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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769407

RESUMO

Karoshi is a term used to describe unexplained sudden death associated with overwork and has become a serious public health issue in China. Cases have occurred in physicians, university professors, engineers in high-tech companies, and blue-collar workers. The mechanisms associated with death by overwork are very complex. According to most researchers, karoshi is considered to be caused by an excessive workload that induces deterioration of underlying hypertension or atherosclerosis. These conditions inevitably lead to death from cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. However, in our own experience, we have found that in some cases, the victims of karoshi were in a chronic state of overwork but without a history of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. In support of this, we have found that even autopsies have revealed few positive findings except for cardiac hypertrophy. In this article, we report 3 typical cases of karoshi but without the typical pathomorphological features of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691632

RESUMO

Hydroxysteroid 17-beta dehydrogenase 12 (HSD17B12) is suggested to be involved in the elongation of very long chain fatty acids. Previously, we have shown a pivotal role for the enzyme during mouse development. In the present study we generated a conditional Hsd17b12 knockout (HSD17B12cKO) mouse model by breeding mice homozygous for a floxed Hsd17b12 allele with mice expressing the tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase at the ROSA26 locus. Gene inactivation was induced by administering tamoxifen to adult mice. The gene inactivation led to a 20% loss of body weight within six days, associated with drastic reduction in both white (83% males, 75% females) and brown (65% males, 60% females) fat, likely due to markedly reduced food and water intake. Furthermore, the knockout mice showed sickness behavior and signs of liver toxicity, specifically microvesicular hepatic steatosis and increased serum alanine aminotransferase (4.6-fold in males, 7.7-fold in females). The hepatic changes were more pronounced in females than males. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-17 and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor were increased in the HSD17B12cKO mice indicating inflammatory response. Serum lipidomics study showed an increase in the amount of dihydroceramides, despite the dramatic overall loss of lipids. In line with the proposed role for HSD17B12 in the fatty acid elongation, we observed accumulation of ceramides, dihydroceramides, hexosylceramides and lactosylceramides with shorter than 18-carbon fatty acid side chains in the serum. The results indicate that HSD17B12 is essential for proper lipid homeostasis, and HSD17B12 deficiency rapidly results in fatal systemic inflammation and lipolysis in adult mice.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727904

RESUMO

Stacking layers of atomically thin transition-metal carbides and two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenides, could lead to nontrivial superconductivity and other unprecedented phenomena yet to be studied. In this work, superconducting α-phase thin molybdenum carbide flakes were first synthesized, and a subsequent sulfurization treatment induced the formation of vertical heterolayer systems consisting of different phases of molybdenum carbide-ranging from α to γ' and γ phases-in conjunction with molybdenum sulfide layers. These transition-metal carbide/disulfide heterostructures exhibited critical superconducting temperatures as high as 6 K, higher than that of the starting single-phased α-Mo2C (4 K). We analyzed possible interface configurations to explain the observed moiré patterns resulting from the vertical heterostacks. Our density-functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that epitaxial strain and moiré patterns lead to a higher interfacial density of states, which favors superconductivity. Such engineered heterostructures might allow the coupling of superconductivity to the topologically nontrivial surface states featured by transition-metal carbide phases composing these heterostructures potentially leading to unconventional superconductivity. Moreover, we envisage that our approach could also be generalized to other metal carbide and nitride systems that could exhibit high-temperature superconductivity.

4.
Blood Adv ; 4(13): 3141-3153, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658985

RESUMO

The present study investigated the survival benefit of non-anthracycline (ANT)-based vs ANT-based regimens in a large-scale, real-world cohort of patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL). Within the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database (2000-2015), we identified 2560 newly diagnosed patients who received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy. Propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable analyses were used to compare overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between the 2 chemotherapy regimens. We explored the survival benefit of non-ANT-based regimens in patients with different treatments in early-stage disease and in risk-stratified subgroups. Non-ANT-based regimens significantly improved survivals compared with ANT-based regimens. The 5-year OS and PFS were 68.9% and 59.5% for non-ANT-based regimens compared with 57.5% and 44.5% for ANT-based regimens in the entire cohort. The clinical advantage of non-ANT-based regimens was substantial across the subgroups examined, regardless of stage and risk-stratified subgroup, and remained significant in early-stage patients who received radiotherapy. The survival benefits of non-ANT-based regimens were consistent after adjustment using multivariable and PSM analyses. These findings provide additional evidence supporting non-ANT-based regimens as a first-line treatment of patients with ENKTCL.

5.
J Neurol Sci ; 416: 116998, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating clinical evidence has indicated that sonothrombolysis can aid in the treatment of ischemic stroke; however, these findings remain controversial. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to assess randomized clinical studies concerning the effects of sonothrombolysis on ischemic stroke to evaluate its safety and efficacy. METHODS: We systematically searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMBASE databases for literature published between the inception of electronic data and May 2019 regarding sonothrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Data extraction was based on patient characteristics, ultrasound variables (any duration or frequency, without microbubble), and outcome variables (safety and efficacy). RESULTS: Five trials were included in the present study. Clinical functional recovery was evaluated at different time points (several days or 3 months), and heterogeneity was low. Sonothrombolysis did not lead to an increase in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhagic complications or death. Our results demonstrated that patients treated with sonothrombolysis had significantly higher rates of recanalization and asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage than patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis alone. In the subgroup of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion patients, sonothrombolysis was found to greatly increase the efficacy outcomes compared to intravenous thrombolysis. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence suggests that sonothrombolysis is a technically feasible and potentially effective treatment that has beneficial effects on recanalization and increases the rate of asymptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage in stroke patients. Additionally, short- and long-term clinical outcome analyses were improved in the MCA occlusion sonothrombolysis subgroup. Larger clinical trials of MCA occlusion patients are necessary to verify these findings.

6.
Int J Legal Med ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617663

RESUMO

The diagnosis of drowning is one of the major challenges in forensic practice, especially when the corpse is in a state of decomposition. Novel indicators of drowning are desired in the field of forensic medicine. In the past decade, aquatic bacteria have attracted great attention from forensic experts because they can easily enter the blood circulation with drowning medium, and some of them can proliferate in the corpse. Recently, the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has created new opportunities to efficiently analyze whole microbial communities and has catalyzed the development of forensic microbiology. We presumed that NGS could be a potential method for diagnosing drowning. In the present study, we verified this hypothesis by fundamental experiments in drowned and postmortem-submersed rat models. Our study revealed that detecting the bacterial communities with NGS and processing the data in a transparent way with unweighted UniFrac-based principal coordinates analysis (PCoA) could clearly discriminate the skin, lung, blood, and liver specimens of the drowning group and postmortem submersion group. Furthermore, the acquired information could be used to identify new cases. Taken together, these results suggest that we could build a microbial database of drowned and postmortem-submersed victims by NGS and subsequently use a bioinformatic method to diagnose drowning in future forensic practice.

7.
World J Pediatr ; 16(3): 260-266, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics and outcome of COVID-19 in children are different from those in adults. We aimed to describe the characteristics of infants under 1 year of age (excluding newborns) with COVID-19. METHODS: We retrospectively retrieved data of 36 infants with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 26 to March 22, 2020. Clinical features, chest imaging findings, laboratory tests results, treatments and clinical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age of the infected infants was 6.43 months, with a range of 2-12 months. 61.11% of the patients were males and 38.89% females. 86.11% of the infants were infected due to family clustering. Cough (77.78%) and fever (47.22%) were the most common clinical manifestations. Chest CT scan revealed 61.11% bilateral pneumonia and 36.11% unilateral pneumonia. 47.22% of the infants developed complications. Increased leucocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and thrombocytes were observed in 11.11, 8.33, 36.11 and 44.44% of infants, respectively. Decreased leucocytes, neutrophils, thrombocyte and hemoglobin were observed in 8.33, 19.44, 2.78 and 36.11% of infants, respectively. Increased C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, lactate dehydrogenase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase and D-dimer were observed in 19.44, 67.74, 47.22, 19.44, 22.22 and 20.69% of infants, respectively. Only one infant had a high level of creatinine. Co-infections with other respiratory pathogens were observed in 62.86% of infants. CD3 (20.69%), CD4 (68.97%), CD19 (31.03%) and Th/Ts (44.83%) were elevated; CD8 (6.9%) and CD16+CD56 (48.28%) was reduced. IL-4 (7.69%), IL-6 (19.23%), IL-10 (50%), TNF-α (11.54%) and IFN-γ (19.23%) were elevated. Up to March 22, 97.22% of infants recovered, while a critical ill infant died. When the infant's condition deteriorates rapidly, lymphocytopenia was discovered. Meanwhile, C-reactive protein, D-dimer, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase, creatinine, IL-6 and IL-10 increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS: In the cohort, we discovered that lymphocytosis, elevated CD4 and IL-10, and co-infections were common in infants with COVID-19, which were different from adults with COVID-19. Most infants with COVID-19 have mild clinical symptoms and good prognosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20663, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the efficacy and safety of Shenmai injection (SMI) for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The following electronic bibliographic databases will be searched from inception to the March 25, 2020 without language and publication time limitations: MEDLINE, PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, WANGFANG, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All randomized controlled trials related to the SMI for patients with CHF will be included. All study selection, data extraction, and study quality will be carried out by 2 reviewers. Any disagreements will be solved by a third reviewer through discussion. RevMan 5.3 software will be used for data synthesis and data analysis. RESULTS: This study will summarize the present evidence of SMI for the treatment of patients with CHF. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study will determine whether SMI is effective and safety for the treatment of CHF or not. STUDY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202050029.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Combinação de Medicamentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Injeções , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sódio/sangue , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Urina
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(26): e20785, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will assess the effect of Xingnaojing injection (XNJI) for the treatment of acute alcoholism (AAH). METHODS: The bibliographic literature sources will be systematically searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wan fang Database, and VIP Science Technology Periodical Database. All above electronic databases will be sought from inception to the April 1, 2020. We will not apply any limitations to language and publication time. In addition, we will also search other literature sources. Two reviewers will carry out study selection, data extraction, and methodological quality evaluation, respectively. Any divergences will be resolved by a third reviewer through discussion. We will use RevMan 5.3 software to analyze data analysis. RESULTS: This study will summarize present evidence to assess the effect of XNJI for the treatment of AAH. CONCLUSION: This study will investigate whether XNJI is effective and safety for AAH. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY202040197.


Assuntos
Intoxicação Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Injeções , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zool Res ; 41(4): 423-430, 2020 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521574

RESUMO

The Chinese sturgeon ( Acipenser sinensis Gray, 1835) is a large anadromous fish species, which is under considerable threat due to dramatic declines in population numbers. In the current study, population genetic diversity and individual reproductive success were assessed using nuclear microsatellite markers (simple sequence repeat, SSR) and complete mitochondrial (mtDNA) genome analysis of juveniles born in 2014. Results showed the existence of size polymorphism in the mtDNA genome of Chinese sturgeon, which was caused by a repeat motif. Population genetic diversity was high based on both SSR ( Ho: 0.728±0.211; He: 0.779±0.122) and mtDNA genome analyses ( H: 0.876±0.0035; Pi: 0.0011±0.0010). A positive inbreeding coefficient ( FIS: 0.066±0.143) was also found, indicating the occurrence of inbreeding. Reconstruction of sibling groups identified 11 mothers and 11 fathers involved in reproduction of Chinese sturgeons in 2014. Variance in individual reproductive success was not significant, with reproductive success of parent fish instead shown to be relatively even ( P=0.997>0.05), thus suggesting the absence of sweepstakes reproductive success (SRS). These results indicate that, in regard to conservation, loss of genetic diversity due to the effects of SRS is not of particular concern. However, we must focus on having an adequate number of adults and suitable environmental conditions to ensure that fish can reproduce.

11.
Org Lett ; 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589432

RESUMO

A general γ-C(sp2)-H iodination method directed by an aliphatic keto group has been developed under transition-metal-free conditions for the first time, generating iodoarenes in good to excellent yields with excellent site selectivity. This protocol features a wide range of aryl-substituted ketones, short reaction times, mild reaction conditions, and scalable synthetic procedures. A possible reaction mechanism was also proposed based on several control experiments.

12.
Heart ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546505
13.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595195

RESUMO

AIM: Hemorrhagic transformation is the major complication of intravenous thrombolysis. Calcification is used widely as an imaging indicator of atherosclerotic burden and cerebrovascular function. The relationship between intracranial calcification and hemorrhagic transformation has not been explored fully. We aimed to identify and quantify calcification in the main cerebral vessels to investigate the correlations between quantitative calcification parameters, hemorrhagic transformation, and prognosis. METHODS: Acute, non-cardiogenic, ischemic stroke patients with anterior circulation who received intravenous thrombolysis therapy in the First Hospital of Jilin University were retrospectively and consecutively included. All included patients underwent a baseline CT before intravenous thrombolysis and a follow-up CT at 24 hours. A third-party software, ITK-SNAP, was used to segment and measure the calcification volume. A vascular non-bone component with a CT value >130 HU was considered calcified. Hemorrhagic transformation was determined based on the ECASS II classification criteria. RESULTS: The study included 242 patients, 214 of whom were identified as having calcification. Thirty-one patients developed hemorrhagic transformation. The calcification volume on the lesion side (0.1ml) was associated with hemorrhagic transformation (p=0.004, OR=1.504, 95% CI: 1.140-1.985). Ninety-six patients had poor prognoses. The poor prognosis group had more calcified vessels than the good prognosis group (p=0.014, OR=1.477, 95% CI: 1.083-2.015). CONCLUSIONS: The arterial calcification volume on the lesion side is associated with hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolysis. The higher the number of calcified vessels, the greater the risk of poor prognosis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493008

RESUMO

The vertical integration of atomically thin-layered materials to create van der Waals heterostructures (vdWHs) has been proposed as a method to design nanostructures with emergent properties. In this work, epitaxial Bi2Te3/WS2 vdWHs are synthesized via a two-step vapor deposition process. It is calculated that the vdWH has an indirect band gap with a valence band edge that bridges the vdW gap, resulting in a quenched photoluminescence (PL) from the WS2 monolayer, reduced intensity of its resonance Raman vibrational peaks, improved vertical charge transport, and a decrease in the intensity of second harmonic generation (SHG). Furthermore, it is observed that induced defects strongly influence the nucleation and growth of vdWHs. By creating point defects in WS2 monolayers, it is shown that the growth of Bi2Te3 platelets can be patterned. This work offers important insights into the synthesis, defect engineering, and moiré engineering of an emerging class of two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures.

16.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449800

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the survival benefits of chemotherapy (CT) added to radiotherapy (RT) in different risk groups of patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL), and to investigate the risk of postponing RT based on induction CT responses. A total of 1360 patients who received RT with or without new-regimen CT from 20 institutions were retrospectively reviewed. The patients had received RT alone, RT followed by CT (RT + CT), or CT followed by RT (CT + RT). The patients were stratified into different risk groups using the nomogram-revised risk index (NRI). A comparative study was performed using propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. Adding new-regimen CT to RT (vs RT alone) significantly improved overall survival (OS, 73.2% vs 60.9%, P < .001) and progression-free survival (PFS, 63.5% vs 54.2%, P < .001) for intermediate-risk/high-risk patients, but not for low-risk patients. For intermediate-risk/high-risk patients, RT + CT and CT + RT resulted in non-significantly different OS (77.7% vs 72.4%; P = .290) and PFS (67.1% vs 63.1%; P = .592). For patients with complete response (CR) after induction CT, initiation of RT within or beyond three cycles of CT resulted in similar OS (78.2% vs 81.7%, P = .915) and PFS (68.2% vs 69.9%, P = .519). For patients without CR, early RT resulted in better PFS (63.4% vs 47.6%, P = .019) than late RT. Risk-based, response-adapted therapy involving early RT combined with CT is a viable, effective strategy for intermediate-risk/high-risk early-stage patients with ENKTCL in the modern treatment era.

17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(5): 401-5, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and advantages of the full endoscopic I See technique for the single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 38 patients with the single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis treated by full endoscopic I See technique from January 2017 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 16 males and 22 females, aged from 35 to 79 years with an average of(53.45±12.56) years. Five cases were L3,4, 23 cases were L4,5, 10 cases were L5S1. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by VAS, ODI and Macnab scores. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for more than 12 months after operation. The length of operation was from 55 to130 (86.0± 17.5) min. Intraoperative blood loss was ranging from 10 to 50 (17±6) ml, and the hospitalization length was from 3 to 7 days with an average of 4.6 days. The VAS scores of low back pain assessed before operation, and 3 d, 3 months, 12 months post operation were 6.67 ±1.25, 3.87 ±1.35, 2.55 ±1.21, 2.05 ±0.97, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05);VAS scores of leg pain at these time points were 7.85±2.62, 3.31±1.42, 2.02±1.13, 1.85±0.86, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05);ODI scores were 40.32±5.38, 25.76±4.81, 12.66±4.64, 9.32±2.91, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Tevaluate the lumbar vertebrae function according to the Macnab criteria, 15 cases obtained excellent results, 19 cases were good, and 4 cases were fair. CONCLUSION: Full endoscopic I See technique is effective in the treatment of single-segment degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis, with the advantages of less trauma, shorter hospital stay, and faster recovery.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Adulto , Idoso , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(18): 186602, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441947

RESUMO

We report theoretical and experimental analyses of the thermal Hall conductivity in correlated systems. For both fermionic and bosonic excitations with nontrivial topology, we show that at "intermediate" temperatures, the thermal Hall conductivity exhibits an unexpected universal scaling with a simple exponential form. At low temperatures, it behaves differently and reflects the spectral properties of underlying excitations. Our predictions are examined as examples in two prototype compounds, the quantum paraelectric SrTiO_{3} and the spin-liquid compound RuCl_{3}. The experimental data can be largely covered by our proposed minimal phenomenological model independent of microscopic details, revealing dominant bosonic contributions in SrTiO_{3} and gapped fermionic excitations in RuCl_{3}. Our work establishes a phenomenological link between microscopic models and experimental data and provides a unified basis for analyzing the thermal Hall conductivity in correlated systems over a wide temperature region.

19.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 41(2): 131-134, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379096

RESUMO

The patient was an 88-year-old woman with a 10-year history of hypertension. She was suspected to have been hit by a car. At the time of the event, she was conscious and able to stand on her own and had no obvious injuries. She was sent home, but she lapsed into unconsciousness and was nonresponsive after 2 hours. She was sent to the hospital, and her heartbeat and breathing stopped. After half an hour of rescue attempts, her heartbeat did not recover, and she was declared dead. During the autopsy, a small subcutaneous hemorrhage was observed below the right knee joint. No obvious internal organ injuries or bone fractures were observed. The deceased also had mild atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries and an old cerebral infarction in the right cerebellum. The tissue histopathological tests showed distinct fat embolism in multiple organs, including the brain, lungs, kidneys, liver, and pancreas. A postmortem blood biochemistry test of the heart blood showed that the levels of low-density lipoprotein, cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acids in the blood were increased, and the level of C-reactive protein was elevated. According to the autopsy results, the direct cause of death was multiorgan fat embolism. This case suggests that aging, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia may be risk factors for nontraumatic fat embolism under stressful conditions.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 724: 138271, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268292

RESUMO

Artificial light at night has greatly changed the physical environment for many organisms on a global scale. As an energy efficient light resource, light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been widely used in recent years. As LEDs often have a broad spectrum, many biological processes may be potentially affected. In this study, we conducted manipulated experiments in rat-proof enclosures to explore the effects of LED night lighting on behavior of a nocturnal rodent, the Mongolian five-toed jerboa (Allactaga sibirica). We adopted the giving-up density (GUD) method and camera video trapping to study behavioral responses in terms of patch use, searching efficiency and vigilance. With the presence of white LED lighting, jerboas spent less time in patches, foraged less intensively (with higher GUDs) and became vigilant more frequently, while their searching efficiency was higher than under dark treatment. Although both positive and negative effects of LEDs on foraging were detected, the net effect of LEDs on jerboas is negative, which may further translate into changes in population dynamics, inter-specific interaction and community structure. To our knowledge, this is the first field study to explore how LED lighting affect foraging behavior and searching efficiency in rodents. Our results may have potential implications for practices such as pest control.


Assuntos
Iluminação , Roedores , Animais , Meio Ambiente , Luz , Dinâmica Populacional , Ratos
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