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1.
Molecules ; 25(11)2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466391

RESUMO

: The new rigid planar ligand 2,5-bis(3-(pyridine-4-yl)phenyl)thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole (BPPT) has been synthesized, which is an excellent building block for assembling coordination polymer. Under solvothermal reaction conditions, cadmium ion with BPPT in the presence of various carboxylic acids including (1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid (BPDC), isophthalic acid (IP), and benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (BTC) gave rise to three coordination complexes, viz, [Cd(BPPT)(BPDA)](BPPT)n (1), [Cd(BPPT) (IP)] (CH3OH) (2), and [Cd3(BPPT)3(BTC)2(H2O)2] (3). The structures of 1, 2, and 3 were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The IR spectra as well as thermogravimetric and luminescence properties were also investigated. Complex 1 is a two-dimensional (2D) network and further stretched to a 3D supramolecular structure through π-π stacking interaction. The complexes 2 and 3 show 3D framework. The complexes 1, 2, and 3 exhibited luminescence property at room temperature.

2.
Arch Anim Nutr ; : 1-16, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441546

RESUMO

The study was conducted to determine effects of a complex of fibre-degrading enzymes (xylanase, cellulase and ß-glucanase) on nutrient digestibility, fibre fermentation and concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) at different parts of digestive tract in pigs fed different fibre-rich ingredients. A total of 36 barrows fitted with T-cannulas in the distal ileum (initial body weight of 41.1 ± 2.7 kg) were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments with three different high-fibre diets including maize bran (MB), sugar beet pulp (SBP) and soybean hulls (SH) with or without supplementation of fibre-degrading enzymes. Enzyme supplementation improved (p < 0.05) apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of dietary gross energy (GE), crude protein, dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), total dietary fibre (TDF), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of dietary GE, DM, OM, TDF, insoluble dietary fibre (IDF) when pigs were fed MB, SBP or SH diets. When compared to the SBP and SH diets, the AID of GE, DM, ash, OM and NDF in diet MB was higher (p < 0.05), but the hindgut disappearance and ATTD of nutrients, except for ether extract and crude ash, were lower (p < 0.05). Enzyme supplementation increased acetate and total SCFA concentrations in ileal digesta and faeces of pigs. In conclusion, enzyme addition improved IDF fermentation and SCFA concentration in the whole intestine of pigs, and there was a large variation of digestibility of fibre components among MB, SH and SBP owing to their different fibre composition. Therefore, fibre-degrading enzymes should be applied to fibrous diets to improve efficient production of swine, especially considering low fibre digestibility of fibre-rich ingredients.

3.
Nanotechnology ; 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353835

RESUMO

In this work, combining first-principles calculation and phonon Boltzmann transport equation, we explored the diffusive thermal conductivity of diamond-like bi-layer graphene. The converged iterative solution provides high room temperature thermal conductivity of 2034 W/mK, significantly higher than other 2D materials. More interesting, the thermal conductivity calculated by relaxation time approximation is about 33% underestimated, revealing remarkable phonon hydrodynamic transport characteristic. Significant strain dependence is reported, for example, under 5% tensile strain, room temperature thermal conductivity (1081 W/mK) is only about 50% of the strain free sample, and under 20% strain, it reduces dramatically to only about 11% of the intrinsic one (226 W/mK). Unexpectedly, in addition to the remarkable reduction in absolute value of thermal conductivity, tensile strain can impact the hydrodynamic significance. For example, under 5% strain, the underestimation of relaxation time approximation in thermal conductivity is reduced to 20%. Furthermore, using non-equilibrium Green's function calculation, high ballistic thermal conductance (2.95 GW/m2K) is demonstrated, and the mean free path is predicted to be 700 nm at room temperature. The importance of the knowledge of phonon transport in diamond-like bi-layer graphene goes beyond fundamental physics owing to its relevance to thermal management applications due to the super-high thermal conduction.

4.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2020 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediator is a multiprotein complex that acts as an essential transcriptional coactivator in eukaryotic cells for successful transcription. In this study, we aimed to explore the expression profile of 33 mediator subunit genes in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) and the functional role of MED28 in cellular behaviors of OCSCC cells. METHODS: Single-cell (sc)RNA-seq data from OCSCC cells (Puram 2017's dataset) and bulk-seq data of the OCSCC subgroup of TCGA-head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) were used for bioinformatic analysis. SCC9 cells were used in in-vitro and in-vivo analysis. RESULTS: Among the 33 genes subjected to screening, MED28 showed the best prognostic value and its upregulation might independently predict shorter OS (HR: 3.699, 95% CI: 1.383-9.892, P = .009) and PFS (HR: 2.769, 95% CI: 1.462-5.244, P = .002). MED28 expression was positively correlated with cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties of SCC9 cells, including colony/sphere formation, and the expression of CSC markers (CD44, KLF4, NANOG, and OCT4). RCOR1 could suppress the CSC-like properties of SCC9 cells and had direct interaction with MED28. Its overexpression partly abrogated MED28-induced expression of CSC markers. RCOR1 expression was associated with promoter hypermethylation, while MED28 expression was positively correlated with its MED28 copy number (Pearson's r = .44) in OCSCC tissues. CONCLUSION: Among the mediator complex subunits, MED28 might serve as a potential biomarker of unfavorable survival. Its overexpression increased CSC-like activity of OCSCC cells, the effect of which could be abrogated by RCOR1 via direct interaction.

5.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 31(5): 1050-1065, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kidney injury associated with cold storage is a determinant of delayed graft function and the long-term outcome of transplanted kidneys, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. We previously reported a role of protein kinase C-δ (PKCδ) in renal tubular injury during cisplatin nephrotoxicity and albumin-associated kidney injury, but whether PKCδ is involved in ischemic or transplantation-associated kidney injury is unknown. METHODS: To investigate PKCδ's potential role in injury during cold storage-associated transplantation, we incubated rat kidney proximal tubule cells in University of Wisconsin (UW) solution at 4°C for cold storage, returning them to normal culture medium at 37°C for rewarming. We also stored kidneys from donor mice in cold UW solution for various durations, followed by transplantation into syngeneic recipient mice. RESULTS: We observed PKCδ activation in both in vitro and in vivo models of cold-storage rewarming or transplantation. In the mouse model, PKCδ was activated and accumulated in mitochondria, where it mediated phosphorylation of a mitochondrial fission protein, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), at serine 616. Drp1 activation resulted in mitochondrial fission or fragmentation, accompanied by mitochondrial damage and tubular cell death. Deficiency of PKCδ in donor kidney ameliorated Drp1 phosphorylation, mitochondrial damage, tubular cell death, and kidney injury during cold storage-associated transplantation. PKCδ deficiency also improved the repair and function of the renal graft as a life-supporting kidney. An inhibitor of PKCδ, δV1-1, protected kidneys against cold storage-associated transplantation injury. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that PKCδ is a key mediator of mitochondrial damage and renal tubular injury in cold storage-associated transplantation and may be an effective therapeutic target for improving renal transplant outcomes.

6.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259395

RESUMO

A unique polyketide cladosporactone A along with eight known compounds were isolated from the deep-sea-derived Cladosporium cladosporioides. The structure of cladosporactone A was established by spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configuration was clarified by the theoretical ECD calculation. Cladosporactone A is the first member of polyketide with the 7-methylisochromen-3-one skeleton.

7.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236236

RESUMO

Topological semimetals, including topological nodal point semimetals (TNPSs), topological nodal line state semimetals (TNLSs), and topological nodal surface semimetals (TNSSs), featuring zero-dimensional (0D), one-dimensional (1D), and two-dimensional (2D) topological elements (TEs), respectively, have attracted widespread attention in recent years. In this work, based on first-principles calculations, we propose for the first time that three different (0D, 1D, and 2D) TEs are simultaneously present in a synthetic compound, HfIr3B4, with a P63/m type structure. In detail, HfIr3B4 hosts a Dirac point (DP) state at the K point, a TNL state in the kz = 0 plane, and a 2D TNS state in the kz = π plane, respectively. All sorts of topological elements, 0D, 1D, and 2D TEs, coexisting in the P63/m type HfIr3B4, provide an ideal platform to study the rich fermionic states and their related physical properties in this type of compound. In addition, because the 0D, 1D, and 2D TEs of HfIr3B4 are equally distributed in different energy ranges relative to the Fermi level, an approach is proposed to utilize individual TEs to build on-demand devices.

8.
Asian J Surg ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171605

RESUMO

Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents is one of the most terrible complications following general anesthesia. It is important for patients to prevent this complication by obeying the preoperative fasting protocol strictly. At present, it has been reported by many studies that bedside ultrasound, as a non-invasive and convenient method, could be used to evaluate gastric contents qualitatively and quantitatively. With the advantages of reliability, accuracy and repeatability, it can greatly reduce the risk of aspiration and ensure patients' life security. But most of the data were acquired from the healthy volunteers. For the gastrointestinal disorder, the pregnant women, obesity, children, the elderly and diabetes patients, the accuracy and reliability of ultrasound to predict the risk of aspiration remains to be identified by more further studies. For these patients with increasing risk of aspiration, I-AIM (Indication, Acquisition, Interpretation, Medical decision-making) framework plays an important role in ensuring the safety of patients. It is crucial to make appropriate clinical decisions by evaluating the gastric contents with ultrasound.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 31(31): 315709, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203947

RESUMO

Recent decades have seen tremendous progress in quantitative understanding of phonon transport, which is critical for the thermal management of various functional devices and the proper optimization of thermoelectric materials. In this work, using a first-principles based calculation combined with the non-equilibrium Green's function and a phonon Boltzmann transport equation, we provide a systematic study of the phonon stability and phonon transport of a monolayer boron sheet with a honeycomb, graphene-like structure (graphene-like borophene) in both ballistic and diffusive regimes. For free-standing graphene-like borophene, phonon instabilities occur near the centre of the Brillouin zone, implying elastic instability. Investigation of the electronic structures shows that the phonon instability is due to the deficiency of electrons. Our first-principles results show that with net charge doping and in-plane tensile strain, graphene-like borophene becomes thermodynamically stable in ideal planar nature, because the bonding characteristic is modified. At room temperature, the ballistic thermal conductance of graphene-like borophene (7.14 nWK-1 nm-2) is higher than that of graphene (4.1 nWK-1 nm-2), due to high phonon transmission. However, its diffusive thermal conductivity is two orders of magnitude lower than graphene, because the phonon relaxation time is dramatically reduced compared with its carbon counterpart. Although the phonon group velocity and phonon anharmonicity are comparable with those of graphene, the suppressed phonon space results in dramatically strong phonon-phonon scattering. These thermal transport characteristics in both ballistic and diffusive regimes are of fundamental and technological relevance and provide guidance for applications of boron-based nanomaterials in which thermal conduction is the major concern.

10.
Org Lett ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124613

RESUMO

Mesoionic carbene-iridium complex 1a has been investigated in the hydrogen isotope exchange (HIE) reaction of anilines. By employing 1 mol % of 1a as catalyst, anilines were selectively deuterated at the ortho-position with high deuteration levels. High ortho-selectivity was observed for anilines with various competing directing groups, which is in contrast with catalytic results of Kerr's catalysts.

11.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(8): 4643-4647, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126633

RESUMO

Dental restorative materials are widely used to repair teeth and dentition defects. However, the dental restorative materials tend to react with oral bacteria when they are exposed to oral conditions, which leads to a change in the oral microecology. Herein, we have employed molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the interaction between different dental restorative materials and oral bacteria. It was found that the staphylococcal protein A (SPA) is more likely to attach on the surface of silicon carbide (SiC) substrate than hematite (Fe2O3) substrate surface. Furthermore, the tightly adhesion and accumulation of SPA on SiC surface changes the molecular structure of SPA, which will induce a change in the oral microecology. This study has demonstrated that the adhesion and molecular structure of oral bacteria is strongly dependent on dental restorative materials by molecular dynamics simulations, and Fe2O3 is more suitable to be a dental restorative material. It is therefore believed that molecular dynamics simulations can be used to further screen suitable materials for oral rehabilitation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125816

RESUMO

Polymer dielectrics with low-loss and high-temperature tolerance are extremely desirable as electrical energy storage materials for advanced electronics and electrical power applications. They can allow fast switching rates during power conversion and therefore achieve high power densities without thermal issues. Here, we explore polypropylene (PP), the state of the art dielectric polymer, and present an innovative approach to substantially improve the thermal stability and concurrently reduce the dielectric loss of PP. In particular, cross-linkable antioxidant groups, hindered phenol (HP), are incorporated into PP via well-controlled chemical synthesis. The grafted HP can simultaneously serve as radical scavenger and cross-linker, thereby constraining thermally decomposed radicals and charge transport in the synthesized PP-HP copolymer. As a result, the upper-temperature limit of PP-HP is greatly extended to 190 °C and the electrical loss is even gradually reduced upon thermal annealing. The copolymer after heating under 190 °C exhibits better dielectric properties than the PP without any thermal treatment. The experimental results indicate that the PP-HP copolymers are promising materials for high-temperature, low-loss, and high-voltage dielectric applications.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150655

RESUMO

The surface extension of all-carbon based bowl-shaped molecules, such as corannulene and sumanene, to synthesize even larger buckybowls has been widely studied, leaving other concave compounds with heteroatoms less considered. Herein we present a highly curved molecule synthesized via stepwise cyclization of fjords of a bisacridone derivative. Crystallographic analysis unambiguously confirmed a boat-shaped structure with deformed bottom benzene ring. Theoretical calculation unravels an inversion process with an S-shaped transition structure rather than a planar one. The enlarged boat demonstrates interesting properties, such as red shifts in absorption and emission spectra, enhanced emission intensity, and convergent frontier molecular orbital energy levels, in comparison to the related concave N-heterotriangulene.

14.
Elife ; 92020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195664

RESUMO

The recruitment of substrates by the ser/thr protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is poorly understood, limiting our understanding of PP2A-regulated signaling. Recently, the first PP2A:B56 consensus binding motif, LxxIxE, was identified. However, most validated LxxIxE motifs bind PP2A:B56 with micromolar affinities, suggesting that additional motifs exist to enhance PP2A:B56 binding. Here, we report the requirement of a positively charged motif in a subset of PP2A:B56 interactors, including KIF4A, to facilitate B56 binding via dynamic, electrostatic interactions. Using molecular and cellular experiments, we show that a conserved, negatively charged groove on B56 mediates dynamic binding. We also discovered that this positively charged motif, in addition to facilitating KIF4A dephosphorylation, is essential for condensin I binding, a function distinct and exclusive from PP2A-B56 binding. Together, these results reveal how dynamic, charge-charge interactions fine-tune the interactions mediated by specific motifs, providing a new framework for understanding how PP2A regulation drives cellular signaling.

15.
Clin Epigenetics ; 12(1): 37, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has shown that MUC1 and TFF2 play crucial roles in the H. pylori-infected pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC). A recent study revealed that H. pylori infection induced obviously increased Tff2 methylation levels in Muc1-/- mice compared with controls. However, little is known of the molecular mechanism on MUC1 regulating the expression of TFF2. METHODS: We conducted a correlation analysis of MUC1 and TFF2 in public databases and our adjacent GC tissues. Besides, MUC1 overexpression vector or small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into GC cells to assess the change in TFF2 expression. Furthermore, the methylation status of TFF2 was measured by bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP). RESULTS: The expression of MUC1 was significantly lower in non-cardia and cardia tumor tissues than that in normal tissues. Downregulation of TFF2 expression was also observed in GC tissues. In addition, we found that MUC1 expression was positively associated with TFF2 expression in GC tissues, especially among GC patients with H. pylori infection. Overexpression of MUC1 in BGC-823 and SGC-7901 cell lines substantially increased the TFF2 expression, whereas knockdown of MUC1 reverted this effect. Moreover, MUC1 was negatively related to the methylation of TFF2 in the co-expression analysis. The results of BSP experiments showed that compared with negative vector group, the methylation level of TFF2 was decreased in GC cells transfected with MUC1 overexpression vector. Additionally, survival analysis indicated that GC patients with lower level of MUC1 or TFF2 had a worse outcome. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that MUC1 was associated with the methylation of TFF2, which may have implications for TFF2 expression in GC. These findings warrant further research toward the underlying mechanism of MUC1 influenced the TFF2 methylation.

17.
Biotechnol Lett ; 42(6): 905-916, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a chronic immune disease that has become a serious public health problem. The currently available medications are not ideal because of their limitations and side effects; hence, new target proteins and signaling cascades for precise and safe therapy treatment are needed. This work established an ovalbumin-induced asthma rat model and treated it with total flavonoid extract from the Xinjiang chamomile. The proteins that were differentially expressed in the chamomile extract-treated asthmatic rats and the asthma and healthy rat groups were identified using isobaric tagging followed by LC-MS/MS. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway analysis of the differentially expressed proteins was performed. RESULTS: Pathways involved in purine metabolism, herpes simplex infection, and JNK phosphorylation and activation mediated by activated human TAK1 were enriched, indicating the intrinsic links between the mechanism of asthma development and treatment effects. Furthermore, we constructed a protein-protein interaction network and identified KIF3A as a potential target protein of chamomile extract that affected the Hedgehog signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This study may provide new insights into the pathogenesis of asthma and reveal several proteins and pathways that could be exploited to develop novel treatment approaches.

18.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126204, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088457

RESUMO

Spent potlining (SPL) as a hazardous solid waste has a high content of inorganic fluorine. This study aimed at characterizing its transformation, retention and leaching behaviors with(out) the addition of red mud (RM) during the SPL incineration. The RM addition positively affected its retention and leaching rates. Its Ca-containing compounds caused Na3AlF6 and NaF to turn into more CaF2. 30% RM converted water-soluble NaF into more stable CaF2 than did SPL at 850 °C, thus reducing the leaching rate by 45.15%. 30% RM captured HF through its Ca content and enhanced its retention rate by 66.96%. 66.01% of the total fluorine was stably retained in the bottom ash, and thus, significantly reduced the toxicity of the SPL incineration products. SiO2 and Al2O3 exerted a thermally positive effect on NaF turning into CaF2. The fluoride retention of the bottom ash was mainly dominated by CaF2 and NaF with(out) RM. Smaller, coarser and more loose structures of the co-incinerated solid particles pointed to a synergistic interaction between SPL and RM.


Assuntos
Flúor/química , Incineração , Modelos Químicos , Cinza de Carvão/química , Fluoretos , Resíduos Perigosos , Dióxido de Silício , Resíduos Sólidos , Termodinâmica , Água
19.
Chin Med Sci J ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32102726

RESUMO

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), is a highly contagious disease. It firstly appeared in Wuhan, Hubei province of China in December 2019. During the next two months, it moved rapidly throughout China and spread to multiple countries through infected persons travelling by air. Most of the infected patients have mild symptoms including fever, fatigue and cough. But in severe cases, patients can progress rapidly and develop to the acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, metabolic acidosis and coagulopathy. The new coronavirus was reported to spread via droplets, contact and natural aerosols from human-to-human. Therefore, high-risk aerosol-producing procedures such as endotracheal intubation may put the anesthesiologists at high risk of nosocomial infections. In fact, SARS-CoV-2 infection of anesthesiologists after endotracheal intubation for confirmed COVID-19 patients have been reported in hospitals in Wuhan. The expert panel of airway management in Chinese Society of Anaesthesiology has deliberated and drafted this recommendation, by which we hope to guide the performance of endotracheal intubation by frontline anesthesiologists and critical care physicians. During the airway management, enhanced droplet/airborne PPE should be applied to the health care providers. A good airway assessment before airway intervention is of vital importance. For patients with normal airway, awake intubation should be avoided and modified rapid sequence induction is strongly recommended. Sufficient muscle relaxant should be assured before intubation. For patients with difficult airway, good preparation of airway devices and detailed intubation plans should be made.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 821, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964924

RESUMO

While numerous studies have been carried out to characterize heat transport behaviours in various crystalline silicon nanostructures, the corresponding characteristics of amorphous one-dimension system have not been well understood. In this study, we amorphize crystalline silicon by means of helium-ion irradiation, enabling the formation of a completely amorphous region of well-defined length along a single silicon nanowire. Heat conduction across both amorphous region and its crystalline/amorphous interface is characterized by an electron beam heating technique with high measurement spatial resolution. The measured thermal conductivity of the amorphous silicon nanowire appears length-independence with length ranging from ~30 nm to few hundreds nm, revealing the fully diffusons governed heat conduction. Moreover, unlike the size-dependent interfacial thermal conductance at the interface between two one-dimensional crystalline materials, here for the first time, we observe that the interface thermal conductance across the amorphous/crystalline silicon interface is nearly independent of the length of the amorphous region. This unusual independence is further supported by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation in our work. Our results provide experimental and theoretical insight into the nature of interaction between heat carriers in crystalline and amorphous nano-structures and shed new light to design innovative silicon nanowire based devices.

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