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1.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132457, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610373

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is the most widely used anode in zinc (Zn) electrowinning and other metallurgical industries. The resource loss and environmental pollution caused by Pb anode corrosion are urgent problems to be solved. A γ-MnO2 precoated anode was prepared successfully to reduce the Pb-containing pollutant. The size effects with its controllable preparation on an industrial scale were studied. Severe nonuniform distribution of γ-MnO2 film was observed with curbing the reduction of anode slime only 68%, when anode size increased from lab to industry. Nonuniform rate (R) and average thickness (d) were found to be the key indicators to determine the film structure distribution and their performance differences, which were random and difficult to be controlled in scale-up size. However, a controllable industrial γ-MnO2 precoated anodes (IMPA) fabricated through optimized current density (J0) and electrodeposition time (t) in our developed film-forming system. Then, the long-term performances of two IMPA with different indicators (IMPA-1: R = 34%, d = 108 µm, IMPA-2: R = 23%, d = 55 µm) were compared with the industrial typical Pb-based anode (ITPA). Of the three different anodes, the optimized IMPA-2 displayed the best performance. Within 24 d of electrowinning cycle, the corrosion inhibition effect and the anode slime reduction rate for IMPA-2 improved by 56% and 30% than IMPA-1, and improved by 100% and 91% than ITPA. Furthermore, the mechanism analysis of size effect change showed that R of IMPA was contributed to the local gas holdup distribution along the anode. Controlled size effect of uniform oxide film will have a future application prospect for the sustainability of industry, which provides an important cleaner production of Zn electrowinning and related hydrometallurgy industries.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Zinco , Eletrodos , Chumbo , Compostos de Manganês , Metalurgia , Óxidos
2.
J Econ Entomol ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850022

RESUMO

Extreme weather events, like high temperatures and droughts, are predicted to become common with climate change, and may negatively impact plant growth. How honey bees (Apis mellifera L. [Hymenoptera: Apidae]) will respond to this challenge is unclear, especially when collecting pollen, their primary source of protein, lipids, and micro-nutrients. We explored this response with a data set from multiple research projects that measured pollen collected by honey bees during 2015-2017 in which above-average temperatures and a drought occurred in 2017. We summarized the abundance and diversity of pollen collected from July to September in replicated apiaries kept at commercial soybean and corn farms in Iowa, in the Midwestern USA. The most commonly collected pollen was from clover (Trifolium spp. [Fabales: Fabaceae]), which dramatically declined in absolute and relative abundance in July 2017 during a period of high temperatures and drought. Due to an apparent lack of clover, honey bees switched to the more drought-tolerant native species (e.g., Chamaecrista fasciculata [Michx.] Greene [Fabales: Fabaceae], Dalea purpurea Vent. [Fabales: Fabaceae], Solidago spp. [Asterales: Asteraceae]), and several species of Asteraceae. This was especially noticeable in August 2017 when C. fasciculata dominated (87%) and clover disappeared from bee-collected pollen. We discuss the potential implications of climate-induced forage dearth on honey bee nutritional health. We also compare these results to a growing body of literature on the use of native, perennial flowering plants found in Midwestern prairies for the conservation of beneficial insects. We discuss the potential for drought resistant-native plants to potentially promote resilience to climate change for the non-native, managed honey bee colonies in the United States.

3.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 739496, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778103

RESUMO

Diutina catenulata (Candida catenulata) is an ascomycete yeast species widely used in environmental and industrial research and capable of causing infections in humans and animals. At present, there are only a few studies on D. catenulata, and further research is required for its more in-depth characterization and analysis. Eleven strains of D. catenulata collected from China Hospital Invasive Fungal Surveillance Net (CHIF-NET) and the CHIF-NET North China Program were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and internal transcribed spacer sequencing. The antifungal susceptibility of the Diutina catenulata strains was tested using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute broth microdilution method and Sensititre YeastOne™. Furthermore, ERG11 and FKS1 were sequenced to determine any mutations related to azole and echinocandin resistance in D. catenulata. All isolates exhibited low minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for itraconazole (0.06-0.12 µg/ml), posaconazole (0.06-0.12 µg/ml), amphotericin B (0.25-1 µg/ml), and 5-flucytosine (range, <0.06-0.12 µg/ml), whereas four isolates showed high MICs (≥4 µg/ml) for echinocandins. Strains with high MIC values for azoles showed common ERG11 mutations, namely, F126L/K143R. In addition, L139R mutations may be linked to high MICs of fluconazole. Two amino acid alterations reported to correspond to high MIC values of echinocandin, namely, F621I (F641) and S625L (S645), were found in the hot spot 1 region of FKS1. In addition, one new amino acid alteration, I1348S (I1368), was found outside of the FKS1 hot spot 2 region, and its contribution to echinocandin resistance requires future investigation. Diutina catenulata mainly infects patients with a weak immune system, and the high MIC values for various antifungals exhibited by these isolates may represent a challenge to clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Farmacorresistência Fúngica , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Candida , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Saccharomycetales
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727030

RESUMO

Structural abnormalities and functional changes of renal microvascular networks play a significant pathophysiologic role in the occurrence of kidney diseases. Super-resolution ultrasound imaging has been successfully utilized to visualize the microvascular network and provide valuable diagnostic information. To prevent the burst of microbubbles, a lower mechanical index (MI) is generally used in ultrasound localization microscopy (ULM) imaging. However, high-noise levels lead to incorrect signal localizations in relatively low-MI settings and deep tissue. In this study, we implemented a block-matching threedimensional (BM3D) image-denoising method, after the application of singular value decomposition filtering, to further suppress the noise at various depths. The in vitro flow-phantom results show that the BM3D method helps the significant reduction of the error localizations, thus improving the localization accuracy. In vivo rhesus macaque experiments help conclude that the BM3D method improves the resolution more than other image-based denoising techniques, such as the nonlocal means method. The obtained clutter-filtered images with fewer incorrect localizations can enable robust ULM imaging, thus helping in establishing an effective diagnostic tool.

5.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(22): 2685-2691, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD). METHODS: One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups. RESULTS: At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P < 0.05 vs. baseline). In the trial group, there was no significant difference in the serum nickel level before vs. after device implantation (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.

7.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 710526, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603236

RESUMO

Objectives: Ceftazidime-avibactam is a novel synthetic beta-lactam + beta-lactamase inhibitor combination. We evaluated the performance of the gradient diffusion strip method and the disk diffusion method for the determination of ceftazidime-avibactam against Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Methods: Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of 302 clinical Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from two centers were conducted by broth microdilution (BMD), gradient diffusion strip method, and disk diffusion method for ceftazidime-avibactam. Using BMD as a gold standard, essential agreement (EA), categorical agreement (CA), major error (ME), and very major error (VME) were determined according to CLSI guidelines. CA and EA rate > 90%, ME rate < 3%, and VME rate < 1.5% were considered as acceptable criteria. Polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing were performed to determine the carbapenem resistance genes of all 302 isolates. Results: A total of 302 strains were enrolled, among which 182 strains were from center 1 and 120 strains were from center 2. A percentage of 18.21% (55/302) of the enrolled isolates were resistant to ceftazidime-avibactam. The CA rates of the gradient diffusion strip method for Enterobacterales and P. aeruginosa were 100% and 98.65% (73/74), respectively, and the EA rates were 97.37% (222/228) and 98.65% (73/74), respectively. The CA rates of the disk diffusion method for Enterobacterales and P. aeruginosa were 100% and 95.95% (71/74), respectively. No VMEs were found by using the gradient diffusion strip method, while the ME rate was 0.40% (1/247). No MEs were found by using the disk diffusion method, but the VME rate was 5.45% (3/55). Therefore, all the parameters of the gradient diffusion strip method were in line with acceptable criteria. For 31 bla KPC , 33 bla NDM , 7 bla IMP , and 2 bla VIM positive isolates, both CA and EA rates were 100%; no MEs or VMEs were detected by either method. For 15 carbapenemase-non-producing resistant isolates, the CA and EA rates of the gradient diffusion strips method were 100%. Whereas the CA rate of the disk diffusion method was 80.00% (12/15), the VME rate was 20.00% (3/15). Conclusion: The gradient diffusion strip method can meet the needs of clinical microbiological laboratories for testing the susceptibility of ceftazidime-avibactam drugs. However, the VME rate > 1.5% (5.45%) by the disk diffusion method. By comparison, the performance of the gradient diffusion strip method was better than that of the disk diffusion method.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 730035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604229

RESUMO

Aptamers are sequences of single-strand oligonucleotides (DNA or RNA) with potential binding capability to specific target molecules, which are increasingly used as agents for analysis, diagnosis, and medical treatment. Aptamers are generated by a selection method named systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX). Numerous SELEX methods have been developed for aptamer selections. However, the conventional SELEX methods still suffer from high labor intensity, low operation efficiency, and low success rate. Thus, the applications of aptamer with desired properties are limited. With their advantages of low cost, high speed, and upgraded extent of automation, microfluidic technologies have become promising tools for rapid and high throughput aptamer selection. This paper reviews current progresses of such microfluidic systems for aptamer selection. Comparisons of selection performances with discussions on principles, structure, operations, as well as advantages and limitations of various microfluidic-based aptamer selection methods are provided.

9.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211048897, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657448

RESUMO

On an international scale, guidelines and proposals for lupus anticoagulant detection have been published over the last 20 years, but until now, standardization has not been completely realized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the different ways of interpreting the results of lupus anticoagulant detection for standardization. A retrospective review of 15 447 instances of lupus anticoagulant detection by the diluted Russell Viper Venom test for female patients presenting with problems relating to the areas of reproduction, gynecology and obstetrics was performed. Lupus anticoagulant data were compared between different departments, months, reagent lots and cutoffs. Significant differences were found in patient data between different reagent lots, especially between lots of screening reagents (monthly average: highest 37.96 s vs lowest 33.88 s) and in the positive rates of lupus anticoagulant by different detection cutoffs (47.58% by using LA1/LA2 > 1.20 without normalization as a cutoff in Lot 1 vs 1.52% by using LA1 > 44 s as a cutoff in Lot 3). Compared with the cutoff using the value above the 99th percentile of LA1 for the healthy donors per lot, the cutoff using integrated tests with normalization had the smaller deviation of positive rate between different reagent lots. Pregnant women had higher LA1/LA2 levels than nonpregnant women. Based on the results, normalization is needed because there are significant lot-to-lot variations. Integrated tests with normalization might be a better standard by which to confirm lupus anticoagulant. Pregnant women should have population-specific cutoffs because they have higher LA1/LA2 levels.

10.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(3): nwaa104, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691586

RESUMO

The electro-optic crystal holds great promise for extensive applications in optoelectronics and optical communication. However, the discovery of novel electro-optic crystals is sporadic due to the difficulties of large-sized crystal growth for electro-optic coefficient measurement. Herein, to address this issue, a high-efficacy evaluation method using accessible powder samples is proposed in which the second-harmonic-generation effect, infrared reflectance spectrum and Raman spectrum are introduced to predict the magnitude of the electro-optic coefficient. The calculated electro-optic coefficients of numerous reported electro-optic crystals through this approach give universal agreement to the experimental values, evidencing the validity of the strategy. Based on this method, CsLiMoO4 is screened as a novel potential electro-optic crystal and a high-quality crystal is grown by the Czochralski technique for electro-optic coefficient measurement using the half-wave voltage method, the result of which is also comparable to the calculated value. Consequently, the evaluation strategy presented here will pave a new way to explore promising electro-optic crystals efficiently.

11.
Cell Metab ; 33(10): 1903-1905, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614405

RESUMO

Accumulation of senescent cells in the bone marrow leads to age-related bone degeneration. Identifying the key senescent cell types and the factors they release that are responsible for skeletal aging is of keen interest. In a new study by Li et al. (2021), it is shown that immune cells, including neutrophils and macrophages, are critical cell types in this aging process, and that they secrete grancalcin to promote such aging.

12.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 1303936, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691165

RESUMO

Timely detection and treatment of possible incipient faults in satellites will effectively reduce the damage and harm they could cause. Although much work has been done concerning fault detection problems, the related questions about satellite incipient faults are little addressed. In this paper, a new satellite incipient fault detection method was proposed by combining the ideas of deviation in unsupervised fault detection methods and classification in supervised fault detection methods. First, the proposed method uses dynamic linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to find an optimal projection vector that separates the in-orbit data from the normal historical data as much as possible. Second, under the assumption that the parameters obey a multidimensional Gaussian distribution, it applies the normal historical data and the optimal projection vector to build a normal model. Finally, it employs the noncentral F-distribution to test whether a fault has occurred. The proposed method was validated using a numerical simulation case and a real satellite fault case. The results show that the method proposed in this paper is more effective at detecting incipient faults than traditional methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Simulação por Computador , Análise Discriminante
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Early diagnosis and timely treatment are essential for effective cancer control and have been widely analyzed in childhood cancer. However, few studies have described the time to diagnosis and treatment in children with ALL. This study investigated delays in diagnosis and treatment initiation and their impact on survival. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 419 patients aged 0 to 14 years at a tertiary hospital between 2011 and 2015. The optimal cutoff values for delays were determined by X-tile software. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models were used to evaluate the impact of delays on survival. RESULTS: The median diagnosis, treatment, and total delays were 21 (interquartile range [IQR]: 11-35), 4 (IQR: 2-7), and 26 (IQR: 16-43) days, respectively. The results of multivariate analyses showed that diagnosis delay, risk stratification, and minimal residual disease level were independent predictors for treatment outcome in childhood ALL. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that a longer time to diagnosis negatively affected the clinical outcome of childhood ALL. Reducing the time to diagnosis could help to improve survival in these patients.

14.
Front Oncol ; 11: 672265, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712604

RESUMO

Objectives: To explore the efficacy of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI)-derived metrics under different models as surrogate indicators for molecular biomarkers and tumor microenvironment in gliomas. Methods: A retrospective study was performed for 41 patients with gliomas. The standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCst) and ADC under ultra-high b values (ADCuh) (b values: 2500 to 5000 s/mm2) were calculated based on monoexponential model. The fraction of fast diffusion (f), pseudo ADC (ADCfast) and true ADC (ADCslow) were calculated by bi-exponential model (b values: 0 to 2000 s/mm2). The apparent diffusional kurtosis (Kapp) was derived from the simplified diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) model (b values: 200 to 3000 s/mm2). Potential correlations between DWI parameters and immunohistological indices (i.e. Aquaporin (AQP)1, AQP4, AQP9 and Ki-67) were investigated and DWI parameters were compared between high- and low-grade gliomas, and between tumor center and peritumor. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated to determine the performance of independent or combined DWI parameters in grading gliomas. Results: The ADCslow and ADCuh at tumor center showed a stronger correlation with Ki-67 than other DWI metrics. The ADCst, ADCslow and ADCuh at tumor center presented correlations with AQP1 and AQP4 while AQP9 did not correlate with any DWI metric. Kapp showed a correlation with Ki-67 while no significant correlation with AQPs. ADCst (p < 0.001) and ADCslow (p = 0.001) were significantly lower while the ADCuh (p = 0.006) and Kapp (p = 0.005) were significantly higher in the high-grade than in the low-grade gliomas. ADCst, f, ADCfast, ADCslow, ADCuh, Kapp at the tumor center had significant differences with those in peritumor when the gliomas grade became high (p < 0.05). Involving ADCuh and Kapp simultaneously into an independent ADCst model (AUC = 0.833) could further improve the grading performance (ADCst+ADCuh+Kapp: AUC = 0.923). Conclusion: Different DWI metrics fitted within different b-value ranges (low to ultra-high b values) have different efficacies as a surrogate indicator for molecular expression or microstructural complexity in gliomas. Further studies are needed to better explain the biological meanings of these DWI parameters in gliomas.

15.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2817-2832, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675506

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem associated with high mortality worldwide. Cigarette smoke (CS) exposure is the main cause of COPD. Glioma pathogenesis-related protein 1 (GLIPR1) plays a key role in cell growth, proliferation, and invasion; however, the role of GLIPR1 in COPD remains unclear. Methods: To clarify the involvement of GLIPR1 in COPD pathogenesis, Glipr1 knockout (Glipr1-/-) mice were generated. Wild-type (WT) and Glipr1-/- mice were challenged with CS for 3 months. To illustrate how GLIPR1 regulates CS-induced airway damage, knockdown experiments targeting GLIPR1 and PLAU, as well as overexpression experiments of PLAU, were performed with human bronchial epithelial cells. Results: Compared with WT mice, Glipr1-/- mice showed exacerbated CS-induced airway damage including lung inflammation, airway wall thickening, and alveolar destruction. After CS exposure, total proteins, total white cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, IL-6, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 increased significantly in lung of Glipr1-/- mice than those in lung of WT mice. Furthermore, in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrated that silencing of GLIPR1 inactivated PLAU/EGFR signaling and promoted caspase-1-dependent pyroptosis (a mode of inflammatory cell death) induced by CS and CS extract exposure, respectively. In vitro experiments further revealed the interaction between GLIPR1 and PLAU, and silencing of PLAU blocked EGFR signaling and promoted pyroptosis, while overexpression of PLAU activated EGFR signaling and reversed pyroptosis. Conclusion: To conclude, GLIPR1 played a pivotal role in COPD pathogenesis and protected against CS-induced inflammatory response and airway damage, including cell pyroptosis, through the PLAU/EGFR signaling. Thus, GLIPR1 may play a potential role in COPD treatment.


Assuntos
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Proteínas de Membrana , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/prevenção & controle , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase
16.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 689533, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490244

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal, X-linked neuromuscular disorder caused by the absence of dystrophin protein, which is essential for muscle fiber integrity. Loss of dystrophin protein leads to recurrent myofiber damage, chronic inflammation, progressive fibrosis, and dysfunction of muscle stem cells. There is still no cure for DMD so far and the standard of care is principally limited to symptom relief through glucocorticoids treatments. Current therapeutic strategies could be divided into two lines. Dystrophin-targeted therapeutic strategies that aim at restoring the expression and/or function of dystrophin, including gene-based, cell-based and protein replacement therapies. The other line of therapeutic strategies aims to improve muscle function and quality by targeting the downstream pathological changes, including inflammation, fibrosis, and muscle atrophy. This review introduces the important developments in these two lines of strategies, especially those that have entered the clinical phase and/or have great potential for clinical translation. The rationale and efficacy of each agent in pre-clinical or clinical studies are presented. Furthermore, a meta-analysis of gene profiling in DMD patients has been performed to understand the molecular mechanisms of DMD.

18.
Entropy (Basel) ; 23(9)2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573817

RESUMO

Detection of faults at the incipient stage is critical to improving the availability and continuity of satellite services. The application of a local optimum projection vector and the Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence can improve the detection rate of incipient faults. However, this suffers from the problem of high time complexity. We propose decomposing the KL divergence in the original optimization model and applying the property of the generalized Rayleigh quotient to reduce time complexity. Additionally, we establish two distribution models for subfunctions F1(w) and F3(w) to detect the slight anomalous behavior of the mean and covariance. The effectiveness of the proposed method was verified through a numerical simulation case and a real satellite fault case. The results demonstrate the advantages of low computational complexity and high sensitivity to incipient faults.

19.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 265: 203-211, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish if low maternal selenium (Se) was associated with sPTB in women with recurrent sPTB and identify genetic link with maternal Se levels. DESIGN: Nested case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary Maternity Hospital. POPULATION: Plasma and whole blood from pregnant women with history of early sPTB/PPROM < 34+0 and European ancestry were obtained at 20 weeks (range 15-24 weeks). 'Cases' were recurrent PTB/PPROM < 34+0 weeks and term (≥37+0) deliveries were classified as 'high-risk controls.' Women with previous term births and index birth ≥ 39 weeks were 'low-risk controls'. METHODS: Maternal plasma Se measured by ICP-MS was used as a continuous phenotype in a GWAS analysis. Se was added to a logistic regression model using PTB predictor variables. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal Se concentration, recurrent early sPTB/PPROM. RESULTS: 53/177 high-risk women had a recurrent sPTB/PPROM < 34+0weeks and were 2.7 times more likely to have a Se level < 83.3 ppm at 20weeks of pregnancy compared with low-risk term controls (n = 179), (RR 2.7, 95%CI 1.5-4.8; p = .001). One SNP from a non-coding region (FOXN3 intron variant, rs55793422) reached genome-wide significance level (p = 3.73E-08). Targeted analysis of Se gene variant did not show difference between preterm and term births. (χ2 test, OR = 0.95; 95%CI = 0.59-1.56; p = 0.82). When Se levels were added to a clinical prediction model, only an additional 5% of cases (n = 3) and 0.6% (n = 1) of controls were correctly identified. CONCLUSIONS: Low plasma Se is associated with sPTB risk but is not sufficiently predictive at individual patient level. We did not find a genetic association between maternal Se levels and Se-related genes.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Selênio , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/genética , Prognóstico
20.
Biomaterials ; 277: 121083, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488121

RESUMO

Tendon injuries are one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that cause considerable morbidity and significantly compromise the patients' quality of life. The innate limited regenerative capacity of tendon poses a substantial treating challenge for clinicians. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of small non-coding RNAs that play a vital role in orchestrating many biological processes through post-transcriptional regulation. Increasing evidence reveals that miRNA-based therapeutics may serve as an innovative strategy for the treatment of tendon pathologies. In this review, we briefly present miRNA biogenesis, the role of miRNAs in tendon cell biology and their involvement in tendon injuries, followed by a summary of current miRNA-based approaches in tendon tissue engineering with a special focus on attenuating post-injury fibrosis. Next, we discuss the advantages of miRNA-functionalized scaffolds in achieving sustained and localized miRNA administration to minimize off-target effects, and thus hoping to inspire the development of effective miRNA delivery platforms specifically for tendon tissue engineering. We envision that advancement in miRNA-based therapeutics will herald a new era of tendon tissue engineering and pave a way for clinical translation for the treatments of tendon disorders.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos dos Tendões/genética , Traumatismos dos Tendões/terapia , Tendões , Engenharia Tecidual
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