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1.
Blood Purif ; : 1-8, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prepump arterial (Pa) pressure indicates the ease or difficulty with which the blood pump can draw blood from the vascular access (VA) during hemodialysis. Some studies have suggested that the absolute value of the Pa pressure to the extracorporeal blood pump flow (Qb) ratio set on the machine (|Pa/Qb|) can reflect the dysfunction of VA. This study was conducted to explore the impact of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) dysfunction and to explore the clinical reference value of |Pa/Qb|. METHODS: We retrospectively identified adults who underwent hemodialysis at 3 hospitals. Data were acquired from electronic health records. We evaluated the pattern of the association between |Pa/Qb| and AVF dysfunction during 1 year using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with restricted cubic splines. Then, the patients were grouped based on the results, and hazard ratios were compared for different intervals of |Pa/Qb|. RESULTS: A total of 490 patients were analyzed, with an average age of 55 (44, 66) years. There were a total of 85 cases of AVF dysfunction, of which 50 cases were stenosis and 35 cases were thrombosis. There was a U-shaped association between |Pa/Qb| and the risk of AVF dysfunction (p for nonlinearity <0.001). |Pa/Qb| values <0.30 and >0.52 increased the risk of AVF dysfunction. Compared with the group with a |Pa/Qb| value between 0.30 and 0.52, the groups with |Pa/Qb| <0.30 and |Pa/Qb| >0.52 had a 4.04-fold (p = 0.002) and 3.41-fold (p < 0.001) greater risk of AVF dysfunction, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The appropriate range of |Pa/Qb| is between 0.30 and 0.52. When |Pa/Qb| is <0.30 or >0.52, the patient's AVF function or Qb setting should be reevaluated to prevent subsequent failure.

2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 2053-2061, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636658

RESUMO

Purpose: Although immune dysfunction has been investigated in adult septic patients, early immune status remains unclear. In this study, our primary aim was to assess early immune status in adult patients with sepsis stratified by age and its relevance to hospital mortality. Patients and Methods: A post hoc analysis of a multicenter, randomized controlled trial was conducted; 273 patients whose immune status was evaluated within 48 hours after onset of sepsis were enrolled. Early immune status was evaluated by the percentage of monocyte human leukocyte antigen-DR (mHLA-DR) in total monocytes within 48 hours after onset of sepsis and it was classified as immunoparalysis (mHLA-DR ≤30%) or non-immunoparalysis (>30%). Three logistic regression models were conducted to explore the associations between early immunoparalysis and hospital mortality. We also developed two sensitivity analyses to find out whether the definition of early immune status (24 hours vs 48 hours after onset of sepsis) and immunotherapy affect the primary outcome. Results: Of the 181 elderly (≥60yrs) and 92 non-elderly (<60yrs) septic patients, 71 (39.2%) and 25 (27.2%) died in hospital, respectively. The percentage of early immunoparalysis in the elderly was twice of that in the non-elderly patients (32% vs 16%, p=0.006). For the elderly, hospital mortality was higher in the immunoparalysis ones than the non-immunoparalysis ones (53.4% vs 32.5%, p=0.009). But there was no significant difference in hospital mortality between immunoparalysis non-elderly patients and non-immunoparalysis non-elderly ones (33.5% vs 26.0%, p=0.541). By means of logistic regression models, we found that early immunoparalysis was independently associated with increased hospital mortality in elderly, but not in non-elderly patients. Sensitivity analysis further confirmed the definition of early immune status and immunotherapy did not affect the outcomes. Conclusion: The elderly were more susceptible to early immunoparalysis after onset of sepsis. Early immunoparalysis was independently associated with poor prognosis in elderly, but not in non-elderly patients.

3.
J Vasc Access ; 21(6): 938-944, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345102

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prepump arterial pressure (Pa) indicates the ease or difficulty with which the blood pump can draw blood from vascular access (inflow) during hemodialysis. The absolute prepump arterial pressure to blood pump speed (Qb) ratio (|Pa/Qb|) may reflect the dysfunction of other vascular accesses. There is no consensus on the impact of |Pa/Qb| on arteriovenous fistula dysfunction. This study aimed to demonstrate the impact of |Pa/Qb| on arteriovenous fistula dysfunction. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 490 hemodialysis patients with arteriovenous fistula from three hospitals were enrolled. Data were extracted from the I-Diapro database and hospital case systems. The absolute values for |Pa/Qb| and other data collected in the first month of enrollment were used to predict arteriovenous fistula dysfunction and determine the |Pa/Qb| cutoff value. Based on this value, patients were grouped, and 1-year arteriovenous fistula function was analyzed. Patients were followed until arteriovenous fistula dysfunction, until access type replacement, or for 12 months. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for fistula dysfunction over 1 year was 0.65, with an optimal |Pa/Qb| value, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.499, 60.7%, and 72.6%, respectively. |Pa/Qb| > 0.499 was associated with earlier intervention (317.37 ± 7.68 vs 345.96 ± 3.64 days), lower survival (p < 0.001), and a 3.26-fold greater risk of arteriovenous fistula dysfunction (p < 0.001) than |Pa/Qb| ⩽ 0.499. CONCLUSIONS: |Pa/Qb| was an independent risk factor for arteriovenous fistula dysfunction. Nurses should emphasize |Pa/Qb| monitoring and properly set blood pump speed according to this ratio to protect arteriovenous fistula function. |Pa/Qb| > 0.499 might be a predictive measure of arteriovenous fistula dysfunction.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Nefropatias/terapia , Diálise Renal/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
4.
PLoS One ; 11(9): e0162589, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27622453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and side effects of parecoxib during patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) after abdominal hysterectomy. METHODS: A total of 240 patients who were scheduled for elective abdominal hysterectomy under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia received PCEA plus postoperative intravenous parecoxib 40 mg or saline every 12 h for 48 h after an initial preoperative dose of parecoxib 40 mg or saline. An epidural loading dose of a mixture of 6 mL of 0.25% ropivacaine and 2 mg morphine was administered 30 min before the end of surgery, and PCEA was initiated using 1.25 mg/mL ropivacaine and 0.05 mg/mL morphine with a 2-mL/h background infusion and 2-mL bolus with a 15-min lockout. The primary end point of this study was the quantification of the PCEA-sparing effect of parecoxib. RESULTS: Demographic data were similar between the two groups. Patients in the parecoxib group received significantly fewer self-administrated boluses (0 (0, 3) vs. 7 (2, 15), P < 0.001) and less epidural morphine (5.01 ± 0.44 vs. 5.95 ± 1.29 mg, P < 0.001) but experienced greater pain relief compared with the control group (P < 0.001). Patient global satisfaction was higher in the parecoxib group than the control group (P < 0.001). Length of hospitalization (9.50 ± 2.1, 95% CI 9.12~9.88 vs. 10.41 ± 2.6, 95% CI 9.95~10.87, P = 0.003) and postoperative vomiting (17% vs. 29%, P < 0.05) were also reduced in the parecoxib group. There were no serious adverse effects in either group. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that adjunctive parecoxib during PCEA following abdominal hysterectomy is safe and efficacious in reducing pain, requirements of epidural analgesics, and side effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01566669).


Assuntos
Analgesia Epidural/métodos , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Histerectomia/métodos , Isoxazóis/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Amidas/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Ropivacaina , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Surg ; 21: 14-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26184995

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of hypothermia under general anesthesia in a large domestic hospital. METHOD: All of the consecutive 1840 patients who underwent scheduled surgery between August and December 2013 were admitted to the study. The nasopharyngeal temperature was measured, and the following variables were also recorded: sex, age, type of surgery, duration of anesthesia, active warming devices and type of operating room. Univariate and multiple regression binary logistic analyses with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the relationship between each clinical risk factor and hypothermia. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypothermia under general anesthesia was 25.7%. In the univariate analysis, the risk factors of hypothermia were age, the duration of anesthesia, the type of operating room and the type of surgery. Sex was not included. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the significant risk factors of hypothermia were advanced age, laminar airflow operating rooms and general surgeries. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative hypothermia is still common and should therefore receive serious attention. Advanced age, the use of a laminar airflow operating room and general surgeries are high risk factors of hypothermia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Hipotermia/etiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/provisão & distribução , Adolescente , Adulto , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipotermia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
6.
BMC Public Health ; 11: 693, 2011 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21899764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many injection drug users (IDUs) in China have high risk sexual behaviors that contribute to the spread of HIV infection. Although many IDUs in China move through drug rehabilitation centers, this opportunity for sexual health education has largely been overlooked. METHODS: A convenience sample of 667 drug users from two rehabilitation centers in South China was recruited in the study. Two hundred and forty seven drug users from a single Guangdong Province rehabilitation center received the peer-based education intervention, while 420 drug users from another rehabilitation center received routine HIV/STI education and was used as the control. One hundred and eighty nine (22.1%) individuals refused to participate in the study. HIV/STI behavioral and knowledge domains were assessed at 3 months in rehabilitation centers after the intervention (first follow-up) and at 2-23 months in the community after release (second follow-up). RESULTS: Drug users who completed the intervention reported more frequent condom use with casual sex partners (60.0% vs. 12.5% condom use every time, p = 0.011) and less frequent injection (56.7% vs. 26.4% no injection per day, p = 0.008) at the second follow-up compared to those in the routine education group. Loss to follow up was substantial in both control and intervention groups, and was associated with living far from the detention center and having poor HIV knowledge at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that rehabilitation centers may be a useful location for providing behavioral HIV/STI prevention services and referral of individuals to community-based programs upon release. More research is needed on behalf of detained drug users in China who have complex social, medical, and legal needs.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Grupo Associado , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Adulto , China , Usuários de Drogas , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Sexo Seguro , Comportamento Sexual , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias , Adulto Jovem
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