Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Front Oncol ; 10: 585738, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194734

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the predictive value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameters in treatment response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for locally advanced cervical squamous cell carcinoma (LACSC). Methods and materials: LACSC patients underwent CCRT had DCE-MRI before (e0) and after 3 days of treatment (e3). Extended Tofts Linear model with a user arterial input function was adopted to generate quantitative measurements. Endothelial transfer constant (Ktrans), reflux rate (Kep), fractional extravascular extracellular space volume (Ve), and fractional plasma volume (Vp) were calculated, and percentage changes ΔKtrans, ΔKep, ΔVe, and ΔVp were computed. The correlations of these measurements with the tumor regression rate were analyzed. The predictive value of these parameters on treatment outcome was generated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to find the independent variables. Results: Ktrans-e0, Kep -e0, ΔKtrans, and ΔVe were positively correlated with the tumor regression rate. Mean values of Ktrans-e0, Ktrans-e3, ΔKtrans, and ΔVe were higher in the non-residual tumor group than residual tumor group and were independent prognostic factors for predicting residual tumor occurrence. Ktrans-e3 showed the highest area under the curve (AUC) for treatment response prediction. Conclusions: Quantitative parameters at e0 and e3 from DCE-MRI could be used as potential indicators for predicting treatment response of LACSC.

2.
BMC Med Imaging ; 20(1): 97, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To testify whether multi-b-values diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be used to ultra-early predict treatment response of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in cervical cancer patients and to assess the predictive ability of concerning parameters. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with biopsy proved cervical cancer were retrospectively recruited in this study. All patients underwent pelvic multi-b-values DWI before and at the 3rd day during treatment. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion coefficient (Dslow), perfusion-related pseudo-diffusion coefficient (Dfast), perfusion fraction (f), distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC) and intravoxel diffusion heterogeneity index(α) were generated by mono-exponential, bi-exponential and stretched exponential models. Treatment response was assessed based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1) at 1 month after the completion of whole CCRT. Parameters were compared using independent t test or Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was used for statistical evaluations. RESULTS: ADC-T0 (p = 0.02), Dslow-T0 (p <  0.01), DDC-T0 (p = 0.03), ADC-T1 (p <  0.01), Dslow-T1 (p <  0.01), ΔADC (p = 0.04) and Δα (p <  0.01) were significant lower in non-CR group patients. ROC analyses showed that ADC-T1 and Δα exhibited high prediction value, with area under the curves of 0.880 and 0.869, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multi-b-values DWI can be used as a noninvasive technique to assess and predict treatment response in cervical cancer patients at the 3rd day of CCRT. ADC-T1 and Δα can be used to differentiate good responders from poor responders.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2036-2041, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495550

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata is a kind of precious traditional Chinese medicine. In artificial cultivation, it has not got rid of its dependence on forest resources. In order to maintain the balance of the ecological system and reduce the waste of resources as much as possible, based on the information from field investigation at many places, this paper introduced the new ecological circulation planting patterns of G. elata, such as "forest-G. elata" supporting planting, G. elata-edible mushroom rotation, forest-G. elata-edible mushroom three-dimensional planting, fungus material classification planting technology, and so on. In this paper, we expounded the ecological problems solved by several planting patterns in G. elata production and analyzed their shortcomings. Finally, based on the exis-ting models, a complete ecological planting system of G. elata was summarized. This planting system emphasizes: ① The follow-up forests should be started before the planting of G. elata. And the economic forests were used to cultivation of G. elata. ② The classified utilization of fungus-growing materials. The leaves were used to cultivate germination bacteria of G. elata, the small branches were used to cultivate protocorm and juvenile tuber, the large branches were used to cultivate immature tuber, and the tree trunk was used to cultivate mature tuber. ③ Recycle utilization G. elata fungus material. The old fungus materials were used to produce strains or cultivate edible fungus. This design project not only solves the problems of the source of G. elata fungus material, the efficient utilization of fungus material and land resources, but also enriches the industrial structure. Using limited time and land resources to obtain greater economic benefits. It has certain guiding significance for poverty alleviation and ecological improvement.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Gastrodia , Bactérias , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tubérculos
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 457-462, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237500

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata is a kind of precious traditional Chinese medicine. In the process of cultivation of G. elata, due to the influence of continuous cropping obstacles and other factors, the fungus materials and land that have been planted with G. elata are often abandoned, resulting in a great waste of resources. Based on the planting characteristics of G. elata and Phallus impudicus and the previous research experience in ecological agriculture, this paper analyzed the ecological adaptability characteristics of G. elata and P. impudicus, and summarized the key techniques of the G. elata-P. impudicus sequential planting pattern. Keeping track of the planting area, fungus-growing materials consumption and market sales of G. elata-P. impudicus sequential planting pattern, the ecological benefits of G. elata-P. impudicus sequential planting pattern from the aspects of utilization rate of fungus-growing materials were analyzed, the value of land resources per unit area, ecological environmental protection, labor cost and economic benefits were consi-dered. The technical principle of G. elata-P. impudicus sequential planting pattern was expounded according to their ecological habit, the season of harvest and planting, the difference of composition of fungus-growing materials, and the microbial ecology. The sequential planting pattern of G. elata-P. impudicus not only realized the double production of medicinal materials and edible fungi, reduced the waste of old fungus-growing materials, but also transformed the energy from nutrition-supplied fungi to edible and medicinal fungi, which guaranteed the ecological recycling and utilization of G. elata in the process of cultivation.


Assuntos
Agaricales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agricultura/métodos , Gastrodia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 463-471, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237501

RESUMO

Gastrodia elata is a heterotrophic plant that needed to be symbiotic with Armillaria. The obstacle of continuous cropping in G. elata is serious during the G. elata cultivation, and the mechanism of obstacle in G. elata continuous cropping had not been solved. The planting of G. elata-Phallus impudicus is a new sequential planting pattern adopted in Guizhou province, but the effect of the cultivation on soil microbial community structure is still unclear. In this study, we collected four soil samples for the research including the soil without planted G. elata as control(CK), rhizosphere soil samples tightly adhering to the G. elata surface(GE), rhizosphere soil samples tightly adhering to Armillaria which was symbiotic with G. elata(AGE), the rhizosphere soil of P. impudicus planting after G. elata cultivation(PI). In order to explore the mechanism, the research study on the soil of G. elata-P. impudicus by using ITS and 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing technologies to detect soil microbial community structure including fungi and bacteria in the soil of CK, AGE, GE and PI. OTU clustering and PCA analysis of soil samples showed that the soil microbial diversity was relatively similar in AGE and GE. And the soil microbial in PI and CK clustered together. The results showed that AGE and GE had similar soil microbial diversity, as well as PI and CK. Compared with CK, the soil microbial diversity and abundance in AGE and GE were significantly increased. But the microbial diversity and abundance decreased in PI compared with AGE and GE. The annotation indicated that the abundance of Basidiomycota, Acidobacteria and Chloroflexi decreased, and that of Ascomycota, Zygomycota and Proteobacteria increased in AGE and GE compared with CK. In contrast to AGE and GE, PI was the opposite. The abundance of Basidiomycota, Acidobacteria and Chloroflexi increased in PI compared with AGE and GE. The abundance of microorganisms in the soil of PI and CK was similar. In addition, the co-culture of Armillaria and P. impudicus indicated that P. impudicus had obvious antagonistic effects on the growth of Armillaria. Therefore, it is speculated that the mechanism of G. elata-P. impudicus planting pattern related to the change of soil microbial. And we supposed that P. impudicus might inhibit the growth of Armillaria and change the soil microbial community structure and the abundance of soil microbial. And the soil microbial community structure was restored to a state close to that of uncultivated G. elata. Thus, the structure of soil microbial community planting G. elata could be restored by P. impudicus planting.


Assuntos
Agaricales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gastrodia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microbiota , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias/classificação , Fungos/classificação , Gastrodia/microbiologia , Rizosfera
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 472-477, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237502

RESUMO

The phenomenon that waste of fungus-growing materials in the planting process of Gastrodia elata is very common. It has been proved by practice that the used fungus-growing materials planted with G. elata can be used to plant Phallus impudicus. But the mechanism is unclear. In this study, we compared the different infested-capacity of Armillaria gallica and Phallus impudicus by morphological anatomy of the used fungus-growing materials. We also compared the differences on the two fungi consumed the main contents of fungus-growing materials, cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose, by using nitric acid-95% ethanol method, sulfuric acid method and tetrabromide method respectively, so that to explore the mechanism of A. gallica and P. impudicus recycle the fungus-growing materials, and to provide scientific basis for recycling the used fungus-growing materials of G. elata. The results showed that A. gallica had a strong ability to invade some parts outside the vascular cambium, but it had a weak ability to invade some parts inside the vascular cambium, while P. impudicus had a strong ability to invade the same parts. The contents of lignin and cellulose, which from inside and outside the vascular cambium of fungus-growing materials were significantly different. In the parts of outside the vascular cambium of fungus-growing materials, A. gallica degraded more lignin and cellulose, while P. impudicus degraded more hemicellulose. In the parts of inside the vascular cambium of fungus-growing materials, A. gallica degraded more cellulose, while P. impudicus degraded more hemicellulose. The present results suggested that A. gallica and P. impudicus made differential utilization of the carbon source in the fungus-growing materials to realize that P. impudicus recycle the used fungus-growing materials of G. elata. A. gallica used lignin and cellulose as the main carbon source, while P. impudicus used hemicellulose as the main carbon source.


Assuntos
Agaricales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Armillaria/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Celulose/metabolismo , Lignina/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 478-484, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237503

RESUMO

Fungal disease is an important factor restricting the healthy development of Gastrodia elata industry. The control of fungal disease in G. elata is an important issue in production. This paper makes a detailed investigation on the current situation of G. elata disease in China through statistics on the failure rate, rotten pit rate and occurrence rate of G. elata disease in the main producing areas of China. It was found that G. elata disease was mainly infected from the top bud and junction, causing the occurrence rate of disease was 6%-17%, and the yield decreased by 10%-30%. The 23 dominant fungi were isolated from 18 typical G. elata disease samples. Through identification of colony morphology, mycelium morphology, spore morphology and genetic characteristics, they were finally identified as 13 species, belonging to 7 families and 7 genera. Trichoderma harzianum, Ilyonectria sp. and Ilyonectria destructans are the most frequently separated. Their isolation frequency were 22.22%,16.67%,16.67% respectively. Ilyonectria sp. and I. destructans were the first time isolated from G. elata disease samples. They may be the main pathogens causing soil-borne diseases of G. elata. T. harzianum has certain potential as Gastrodia biocontrol bacteria. This study can provide a theoretical basis for the research and development of control technology of Gastrodia fungi disease.


Assuntos
Fungos/patogenicidade , Gastrodia/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , China , Fungos/classificação
8.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(13): 5826-5833, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the insufficient ruminal synthesis of folic acid (FA), the higher degradability of FA, and the reduction of sodium selenite (SS) by ruminal microbes into non-absorbable elemental Se, this study evaluated the effects of rumen-protected FA (RPFA) and rumen-protected SS (RPSS) on lactation performance, nutrient digestion and blood metabolites in dairy cows. RESULTS: Dry matter (DM) intake and milk composition were unaltered, milk and milk fat yields were higher for both supplements, and milk protein yield was higher for RPFA addition. Digestibility of DM, neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre was higher for both supplements, whereas that of organic matter and crude protein was higher for RPFA addition. Ruminal pH and ammonia N were lower, and concentration of total volatile fatty acids was higher for both supplements. Activity of cellobiase and xylanase was higher for RPFA addition, whereas that of pectinase and protease was higher for both supplements. The populations of total ruminal fungi, protozoa, Ruminococcus flavefaciens and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens were higher for both supplements. The RPFA × RPSS interaction was significant for α-amylase activity, total ruminal bacteria and R. albus populations; these three variables were increased by RPSS but the increase was greater when cows were also fed RPFA. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that addition of RPFA or RPSS improved lactation performance, nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation in dairy cows by stimulating ruminal microbial growth and enzyme activity. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Rúmen/metabolismo , Selenito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Amônia/metabolismo , Animais , Bovinos/microbiologia , Digestão , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Feminino , Fermentação , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Lactação , Leite/química , Leite/metabolismo , Rúmen/microbiologia , Selenito de Sódio/metabolismo
9.
J Contemp Brachytherapy ; 11(1): 41-47, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911309

RESUMO

Purpose: This study is aimed to compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters and clinical pathological factors (CPF) of residual tumor group with non-residual tumor group in cervical cancer (CC) patients during concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), and thus to establish a biomarker for individualized treatment strategy. Material and methods: From May 2014 to November 2015, 164 CC patients were included in this retrospective study. T2-weighted MRI was performed at pre-treatment (week-0), the completion of external radiotherapy (RT) (week-4), and one month after the completion of CCRT, using 3.0T MR scanner with regular pelvic coil. Mean signal intensity and tumor size on T2WI images were measured and calculated for each tumor, and lumbar 4-5 intervertebral disc at week-0 and week-4. All patients subsequently underwent routine follow-up, including periodic clinical and imaging examinations when necessary. Receiver operator characteristics (ROC) analysis were conducted to determine cut-off values. Results: The residual tumor group showed a higher Δ tumor-to-disc signal intensity ratio (ΔTDR) than non-residual tumor group (0.78 ± 0.30 vs. 0.48 ± 0.19, t = 3.42, p < 0.05). The biomarker of combined MRI parameter and CPF showed the highest diagnostic performance than single MRI parameter or CPF alone. Conclusions: MRI parameter ΔTDR may be an independent prognostic factor for predicting residual tumor occurrence in CC after CCRT treatment. The combination of MRI parameter and CPF can serve as a valuable biomarker to distinguish CC with higher possibility of residual tumor occurrence.

10.
Tumour Biol ; 36(12): 9807-12, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26159853

RESUMO

Eosinophil granule ontogeny transcript (EGOT) is a long noncoding RNA involved in the regulation of eosinophil granule protein transcript expression. However, little is known about the role of EGOT in malignant disease. This study aimed to assess the potential role of EGOT in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression levels of EGOT in 250 breast cancerous tissues and 50 adjacent noncancerous tissues. The correlation of EGOT expression with clinicopathological features and prognosis was also analyzed. EGOT expression was lower in breast cancer compared with the adjacent noncancerous tissues (P < 0.001), and low levels of EGOT expression were significantly correlated with larger tumor size (P = 0.022), more lymph node metastasis (P = 0.020), and higher Ki-67 expression (P = 0.017). Moreover, patients with low levels of EGOT expression showed significantly worse prognosis for overall survival (P = 0.040), and this result was further validated in a larger cohort from a public database. Multivariate analysis suggested that low levels of EGOT were a poor independent prognostic predictor for breast cancer patients (HR = 1.857, 95 % CI = 1.032-3.340, P = 0.039). In conclusion, EGOT may play an important role in breast cancer progression and prognosis and may serve as a new potential prognostic target in breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
11.
Arch Virol ; 160(8): 2043-50, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26071245

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is involved in the initiation and progression of liver fibrosis by regulating genes encoding host proteins. However, the underlying mechanism of HCV-induced liver fibrosis is still to be determined. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were performed to investigate the effect of HCV infection on the expression of the cellular microRNA miR-16 and its target genes encoding hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Smad7 in patients infected with HCV and in a liver cell line, QSG-7701, transfected with Ad-HCV, a recombinant adenovirus construct for expression of the HCV core protein. Regulation of HGF and Smad7 expression by miR-16 was assessed using luciferase reporter construct assays and miR-16 mimic transfection. Interferon-α (IFN-α) was used to verify the alteration of gene expression induced by HCV in QSG-7701 cells. Here, we found that miR-16 levels were increased in patients with HCV infection and were correlated with HGF and Smad7 expression levels in patients with HCV infection. Furthermore, HGF and Smad7 were predicted by bioinformatics analysis to be targets of miR-16. Upregulation of miR-16 and decreased HGF and Smad7 expression were still shown in QSG-7701 cells infected with Ad-HCV. Additionally, interferon-α (IFN-α) could reverse the changes in gene expression induced by HCV infection. These results suggest that the upregulation of miR-16 expression induced by HCV infection is a novel mechanism that contributes to downregulation of HGF and Smad7 in the development of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C/complicações , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Smad7/genética , Adulto , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C/genética , Hepatite C/metabolismo , Hepatite C/virologia , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína Smad7/metabolismo
12.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 296(11): 1708-16, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24591127

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in the world and metastasis is an essential aspect of HCC progression. Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) has been implicated as a potential suppressor gene to regulate tumor invasion and metastasis. In this study, we silenced TFPI-2 in the HCC cell line MHCC97-L and evaluated the role of TFPI-2 in cell invasion and its impact on gene expression. We showed in this study that stable TFPI-2 downregulation in MHCC97-L cells resulted in increased cell adhesion and invasion. We also showed that mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP-1/3, CD44, and ICAM-1 were increased, while those of MMP-2/9 were not changed by TFPI-2 silencing. Furthermore, silencing of TFPI-2 caused increased Akt phosphorylation level and NF-κB transcription in MHCC97-L cells. In conclusion, this study confirms that TFPI-2 downregulation can contribute to tumor invasion of HCC cells through alteration in the expression of metastasis-related genes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Glicoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicoproteínas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/fisiopatologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia
13.
Oncol Lett ; 4(4): 847-851, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23205112

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is diagnosed in more than half a million individuals worldwide every year. It is often invasive and metastatic, resulting in a poor prognosis. Our knowledge of the genomic alterations implicated in HCC initiation and progression is fragmentary, and few molecular alterations unique to HCC are known. We performed whole-exome sequencing for a pleomorphic cell-type HCC tissue and matched normal tissue, and uncovered seven non-synonymous somatic variants in SPATA21, PPCS, CDH12, OR1L3, PCK2, HUWE1 and PHF16. These variants were validated by PCR and sequencing, with the exception of that in PPCS. We further performed a bioinformatics analysis of the six validated variants. The results suggested that the function of the proteins of the three mutated genes, PCK2, HUWE1 and PHF16, may be changed significantly. Among these genes, PCK2, within the insulin signaling pathway, and HUWE1, within the ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis pathway, may be essential for cell proliferation. These pathways are known to be important for hepatocarcinogenesis. Hence, we suggest that PCK2 and HUWE1 are associated with carcinoma cell proliferation in HCC.

14.
Pharmacol Rep ; 63(2): 417-22, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21602596

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of norepinephrine (NE) and phentolamine on the electrical activities of pain-excited neurons (PENs) and pain-inhibited neurons (PINs) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of Wistar rats. Trains of electric pulses applied to the right sciatic nerve were used to provide noxious stimulation, and the discharges of PENs and PINs were recorded using a glass microelectrode. Our results revealed that in response to noxious stimulation, NE decreases the evoked discharge frequency of PENs and increases the evoked discharge frequency of PINs in the NAc of healthy rats, whereas phentolamine produced opposite responses. These results demonstrate that NE is involved in the modulation of nociceptive information transmission in the NAc.


Assuntos
Neurônios/metabolismo , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo , Dor/fisiopatologia , Animais , Estimulação Elétrica , Feminino , Masculino , Microeletrodos , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Fentolamina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Nervo Isquiático/metabolismo
15.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 55(2): 888-94, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21098256

RESUMO

An increased CD8(+) T cell response to hepatitis B virus (HBV) peptides occurs between 12 and 24 weeks after starting antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B. It is not known whether these cells have antiviral function. The aim of this study was to determine whether clonal expansions of CD8(+) T cells at these time points predict the virological response to therapy. Peripheral blood CD8(+) T cells were obtained from 20 patients treated with lamivudine or telbivudine for chronic hepatitis B at baseline, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks. The CDR3 spectratype of each T cell receptor (TCR) ß chain variable region (Vß) gene family was analyzed, and the changes in the numbers of Vß families with clonal expansions were compared in subjects with (n = 12) and without (n = 8) a virological response (52 week HBV DNA < 300 copies/ml). The number of CD8(+) TCR Vß families with clonal expansions at 12 weeks relative to baseline (median [10th to 90th percentile], +2.5 [0 to +7] versus +1 [0 to +2], P = 0.03) and at 24 weeks relative to 12 weeks (+1 [0 to +2] versus -1 [-3 to +4], P = 0.006) was higher in subjects with a virological response versus subjects without a virological response, as were interleukin-2 (IL-2) but not IL-21 mRNA levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The duration of new expansions at 12 weeks was higher (P < 0.0001) in responders. Increased numbers of CD8(+) T cell expansions after antiviral therapy are associated with a virological response to treatment. These CD8(+) T cells are a potential target for a therapeutic vaccine for chronic hepatitis B.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Nucleosídeos/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinonas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/química , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/metabolismo , Telbivudina , Timidina/análogos & derivados , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Neurosci Lett ; 480(1): 59-63, 2010 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20553996

RESUMO

Norepinephrine (NE) participates in pain modulation of the central nervous system. The caudate putamen (CPu) is one region of the basal ganglia that has been demonstrated to be involved in nociceptive perception. Our previous work has shown that microinjection of different doses of norepinephrine into the CPu produces opposing effects in the tail-flick latency (TFL) of rats. However, the mechanism of action of NE on the pain-related neurons in the CPu remains unclear. The present study examined the effects of NE and the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine on the pain-evoked response of pain-excitation neurons (PENs) and pain-inhibition neurons (PINs) in the CPu of rats. Trains of electric impulses were used for noxious stimulation, and were applied to the sciatic nerve. The electrical activities of pain-related neurons in the CPu were recorded by a glass microelectrode. The results revealed that intra-CPu microinjection of NE (8microg/2microl) increased evoked firing frequency of PEN and shortened the firing latency, but decreased the evoked firing frequency of PIN and prolonged the inhibitory duration (ID). Intra-CPu administration of phentolamine (4microg/2microl) showed the opposite effects. The above results suggest that NE in the CPu modulates nociception by affecting the baseline firing rates of PENs and PINs.


Assuntos
Neurônios/fisiologia , Norepinefrina/fisiologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Putamen/fisiopatologia , Potenciais de Ação , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa/farmacologia , Animais , Estimulação Elétrica , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Microinjeções , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Fentolamina/farmacologia , Putamen/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Nervo Isquiático/fisiopatologia
17.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 18(3): 184-8, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20380794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of CDR3 of TCRbeta on CD8+ T cells in chronic hepatitis B patients. METHODS: Eight patients with chronic hepatitis B (ALT more than 2 ULN) were enrolled in this study. CD8+ T cells were isolated from peripheral blood. RT-PCR was proformed to amplify the CDR3 of TCRbeta, and the PCR products were sequenced and analyzed. RESULTS: The chronic hepatitis B patients showed obvious clonal expansion of T cell, and three perturbation patterns of T cell expansion were showed in the CDR3 of TCRbeta, including monoclonicity, oligoclonicity and skewed peak patterns. The number of perturbation families of CD8+ subpopulation was significantly higher than that of CD8- subpopulation (10.6+/-4.7 vs. 4.1+/-3.1, t = 6.619, P less than 0.01). In 3 out of 8 patients, the number of perturbation families of CD8+ subpopulation was also higher than that of PBMCs without depleting CD8+ subpopulation. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of CDR3 of TCRbeta may help to understand the inflammatory response in CHB patients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Genes Codificadores da Cadeia beta de Receptores de Linfócitos T , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 395(3): 407-11, 2010 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20382122

RESUMO

Dizocilpine maleate (MK-801) causes the blockage of the glutamic acid (Glu) receptors in the central nervous system that are involved in pain transmission. However, the mechanism of action of MK-801 in pain-related neurons is not clear, and it is still unknown whether Glu is involved in the modulation of this processing. This study examines the effect of MK-801, Glu on the pain-evoked response of pain-excitation neurons (PENs) and pain-inhibition neurons (PINs) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats. The trains of electric impulses applied to the sciatic nerve were used as noxious stimulation. The electrical activities of PENs or PINs in NAc were recorded by a glass microelectrode. Our results revealed that the lateral ventricle injection of Glu increased the discharged frequency and shortened the discharged latency of PEN, and decreased the discharged frequency and prolonged the discharged inhibitory duration (ID) of PIN in NAc of rats evoked by the noxious stimulation, while intra-NAc administration of MK-801 produced the opposite response. On the basis of above findings we can deduce that Glu, MK-801 and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor are involved in the modulation of nociceptive information transmission in NAc.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/farmacologia , Maleato de Dizocilpina/farmacologia , Ácido Glutâmico/fisiologia , Núcleo Accumbens/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor/fisiopatologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/fisiologia , Transmissão Sináptica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Masculino , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/fisiologia , Núcleo Accumbens/citologia , Núcleo Accumbens/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Neurosci Lett ; 471(2): 125-8, 2010 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20093167

RESUMO

It has been proven that norepinephrine (NE) regulates antinociception through its action on alpha-adrenoceptors located in brain nuclei, spinal cord, and peripheral organs. However, the supraspinal mechanism of noradrenergic pain modulation is controversial. The present study was aimed at investigating the nociceptive effects induced by injecting different doses of NE and phentolamine into the caudate putamen (CPU) of rats. The thermal pain threshold of the rats was measured by performing a tail-flick test. The tail-flick latency (TFL) was measured at 2-60 min after microinjection of the drugs. Our results revealed that the thermal pain threshold increased (long TFL) after the administration of a low dose of NE (2 microg/2 microl) and decreased (short TFL) after injection of a high dose of NE (8 microg/2 microl). In contrast, the pain threshold decreased after the administration of a low dose of phentolamine (1 microg/2 microl), while it increased after injection of a high dose of phentolamine (4 microg/2 microl). These results indicated that the injection of different doses of NE in the CPU of the rats produced opposite effects on the pain threshold, as determined by the tail-flick tests.


Assuntos
Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Putamen/fisiopatologia , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Temperatura Alta , Microinjeções , Norepinefrina/fisiologia , Dor/metabolismo , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor , Fentolamina/farmacologia , Putamen/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Tempo de Reação , Cauda/fisiopatologia
20.
Retrovirology ; 6: 54, 2009 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19493346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recombination between strains of HIV-1 only occurs in individuals with multiple infections, and the incidence of recombinant forms implies that multiple infection is common. Most direct studies indicate that multiple infection is rare. We determined the rate of multiple infection in a longitudinal study of 58 HIV-1 positive participants from The Women's Interagency HIV Study with a richer sampling design than previous direct studies, and we investigated the role of recombination and sampling design on estimating the multiple infection rate. RESULTS: 40% of our sample had multiple HIV-1 infections. This rate of multiple infection is statistically consistent with previous studies once differences in sampling design are taken into account. Injection drug use significantly increased the incidence of multiple infections. In general there was rapid elimination of secondary strains to undetectable levels, but in 3 cases a superinfecting strain displaced the initial infecting strain and in two cases the strains coexisted throughout the study. All but one secondary strain was detected as an inter- and/or intra-genic recombinant. Injection drug use significantly increased the rate of observed recombinants. CONCLUSION: Our multiple infection rate is consistent with rates estimated from the frequency of recombinant forms of HIV-1. The fact that our results are also consistent with previous direct studies that had reported a much lower rate illustrates the critical role of sampling design in estimating this rate. Multiple infection and recombination significantly add to the genetic diversity of HIV-1 and its evolutionary potential, and injection drug use significantly increases both.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , Recombinação Genética , Superinfecção/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Usuários de Drogas , Feminino , Variação Genética , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Vírus Reordenados , Fatores de Risco , Superinfecção/etiologia , Superinfecção/virologia , Produtos do Gene env do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/análise , Produtos do Gene env do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/genética , Produtos do Gene pol do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/análise , Produtos do Gene pol do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/genética
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...