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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 114610, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508801

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ginseng rusty root (GRR) is a commonly occurring disease that affects the continuous farming and economic value of mountain cultivated ginseng (MCG). Previous studies have demonstrated a generally smaller level of total ginsenoside in GRR tissue, but differences in individual ginsenosides or changes between rusty and healthy MCG with a higher age have not been investigated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research aimed to identify differences in the chemical components in the roots of rusty compared with healthy MCG harvested at 20-years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Differences between rusty and healthy MCG roots in individual ginsenosides were evaluated using a non-targeted metabonomic-based ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) technique. Chemical markers and the principal constituents were then quantified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Furthermore, total ginsenosides, total polysaccharides, and the elemental composition were evaluated separately using spectrophotometry and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the levels of total ginsenosides or total polysaccharides between the rusty and healthy groups. However, the concentrations of pivotal individual ginsenosides, including ginsenoside Rc, ginsenoside Ro, and ginsenoside Rd were significantly lower in the rusty group. In addition, concentrations of Fe and Al were higher in the rusty group compared with the healthy group. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that GRR affects the synthesis of ginsenosides of 20-year-old MCG, which further establishes reference data and the basis for exploration of the mechanisms causing metabolic changes in ginseng resulting from GRR.

2.
Pharmazie ; 76(8): 351-358, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412733

RESUMO

Background: 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-ß-D-glucoside (TSG) from Polygonum multijiorum Thunb. (PMT), is a major bioactive component. This review is aimed to summarize the present development of TSG regarding pharmaceutics, pharmacology and toxicology, with a focus on the novel mechanism of drug-induced toxicity and provides insight for its potential developments and applications in the future on traditional Chinese medicine. Methods: Studies about TSG's activities and toxicity were searched and summarized. Targets and mechanisms were predicted and analyzed with network pharmacology methods. Affinities and binding modes of key targets with TSG were verified by AutoDock Vina software. Results: TSG plays an essential role among the chemical components of PMT because of multiple pharmacological activities, which suggests a potential application of TSG for a variety of diseases, like atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, cerebral I/R injury, diabetes, osteoporosis, colitis. However, mild liver toxicity of TSG is also pointed out. Conclusions: As a biologically active natural product in PMT, TSG has shown prospective pharmacological activities, particularly as an agent for cardiovascular protection and neuroprotection.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to explore the prognostic values of CT83 and CT83-related genes in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: We downloaded the mRNA profiles of 513 LUAD patients (RNA sequencing data) and 246 NSCLC patients (Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array) from TCGA and GEO databases. According to the median expression of CT83, the TCGA samples were divided into high and low expression groups, and differential expression analysis between them was performed. Functional enrichment analysis of differential expression genes (DEGs) was conducted. Univariate Cox regression analysis and LASSO Cox regression analysis were performed to screen the optimal prognostic DEGs. Then we established the prognostic model. A Nomogram model was constructed to predict the overall survival (OS) probability of LUAD patients. RESULTS: CT83 expression was significantly correlated to the prognosis of LUAD patients. A total of 59 DEGs were identified, and a predictive model was constructed based on six optimal CT83-related DEGs, including CPS1, RHOV, TNNT1, FAM83A, IGF2BP1, and GRIN2A, could effectively predict the prognosis of LUAD patients. The nomogram could reliably predict the OS of LUAD patients. Moreover, the six important immune checkpoints (CTLA4, PD1, IDO1, TDO2, LAG3, and TIGIT) were closely correlated with the Risk Score, which was also differentially expressed between the LUAD samples with high and low-Risk Scores, suggesting that the poor prognosis of LUAD patients with high-Risk Score might be due to the immunosuppressive microenvironments. CONCLUSION: A prognostic model based on six optimal CT83 related genes could effectively predict the prognosis of LUAD patients.

4.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 841, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230602

RESUMO

Characterizing protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is an effective method to help explore protein function. Here, through integrating a newly identified split human Rhinovirus 3 C (HRV 3 C) protease, super-folder GFP (sfGFP), and ClpXP-SsrA protein degradation machinery, we developed a fluorescence-assisted single-cell methodology (split protease-E. coli ClpXP (SPEC)) to explore protein-protein interactions for both eukaryotic and prokaryotic species in E. coli cells. We firstly identified a highly efficient split HRV 3 C protease with high re-assembly ability and then incorporated it into the SPEC method. The SPEC method could convert the cellular protein-protein interaction to quantitative fluorescence signals through a split HRV 3 C protease-mediated proteolytic reaction with high efficiency and broad temperature adaptability. Using SPEC method, we explored the interactions among effectors of representative type I-E and I-F CRISPR/Cas complexes, which combining with subsequent studies of Cas3 mutations conferred further understanding of the functions and structures of CRISPR/Cas complexes.


Assuntos
Endopeptidase Clp/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Endopeptidase Clp/genética , Enterovirus/enzimologia , Enterovirus/genética , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Histidina Quinase/genética , Histidina Quinase/metabolismo , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Proteólise , Serina Endopeptidases/química , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 278: 114277, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the complexity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the current quality evaluation of TCM are difficult to associate with clinical efficacy. Shenqi Jiangtang Granule (SJG), a classical TCM formula, is proven as a therapy for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and complications while the substantial basis of the therapeutic effects is not clear. PURPOSE: The present study proposed an integrated approach to discriminate the quality markers (Q-markers) based on multi-dimensional characteristic network for quality control of TCM. METHODS: The multi-dimensional characteristic network was established by "Spider-web" mode, which was comprehensively integrating "compatibility-content-activity- efficiency-stability" of the candidate ingredients. The activity dimension was evaluated by the inhibitory activity of SJG on α-glucosidase and aldose reductase. The efficacy dimension was assessed through the association between the compounds and the target pathway of diabetic nephropathy (DN) based on integrated pharmacology platform. Each dimension for the feature network was quantified by multivariate statistical analysis, and regression area of the candidate compounds was constructed in the network. Finally, the candidate compounds were sorted comprehensively by the regression area. RESULTS: A total of 30 chemical compounds with effective hypoglycemic activity were identified as the potential Q-markers. From the data analysis, three dimensions of activity, efficacy and content performed a greater impact on the regression area of the characteristic network. Among these compounds, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rd, ginsenoside Rg1, calycosin, ginsenoside Rb1, formononetin, astragaloside IV, ginsenoside Rf, ginsenoside Rc, notoginsenoside Fe, schisandrol A, gomisin D were screened out as the candidate Q-markers of SJG. CONCLUSION: The multi-dimensional characteristic network integrating compatibility, content, activity, efficiency and stability is efficient to discriminate the potential Q-markers of TCM prescription. Our results demonstrated that 12 candidate compounds from Panax Ginseng, Radix Astragali and Schisandrae Chinensis might select as Q-markers for qualitative evaluation of SJG.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34173014

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It is of obvious interest to identify clinical prognosis-related oncogenes in HNSCC (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma). METHODS: Based on the available datasets within the TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and the GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) databases, the potential mechanism of action of the SEC61G (SEC61 translocon subunit gamma) gene in HNSCC tumorigenesis was explored by several bioinformatics approaches. RESULTS: There was a higher expression level of SEC61G in primary HNSCC tumor tissues than in normal tissues. Moreover, highly expressed SEC61G was statistically associated with the poor survival prognosis of HNSCC patients. When HPV (human papilloma virus) was considered, we also observed a relatively lower proportion of "arm-level gain" and "high amplification" types of CNA (copy-number alteration) in the HNSCC-HPV (+) group than in the HNSCC-HPV (-) group. Additionally, we identified SEC61G CAN-correlated genes, such as CCT6A (chaperonin-containing TCP1 subunit 6A) and HUS1 (HUS1 checkpoint clamp component), and found a correlation between SEC61G copy-number segments and prognosis related to overall and progression-free survival intervals of HNSCC patients. Moreover, the molecular regulation mechanisms of the spliceosome, ribosome, proteasome degradation, cell adhesion, and immune infiltration of B and CD8+ T cells may contribute to the involvement of SEC61G in the pathogenesis of HNSCC. CONCLUSIONS: The SEC61G gene was identified for the first time as a prognostic biomarker of HNSCC. The detailed underlying mechanism merits further research.

7.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 147: 109786, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992408

RESUMO

Xylanases degrade xylan to valuable end products. In our previous study, the alkaline xylanase S7-xyl from Bacillus halodurans S7 was engineered by rational design and the best mutant xylanase 254RL1 exhibited 3.4-fold improvements in specific activity at pH 9.0. Further research found that the enzyme activity at pH 6.0 was almost 2-fold than that at pH 9.0. To elucidate the reason of enhanced performance of 254RL1 at decreased pH optimum, we determined the X-ray crystal structure of 254RL1 at 2.21 Å resolution. The structural analysis revealed that the mutations enlarged the opening of the access tunnel and shortened the tunnel. Moreover, the mutations changed the hydrogen bond network around the catalytic residue and decreased the pKa value of acid-base catalyst E159 which reduced the pH optimum of the xylanase. The result provided the basis for the acid-alkaline engineering of the glycoside hydrolases.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases , Bacillus/genética , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/genética , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
8.
Anal Methods ; 13(24): 2671-2678, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036983

RESUMO

Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) plays a critical role in glucose metabolism and has become an important target for type 2 diabetes mellitus. We previously reported a two-photon fluorescent probe glycyl-prolyl-N-butyl-4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide (GP-BAN) for DPP-IV detection with high specificity and sensitivity. In this study, a high-throughput screening (HTS) method for DPP-IV inhibitors using human plasma as the enzyme source was established and optimized. Further investigations demonstrate that the IC50 value of sitagliptin (listed as the DPP-IV inhibitor) determined with human recombinant DPP-IV (36.22 nM) is very similar to that in human plasma (39.18 nM), and sitagliptin acts as a competitive inhibitor against human plasma DPP-IV-mediated GP-BAN hydrolysis. These results indicate that expensive human recombinant DPP-IV can be replaced by human plasma in this GP-BAN-based assay. On this basis, GP-AMC (commercial probe) was used as a comparison to verify this method, and the catalytic efficacy (Vmax/Km) for GP-AMC (0.09 min-1) hydrolysis in human plasma is lower than that for GP-BAN (0.21 min-1). Further analysis of inhibition kinetics (sitagliptin) and molecular docking (GP-BAN and GP-AMC) showed that GP-BAN has better specificity and affinity for enzymes than GP-AMC. Finally, the optimized method was used for the HTS of DPP-IV inhibitors in 69 natural alkaloids.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfato de Sitagliptina
9.
J Control Release ; 334: 52-63, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878368

RESUMO

The treatment of large established tumors remains a significant challenge and is generally hampered by poor drug penetration and intrinsic drug resistance of tumor cells in the central tumor region. In the present study, we developed bacterial particles (BactPs) to deliver chemotherapeutics into the tumor mass by hijacking neutrophils as natural cell-based carriers. BactPs loaded with doxorubicin, 5-fluorosuracil, or paclitaxel induced significantly greater tumor regression than unconjugated drugs. This effect was mediated by the ability of BactPs to incorporate chemotherapeutics and serve as vascular disrupting agents that trigger innate host responses and recruit phagocytic neutrophils. Vascular disruption resulted in extensive cell death in the central areas of the tumor mass. Recruited neutrophils acted as natural cellular carriers to deliver engulfed BactPs, which ensured drug delivery into the tumor mass and cytotoxic effects in areas that are normally inaccessible to traditional chemotherapy. Thus, BactPs eradicate large established tumors by functioning as vascular disrupters and natural drug carriers for neutrophil-mediated chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Portadores de Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neutrófilos
10.
Allergy ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is a pathogen of major concern in both acute infections and chronic conditions such as chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Bacteriophage (phage) therapy has recently regained interest for its potential to treat infections caused by antibiotic resistant strains including Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, bacteria can adapt and become resistant to phages. The aim of this study is to determine the potential for antibiotics to overcome phage resistance. METHODS: The susceptibility of S. aureus clinical isolates (CIs) to phages J-Sa36, Sa83 and Sa87 alone or in combination with protein synthesis inhibitor (PSI) antibiotics clindamycin, azithromycin and erythromycin was assessed using plaque spot assays, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays, double layer spot assays and resazurin assays. The safety and efficacy of subinhibitory PSI antibiotics in combination with phage was tested in a Sprague Dawley rat model of sinusitis infected with a phage resistant S. aureus CI. RESULTS: All three antibiotics at subinhibitory concentrations showed synergy when combined with all 3 phages against S. aureus CIs in planktonic and biofilm form and could sensitize phage-resistant S. aureus to promote phage infection. The combination of topical subinhibitory clindamycin or azithromycin and phage was safe and could eradicate S. aureus sinonasal biofilms in vivo. CONCLUSION: Subinhibitory concentrations of PSI antibiotics could sensitize phage-resistant S. aureus and MRSA strains to phages in vitro and in vivo. This data supports the potential use of phage-PSI antibiotic combination therapies, in particular for difficult-to-treat infections with phage-resistant S. aureus and MRSA strains.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 511-519, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645014

RESUMO

To explore the mechanism of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules in treating constipation by means of network pharmacology and molecular docking approach. Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) and Bioinfoematics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine(BATMAN) were applied to obtain chemical components and potential targets of eight herbs in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules according to the screening principles of oral availability(OB)≥30% and drug-like property(DL)≥0.18. Disease targets relating to constipation were screened out through GeneCards, PharmGkb and other databases, drug targets were integrated with disease targets, and intersection targets were exactly the potential action targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules for treating constipation; PPI network of potential targets was constructed using STRING platform, and GO(gene ontology) analysis and KEGG(Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data were obtained to conduct enrichment analysis and predict its mechanism of action. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct a network of "medicinal materials-chemical components-drug targets", and the network topology analysis was carried out on the PPI network to obtain its main components and key targets. Molecular docking between components and key targets of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules verified the accuracy of network pharmacological analysis results. The PPI network analysis showed 92 chemical components, including quercetin, stigmaste-rol, aloe-emodin, rhein, and key targets for instance AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, JUN, TNF and TP53. The enrichment analysis of KEGG screened out 157 signal pathways(P<0.01), mainly involving interleukin 17 signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, thyroid hormone signaling pathway. Quercetin, resveratrol and lysine with top degree value had a rational conformation in docking site of protein crystal complexes. This study preliminarily showed that various active ingredients in Shouhui Tongbian Capsules could regulate multiple signaling pathways, increase intestinal smoothness and peristalsis function, ensure smooth intestinal lumen, and play a role in treating constipation by acting on key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6 and JUN.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cápsulas , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Constipação Intestinal/genética , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 520-525, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645015

RESUMO

Shouhui Tongbian Capsules was used to explore the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism on slow transit constipation model mice induced by loperamide hydrochloride. In the experiment, loperamide hydrochloride-induced ICR mice were used as the model of slow transit constipation. Fifty ICR mice were divided into the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules extract(100, 200 and 400 mg·kg~(-1)). The model group and the administration groups were then modeled using loperamide hydrochloride intragastrically to obtain slow transit constipation. After successful modeling, high, medium and low doses of drugs were given to each drug group by intragastric administration. After 14 days of administration, the first defecation time, 6 h defecation grain number, 6 h defecation wet weight and dry weight, black feces discharged within 6 h and the fecal water content were measured. Intestinal tissues were taken for c-Kit and SCF immunohistochemical sections to detect the expression of c-Kit and SCF in the blank group, model group and high, medium and low dose groups of the medicinal extract of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules. The tissue changes in the intestinal wall of mice were detected by HE staining. At the same time, partial intestinal tissues were taken to test the activity of ATP synthase and isocitrate dehydrogenase in intestinal tissues of mice. RESULTS:: showed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules effectively improved the symptoms of slow transit constipation in ICR mice and promoted intestinal movement. Shouhui Tongbian Capsules obviously shortened the time of discharging black stool for the first time, improved the intestinal propulsion rate, increased the water content and amount of feces, and improved the constipation symptoms. Mechanism study revealed that Shouhui Tongbian Capsules increased ATP synthase activity and mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase activity in intestinal tissue, and up-regulated c-Kit/SCF signaling pathway to promote interstitial Cajal cells proliferation, intestinal nerve transmission, intestinal motility and transport capacity.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal , Trânsito Gastrointestinal , Animais , Cápsulas , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Loperamida , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 532-538, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645017

RESUMO

The effect of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules(SHTB) on the endogenous metabolites of colon tissue in mice with slow transit constipation was analyzed by metabolomics methods to explore its mechanism in the treatment of constipation. ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and SHTB group according to the body weight. The mice were given diphenoxylate to establish the slow transit constipation model. Mouse carbon ink pushing rate, first defecation time and the number of defecation particles in 12 h were observed. The mouse colon tissue was separated and the mucous cells were detected by Periodic acid Schiff and Alcian blue(AB-PAS) staining. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS) technology was used to characterize the differences in tissue metabolism to screen out the potential different metabolites and possible metabolic pathways in colon tissue. The results indicated that SHTB could significantly shorten the first defecation time and the number of defecations, and increase the number of intestinal peristalsis and mucous cells in the colonic mucosa compared to the model mice. Metabolomics results showed that, compared with the normal group, a total of 17 potential biomarkers, including L-kynurenine, N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine, L-formylkynurenine, N6-acetyl-L-lysine, L-phenylalanine, phenylacetaldehyde, xanthoxin, thymidine, glycyl-L-leucine, cystathionine,(R)-1-aminopropan-2-ol, deoxycytidine, gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde, D-galactose, L-arginine, L-proline and pyruvate, were found and identified in colon tissue. Treated with SHTB, these metabolic differences tended to return to normal levels. Therefore, it could be made a conclusion that the therapeutic effect of SHTB on chronic transit constipation may be related to regulating phenylalanine metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, pyrimidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and galactose metabolism.


Assuntos
Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Biomarcadores , Cápsulas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 635-637, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645030

RESUMO

Three compounds, including scolosprine C(1), uracil(2) and hypoxanthine(3), were isolated and purified from the ethyl acetate fraction of centipede by silica gel normal-phase column chromatography, reversed-phase medium pressure preparation chromatography, and high-pressure semi-preparative HPLC. The structure was elucidated through a combination of spectroscopic analyses [such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS)] and literature review. Among them, compound 1 was a new quinoline alkaloid. In previous reports, we have described the isolation and structure elucidation of one new and two known quinoline alkaloids. In this paper, we would report the isolation and structure elucidation of scolosprine C in detail.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Artrópodes , Quinolinas , Animais , Quilópodes
15.
Curr Drug Metab ; 22(3): 224-231, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shenqi Jiangtang Granule (SJG), a classical prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used to treat diabetes and its complications. Although, the clinical efficacy of SJG, is sufficient, the pharmacokinetic behavior of various substances in the plasma of SJG is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma pharmacokinetics during absorption of SJG after oral administration in rats. METHODS: A rapid and accurate ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC- MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of eight analytes in SJG, including gomisin D, schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schizandrol A, schizandrol B, ginsenoside Rd, ginsenoside Re and notoginsenoside Ft1. The analysis was carried out on a BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 µm) with gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min in a mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid water and acetonitrile. In addition, lignans and saponins were detected in positive ion mode and negative ion mode, respectively. RESULTS: Eight analytes in SJG, including gomisin D, schisandrin A, schisandrin B, schizandrol A, schizandrol B, ginsenoside Rd, ginsenoside Re and notoginsenoside Ft1, showed good linearity (R2 in the range of 0.9955 ~ 0.9999). The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 5, 0.8, 0.8, 8, 0.8, 5, 0.6 and 10 ng/mL. The accuracy and precision of all analytes were at ±15%. Matrix effect and average extraction recovery were > 85%. All analytes performed well under four storage conditions. CONCLUSION: The results showed that in vivo absorption and exposure of gomisin D and ginsenoside Rd were better than other analytes, while schizandrol B and notoginsenoside Ft1 were poorly absorbed. This approach could be applied to study the pharmacokinetic characteristics of various analytes in plasma after oral administration of SJG in rats.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540999

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this stusy is to study the effect of endoscopic surgery quality on the recurrence of nasal polyps. Methods:A total of 32 patients(64 sides) with recurrent nasal polyps were collected from December 2016 to June 2018, all of which were bilateral type Ⅱ diffuse nasal polyps in stage 3. According to the post-operative pathological results, patients were divided into eosinophilic nasal polyps group(EOS) and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps group(NEOS). All patients underwent sinus CT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction, combined with the sinus CT image performance and intraoperative findings, the quality of the patients' previous endoscopic sinus surgery was analyzed, and the CT L-M scores of sinuses before and after reoperation were compared between the two groups. Endoscopic L-K score, nasal symptoms VAS score, quality of life Snot-20 score. Results:Among 32 patients with recurrent nasal polyps, 17 cases (53.1%) of EOS nasal polyps were confirmed pathologically after surgery, and 15 cases (46.9%) of NEOS nasal polyps were confirmed. After the previous operation, the patient still has 60 sides(93.8%) of ethmoidal cells or ethmoidal septum, 56 sides(87.5%) of bone hyperplasia, 50 sides(78.1%) of bones in frontal recess air-cell or bone air-cell, and nasal cavity adhesion there were 10 sides(15.6%), residual uncinate process 8(12.5%), improper treatment of maxillary sinus ostia or atresia were 6(9.4%), sphenoid sinus not open or atresia were 8(12.5%), nasal septal deviation untreated were 4 cases(12.5%), 1 case(3.1%) had recurrence without ethmoidal cells and residual bone interval. Patients both in the EOS group or the NEOS group were followed up with L-M score, L-K score, VAS score, and Snot-20 score after surgery, the result were significantly improved compared with the preoperative results. After follow-up of 1.5-3 years, 25 cases of polyps were completely controlled and 7 cases were partially controlled. Among them, 2 cases of EOS nasal polyps and asthma patients still had some polypoid changes in local mucosa one year after operation and was currently under medication control. Conclusion:Although the recurrence of nasal polyps is closely related to its intrinsic type, the technique of endoscopic surgery is also an important factor affecting the recurrence of nasal polyps. For patients with bilateral symmetric diffuse nasal polyps, high-quality sinus surgery of first time combined with standardized follow-up can reduce the recurrence rate of nasal polyps and prolong the relapse time.


Assuntos
Pólipos Nasais , Sinusite , Doença Crônica , Endoscopia , Humanos , Pólipos Nasais/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva
17.
Genome ; 64(8): 801-812, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617368

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between autophagy and DNA methylation, and to identify key genes for autophagy-regulated thyroid cancer progression. We divided patients with thyroid cancer into high-autophagy score (AS) group and low-AS group based on their AS values. The results found that AS was associated with the distant metastasis of thyroid cancer, and adversely affected prognosis. Then, we screened 359 differently expressed genes (DEGs) with DNA methylation status consistent with gene expression change. Functional classification analysis demonstrated that the 359 DEGs consistent with DNA methylation status were significantly involved in adhesion, migration, and differentiation of immune cells. To further screen the key genes in the autophagy-related thyroid cancer progression, we constructed a protein-protein interactions (PPI) network and performed prognostic analysis. B cell linker (BLNK) was identified as the key potential gene affecting autophagy-related thyroid cancer progression. Finally, we verified that BLNK promoted the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells, and BLNK expression was regulated by DNA methylation. Our research provides a new perspective for exploring the relationship between autophagy and DNA methylation during the progression of thyroid cancer and provides a new target for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer.

18.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(1): 218-227, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501803

RESUMO

ß-N-acetylglucosaminidases (NAGases) can convert natural substrates such as chitin or chitosan to N-acetyl-ß-D glucosamine (GlcNAc) monomer that is wildly used in medicine and agriculture. In this study, the BcNagZ gene from Bacillus coagulans DMS1 was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein was secreted into the fermentation supernatant and the expression amount reached 0.76 mg/mL. The molecular mass of purified enzyme was 61.3 kDa, and the specific activity was 5.918 U/mg. The optimal temperature and pH of the BcNagZ were 75 °C and 5.5, respectively, and remained more than 85% residual activity after 30 min at 65 °C. The Mie constant Km was 0.23 mmol/L and the Vmax was 0.043 1 mmol/(L·min). The recombinant BcNagZ could hydrolyze colloidal chitin to obtain trace amounts of GlcNAc, and hydrolyze disaccharides to monosaccharide. Combining with the reported exochitinase AMcase, BcNagZ could produce GlcNAc from hydrolysis of colloidal chitin with a yield over 86.93%.


Assuntos
Bacillus coagulans , Quitinases , Acetilglucosamina , Acetilglucosaminidase , Quitina , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
19.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 97(1): 111-120, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654377

RESUMO

Our earlier study indicated that icaritin (ICT) protected mice from cerebral ischemic injury by inhibiting oxidative stress, and this study aimed to investigate its mechanism using a H2 O2 -treated SH-SY5Y cells model. Cell viability was assessed by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8). Oxidative stress parameters were detected by flow cytometry, and signaling pathways were analyzed by immunoblotting. We found that ICT alleviated apoptosis and intracellular and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, decreased the expressions of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and increased the expressions of Bcl-2 compared to H2 O2 group. ICT increased mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and blocked the opening of mitochondrial membrane permeability transporter (MPT), and increased the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD), meanwhile, decreased the activity of malondialdehyde (MDA) compared to H2 O2 group. Further investigation revealed that ICT significantly up-regulated the expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO-1). The anti-apoptosis and antioxidative effects of ICT were blocked bay ML385, a Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway inhibitor. These results indicate that ICT can play a neuroprotective role against oxidative stress injury by activating Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway.

20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(1)2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229555

RESUMO

The neural mechanisms underlying the impacts of noise on nonauditory function, particularly learning and memory, remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that rats exposed postnatally (between postnatal days 9 and 56) to structured noise delivered at a sound pressure level of ∼65 dB displayed significantly degraded hippocampus-related learning and memory abilities. Noise exposure also suppressed the induction of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). In parallel, the total or phosphorylated levels of certain LTP-related key signaling molecules in the synapses of the hippocampus were down-regulated. However, no significant changes in stress-related processes were found for the noise-exposed rats. These results in a rodent model indicate that even moderate-level noise with little effect on stress status can substantially impair hippocampus-related learning and memory by altering the plasticity of synaptic transmission. They support the importance of more thoroughly defining the unappreciated hazards of moderately loud noise in modern human environments.


Assuntos
Hipocampo/fisiologia , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Memória/fisiologia , Ruído , Animais , Feminino , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Teste do Labirinto Aquático de Morris , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sinapses/fisiologia , Transmissão Sináptica
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