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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306668

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship among CDH23 gene variation and the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) . Methods: The nested case-control study was performed and this study followed a cohort of 6297 noise-exposed workers in a steel factory of Henan province in China from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015. In July 2019, subjects whose average hearing threshold were more than 40 dB in high frequency were defined as the case group, and subjects whose average hearing threshold were less than 35 dB in high frequency and less than 25 dB in speech frequency were defined as the control group. A nested case-control study which included 572 subjects was carried out, in which subjects consisted of 286 cases and 286 controls. 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CDH23 were selected and genotyped, then we analyzed the association among SNPs in CDH23, haplotypes in CDH23 and NIHL risk. Logistic regression was performed to analyze the main effects of SNPs and the interactions between CNE and SNPs adjusting cumulative noise exposure (CNE) , smoking, drinking, physical exercise and hypertension. Moreover, the association between haplotypes in CDH23 and NIHL risk were also analyzed. We ananlyzed the relationship amongst different SNP groups and NIHL risk using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) method. Results: The results suggested that significant associations were observed for rs3802711, rs3752751, rs3752752, rs11592462, rs10762480, rs3747867 for NIHL overall and/or various CNE strata by adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure. For rs3802711, workers exposure to noise carrying the AA/GA genotype of rs3802711 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying GG genotype (OR=3.121; 95%CI:1.054-9.239, P=0.035) in overall; In the stratified analysis of CNE (>97 dB (A) ·year at rs3802711 locus, workers exposure to noise carrying GA genotype (OR=2.056; 95%CI:1.226~3.448, P=0.006) and GA+AA/GA genotype (OR=2.221; 95%CI:1.340~3.681, P=0.002) increased NIHL risk. For rs11592462, workers exposure to noise carrying the GG genotype of rs11592462 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying CC genotype in overall (OR=3.951; 95%CI:1.104-14.137, P=0.04) ; workers exposure to noise carrying the GG genotype of rs11592462 increased risk of NIHL than those carrying CG+CC genotype in overall (OR=4.06; 95%CI:1.145-14.391, P=0.03) . After adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure, the haplotypes of CDH23 rs1227049, rs10999947, rs3752752, rs3752751, rs10762480, rs3802711, rs11592462, rs10466026, rs4747194, rs4747195 were not associated with the risk of NIHL. GMDR analysis showed no association between SNP combination and NIHL risk after adjusting CNE, smoking, drinking, physical exercise and blood pressure. Conclusion: Gene polymorphisms in CDH23 might associate significantly with the risk of NIHL.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306671

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) at rs1695 and rs6591256 in glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in Chinese Han workers exposed to noise. Methods: Using the 1: 1 nested case-control study and taking 6297 workers exposed to noise in a steel plant in Henan province as the cohort study population in July 2019, we screened those who have been exposed to noise for ≥3 years and whose binaural high frequency (3000, 4000, 6000 Hz) average hearing threshold is ≥40 dB (A) into the case group. The control group was selected according to the matching criteria of the same sex, same type of work, and the age difference was not more than 5 years old, and the working age difference was not more than 2 years. 276 subjects were selected into the case group and the control group respectively. The medium and high throughout single nucleotide polymorphism typing technology (SNPscanTM technology) was used to detect the polymorphism of three nucleotide sites of GSR gene, and conditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and NIHL, and the relationship between different polymorphic sites and the risk of NIHL after adjusting covariates. After stratification with different cumulative noise exposure (CNE) , Conditional logistic regression analysis was used to analysis the risk of NIHL at different loci. Results: The mean and standard deviation of age of the selected subjects was (40.28±8.00) , the mean and standard deviation of noise-exposed working years was (18.7±8.92) years. The range of noise exposure levels and comulative noise exposure were 80.05-93.35dB (A) and 86.83-107.92 dB (A) ·year, respectively. Compared with the control group, there were no statistically significant differences in age, noise-exposured working years, intensity of noise exposure, CNE, gender, drinking, hypertension prevalence and noise exposure level in the hearing loss group (P>0.05) , while there were statistically difference in smoking, binaural high-frequency average hearing threshold and binaural speech frequency (P<0.05) . After adjusting for smoking, drinking, hypertension and other factors, in the co-dominant model, compared with GGgenotype, the risk of NIHL was higher in rs1002149 GT genotype and rs2251780 GA genotype (OR=1.558, 95%CI: 1.028-2.361; OR=1.550, 95%CI: 1.020-2.355, P<0.05) ; compared with TT/GT genotype, the rs1002149 TT genotype has a higher risk of developing NIHL (OR=1.494, 95%CI: 1.002-2.228, P<0.05) , while rs3779647 genotype had no relationship with the risk of NIHL (P>0.05) . In the equivalent sound level (L(Aeq)) of noise >85 dB (A) stratification, compared with GG genotype, carrying rs1002149 GT genotype and rs2251780 GT genotype has higher risk of nihl (OR=1.801, 95%CI: 1.093-2.967; OR=1.720, 95%CI: 1.050-2.817, P<0.05) . Haplotype analysis of two sites, rs1002149 and rs2251780, was not found to be related to NIIHL susceptibility. Conclusion: The allele G of rs1695 and rs6591256 may be risk factors of NIHL.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306673

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the association between gene in the potassium recycling pathway 4 (KCNQ4) polymorphisms and the susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) , and analysis the effect of cumulative noise exposure (CNE) and noise exposure duration on this association. Methods: A nested case-control study with 1∶1 matched was used based on the cohort of noise exposure in a steel factory. A total of 286 cases were selected as the group of hearing loss and 286 controls were chosen according to the matching standards of same gender, same type of work, age difference ≤ 5 years, noise exposure duration ≤ 2 years. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of rs4660468, rs4660470, rs34287852 in KCNQ4 were genotyped by SNPscan(TM) method. The codominant, dominant and recessive models were established to study KCNQ4 polymorphisms and the susceptibility to NIHL by single-factor conditional logistic regression analysis. The COX regression analysis was used to analyze the risk of developing NIHL in individuals with different genotypes along with the extending of noise exposure duration or CNE. Results: In the case of CNE≤96 dB (A) ·year, the risk of developing NIHL in individuals with TA genotype of rs4660470 was 2.197 times than individuals with TT genotypes (95%CI: 1.032~4.677) , and those with TA+AA and TT genotypes (HR=2.467, 95%CI: 1.025~5.934) With the increase of noise exposure duration, in rs4660470, individuals with TA genotype had a higher risk of suffering NIHL than those with TT genotype (HR=1.461, 95%CI: 1.061~2.011) , individuals with TA and/or AA genotype had a earlier risk of suffering NIHL than those with TT genotype. Conclusion: The mutant allele A of rs4660470 in KCNQ4 may be a risk factor for developing NIHL, CNE≤100 dB (A) ·year or the increase of noise exposure duration may further increase the risk of NIHL.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306674

RESUMO

Objective: To identify association between genetic polymorphism in the Glutathione peroxidase 1 gene (GPX1) and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) . Methods: A nested case control study was conducted based on a cohort of noise-exposed subjects. 392 cases were selected from the steel factory in Henan Province, 392 matched control subjects for each case were designated on the basis of the matched criterion including same gender, age (±5years) and duration of exposure to noise (±2years) . Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GPX1 were genotyped by SNPscanTM multiplex SNP genotyping kit. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) tests were performed using Pearson's χ(2) for each SNP among control group, effects of genotypes of GPX1 on NIHL were analyzed by logistic regression. Results: All two SNPs were in HWE. After adjustment for covariates including smoking status, rs1987628 polymorphism was statistically significantly associated with the NIHL risk under codominant and Dominant inheritance models; In the subjects carrying rs1987628 GA genotype had a higher NIHL risk than those carrying the GG genotype, the adjusted OR value was 1.803 (95%CI 1.215-2.676, P=0.003) . And meanwhile, rs1987628 GA+AA genotype had a higher NIHL risk than those carrying the GG genotype, the adjusted OR value was 1.762 (95%CI 1.197-2.593, P=0.004) . Conclusion: It was suggested that genetic polymorphism in the GPX1 gene might be the genetic susceptible factor for NIHL.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306675

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) at rs1695 and rs6591256 in glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) gene and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in Chinese Han workers exposed to noise. Methods: A 1: 2 matched nested case-control study was performed, which based on the cohort of 6297 workers exposed to noise in an iron and steel plant in Henan, China, who were followed up from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015. According to the criteria of binaural average high-frequency hearing threshold ≥40 dB, a total of 292 workers were enrolled as hearing loss group; after the adjustment for sex, type of work, age (difference≤5 years) , and working years of noise exposure (difference≤2 years) , according to the criteria of binaural average high-frequency hearing threshold <35 dB, and the speech frequency hearing threshold of any ear at any frequency band ≤25 dB, a total of 584 workers were enrolled as control group. The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of rs1695 and rs6591256 in GSTP1 were genotyped by high throughput SNP genotyping assay. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of control group was checked. The association between the SNPs at the two loci and susceptibility to NIHL was analyzed. Results: The L(Aeq, 8 h) range of workers exposed to noise was 80.2-98.8 dB (A) . The risk of NIHL in individuals with allele G of rs1695 was 1.291 times of those with allele A (95%CI: 1.042-1.598, P<0.05) . The risk of NIHL in individuals with allele G of rs6591256 was 1.390 times of those with allele A (95%CI: 1.119-1.728, P<0.05) . The risk of NIHL in individuals with AG and GG genotypes of rs6591256 was 1.437 times of those with AA genotype (95%CI: 1.057-1.952, P<0.05) . With the increase of noise exposure duration, individuals with AG and GG genotypes of rs6591256 had a higher risk of NIHL than those with AA genotype (HR=1.273, 95%CI: 1.002-1.616, P<0.05) . Conclusion: The allele G of rs1695 and rs6591256 may be risk factors of NIHL.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306678

RESUMO

Objective: Through the investigation of the injured persons in explosion accidents, the impact of wearing the ear protectors device (anti-noise earplugs) on the auditory organs and hearing loss of the injured person was understood, which could provide reference for the clinical diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the explosive hearing impairment. Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted on 39 directly injured persons who were injured in 23 explosion accidents involving a steel plant from 1990 to 2016 as the explosive hearing loss, taking the time of the patient's injury and 3-6 months after the injury as the time of investigation and evidence collection, and according to whether to wear the ear protectors device for group comparison and statistical analysis. Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in hearing loss, tinnitus, earache, headache, some patients with dizziness and craniocerebral injury, regardless of whether the injured person wore anti-noise earplugs or not (P=0.444-1) , the shock (coma) patients in the non-protected group were more common (34.8%, 8/23) , and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.012) ; Although auricle injury was detected in both groups and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=1) , but the external ear canal injury, tympanic membrane perforation were more common in the non-protected group, and there was no external ear canal and tympanic membrane perforation in the wearing earplug group, and the difference between the two groups was significant (P=0.000) . After 3-6 months, the rehabilitation of auditory system and other symptoms in patients showed that the hearing loss, tinnitus, earache, headache, dizziness and other symptoms all disappeared in patients wearing earplugs, while the above symptoms in the non-protected group were improved but more persisted, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.000-0.012) , and there was no significant difference in rehabilitation conditions such as craniocerebral injury between the two groups (P=1) ; There were patients with unhealed auricle injury in both groups in 3-6 months after the injury, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (P=1) , however, in the non-protected group, 69.57% (16/23) of the patients with external auditory canal injury were still unhealed and none of the patients with tympanic membrane perforation recovered, and the difference between the two groups was obvious (P=0.000~0.001) ; Pure tone air conduction examination showed that the hearing of the earplugs wearers was well recovered at the time of the explosion, while irreversible hearing impairment was common in the non-protective group, the difference was statistically significant (P=0.000) . Conclusion: Ear protector plays an important role in protecting the auditory organs and hearing of workers in explosion accident, and it is an effective protective measure to prevent and reduce the damage of external ear canal, perforation of tympanic membrane and explosive hearing loss caused by explosion accidents.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(20): 8721-8729, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To uncover the role of XIXT in influencing the osteogenesis of hBMSCs by adsorbing microRNA-30a-5p (miRNA-30a-5p) to upregulate RUNX2. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The serum samples were collected from osteoporosis patients and normal people. hBMSCs were isolated from femoral head tissues. The serum levels of XIXT and miRNA-30a-5p were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The expression levels and activities of the osteogenic differentiation-related genes in hBMSCs after transfection of sh-XIXT, sh-RUNX2, miRNA-30a-5p mimic, and inhibitor were detected by qRT-PCR, Western blot, ALP activity assay, and alizarin red staining. The Dual-Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay was performed to confirm the binding of XIXT to miRNA-30a-5p, as well as the binding of miRNA-30a-5p to RUNX2. RESULTS: LncRNA XIXT was significantly downregulated, and miRNA-30a-5p was upregulated in the serum of osteoporosis patients. The osteogenic differentiation-related genes (ALP, RUNX2) and XIXT were markedly upregulated in a time-dependent manner, while miRNA-30a-5p level gradually decreased in hBMSCs with the prolongation of osteogenesis. The knockdown of XIXT inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. In hBMSCs, XIXT regulated RUNX2 expression by targeting miRNA-30a-5p. The knockdown of miRNA-30a-5p partially reversed the inhibitory effect of XIXT on the osteogenesis of hBMSCs. However, the downregulated RUNX2 reversed the promotive effect of miRNA-30a-5p on the osteogenesis of hBMSCs. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA XIXT upregulated RUNX2 by absorbing miRNA-30a-5p, and thus induced hBMSCs osteogenesis to alleviate osteoporosis.

8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(18): 7863-7873, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a hypervascularized tumor. Aberrant angiogenesis is the main cause, which results in cancer growth and progression. It has been showed that microRNA-302 cluster (miR-302) may be associated with angiogenesis. Here, we aimed to identify the role of miR-302a/b/c in the regulation of cell angiogenesis in HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MRNA expression of miR-302a/b/c and MACC1 was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein of MACC1 was measured using Western blot. Cells proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities were investigated via Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay or transwell assay, respectively. Tube formatting assays were used to explore the tube formation capacity. The interaction among miR-302a/b/c was analyzed by luciferase assay. RESULTS: The expression of miR-302a/b/c was greatly reduced while MACC1 expression, whether mRNA or protein was conspicuously elevated in HCC tissues and cells. Then, functional experiment results showed miR-302a/b/c overexpression and MACC1 down-regulation inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion ability, and tube formation capacity of HUVECs. In addition, we detected that miR-302a/b/c directly targeted MACC1 and suppressed MACC1 expression, and miR-302a/b/c could suppress tumor angiogenesis in HCC by targeting MACC1. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-302a/b/c may function as a potential suppressor of tumor angiogenesis in HCC by targeting MACC1, indicating a promising target for HCC therapy.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(36): 20287-20295, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490507

RESUMO

Fully-hydrogenated germanene, named germanane, represents a new nanostructured material for a variety of potential applications, such as electronics and optoelectronics. However, a critical requirement for developing practical and reliable electronic devices based on germanane consists of achieving a flexibly controllable charge carrier and doping level. Different to the conventional doping methods such as ion implantation and diffusion, by first-principles calculations we demonstrate that tetracyanobenzene (TCNB) molecular adsorption could introduce effective p-type doping in germanane due to the combination of germanane with electroactive acceptor molecule TCNB. The corresponding energy difference between the empty band minimum of the dopant and the valence band maximum for electron excitation is 0.173 eV. More importantly, this nondestructive p-type doping could be linearly tuned under an external E-field. Analysis of charge transfer by means of the equivalent capacitor model and the shift of energy levels in the superstructure of germanane/TCNB further reveals that the superposition of the external E-field and molecular adsorption-induced internal E-field plays a key role in the charge transfer between TCNB and germanane, especially in achieving a controllable p-type molecular doping level in germanane. Such convenient and flexible E-field-engineering of p-type molecular doping in germanane would be very helpful for potential applications of germanane-based electronic and optoelectronic devices in the future.

10.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(8): 512-515, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461806

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the ratio of transfer cesarean section after trial of labor and maternal-fetal outcomes based on Robson classifications. Methods: The delivery data by cesarean section in Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2015 (gestational age ≥28 weeks and newborn birth weight >1 000 g) were retrospectively collected. The ratio of transfer cesarean section after trial of labor and maternal-fetal adverse outcomes were analyzed by weighted adverse outcome score in different Robson classifications. Results: (1) The highest ratio of transfer cesarean section after trial of labor was classification 9 (all abnormal lies, including previous cesarean section and breech were excluded) reached 47.31% (431/911) , followed by classification 2 (nulliparous women with a single cephalic pregnancy, ≥37 weeks gestation who had labour induced) accounted for 44.90%(409/911). (2)The tops of weighted adverse outcome score of transfer cesarean section after trial of labor were classification 10 (single cephalic pregnancy at <37 weeks gestation, including women with previous cesarean delivery) 24.55, classification 5 (single cephalic pregnancy multiparous women, with at least one previous cesarean delivery, ≥37weeks gestation) 3.64. Conclusion: Carefully evaluating the delivery mode and emphasizing the intrapartum management in nulliparous women with a single cephalic pregnancy, at ≥37 weeks gestation who had labour induced and trial of labor after cesarean section is essential to reduce the risk of adverse outcomes in transfer cesarean section after trial of labor.


Assuntos
Cesárea/classificação , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/classificação , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Prova de Trabalho de Parto , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Apresentação no Trabalho de Parto , Parto , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(3): 753-761, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198013

RESUMO

The root cause of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is repeated hypoxia during sleep. The genioglossus is one of the most important upper airway dilatation muscles and is important for maintaining normal oxygen supply during sleep. Hypoxia can directly affect the energy metabolism level of the genioglossus muscle, thereby weakening muscle function. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate mitochondrial function at the post-transcriptional level and achieve recovery or even enhancement of genioglossus function, but the specific mechanism is still unclear. In this study, an intermittent hypoxic cell model was established to detect the effects of hypoxia on the proliferation and apoptosis of Genioglossus muscle satellite cells (GG MuSCs), and the damage to the mitochondrial structure and function was assessed by transmission electron microscopy and mitochondrial membrane potential. Then, miR-17-5p was upregulated and downregulated by miRNA mimics and inhibitors, respectively, and bioinformatics analysis was used to predict and validate the target genes of miR-17-5p. The results showed that the hypoxic environment affected the proliferation of GG MuSCs and mitochondrial membrane potential, which promoted the occurrence of apoptosis and mitochondrial edema. After upregulation of miR-17-5p, cell proliferative capacity and mitochondrial function were restored. Bioinformatics prediction and gene and protein level analyses found that Mfn2 may be a target gene of miR-17-5p. .


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Mitocôndrias , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/citologia , Apoptose , Hipóxia Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177693

RESUMO

Objective: To conduct a characteristic analysis of the case of acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning in fishing boats for nearly ten years in a city, and to research on prevention and control measures, so as to provide scientific basis for formulating prevention strategies. Methods: In July 2018, collecting the data of acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning in fishing boats recorded by the Oceanic and Fishery Department & Health Sector from January 1, 2009 to June 30, 2018, the accident characteristics of acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning in fishing boats was analyzed, and compared the differences of hydrogen sulfide poisoning under different classification statistics. Results: In the past ten years, there were 14 acute poisonings in the city, 34 people were poisoned and 12 deaths (the case fatality rate was 35.3%) . According to the types of fishing vessels, the majority number of acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning incidents, poisoned persons and deaths occurred on fishing boats, accounted for 71.4% (10/14) , 76.5% (26/34) and 75.0% (9/12) respectively. From the location of the accident, 85.7% (12/14) of the acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning incidents occurred outside the fishing port. Fisher's exact test showed that the case fatality rate in within the fishing port was higher than that outside the fishing port (P=0.008) . From the cause of direct poisoning, the first three reasons were enter the fish room to rescue, enter the fish room to move fresh catch, to clean the fish room. The poisoning showed seasonal changes, Fisher's exact test showed that the fatality rate in summer was significantly higher than that in spring (P=0.044) , but there was no statistical significance in other seasons (P>0.05) . Conclusion: The acute hydrogen sulfide poisoning of fishing boats in this city has a high case fatality rate, frequent collective poisoning, and showed seasonal changes. Blind rescue, incomplete facilities, and inadequate system are important factors leading to poisoning, so daily measures and rescue measures should be strengthened to reduce the occurrence of poisoning and casualties.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Envenenamento , Animais , Cidades , Pesqueiros , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/envenenamento , Envenenamento/epidemiologia , Envenenamento/terapia , Estações do Ano , Navios
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(5): 574-579, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177741

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the mental health status of the Chinese Medical Team (CMT) members and its influencing factors. Methods: A total of 1 015 members of the CMT were recruited and surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire and 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) from May 10 to June 10, 2018. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify risk factors for mental health problems. Results: A total of 808 subjects completed the questionnaire and an estimated 25.9% of them were suspected to have mental health problems (GHQ-12≥3). Logistic model analysis indicated that family life (OR=1.928, 95%CI: 1.162-3.197), domestic work status (OR=2.069, 95%CI: 1.210-3.538), father's health status (OR=1.703, 95%CI: 1.060-2.736), disease symptoms (OR=2.087, 95%CI: 1.363-3.194), captain (OR=1.996, 95%CI: 1.128-3.532), cultural differences (OR=2.439, 95%CI: 1.621-3.671) were the risk factors for mental health. Age (OR=0.736, 95%CI: 0.571-0.949), leisure activities (OR=0.654, 95%CI: 0.490-0.872) were the protective factors. Drinking habits (OR=7.439, 95%CI: 1.290- 42.900), loneliness (OR=4.094, 95%CI: 2.438-6.875), and respect from the hospital (OR=0.783, 95%CI: 0.610-1.004) were relative to mental health problems. Conclusion: CMT members have certain mental health problems, especially young members and captains. Therefore, interventions should be implemented to improve the mental health of CMT members and to promote the development of foreign aid work.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(5): 386-391, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113203

RESUMO

AIM: To discuss the effects and mechanism of microRNA-34a in cell apoptosis induced by osteoarthritis. METHODS: Collection of the normal and osteoarthritis synovial tissues and measurements of the miRNA-34a and TGIF2 gene expression. In the cell experiment, the cells were divided into Control, Blank and miRNA inhibitor group. The cell proliferation and apoptosis of the different groups were measured by MTT and flow cytometry and the TGIF2 protein expression in the different groups was evaluated by WB assay. The correlation between TGIF2 and miRNA-34a was analyzed by Double luciferase experiment. RESULTS: Compared with normal synovial tissues, the miRNA-34a gene expression was significantly up-regulated and TGIF2 gene expression was significantly suppressed in osteoarthritis synovial tissues (p < 0.001, respectively). The cell proliferation was significantly depressed and the cell apoptosis rate was significantly increased in miRNA inhibitor group compared with the Control group (p < 0.001, respectively). Using the WB assay it was shown that the TGIF2 protein expression of miRNA inhibitor group was significantly suppressed compared with that of Control group (p < 0.01). By Double luciferase assay, TGIF2 gene was one target gene of miRNA-34a. CONCLUSION: miRNA-34a could induce osteoarthritis synovial cell apoptosis via regulation of TGIF2 in vitro (Fig. 6, Ref. 29).


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , Proteínas Repressoras , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/fisiologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia
15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(3): 215-221, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929389

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical implications and prognostic value of TP53 gene mutation and deletion in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) . Methods: 112-gene targeted sequencing and interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to detect TP53 mutation and deletion in 584 patients with newly diagnosed primary MDS who were admitted from October 2009 to December 2017. The association of TP53 mutation and deletion with several clinical features and their prognostic significance were analyzed. Results: Alterations in TP53 were found in 42 (7.2%) cases. Of these, 31 (5.3%) cases showed TP53 mutation only, 8 (1.4%) cases in TP53 deletion only, 3 (0.5%) cases harboring both mutation and deletion. A total of 37 mutations were detected in 34 patients, most of them (94.6%) were located in the DNA binding domain (exon5-8) , the remaining 2 were located in exon 10 and splice site respectively. Patients with TP53 alterations harbored significantly more mutations than whom without alterations (z=-2.418, P=0.016) . The median age of patients with TP53 alterations was higher than their counterparts[60 (21-78) years old vs 52 (14-83) years old, z=-2.188, P=0.029]. TP53 alterations correlated with complex karyotype and International prognostic scoring system intermediate-2/high significantly (P<0.001) . Median overall survival of patients with TP53 alterations was shorter than the others[13 (95%CI 7.57-18.43) months vs not reached, χ(2)=12.342, P<0.001], while the significance was lost during complex karyotype adjusted analysis in multivariable model. Conclusion: TP53 mutation was more common than deletion in MDS patients. The majority of mutations were located in the DNA binding domain. TP53 alterations were strongly associated with complex karyotype and always coexisted with other gene mutations. TP53 alteration was no longer an independent prognostic factor when complex karyotype were occurred in MDS.


Assuntos
Genes p53 , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Prognóstico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Adulto Jovem
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(4): 1584-1590, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of micro ribonucleic acid-330 (miR-330) in breast cancer tissues and cancer-adjacent tissues as well as the correlations of the miR-330 expression with clinicopathological features and the prognosis of breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of miR-330 in cancer tissues and cancer-adjacent tissues of 120 breast cancer patients with complete follow-up data were detected via the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Meanwhile, the expression level of miR-330 in serum of breast cancer patients was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlations of the expression level of miR-330 with clinicopathological data and the prognosis of breast cancer patients were explored. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-330 in breast cancer tissues was remarkably higher than that in cancer-adjacent tissues, and it was also higher in serum of breast cancer patients than that of healthy controls. In breast cancer patients with axillary lymph node metastasis, the proportion of patients with the high expression of miR-330 [30/54 (55.6%)] was markedly larger than that of patients with the low expression of miR-330 [6/30 (20%)] (p=0.003). In terms of tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, the proportion of patients with the high expression of miR-330 in stage II or above was evidently larger than that of patients with the low expression of miR-330, in which the proportion was 46/60 (77.2%) in stage III and 11/15 (73.3%) in stage IV (p=0.002). Additionally, the tumor size, the histological grade, the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), the expression of hormone receptors and the tissue type, were not related to the expression level of miR-330 (p>0.05). It was manifested in the survival curve that the median survival time was 84.8 months in the miR-330 high expression group and 96.8 months in the miR-330 low expression group, displaying a statistical difference (p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-330 is highly expressed in cancer tissues and serum of patients with breast cancer, and it can promote the axillary lymph node metastasis, which is an important factor affecting the prognosis of breast cancer patients. However, no obvious correlations of the expression level of miR-330 with the tumor size, the histological grade, the HER2 expression and the expression of estrogen receptors are found.

17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(3): 194-197, 2019 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30856698

RESUMO

Five patients with primary malignancies in the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) and infra temporal fossa (ITF) were enrolled in this retrospective study between January 2012 and January 2018. After malignancies proven by biopsy and evaluation with CT and MRI scan, all patients received modified maxillary swing (MMS) approach for extirpation of malignant tumors in the PPF and ITF under general anesthesia. En bloc resection with wide surgical margins was successfully performed in all cases. Negative margins were observed in 4 cases and positive margins were found in one patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma who received postoperative radiotherapy. The most common complication was facial numbness. During the follow-up period (range 12 to 57 months), one patient suffered from recurrence while others did not. The advantages of MMS include wide surgical field, full exposure and easy manipulation. The MMS approach is expected to become an standard method for monobloc resection of malignancies in the PPF and ITF.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Base do Crânio , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Fossa Pterigopalatina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813701

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the clinical value of nasal endoscope combined with supporting laryngoscope surgery in the treatment of polyps of vocal cord. Method:Ninety-four patients with vocal cord polyps were randomly divided into the control group (47 cases) and the observation group (47 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with simply supporting laryngoscope surgery while the patients in the observation group were treated with nasal endoscope combined with supporting laryngoscope. The therapeutic effects, voice function changes before and after operation, complications and recurrence of the two groups were observed. Result:The total effective rate was 93.62% in the observation group, compared to 78.72% in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was 8.51%, compared with 25.53% in the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Six months after operation, there was no recurrence in the observation group, but the recurrence rate in the control group was 4.26%. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). 12 months after operation, the recurrence rate of the observation group was 2.13%, compared with 14.89% of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion:Nasal endoscope combined with supporting laryngoscope for vocal cord polyps has a definite effect and can significantly improve the voice function of patients with high safety and low recurrence rate, which is worthy of promotion..


Assuntos
Doenças da Laringe , Laringoscopia , Pólipos , Prega Vocal , Humanos , Doenças da Laringe/cirurgia , Laringoscópios , Pólipos/cirurgia , Qualidade da Voz
19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 12-16, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704222

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients with thrombocytopenia in varied degrees. Methods: Clinical features and survival data of 1 305 Chinese patients with PMF were retrospectively analyzed. The prognostic value of thrombocytopenia in patients with PMF was evaluated. Results: 320 subjects (47%) presented severe thrombocytopenia (PLT<50×10(9)/L), 198 ones (15.2%) mild thrombocytopenia [PLT (50-99)×10(9)/L] and 787 ones (60.3%) without thrombocytopenia (PLT ≥ 100×10(9)/L). The more severe the thrombocytopenia, the higher the proportions of HGB<100 g/L, WBC<4×10(9)/L, circulating blasts ≥ 3%, abnormal karyotype and unfavourable cytogenetics (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.004, P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively) were observed in this cohort of patients. The more severe the thrombocytopenia, the lower the proportion of JAK2V617F positive (P<0.001) was also noticed. Platelet count was positively correlated with splenomegaly, HGB and WBC (P<0.001, correlation coefficients were 0.131, 0.445 and 0.156, respectively). Platelet count was negative correlated with constitutional symptoms and circulating blasts (P=0.009, P=0.045, respectively; correlation coefficients were -0.096 and -0.056, respectively). The median survival of patients with severe thrombocytopenia, mild thrombocytopenia and without thrombocytopenia were 32, 67 and 89 months, respectively (P<0.001). Multivariate analysis identified thrombocytopenia in varied degrees (HR=1.693, 95%CI 1.320-2.173, P<0.001) and Dynamic Internation Prognostic Scoring System(DIPSS) prognostic model (HR=2.051, 95%CI 1.511-2.784, P<0.001) as independent risk factors for survival. Conclusion: PMF patients with severe thrombocytopenia frequently displayed anemia, leucopenia, circulating blasts and short survival, so active treatment measures should be taken especially in these patients.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária , Trombocitopenia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 24-28, 2019 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704224

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of ruxolitinib combined with prednisone, thalidomide and danazol for treatment of in myelofibrosis (MF). Methods: Patients of MF according to the WHO 2016 criteria, received ruxolitinib (RUX) combined with prednisone, thalidomide and danazol (PTD). The response, changes of blood counts and adverse events were evaluated. Results: Six PMF and one post-ET MF patients were enrolled. Four patients presented JAK2V617F mutation, one CALR mutation, one MPL mutation, one triple-negative. Responses per IWG-MRT criteria were clinical improvement in 5 patients, stable disease in 2 ones, spleen response in 6 ones. All of 7 patients were symptomatic responses, four patients achieved at least 50% improvement from baseline on MPN-SAF TSS. Three patients initially treated with RUX alone, all of 3 patients experienced treatment-associated anemia and thrombocytopenia. Then these 3 patients received RUX combined with PTD, both hemoglobin and platelet increased significantly. Four patients initially treated with RUX combined with PTD. Increased levels of hemoglobin and platelet were seen in all of 7 patients received RUX combined with PTD with maximum increased hemoglobin of 30(18-54) g/L and maximum increased platelets of 116(13-369)×10(9)/L, respectively from baseline. The treatment dose of RUX increased due to improved platelet count in 3 patients. The frequent non-hematologic adverse events grade 1-2 were constipation, abdominal distension, crura edema and increased ALT. Conclusions: RUX combined with PTD for treatment of MF may modulate initial hematologic toxicity observed when RUX alone, and may increase response due to improved levels of hemoglobin or platelet.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária , Danazol , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Prednisona , Mielofibrose Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
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