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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488265

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the application of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Screening Questionnaire and pulmonary function test in dust-exposed migrant workers. Methods: In May 2019, 149 cases of dust exposed migrant workers were selected as the research subjects through the free clinic in the countryside. COPD Screening Questionnaire and lung function test were carried out to analyze the high-risk groups and the influencing factors of positive pulmonary function test results. Results: Among 149 cases of dust-exposed migrant workers, 107 (71.8%) were positive for questionnaire screening, 73 (49.0%) were positive for pulmonary function test, 75 (50.3%) were diagnosed with coal worker's pneumoconiosis, and 101 (67.8%) were diagnosed with lung function injury. The positive rate of pulmonary function of migrant workers with positive questionnaire screening results was significantly higher than that of those with negative results (P<0.05) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that compared with non-pneumoconiosis, the risk of positive pulmonary function test results was higher in dust-exposed migrant workers with stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis (OR=16.462, 95%CI: 3.390-79.946; P<0.01) . Compared with non-smoking, the risks of positive pulmonary function test results of dust-exposed migrant workers with smoking index of 11-20 package years and >20 package years were higher (OR=19.814, 95%CI: 3.854-101.883; OR=9.733, 95%CI: 2.310-41.008; P<0.01) . Conclusion: The risk of COPD in dust-exposed migrant workers is high, so we should strengthen the early examination of the high pneumoconiosis stage and smoking population. The screening questionnaire can better screen out the high-risk groups of COPD, and it can be used as a basic screening tool.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Migrantes , Poeira , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/diagnóstico , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(8): 904-909, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344074

RESUMO

Objective: To study the expression of GATA3 and bcl-11b in peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and their correlation with clinicopathological features. Methods: The Oncomine and GEO databases were used for analyzing the expression levels of GATA3 and bcl-11b mRNA in PTCL. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of GATA3 and bcl-11b proteins in 127 cases of PTCL diagnosed at Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to June 2020, as well as 40 cases of lymph node with reactive hyperplasia. Results: The data in Oncomine and GEO databases showed that the expression of GATA3 and bcl-11b mRNA in PTCL was lower than that in normal tissues (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry showed that the positive rates of GATA3 in PTCL and lymph nodes with reactive hyperplasia were 60.6% (77/127) and 85.0% (34/40, P<0.05), respectively. The expression rates of bcl-11b in PTCL and lymph nodes with reactive hyperplasia were 55.1% (70/127) and 75.0% (30/40, P<0.05), respectively. The expression of GATA3 was related to the pathological classification of the patients with PTCL, and was inversely related to the Ann Arbor stage of the patient, while the expression of bcl-11b was inversely correlated with the IPI score of the patient (P<0.05). The expression of GATA3 and bcl-11b was related to the patients' age, gender, LDH level, and B symptoms. Other clinicopathological characteristics were irrelevant. Spearman correlation analysis shows that the expression of GATA3 protein was associated with that of bcl-11b protein in PTCL. Conclusion: GATA3 and bcl-11b are closely related to the prognosis of PTCL, and may be important factors involved in the occurrence and development of PTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Fator de Transcrição GATA3/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfonodos , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Repressoras , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor
5.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 658-664, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333918

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the etiology of necrotizing pneumonia (NP) in children and the clinical characteristics of NP caused by different pathogens in China. Methods: A retrospective, case-control study was performed in children with NP who were admitted to 13 hospitals in China from January 2008 to December 2019. The demographic and clinical information, laboratory data, etiological and radiological findings were analyzed. The data were divided into three groups based on the following years: 2008-2011, 2012-2015 and 2016-2019, and the distribution characteristics of the pathogens in different period were compared. Meanwhile, the pathogens of pediatric NP in the southern and northern China were compared. And the clinical characteristics of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) NP and the bacterial NP were also compared. T-test or Mann-Whitney nonparametric test was used for comparison of numerical variables, and χ2 test was used for categorical variables. Results: A total of 494 children with NP were enrolled, the median ages were 4.7 (0.1-15.3) years, including 272 boys and 222 girls. Among these patients, pathogens were identified in 347 cases and the pathogen was unclear in the remaining 147 cases. The main pathogens were MP (238 cases), Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) (61 cases), Staphylococcus aureus (SA) (51 cases), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13 cases), Haemophilus influenzae (10 cases), adenovirus (10 cases), and influenza virus A (7 cases), respectively. MP was the most common pathogen in all three periods and the proportion increased yearly. The proportion of MP in 2016-2019 was significantly higher than that in 2012-2015 (52.1% (197/378) vs. 36.8% (32/87), χ2=6.654, P=0.010), while there was no significant difference in the proportion of MP in 2012-2015 and that in 2008-2011 (36.8% (32/87) vs. 31.0% (9/29), χ²=0.314, P=0.575).Regarding the regional distribution, 342 cases were in the southern China and 152 in the northern China. Also, MP was the most common pathogen in both regions, but the proportion of MP was higher and the proportion of SP was lower in the north than those in the south (60.5% (92/152) vs. 42.7% (146/342), χ2=13.409, P<0.010; 7.9% (12/152) vs. 14.3% (49/342), χ2=4.023, P=0.045). Comparing the clinical characteristics of different pathogens, we found that fever and cough were the common symptoms in both single MP and single bacterial groups, but chest pain was more common (17.0% (34/200) vs. 6.1% (6/98), χ2=6.697, P=0.010) while shortness of breath and wheezing were less common in MP group (16.0% (32/200) vs. 60.2% (59/98), χ2=60.688, P<0.01; 4.5% (9/200) vs. 21.4% (21/98), χ2=20.819, P<0.01, respectively). The white blood cell count, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin in the bacterial group were significantly higher than those in the MP group (14.7 (1.0-67.1)×109/L vs. 10.5 (2.5-32.2)×109/L, 122.5 (0.5-277.3) mg/L vs. 51.4 (0.5-200.0) g/L, 2.13 (0.05-100.00) µg/L vs. 0.24 (0.01-18.85) µg/L, Z=-3.719, -5.901 and -7.765, all P<0.01). Conclusions: The prevalence of pediatric NP in China shows an increasing trend during the past years. MP, SP and SA are the main pathogens of NP, and the most common clinical symptoms are fever and cough. The WBC count, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin in bacterial NP are significantly higher than those caused by MP.


Assuntos
Pneumonia por Mycoplasma , Pneumonia Necrosante , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(3): 318-324, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379899

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To study the growth regulation, environmental adaption and epigenetic regulation of Chrysomyia Megacephala pupae, in order to obtain the transcriptome data of Chrysomyia Megacephala in different growing periods, and lay the foundation for forensic application. Methods The Chrysomyia Megacephala was cultivated and after pupation, 3 pupae were collected every 24 h from pupation to emergence, and stored at -80 ℃ for later use. High-throughput sequencing was performed by Illumina Hiseq 4000 and Unigenes were obtained. The Unigenes were compared by comparison tool BLAST from NCBI in databases such as NR, STRING, SWISS-PROT (including Pfam), GO, COG, KEGG in order to obtain the corresponding annotation information. The expression amount of Unigenes obtained by sequencing in Chrysomyia Megacephala in six different growing periods was calculated by FPKM method, and the discrepant genes were screened according to the following standards: the log2 multiple absolute value of FPKM expression amount between two different growing periods must be larger than 1 (log2|FC|>1), and the false discovery rate must be less than 0.05. Results When the mean temperature was 25.6 ℃, Chrysomyia Megacephala emerged 6 d after they pupated. A total of 43 408 pieces of Unigenes were obtained and their mean length was 905 bp, of which 32 500, 18 720, 13 542, 9 191 and 18 720 pieces were annotated by NR, SWISS-PORT, Pfam, STRING and KEGG databases. According to the discrepant gene analysis of pupae in two different growing periods, the number of genes with variants ranged from 801 to 5 307, and the total number of discrepant genes was 45 676. Conclusion The gene expressions of the transcriptome data of Chrysomyia Megacephala pupae in different growing periods are different. The results provided a good foundation for further research on the transcriptome changes in each period of the pupae of sarcosaprophagous flies and provided the basis for exploring the genes associated with the growth of Chrysomyia Megacephala pupae.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética , Transcriptoma , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Pupa/genética
7.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 487-494, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384155

RESUMO

Objective: To screen and analyze the prognostic protein biomarkers of DLBCL, and to explore their value in the prognostic evaluation. Methods: 163 cases of confirmed DLBCLs from January 2011 to December 2016 were collected with their clinical, pathological and follow-up data, which were all from our hospital. The expression of protein markers were tested using immunohistochemical staining (IHC) . The immune phenotypes independent of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) that affect overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of DLBCL were explored by COX regression model, and the effect of their co-expression on the prognosis were also analyzed. Result: BCL6 negative (PFS: HR=1.652, 95%CI 1.030-2.649, P=0.037) , P53 positive (OS: HR=1.842, 95%CI 1.008-3.367, P=0.047) , and BCL2 strong positive expressions (S+) (OS: HR=2.102, 95%CI 1.249-3.537, P=0.005; PFS: HR=2.126, 95%CI 1.312-3.443, P=0.002) are adverse prognostic factors of DLBCL that are independent of IPI. BCL6(-) (PFS: HR=2.042, 95%CI 1.021-4.081, P=0.043) , P53(+) (OS: HR=3.069, 95%CI 1.244-7.569, P=0.015) and BCL2(S+) (OS: HR=2.433, 95%CI 1.165-5.082, P=0.018; PFS: HR=3.209, 95%CI 1.606-6.410, P=0.001) are adverse prognostic factors in the group of age≤60-year-old; in the group of IPI score 0-2, cases with BCL6(-) (OS: HR=2.467, 95%CI 1.322-4.604, P=0.005; PFS: HR=2.248, 95%CI 1.275-3.965, P=0.005) and BCL2(S+) (PFS: HR=2.045, 95%CI 1.119-3.735, P=0.020) have worse prognosis. The co-expression of BCL6(-) and BCL2(S+) has significant influence on prognosis of DLBCL (P=0.005 and P<0.001) , in which BCL6(+)/non-BCL2(S+) (n=86) has the best prognosis[3-year-OS (71.6±4.9) %, 3-year-PFS (67.0±5.1) %], and BCL6(-)/BCL2(S+) (n=10) has the worst prognosis[3-year-OS (20.0±12.6) %, 3-year-PFS (10.0±9.5) %]; the co-expression of BCL6(-) and P53(+) has no significant influence on prognosis (P=0.061 and P=0.089) , however, those cases with BCL6(+)/P53(-) (n=98) often get better prognosis[3-year-OS (70.6±4.7) %, 3-year-PFS (64.6±4.9) %] than others; the co-expression of P53(+) and BCL2(S+) has significant influence on prognosis of DLBCL (P<0.001 and P<0.001) , and P53(+)/BCL2(S+) (n=5) has the worst prognosis (3-year-OS and 3-year-PFS are both 0) ; BCL2(S+) cases get shorter OS and PFS, regardless of the expression of BCL6 and P53. Conclusion: The expression and co-expression of BCL6 negative, P53 positive and BCL2(S+) have certain value in the prognostic evaluation of DLBCL, especially in the group of age≤60-year-old and IPI score 0-2.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 660-666, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192858

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation between neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil-monocyte ratio (NMR) for postoperative pneumonia or long-term overall survival in patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Methods: The clinical data of 137 patients, including 111 males and 26 females, with the age of (M(QR))61(10) years (range: 45 to 75 years), undergoing radical resection of esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy admitted at Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital from January 2016 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The blood routine one or two days before surgery and the occurrence of pneumonia after surgery were collected via hospital information system. The absolute count of neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes was recorded, to calculate NLR, LMR and NMR. The survival of patients was recorded systematically via follow-up. In the first part, the influencing factors of postoperative inflammation were analyzed, to group the patients into two groups according to the occurrence of postoperative pneumonia. χ2 test, t-test or rank-sum test were conducted for inter-group comparison. In the second part, cutoff values of inflammatory biomarkers were obtained with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and grouped, with postoperative pneumonia as endpoint criteria. Independent factors correlated with postoperative pneumonia were determined through univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. In the third part, the analysis on prognosis factors was carried on, with the survival as endpoint criteria. Cutoff values of inflammatory biomarkers were obtained with X-Tile software and grouped. The survival analysis was carried on with univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model, and the Kaplan-Meier curve was drawn finally. The results of survival analysis were verified by Log-rank test. Results: Median follow-up time was 614 (299) days (range: 382 to 1 612 days). Cutoff values of NLR, LMR, and NMR obtained via the ROC curve were 3.0, 3.9, and 6.2, respectively. According to the multivariate Logistic regression analysis, NLR>3.0 (OR=2.740, 95% CI: 1.221 to 6.152, P=0.015) and LMR>3.9 (OR=0.140, 95% CI: 0.022 to 0.890, P=0.037) were independent prognosis factors for postoperative pneumonia in patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Cutoff values of NLR, LMR, and NMR obtained with X-Tile software were 3.3, 4.2, and 7.2, respectively. Through multivariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis, late tumor ypTNM staging (8th AJCC) (HR=2.087, 95% CI:1.079 to 4.038, P=0.029), poor pathologic response (HR=2.251, 95% CI: 1.117 to 4.538, P=0.023), and LMR>4.2 (HR=0.347, 95% CI: 0.127 to 0.946, P=0.039) could be independent prognosis factors for overall survival. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that the overall survival of patients with LMR ≤4.2 was worse (P=0.002), with the 1-year overall survival rate of 82.9%, and the 1-year overall survival rate of patients with LMR>4.2 was 94.6%. Conclusion: Preoperative LMR ≤3.9 and NLR>3.0 can be considered as independent prognosis factors for postoperative pneumonia, while LMR≤4.2 as one of independent prognosis factors for overall survival.

9.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100206, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the survival benefit of asparaginase (ASP)-based versus non-ASP-based chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy in a real-world cohort of patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 376 patients who received combined radiotherapy with either ASP-based (ASP, platinum, and gemcitabine; n = 286) or non-ASP-based (platinum and gemcitabine; n = 90) regimens. The patients were stratified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups using the early stage-adjusted nomogram-revised risk index. Overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis (DM)-free survival (DMFS) between the chemotherapy regimens were compared using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: ASP-based (versus non-ASP-based) regimens significantly improved 5-year OS (84.5% versus 73.2%, P = 0.021) and DMFS (84.4% versus 74.5%, P = 0.014) for intermediate- and high-risk patients, but not for low-risk patients in the setting of radiotherapy. Moreover, ASP-based regimens decreased DM, with a 5-year cumulative DM rate of 14.9% for ASP-based regimens compared with 25.1% (P = 0.014) for non-ASP-based regimens. The survival benefit of ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy remained consistent after adjusting the confounding variables using IPTW and multivariate analyses; additional sensitivity analyses confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provided support for ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy as a first-line treatment strategy for intermediate- and high-risk early-stage ENKTCL.

11.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 380-386, 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902222

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors for mortality in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Methods: Clinical data of 109 patients with severe PARDS supported by ECMO, who were hospitalized in 6 ECMO centers in China from September 2012 to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into survival group and death group according to the prognosis. Chi-square test and rank sum test were used to compare the variables between the two groups, including the demographic data, laboratory examination results, clinical data before and after ECMO, and other supportive treatment. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the prognostic risk factors. Results: In these 109 cases, 54 died and 55 survived. Compared with the survival group, the death group had higher incidences of acute kidney injury (AKI) (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=8.318, P=0.004) and coagulation dysfunction (22.2% (12/54) vs. 7.3% (4/55), χ²=4.862, P=0.027), and higher rate of renal replacement therapy (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=9.694, P=0.008) during ECMO support. Logistic regression analysis showed that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and AKI were independent risk factors for death in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support (HR=3.88,95%CI 1.04-14.52, HR=4.84,95%CI 1.21-19.46, both P<0.05). Conclusion: AKI and CRRT are independent risk factors for predicting mortality in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(4): 356-362, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874708

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps assisted with computed tomography angiography (CTA) in repairing skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. From May 2015 to October 2019, 17 patients with skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics of Jizhong Energy Xingtai Mig General Hospital, including 12 males and 5 females, aged 16-65 years, with an average age of 35 years. The areas of skin and soft tissue defects after debridement ranged from 6.0 cm×3.0 cm to 15.0 cm×9.0 cm. The retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps were designed according to the origin and distribution of the perforating branches in flaps and the length of the vascular pedicle examined with CTA and the condition of the wound to repair the wounds. The areas of resected flaps ranged from 6.5 cm×3.5 cm to 15.5 cm×9.5 cm. The wounds in donor sites of flaps were sutured directly or covered with medium-thickness skin grafts from healthy upper leg. The sources of the perforating branches in flaps were recorded. The lateral circumflex femoral artery, its branches, and the relative length of the vascular pedicle were compared between preoperative CTA detection and intraoperative observation. The survivals of the flaps were observed. At the last follow-up, the effects of flaps in repairing wounds were evaluated according to evaluation standard of efficacy satisfaction; the motion ranges of flexion and extension of the knee joint were measured, and the knee joint function was evaluated according to the Hohl knee joint function evaluation standard; the sensory function in the flap area was evaluated according to the sensory function evaluation standard formulated by the British Medical Research Council; the wound healing and the occurrence of complication affecting motor function of limb of flap donor sites was observed. Data were statistically analyzed with paired sample t test. Results: The perforating branches in flaps originated from descending branches, oblique branches, and rectus femoris branches of lateral circumflex femoral artery in 7, 6, and 4 patients, respectively. The flaps with blood supply from descending branches, oblique branches, and rectus femoris branches of lateral circumflex femoral artery were type 1, 2, and 3 retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps, respectively. The preoperative CTA examination of lateral circumflex femoral artery and its branches were consistent with those observed during operation. The relative lengths of vascular pedicles of type 1, 2, and 3 retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flaps calculated after CTA examination were 0.32±0.13, 0.56±0.07, and 0.56±0.15, which were close to 0.35±0.12, 0.52±0.10, and 0.53±0.12 measured and calculated during operation, respectively (t=0.45, 0.80, 0.31, P>0.05). All flaps survived in 17 cases without vascular crisis. At the last follow-up, 16 patients were satisfied with effects of flaps in wound repair, with 1 patient feeling average about the effect; the flexion range of knee joint was 100-120°, and the extension range of knee joint was -2-0°; knee joint function was evaluated as excellent in 9 cases, good in 7 cases, and poor in 1 case; the sensory function of the flap area reached S4 level in 2 cases, S3 level in 8 cases, and S2 level in 7 cases; the wounds in flap donor sites healed well; there was no adverse effect in motor function of limbs. Conclusions: Retrograde anterolateral thigh perforator flap is an effective method for repairing skin and soft tissue defects around the knee or in proximal lower leg. Preoperative CTA examination can fully show the anatomical characteristics of the branches of the lateral circumflex femoral artery and the perforating vessels of each branch, which can guide preoperative flap design and operation, thus shortening operation time and improving flap survival rate, with good clinical effects.


Assuntos
Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Adulto , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Perna (Membro) , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Coxa da Perna , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(1): 38-43, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396985

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the clinicopathological features of pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma (PAIS), and to understand its molecular alterations. Methods: Sixty cases of pulmonary artery endarterectomy performed at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China from January 2017 to January 2020 were reviewed. Clinical data of 5 patients with pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry staining and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed to evaluate the pathological features. RNA sequencing was conducted to assess the fusion gene changes in PAIS. Results: The detection rate of PAIS was 8.3% (5/60), with the median age of 49 years and a female predominance. Their clinical manifestations were non-specific. Histopathological examination showed that the tumors were composed of malignant spindle or epithelioid cells, with various degrees of atypia. Focal heterologous osteosarcomatous or leiomyosarcomatous differentiation was noted. The tumor cells could express PDGFRA, CDK4 and MDM2 with co-amplification of MDM2, CDK4 and EGFR genes. RNA sequencing detected multiple in-frame fusions in the tumors. Conclusions: PAIS is a rare, highly heterogeneous, and poorly-or un-differentiated sarcoma accompanied by complex changes of multiple genes.It has no known effective treatments, and thus has a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Sarcoma , Neoplasias Vasculares , Biomarcadores Tumorais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Vasculares/genética , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 45-55, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the prenatal clinical characteristics of women with single pregnancies undergoing external cephalic version (ECV) without anesthesia, develop a novel scoring system for predicting the ECV success rate, and demonstrate that this scoring system can be used to individualize the timing of ECV attempts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 270 women who underwent ECV without anesthesia at 37-40 weeks of gestation in the Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital from 2016 to 2019 and divided them into two ECV outcome groups (success vs. failure). We identified five clinical features (the fetal buttocks' station, the sum of the fundal height and station, the fetal head location, and whether the fetal head or buttocks could be grasped) as independent factors affecting the ECV success rate, and we scored them using a regression coefficient. RESULTS: Women with scores of 0-3 points had ECV success rates, vaginal delivery rates, and delivery gestational ages at 16.67%, 16.67%, and 38.88 weeks, respectively; those with scores of 4-6 points had ECV success rates, vaginal delivery rates, and delivery gestational ages at 65.75%, 58.90%, and 39.62 weeks, respectively; and those with scores of 7-9 points had ECV success rates, vaginal delivery rates, and delivery gestational ages at 93.71%,74.83%, and 40.00 weeks, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The ECV success and vaginal delivery rates increased with the score, and the delivery gestational age showed an initial increase. To optimize the ECV procedure and reduce the hospital burden, this scoring system should be used routinely to predict the ECV success rate and determine the timing of ECV attempts.


Assuntos
Apresentação Pélvica , Parto Obstétrico , Idade Gestacional , Versão Fetal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
15.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 72(1): 53-59, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955742

RESUMO

A new trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline (trans-Hyp) producing Bacillus cereus HBL-AI, was isolated from the air, which was screened just using l-proline as carbon and energy sources. This strain exhibited 73·4% bioconversion rate from initial l-proline (3 g l-1 ) to trans-Hyp. By sequencing the genome of this bacterium, 6244 coding sequences were obtained. Genome annotation analysis and functional expression were used to identify the proline-4-hydroxylase (BP4H) in HBL-AI. This enzyme belonged to a family of 2-oxoglutarate-related dioxygenases, which required 2-oxoglutarate and O2 as co-substrates for the reaction. Homologous modelling indicated that the enzyme had two monomers and contained conserved motifs, which included a distorted 'jelly roll' ß strand core and the residues (HXDXnH and RXS). The engineering Escherichia coli 3 Δ W3110/pTrc99a-proba-bp4h was constructed using BP4H, which transformed glucose to trans-Hyp in one step with high concentration of 46·2 g l-1 . This strategy provides a green and efficient method for synthesis of trans-Hyp and thus has a great potential in industrial application.


Assuntos
Bacillus cereus/enzimologia , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Hidroxiprolina/biossíntese , Prolil Hidroxilases/metabolismo , Bacillus cereus/genética , Bacillus cereus/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus cereus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Ácidos Cetoglutáricos/metabolismo , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Prolina/metabolismo , Prolil Hidroxilases/genética
16.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 830-836, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355757

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prenatal diagnosis, integrated management and prognosis of fetal complete transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) detected by ultrasonography. Methods: The prenatal diagnosis, integrated management and prognosis of 19 D-TGA fetuses found by ultrasound during pregnancy in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2014 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The incidence of D-TGA was 0.12% (19/16 028) among fetuses diagnosed by ultrasound during 5 years. Among the 19 cases, there were 7 cases (7/19) of D-TGA alone, 7 cases (7/19) of D-TGA combined with ventricular septal defect (VSD), 5 cases (5/19) of D-TGA combined with other cardiac malformations; 2 cases (2/19) of D-TGA combined with extra cardiac malformations, and 1 case (1/19) of fetal growth restriction. Nuchal translucency (NT) thickening was found in 3 cases (3/19) at the first trimester of pregnancy. Among the 19 D-TGA fetuses found by ultrasound examination, 18 (18/19) had chromosome karyotype analysis of fetuses or newborns, and chromosomal abnormalities were found in 2 cases, all of which were terminated in the second trimester of pregnancy. The integrated management and multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of D-TGA fetuses during pregnancy and perinatal period were carried out. Nine cases (9/19) had induction in the second trimester of pregnancy, 10 cases (10/19) were delivered at term, and the gestational week of delivery was (38.3±0.7) weeks, among which 6 cases (6/10) were delivered by caesarean section due to obstetric factors, and 4 cases (4/10) were delivered by vaginal birth. The oxygen saturation was (69.2±11.3)% at birth and (77.8±6.7)% when transferred to the department of pediatrics. Except for one case lost to follow-up, the other 9 newborns received operation. The average operation time was (21.8±22.1) days after birth, 8 cases (8/9) completed one operation and 1 case (1/9) performed two operations. All of the 9 cases treated by surgery were followed up well. Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis, individualized evaluation and integrated management during pregnancy and perinatal period should be carried out for the patients with fetal D-TGA detected by ultrasound. Fetal D-TGA is not an indication of cesarean section. The open of ductus arteriosus can be maintained with drugs when necessary after birth, and a good prognosis could be obtained through surgery.


Assuntos
Estudos Retrospectivos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Artérias , Cesárea , Criança , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Assistência Perinatal , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Prognóstico , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892584

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of sound insulation improvement on the noise exposure of workers in the operation room of hot rolling line for wide and heavy plate. Methods: From September 2019 to September 2017, based on the occupational health Survey, the data of 25 fixed operation rooms and workers in operation rooms of a steel rolling production line were collected retrospectively, the noise exposure levels before and after the improvement of sound insulation were statistically analyzed. Results: The noise exposure value of the workers, the qualified rate of 0 Grade 8 hours equivalent noise (L(EX, 8 h)) ≤85 dB (A) and the qualified rate of the design limit value of the operation room were all higher than those before the modification, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01) , after the renovation, the Class II and above noise hazards were eliminated, the equivalent continuous a sound level (L(Aeq, 8 h)) >75 dB (A) of the workers in the operation room was 8h, and the noise level in the operation room still did not meet the Ergonomics limit standard. Conclusion: The improvement of sound insulation can effectively improve the working environment of noise workplace operating room and reduce the workers'noise exposure level.


Assuntos
Metalurgia , Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aço , Local de Trabalho
18.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(7): 514-518, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842333

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the features of the full-field electroretinogram (FERG) in patients with ocular surface alkaline injury, and to clarify the clinical significance of FERG examination in alkaline ocular trauma. Methods: Retrospective series of case study. A total of 22 patients with chemical ocular surface injury who were treated in the Department of Ophthalmology of Peking University Third Hospital from May 2018 to January 2020 were selected, including 20 males (25 eyes) and 2 females (2 eyes). The age ranged from 19 to 60 years old (average, 41). There were 17 eyes with alkaline ocular trauma, 7 eyes with thermal burn, and 3 eyes with acid ocular trauma. Seventeen contralateral healthy eyes in patients with unilateral mechanical trauma were used as controls. Fourteen alkaline trauma eyes with visual acuity records were further observed according to the degree of visual impairment. All patients were subjected to different flash intensity stimuli in accordance with a standard of the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision for dark-adapted and light-adapted full-field FERG. One-way ANOVA and SNK-q was used for the comparison between groups. The unpaired t test was used for the comparison of patients with different vision. Results: Compared with healthy eyes the injured eyes' amplitude of dark adaption FERG b-wave under the dark stimulation of 0.01 cd·s·m-2 in alkaline ocular trauma, thermal burn, acid ocular trauma was (135±85), (169±55), and (112±43) versus (341±53) µV, respectively; compared with healthy eyes, the differences were statistically significant (F=31.38; q=8.94, 5.70, 5.45;all P<0.01). Compared with healthy eyes the injured eyes' amplitude of dark adaption FERG a-wave under the dark stimulation of 3.00 cd·s·m-2 in alkaline ocular trauma, thermal burn, acid ocular trauma was (178±78), (172±35), and (99±53) versus (334±60) µV, respectively; compared with healthy eyes, the differences were statistically significant (F=24.33; q=7.04, 5.60, 5.80;all P<0.01). Compared with healthy eyes the injured eyes' amplitude of dark adaption FERG b-wave under the dark stimulation of 3.00 cd·s·m-2 in alkaline ocular trauma, thermal burn, acid ocular trauma was (354±79), (342±77), and (352±201) versus (600±78) µV, respectively; compared with healthy eyes, the differences were statistically significant (F=27.68; q=8.11, 6.51, 4.48; all P<0.01). Compared with healthy eyes the injured eyes' amplitude of dark adaption FERG OPs under the dark stimulation of 3.00 cd·s·m-2 in alkaline ocular trauma, thermal burn, acid ocular trauma was (97±54), (107±41), and (45±22) versus (206±32) µV, respectively; compared with healthy eyes, the differences were statistically significant (F=25.03; q=7.36, 5.13, 5.96; all P<0.01).There was no significant difference in FERG between patients with visual acuity≥0.2 and those with visual acuity<0.2 (P>0.05) after alkaline ocular trauma. Conclusions: By detecting the amplitude change of FERG wave form of chemical ocular trauma, in this study, the amplitude of FERG wave form in alkaline ocular trauma was generally decreased. It's suggested that alkaline ocular trauma can cause damage to the rod and cone systems of retinal. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 514-518).


Assuntos
Eletrorretinografia , Doenças Retinianas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retina , Células Fotorreceptoras Retinianas Cones , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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