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1.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(5): 437-443, 2022 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511640

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, molecular changes, differential diagnosis and prognosis of eosinophilic vacuolated tumor (EVT) of the kidney. Methods: Four cases were collected retrospectively from 2014 to 2020 at Ningbo Diagnostic Pathology Center. The clinicopathologic features and immunophenotypic profile were studied by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel was used to detect cancer-associated mutation. Follow-up and literature review were also performed. Results: Among the 4 patients studied,2 were males and 2 were females. The age of the patients ranged from 44 to 63 years (the mean age: 51 years).Tumor size ranged from 1.5 to 4.2 cm (mean: 2.3 cm). Microscopically, tumors were well-circumscribed, unencapsulated. Thick-walled vessels and entrapped renal tubules were found within or at the periphery of the tumors. The tumors were predominantly composed of nest pattern, and focal tubular pattern. The tumor cells exhibited abundant, eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm and conspicuous, large nucleoli. Prominent intracytoplasmic vacuoles were seen. These cytoplasmic vacuoles varied in size and frequently coalesced into a large space. Loose fibromatous or hyaline stroma was focally noted. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells in all cases exhibited a CD117+/CK7-phenotype. All cases were positive for CD10 and p504s. MTOR, S6 and cathepsin K were positive in 4 cases. TFE3, CA9, Melan A and HMB45 were negative in all cases. SDHB retained expression. NGS demonstrated MTOR mutations in all cases, and TSC2 mutation in 2 cases. Conclusions: EVT is a rarely oncocytic renal tumor with unique morphology, immunohistochemical phenotype, molecular profile and an indolent behavior. Recognition of the characteristics of this novel but rare entity will allow for better classification of renal tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
3.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 354-359, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511662

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the possible role of pyroptosis of lens epithelial cells (LECs) in the occurrence of diabetic cataract. Methods: Experimental research. A total of 70 cataract lens anterior capsule and aqueous humor samples were obtained from 70 eyes (70 patients) with cataracts in the operation room of Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital between March 2020 and November 2020. Patients were divided into the non-diabetic and diabetic groups, with 35 patients (35 eyes) in each group. The expressions of Nod like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), cysteine-aspartic proteases 1 (caspase-1) and Gasdermin D protein (GSDMD) in the lens anterior capsule were detected by Western blotting, real-time quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical staining. Interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-18 inaqueous humor were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The independent sample t-test was used for statistical analysis. Results: The age was (70±9) years in the diabetic group and (71±8) years in the non-diabetic group. There was no significant difference in age and gender distribution between the two groups (both P>0.05). Western blotting analysis showed that the expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD protein in the LECs of anterior capsule were 1.11±0.06, 0.95±0.04 and 0.39±0.03 in the diabetic group, significantly higher than those of the non-diabetic group (0.81±0.04, 0.33±0.11 and 0.16±0.04; t=4.38, 5.36, 4.63; all P<0.05). Real-time quantitative PCR showed that the levels of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD mRNA in the LECs of anterior capsule were 1.98±0.07, 54.36±4.88 and 6.98±1.18 in the diabetic group, significantly higher than those of the non-diabetic group (1.38±0.16, 15.31±1.51 and 2.41±0.95; t=3.49, 7.64, 3.00, all P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the average gray values of NLRP3, caspase-1 and GSDMD in the diabetic group were higher than those of the non-diabetic group (all P˂0.01). ELISA showed that the levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 in the aqueous humor were (4.178±0.028) fg/L and (20.983±0.018) fg/L in the diabetic group, significantly higher than those of the non-diabetic group [(4.063±0.017) fg/L and (20.509±0.073) fg/L; t=20.63, 37.21; both P˂0.01]. Conclusion: Caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis of LECs and the release of inflammatory mediators induced by pyroptosis may be involved in the occurrence and development of diabetic cataract.


Assuntos
Catarata , Diabetes Mellitus , Idoso , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspases , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Piroptose
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7864, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550565

RESUMO

Design inspiration comes from the continuous stimulation of external information and the continuous accumulation of knowledge. In order to obtain an ideal design inspiration from nature, researchers have proposed a large number of biological information retrieval and knowledge acquisition methods. But how to purposefully acquire valuable biological knowledge in order to effectively stimulate design inspiration and produce the novel and feasible designs idea is still an urgent problem to be solved. This paper proposes a method for acquiring valuable biological knowledge to efficiently stimulate inspiration and quickly conceive solutions in engineering design. First, keywords, such as the functional requirements and key components of design objects, are selected as the engineering terminologies. Next, biological keywords related to the engineering terminologies are searched from the biological dictionary and biology websites. Then in order to retrieve enough biological knowledge, these biological keywords are expanded manually and automatically respectively based on Thesaurus Webpage and WordNet database, and expanded keywords are filtered according to repeated words and different forms of the same words. Finally, in the biological knowledge base, biological keywords that had been filtered are used to obtain biological knowledge with Python web crawler programming. Through an example of application for ship equipment, the effectiveness of the method is verified.

5.
Poult Sci ; 101(7): 101875, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544956

RESUMO

B-cell translocation genes (BTG) have been proved to play important roles in carbohydrate metabolism through modifying insulin homeostasis and glucose metabolism. This study, therefore, was conducted to investigate the effects of exogenous insulin on the expression of BTG1 and BTG2 in chickens. Twenty-four-day-old broilers and layers were fasted for 16 h and randomly assigned to insulin treatment group (subcutaneously injected with 5 IU/kg body weight) or control group (received an equivalent volume of phosphate-buffered saline). Blood glucose concentration was measured, and it showed that the blood glucose concentrations in the layers were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that in the broilers under fasting state. Response to exogenous insulin, the blood glucose concentrations were greatly reduced in both breeds. Of note, the blood glucose concentration restored to 62% of the basal state at 240 min (P < 0.05) after insulin stimulation in layers, whereas it was still in low level until 240 min in broilers (under fast state). Tissue profiling revealed that both BTG1 and BTG2 were abundantly expressed in the skeletal muscles of broilers. A negative correlation was observed between blood glucose and BTG1 (ρ = -0.289, P = 0.031) /BTG2 (ρ = -0.500, P < 0.001) in pectoralis, and BTG1 (ρ = -0.462, P < 0.001) in pancreas. As blood glucose decreased due to exogenous insulin administration (under fast state), the expression of both BTG1 and BTG2 notably upregulated in birds' pectoralis at 120 min and/or 240 min, meanwhile pancreas BTG1 was also upregulated. Re-feeding at 120 min elevated the blood glucose and reduced the expression of BTG genes in pectoralis generally. In addition, the change of BTG1 and BTG2 expression showed distinct difference between layers and broilers at 120 min and 240 min after insulin stimulation in pectoralis, pancreas and heart tissue; even after re-feeding at 120 min, BTG2 expression at 240 min after insulin injection was downregulated in the pectoralis of layers, while it was upregulated in that broilers. Collectively, these results indicated that response to exogenous insulin, chicken blood glucose exhibited breed-specific dynamic change, and meanwhile the expressions of both BTG1 and BTG2 genes in chickens were significantly altered by exogenous insulin in a breed- and tissue-specific manner. BTG1 and BTG2 genes may negatively regulate bird's blood glucose by promoting the glucose uptake corporately in pectoralis, and through regulating the insulin secretion in pancreas (especially BTG1).

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527439

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of allergen spectrum in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Xinjiang area in recent 13 years. Methods: The skin prick test (SPT) results of 5 019 AR patients from 2007 to 2019 were retrospectively summarized, and 14 allergens of different age, gender and race were analyzed. Results: The distribution of 14 allergens was significantly different in different years, the difference was significant (P<0.05). The top three positive rates of 14 allergens were quinoa 48.2% (2 398/4 970), plantain 33.3% (1 221/3 667), and Artemisia 33.1% (1 647/4 974). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of dog epithelium between different genders and ages (χ²=0.041, P>0.05; χ²=3.8, P>0.05), the difference of other allergen in positive rates was statistically significant (all P<0.05). The positive rates of Alternaria Alternata (χ²=7.3), Penicillium Sp. (χ²=0.3), Cat Epithelium (χ²=3.1), Dust Mite (χ²=1.4), Acaroid Mite (χ²=0.5) and Cockroach (χ²=2.9) had no significant difference among different races (all P>0.05). The positive rates of other eight allergens including Artemisia Vulgaris (χ²=64.9), Chenopodium (χ²=204.1), Artemisiifolia (χ²=72.4), Plantain (χ²=87.8), Phleum Pratense L(χ²=55.4), Robinia Pseudoacacia (χ²=67.8), Canis Familiari (χ²=70.8), Dog Epithelium (χ²=15.7) were significantly different among different races (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The distribution of allergens in Xinjiang area changes with time, the main allergens are mainly herbaceous, and the distribution of allergens in patients with AR is different in gender, age and race.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Rinite Alérgica , Alérgenos , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pyroglyphidae , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Cutâneos
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(4): 402-406, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545565

RESUMO

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate myocardial work in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis by using left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Methods: 70 cases with hepatitis B cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from March to December 2020 were selected as the study group. Patients were divided into three subgroups according to the Child-Pugh score of liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A, B, and C groups: 25, 25, and 20 patients, respectively). At the same time, 25 healthy volunteers were included as the control group. Global longitudinal strain (GLS), global myocardial work index (GWI), global work efficiency (GWE), global constructive work (GCW), and global wasted work (GWW) were obtained by applying pressure-strain loops. The differences were analyzed and compared among the four groups parameters. Results: Compared with the control group, the Child-Pugh class A group had decreased GLS, while Child-Pugh class B and C had decreased GLS, GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with Child-Pugh class A group, Child-Pugh class B group had decreased GLS, GWE, and increased GWW, while Child-Pugh class C group had decreased GLS,GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with Child-Pugh class B group, Child-Pugh class C group had decreased GLS, GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The pressure-strain loop can detect early myocardial dysfunction, and has a certain value in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis evaluation of myocardial function changes in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Hepatite B , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Miocárdio , Volume Sistólico
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(4): 407-412, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545566

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of primary preventive treatment under endoscope for esophageal and gastric varices on bleeding rate and its relevant factors. Methods: 127 cases with liver cirrhosis accompanied with esophageal and gastric varices without bleeding history were included in the endoscopic and non-endoscopic treatment group, respectively. Informed consent was obtained from both groups. Gastric varices (Lgf) and esophageal varices (Leg) were diagnosed according to LDRf classification criteria, and the corresponding treatment scheme was selected according to the recommended principle of this method.The incidence rate of bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices were observed at 3, 6 months, and 1, and 2 years in the treated and the untreated group, and the patients with different Child-Pugh scores were followed-up for 2 years. Gender, age, etiology, varicose degree, Child-Pugh grade, platelet count, prothrombin activity, portal vein thrombosis, collateral circulation, portal vein width and other factors affecting the bleeding rate were assessed. Measurement data were described as mean ± standard deviation (x¯±s), and qualitative data of categorical variables were expressed as percentage (%), and χ2 test was used. Results: 127 cases were followed up for 2 years. There were 55 cases in the endoscopic treatment group (18 cases underwent band ligation, 2 cases underwent band ligation combined with tissue adhesive embolization, 28 cases underwent sclerotherapy, and 7 cases underwent sclerotherapy combined with tissue adhesive embolization). Recurrent bleeding and hemorrhage was occurred in 5 (9.1%) and 28 cases (38.9%), respectively (P<0.05). In addition, there were 72 cases in the untreated group (P<0.05). Severe varicose veins proportions in treated and untreated group were 91.1% and 85.1%, respectively (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in liver cirrhosis-related medication and ß-blocker therapy between the treated and untreated group (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the bleeding rate between the different treated groups (P>0.05). The bleeding rates at 3, 6 months, 1, and 2 years in endoscopic treated and untreated group were 2.00% vs. 2.59% (P>0.05), 2.30% vs. 5.88% (P>0.05), 3.10% vs. 7.55% (P>0.05) and 4.00% vs. 21.62% (P<0.05), respectively. All patients with Child-Pugh grade A, B and C in the treated and the untreated group were followed-up for 2 years, and the bleeding rates were 1.8% vs. 8.1% (P<0.05), 1.1% vs. 9.4% (P<0.05) and 9.1% vs. 10.1% (P>0.05), respectively. There were statistically significant differences in the rupture and bleeding of esophageal and gastric varices, varices degree, Child-Pugh grade and presence or absence of thrombosis formation in portal vein (P<0.05); however, no statistically significant differences in gender, age, etiology, platelet count, prothrombin activity, collateral circulation and portal vein width (P>0.05). There was no intraoperative bleeding and postoperative related serious complications in the treated group. Conclusion: The risk of initial episodes of bleeding from esophageal and gastric varices is significantly correlated with the varices degree, Child-Pugh grade, and portal vein thrombosis. Primary preventive treatment under endoscope is safe and effective for reducing the long-term variceal bleeding risk from esophageal and gastric varices.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hipertensão Portal , Adesivos Teciduais , Varizes , Trombose Venosa , Endoscópios/efeitos adversos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/complicações , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Ligadura , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Protrombina , Escleroterapia , Trombose Venosa/complicações
9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 30(4): 419-425, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545568

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic value of liver function in a large samples of patients with anti-glycoprotein 210 (gp210 antibody) positive primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 931 PBC cases in Beijing You'an Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from 2010 to 2019. According to the detection of gp210 antibody, 318 cases were divided into gp210 antibody positive group (positive group) and 613 cases were divided into gp210 antibody negative group (negative group). The differences in demographic, medical history, clinical indicators, B-ultrasound and pathological indicators as well as the histopathological basis were compared between the two groups. SPSS 16.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Measurement data were analyzed by t-test or rank sum test, and enumeration data by χ2 test. Multivariate analysis was used for logistic test, and and survival analysis was used for prognosis. Results: The positive and the negative groups were compared. The ratio of male to female was significantly higher in positive than negative group (1:5.35 vs. 1:9.73, P<0.05), and the difference was statistically significant. The proportion of hormone use in history of past diagnosed and treated was higher in positive than negative group (12.9% vs. 3.47%, P<0.05), and the difference was statistically significant. The detection of biochemical indexes such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were higher in positive than the negative group (51.1 U/L vs. 41.1 U/L, 62.6 U/L vs. 49.6 U/L, 24.1 µmol/L vs. 17.9 µmol/L, 228.3 U/L vs. 169.6 U/L, 203.9 U/L vs. 147.6 U/L), (P<0.05), and the differences were statistically significant. Antinuclear antibody (ANA)-positive rate, high titer ratio and immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels were higher in positive than negative group (95.2% vs. 81.6%, 69.7% vs. 48.8%, 17.2 g/L vs. 16.2 g/L), (P<0.05), and the differences were statistically significant. The incidence of liver failure was higher in positive than negative group (P<0.05). CK7 and inflammation score were higher in positive group than negative group in liver histopathological observations (0.83±0.53 vs. 0.28±0.47; 1.06±0.39 vs. 0.54±0.65), (P<0.05), and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: The illness condition of patients with gp210 antibody positive PBC is more severe than patients with gp210 antibody negative PBC, and the incidence of liver failure is significantly increased. Cholangiocytes may be the histopathological basis of the clinical characteristics of gp210 antibody positive PBC patients.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Falência Hepática , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Autoanticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395105

RESUMO

Lactic acid can induce sublethal injury of E. coli through oxidative stress. In this study, we investigated changes in SOD activity, CAT activity, GSH production and ROS production during sublethal injury and resuscitation of E. coli. Then, the effect of manganese and iron during resuscitation were studied. Both cations (≥1 mmol l-1 ) significantly promoted the resuscitation of sublethally injured E. coli induced by lactic acid and shortened the repair time (P < 0·05). Conversely, addition of N,N,N',N'-tetrakis (2-pyridylmethyl) which is a metal chelator extended the repair time. Compared with minA, manganese and iron significantly improved SOD activity at 40, 80 and 120 min and decreased ROS production at 40 and 80 min, thereby recovering injured E. coli quickly (P < 0·05). The deletion of sodA encoding Mn-SOD, sodB encoding Fe-SOD or gshA/gshB encoding GSH significantly strengthened sublethal injury and extended the repair time (P < 0·05). It meant these genes-related oxidative stress played important roles in the acid resistance of E. coli and recovery of sublethal injury. Therefore, manganese and iron can promote the recovery of lactic-injured E. coli by the way of increasing SOD activity, scavenging ROS, and relieving oxidative stress.

11.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-10, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382668

RESUMO

1. The purpose of this study was to see how dietary supplementation with phenylpyruvate affected broiler growth, slaughter performance, gut health microbiota and immunity. This information can be used to develop alternative approaches to antibiotic replacement in modern poultry production and health.2. A total of 288, one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to one of four groups (six replicates each replicate has 12 chickens). A control basal diet (NC), basal diet plus antibiotic virginiamycin 15ppm (PC), basal diet plus phenylpyruvate 1 kg/t or 2 kg/t, respectively (LCP and HCP).3. Results showed that the birds in the PC group had higher ADFI during the first 21 d, and better FCR than the NC group. The HCP-fed group had a higher all-eviscerated ratio than the NC group and less abdominal fat than the birds fed LCP. The birds fed HCP had increased villus length and crypt depth in the ileum compared to the NC group.4. The bursa index was lower in the HCP group whereas the thymus index was lower in LCP and PC groups. In contrast, birds fed HCP has lower pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1, as well as lower TLR4. Phenylpyruvate improved number in the Selenomonadaceae, genus Megamonas bacteroides spp., which are known for their beneficial effects on the maintenance of the cell surface structure, regulating aromatic amino acids and Clostridia jejuni-suppressive treatment respectively.5. It was concluded that phenylpyruvate can be utilised in feed to improve growth performance and positively modulate gut microbiota. However, this was less efficient than antibiotics in improving growth performance, although more efficient in improving productive performance and gut morphology. Moreover, a high dose of phenylpyruvate is more effective than a low dose.

12.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 26(4): 407-414, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several studies have documented that dietary fiber was inversely associated with a variety of diseases, but the association of dietary fiber with the prognosis of older adults with hypertension is unknown. The aim was to assess the association of dietary fiber with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in older adults with hypertension. METHODS: This study enrolled 4906 participants (51.6% were female) aged 65 years or older with hypertension in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2014 and ascertained mortality through December 31, 2015. Dietary fiber intake data were assessed by using a 24-h recall survey. Participants were grouped by dietary fiber intake quartiles: Q1(fiber < 10.20, g/day), Q2 (10.20 ≤ fiber < 14.45, g/day), Q3 (14.45 ≤ fiber < 19.85, g/day), and Q4 (19.85 ≤ fiber, g/day). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the associations of dietary fiber intake with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and restricted cubic spline models were applied to reveal the relationship between dietary fiber intake and mortality. RESULTS: Over the median follow-up duration of 70 months (interquartile range: 38-100 months), 1369 participants were determined as all-cause mortality (27.9%) and 270 participants were identified as cardiovascular mortality (5.5%). In the fully adjusted model, the higher dietary fiber intake group was associated with relatively lower all-cause (Q4 vs Q1: 0.68 (0.58, 0.80); P for trend <0.001) and cardiovascular mortality (Q4 vs Q1: 0.64 (0.45, 0.92); P for trend =0.010). The non-linear relationship was not observed between dietary fiber intake and all-cause or cardiovascular mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Higher dietary fiber intake was significantly associated with decreased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in older adults with hypertension. Increasing dietary fiber intake may improve the prognosis of older adults with hypertension.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Fibras na Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 422-426, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488537

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of anthrax in China from 2017 to 2019 and molecular typing of Bacillus anthracis isolated from some provinces (autonomous regions). Methods: Surveillance data of anthrax cases reported from 2017 to 2019 in the Infectious Disease Surveillance information System of China Disease Prevention and Control and the Public Health Emergency Reporting and Management Information System were collected, and descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the epidemic characteristics, including the temporal, geographic and demographic distribution of this disease. A total of 47 strains of Bacillus anthracis isolated from 2017 to 2019 were analyzed by canSNP and MLVA15. Results: A total of 951 cases of anthrax were reported from 2017 to 2019, of which 938 were cutaneous anthrax, representing 98.63% of the total number reported. It was mainly distributed in the west and northeast of China, and the three provinces with the highest number of cases were Gansu (215), Sichuan (202) and Qinghai (191). Cases had been reported throughout the year, more cases occurred in the summer and autumn, and August was the month with the most cases,66.35% (211/318), 72.32% (243/336) and 68.01% (202/297) of cases were reported during June to September. The age distribution was mainly between 20 and 59 years old, accounting for more than 80% of all cases. The number of male cases was significantly higher than that of female cases, the ratio of male to female was about 3∶1. The occupations were mainly herdsmen and farmers, accounting for 49.70% to 58.18% and 31.45% to 36.70%, respectively. Public health events occurred every year, and 29 events had been reported from 2017 to 2019. canSNP analysis showed that 37 of the 47 strains belonged to the A.Br.001/002 subgroup and 10 belonged to the A.Br.Ames subgroup. MLVA15 analysis showed that there were 17 genotypes, of which 10 genotypes contained only one strain. Conclusion: Cutaneous anthrax was the predominant clinical type in China from 2017 to 2019.The seasonal, geographic and demographic distribution characteristics were evident.Molecular typing methods such as canSNP and MLVA15 can be used to trace the source of infectious diseases and provide technical support for anthrax prevention and control.


Assuntos
Antraz , Bacillus anthracis , Adulto , Antraz/epidemiologia , Antraz/prevenção & controle , Bacillus anthracis/genética , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tipagem Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Dermatopatias Bacterianas , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(4): 271-277, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484659

RESUMO

Objective: To detect the incidence and analyze the clinical significance of regions of homozygosity (ROH) through the single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Methods: The SNP array detection results of 5 116 pregnant women in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The pregnant women with ROH (5 Mb as the threshold) were followed up to analyze the relationship between ROH and abnormal fetal phenotype. Whole exon sequencing was performed in 4 cases of consanguineous marriage to detect potential recessive causative genes in the ROH region. Results: (1) A total of 39 cases of ROH were detected, with a positive rate of 0.76% (39/5 116). Among them, 25 cases (64%, 25/39) were detected only on single chromosome, and chromosome 11 had the highest detection rate, suggesting the risk of uniparental disomy; fourteen cases (36%,14/39) were detected on multiple chromosomes, most commonly on chromosomes 11, 1, 3, 4 and 8. (2) The number of cases and detection rate of ROH detected by different prenatal diagnosis indicators were as follows: 12 cases (1.78%, 12/676) in pregnant women with abnormal non-invasive prenatal testing result, 12 cases (0.37%, 12/3 284) in pregnant women with ultrasound abnormality, 4 cases (4/4) in pregnant women with consanguineous marriage, 3 cases (0.92%, 3/326) in pregnant women with previous adverse pregnancy, 2 cases (1.15%, 2/174) in pregnant women with high risk of serology in screening, 2 cases (4.00%, 2/50) in pregnant women with abnormal fetal chromosomal karyotype, 2 cases (0.79%, 2/253) in pregnant women with advanced maternal age, 1 case (0.56%, 1/178) in pregnant women with related parental genetic factors and 1 case (0.58%, 1/171) in pregnant women with the other factors. (3) The follow-up results of 39 cases of prenatal ROH showed that there were 16 cases of term birth, 15 cases of termination of pregnancy, 2 cases of preterm births, 1 case of fetal death and 5 cases lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Chromosomal ROH phenomenon is not rare. By analyzing the detection rate of ROH in prenatal diagnosis, combined with the results of fetal phenotype and postpartum follow-up, the clinical characteristics of ROH are discussed, so as to better understand the relationship between ROH and its phenotype.


Assuntos
Cariótipo Anormal , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(3): 355-359, 2022 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381659

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the application value of new biological specimen oral fluid in SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid and antibody detection. Oral fluid and paired respiratory and blood specimens from 7 confirmed cases of two COVID-19 cluster epidemic were collected in Beijing from October to November 2021. SARS-CoV-2 virus and IgG antibody were detected by real time PCR kits and serum antibody detection reagents, and SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody in oral fluids was detected by a new established method of magnetic particle chemiluminescence. The results showed that the nucleic acid amplification test of SARS-CoV-2 on nasopharyngeal swabs, throat swabs and oral fluid specimens from 3 confirmed cases of COVID-19 was positive, among which the Ct value for ORF1a/b and N gene of oral fluid samples in 2 cases was close to that of throat swab, and the Ct value of oral fluid sample for 1 case was higher than that of throat swab. The complete genome sequence of one oral fluid specimen was obtained, which belonged to the VOC/Delta variant strain. The SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies of the paired oral fluid and serum were all positive, and the S/CO values of oral fluid were all lower than those of serum. The series of oral fluid results showed that SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody level increased from 11 to 32 days after the onset of the disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ácidos Nucleicos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 33(5): 39, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482256

RESUMO

Inspired by Meyers et al. (Science, 2013), a piecewise model is established so as to individually predict both the heel region and the linear region of stress-strain curve. When the piecewise model satisfactorily predicts the experimental data, the constitutive parameters are precisely identified with definite physical significances. Along with this piecewise guideline, a complete constitutive model can be established for the whole stress-strain curve of collagen fiber tissues with the failure region as well. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular , Pele , Colágeno
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 222-226, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma and to improve the level of early clinical diagnosis. METHODS: The clinical data of children diagnosed with basal ganglia germinoma admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Ward of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were included in the study, 28 were male, 2 were female, the mean age at onset was (9.7±2.2) years, the median disease duration was 7 months, 27 had unilateral disease, and 3 had bilateral disease. The clinical manifestations were decreased limb muscle strength, cognitive function disorders, polydipsia, precocious puberty, intracranial hypertension, dysphonia and swallowing dysfunction. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal in the 30 patients, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker ß-human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-HCG) were normal in 8 patients.The serum ß-HCG was normal in 11 patients but the cerebrospinal fluid ß-HCG was slightly elevated, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid ß-HCG were slightly elevated in 11 patients. A total of 33 lesions with irregular shapes were found by imaging examination, including 15 (45.5%) patchy lesions, 10 (30.3%) patchy lesions, and 8 (24.2%) round-like high-density lesions. Tumors showed obvious high-density shadows on computed tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the tumors showed low or isointensity on T1WI and isointensity on T2WI, accompanied by mild peritumoral edema, hemispheric atrophy, cerebral peduncle atrophy, calcification, cystic degeneration, ventricular dilatation and wallerian degeneration. On contrast-enhanced scans, the tumor showed no enhancement or heterogeneous enhancement. CONCLUSION: The main age of onset of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia in children is about 10 years old, and males are absolutely dominant. The clinical features and imaging manifestations have certain characteristics. With both combined, the early diagnosis of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia can be improved.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Germinoma , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas , Atrofia/complicações , Atrofia/patologia , Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem , Gânglios da Base/metabolismo , Gânglios da Base/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Gonadotropina Coriônica Humana Subunidade beta , Feminino , Germinoma/complicações , Germinoma/diagnóstico , Germinoma/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 227-235, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of ozone (O3) concentrations measured with different approaches across different seasons on the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits, as well as the differentiation of such effects across different groups of patients. METHODS: The outpatient data of three grade A tertiary hospitals in Lanzhou City spanning from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2017, as well as air pollution and meteorological data during the same period were collected. Considering the nonlinear relationship between O3 concentrations and the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits and meteorological factors, a generalized additive temporal sequence model was employed to analyze the short-term association between changes in O3 concentrations and the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits. Taking into account of the variations in O3 concentrations within 1 day, this study adopted different measurement approaches to address the three types of O3 exposures, namely, the maximum 1 h daily concentration (O3max1h), the maximum 8 h daily concentration (O38h) and the mean 24 h daily concentration (O324h) as the short term exposure indicators to O3, followed by a model-based analysis. RESULTS: The increase in short-term exposure levels to O3 in summer had a significant effect on the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits. With lag0 for the current day, every 10 µg/m3 increase in atmospheric concentration of O3max1h was associated with an increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits by 3.351% (95%CI: 1.231%-5.516%); for every 10 µg/m3 increase in O38h concentration, the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits increased by 3.320% (95%CI: 0.197%-3.829%); for every 10 µg/m3increase in O324h concentration, the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits in summer increased by 6.600% (95%CI: 0.914%-12.607%); moreover, an increase in exposure to O3max1h also led to a significant rise in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits among the males. CONCLUSION: The increase in short-term exposure levels to O3 in summer in Lanzhou City has a significant effect on the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits; O3max1h is more closely correlated with the increase in the total number of childhood asthma-related clinical visits.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Asma , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado , Estações do Ano , Centros de Atenção Terciária
19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(4): 354-362, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462514

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the regulatory effects of bio-intensity electric field on the transformation of human skin fibroblasts (HSFs). Methods: The experimental research methods were used. HSFs were collected and divided into 200 mV/mm electric field group treated with 200 mV/mm electric field for 6 h and simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 6 h. Changes in morphology and arrangement of cells were observed in the living cell workstation; the number of cells at 0 and 6 h of treatment was recorded, and the rate of change in cell number was calculated; the direction of cell movement, movement velocity, and trajectory velocity within 3 h were observed and calculated (the number of samples was 34 in the simulated electric field group and 30 in 200 mV/mm electric field group in the aforementioned experiments); the protein expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in cells after 3 h of treatment was detected by immunofluorescence method (the number of sample was 3). HSFs were collected and divided into simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 3 h, and 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group which were treated with electric fields of corresponding intensities for 3 h. Besides, HSFs were divided into simulated electric field group placed in the electric field device without electricity for 6 h, and electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group treated with 200 mV/mm electric field for corresponding time. The protein expressions of α-SMA and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by Western blotting (the number of sample was 3). Data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test, one-way analysis of variance, independent sample t test, and least significant difference test. Results: After 6 h of treatment, compared with that in simulated electric field group, the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were elongated in shape and locally adhered; the cells in simulated electric field group were randomly arranged, while the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were arranged in a regular longitudinal direction; the change rates in the number of cells in the two groups were similar (P>0.05). Within 3 h of treatment, the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group had an obvious tendency to move toward the positive electrode, and the cells in simulated electric field group moved around the origin; compared with those in simulated electric field group, the movement velocity and trajectory velocity of the cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group were increased significantly (with Z values of -5.33 and -5.41, respectively, P<0.01), and the directionality was significantly enhanced (Z=-4.39, P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, the protein expression of α-SMA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group was significantly higher than that in simulated electric field group (t=-9.81, P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, the protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group were 1.195±0.057, 1.606±0.041, and 1.616±0.039, respectively, which were significantly more than 0.649±0.028 in simulated electric field group (P<0.01). Compared with that in 100 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly increased (P<0.01). The protein expressions of α-SMA of cells in electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group were 0.730±0.032, 1.561±0.031, and 1.553±0.045, respectively, significantly more than 0.464±0.020 in simulated electric field group (P<0.01). Compared with that in electric field treatment 1 h group, the protein expressions of α-SMA in electric field treatment 3 h group and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly increased (P<0.01). After 3 h of treatment, compared with that in simulated electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in 100 mV/mm electric field group, 200 mV/mm electric field group, and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in 100 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in 200 mV/mm electric field group and 400 mV/mm electric field group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in 200 mV/mm electric field group, the protein expression of PCNA of cells in 400 mV/mm electric field group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with that in simulated electric field group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 1 h group, electric field treatment 3 h group, and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly decreased (P<0.01); compared with that in electric field treatment 1 h group, the protein expressions of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 3 h group and electric field treatment 6 h group were significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01); compared with that in electric field treatment 3 h group, the protein expression of PCNA of cells in electric field treatment 6 h group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions: The bio-intensity electric field can induce the migration of HSFs and promote the transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, and the transformation displays certain dependence on the time and intensity of electric field.


Assuntos
Eletricidade , Fibroblastos , Pele , Actinas/biossíntese , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Humanos , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/fisiologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/biossíntese , Pele/citologia
20.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 38(4): 385-388, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462519

RESUMO

The wound healing time, tension of wound edge, proliferation of fibroblast, and extracellular matrix deposition are the important factors of scar formation, and botulinum toxin type A can regulate the above. Prevention and treatment of scar with botulinum toxin type A is one of the hot topics of clinical research in recent years. This paper briefly reviews researches by scholars at home and abroad on the mechanism, clinical application, complications, and adverse effects of botulinum toxin type A in scar prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A , Cicatriz , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/farmacologia , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Cicatriz/tratamento farmacológico , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
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