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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(18): 18192-18208, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021963

RESUMO

We investigated MAPK14-dependent resistance to sorafenib in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter assays in HCC cell lines showed that miR-216a-3p directly binds to the 3'UTR of MAPK14 mRNA and downregulates MAPK14 protein expression. Consequently, miR-216a-3p expression correlates inversely with MAPK14 protein levels in HCC patient tissues. miR-216a-3p overexpression significantly increases the sorafenib sensitivity of HCC cells by suppressing MAPK14 expression and reducing the subsequent activation of the MEK/ERK and ATF2 signaling pathways. The growth of xenograft tumors derived from miR-216a-3p-overexpression HCC cells was significantly diminished in sorafenib-treated Balb/c nude mice compared to controls. High miR-216a-3p levels in HCC tissue samples prior to treatment correlated with a better sorafenib response and favorable prognosis. Our findings thus demonstrate that miR-216a-3p enhances sorafenib sensitivity in HCC cells and tumor tissues by decreasing MAPK14 levels, thereby inhibiting the MAPK14-dependent MEK/ERK and ATF2 signaling.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025971

RESUMO

Unique hierarchical olive-like yolk-shell structured MnO@C composites were customized via an ingenious and effective biomass strategy. This structure, with internal void spaces, accommodated the volume variations of MnO, and the N-doped porous carbon shells ensured the rapid transport of Li+/electron species. When used as anodes for LIBs, ultrastable rate and cycling performances were obtained.

3.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(10): 651-660, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012733

RESUMO

Inhalation of silica particles leads to pulmonary inflammatory responses. Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) has been reported to played a protective role in inflammatory lung diseases. However, its role on silica particles-induced inflammation has not been fully clarified. In this study, THP-1 macrophages were exposed to 75 µg/cm2 silica particles with or without 2 µg/mL exogenous CC16 (recombinant CC16, rCC16) for 24 hr. The production of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1ß, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6, in the cell supernatants of different groups was detected through ELISA kits and real-time RT-PCR, respectively. The nuclear translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, protein levels of pro-IL-1ß, the nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 were evaluated via immunofluorescence or western blot. Results showed that, at 75 µg/cm2 silica particle concentration, the treatment of rCC16 significantly decreased IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-6 protein release and mRNA levels in THP-1 macrophages. Compared to those only exposed to silica particles, THP-1 macrophages exposed to both silica particles and rCC16 showed significantly lower nuclear levels and higher cytosol levels of NF-κB p65, as well as lower co-localization coefficients through immunofluorescence. Additionally, the administration of rCC16 significantly attenuated the increase of pro-IL-1ß, NLRP3 and caspase-1 levels induced by silica particle exposure. Our results suggested that exogenous CC16 could inhibit silica particles-induced inflammation in THP-1 macrophages, mainly through suppressing NF-κB pathway and caspase-1 activation.

4.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016706

RESUMO

The interactions between light and plasmonic charge oscillations in conducting materials are important venues for realizing nanoscale light manipulations. Conventional metal-based plasmonic devices lack tunability due to the fixed material permittivities. Here, we show that reconfigurable plasmonic functionalities can be achieved using the spatially controlled phase transitions in strongly correlated oxide films. The experimental results discussed here are enabled by a recently developed scanning probe-based technique that allows a nonvolatile, monoclinic-metal VO2 phase to be reversibly patterned at the nanoscale in ambient conditions. Using this technique, rewritable waveguides, spatially modulated plasmonic resonators, and reconfigurable wire-grid polarizers are successfully demonstrated. These structures, effectively controlling infrared lights through spatially confined mobile carriers, showcase a great potential for building programmable nanoplasmonic devices on correlated oxide platforms.

5.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017086

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morphological similarity of bilateral coronoid process. METHODS: A total of 128 sets of computed tomography images of bilateral coronoid process from patients between January 2015 and December 2016 were acquired for three-dimensional reconstruction to generate a coronoid process model. The patients were aged between 31.4 ± 9.3 years. The upper 40% of the coronoid process was trimmed as targeted fragment for morphological analysis. The height, length, width as well as the radius of the medial and lateral facet of the targeted fragment were compared in terms of laterality, age, and gender. To evaluate the similarity of the articular surface of the coronoid process, a local coordinate was created and coordinate transformation algorithm was developed to realign the bilateral coronoid process for the following matching. Then Delaunay triangulation was introduced for calculation of the area of the articular surface. After matching of articular surface of the upper 40% of bilateral coronoid process, the overlapping area of the articular surface was quantified to assess the similarity in morphology and compared in regard to age and gender. RESULTS: In this study, the height of the target fragment was 12.40 ± 2.74 mm, which was 12.62 ± 2.06 mm for male patients and 12.13 ± 3.76 mm for female patients (t = 0.94, P = 0.35). The height of the target fragment was 12.79 ± 1.76 mm for patients >40 years and 13.23 ± 3.16 mm for patients <40 years (t = 1.11, P = 0.27). The height of the target fragment of left and right coronoid process was 12.26 ± 3.40 mm and 12.74 ± 2.79 mm (t = 1.15, P = 0.25). The length of the target fragment was 23.81 ± 2.67 mm, which was 23.86 ± 2.11 mm for male patients and 23.76 ± 2.85 mm for female patients (t = 0.23, P = 0.82). The length of the target fragment was 22.92 ± 1.96 mm for patients >40 years and 23.23 ± 2.14 mm for patients <40 years (t = 0.76, P = 0.45). The length of the target fragment of left and right coronoid process was 22.52 ± 2.89 mm and 21.66 ± 3.01 mm, respectively (t = 1.00, P = 0.32). The width of the target fragment was 23.12 ± 1.92 mm on average, which was 23.06 ± 1.54 mm for male patients and 23.19 ± 2.82 mm for female patients (t = 0.33, P = 0.74). The width of the target fragment was 24.82 ± 2.23 mm for patients >40 years and 23.46 ± 3.38 mm for patients <40 years (t = 1.56, P = 0.12). The width of target fragment of left and right coronoid process was 24.42 ± 2.22 mm and 24.47 ± 2.69 mm, respectively (t = 1.31, P = 0.19). The radius of medial facet was 6.44 ± 1.01 mm, which was 6.41 ± 1.39 mm for male patients and 6.47 ± 0.95 mm for female patients (t = 0.28, P = 0.78). The radius of medial facet was 6.82 ± 1.28 mm for patients >40 years and 6.46 ± 0.94 mm for patients <40 years (t = 1.31, P = 0.19). The radius of medial facet of left and right coronoid process was 6.43 ± 1.24 mm and 6.64 ± 1.34 mm (t = 1.60, P = 0.11). The radius of lateral facet was 11.84 ± 3.71 mm, which was 11.61 ± 4.24 mm for male patients and 12.11 ± 3.09 mm for female patients (t = 0.74, P = 0.46). The radius of medial facet was 11.82 ± 3.28 mm for patients >40 years and 12.46 ± 3.94 mm for patients <40 years (t = 1.02, P = 0.31). The radius of lateral facet of left and right coronoid process was 11.97 ± 5.31 mm and 10.29 ± 3.29 mm, respectively (t = 1.70, P = 0.09). The covering percentage of the articular surface of the upper 40% of bilateral coronoid process was 87% ± 12% with the covering percentage as 85.3% ± 14.2% for male patients and 90.0% ± 11.2% for female patients (t = 0.75, P = 0.41). The covering percentage was 88.2% ± 11.7% for patients >40 years and it was 87.4% ± 13.2% for patients <40 years (t = 0.98, P = 0.33). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that bilateral coronoid process shares high similarity in terms of 3D structure and articular surface morphology, which suggested that the osseous architecture of the coronoid process with comminuted fracture could be predicted by the morphological information of the contralateral side.

6.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037394

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the balance between cell proliferation and cell death is a central feature of malignances. Death-associated protein kinase 3 (DAPK3) regulates programmed cell death including apoptosis and autophagy. Our previous study showed that DAPK3 downregulation was detected in more than half of gastric cancers (GCs), which was related to tumor invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying DAPK3-mediated tumor suppression remains unclear. Here, we showed that the tumor suppressive function of DAPK3 was dependent on autophagy process. Mass spectrometry, in vitro kinase assay, and immunoprecipitation revealed that DAPK3 increased ULK1 activity by direct ULK1 phosphorylation at Ser556. ULK1 phosphorylation by DAPK3 facilitates the ULK1 complex formation, the VPS34 complex activation, and autophagy induction upon starvation. The kinase activity of DAPK3 and ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation were required for DAPK3-modulated tumor suppression. The coordinate expression of DAPK3 with ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation was confirmed in clinical GC samples, and this co-expression was correlated with favorable survival outcomes in patients. Collectively, these findings indicate that the tumor-suppressor roles of DAPK3 in GC are associated with autophagy and that DAPK3 is a novel autophagy regulator, which can directly phosphorylate ULK1 and activate ULK1. Thus, DAPK3 might be a promising prognostic autophagy-associated marker.

7.
Emerg Radiol ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify and quantify lung changes associated with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) with quantitative lung CT during the disease. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed COVID-19 patients who underwent multiple chest CT scans during their disease course. Quantitative lung CT was used to determine the nature and volume of lung involvement. A semi-quantitative scoring system was also used to evaluate lung lesions. RESULTS: This study included eighteen cases (4 cases in mild type, 10 cases in moderate type, 4 cases in severe type, and without critical type cases) with confirmed COVID-19. Patients had a mean hospitalized period of 24.1 ± 7.1 days (range: 14-38 days) and underwent an average CT scans of 3.9 ± 1.6 (range: 2-8). The total volumes of lung abnormalities reached a peak of 8.8 ± 4.1 days (range: 2-14 days). The ground-glass opacity (GGO) volume percentage was higher than the consolidative opacity (CO) volume percentage on the first CT examination (Z = 2.229, P = 0.026), and there was no significant difference between the GGO volume percentage and that of CO at the peak stage (Z = - 0.628, P = 0.53). The volume percentage of lung involvement identified by AI demonstrated a strong correlation with the total CT scores at each stage (r = 0.873, P = 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative lung CT can automatically identify the nature of lung involvement and quantify the dynamic changes of lung lesions on CT during COVID-19. For patients who recovered from COVID-19, GGO was the predominant imaging feature on the initial CT scan, while GGO and CO were the main appearances at peak stage.

8.
Euro Surveill ; 25(40)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034281

RESUMO

BackgroundThe natural history of disease in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remained obscure during the early pandemic.AimOur objective was to estimate epidemiological parameters of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and assess the relative infectivity of the incubation period.MethodsWe estimated the distributions of four epidemiological parameters of SARS-CoV-2 transmission using a large database of COVID-19 cases and potential transmission pairs of cases, and assessed their heterogeneity by demographics, epidemic phase and geographical region. We further calculated the time of peak infectivity and quantified the proportion of secondary infections during the incubation period.ResultsThe median incubation period was 7.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 6.9‒7.5) days. The median serial and generation intervals were similar, 4.7 (95% CI: 4.2‒5.3) and 4.6 (95% CI: 4.2‒5.1) days, respectively. Paediatric cases < 18 years had a longer incubation period than adult age groups (p = 0.007). The median incubation period increased from 4.4 days before 25 January to 11.5 days after 31 January (p < 0.001), whereas the median serial (generation) interval contracted from 5.9 (4.8) days before 25 January to 3.4 (3.7) days after. The median time from symptom onset to discharge was also shortened from 18.3 before 22 January to 14.1 days after. Peak infectivity occurred 1 day before symptom onset on average, and the incubation period accounted for 70% of transmission.ConclusionThe high infectivity during the incubation period led to short generation and serial intervals, necessitating aggressive control measures such as early case finding and quarantine of close contacts.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Coronavirus/patogenicidade , Período de Incubação de Doenças Infecciosas , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biol Direct ; 15(1): 20, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nematode worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, is a saprophytic species that has been emerging as a standard model organism since the early 1960s. This species is useful in numerous fields, including developmental biology, neurobiology, and ageing. A high-quality comprehensive molecular interaction network is needed to facilitate molecular mechanism studies in C. elegans. RESULTS: We present the predicted functional interactome of Caenorhabditis elegans (FIC), which integrates functional association data from 10 public databases to infer functional gene interactions on diverse functional perspectives. In this work, FIC includes 108,550 putative functional associations with balanced sensitivity and specificity, which are expected to cover 21.42% of all C. elegans protein interactions, and 29.25% of these associations may represent protein interactions. Based on FIC, we developed a gene set linkage analysis (GSLA) web tool to interpret potential functional impacts from a set of differentially expressed genes observed in transcriptome analyses. CONCLUSION: We present the predicted C. elegans interactome database FIC, which is a high-quality database of predicted functional interactions among genes. The functional interactions in FIC serve as a good reference interactome for GSLA to annotate differentially expressed genes for their potential functional impacts. In a case study, the FIC/GSLA system shows more comprehensive and concise annotations compared to other widely used gene set annotation tools, including PANTHER and DAVID. FIC and its associated GSLA are available at the website http://worm.biomedtzc.cn .

10.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There occurs huge heterogeneity in clinical outcomes for patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). The purpose of this study was to indicate genetic biomarkers predicting primary resistance of EGFR-TKIs in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a next-generation sequencing panel with 168 cancer-related genes, matched tumor biopsy and plasma samples before treatments from patients with NSCLC were analyzed. Patients taking EGFR-TKIs were followed-up with imaging examination. Correlation of co-alterative genes with progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 48 patients treated with EGFR-TKIs, 46 (95.83%) had at least 1 genetic co-variant beyond EGFR mutation. Multivariate analysis indicated that RB1, PIK3CA, and ERBB2 co-alterations, rather than number of co-alterative genes, were independently associated with poorer PFS. Grouping patients by specific gene status showed best likelihood ratio χ2, Akaike information criterion, and Harrell concordance index. The median PFS for patients in group A (less genetic co-variations and wild specific genes), group B (more genetic co-variations and wild specific genes), group C (less genetic co-variations and altered specific genes), and group D (more genetic co-variations and altered specific genes) were 10.4, 9.13 (vs. group A; P = .3112), 6.33 (vs. group B; P = .0465), and 3.90 (vs. group C; P = .0309) months, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a high concomitant genetic alteration rate in patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC. Specific gene variants were more important than number of altered genes in predicting poor PFS, and may help select patients needing new treatment strategies.

11.
Food Chem ; 341(Pt 1): 128211, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032248

RESUMO

The physicochemical mechanism of starch digestion is very complicated since it may be affected by the non-valence interactions of the amylase inhibitor with the substrate or the enzyme. The role of hydrophobic interaction in the process of starch digestion is not clear. In this study, pluronics (PLs) with different hydrophobicity were used as model amphiphilic compounds to study their inhibition on starch digestion using multi-spectroscopic methods. The results showed that the hydrophobic nature of PLs changed starch structure, but it had a greater effect on the structure of α-amylase by exposing more tryptophan residues and increasing α-helix and ß-sheet contents. Further investigation by using different chain-length fatty acids confirmed the results. The finding in this study is informative to design and fabricate α-amylase inhibitors for controlling starch digestion at the molecular level.

12.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model is crucial for the study of cerebral stroke. Chrysophanol (Chry) can protect nerve damage of mice in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study aimed at investigating the neuroprotective effects of chrysophanol through mitochondrial autophagy in mice with ischemia-reperfusion injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult mice were stochastically divided into five groups: sham, I/R (solvent), I/R+Chry (dose, 10.0ml/kg), I/R+Chry (dose, 1.0ml/kg), and I/R+Chry (dose, 0.1ml/kg). The cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model was made in I/R and I/R+Chry groups. The changes in hippocampal formation were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The expressions of LC3B-II and LC3B-I protein in hippocampus were demonstrated by western blot (WB). The fluorescence intensities of NIX, LC3B, and mitochondria were detected by immunohistochemistry fluorescent (IF). RESULTS: Comparing with the I/R group, the I/R+Chry groups showed improvements in reducing the damage on the hippocampus, indicated by the reduced ratio of LC3B-II and LC3B-I protein, decreased fluorescence intensity of NIX and LC3B, and increased intensity of mitochondrial fluorescence. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that chrysophanol may regulate mitochondrial autophagy through NIX protein and alleviate the damage of hippocampus through decreasing the level of mitochondrial autophagy.

13.
Allergy ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The missing asymptomatic COVID-19 infections have been overlooked because of the imperfect sensitivity of the nucleic acid testing (NAT). Globally understanding the humoral immunity in asymptomatic carriers will provide scientific knowledge for developing serological tests, improving early identification, and implementing more rational control strategies against the pandemic. MEASURE: Utilizing both NAT and commercial kits for serum IgM and IgG antibodies, we extensively screened 11,766 epidemiologically suspected individuals on enrollment and 63 asymptomatic individuals were detected and recruited. 63 healthy individuals and 51 mild patients without any preexisting conditions were set as controls. Serum IgM and IgG profiles were further probed using a SARS-CoV-2 proteome microarray and neutralizing antibody was detected by a pseudotyped virus neutralization assay system. The dynamics of antibodies were analyzed with exposure time or symptoms onset. RESULTS: A combination test of NAT and serological testing for IgM antibody with discovered 55.5% of the total of 63 asymptomatic infections, which significantly raises the detection sensitivity when compared with the NAT alone (19%). Serum proteome microarray analysis demonstrated that asymptomatics mainly produced IgM and IgG antibodies against S1 and N proteins out of 20 proteins of SARS-CoV-2. Different from strong and persistent N specific antibodies, S1 specific IgM responses, which evolved in asymptomatic individuals as early as the seventh day after exposure, peaked on days from 17d to 25d, and then disappeared in two months, might be used as an early diagnostic biomarker. 11.8% (6/51) mild patients and 38.1% (24/63) asymptomatic individuals did not produce neutralizing antibody. In particular, neutralizing antibody in asymptomatics gradually vanished in two months. CONCLUSION: Our findings might have important implications for the definition of asymptomatic COVID-19 infections, diagnosis, serological survey, public health and immunization strategies.

14.
Health Place ; 66: 102455, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011489

RESUMO

Childhood overweight and obesity have shown an increase in recent birth cohorts. China has undergone rapid socioeconomic transitions accompanied by lifestyle changes that have profoundly affected the physical growth of children. Less empirical research has considered the role of community context on the cohort effects of children's body mass index (BMI) z-score trajectories. We used the mixed effect models for repeated measurements with restricted cubic spline to predict the BMI z-score trajectories in children aged 1-17 years, influenced by different birth cohorts and community context using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1991 to 2011, and stratified by sex. Results indicated that the mean of BMI z-scores of children aged 1-17 years have increased in the 2000s cohort. Community context contributed to significant differences in BMI z-score increase with age from middle childhood, and this trend of community inequalities divergences in middle childhood in recent birth cohorts. Therefore, to promote equitable growth for all children in China, policy interventions focusing on the community context may have far-reaching effects on the health of children and adolescents.

15.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1474-1479, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). METHODS: Ninty-three patients with newly diagnosed CLL were tested by five probes including RB1 (13q14.1), D13S25 (13q14.3), p53(17p13.1), ATM( 11q22.3) and CSP12, while conventional cytogenetics (CC) was used for karyotype analysis. Then the correlation of the molecular cytogenetic abnormalities with the clinical Binet stages, Rai stages and the other related laboratory examinations was analyzed. RESULTS: The detection rate of chromosome abnormality in 93 patients was 79.6%, out of which detection rate of 13q (13q- was the highest and accounted for 45.2%), followed by trisomy 12 (+12) 26.9%, p53 deletion (17p-) 19.4% and ATM deletion (11p-) 17.2%. There were 27 cases (29.0%) with 2 or more abnormalities, including 13 cases with 13q-/17q-, 5 with 13q-/11q-, and 4 with 13q-/+12. Compared with CC test results, the positive rate of FISH detection was significantly higher (χ2=32.127, P<0.01). There was no significant correlation between FISH results and Rai stages (P>0.05), meanwhile 17p- highly correlated with later stage of the Binet stages (P=0.012). The molecular cytogenetic abnormalities significantly correlated with age, absolute value of peripheral lymphocyte count and CD38 expression level (P>0.05). The incidence of 13q- in female (65.4%) was statistically significantly higher than that in male (37.3%) (P=0.015). The unmutated IGHV rate of CLL patients with a 17p- was significantly higher than that in patients without this genetic abnormality (P=0.013). The expression of CD38 was detected among 29.0% of the patients, which significantly correlated with Binet stages (P=0.027) and unmutated IGHV (P=0.006). CONCLUSION: FISH can greatly increase the detection rate of molecular cytogenetic abnormalities in CLL patients, which, as a powerful supplement to the conventional cytogenetics, can be applied for the clinical staging and prognosis evaluation of CLL patients.

16.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(3): 443-451, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070548

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia among the elderly, and more frequently occur in those with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is used as a mechanical alternative approach for prevention of AF-related thromboembolisms. This meta-analysis was conducted to provide suggestions for the clinical application of LAAO in AF patients with CKD. The incidence of perioperative adverse events and other clinical effects after operation was by a single rate meta-analysis. Results showed that incidence of adverse events in the perioperative period after LAAO was generally low, with only pericardial effusion / tamponade (1.90%) and mortality rate (1.10%). During the follow-up period, the incidence of stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) and bleeding were 2.17% and 4.53%, respectively. A low incidence rate of adverse events was found in the perioperative period following LAAO. These results indicate that LAAO more effectively prevents the occurrence of stroke/TIA and minimizes bleeding events than oral anticoagulants.

17.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(10): 1018-1025, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009035

RESUMO

X-inactive-specific transcript (XIST) is a 19 kb noncoding RNA which is oncogenic in many cancers including gastric cancer. It is reported that XIST contributes to gastric cancer cells resistant to cisplatin, but specific mechanisms governing this resistance remain unclear. We firstly examined the XIST level in gastric cancer cells and tumor specimens. We confirmed that XIST is overexpressed in gastric cancer cells and tumors, which further contributed to the poor prognosis of patients with gastric cancer. We also confirmed that high XIST level contributes to the cisplatin resistance in gastric cancer cells. Subsequently, we predicted microRNAs that have the potential to interact with XIST and found that Let-7b-5p may directly interact with XIST. We confirmed the direct interaction between XIST and Let-7b-5p and identified a negative correlation between the level of Let-7b-5p and XIST in gastric cancer tumors. Meanwhile, Let-7b-5p inhibitor treatment can partially rescued the effect of XIST-specific small interfering RNA on cell proliferation and apoptosis by regulating Aurora kinase B expression. XIST functions as an oncogene in gastric cancer which contributes to the cisplatin resistance by interacting with Let-7b-5p.

18.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079470

RESUMO

The current TNM staging system uses the same category definitions for both rectal cancer patients with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT). However, ypTNM stage, especially ypN stage does not predict patient survival after NCRT well. Whether tumor regression in lymph nodes (LRG) may improve the prediction has not been well studied. In total, 358 patients with rectal cancer who received NCRT followed by radical resection were recruited from 2004 to 2015, and the median follow-up time was 57.5 months. The main outcome measure was disease-free survival (DFS). In univariate analysis, factors associated with DFS were ypT stage, ypN stage, number of negative lymph nodes (NLN), lymph node ratio (LNR), tumor regression grade (TRG), M-TTRG (modified ypT stage by combining ypT stage and TRG), maximum LRG (LRGmax), sum score of LRG (LRGsum), LRG ratio (average value of LRGsum), and M-NLRG (modified ypN stage by combining LRGmax and LNR). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, M-TTRG and M-NLRG (p < 0.001 and p = 0.030, respectively) were significantly associated with DFS. The estimated 5-year DFS rates were 86.6%, 60.3%, and 36.4% for patients with M-NLRG-0, M-NLRG-1, and M-NLRG-2, respectively (p < 0.001). A significant difference in survival was observed among patients with NCRT after incorporating TRG and LRG simultaneously into the current ypTNM staging system (p < 0.001). LRG was an important prognostic factor in rectal cancer patients treated with NCRT and could refine the ypTNM staging system. The modified ypTNM staging system in combination with LRGmax, LNR, and TRG could improve the DFS prediction in each subset of patients.

19.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(3): 261-264, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981283

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of liraglutide combined with vitamin D on high-fat-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) mice and its potential mechanism. Methods: C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, NAFLD model group, liraglutide group, vitamin D group and liraglutide combined with vitamin D group. Each group consisted of 10 mice. The control group was fed with normal diet for 12 weeks; the model group was fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks; the liraglutide group, vitamin D group and combined group were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks, From the 9th week, the three groups of mice were intraperitoneally injected with liraglutide (0.6 mg/kg), vitamin D(250 mg/(kg·d) ) by gavage, and combination. After 12 weeks of feeding, the blood and liver tissues of mice in each group were collected for biochemical and pathological examination, and the phosphorylation level of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in liver tissues of mice in each group was detected by immunoblotting. Results: Liraglutide or vitamin D alone or in combination could improve liver lipid accumulation (triglycerides: 6.0±0.7 vs 3.8±0.3, 3.9±0.3 and 2.1±0.2, all P<0.05; cholesterol: 1.4±0.5 vs 0.9±0.2, 0.8±0.2 and 0.5±0.1, all P<0.05) and steatosis (NAFLD activity score: 2.4±0.3 vs 1.0±0.2, 0.9±0.1 and 0.6±0.1, all P<0.05) in NAFLD mice. In addition, compared with liraglutide or vitamin D group, liraglutide combined with vitamin D treatment was more effective, and might be related to the regulation of insulin resistance and AMPK phosphorylation. Conclusion: The results showed that vitamin D could enhance the therapeutic effect of liraglutide on NAFLD induced by high fat, and may be related to the regulation of insulin resistance and AMPK phosphorylation.

20.
Eur Spine J ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a novel classification and scoring system called the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity score (PLICS) that offers a quantitative score to guide the need for posterior stabilization in addition to anterior reconstruction for subaxial cervical fracture dislocations (SCFDs). METHODS: A total of 456 patients with SCFDs were prospectively included. Patients with PLICS ≥ 7 together with extremely unstable lateral mass fracture (EULMF) were classified as high-risk group, and the other patients were classified as low-risk group. For patients in the low-risk group, anterior-only reconstruction was performed; for patients in the high-risk group, additional posterior lateral mass fixation and fusion was performed after anterior reconstruction. Clinical outcome evaluation included using the visual analogue score (VAS), the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale. The change in the local sagittal alignment kyphosis Cobb angle was also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 370 patients (81.1%) completed the minimal 12-month follow-ups, including 321 patients of low-risk group and 49 patients of high-risk group. Compared with the average VAS score preoperatively, the score at 12-month follow-up was significantly improved (from 6.1 + 0.3 to 1.1 + 0.2 in the low-risk group, P < 0.001; from 6.4 + 0.2 to 1.4 + 0.2 in the high-risk group, P < 0.001). The average NDI score at the 12-month follow-up was statistically low in the low-risk group (8.8 + 2.5 vs 13.8 + 3.4, P = 0.034). At least more than one grade improvement in the ASIA scale was observed in 80.5% of all patients. The local kyphosis Cobb angle at the injured segment averaged improved in both groups. CONCLUSION: A PLICS score ≥ 7 together with EULMF can be the threshold for posterior stabilization in addition to anterior reconstruction for the patients with SCFDs.

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