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1.
J Inorg Biochem ; 226: 111656, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798307

RESUMO

A multifunctional nanoplatform APIPB-MnCO@TPP@N,P-GQDs (APIPB = N-(2-aminophen-yl)-4-(1H-imidazo[4,5-f] [1, 10] phenanthrolin-2-yl) benzamide, TPP = triphenylphosphine, Mn = manganese, CO = carbon monoxide, and GQDs = graphene quantum dots), nanoplatform (1), was synthesized, which consists of a fluorescent N, P-doped GQDs carrier with its surface covalently functionalized by an CO donor APIPB-MnCO with histone deacetylases (HDAC) inhibitory property and a TPP derivative directing group. Nanoplatform (1) selectively localized in the mitochondria of HeLa cells to inhibit HDAC activity, and released CO upon 808 nm near-infrared light irradiation, destroying the mitochondria and thus inducing cancer cells apoptosis. The targeted subcellular mitochondrial CO delivery combined with inhibitory HDAC activity maximized the cytotoxicity of the nanoplatform which may provide new insights for CO-mediated multimodal therapies for cancer treatment.

2.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 15-28, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820552

RESUMO

Reprogramed cellular metabolism is one of the most significant hallmarks of cancer. All cancer cells exhibit increased demand for specific amino acids, and become dependent on either an exogenous supply or upregulated de novo synthesis. The resultant enhanced availability of amino acids supports the reprogramed metabolic pathways and fuels the malignant growth and metastasis of cancers by providing energy and critical metabolic intermediates, facilitating anabolism, and activating signaling networks related to cell proliferation and growth. Therefore, pharmacologic blockade of amino acid entry into cancer cells is likely to have a detrimental effect on cancer cell growth. Here we developed a nanoplatform (LJ@Trp-NPs) to therapeutically target two transporters, SLC6A14 (ATB0,+) and SLC7A5 (LAT1), that are known to be essential for the sustenance of amino acid metabolism in most cancers. The LJ@Trp-NPs uses tryptophan to guide SLC6A14-targeted delivery of JPH203, a high-affinity inhibitor of SLC7A5. In the process, SLC6A14 is also down-regulated. We tested the ability of this strategy to synergize with the anticancer efficacy of lapatinib, an inhibitor of EGFR/HER1/HER2-assocated kinase. These studies show that blockade of amino acid entry amplifies the anticancer effect of lapatinib via interference with mTOR signaling, promotion of apoptosis, and suppression of cell proliferation and metastasis. This represents the first study to evaluate the impact of amino acid starvation on the anticancer efficacy of widely used kinase inhibitor.

3.
Glob Chang Biol ; 28(1): 154-166, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651373

RESUMO

No-till (NT) is a sustainable option because of its benefits in controlling erosion, saving labor, and mitigating climate change. However, a comprehensive assessment of soil pH response to NT is still lacking. Thus, a global meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effects of NT on soil pH and to identify the influential factors and possible consequences based on the analysis of 114 publications. When comparing tillage practices, the results indicated an overall significant decrease by 1.33 ± 0.28% in soil pH under NT than that under conventional tillage (p < .05). Soil texture, NT duration, mean annual temperature (MAT), and initial soil pH are the critical factors affecting soil pH under NT. Specifically, with significant variations among subgroups, when compared to conventional tillage, the soil under NT had lower relative changes in soil pH observed on clay loam soil (-2.44%), long-term implementation (-2.11% for more than 15 years), medium MAT (-1.87% in the range of 8-16℃), neutral soil pH (-2.28% for 6.5 < initial soil pH < 7.5), mean annual precipitation (-1.95% in the range of 600-1200 mm), in topsoil layers (-2.03% for 0-20 cm), with crop rotation (-1.98%), N fertilizer input (the same for NT and conventional tillage) of 100-200 kg N ha-1 (-1.83%), or crop residue retention (-1.52%). Changes in organic matter decomposition under undisturbed soil and with crop residue retention might lead to a higher concentration of H+ and lower of basic cations (i.e., calcium, magnesium, and potassium), which decrease the soil pH, and consequently, impact nutrient dynamics (i.e., soil phosphorus) in the surface layer under NT. Furthermore, soil acidification may be aggravated by NT within site-specific conditions and improper fertilizer and crop residue management and consequently leading to adverse effects on soil nutrient availability. Thus, there is a need to identify strategies to ameliorate soil acidification under NT to minimize the adverse consequences.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 150962, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656593

RESUMO

The sensitivity of soil organic carbon (SOC) mineralization to temperature could affect the future atmospheric CO2 levels under global warming. Sieved soils are widely used to assess SOC mineralization and its temperature sensitivity (Q10) via laboratory incubation. However, sieved soils cause a temporary increase in mineralization due to the destruction of soil structure, which can affect estimates of SOC mineralization, especially in soils managed with no-till (NT). To identify the effects of soil sieving on SOC mineralization and Q10, soil was collected from an 11-year field experiment under a wheat-maize cropping system managed with a combination of tillage [NT and plow tillage (PT)] and residue [residue returning (RR) and residue removal (R0)]. Soil was either sieved or left in an undisturbed state and incubated at 15 °C and 25 °C. SOC mineralization in sieved soils at 25 °C was 47.28 g C kg-1 SOC, 160.1% higher than SOC mineralization in undisturbed soils (P < 0.05). Interestingly, Q10 values in sieved soils were 1.29, 77.6% lower than Q10 in undisturbed soils (P < 0.05). Highly significant correlations (P < 0.01) were observed between sieved and undisturbed soils for SOC mineralization (r = 0.85-0.98) and Q10 (r = 0.78-0.87). Soil macro-aggregates had lower SOC mineralization by 6.1-21.9%, but higher Q10 values by 4.7-6.5% compared with micro-aggregates, contributing to lower mineralization and higher Q10 under NT and RR. Furthermore, structure equation and random forest modelling showed that increased SOC contents in NT and RR could not only reduce SOC mineralization, but also constrained the improvement of Q10 in NT and RR. Overall, these results indicated that although sieved soils overestimated SOC mineralization and underestimated Q10 due to the destruction of macro-aggregates, the patterns between treatments were similar and sieving soil for incubation is considered as a suitable approach to evaluate the relative impacts of NT and RR on SOC mineralization and Q10.

5.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845594

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients are at high risk of sarcopenia. Gut microbiota affects host metabolic and may act in the occurrence of sarcopenia importantly. This study aimed to study the characterization of the gut microbiota in MHD patients with sarcopenia, and to further reveal the complex pathophysiology of sarcopenia in MHD patients. METHODS: Fecal samples and clinical data were collected from 30 MHD patients with sarcopenia, and 30 age-and-sex-matched MHD patients without sarcopenia in 1 general hospital of Jiangsu Province from December 2020 to March 2021. 16S rRNA sequencing technology was used to analyze the genetic sequence of the gut microbiota for evaluation of the diversity, species composition, and differential microbiota of the two groups. RESULTS: Compared to MHD patients without sarcopenia, the ACE index of patients with sarcopenia was lower (P = 0.014), and there was a structural difference in the ß-diversity between the two groups (P = 0.001). At the genus level, the relative abundance of Tyzzerella_4 in the sarcopenia group was significantly higher than in the non-sarcopenia group (P = 0.039), and the relative abundance of Megamonas (P = 0.004), Coprococcus_2 (P = 0.038), and uncultured_bacterium_f_Muribaculaceae (P = 0.040) decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: The diversity and structure of the gut microbiota of MHD patients with sarcopenia were altered. The occurrence of sarcopenia in MHD patients may be influenced by gut microbiota.

6.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726342

RESUMO

Mechanisms of soil organic carbon (SOC) stabilization have been widely studied due to their relevance in the global carbon cycle. No-till (NT) has been frequently adopted to sequester SOC; however, limited information is available regarding whether sequestered SOC will be stabilized for long term. Thus, we reviewed the mechanisms affecting SOC stability in NT systems, including the priming effects (PE), molecular structure of SOC, aggregate protection, association with soil minerals, microbial properties, and environmental effects. Although a more steady-state molecular structure of SOC is observed in NT compared with conventional tillage (CT), SOC stability may depend more on physical and chemical protection. On average, NT improves macro-aggregation by 32.7%, and lowers SOC mineralization in macro-aggregates compared with CT. Chemical protection is also important due to the direct adsorption of organic molecules and the enhancement of aggregation by soil minerals. Higher microbial activity in NT could also produce binding agents to promote aggregation and the formation of metal-oxidant organic complexes. Thus, microbial residues could be stabilized in soils over the long term through their attachment to mineral surfaces and entrapment of aggregates under NT. On average, NT reduces SOC mineralization by 18.8% and PE intensities after fresh carbon inputs by 21.0% compared with CT (p < .05). Although higher temperature sensitivity (Q10 ) is observed in NT due to greater Q10 in macro-aggregates, an increase of soil moisture regime in NT could potentially constrain the improvement of Q10 . This review improves process-based understanding of the physical and chemical mechanism of protection that can act, independently or interactively, to enhance SOC preservation. It is concluded that SOC sequestered in NT systems is likely to be stabilized over the long term.

7.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2021: 8497305, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746042

RESUMO

Objective: Adenocarcinoma with mixed subtypes (AM) is a histological classification based on the WHO classification. We aimed to compare the prognosis among AM, classic adenocarcinoma (CA), mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC), and signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) in early and advanced gastric cancer (EGC and AGC), respectively. Methods: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was queried from 2001 to 2016. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to compare prognosis between AM and histologic subtypes of CA, SRCC, and MAC in ECG and ACG. A nomogram was established to predict the cancer-specific survival (CSS) of gastric cancer (GC) patients with AM. C-index, calibration curves, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and decision curve analysis (DCA) curves were applied to examine the accuracy and clinical benefits. Results: In the prognosis among these four histological subtypes in EGC patients, there are no differences. For AGC patients, AM had a significantly poorer prognosis compared with CA and MAC (P=0.003, 0.029) but similar prognosis to SRCC. A nomogram based on race, T stage, N stage, M stage, and surgical modalities was proposed to predict 1- and 3-year CSS for GC patients with AM (C-index: training cohort: 0.804, validation cohort: 0.748. 1- and 3-year CSS AUC: training cohort: 0.871 and 0.914, validation cohort: 0.810 and 0.798). 1- and 3-year CSS DCA curves showed good net benefits. Conclusions: EGC patients with AM had similar survival to those with CA, MAC, and SRCC. AM was an independent predictor of poor prognosis in AGC. A nomogram for predicting the prognosis of GC patients with AM was proposed to quantitatively assess the long-term survival.

8.
Cell Rep ; 37(5): 109936, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731609

RESUMO

Depression symptoms are often found in patients suffering from chronic pain, a phenomenon that is yet to be understood mechanistically. Here, we systematically investigate the cellular mechanisms and circuits underlying the chronic-pain-induced depression behavior. We show that the development of chronic pain is accompanied by depressive-like behaviors in a mouse model of trigeminal neuralgia. In parallel, we observe increased activity of the dopaminergic (DA) neuron in the midbrain ventral tegmental area (VTA), and inhibition of this elevated VTA DA neuron activity reverses the behavioral manifestations of depression. Further studies establish a pathway of glutamatergic projections from the spinal trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Sp5C) to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN) and then to the VTA. These glutamatergic projections form a direct circuit that controls the development of the depression-like behavior under the state of the chronic neuropathic pain.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(11): 982, 2021 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686657

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are indispensable components in foam cell formation in atherosclerosis. However, the mechanism behind foam cell formation of VSMCs has not been addressed. We found a potential association between deletion of smooth muscle (SM) 22α and deregulated nuclear receptors liver X receptors (LXRs)/retinoid X receptor (RXR) signaling in mice. Here, we investigated the roles of SM22α in LXRα-modulated cholesterol homeostasis, and explore possible mechanisms underlying this process. We identified that the depletion of SM22α was a primary event driving VSMC cholesterol accumulation and the development of atherosclerosis in mice. Proteomic and lipidomic analysis validated that downregulation of SM22α was correlated with reduced expression of LXRα and ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA) 1 and increased cholesteryl ester in phenotypically modulated VSMCs induced by platelets-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB. Notably, LXRα was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm rather than the nucleus in the neointimal and Sm22α-/- VSMCs. Loss of SM22α inhibited the nuclear import of LXRα and reduced ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux via promoting depolymerization of actin stress fibers. Affinity purification and mass spectrometry (AP-MS) analysis, co-immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assays, confocal microscopy, and stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) revealed that globular-actin (G-actin), monomeric actin, interacted with and retained LXRα in the cytoplasm in PDGF-BB-treated and Sm22α-/- VSMCs. This interaction blocked LXRα binding to Importin α, a karyopherin that mediates the trafficking of macromolecules across the nuclear envelope, and the resulting reduction of LXRα transcriptional activity. Increasing SM22α expression restored nuclear localization of LXRα and removed cholesterol accumulation via inducing actin polymerization, ameliorating atherosclerosis. Our findings highlight that LXRα is a mechanosensitive nuclear receptor and that the nuclear import of LXRα maintained by the SM22α-actin axis is a potential target for blockade of VSMC foam cell formation and development of anti-atherosclerosis.

11.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(10)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696192

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), which is caused by the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), has occurred worldwide and poses a serious threat to the pig industry. Intestine is the main function site of PEDV; therefore, it is important to develop an oral mucosal immunity vaccine against this virus infection. Most traditional plasmid delivery vectors use antibiotic genes as a selective marker, easily leading to antibiotic accumulation and gene contamination. In this study, to explore whether the alanine racemase gene (Alr) could be used as a screening marker and develop an efficient oral vaccine against PEDV infection, a recombinant strain was constructed using Lactobacillus casei with Alr deletion (L. casei ΔAlr W56) to deliver the Alr gene and a core-neutralizing epitope (COE) antigen. This recombinant bacterium efficiently induced secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA)-based mucosal and immunoglobulin G (IgG)-based humoral immune responses via oral vaccination in mice. Compared to the other strains, the recombinant bacteria were able to grow without the addition of D-alanine, revealing that Alr in the plasmid could function normally in defective bacteria. This oral mucosal vaccine would provide a useful strategy to substitute the application of antibiotics in the future and induce efficient immune responses against PEDV infection.

13.
World Allergy Organ J ; 14(9): 100582, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659628

RESUMO

Background: We wanted to investigate whether parasympathetic inhibition affected the expression of type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in the nasal mucosa of a mouse model of allergic rhinitis (AR). Methods: Thirty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, AR group, AR-treated group. AR nasal symptoms were assessed on a semi-quantitative scale according to the frequencies of nose rubbing and sneezing and the degree of rhinorrhea. The expression of cytokines protein in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The number of ILC2s in nasal mucosa was detected by immunofluorescence double staining assay. Quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of ILC2-associated factor in nasal mucosa. Results: The symptom scores of the AR group were significantly higher than those of the control group and AR-treated group. The expression levels of mouse ovalbumin (OVA) specific IgE, IL4, IL5, and IL13 in the serum of AR group were significantly higher than those in the control group and AR-treated group. The number of ILC2s and the gene expression of ILC2s related factors GATA3, CD25 and CD90 (Thy1) in the nasal mucosa of the AR group were significantly higher than those of the control group and AR-treated group. Conclusions: We found that parasympathetic inhibition relieved AR symptoms and inhibited immune response of AR mice. ILC2s play an important role in the occurrence and development of AR, and parasympathetic nerve inhibition reduced the number of ILC2s and inhibited the cytokines expression by ILC2s. Our data provide information on the mechanism of action of parasympathetic inhibition in AR.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt B): 108230, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655850

RESUMO

Maintaining the pulmonary endothelial barrier that prevents the exudation of inflammatory factors and proteins is the key to the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). Apelin-13 plays an important role in vascular diseases; however, the protective effects of Apelin-13 on ALI with pulmonary endothelial barrier are unknown. Therefore, mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were injured by LPS following Apelin-13 administration. ALI mice showed reduced pulmonary vascular permeability, adhesion junction, mitochondrial function, mitochondrial biogenesis, and autophagy compared to the control group. Apelin-13 administration in ALI mice ameliorated LPS-induced lung injury, pulmonary vascular permeability, mitochondrial function, and promoted autophagic flux in mice and HUVECs. However, the effect of Apelin-13 was reduced after AMPK inhibition using Compound C. These data suggest that Apelin-13 ameliorates pulmonary vascular permeability in mice with ALI induced by LPS, which may be related to enhanced phosphorylation of AMPK to regulate mitochondrial function and autophagy.

15.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 839-843, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622602

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical manifestations of pertussis in children of different ages and different immunization statuses in Wenzhou, and to explore the limitations of diagnostic criteria for pertussis. Methods: The clinical data of 288 children diagnosed with pertussis at Yuying Children's Hospital & the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from October 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics of children of different ages and different immunization statuses were analyzed. Their clinical data were compared to relevant diagnostic criteria of pertussis in children of different ages according to the Recommendations for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chinese Children with Pertussis and the diagnosis conformity rate was analyzed. Results: Among the 288 children, 124 cases (43.06%) were 3 months old or younger, and 164 cases (288, 56.94%) were >3 months old. Among patients≤3 months of age, cyanosis, three-depression sign, face redness, dyspnea and peripheral blood lymphocyte ratio were significantly higher than those of patients >3 months of age. They also had higher incidence of pneumonia, higher proportion of developing severe pertussis, and longer stay at the hospital. All these findings showed statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). 83 children were fully immunized (receiving the full course of vaccination), and 205 were not fully immunized (not receiving the full course of vaccination or being unvaccinated). The proportion of children presenting cyanosis, shortness of breath, three depression sign and face redness in the incomplete immunization group was higher than that in the complete immunization group. In the incomplete immunization group, the proportion of lymphocytes was higher, the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) was lower, and the length of hospitalization was longer than those of the complete immunization group. All the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among patients aged ≤3 months, the conformity rate of diagnosis (112/114, 90.32%) upon admission was higher than that among patients aged >3 months (119/164, 72.56%). Among patients aged ≤3 months, 41.94% (52/124, while 54.03% (67/124) of the patients aged ≤3 months had WBC count <20×10 9 L -1. Conclusion: Pertussis in children ≤3 months of age in Wenzhou City were more serious, showing higher rate of diagnosis conforming to the recommended clinical diagnostic criteria than that in children >3 months old. The WBC threshold in routine blood test of ≤3 months old could be lowered appropriately and the current diagnostic criteria still needed improvement.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vacinação , Coqueluche/diagnóstico , Coqueluche/epidemiologia
16.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Treatment-associated upregulation of suppressive checkpoints and a lack of costimulatory signals compromise the antitumor efficacy of oncolytic virus immunotherapy. Therefore, we aimed to identify highly effective therapeutic targets to provide a proof-of-principle for immune checkpoint together with oncolytic virus-mediated viro-immunotherapy for cancer. METHODS: A fusion protein containing both the extracellular domain of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and the poliovirus receptor (PVR) was designed. Next, the corresponding expression fragment was inserted into the genome of a replication-competent adenovirus to generate Ad5sPD1PVR. The infection, expression, replication and oncolysis of Ad5sPD1PVR were investigated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. Immune activation and the antitumor efficacy of Ad5sPD1PVR were examined in HCC tumor models including a humanized immunocompetent mouse model. RESULTS: Ad5sPD1PVR effectively infected and replicated in HCC cells and secreted sPD1PVR. In a H22 ascitic HCC mouse model, intraperitoneal injection of Ad5sPD1PVR markedly recruited lymphocytes and activated antitumor immune responses. Ad5sPD1PVR exerted a profound antitumor effect on ascitic HCC. Furthermore, we found that Ad5sPD1PVR-H expressing sPD1PVR of human origin exhibited potent antitumor effects in a HCC humanized mouse model. We also found that CD8+ T cells mediated the antitumor effects and long-term tumor-specific immune surveillance induced by Ad5sPD1PVR. Finally, when combined with fludarabine, the antitumor efficacy of Ad5sPD1PVR was found to be further improved in the ascitic HCC model. CONCLUSIONS: From our data we conclude that the newly designed recombinant Ad5sPD1PVR virus significantly enhances CD8+ T cell-mediated antitumor efficacy with long-term tumor-specific immune surveillance in hepatocellular carcinoma, and that fludarabine is a promising therapeutic partner for Ad5sPD1PVR.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 728216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531844

RESUMO

A novel plasmid-encoded aminoglycoside 3''-nucleotidyltransferase ANT(3")-IId, was discovered in Acinetobacter lwoffi strain H7 isolated from a chick on an animal farm in Wenzhou, China. The whole-genome of A. lwoffii H7 consisted of one chromosome and five plasmids (pH7-250, pH7-108, pH7-68, pH7-48, and pH7-11). ant(3")-IId was identified as being encoded on pH7-250, sharing the highest amino acid identity of 50.64% with a function-known resistance gene, ant(3")-IIb (KB849358.1). Susceptibility testing and enzyme kinetic parameter analysis were conducted to determine the function of the aminoglycoside 3"-nucleotidyltransferase. The ant(3")-IId gene conferred resistance to spectinomycin and streptomycin [the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) levels of both increased 16-fold compared with the control strain]. Consistent with the MIC data, kinetic analysis revealed a narrow substrate profile including spectinomycin and streptomycin, with K cat/K m ratios of 4.99 and 4.45×103M-1 S-1, respectively. Sequencing analysis revealed that the ant(3")-IId gene was associated with insertion sequences (IS) element [ΔISAba14-ΔISAba14-hp-orf-orf-orf1-ant(3")-IId], and ant(3")-IId were identified in plasmids from various Acinetobacter species. This study of the novel aminoglycoside 3"-nucleotidyltranferase ANT(3")-IId helps us further understand the functional and sequence characteristics of aminoglycoside 3"-nucleotidyltranferases, highlights the risk of resistance gene transfer among Acinetobacter species and suggests that attention should be given to the emergence of new aminoglycoside 3"-nucleotidyltranferase genes.

18.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 5830-5838, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488538

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to be involved in many biological processes during tumorigenesis and progression, including cell proliferation and cell cycle progression. However, the potential role of miR-26b-5p in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that miR-26b-5p was decreased in TSCC tissues in both TCGA-TSCC subset and eight paired samples from TSCC patients, while Proline Rich 11 (PRR11) was obviously increased. Transfection of miR-26b-5p mimics inhibited CALL7 cell proliferation by arresting the cells at the S/G2 transition. Meanwhile, miR-26b-5p inhibitor had the opposite biological functions. The results of luciferase activity and RNA-pulldown assays indicated that miR-26b-5p directly targeted the PRR11 3' -untranslated region in CAL27 cells. Furthermore, the effects of miR-26b-5p on cell cycle regulation were reversed after treatment with siRNA against PRR11. In summary, our findings indicate that miR-26b-5p induce cell cycle arrest in TSCC by targeting PRR11. Hence, targeting miR-26b-5p could be a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of TSCC.

19.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 14: 100259, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, China implemented strict restrictions on cross-border travel to prevent disease importation. Yunnan, a Chinese province that borders dengue-endemic countries in Southeast Asia, experienced unprecedented reduction in dengue, from 6840 recorded cases in 2019 to 260 in 2020. METHODS: Using a combination of epidemiological and virus genomic data, collected from 2013 to 2020 in Yunnan and neighbouring countries, we conduct a series of analyses to characterise the role of virus importation in driving dengue dynamics in Yunnan and assess the association between recent international travel restrictions and the decline in dengue reported in Yunnan in 2020. FINDINGS: We find strong evidence that dengue incidence between 2013-2019 in Yunnan was closely linked with international importation of cases. A 0-2 month lag in incidence not explained by seasonal differences, absence of local transmission in the winter, effective reproductive numbers < 1 (as estimated independently using genetic data) and diverse cosmopolitan dengue virus phylogenies all suggest dengue is non-endemic in Yunnan. Using a multivariate statistical model we show that the substantial decline in dengue incidence observed in Yunnan in 2020 but not in neighbouring countries is closely associated with the timing of international travel restrictions, even after accounting for other environmental drivers of dengue incidence. INTERPRETATION: We conclude that Yunnan is a regional sink for DENV lineage movement and that border restrictions may have substantially reduced dengue burden in 2020, potentially averting thousands of cases. Targeted testing and surveillance of travelers returning from high-risk areas could help to inform public health strategies to minimise or even eliminate dengue outbreaks in non-endemic settings like southern China. FUNDING: Funding for this study was provided by National Key Research and Development Program of China, Beijing Science and Technology Planning Project (Z201100005420010); Beijing Natural Science Foundation (JQ18025); Beijing Advanced Innovation Program for Land Surface Science; National Natural Science Foundation of China (82073616); Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by CAST (YESS) (2018QNRC001); H.T., O.P.G. and M.U.G.K. acknowledge support from the Oxford Martin School. O.J.B was supported by a Wellcome Trust Sir Henry Wellcome Fellowship (206471/Z/17/Z). Chinese translation of the abstract (Appendix 2).

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 702218, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385921

RESUMO

GABA is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Inhibitory GABAA channel circuits in the dorsal spinal cord are the gatekeepers of the nociceptive input from the periphery to the CNS. Weakening of these spinal inhibitory mechanisms is a hallmark of chronic pain. Yet, recent studies have suggested the existence of an earlier GABAergic "gate" within the peripheral sensory ganglia. In this study, we performed systematic investigation of plastic changes of the GABA-related proteins in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in the process of neuropathic pain development. We found that chronic constriction injury (CCI) induced general downregulation of most GABAA channel subunits and the GABA-producing enzyme, glutamate decarboxylase, consistent with the weakening of the GABAergic inhibition at the periphery. Strikingly, the α5 GABAA subunit was consistently upregulated. Knock-down of the α5 subunit in vivo moderately alleviated neuropathic hyperalgesia. Our findings suggest that while the development of neuropathic pain is generally accompanied by weakening of the peripheral GABAergic system, the α5 GABAA subunit may have a unique pro-algesic role and, hence, might represent a new therapeutic target.

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