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1.
Ecotoxicology ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647200

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms underlying allelopathy and their role in the interactions between invasive weeds and native species remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the physiological and molecular response of plant roots of a native species to allelopathy from an invasive weed. We examined the growth and development of roots of native Arabidopsis thaliana for a 2-week period after being treated with aqueous extracts at different concentrations from invasive Conyza canadensis. Extracts with higher concentration in the Murashige and Skoog (MS) media (i.e., 4 mg of extract/mL of MS) significantly affected the root growth of A. thaliana. Roots of A. thaliana displayed weakened root tip activity and an accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to extracts from C. canadensis. The transcriptome analysis of A. thaliana roots exposed to phytotoxicity revealed differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell wall formation, abiotic stress, transporter genes and signal transduction. We found that genes associated with nutrient transport, such as major facilitator superfamily (MFS) and amino acid permease (AAP3) transporters as well as genes involved in stress response, including leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinases (LRR-RLKs) were down-regulated. In addition, we found that many transcription factors associated with plant stress (such as APETALA2/ethylene response factors) were up-regulated while others (e.g., zinc-finger proteins) were down-regulated. Allelochemicals from C. canadensis also induced the up-regulation of detoxification (DTX) genes, ROS related genes, calcineurin B-like interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) and calmodulin. Overall, our findings provided insights into allelopathy in C. canadensis at the molecular level, and contributes to our understanding of invasion mechanisms of alien plant species. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: This study does not contain any studies with clinical trials performed by any of the authors.

2.
Shock ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618727

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Long-term use of antibiotics for septic patients leads to bacterial resistance, increased mortality, and hospital stay. In this study, we investigated an emerging biomarker presepsin-guided strategy, which can be used to evaluate the shortening of antibiotic treatment in patients with sepsis without risking a worse outcome. METHODS: In this multicenter prospective cohort trial, patients were assigned to the presepsin or control groups. In the presepsin group, antibiotics were ceased based on predefined cut-off ranges of presepsin concentrations. The control group stopped antibiotics according to international guidelines. The primary endpoints were the number of days without antibiotics within 28 days and mortality at 28 and 90 days. Secondary endpoints were the percentage of patients with a recurrent infection, length of stay in ICU and hospital, hospitalization costs, days of first episode of antibiotic treatment, percentage of antibiotic administration and multidrug-resistant bacteria, and SOFA score. RESULTS: Overall, 656 out of an initial 708 patients were eligible and assigned to the presepsin group (n = 327) or the control group (n = 329). Patients in the presepsin group had significantly more days without antibiotics than those in the control group (14.54 days [SD 9.01] vs. 11.01 days [SD 7.73]; P < 0.001). Mortality in the presepsin group showed no difference to that in the control group at days 28 (17.7% vs. 18.2%; P = 0.868) and 90 (19.9% vs. 19.5%; P = 0.891). Patients in the presepsin group had a significantly shorter mean length of stay in the hospital and lower hospitalization costs than control subjects. There were no differences in the rate of recurrent infection and multidrug-resistant bacteria and the SOFA score tendency between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Presepsin guidance has potential to shorten the duration of antibiotic treatment in patients with sepsis without risking worse outcomes of death, recurrent infection, and aggravation of organ failure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR, ChiCTR1900024391. Registered 9 July 2019-Retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612626

RESUMO

Ultrahigh Ni-rich layered oxides have been regarded as one of the most promising cathode candidates. However, cycling instability induced by interfacial reactions and irreversible H2-H3 lattice distortion is yet to be demonstrated by an effective strategy that could construct a stable grain interface and microstructure. Here, Ni-rich cathode LiNi0.92Co0.05Mn0.03O2 is modified by B and Ti to realize the synchronous regulation of a microstructure and the oxygen framework robustness. Compared with the large equiaxed crystalline grains for the pristine cathode, highly elongated grains with a strong radially oriented crystallographic texture in which the (003) facet is maximized are produced for Ti and B-modified LiNi0.92Co0.05Mn0.03O2. With the suppressed H2-H3 phase transition and cation mixing provided by radially oriented grains and turned local crystal oxygen framework robustness during cycling, the co-modified cathode exhibits enhanced Li+ diffusion kinetics and a capacity retention of 78.3% after 100 cycles, which outperformed the 38.5% for the pristine cathode. The improved cycling performance suggests the significance of the turned microstructure and local crystal structure in suppressing internal strain and crystal structure degradation. The synchronous realization of microstructure engineering and local crystal structure turning by optimal element combination would provide a heuristic solution for the construction of high perform Ni-rich cathodes.

4.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599330

RESUMO

A novel method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of multiclass pesticide residues in tobacco and cigarette smoke, using a modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) procedure and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Cigarette mainstream smoke particulate was collected on a Cambridge filter pad. Pesticide residues was extracted with an aqueous solution, back extracted into acetonitrile after freezing, purified by dispersive solid phase extraction with primary-secondary amine adsorbents and analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS. The obtained mean recoveries of 16 pesticides commonly used on tobacco at three fortification levels (5.9, 94.1 and 352.9 ng g-1) ranged from 69.3 to 115.9% with relative standard deviations between 2.4 and 11.3%. The limits of detection ranged from 0.14 to 13.28 ng g-1. Finally, the proposed method was applied to study the pesticide smoke transfer ratio in 2 cigarettes with pesticide standard spiked and 51 cigarettes with one or more pesticide residues. The transfer ratio of pesticides residue in tobacco into the smoke might be much less than that from artificially spiked tobacco (<25%) with spiking levels varied from 1.88 to 9.41 µg g-1. The transfer ratio of pesticide from artificially spiked tobacco into cigarette mainstream smoke was from 0.0 to 56.5%, and pesticide residues from tobacco into cigarette smoke were from 0.0 to 26.1% using the ISO smoking method (ISO 3308 2012).

5.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486674

RESUMO

Siliques are a major carbohydrate source of energy for later seed development in rapeseed (Brassica napus). Thus, silique length (SL) has received great attention from breeders. We previously detected a novel quantitative trait locus cqSL-C7 that controls SL in B. napus. Here, we further validated the cqSL-C7 locus and isolated its causal gene (BnaC7.ROT3) by map-based cloning. In Zhongshuang11 (parent line with long siliques), BnaC7.ROT3 encodes the potential cytochrome P450 monooxygenase CYP90C1, whereas in G120 (parent line with short siliques), a single nucleotide deletion in the fifth exon of BnaC7.ROT3 results in a loss-of-function truncated protein. Subcellular localization and expression pattern analysis revealed that BnaC7.ROT3 is a membrane-localized protein mainly expressed in leaves, flowers and siliques. Cytological observation showed that the cells in silique wall of BnaC7.ROT3-transformed positive plants were longer than those of transgene-negative plants in the background of G120, suggesting that BnaC7.ROT3 affects cell elongation. Haplotype analysis demonstrated that most of the alleles of BnaC7.ROT3 are favorable alleles in B. napus germplasms and its homologs may also be involved in SL regulation. Our findings provide novel insights into the regulatory mechanisms of natural SL variations and valuable genetic resources for the improvement of SL in B. napus.

6.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112804, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487732

RESUMO

Angiogenesis has been certified to account for tumor pathobiology. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been demonstrated to be involved in angiogenesis-related diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, the regulatory roles of most circRNAs remain obscure. This study aims to uncover the function of hsa_circ_0004018 on angiogenesis in HCC. Firstly, quantitative real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) analyzed that circ_0004018 was definitely down-regulated in HCC. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the protein level of fused protein in sarcoma (FUS) and TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 2 (TIMP2). Functional assays were carried out to assess the impacts of circ_0004018 on HCC. From the experimental results, we found that overexpression of circ_0004018 significantly inhibited angiogenesis in HCC. The regulatory mechanism of circ_0004018 in HCC was determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), luciferase reporter assays and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. Therefore, we proved that estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) mediated circ_0004018 regulated TIMP2 by recruiting FUS. A series of rescue assays verified that circ_0004018 participated in angiogenesis in HCC via modulating TIMP2. In summary, this paper disclosed that ESR1 activated circ_0004018 inhibited angiogenesis in HCC via binding to FUS and stabilizing TIMP2 expression.

7.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045454, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This phenomenological study aimed to examine intensive care unit (ICU) nurses' experiences of caring for patients with COVID-19, and understand better their everyday experiences of patient' management in the ICU. DESIGN: A descriptive phenomenological research design was used. Individual interviews were conducted. The data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using Colaizzi's seven-step framework. SETTING: An ICU with 16 beds in a tertiary hospital in Wuhan, China. PARTICIPANTS: Nurses who had more than 1 year of experience and had provided care to patients with COVID-19 in ICU for more than 1 week were identified as participants. A total of 13 nurses were interviewed. RESULTS: An analysis of these significant statements yielded four distinct stages of feelings, thereby revealing the essence of this phenomenon. Worry about being infected and infecting family members was present across in all four stages. The themes associated with the four stages were as follows: initial contradictory feelings, quick adaption to the 'new working environment' in the first 1-2 weeks in the ICU, desperation after adaption, holding on and survive. CONCLUSIONS: The nurses reported distinct experiences of providing care to patients with COVID-19 in ICUs. Interventions, such as providing information about the disease, simulation training, emotional support and follow-up care, are needed to help nurses manage patients with COVID-19 and maintain nurses' health.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pesquisa Qualitativa , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19345, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588562

RESUMO

Abiotic stresses, including cold and drought, negatively affect maize (Zea mays L.) seed field emergence and later yield and quality. In order to reveal the molecular mechanism of maize seed resistance to abiotic stress at seed germination, the global transcriptome of high- vigour variety Zhongdi175 exposed to cold- and drought- stress was analyzed by RNA-seq. In the comparison between the control and different stressed sample, 12,299 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected, of which 9605 and 7837 DEGs were identified under cold- and drought- stress, respectively. Functional annotation analysis suggested that stress response mediated by the pathways involving ribosome, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, among others. Of the obtained DEGs (12,299), 5,143 genes are common to cold- and drought- stress, at least 2248 TFs in 56 TF families were identified that are involved in cold and/or drought treatments during seed germination, including bHLH, NAC, MYB and WRKY families, which suggested that common mechanisms may be originated during maize seed germination in response to different abiotic stresses. This study will provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanism of response to abiotic stress during maize seed germination, and could be useful for cultivar improvement and breeding of high vigour maize cultivars.

10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 607(Pt 2): 1333-1342, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583038

RESUMO

Li-rich disordered rock-salt cathode (DRX) materials with advantage of low cost, long cycle life, nature abundant resource and high power and energy density attracted a great deal of scholarly attention. However, the poor cycle stability and the unclear realization of cation and anion redox activity in low-cost element system have severely hindered the construction of high-performance DRX. Herein, a promising class of Ti-Mn based cathode materials Li1.25Mn0.25Nb0.25Ti0.25O2 and Li1.25Mn0.25Ti0.5O1.75F0.25 were designed and successfully synthesized to construct high energy density DRX and investigate the effect of fluorination on cation and anion redox activity. The results show that both fluoridized and unfluoridized DRX possess a similar structure (Fm-3 m), but distinctly different charge/discharge profiles. The fluoridized cathode shows high initial charge/discharge capacity of 317.3/283.9 mAh g-1, specific energy density of 1370.4/735.5 Wh kg-1 and stable capacity retention with a discharge capacity of 202.6 mAh g-1 after 20 cycles at 20 mA g-1. Combining relevant spectroscopic results and HRTEM images, we revealed that the excellent cyclability of Li1.25Mn0.25Ti0.5O1.75F0.25 is rooted in the weakened adverse effects of moderated oxygen redox and the reduced Jahn-Teller distortion effect resulting from Mn3+, endowing the fluoridized DRX with better structural stability and larger Mn2+/Mn4+ reservoir. The strategy of constructing low cost oxyfluoride and the understanding of the mechanism of fluorination induced cation and anion redox activity would provide reference for the development of high-performance DRX materials.

11.
Org Lett ; 23(19): 7575-7579, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553931

RESUMO

A novel diterpenoid, sinunanolobatone A (1), featuring an unprecedented bicyclo[13.1.0]pentadecane carbon framework, along with two new casbane diterpenoids (2 and 3), and five known related ones (4-8) were isolated from the Sanya soft coral Sinularia nanolobata. The structures of the new compounds were established by detailed spectroscopic analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, chemical reactions, or a quantum chemical computation method. A plausible biosynthetic pathway of 1 was proposed. In bioassay, the novel compound 1 showed significant inhibitory activity against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced inflammation in BV-2 microglial cells.

12.
Small ; : e2102347, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561945

RESUMO

Achieving uniform Li deposition is vital for the construction of a safe but also efficient Li-metal anode for Li-metal batteries (LMBs). Herein, a facile coating strategy is used for forming an ultra-thin aramid nanofiber (ANF) membrane, with a network structure, on a Li anode (ANF-Li) as an artificial layer inhibiting Li dendrite's growth. The results show that under an ultra-high current density of 50 mA cm-2 , the ANF-Li|ANF-Li symmetric cells can be kept stably cycled for a period exceeding 300 h. The ANF-Li|LiFePO4 full cells exhibit a high-capacity retention of 80.1% after 1200 cycles at 1 C, showing a promising potential for LMBs application. Combined experimental results with theoretical calculations, the excellent performance of the ANF-Li anode is explored. Lithiophilic polar functional groups (CO, NH) appear in the surface and structure of ANF membrane, which offer high-concentration functional sites for the Li ions to realize an effective adhesion at the molecular level. This work also finds fiber-shaped lithium deposition for the first time. Furthermore, the nanoscale porosity of the ANF membrane not only provides fast pathways and channels for the diffusion of the electrolyte and Li transportation, but also eliminates the "weak links" of micron-scale Li dendrites penetrating the membrane.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 100: 108117, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509933

RESUMO

FPS-ZM1 is an inhibitor of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). Nevertheless, there are few reports about its direct effects on microglial inflammation, and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be clarified. The present study investigated the potential effects of FPS-ZM1 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated microglial inflammation both in vivo and in vitro, and further elucidated the possible molecular mechanisms of action. FPS-ZM1 decreased LPS-induced overproduction of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), in both BV-2 cells and primary microglial cells. FPS-ZM1 (10 mg/kg, i.p.) ameliorated proliferation and activation of microglia in the hippocampus of C57BL/6J mice subjected to LPS challenge (5 mg/kg, i.p.). Meanwhile, overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α in the hippocampus was alleviated after treatment with FPS-ZM1. RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) analysis showed involvement of Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway in the regulation of FPS-ZM1 on LPS-induced microglial inflammation. Further investigations demonstrated that FPS-ZM1 downregulated LPS-mediated increases in the phosphorylation levels of JAK/STAT both in vivo and in vitro. FPS-ZM1 also suppressed the nuclear translocation of transcription factor STAT1/3/5 in BV-2 cells. In addition, inhibition of JAK/STAT signaling pathway had an anti-inflammatory effect similar to FPS-ZM1 treatment. Taken together, our results verified the inhibitory effects of FPS-ZM1 against LPS-stimulated microglial inflammation, and for the first time demonstrated such anti-inflammatory activities on microglia are associated with regulation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway both in vivo and in vitro, which may shed new light on the pharmacological mechanisms of FPS-ZM1 against microglial inflammation.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(80): 10339-10342, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528976

RESUMO

H2O-H-Na co-intercalation is beneficial to enhance the structure of open framework V-based materials, leading to the improvement of Zn2+ transport kinetics and solid-state solubility in V-based electrodes. Zn|Zn(CF3SO3)2|HNaV6O16·4H2O exhibits an excellent specific capacity of 432.4 mA h g-1 and a long-term cyclic performance up to 800 cycles at 2.0 A g-1 with a reversible phase transformation. For the fast charge capability, a high specific capacity of 411.2 mA h g-1 is achieved with a coulomb efficiency of 100%. The co-intercalation structure can provide a new strategy for the design of fast charge cathode materials in aqueous zinc ion batteries (AZIBs).

16.
Stem Cell Res ; 56: 102533, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530396

RESUMO

Infantile-onset inflammatory bowel diseases (IO-IBD) is a heterogeneous subgroup of IBD spectrum characterized by age of onset less than 2 years old. Mutations in interleukin-10 receptor A (IL10RA) is one of the major causes. Here, we generated a human induced pluripotent stem cell line SDQLCHi040-A from a 1-year-4-month-old girl with IO-IBD caused by homozygous mutation (c.301 C > T, p.R101W) in the IL10RA gene (OMIM*146933). The established iPSC line was validated by pluripotency markers, original gene mutation and demonstrated trilineage differentiation potential in vitro.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of asporin in modulating chondrocyte senescence in osteoarthritis (OA) pathology. METHODS: Asporin and senescence-related hallmark expression were examined in human and experimental OA mouse cartilage samples. Twelve-week-old male C57 mice were administered with recombinant protein (rm-asporin)- or asporin-siRNA-expressing lentiviruses via intra-articular injection once a week after destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) surgery to induce OA. Cartilage damage was measured using the Osteoarthritis Research Society International score. Senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ßGal) staining, γH2AX, p21, and p16INK4a were analyzed by immunofluorescence staining and western blot to assess the specific role of asporin in chondrocyte senescence. The TGF-ß1/Smad2 signaling pathway and miR-26b-5p were further evaluated to explore the mechanism of asporin in OA. RESULTS: Asporin was upregulated in articular chondrocytes of OA patients and DMM mice and accompanied by accumulation of senescent cells. Asporin overexpression exaggerated OA progression, whereas silencing asporin restored chondrocyte homeostasis and deferred chondrocyte senescence, leading to markedly attenuated DMM-induced OA. Cellular and molecular analyses showed that asporin can be inhibited by miR-26b-5p, which was significantly downregulated in OA cartilage, leading to exacerbation of experimental OA partially through inhibition of TGF-ß1/Smad2 signaling in chondrocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that asporin plays an essential role in chondrocyte senescence and OA pathogenesis. Upregulated by miR-26b-5p, asporin inhibits the TGF-ß1/Smad2 pathway to accelerate chondrocyte senescence and exacerbate cartilage degeneration. Targeting the miR-26b-5p/asporin/Smad2 axis may serve as a practical therapeutic strategy to delay chondrocyte senescence and OA development.

18.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546779

RESUMO

As an important industrial, pharmaceutical and evergreen shade tree (Singh and Jawaid 2012), the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) has been coppiced in Jiangxi Province, China. From 2017 to 2020, we noticed many camphor trees with leaf spots, with an incidence estimated at 50 to 75%, which could severely inhibit leaf growth and reduce their biomass. A dark-green circle with a watery spot appeared on the infected leaves at the initial stage, and necrosis with forming shot-spots surrounded by yellow halos occurred (Figure 1 A). Five leaves with typical symptoms were sampled and washed with tap water for ca. 15 min. Isolation and morphological analysis were performed following the method of Bao et al. (2019). Among 61 fungal isolates, 49 showed the same culture characters. Colonies on PDA were villose and regular, the reverse was scarlet at the edge of the colony, which was ca. 8.75 cm after 7 days of inoculation (Figure 1 I). Chlamydospores were aseptate, dark brown, smooth, in chains or solitary, ellipsoidal to ovoid, 4.8-9.6 × 4.8-11.1 µm (Figure 1 J). The pycnidia were produced on PDA and varied from 47.4 to 85.8 µm (mean 60.2 µm) × 38.6 to 66.8 µm (mean 49.7 µm) (n = 17) (Figure 1 K). Conidia were hyaline, unicellular, elliptical to ovoid, 4.3-6.4 µm (mean 5.1 µm) × 2.3-3.3 µm (mean 2.8 µm) (n = 52) (Figure 1 L). Pathogenicity tests of isolate XW-9 was carried out in the field. Ten leaves were wounded with a sterilized insect needle and inoculated with mycelium plugs (7-mm diameter). Non-colonized PDA plugs served as the negative controlIn addition, conidial suspensions (105 conidia/mL) of isolate XW-9 were sprayed on surface-sterilized leaves with a further ten leaves being sprayed with sterile water as the control. Symptoms described in this study appeared in 100% of the mycelium-inoculated leaves and more than 80% of the conidium-inoculated leaves after 7 days post-inoculation (Figure 1 B-E). No symptoms were seen in the controls (Figure 1 C). Three days after inoculation, brown spots resembling those observed in the field developed on the inoculated leaves, and some lesions turned into shot holes on the infected leaves (Figure 1 G & H). However, no symptoms were observed on the controls (Figure 1 F). The fungus was re-isolated from the margins of the leaf spots and labelled P-XW-9A. The gene regions for ITS, LSU, tub2, RPB2 and ACT of isolates XW-9 and P-XW-9A were amplified and sequenced. The sequences of rDNA-ITS, LSU, tub2, RPB2 and ACT of XW-9 were GenBank MW142397, MW130844, MW165322, MW446945 and MW165324, respectively and those of P-XW-9A were GenBank MW142398, MW130845, MW165323, MW446946 and MW165325, respectively (Lumbsch, et al. 2000; Aveskamp, et al. 2009; Hou et al. 2020). Phylogenetic analysis using concatenated sequences of ITS, LSU, RPB2, and tub2 showed that isolates XW-9 and P-XW-9A formed a single clade with the reference strain of E. poaceicola CBS 987.95 (Figure 2). Thus, XW-9 was identified as E. poaceicola based on its morphological and molecular characteristics. Significantly, the recovered isolate P-XW-9A also aligned with E. poaceicola fulfilling the criteria for Koch's Postulates. E. poaceicola was only reported as a fungal pathogen of Phyllostachys viridis in China (Liu et al. 2020). To our knowledge, this is the first report of leaf spot disease on camphor trees caused by E. poaceicola in China and our findings will be useful for its management.

19.
Hematology ; 26(1): 670-674, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to assess the tolerability and effectiveness of micafungin prophylaxis during the neutropenic phase in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 73 consecutive adults receiving antifungal prophylaxis with micafungin bridged to voriconazole/itraconazole in our center from July 2013 to March 2018. Clinical and transplant-related demographics and data on fungal infection post-transplant were collected. Results Micafungin was effective in 71 (97.3%) leukopenic patients. The fungal-free survival was 91.8%, 80.6%, and 77.6% respectively at 30, 60, and 100 days after HSCT. All patients had no micafungin-related adverse events. Conclusions The utility of micafungin bridged to voriconazole/ itraconazole for antifungal prophylaxis after HSCT is beneficial.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Micafungina/administração & dosagem , Micoses , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/etiologia , Micoses/mortalidade , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Talanta ; 235: 122723, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517591

RESUMO

Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) isocyanurate (TBC) is one of the novel brominated flame retardants that has been widely used in consumer goods. Humans may be exposed to TBC daily. Studies showed that TBC can induce significant toxicity. However, there is currently no report on its in situ localization in organs. In this study, we aimed to develop a reliable and reproductive method to determine the in situ localization of TBC in mouse organs by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS). As commercially available matrices were not able to detect TBC in tissue section, we then developed a novel MALDI-IMS method based on 1,5-diaminonaphthalene hydrochloride and silver trifluoromethanesulfonate (NDA/AgOTf) as the matrix for the in situ localization of TBC. AgOTf used as the auxiliary matrix in the negative-ion mode showed an excellent MS signal of TBC. The detection limit of [2AgOTf + Br]- was at the µg/mL level. The developed MALDI-IMS method was successfully employed to obtain the TBC spatial distribution in the mouse organs collected from mice exposed to 160 mg/kg/day of TBC for 30 days. High-pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (HPLC-MS/MS) was also used to evaluate the accumulation of TBC in liver, kidney, heart, and brain. The combination of MALDI-IMS and HPLC-MS/MS showed that TBC can accumulate in mice organs and it is mainly distributed in the renal parenchyma. In summary, an innovative method was developed for the analysis of TBC spatial distribution by MALDI-IMS using a novel NDA/AgOTf matrix, extending the application of MALDI-IMS in environmental pollutants.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Retardadores de Chama , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Camundongos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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