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1.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 462-471, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182154

RESUMO

Plasmids play a critical role in the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs), however, a systematical understanding of ARGs originated from plasmids in swine production is currently lacking. Herein, quantitative polymerase chain reaction was applied to determine the prevalence of ten ARGs and the class1 integron gene intI1 of plasmid source in swine manure from 44 farms in Sichuan, Hubei and Hebei provinces, China. All assayed ARGs were observed in plasmid DNA samples, and the average absolute abundance of aac(6')-Ib-cr, blaNDM, blaCTX-M, optrA, ermB, floR, mcr-1, qnrS, tetM, sul1 and intI1 were 7.09, 2.90, 4.67, 6.62, 7.55, 7.14, 4.08, 4.85, 7.16, 7.11 and 8.07 of 10 log copies/gram, respectively. IntI1 showed a high correlation (r > 0.8, P < 0.01) with the abundance of aac(6')-Ib-cr and sul1 in swine manure. Moreover, the farm scale (i.e., herd population) and geographical location were not found to be critical factors influencing the absolute abundance of ARGs of plasmid DNA in swine farms. However, the concentrations of florfenicol, Cu, Zn, Fe, total phosphorus (TP) and total potassium (TK) demonstrated a significant correlation with the abundance of several ARGs. Particularly, Cu and Zn had high correlations with optrA and blaCTX-M, respectively. Our results demonstrated that antibiotics, heavy metals and environmental nutrients are likely jointly contributing to the long-term persistence of ARGs in swine production. This study provides insights into the abundance and influencing factors of ARGs from swine manure, which is of significance for assessing and reducing the public health risks in livestock production.


Assuntos
Esterco , Metais Pesados , Animais , Antibacterianos/análise , DNA , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Fazendas , Genes Bacterianos , Esterco/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Fósforo , Potássio , Suínos
2.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1032289, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337663

RESUMO

The fermentation medium of a newly identified Cordyceps cicadae S1 was optimized by response surface methodology, with the optimal medium containing sucrose (80 g/L), yeast powder (60 g/L), KH2PO4 (5 g/L), MgSO4·7H2O (1 g/L) and Na2SeO3 (0. 1 g/L). Under these conditions, the extracellular polysaccharide yield was 8.09 g/L. A novel selenium-enriched polysaccharide (PACI-1) was isolated from Cordyceps cicadae, purified and identified as a homofructose polysaccharide with a low average molecular weight of 9.95 × 103 Da. The fine structure of PACI-1 was analyzed using NMR, CD, and AFM. Additionally, the in vitro antioxidant results showed that the PACI-1 had stronger antioxidant capacity than natural polysaccharides. These results provided a candidate strain for producing selenium polysaccharide and a new polysaccharide from C. cicadae, which showed good antioxidant activity.

3.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(11): e0010954, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arginine kinase (AK) is one of the crucial enzymes involved in energy metabolism in invertebrates, and has been proposed as the target for RNA interference (RNAi)-based control of agricultural insect pests. While there is only one AK gene in most insects, two AK genes were identified in Culex pipiens pallens, the primary vector of lymphatic filariasis and epidemic encephalitis. METHODS: The full-length cDNA sequences of CpAK1 and CpAK2 genes were obtained by reverse transcription PCR(RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The expression levels of CpAK1 and CpAK2 in different developmental stages and tissues were detected by reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The role of CpAK1 and CpAK2 in the reproduction and blood feeding behavior was analyzed using RNA interference (RNAi). RESULTS: Full-length cDNAs of CpAK1 and CpAK2 were isolated from Cx. pipiens pallens. Analysis of the expression pattern revealed that the mRNA level of CpAK1 was significantly higher than CpAK2 in all development stages and tissues examined, and the expressions of both CpAK1 and CpAK2 were upregulated in response to blood feeding. The co-knockdown of CpAK1 and CpAK2 mediated by RNAi led to high mortality (74.3%) of adult female mosquitoes and decreased hatchability (59.9%). Remarkably, the blood feeding rate and the engorgement rate of the female mosquitoes were negatively affected by co-injection of dsRNAs targeting CpAK1 and CpAK2. CONCLUSION: CpAK1 and CpAK2 were detected in all developmental stages and tissues, but showed divergence in expression level. RNAi-mediated knockdown of AK genes leads to high mortality and negatively affect blood-feeding behavior of Cx. pipiens pallens, suggesting that AK could be used for the target of RNAi-based mosquito control in the future.

4.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by Fungi, which have serious effects on humans and animals. In this study, we selected the monodispersed polystyrene fluorescent microspheres with good luminescence performance and strong stability as markers to conjugate with four mycotoxins antibodies for preparing fluorescent probes. We have developed a fluorescent microsphere based immunochromatographic assay (FMICA) to detect sensitively and quickly zearalenone (ZEN), aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ), fumonisin B1 (FB1 ), and ochratoxin A (OTA) in cereal. RESULTS: Under optimal experimental conditions, the procedure of this method can be completed within 10 min. The limit of detection (LOD) of FMICA for ZEN, AFB1 , FB1 , and OTA is 0.072, 0.093, 0.32, and 0.19 µg·L-1 , respectively. And FMICA has good specificity and no cross-reactivity with other mycotoxins. Four mycotoxins in naturally contaminated cereal samples (corn, rice, and oat) are detected by this method, and the results are highly consistent with that of UPLC-MS /MS. CONCLUSION: The developed FMICA has good accuracy, high sensitivity, simplicity, convenience, rapidity, and low cost, and it could be employed for sensitive and quantitative detecting of mycotoxins in cereal on-site. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1049228, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439518

RESUMO

Aim: To analyze locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients and tumor characteristics during the period of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) and explore the risk factors that may predict poor tumor regression in response to TNT. Materials and methods: The data of 120 LARC patients who received TNT from December 2016 and September 2019 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological characteristics of patients with different tumor regression responses were compared. Then we divided patients into two groups according to the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) clearance pattern after chemoradiation to explore risk factors that might predict the tumor regression response. Results: Of 120 LARC patients, 34 (28.3%) exhibited poor regression. Stratified analysis by tumor response showed that patients with poor response to TNT were more likely to obtain elevated CEA during the course of TNT (all P < 0.05). For those with elevated pretreatment CEA, fewer patients with poor response obtained normal CEA after chemoradiation (13.6% vs. 72.7%, P < 0.001). Besides, less patients' CEA levels in the poor response group decreased by greater than 50% after chemoradiation when compared with that in the good response group (18.2% vs. 60.6%, P = 0.002). Stratified analysis by CEA clearance pattern after chemoradiation showed patients who obtained an elevated pretreatment CEA and decreased by less than 50% after chemoradiation were more likely to have poor response to TNT compared to others (76.2% vs. 18.2%, P < 0.001). Logistic multivariate analysis revealed that cN2 (95% CI 1.553-16.448), larger tumors (95% CI 2.250-21.428) and CEA clearance pattern after chemoradiation (95% CI 1.062-66.992) were independent risk factors for poor tumor regression response. Conclusion: Approximately one-fourth of LARC patients with TNT achieved a poor regression response. Here, cN2, larger tumor size before treatment and elevated CEA levels were considered predictive features of a poor response. Active surveillance of CEA levels during the TNT course are potentially important, and CEA levels after chemoradiation might have important implications for the tumor response to TNT.

6.
Opt Express ; 30(21): 39152-39161, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36258462

RESUMO

Computational ghost imaging (CGI) using stereo vision is able to achieve three-dimensional (3D) imaging by using multiple projection units or multiple bucket detectors which are separated spatially. We present a compact 3D CGI system that consists of Risley prisms, a stationary projection unit and a bucket detector. By rotating double prisms to various angles, speckle patterns appear to be projected by a dynamic virtual projection unit at different positions and multi-view ghost images are obtained for 3D imaging. In the process of reconstruction, a convolutional neural network (CNN) for super-resolution (SR) is adopted to enhance the angular resolution of reconstructed images. Moreover, an optimized 3D CNN is implemented for disparity estimation and 3D reconstruction. The experimental results validate the effectiveness of the method and indicate that the compact system with flexibility has potential in applications such as navigation and detection.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276864

RESUMO

Objective: This work aimed to study the compounds, targets, and pathways of turmeric and corn silk for gout and to explore the mechanism of "the same disease with different treatments" based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods: We used the TCMSP, PubChem, and SEA databases to screen the compounds and targets of turmeric and corn silk, gout-related proteins through TTD, Drugbank, DisGeNET, GeneCards, OMIM, and PharmGkb, and used Cytoscape to construct a "compound-target-disease" network. Then, we constructed a protein-protein interaction network (PPI) and used Metascape to perform GO and KEGG analysis. Finally, molecular docking (SYBYL) was used to verify the degree of binding between key targets and compounds. Results: We found bisacumol, campesterol, and stigmasterol to be the main turmeric compounds that exerted a marked effect on gout treatment by targeting protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum through the HSPA1B, HSP90AB1, and STUB1 proteins. The main corn silk compound, Mandenol, treated gout by targeting the Hippo signaling pathway through the CTNNB1, YWHAG, and YWHAZ proteins. Conclusion: Turmeric and corn silk can treat the same disease, gout, through different pathways and targets. The scientific connotation of "same disease with different treatments" can be preliminarily clarified by analyzing targets and pathways.

8.
Am Nat ; 200(5): 634-645, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260852

RESUMO

AbstractAlthough more frequently discussed recently than previously, the role of ecology in homoploid hybrid and allopolyploid speciation has not been subjected to comparative analysis. We examined abiotic niche divergence of 22 assumed homoploid hybrid species and 60 allopolyploid species from that of their progenitors. Ecological niche modeling was employed in an analysis of each species' fundamental niche, and ordination methods were used in an analysis of realized niches. Both analyses utilized 100,000 georeferenced records. From estimates of niche overlap and niche breadth, we identified for both types of hybrid species four niche divergence patterns: niche novelty, niche contraction, niche intermediacy, and niche expansion. Niche shifts involving niche novelty were common and considered likely to play an important role in the establishment of both types of hybrid species, although more so for homoploid hybrid species than for allopolyploid species. Approximately 70% of homoploid hybrid species versus 37% of allopolyploid species showed shifts in the fundamental niche from their parents, and ∼86% versus ∼52%, respectively, exhibited shifts in the realized niche. Climate was shown to contribute more than soil and landform to niche shifts in both types of hybrid species. Overall, our results highlight the significance of abiotic niche divergence for hybrid speciation, especially without genome duplication.


Assuntos
Ecologia , Especiação Genética , Ecossistema , Clima , Solo
9.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(5): e0161522, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125305

RESUMO

The emergence of the plasmid-mediated high levels of the tigecycline resistance gene has drawn worldwide attention and has posed a major threat to public health. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of the tet(X4)-positive Enterobacterales isolates collected from a pig slaughterhouse and farms. A total of 101 tigecycline resistance strains were isolated from 353 samples via a medium with tigecycline, of which 33 carried tet(X4) (9.35%, 33/353) and 2 carried tet(X6) (0.57%, 2/353). These strains belong to seven different species, with Escherichia coli being the main host bacteria. Importantly, this report is the first one to demonstrate that tet(X4) was observed in Morganella morganii. Whole-genome sequencing results revealed that tet(X4)-positive bacteria can coexist with other resistance genes, such as blaNDM-1 and cfr. Additionally, we were the first to report that tet(X4) and blaNDM-1 coexist in a Klebsiella quasipneumoniae strain. The phylogenetic tree of 533 tet(X4)-positive E. coli strains was constructed using 509 strains from the NCBI genome assembly database and 24 strains from this study, which arose from 8 sources and belonged to 135 sequence types (STs) worldwide. We used Nanopore sequencing to interpret the selected 21 nonclonal and representative strains and observed that 19 tet(X4)-harboring plasmids were classified into 8 replicon types, and 2 tet(X6) genes were located on integrating conjugative elements. A total of 68.42% of plasmids carrying tet(X4) were transferred successfully with a conjugation frequency of 10-2 to 10-7. These findings highlight that diverse plasmids drive the widespread dissemination of the tigecycline resistance gene tet(X4) in Enterobacterales of porcine origin. IMPORTANCE Tigecycline is considered to be the last resort of defense against diseases caused by broad-spectrum resistant Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, we systematically analyzed the prevalence and genetic environments of the resistance gene tet(X4) in a pig slaughterhouse and farms and the evolutionary relationship of 533 tet(X4)-positive Escherichia coli strains, including 509 tet(X4)-positive E. coli strains selected from the 27,802 assembled genomes of E. coli from the NCBI between 2002 and 2022. The drug resistance of tigecycline is widely prevalent in pig farms where tetracycline is used as a veterinary drug. This prevalence suggests that pigs are a large reservoir of tet(X4) and that tet(X4) can spread horizontally through the food chain via mobile genetic elements. Furthermore, tetracycline resistance may drive tigecycline resistance through some mechanisms. Therefore, it is important to monitor tigecycline resistance, develop effective control measures, and focus on tetracycline use in the pig farms.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Drogas Veterinárias , Suínos , Animais , Tigeciclina/farmacologia , Filogenia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Plasmídeos/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias/genética , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Síntese de Proteínas/farmacologia
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(16)2022 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012548

RESUMO

Chitosan-based composite films with good biodegradability, biocompatibility, and sustainability are extensively employed in the field of food packaging. In this study, novel chitosan/tannic acid (CTA) and chitosan/oxidized tannic acid (COTA) composite films with excellent mechanical and antibacterial properties were prepared using a tape casting method. The results showed that, when 20% tannic acid (TA) was added, the tensile strength of the CTA composite film was 80.7 MPa, which was 89.4% higher than that of the pure chitosan (CS) film. TA was oxidized to oxidized tannic acid (OTA) with laccase, and the phenolic hydroxyl groups were oxidized to an o-quinone structure. With the addition of OTA, a Schiff base reaction between the OTA and CS occurred, and a dual network structure consisting of a chemical bond and hydrogen bond was constructed, which further improved the mechanical properties. The tensile strength of 3% COTA composite film was increased by 97.2% compared to that of pure CS film. Furthermore, these CTA films with significant antibacterial effects against Escherichia coli (E. coli) are likely to find uses in food packaging applications.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Escherichia coli , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Bases de Schiff/farmacologia , Taninos/química , Resistência à Tração
11.
PeerJ ; 10: e13786, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966923

RESUMO

The basic helix loop helix (bHLH) transcription factor perform essential roles in plant development and abiotic stress. Here, a total of 122 bHLH family members were identified from the physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) genomic database. Chromosomal localization results showed that 120 members were located on 11 chromosomes. The phylogenetic tree manifested that the JcbHLHs could be grouped into 28 subfamilies. Syntenic analysis showed that there were 10 bHLH collinear genes among the physic nut, Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. These genes, except JcbHLH84, were highly expressed in various tissues of the physic nut, implying a key role in plant development. Gene expression profiles showed that ten genes (especially JcbHLH33, JcbHLH45 and JcbHLH55) correspond to both salinity and drought stresses; while eight genes only respond to salinity and another eight genes only respond to drought stress. Moreover, the protein interaction network revealed that the JcbHLHs are involved in growth, development and stress signal transduction pathways. These discoveries will help to excavate several key genes may involve in salt or drought stresses and seed development, elucidate the complex transcriptional regulation mechanism of JcbHLH genes and provide the theoretical basis for stress response and genetic improvement of physic nut.

12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(14): 9891-9902, 2022 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785964

RESUMO

Airborne microbiome alterations, an emerging global health concern, have been linked to anthropogenic activities in numerous studies. However, these studies have not reached a consensus. To reveal general trends, we conducted a meta-analysis using 3226 air samples from 42 studies, including 29 samples of our own. We found that samples in anthropogenic activity-related categories showed increased microbial diversity, increased relative abundance of pathogens, increased co-occurrence network complexity, and decreased positive edge proportions in the network compared with the natural environment category. Most of the above conclusions were confirmed using the samples we collected in a particular period with restricted anthropogenic activities. Additionally, unlike most previous studies, we used 15 human-production process factors to quantitatively describe anthropogenic activities. We found that microbial richness was positively correlated with fine particulate matter concentration, NH3 emissions, and agricultural land proportion and negatively correlated with the gross domestic product per capita. Airborne pathogens showed preferences for different factors, indicating potential health implications. SourceTracker analysis showed that the human body surface was a more likely source of airborne pathogens than other environments. Our results advance the understanding of relationships between anthropogenic activities and airborne bacteria and highlight the role of airborne pathogens in public health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Microbiota , Microbiologia do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Efeitos Antropogênicos , Bactérias , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
13.
Int J Epidemiol ; 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous Mendelian randomization (MR) studies on obesity and risk of breast cancer adopted a small number of instrumental variables and focused mainly on the crude total effect. We aim to investigate the independent causal effect of obesity on breast cancer susceptibility, considering the distribution of fat, covering both early and late life. METHODS: Using an enlarged set of female-specific genetic variants associated with adult general [body mass index (BMI)] and abdominal obesity [waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with and without adjustment for BMI, WHR and WHRadjBMI] as well as using sex-combined genetic variants of childhood obesity (childhood BMI), we performed a two-sample univariable MR to re-evaluate the total effect of each obesity-related exposure on overall breast cancer (Ncase = 133 384, Ncontrol = 113 789). We further looked into its oestrogen receptor (ER)-defined subtypes (NER+ = 69 501, NER- = 21 468, Ncontrol = 105 974). Multivariable MR was applied to estimate the independent causal effect of each obesity-related exposure on breast cancer taking into account confounders as well as to investigate the independent effect of adult and childhood obesity considering their inter-correlation. RESULTS: In univariable MR, the protective effects of both adult BMI [odds ratio (OR) = 0.89, 95% CI = 0.83-0.96, P = 2.06 × 10-3] and childhood BMI (OR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.70-0.87, P = 4.58 × 10-6) were observed for breast cancer overall. Comparable effects were found in ER+ and ER- subtypes. Similarly, genetically predicted adult WHR was also associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer overall (OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.80-0.96, P = 3.77 × 10-3), restricting to ER+ subtype (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.80-0.98, P = 1.84 × 10-2). Conditional on childhood BMI, the effect of adult general obesity on breast cancer overall attenuated to null (BMI: OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.90-1.10, P = 0.96), whereas the effect of adult abdominal obesity attenuated to some extent (WHR: OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.82-0.98, P = 1.49 × 10-2; WHRadjBMI: OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.86-0.99, P = 1.98 × 10-2). On the contrary, an independent protective effect of childhood BMI was observed in breast cancer overall, irrespective of adult measures (adjusted for adult BMI: OR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.77-0.93, P = 3.93 × 10-4; adjusted for adult WHR: OR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.76-0.91, P = 6.57 × 10-5; adjusted for adult WHRadjBMI: OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.74-0.87, P = 1.24 × 10-7). CONCLUSION: Although successfully replicating the inverse causal relationship between adult obesity-related exposures and risk of breast cancer, our study demonstrated such effects to be largely (adult BMI) or partly (adult WHR or WHRadjBMI) attributed to childhood obesity. Our findings highlighted an independent role of childhood obesity in affecting the risk of breast cancer as well as the importance of taking into account the complex interplay underlying correlated exposures.

14.
Adv Mater ; 34(36): e2205767, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35841127

RESUMO

Nitrate electrocatalytic reduction (NO3 RR) for ammonia production is a promising strategy to close the N-cycle from nitration contamination, as well as an alternative to the Haber-Bosch process with less energy consumption and carbon dioxide release. However, current long-term stability of NO3 RR catalysts is usually tens of hours, far from the requirements for industrialization. Here, symmetry-broken Cusingle-atom catalysts are designed, and the catalytic activity is retained after operation for more than 2000 h, while an average ammonia production rate of 27.84 mg h-1 cm-2 at an industrial level current density of 366 mA cm-2 is achieved, obtaining a good balance between catalytic activity and long-term stability. Coordination symmetry breaking is achieved by embedding one Cu atom in graphene nanosheets with two N and two O atoms in the cis-configuration, effectively lowering the coordination symmetry, rendering the active site more polar, and accumulating more NO3 - near the electrocatalyst surface. Additionally, the cis-coordination splits the Cu 3d orbitals, which generates an orbital-symmetry-matched π-complex of the key intermediate *ONH and reduces the energy barrier, compared with the σ-complex generated with other catalysts. These results reveal the critical role of coordination symmetry in single-atom catalysts, prompting the design of more coordination-symmetry-broken electrocatalysts toward possible industrialization.

15.
Mar Drugs ; 20(6)2022 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736154

RESUMO

Chrysolaminarin, a kind of water-soluble bioactive ß-glucan produced by certain microalgae, is a potential candidate for food/pharmaceutical applications. This study identified a marine microalga Isochrysis zhangjiangensis, in which chrysolaminarin production was investigated via nutrient (nitrogen, phosphorus, or sulfur) deprivations (-N, -P, or -S conditions) along with an increase in light intensity. A characterization of the antioxidant activities of the chrysolaminarin produced under each condition was also conducted. The results showed that nutrient deprivation caused a significant increase in chrysolaminarin accumulation, though this was accompanied by diminished biomass production and photosynthetic activity. -S was the best strategy to induce chrysolaminarin accumulation. An increase in light intensity from 80 (LL) to 150 (HL) µE·m-2·s-1 further enhanced chrysolaminarin production. Compared with -N, -S caused more suitable stress and reduced carbon allocation toward neutral lipid production, which enabled a higher chrysolaminarin accumulation capacity. The highest chrysolaminarin content and concentration reached 41.7% of dry weight (%DW) and 632.2 mg/L, respectively, under HL-S, with a corresponding productivity of 155.1 mg/L/day achieved, which exceeds most of the photoautotrophic microalgae previously reported. The chrysolaminarin produced under HL-N (Iz-N) had a relatively competitive hydroxyl radical scavenging activity at low concentrations, while the chrysolaminarin produced under HL-S (Iz-S) exhibited an overall better activity, comparable to the commercial yeast ß-glucan, demonstrating I. zhangjiangensis as a promising bioactive chrysolaminarin producer from CO2.


Assuntos
Haptófitas , Microalgas , beta-Glucanas , Biomassa , Luz , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Nutrientes
16.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 887115, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662704

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluated the efficacy and safety of noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) combined with antidepressants in patients with poststroke depression (PSD). Methods: Seven databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials of NIBS combined with antidepressants in the treatment of PSD based on the international classification of diseases (ICD-10) criteria and exclusion criteria. The retrieval time was from the database establishment to 31 October 2021. Two researchers independently screened the identified studies through the search strategy, extracted their characteristics, and evaluated the quality of the included literature. Cochrane Collaboration's tool was used to assess risk of bias. RevMan 5.3 software was applied for meta-analysis. Results: A total of 34 randomized controlled trials were included, involving 2,711 patients with PSD. Meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate was higher in the combined therapy than the antidepressant alone [odds ratio (OR): 4.33; 95% confidence interval (CI): 3.07 to 6.11; p < 0.00001]. The Hamilton depressive scale (HAMD) score was significantly lower in repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) (≤10 Hz) combined with antidepressant than in antidepressant alone [standard mean difference (SMD): -1.44; 95% CI: -1.86 to -1.03; p < 0.00001]. No significant difference was seen in rTMS (>10 Hz) combined with antidepressant versus antidepressant alone (SMD: -4.02; 95% CI: -10.43 to 2.39; p = 0.22). In addition, combination therapy more strongly improved the modified Barthel index (MBI) scale than antidepressants [mean difference (MD): 8.29; 95% CI: 5.23-11.35; p < 0.00001]. Adverse effects were not significantly different between two therapies (OR: 1.33; 95% CI: 0.87 to 2.04; p = 0.18). Conclusion: Low-frequency rTMS (≤10 Hz) combined with antidepressants tends to be more effective than antidepressants alone in patients with PSD, and there are no significant adverse effects. In addition, combined therapy may enhance quality of life after stroke. Combination therapy with high-frequency rTMS (>10 Hz) showed no advantage in treating PSD. The transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) combined with antidepressants might be more effective than antidepressants alone, which are needed to confirm by more clinical trials since the.

17.
Comput Biol Chem ; 99: 107699, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667300

RESUMO

CDK1 and CDK4 are highly similar isoforms but with apparently diverse cellular functions, which makes it fundamental to discover selective CDK4 inhibitors that could accurately control the process of cell cycle of the specific organization so as to restore normal physiological state. In current research, interaction modes of CDK1 and CDK4 inhibitors were investigated through combined in silico strategies to elucidate the selectivity mechanism against CDK4 over CDK1, revealing that H-bond networks formed with key amino acids such as LYS33 and LEU83 of CDK1 and VAL93 of CDK4 are crucial for CDK4 selective inhibition, which would provide a theoretical basis for the design of selective CDK4 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina
18.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 242, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733206

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Extralevator (ELAPE) and abdominoperineal excision (APE) are two major surgical approaches for low rectal cancer patients. Although excellent short-term efficacy is achieved in patients undergoing ELAPE, the long-term benefits have not been established. In this study we evaluated the safety, pathological and survival outcomes in rectal cancer patients who underwent ELAPE and APE. METHODS: One hundred fourteen patients were enrolled, including 68 in the ELAPE group and 46 in the APE group at the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2011 to November 2020. The baseline characteristics, overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) were calculated and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Demographics and tumor stage were comparable between the two groups. The 5-year PFS (67.2% versus 38.6%, log-rank P = 0.008) were significantly improved in the ELAPE group compared to the APE group, and the survival advantage was especially reflected in patients with pT3 tumors, positive lymph nodes or even those who have not received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Multivariate analysis showed that APE was an independent risk factor for OS (hazard ratio 3.000, 95% confidence interval 1.171 to 4.970, P = 0.004) and PFS (hazard ratio 2.730, 95% confidence interval 1.506 to 4.984, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION:  Compared with APE, ELAPE improved long-term outcomes for low rectal cancer patients, especially among patients with pT3 tumors, positive lymph nodes or those without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Protectomia , Neoplasias Retais , Abdome/patologia , Abdome/cirurgia , Humanos , Períneo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 37(7): 1657-1668, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716183

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective was to compare disease-free survival (DFS) and distant metastasis in patients with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) and total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) for locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients with cT3-4N0M0 or cTxN1-2M0 rectal cancer were included in this retrospective study. Patients who received NCRT (radiotherapy with concurrent capecitabine) or TNT (radiotherapy with two concurrent cycles of capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) followed by another two cycles of CAPOX) during January 2011 and November 2016 at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were included. All patients had received radical surgery. Adverse events, pathological response and survival outcomes in the two groups were compared. RESULTS: One hundred eighty-two patients were enrolled, 120 in the TNT and 62 in the NCRT groups. No significant between-group differences in neoadjuvant therapy-associated adverse events or surgical complications were found. TNT achieved a higher pathological complete response (pCR) rate (25.8%) compared with NCRT (12.9%, P = 0.044). Patients in the TNT group had a higher 3-year DFS rate (82.8% versus 75.7%, P = 0.041) and lower distant metastasis rate (19.2% versus 33.1%, P = 0.049) than those in the NCRT group. Multivariate analysis showed that NCRT was an independent risk factor for DFS (95%CI 2.023-13.415, P = 0.001) and distant metastasis (95% CI 2.149-20.082, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: With similar adverse events and a higher pCR rate when compared with NCRT, TNT might be considered as a safe and effective therapeutic strategy to improve prognosis in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Neoplasias Retais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Oxaliplatina , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 511-516, 2022 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642163

RESUMO

Objective: To establish a brain hematoma CT image segmentation method based on watershed and region-growing algorithm so as to measure hematoma volume quickly and accurately, to explore the consistency between the results of this segmentation method and those of manual segmentation, the clinical gold standard, and to compare the results of this method with the calculation of the two Tada formulas commonly used in clinical practice. Methods: The preoperative CT images of 152 patients who were treated for spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage at the Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University between January 2018 and June 2019 were retrospectively collected. The CT images were randomly assigned, by using a random number table, to the training set, the test set and the validation set, which contained 100 patients, 22 patients and 30 patients, respectively. The labeling results of the training set and the test set were used in algorithm training and testing. Four methods, namely, manual segmentation, algorithm segmentation, i.e., segmentation calculation based on watershed and regional growth algorithm, Tada formula, i.e., the traditional Tada formula calculation, and accurate Tada formula, i.e., accurate Tada formula calculation based on 3D-Slicer, were applied on the validation set to measure the hematoma volume. The Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) data of subjects meeting the selection criteria of the study were manually segmented by two experienced neurosurgeons. The hematoma segmentation model was built based on watershed algorithm and regional growth algorithm. Seed point selected by neurosurgeons was taken as the starting point of growth. Regional grayscale difference criterion combined with manual segmentation validation were adopted to determine the regional growth threshold that met the segmentation precision requirements for intracranial hematoma. Using manual segmentation as the gold standard, Bland-Altman consistency analysis was used to verify the consistency of the three other methods for measuring hematoma volume. Results: With manual segmentation as the gold standard, among the three methods of measuring hematoma volume, algorithm segmentation had the smallest percentage error, the narrowest range of difference, the highest intra-group correlation coefficient (0.987), good consistency, and the narrowest 95% limits of agreement ( LoA). The percentage error of its segmentation was not statistically significant for hematomas of different volumes. Conclusion: The segmentation method of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage based on watershed and regional growth algorithm shows stable measurement performance and good consistency with the clinical gold standard, which has considerable clinical significance, but it still needs further validation with more clinical samples.


Assuntos
Hematoma , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Algoritmos , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
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