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1.
Invest New Drugs ; 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985594

RESUMO

Our previous studies have revealed the important roles of the nonseed regions of microRNAs (miRNAs) in gene regulation, which provided novel insight into the development of miRNA analogs for cancer therapy. Here, we altered each nucleotide in the nonseed region of miR-34a and obtained novel synthetic miRNA analogs. Among them, AM22, with a base alteration from G to C at the 17th nucleotide of miR-34a, showed extensive antiproliferative activity against several colorectal tumor cell lines and achieved effective inhibition of core binding factor subunit ß (CBFB) expression. Subsequent investigations demonstrated that AM22 directly targeted CBFB by binding to its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Inhibition of CBFB showed obvious antiproliferative activity on HCT-116 and SW620 cells. Furthermore, the antiproliferative effects of AM22 on these cells were also measured in xenograft mouse models. In conclusion, this study identified AM22 as a potential antitumor miRNA by targeting CBFB and provided a new design approach for miRNA-based cancer treatment by changing the nonseed region of miRNA.

2.
Small Methods ; 6(1): e2101212, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041277

RESUMO

Two-dimensional metal-organic complex (MOC) nanosheets are of great interest in various areas. Current strategies applied to synthesize MOC nanosheets are suffering from low yield, usage of large amounts of environmentally unfriendly organic solvent, are time and energy consuming, and cumbersome steps for 2D nanostructures. In this work, a novel joule heating mechanism is proposed to fabricate MOC nanosheets about 5 nm in thickness with tunable metal compositions (i.e. M = Co, CoNi, and CoFe) within 60 s. Small amount of water is used as the only solvent. Under the intense irradiation of the microwave, fast heating via ionic conduction loss is realized, and urea is catalytically condensed into the long-chain organic ligands rich in N atoms that are capable of coordinating with metal ions to form the stubborn MOC framework, which is simultaneously puffed into an ultrathin nanosheet structure by the intensive release of gas. As a proof of concept, the as-synthesized Co-MOC nanosheet exhibits a superior lithium storage performance of 360 and 330 mA h g-1 after 1200 and 2300 cycles at a current density of 500 and 1000 mA g-1 , respectively.

3.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; : e9240, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904306

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Tirabrutinib is an orally administered Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor developed for the treatment of autoimmune disorders and haematological malignancies. The goals of this study were to identify the metabolites of tirabrutinib and to propose the metabolic pathways. METHODS: Tirabrutinib was individually incubated with rat, dog and human liver microsomes at 37 o C for 1 h. To trap the potential reactive metabolites, glutathione (GSH) was incorporated into the incubations. The incubation samples were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography combined with high resolution mass spectrometer (UPLC-HRMS). The metabolites were identified and characterized by exact masses, product ions and retention times. RESULTS: A total of eighteen metabolites including four GSH conjugates were identified and characterized in terms of elemental compositions and product ions. The metabolic pathways of tirabrutinib included amide hydrolysis, O-dealkylation, mono-oxygenation, di-oxygenation and GSH conjugation. Among these metabolites, M10 was the most abundant metabolite. Compared with dog, rat has the closer metabolic profiles to humans and it would be more suitable for toxicity study. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides valuable data regarding the in vitro metabolism of tirabrutinib, which may be helpful for further safety assessment of this drug.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840584

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide is a commonly used anticancer drug, and immunosuppression is one of the most common side effects. How to recover the immunological function is important for cyclophosphamide-treated patients. In the present study, Phellodendri Cortex polysaccharides (CPP) could enhance the proliferation of mouse spleen lymphocytes in vitro. The immunoregulatory function of CPP was then investigated in cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppressed mice. In CPP-treated groups, mice were orally treated with CPP at doses of 1, 0.5, and 0.25 g/kg bodyweight from 1 to 11 d, respectively. The cyclophosphamide was administrated in CPP and cyclophosphamide groups from 12 to 14 d. In the cyclophosphamide and normal control groups, the mice received equal volume of saline from 1 to 14 d. The results showed that CPP (1 g/kg) could significantly increase the bodyweight of mice, even during cyclophosphamide treatment. The organ coefficients of the spleen and thymus were recovered by CPP treatment. CPP upregulated the contents of cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IFN-γ, and TNF-α) in serum, which were downregulated by cyclophosphamide. The mRNA levels of these cytokines were also elevated by CPP treatment in the spleen. Cyclophosphamide upregulated the expressions of NF-κB p65, TLR4, and MyD88, suggesting that the NF-κB signaling pathway was activated by cyclophosphamide. After CPP treatment, it was recovered to normal level. These results indicated that CPP alleviated the cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression.

5.
Biomaterials ; 279: 121225, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739984

RESUMO

The development of a rapid-forming in-situ sprayable hydrogel with the functions of tumor treatment and wound healing is essential for eliminating residual tumor tissue and promoting wound healing caused by surgical resection. On account of its semiconductor properties, ß-FeSi2 (FS) was widely explored as a thermoelectric material. In this work, FS was first applied as a bioactive material for the application of tissue engineering. Excitedly, we found that FS could be used as a novel antitumor agent. It exhibited excellent photothermal performance, and the released Fe ions could generate •OH under the acidic conditions and excessive H2O2 in the tumor microenvironment. Moreover, the sprayable ß-FeSi2-incorporated sodium alginate (FS/SA) hydrogel was prepared as an instant gelation after spraying in situ, contributing to timely tumor-induced skin wound healing and efficiently suppressing tumors through photothermal and chemodynamic therapy (PTT and CDT). Furthermore, the released bioactive Fe and Si ions could promote the migration and differentiation of endothelial cells and the pro-angiogenesis of skin wounds. Accordingly, such sprayable hydrogel played an effective role in emergency wound treatment with the advantage of convenience and portability. Overall, with incorporation of FS into the sprayable FS/SA hydrogel, the composite hydrogel possessed dual functions of tumor therapy and skin wound healing.

6.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 44(12): 1954-1963, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741196

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment (EVT) for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to intracranial atherosclerosis-related basilar artery occlusion (ICAS-related BAO) by comparison with embolic and tandem occlusion. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients with AIS due to BAO who underwent EVT. Patients were assigned to the ICAS-related group and embolic group, and tandem group based on the etiology. Baseline data, procedural details, and clinical outcomes were compared between the three groups. RESULTS: A total of 100 patients (ICAS-related group: 31; embolic group: 41; tandem group: 28) were included. No significant difference was observed in the successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b or 3), but the procedural time differed significantly (60 min vs. 43 min vs. 60 min, P = 0.010). There were no differences in the different intracranial hemorrhage grades among the three groups (P = 0.134). After adjusting for baseline differences, there was no significant difference in pairwise comparisons regarding favorable outcome (mRS 0-2), moderate outcome (mRS 0-3), and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment for patients with acute ICAS-related BAO had equal efficacy and safety compared with embolic BAO and tandem BAO. Primary endovascular treatment and rescue modalities were effective treatments for acute ICAS-related BAO.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Nurs Open ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741501

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the practice effect of establishing an integrated treatment process by stroke emergency nurses in general hospitals for acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). DESIGN: Compared the time spent in each link before and after the establishment of AIS integrated treatment. METHODS: Since March 2016, we set up a team of emergency stroke nurses (ESN), trained and assessed the knowledge of emergency stroke, and set up a post of ESN. RESULTS: The median time of admission-judgement, admission-establishment of venous access, admission-cranial CT examination and admission-intravenous thrombolytic therapy was statistically significantly shortened after the implementation of the integrated treatment process of AIS coordinated by stroke emergency nurses (p < .01). The new treatment process of AIS further shortens the time of each treatment link and promotes the timeliness.

8.
Nano Lett ; 21(22): 9651-9660, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767374

RESUMO

Flexible aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) are considered as promising energy storage devices for wearable electronics due to their cost-effectiveness, environmental friendliness, and high theoretical energy density. Herein, a flexible fiber-shaped aqueous ZIB is demonstrated by using a self-assembled Co3O4 nanosheet array on a carbon nanotube fiber as the cathode and Zn nanosheets deposited on a carbon nanotube fiber as the anode. The cycle life span of the fiber-shaped battery is largely enhanced by a simple electrolyte dynamics engineering strategy of preadding a trace amount of Co2+ cations in the mild aqueous electrolyte. The assembled fiber-shaped ZIB shows a high specific capacity (158.70 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1), superior rate capacity, and excellent cycling life span (97.27% capacity retention after 10,000 cycles). Additionally, the fiber-shaped ZIB also shows superior flexibility, which can charge a smart watch under deformed states. This work provides new opportunities for the development of flexible, safe, and high-performance energy storage devices for wearable electronics.

9.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 244, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous reports regarding health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of hypertensive individuals commonly concentrated on urban population. This study focused on rural population and aimed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. METHODS: Date were derived from Henan Rural Cohort study. The HRQoL of participants were assessed via European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) instrument. Tobit regression model and generalized linear model were employed to explore the influencing factors of HRQoL. Another binary logistic regression was utilized to examine the robustness of our results. RESULTS: Among 23,485 rural population, 8128 participants were identified with hypertension. The mean (SD) utility index and VAS score of non-hypertension group were 0.96 (0.09) and 79.66 (14.20), respectively, while in hypertension group were 0.94 (0.14) and 75.88 (15.50), respectively. Pain/discomfort was the most common self-reported problem (23.05%) for patients. Aging and suffering with other diseases were negatively associated with HRQoL among rural patients, while high socioeconomic status and healthy lifestyles corresponded with high HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension did push considerable pressures on patients' HRQoL. Maintaining healthy lifestyles and improving the socioeconomic status of patients were advisable ways to reduce this burden. Trial registration The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699). http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=11375.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , População Rural
10.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(10): e25378, 2021 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Named entity recognition (NER) plays an important role in extracting the features of descriptions such as the name and location of a disease for mining free-text radiology reports. However, the performance of existing NER tools is limited because the number of entities that can be extracted depends on the dictionary lookup. In particular, the recognition of compound terms is very complicated because of the variety of patterns. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate an NER tool concerned with compound terms using RadLex for mining free-text radiology reports. METHODS: We leveraged the clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System (cTAKES) to develop customized pipelines using both RadLex and SentiWordNet (a general purpose dictionary). We manually annotated 400 radiology reports for compound terms in noun phrases and used them as the gold standard for performance evaluation (precision, recall, and F-measure). In addition, we created a compound terms-enhanced dictionary (CtED) by analyzing false negatives and false positives and applied it to another 100 radiology reports for validation. We also evaluated the stem terms of compound terms by defining two measures: occurrence ratio (OR) and matching ratio (MR). RESULTS: The F-measure of cTAKES+RadLex+general purpose dictionary was 30.9% (precision 73.3% and recall 19.6%) and that of the combined CtED was 63.1% (precision 82.8% and recall 51%). The OR indicated that the stem terms of effusion, node, tube, and disease were used frequently, but it still lacks capturing compound terms. The MR showed that 71.85% (9411/13,098) of the stem terms matched with that of the ontologies, and RadLex improved approximately 22% of the MR from the cTAKES default dictionary. The OR and MR revealed that the characteristics of stem terms would have the potential to help generate synonymous phrases using the ontologies. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a RadLex-based customized pipeline for parsing radiology reports and demonstrated that CtED and stem term analysis has the potential to improve dictionary-based NER performance with regard to expanding vocabularies.


Assuntos
Radiologia , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Radiografia
11.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(4): 1786-1796, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532128

RESUMO

Background: Racial disparities in the survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) exist. Gene mutations have a profound effect on carcinogenesis, are easily affected by environment and etiology factors, and may result in survival divergences among patients with different racial backgrounds. This report explores the effects of gene mutations on the survival of American Caucasians and Asian patients. Methods: The sequencing and clinical data of 336 HCC patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The sequencing data was subject to gene mutation profiling, and an analysis of immune cell infiltration was conducted. A multivariate analysis was performed to assess the independent effects of gene mutations on patients' overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Results: Asian HCC patients had a significantly higher level of TP53 mutation frequency than Caucasian HCC patients (Asian vs. Caucasian, 39% vs. 23%; P=0.003). The TP53 mutation was associated with shorter OS [hazard ratio (HR), 2.33; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.36-3.97; P=0.002] and DFS (HR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.38-3.51; P<0.001) in Caucasian HCC patients, but had no effect on Asian HCC patients' survival. Compared to Asian HCC patients, Caucasian HCC patients with the TP53 mutation had a decreased proportion of infiltrating M2 macrophages and activating natural killer (NK) cells, and an increased proportion of follicular helper T cells. The RB1 mutation was associated with shorter OS (HR, 3.37; 95% CI, 1.73-6.57; P<0.001) in Asian HCC patients, and shorter DFS (HR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.15-3.88; P=0.017) in Caucasian HCC patients. Asian HCC patients with the RB1 mutation had a decreased proportion of infiltrating CD8 T cells. Conclusions: The effects of the TP53 and RB1 mutations on survival differ among Asian and Caucasian HCC patients.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(20): 23905-23914, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980008

RESUMO

The growing applications of wearable electronics, electronic textiles, and biomedical devices have sparked explosive demand for high-performance flexible sensors. Herein, we report a facile approach for fabricating a highly sensitive carbon hybrid fiber, which is composed of a graphene fiber skeleton and carbon nanotube (CNT) branches. In this hierarchical fiber, in situ grown CNTs prohibit the stacking of graphene sheets and bridge graphene layers simultaneously, making the hybrid fiber fluffy and conductive. Due to the well-designed architecture, the assembled fiber sensor exhibits satisfactory performance with a high gauge factor (up to 1127), a fast response time (less than 70 ms), and excellent reliability and stability (>2000 cycles). This work provides a feasible and scalable pathway for the fabrication of ultrasensitive fiber-based sensors, achieving the full realization of monitoring human physiological signals and architecting a real-time human-machine controlling system. Moreover, these practical sensors are used to monitor the sitting posture to prevent cervical spondylosis and lumbar disc herniation.


Assuntos
Fibra de Carbono/química , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Têxteis , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Condutividade Elétrica , Humanos
13.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(16): e2100523, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963672

RESUMO

The reconstruction of dermal blood vessels is essential for skin regeneration process. However, the lack of vascular structure, insufficient angiogenesis induction, and ineffective graft-host anastomosis of the existing skin substitutes are major bottle-necks for permanent skin replacement in tissue engineering. In this study, the uniform strontium silicate (SS) microcylinders are successfully synthesized and integrated into the biomaterial ink to serve as stable cell-induced factors for angiogenesis, and then a functional skin substitute based on a vascularization-induced biomimetic multicellular system is prepared via a "cell-writing" bioprinting technology. With an unprecedented combination of vascularized skin-mimicking structure and vascularization-induced function, the SS-containing multicellular system exhibits outstanding angiogenic activity both in vitro and in vivo. As a result, the bioprinted skin substitutes significantly accelerate the healing of both acute and chronic wounds by promoting the graft-host integration and vascularized skin regeneration in three animal models. Therefore, the study provides a referable strategy to fabricate biomimetic multicellular constructs with angiogenesis-induced function for regeneration of vascularized complex and hierarchical tissues.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Bioimpressão , Animais , Tinta , Impressão Tridimensional , Regeneração , Silicatos , Estrôncio , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Cicatrização
14.
Invest New Drugs ; 39(5): 1267-1274, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909231

RESUMO

The families of miR-34 and miR-449 share the same seed region. However, the members showed differential effects on the expression of B7-H3 and PD-L1 in HCT-116 cells. Using miR-34a as a template, the non-seed region was modified by nucleotide alteration, yielding four synthetic microRNA (miRNA) analogs. Among those, NS-MX3, with a base alteration from G to C at the 18th locus of miR-34a, showed the most potent inhibition on both B7-H3 and PD-L1 expression. Subsequent investigations demonstrated that NS-MX3 had a broad anti-proliferation activity against several colorectal tumor cell lines and its antitumor effect was consistently reflected by tumor growth inhibition (TGI) in the HCT-116 xenograft model. In addition, NS-MX3 displayed a synergistic effect on TGI when combined with bevacizumab or regorafenib. Further analysis revealed that the superior antitumor activity of NS-MX3 was correlated to concomitant suppression of both B7-H3 and PD-L1 expression in tumor tissues. Taken together, the present study indicates that the non-seed region of miRNAs plays an important role in the regulation of checkpoint genes, thus showcasing single nucleotide alteration of the non-seed region as a promising approach to discover and develop novel immunotherapies.

15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 557: 1-7, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853029

RESUMO

Human organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B3 (OATP1B3, gene symbol SLCO1B3) is a liver-specific uptake transporter. Its function was reported to be largely affected by some positively charged amino acid residues. However, so far the effect of naturally occurring genetic variants of charged residues on OATP1B3's function has not been explored yet. Therefore, in the present study nonsynonymous single nucleotide variants that led to the replacement of charged residues of OATP1B3 were investigated. Our results demonstrated that rare coding variants c.542G > A (p.R181H) and c.592G > A (p.D198N) had a great effect on the function of OATP1B3 mainly due to their influence on protein's surface expression. Further mutation studies showed that a negatively charged residue at position 198 was indispensable to the proper expression of OATP1B3 on the plasma membrane, while a positively charged reside at position 181 was not a must. Structural modeling indicated that R181 is located at the center of putative transmembrane domain 4 (TM4) and its side chain faces towards TM2 instead of towards the substrate translocation pathway, whereas D198 is located at the border of TM4 and intracellular loop 2 and may electrostatically repulse negatively charged phospholipid head groups. In conclusion, our results indicated that rare coding variants that cause changes of charged amino acid residues might have large influence on the function and expression of OATP1B3.


Assuntos
Fígado/metabolismo , Mutação , Membro 1B3 da Família de Transportadores de Ânion Orgânico Carreador de Soluto/genética , Membro 1B3 da Família de Transportadores de Ânion Orgânico Carreador de Soluto/metabolismo , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Transporte Biológico , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Fígado/citologia , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida/métodos , Domínios Proteicos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
ACS Omega ; 6(5): 3612-3624, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644526

RESUMO

The accurate prediction of fertilizer crushing force could reduce the crushing rate in the process of transportation and utilization and ensure the efficient utilization of the fertilizer so as to realize the sustainable and clean production of crops. To achieve this goal, a fertilizer crushing force prediction model based on the shape characteristics was proposed in this paper using the Pearson correlation coefficient, differential evolution algorithm, and the support vector machine (P-DE-SVM). First, the shape characteristics and crushing force of fertilizers were measured by an independently developed agricultural material shape analyzer and digital pressure gauge, and the shape characteristics related to the fertilizer crushing force were proposed based on the Pearson correlation coefficient. Second, a fertilizer crushing force prediction model based on a support vector machine was constructed, in which the optimal kernel function was the radial basis function. Finally, a differential evolution algorithm was proposed to optimize the internal parameters of the fertilizer-crushing force prediction model, and at the same time, a fertilizer granularity inspection range was calculated. The experimental results showed that the maximum error rate of the fertilizer crushing force prediction model was between -10.4 and 10.9%, and the fertilizer granularity inspection range was reasonable. The proposed prediction model in this paper could lay a solid foundation for fertilizer production and quality inspection, which would help reduce fertilizer crushing and improve fertilizer utilization to realize the sustainable and clean production of crops.

17.
Adv Mater ; 33(8): e2004782, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448066

RESUMO

The revolutionary and pioneering advancements of flexible electronics provide the boundless potential to become one of the leading trends in the exploitation of wearable devices and electronic skin. Working as substantial intermediates for the collection of external mechanical signals, flexible strain sensors that get intensive attention are regarded as indispensable components in flexible integrated electronic systems. Compared with conventional preparation methods including complicated lithography and transfer printing, 3D printing technology is utilized to manufacture various flexible strain sensors owing to the low processing cost, superior fabrication accuracy, and satisfactory production efficiency. Herein, up-to-date flexible strain sensors fabricated via 3D printing are highlighted, focusing on different printing methods based on photocuring and materials extrusion, including Digital Light Processing (DLP), fused deposition modeling (FDM), and direct ink writing (DIW). Sensing mechanisms of 3D printed strain sensors are also discussed. Furthermore, the existing bottlenecks and future prospects are provided for further progressing research.

18.
Clin Neuroradiol ; 31(2): 457-464, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The prognosis after endovascular treatment (EVT) of acute arterial occlusions due to intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD) may differ from those due to embolism. The aim was to evaluate whether safety and efficacy of EVT differ among patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) M1 occlusion from ICAD or embolism. METHODS: A database review was conducted to identify EVT patients with acute MCA M1 occlusion from November 2013 to December 2018.The patients were divided into the ICAD group and embolic group according to the etiology of occlusion. Using propensity score analysis, patients with ICAD-related occlusion and embolism underwent 1:1 matching. Angiographic results, complications, and clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: A total of 217 patients (ICAD: 51; embolism: 166) were identified. After propensity score matching, 45 patients with ICAD-related occlusion and 45 with embolism were matched. All baseline covariates except atrial fibrillation were statistically indistinguishable. The rate of successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction [mTICI] 2b-3) was similar between the two groups, while the rate of mTICI 3 in the ICAD group was higher. No statistical difference was observed in the rate of postprocedural intracranial hemorrhage. The rate of favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] ≤2) and mortality at 90 days was comparable. CONCLUSION: This propensity score analysis demonstrated that the EVT patients with acute ICAD-related MCA M1 occlusion had similar angiographic and clinical outcomes compared to those with M1 embolism on a similar baseline condition.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Embolia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana , AVC Isquêmico , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
ACS Omega ; 6(51): 35844-35851, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34984313

RESUMO

Phenolsulfonphthalein (PSP or phenol red), a sulfonphthalein dye, has been used as a diagnostic agent and a pH indicator in cell culture medium. After administered into the body, PSP is excreted into urine and bile. The urinary excretion of PSP is mediated by organic anion transporter 1/3 (OAT1/3) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2). In biliary excretion, PSP is effluxed from hepatocytes into the bile via MRP2. However, so far, the molecular mechanism for PSP transport from the blood into hepatocytes is unclear. In the present study, six human major hepatic uptake transporters expressed on the basolateral membrane of hepatocytes, namely, organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1), OATP1B3, OATP2B1, Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1), and OAT2, have been investigated to see whether they are involved in the hepatic uptake of PSP. An in vitro cell-based study demonstrated that PSP is a substrate for OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OATP2B1, with OATP1B3 showing the highest transport efficiency. The K m values for OATP1B1-, OATP1B3-, and OATP2B1-mediated PSP uptake were 11.3 ± 1.5, 7.0 ± 1.5, and 5.1 ± 1.0 µM, respectively. PSP interacts with known OATP substrates/inhibitors. However, the presence of PSP in cell culture medium has no significant effect on OATP's function. In vivo pharmacokinetic study in wild-type and Oatp1b2-knockout mice showed that Oatp1b2-knockout led to elevated plasma concentration and decreased liver accumulation of PSP. Taken together, the present study showed that in the liver, OATP1B1, OATP1B3, and OATP2B1 are involved in the uptake of PSP from the blood into hepatocytes, which, along with MRP2-mediated efflux of PSP from hepatocytes into the bile, constitute the vectorial transport of PSP from the blood to the bile and may play a critical role in the biliary excretion of PSP.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(21)2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105746

RESUMO

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of laser shock peening (LSP) subjected to fretting fatigue with TC11 titanium alloy specimens and pads. Three laser power densities (3.2 GW/cm2, 4.8 GW/cm2 and 6.4 GW/cm2) of LSP were chosen and tested using manufactured fretting fatigue apparatus. The experimental results show that the LSP surface treatment significantly improves the fretting fatigue lives of the fretting specimens, and the fretting fatigue life increases most when the laser power density is 4.8 GW/cm2. It is also found that with the increase of the laser power density, the fatigue crack initiation location tends to move from the surface to the interior of the specimen.

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