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1.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; : 1-6, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of adiponectin-resistin (AR) index as a better indicator of obesity-related hypertension. METHOD(S): This study continued a case control study that had finished recruiting 153 subjects divided as four characteristic groups. Fasting serum resistin levels (FSR) and Fasting serum adiponectin levels (FSA) were tested by ELISA. And, other related anthropometric clinical and metabolic data were collected. Analyzation on correlations between research index and differences between groups were done by SPSS. AR index's performance was also validated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the net reclassification improvement (NRI), and the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI). RESULT(S): The AR index was defined as 1+ log10(R0)-log10(A0). AUC of the AR index was 0.660 and NRI and IDI indicated AR index outperformed FSA alone. AR index statistically significantly negatively correlated with SB and DB and positively with ALB and SCR. AR index was statistically significantly different between the NH group and OH group and more specific than FSR alone as a biomarker of obesity-related hypertension. CONCLUSION(S): The AR index was more strongly associated with increased risk of obesity-related hypertension than the solely index of FSR or FSA and was useful for early diagnosis of obesity-related hypertension.

2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2102741, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623034

RESUMO

Supramolecular self-assemblies of dendritic peptides with well-organized nanostructures have great potential as multifunctional biomaterials, yet the complex self-assembly mechanism hampers their wide exploration. Herein, a self-stabilized supramolecular assembly (SSA) constructed from a PEGylated dendritic peptide conjugate (PEG-dendritic peptide-pyropheophorbide a, PDPP), for augmenting tumor retention and therapy, is reported. The supramolecular self-assembly process of PDPP is concentration-dependent with multiple morphologies. By tailoring the concentration of PDPP, the supramolecular self-assembly is driven by noncovalent interactions to form a variety of SSAs (unimolecular micelles, oligomeric aggregates, and multi-aggregates) with different sizes from nanometer to micrometer. SSAs at 100 nm with a spherical shape possess extremely high stability to prolong blood circulation about 4.8-fold higher than pyropheophorbide a (Ppa), and enhance tumor retention about eight-fold higher than Ppa on day 5 after injection, which leads to greatly boosting the in vivo photodynamic therapeutic efficiency. RNA-seq demonstrates that these effects of SSAs are related to the inhibition of MET-PI3K-Akt pathway. Overall, the supramolecular self-assembly mechanism for the synthetic PEGylated dendritic peptide conjugate sheds new light on the development of supramolecular assemblies for tumor therapy.

3.
Nanoscale ; 13(32): 13681-13692, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477643

RESUMO

A hypoxic environment in tumors hampers the therapeutic efficacy of radiotherapy. Moreover, radiotherapy, a localized treatment technique, can barely control tumor metastases. Herein, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) was used to encapsulate perfluorocarbon (PFC) for increasing the oxygen level and a lignan-derived compound (Q1) for enhancing IL-25 secretion from fibroblasts, thereby boosting the radiotherapeutic effect on local and distant tumors. The prepared co-delivery nanoplatform, PFC-Q1@PLGA, has a nano-scale size of around 160 nm and a negative zeta potential (about -13 mV). PFC-Q1@PLGA treatment leads to an arrest of the G2 phase (4n) in the cell cycle and reduces the mitochondria membrane potential. A high expression level of IL-25 in fibroblasts is detected after the cells are treated with PFC-Q1@PLGA, which increases the late apoptosis percentage of 4T1 cells after treatment with IL-25-containing conditional medium from fibroblasts. The oxygen level in tumors is significantly promoted to about 52.3% after injection of oxygen-saturated PFC-Q1@PLGA (O2), which is confirmed from the functional magnetic resonance images of the tumor site in mice. The in vivo study demonstrates that the injection of PFC-Q1@PLGA (O2) into local tumors significantly enhances the radiotherapeutic effect on local tumors and also inhibits the growth of remote tumors by an enhanced abscopal effect. This study presents a novel radiotherapy strategy to enable synergistic whole-body therapeutic responses after localized treatment with PFC-Q1@PLGA (O2).


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Lignanas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Oxigênio , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microsatellite instability, programmed death-ligand 1 and tumor-infiltrating leukocytes are prognostic biomarkers in colorectal cancer but unknown toward familial adenomatous polyposis. AIM: To investigate the prognostic and clinicopathological roles of microsatellite instability, programmed death-ligand 1 and tumor-infiltrating leukocytes in familial adenomatous polyposis. METHODS: Clinical data and paraffin embedded tissues from 45 familial adenomatous polyposis patients were collected. Microsatellite instability was detected by immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction. Programmed death-ligand 1 was detected by immunohistochemistry. Tumor-infiltrating leukocytes comprising CD8+ T cells, M1 and M2 tumor associated macrophages, CD56bright and CD56dim natural killer cells were analyzed using multiple fluorescence immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Microsatellite instability high was noted in 6 samples but not associated with overall survival or progression-free survival. Programmed death-ligand 1 is negative on tumor cells but positive on tumor-infiltrating leukocytes, and positive programmed death-ligand 1 expression on tumor-infiltrating leucocytes is associated with overall survival. Low CD56bright natural killer cell infiltration was associated with longer progression-free survival and was an independent prognostic factor in FAP. CONCLUSION: For familial adenomatous polyposis, microsatellite instability high can be found but has no correlation with prognosis; programmed death-ligand 1 on tumor-infiltrating leukocytes is related with overall survival; CD56bright natural killer cell is an independent prognostic factor associating with longer progression-free survival.

6.
Nanoscale ; 13(36): 15205-15209, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486641

RESUMO

An atomic-scale understanding of nanoscale precipitates in thermoelectric materials will help us explore their microstructure-property relationship, providing a strategy to optimize their thermoelectric properties. In thermoelectric ß-SnTe, using advanced electron microscopy techniques, self-aligned nanoscale precipitates have been identified as γ-SnTe ultrathin nanosheets that induce anisotropic strain in the ß-SnTe matrix. The interlayer van der Waals interactions occur across the interface of γ-SnTe ultrathin nanosheets and the ß-SnTe matrix. The phase transition from γ-SnTe ultrathin nanosheets to ß-SnTe can be accomplished by in situ electron-beam irradiation that lays out an approach for tuning the properties of SnTe-based thermoelectric materials.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e2104594, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554623

RESUMO

Inspired by natural saccharide-protein complexes, a stimuli-responsive biodegradable and branched glycopolymer-pyropheophorbide-a (Ppa) conjugate (BSP) with saccharide units for cancer therapy is constructed. A linear glycopolymeric conjugate (LSP), a branched glycopolymeric conjugate (BShP) from Ppa with long carbon chains, and a branched conjugate (BHSP) based on poly[N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide] (polyHPMA) without saccharide units are prepared as controls. Through structure-activity relationship studies, BSP with a 3D network structure forms stable nanostructures via weak intermolecular interactions, regulating the stacking state of Ppa to improve the singlet oxygen quantum yield and the corresponding photodynamic therapy (PDT) effect. BSP shows high loading of olaparib, and are further coated with tumor cell membranes, resulting in a biomimetic nanomedicine (CM-BSPO). CM-BSPO shows highly efficient tumor targeting and cellular internalization properties. The engulfment of CM-BSPO accompanied with laser irradiation results in a prominent antitumor effect, evidenced by disruption of cell cycles in tumor cells, increased apoptosis and DNA damage, and subsequent inhibition of repair for damaged DNA. The mechanism for the synergistic effect from PDT and olaparib is unveiled at the genetic and protein level through transcriptome analysis. Overall, this biodegradable and branched glycopolymer-drug conjugate could be effectively optimized as a biomimetic nanomedicine for cancer therapy.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575885

RESUMO

Tauopathies refer to a group of neurodegenerative diseases with intracellular accumulation of hyperphosphorylated and aggregated microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) in neurons and glial cells. PS19 mice bearing the MAPT P301S mutation have been used to mimic human frontotemporal lobar degeneration. The present study was designed to systematically investigate how behavioural functions, resting cerebral blood flow (CBF) and tau pathology change in PS19 mice at 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 months of age in a single study under one experimental condition, allowing for the cumulative assessment of age- and genotype-dependent changes. PS19 mice displayed hyperactivity and reduced anxiety levels with age, early and persistent spatial working memory deficits and reduced resting neocortical CBF. Immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry revealed age-related increases in phosphorylated tau in the brain of PS19 mice. In conclusion, the present study, for the first time, cumulatively demonstrated the time-course of changes in behavioural functions, resting CBF and tau pathology in a P301S tauopathy mouse model through their developmental span. This information provides further evidence for the utility of this model to study neurodegenerative events associated with tauopathy and tau dysfunction.

9.
Small ; 17(40): e2102363, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499407

RESUMO

Electrochemical N2 fixation represents a promising strategy toward sustainable NH3 synthesis, whereas the rational design of high-performance catalysts for the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) is urgently required but remains challenging. Herein, a novel hexagonal BN quantum dots (BNQDs) decorated Nb2 CTx -MXene (BNQDs@Nb2 CTx ) is explored as an efficient NRR catalyst. BNQDs@Nb2 CTx presents the optimum NRR activity with an NH3 yield rate of 66.3 µg h-1 mg-1 (-0.4 V) and a Faradaic efficiency of 16.7% (-0.3 V), outperforming most of the state-of-the-art NRR catalysts, together with an excellent stability. Theoretical calculations revealed that the synergistic interplay of BNQDs and Nb2 CTx enabled the creation of unique interfacial B sites serving as NRR catalytic centers capable of enhancing the N2 activation, lowering the reaction energy barrier and impeding the H2 evolution.

10.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt B): 111997, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506781

RESUMO

Nitrosamines, a group of emerging nitrogenous pollutants, are ubiquitously found in the drinking water system. However, less is known about how systemic biological responses resist or tolerate nitrosamines, especially long-term co-exposure at low concentrations. In this study, untargeted metabolomics was used to investigate the metabolic perturbations in human esophageal epithelial Het-1A cells induced by a mixture of nine common nitrosamines in drinking water at environmentally relevant, human-internal-exposure, and genotoxic concentrations. Generally, the disrupted metabolic spectrum became complicated with nitrosamines dose increasing. Notably, two inflammation-associated pathways, namely, cysteine (Cys) and methionine (MET) metabolism, and nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism, changed significantly under the action of nitrosamines, even at the environmentally relevant level. Furthermore, targeted metabolomics and molecular biology indicators in cells were identified in mice synchronously. For one thing, the up-regulated Cys and MET metabolism provided methyl donors for histone methylation in the context of pro-inflammatory response. For another, the down-regulated NAD+/NADH ratio inhibited the deacetylation of NF-кB p65 and eventually activated the NF-кB signaling pathway. Taken collectively, the metabolomics molecular signatures were important indicative markers for nitrosamines-induced inflammation. The potential crosstalk between the inflammatory cascade and metabolic regulation also requires further studies. These findings suggest that more attention should be paid to long-term co-exposure at low concentrations in the control of nitrosamines pollution in drinking water. Additionally, this study also highlights a good prospect of the combined metabolomic-molecular biology approach in environmental toxicology.

11.
Biomaterials ; 277: 121061, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508957

RESUMO

Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models are powerful tools for understanding cancer biology and drug discovery. In this study, a polymeric nano-sized drug delivery system poly (OEGMA)-PTX@Ce6 (NPs@Ce6) composed of a photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and a cathepsin B-sensitive polymer-paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug was constructed. The photochemical internalization (PCI) effect and enhanced chemo-photodynamic therapy (PDT) were achieved via a two-stage light irradiation strategy. The results showed that the NPs@Ce6 had great tumor targeting and rapid cellular uptake induced by PCI, thereby producing excellent anti-tumor effects on human bladder cancer PDX models with tumor growth inhibition greater than 98%. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the combination of PTX chemotherapy and PDT up-regulated oxidative phosphorylation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, blocked cell cycle and proliferation, and down-regulated the pathways related to tumor progression, invasion and metastasis, including hypoxia, TGF-ß signaling and TNF-α signaling pathways. Western blots analysis confirmed that proteins promoting apoptosis (Bax, Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved PARP) and DNA damage (γH2A.X) were up-regulated, while those inhibiting apoptosis (Bcl-2) and mitosis (pan-actin and α/ß-tubulin) were down-regulated after chemo-PDT treatment. Therefore, this stimuli-responsive polymer-PTX prodrug-based nanomedicine with combinational chemotherapy and PDT evaluated in the PDX models could be a potential candidate for bladder cancer therapy.

12.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 698852, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568090

RESUMO

Children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) display an altered gut microbiota compared with healthy children. However, little is known about the fecal bile acid profiles and their association with gut microbiota dysbiosis in pediatric NAFLD. A total of 68 children were enrolled in this study, including 32 NAFLD patients and 36 healthy children. Fecal samples were collected and analyzed by metagenomic sequencing to determine the changes in the gut microbiota of children with NAFLD, and an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) system was used to quantify the concentrations of primary and secondary bile acids. The associations between the gut microbiota and concentrations of primary and secondary bile acids in the fecal samples were then analyzed. We found that children with NAFLD exhibited reduced levels of secondary bile acids and alterations in bile acid biotransforming-related bacteria in the feces. Notably, the decrease in Eubacterium and Ruminococcaceae bacteria, which express bile salt hydrolase and 7α-dehydroxylase, was significantly positively correlated with the level of fecal lithocholic acid (LCA). However, the level of fecal LCA was negatively associated with the abundance of the potential pathogen Escherichia coli that was enriched in children with NAFLD. Pediatric NAFLD is characterized by an altered profile of gut microbiota and fecal bile acids. This study demonstrates that the disease-associated gut microbiota is linked with decreased concentrations of secondary bile acids in the feces. The disease-associated gut microbiota likely inhibits the conversion of primary to secondary bile acids.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Criança , Cromatografia Líquida , Fezes , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 244, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macromoleculization of nitroxides has been an effective strategy to improve low relaxivities and poor in vivo stability, however, nitroxides-based metal-free magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) macromolecular contrast agents (mCAs) are still under-performed. These mCAs do not possess a high nitroxides content sufficient for a cumulative effect. Amphiphilic nanostructures in these mCAs are not stable enough for highly efficient protection of nitroxides and do not have adequate molecular flexibility for full contact of the paramagnetic center with the peripheral water molecules. In addition, these mCAs still raise the concerns over biocompatibility and biodegradability due to the presence of macromolecules in these mCAs. RESULTS: Herein, a water-soluble biodegradable nitroxides-based mCA (Linear pDHPMA-mPEG-Ppa-PROXYL) was prepared via covalent conjugation of a nitroxides (2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1-pyrrolidinyl-N-oxyl, PROXYL) onto an enzyme-sensitive linear di-block poly[N-(1, 3-dihydroxypropyl) methacrylamide] (pDHPMA). A high content of PROXYL up to 0.111 mmol/g in Linear pDHPMA-mPEG-Ppa-PROXYL was achieved and a stable nano-sized self-assembled aggregate in an aqueous environment (ca. 23 nm) was formed. Its longitudinal relaxivity (r1 = 0.93 mM- 1 s- 1) was the highest compared to reported nitroxides-based mCAs. The blood retention time of PROXYL from the prepared mCA in vivo was up to ca. 8 h and great accumulation of the mCA was realized in the tumor site due to its passive targeting ability to tumors. Thus, Linear pDHPMA-mPEG-Ppa-PROXYL could provide a clearly detectable MRI enhancement at the tumor site of mice via the T1WI SE sequence conventionally used in clinical Gd3+-based contrast agents, although it cannot be compared with DTPA-Gd in the longitudinal relaxivity and the continuous enhancement time at the tumor site of mice. Additionally, it was demonstrated to have great biosafety, hemocompatibility and biocompatibility. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, Linear pDHPMA-mPEG-Ppa-PROXYL could be a potential candidate as a substitute of metal-based MRI CAs for clinical application.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(4)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368864

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a physiologically important gas transmitter that serves various biological functions in the body, in a manner similar to that of carbon monoxide and nitric oxide. Cystathionine­ß­synthase, cystathionine­Î³­lyase and cysteine transaminase/3­mercaptopyruvate sulphotransferase are important enzymes involved H2S production in vivo, and the mitochondria are the primary sites of metabolism. It has been reported that H2S serves an important physiological role in the kidney. Under disease conditions, such as ischemia­reperfusion injury, drug nephrotoxicity and diabetic nephropathy, H2S serves an important role in both the occurrence and development of the disease. The present review aimed to summarize the production, metabolism and physiological functions of H2S, and the progress in research with regards to its role in renal injury and renal fibrosis in recent years.

17.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 161, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability is a key feature of atheroprogression and precipitating acute cardiovascular events. Although the pivotal role of epigenetic regulation in atherosclerotic plaque destabilization is being recognized, the DNA methylation profile and its potential role in driving the progression and destabilization of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains largely unknown. We conducted a genome-wide analysis to identify differentially methylated genes in vulnerable and non-vulnerable atherosclerotic lesions to understand more about pathogenesis. RESULTS: We compared genome-wide DNA methylation profiling between carotid artery plaques of patients with clinically symptomatic (recent stroke or transient ischemic attack) and asymptomatic disease (no recent stroke) using Infinium Methylation BeadChip arrays, which revealed 90,368 differentially methylated sites (FDR < 0.05, |delta beta|> 0.03) corresponding to 14,657 annotated genes. Among these genomic sites, 30% were located at the promoter regions and 14% in the CpG islands, according to genomic loci and genomic proximity to the CpG islands, respectively. Moreover, 67% displayed hypomethylation in symptomatic plaques, and the differentially hypomethylated genes were found to be involved in various aspects of inflammation. Subsequently, we focus on CpG islands and revealed 14,596 differentially methylated sites (|delta beta|> 0.1) located at the promoter regions of 7048 genes. Integrated analysis of methylation and gene expression profiles identified that 107 genes were hypomethylated in symptomatic plaques and showed elevated expression levels in both advanced plaques and ruptured plaques. The imprinted gene PLA2G7, which encodes lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), was one of the top hypomethylated genes with an increased expression upon inflammation. Further, the hypomethylated CpG site at the promoter region of PLA2G7 was identified as cg11874627, demethylation of which led to increased binding of Sp3 and expression of Lp-PLA2 through bisulfate sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. These effects were further enhanced by deacetylase. CONCLUSION: Extensive DNA methylation modifications serve as a new and critical layer of biological regulation that contributes to atheroprogression and destabilization via inflammatory processes. Revelation of this hitherto unknown epigenetic regulatory mechanism could rejuvenate the prospects of Lp-PLA2 as a therapeutic target to stabilize the atherosclerotic plaque and reduce clinical sequelae.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126933, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425431

RESUMO

Difenoconazole (DFZ) is a broad-spectrum triazole fungicide, that is extensively used in agriculture. Studies have shown that residues of DFZ and other fungicides have toxic effects on nontarget organisms. However, its hepatoxicity in mammals remains unclear. Here, we characterized the toxic hepatic effects in male C57BL/6 mice exposed to 30 and 100 mg/kg bw DFZ for 14 and 56 days, respectively. The results revealed that DFZ could increase the relative liver weights, however, the relative fat and spleen weights decreased. More importantly, DFZ exposure changed the hepatic morphology and induced hepatic oxidative stress. Gene expression analysis suggested that DFZ could induce a glycolipid metabolism disorder. Moreover, hepatic transcriptomic analysis revealed the effects of DFZ exposure on the transcriptional levels of various genes, and enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) showed that energy metabolism and immune-associated pathways were mainly affected. We validated the results from transcriptomic analysis and found that some key genes related to energy metabolism were affected. In addition, flow cytometry showed that the CD3+/CD4+ and CD3+ /CD8+ levels declined in the spleen of mice. Taken together, these findings combined with transcriptome analysis highlighted that DFZ caused different endpoints in the liver, which could provide more evidence for investigating the toxic effects of DFZ in mammals.

19.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 34(8): 1866-1878, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296853

RESUMO

The relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) and esophageal cancer (EC) has been controversial, which may be caused by the difference in geographic regions of sample origin. Thus, we conducted a case-control study to find that HPV increased the risk of esophageal cancer, and the HPV18 detection rate is the highest (24.2%) among patients with EC, suggesting that HPV18 could be the most risk subtype of HPV infected. We then identified high-risk HPV18 and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG) to establish a model on the viral etiology cooperating with environmental carcinogens. Het-1A cells containing HPV18 were continuously exposed to MNNG or not; then the morphological phenotype and function assays were performed in 25th passage cells. MNNG promoted the proliferation and invasion abilities and inhibited apoptosis both in Het-1A-HPV18 and control group. However, the Het-1A-HPV18 had a stronger change in phenotypic features and formed more transformed foci in soft agar. Further, Western blot found p53 and p21 were down-regulated, and expression of c-Myc, MMP-2, and MMP-9 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio were up-regulated. Our results revealed that MNNG was easier to induce malignant transformation of Het-1A cells transfected with HPV18. It is good evidence for the close relationship between HPV and the etiology of EC, providing foundation for further study in molecular mechanism and specific intervention targets.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112494, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265532

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) pollution in water and agricultural soil has always been a worldwide concern. This research aims to investigate the health effects of copper exposure on Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) under the existing environmental quality standards (1 mg/L and 2 mg/L) via lifespan, reproduction, biological markers and transcriptome analysis. The results showed that copper of these two environmental standards shorten the lifespan of nematodes, reduced the brood size, reduced the frequency of pharyngeal pumps and prolonged defecation time as aging-related behaviors, and increased the levels of aging-related markers ROS, MDA and H2O2. There was a certain effect trend for the two exposure concentrations. Further, the possible molecular mechanism of copper-induced aging and reproductive effects on C. elegans was explored. Differential gene expression analysis was performed, and 2332 genes (567 up- and 1765 down-regulated genes) in the 1 mg/L group, 2449 DEGs (724 up- and 1725 down-regulated genes) in the 2 mg/L group in response to copper treatment. The top 20 regulated genes were vit (vit-1, vit-3, vit-4) genes, col genes (col-35, col-72, col-114, col-123, col-164, col-183, col-185), eea-1, him-18 and grl-20, which suggested that cuticle collagen synthesis and yolk expression were disrupted by copper. Analysis of KEGG pathway showed copper exposure widely affects longevity regulation pathways, thereby promoting aging. In summary, the sequencing results extensively and deeply reveal the health hazards of environmentally relevant doses of copper exposure to C. elegans, and behavioral testing verified that copper promoted aging of C. elegans.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Cobre/toxicidade , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Longevidade , Masculino , Transcriptoma
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