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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522005

RESUMO

Behavioral sensitization is a progressive increase in locomotor or stereotypic behaviours in response to drugs. It is believed to contribute to the reinforcing properties of drugs and to play an important role in relapse after cessation of drug abuse. However, the mechanism underlying this behaviour remains poorly understood. In this study, we showed that mTOR signaling was activated during the expression of behavioral sensitization to cocaine and that intraperitoneal or intra-nucleus accumbens (NAc) treatment with rapamycin, a specific mTOR inhibitor, attenuated cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization. Cocaine significantly modified brain lipid profiles in the NAc of cocaine-sensitized mice and markedly elevated the levels of phosphatidylinositol-4-monophosphates (PIPs), including PIP, PIP2, and PIP3. The behavioural effect of cocaine was attenuated by intra-NAc administration of LY294002, an AKT-specific inhibitor, suggesting that PIPs may contribute to mTOR activation in response to cocaine. An RNA-sequencing analysis of the downstream effectors of mTOR signalling revealed that cocaine significantly decreased the expression of SynDIG1, a known substrate of mTOR signalling, and decreased the surface expression of GluA2. In contrast, AAV-mediated SynDIG1 overexpression in NAc attenuated intracellular GluA2 internalization by promoting the SynDIG1-GluA2 interaction, thus maintaining GluA2 surface expression and repressing cocaine-induced behaviours. In conclusion, NAc SynDIG1 may play a negative regulatory role in cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization by regulating synaptic surface expression of GluA2.

2.
BMC Nephrol ; 19(1): 335, 2018 11 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common glomerular etiology of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Increasing evidence has indicated the reparative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in damaged diseased kidneys. However, the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the FSGS progression remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of BMSCs on FSGS progression. METHODS: A rat model of FSGS was generated via unilateral nephrectomy plus adriamycin injection. Rat BMSCs were isolated and characterized on the basis of their differentiative potential towards adipocytes and osteoblasts and via flow cytometry analysis. Thereafter, rat BMSCs were transplanted into FSGS recipients through the caudal vein. After 8 weeks, 24-h proteinuria, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen levels were determined. Renal morphology was assessed using a light and transmission electron microscope. MMP9 and TIMP-1 positive cells were detected via immunohistochemical analysis. Expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α were examined via RT-PCR. RESULTS: The isolated adherent cells from the bone marrow of rats were phenotypically and functionally equivalent to typical MSCs. Clinical examination revealed that BMSC transplantation reduced the 24-h urinary protein excretion, and serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels. Renal morphology was ameliorated in BMSCs-transplanted rats. Mechanistically, BMSC transplantation significantly downregulated TIMP-1 and upregulated MMP9, thereby increasing the renal MMP9/TIMP-1 ratio. Moreover, BMSC transplantation also downregulated IL-6 and TNF-α. CONCLUSIONS: BMSC transplantation can attenuate FSGS progression in a rat model of FSGS, thereby providing a theoretical foundation for the application of autologous BMSCs in clinical FSGS therapy.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/patologia , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Glomerulosclerose Segmentar e Focal/etiologia , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 33(12): 1677-82, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24517069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of resveratrol on transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) induced transdifferentiation of podocytes. METHODS: Mouse podocytes in vitro cultured under differentiating conditions for 10 days were divided into the normal group, the model group, the high dose resveratrol group, and the low dose resveratrol group. The podocytes in the high and low dose resveratrol groups were intervened with 5 micromol/L and 2 micromol/L resveratrol respectively for 30 min. Those in the model group and the two resveratrol treated groups were continually incubated with 5 ng/mL TGF-beta1 for 72 h. Those in the normal group were routinely cultured. The protein expression of podocyte phenotypic protein molecules such as E-cadherin, P-cadherin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), NEPH1, and alpha-smooth muscle-actin (alpha-SMA) were detected by immunocytochemistry, flow cytometry (FCM), and Western blot. A simple albumin influx assay was used to evaluate the filtration barrier function of podocyte monolayer. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, E-cadherin (+) percentage rate, the protein expression of P-cadherin, ZO-1, and NEPH1 significantly decreased in the model group (P < 0.05), but the expression of alpha-SMA and albumin permeability across podocyte monolayers increased significantly (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, E-cadherin (+) percentage rate significantly increased (P < 0.05) and albumin permeability across podocyte monolayers decreased significantly (P < 0.05) in the high and low dose resveratrol groups. In the low dose resveratrol group, the expression of P-cadherin and NEPH1 significantly increased (P < 0.05). In the high dose resveratrol group, the expression of P-cadherin, ZO-1, and NEPH1 increased significantly, and the expression of alpha-SMA decreased significantly (P < 0.05). The correlations between resveratrol concentrations and the expression of E-cadherin (+), P-cadherin, and NEPH1 were significantly positive (r(E-cadherin (+)) = 0.772, r(P-cadherin) = 0.756, r(NEPH1) = 0.809, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The role of resveratrol in inhibiting TGF-beta1 induced phenotype abnormality might be an important mechanism for preserving the integrality of glomerular filtration barrier and decreasing proteinuria.


Assuntos
Transdiferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Podócitos/citologia , Podócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Túbulos Renais/citologia , Túbulos Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Resveratrol , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
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