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1.
Food Microbiol ; 101: 103897, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579850

RESUMO

The effects of l-glycine (Gly) and l-glutamic acid (Glu) on oxidative damage induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in Pediococcus pentosaceus R1 were investigated. Gly and Glu significantly reduce the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the levels of malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins and concomitantly increase ATP levels in P. pentosaceus R1 under H2O2-induced stress (P < 0.05). Transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy of bacteria under H2O2-induced stress revealed that Gly and Glu suppress bacterial membrane deformation and cell damage. Gly exhibited stronger ferrous ion-chelating ability, whereas Glu has higher radical scavenging activities and reducing power (P < 0.05). The abilities of Gly and Glu to inhibit lipid peroxidation are comparable. Gly and Glu significantly enhance the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, respectively, and increase the total antioxidant capacity of bacteria (P < 0.05). These findings indicate that Gly and Glu alleviate H2O2-induced oxidative stress via direct antioxidant effects and increase the activities of bacterial antioxidant enzyme.

2.
Meat Sci ; 183: 108658, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482216

RESUMO

The flavour profiles of beef jerky separately inoculated with different autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains (Lactobacillus sakei BL6, Pediococcus acidilactici BP2, and Lactobacillus fermentum BL11) and a non-inoculated control were analysed using electronic nose (E-nose) and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). GC-IMS results revealed a total of 42 volatile compounds in beef jerky. Inoculation of the three LAB strains decreased the levels of lipid autoxidation-derived aldehydes (e.g., hexanal, heptanal, octanal, and nonanal). In addition, inoculation of P. acidilactici BP2 increased the levels of esters. Principal component analysis of the E-nose and GC-IMS results could effectively differentiate non-inoculated beef jerky and beef jerky separately inoculated with different LAB strains. Furthermore, there was a high correlation between the E-nose and GC-IMS results, providing a theoretical basis for the identification of different beef jerky formulations and selection of autochthonous starter cultures for beef jerky fermentation.

3.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(4): 845-853, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472485

RESUMO

Wallerian degeneration is a complex biological process that occurs after nerve injury, and involves nerve degeneration and regeneration. Schwann cells play a crucial role in the cellular and molecular events of Wallerian degeneration of the peripheral nervous system. However, Wallerian degeneration regulating nerve injury and repair remains largely unknown, especially the early response. We have previously reported some key regulators of Wallerian degeneration after sciatic nerve injury. Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis protein repeat-containing protein 3 (BIRC3) is an important factor that regulates apoptosis-inhibiting protein. In this study, we established rat models of right sciatic nerve injury. In vitro Schwann cell models were also established and subjected to gene transfection to inhibit and overexpress BIRC3. The data indicated that BIRC3 expression was significantly up-regulated after sciatic nerve injury. Both BIRC3 upregulation and downregulation affected the migration, proliferation and apoptosis of Schwan cells and affected the expression of related factors through activating c-fos and ERK signal pathway. Inhibition of BIRC3 delayed early Wallerian degeneration through inhibiting the apoptosis of Schwann cells after sciatic nerve injury. These findings suggest that BIRC3 plays an important role in peripheral nerve injury repair and regeneration. The study was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Nantong University, China (approval No. 2019-nsfc004) on March 1, 2019.

4.
Can J Microbiol ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644507

RESUMO

Brucella abortus is a Gram-negative intracellular parasite bacteria causing serious health hazards in humans and animals. The type IV secretion system (T4SS), encoded by the virB promoter, has been identified as an important virulence factor for Brucella abortus, but the impact on Brucella abortus A19 remains unclear. In this study, the T4SS of Brucella abortus A19 was inactivated by deleting the virB promoter, resulting in a mutant strain A19ΔvirB. Real-time PCR and Western-blotting analysis demonstrated that T4SS-related proteins were not expressed after virB promoter deletion. Moreover, the survival rate of A19 in high salt and strong acidic environments was decreased after virB promoter deletion. Compared to the parental strain A19, the A19ΔvirB mutant strain showed reduced growth rate in TSB, decreased invasion ability to macrophages and dendritic cells, and reduced virulence of the mutant strain in macrophages, dendritic cells and mice. In addition, the A19ΔvirB mutant strain showed enhanced autophagy on macrophages and dendritic cells compared with A19, and the A19ΔvirB mutant strain was able to upregulate IL-6 and downregulate IL-10 in macrophages. These data help us to better understand the T4SS of the A19 vaccine strain and contribute to our efforts to improve Brucella vaccines.

5.
Hum Resour Health ; 19(1): 125, 2021 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To track progress in maternal and child health (MCH), understanding the health workforce is important. This study seeks to systematically review evidence on the profile and density of MCH workers in China. METHODS: We searched 6 English and 2 Chinese databases for studies published between 1 October 1949 and 20 July 2020. We included studies that reported on the level of education or the certification status of all the MCH workers in one or more health facilities and studies reporting the density of MCH workers per 100 000 population or per 1000 births. MCH workers were defined as those who provided MCH services in mainland China and had been trained formally or informally. RESULTS: Meta-analysis of 35 studies found that only two-thirds of obstetricians and paediatricians (67%, 95% CI: 59.6-74.3%) had a bachelor or higher degree. This proportion was lower in primary-level facilities (28% (1.5-53.9%)). For nurses involved in MCH care the proportions with a bachelor or higher degree were lower (20.0% (12.0-30.0%) in any health facility and 1% (0.0-5.0%) in primary care facilities). Based on 18 studies, the average density of MCH doctors and nurses was 11.8 (95% CI: 7.5-16.2) and 11.4 (7.6-15.2) per 100 000 population, respectively. The average density of obstetricians was 9.0 (7.9-10.2) per 1000 births and that of obstetric nurses 16.0 (14.8-17.2) per 1000 births. The density of MCH workers is much higher than what has been recommended internationally (three doctors and 20 midwives per 3600 births). CONCLUSIONS: Our review suggests that the high density of MCH workers in China is achieved through a mix of workers with high and low educational profiles. Many workers labelled as "obstetricians" or "paediatrician" have lower qualifications than expected. China compensates for these low educational levels through task-shifting, in-service training and supervision.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630601

RESUMO

Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the stress response during intubation and extubation in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods: 122 patients undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomly divided into two groups: the TEAS group (n = 62) and the control group (n = 60). Patients in the TEAS group underwent electroacupuncture stimulation of bilateral Neiguan (PC6), Hegu (L14), Lieque (LU7), and Chize (LU5) acupoints from 30 min before anesthesia to the end of surgery. The patients in the control group did not undergo stimulation. The primary endpoints were the hemodynamic parameters and plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol. The secondary endpoints were the consumption of remifentanil and propofol, Ramsay sedation score and arousal time, extubation quality score, and postoperative complications. Results: The hemodynamic variables and plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and cortisol during intubation and extubation were lower in the TEAS group at T1, T3, and T4 compared with the control group. TEAS led to a reduction in the consumption of remifentanil (P < 0.01), as well as a reduction in the incidence of postoperative complications. The extubation quality score was lower (P < 0.01) while the Ramsay sedation score was higher (P < 0.01) in the TEAS group than in the control group. However, the arousal time and consumption of propofol were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: TEAS can maintain hemodynamic stability, reduce the stress response during intubation and extubation, improve the quality of anesthesia recovery, and decrease the incidence of postoperative complications in patients undergoing VATS.

7.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666000

RESUMO

Endothelial cells (ECs) derived from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) provide great resource for vascular disease modeling and cell-based regeneration therapy. However, the molecular mechanisms of EC differentiation are not completely understood. In this study, we checked transcriptional profile by microarray and found Hippo pathway is changed and the activity of YAP decreased during mesoderm-mediated EC differentiation from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Knockdown of YAP in hESCs promoted both mesoderm and EC differentiation indicating by mesodermal- or EC-specific marker gene expression increased both in mRNA and protein level. In contrast, overexpression of YAP inhibited mesoderm and EC differentiation. Microarray data showed that several key transcription factors of EC differentiation, such as FLI1, ERG, SOX17 are upregulated. Interestingly, knockdown YAP enhanced the expression of these master transcription factors. Bioinformation analysis revealed that TEAD, a YAP binds transcription factors, might regulate the expression of EC master TFs, including FLI1. Luciferase assay confirmed that YAP binds to TEAD1, which would inhibit FLI1 expression. Finally, FLI1 overexpression rescued the effects of YAP overexpression-mediated inhibition of EC differentiation. In conclusion, we revealed the inhibitory effects of YAP on EC differentiation from PSCs, and YAP inhibition might promote expression of master TFs FLI1 for EC commitment through interacting with TEAD1, which might provide an idea for EC differentiation and vascular regeneration via manipulating YAP signaling.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6628923, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631885

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the tear levels of inflammatory cytokines in patients with keratoconus (KC). Design: Systemic review and meta-analysis. Methods: The following electronic databases and search engine were searched: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. A systematic search of all relevant studies published through January 2021 was conducted, and the standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of cytokine levels were calculated to estimate the pooled effects. Sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis, and metaregression were applied to explore the sources of heterogeneity. Results: A total of 7 studies with 374 participants (374 eyes) from clinical studies were included. The tear levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) were significantly increased in KC compared with normal controls. The SMD of IL-1ß was 1.93 (95% CI 0.22 to 3.65, P = 0.03). The SMD of IL-6 was 1.22 (95% CI 0.59 to 1.84, P < 0.001). The SMD of TNF-α was 1.75 (95% CI 0.66 to 2.83, P = 0.002). There was no significant difference between the two groups on interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). The SMD for IL-4 was 2.36 (95% CI -0.28 to 5.00, P = 0.08) and for IL-10 was 0.30 (95% CI -1.29 to 1.89, P = 0.71). Meta-regression analysis indicated that the heterogeneity maybe significantly correlated with the method of detection, the different ages, and the source of population. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that proinflammatory cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were increased, indicating that cytokine profile changed in KC tears and inflammation may play an important role in the pathogenesis and development of KC.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 740732, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604085

RESUMO

Objective: To build and assess a pre-treatment dual-energy CT-based clinical-radiomics nomogram for the individualized prediction of clinical response to systemic chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Methods: A total of 69 pathologically confirmed AGC patients who underwent dual-energy CT before systemic chemotherapy were enrolled from two centers in this retrospective study. Treatment response was determined with follow-up CT according to the RECIST standard. Quantitative radiomics metrics of the primary lesion were extracted from three sets of monochromatic images (40, 70, and 100 keV) at venous phase. Univariate analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) were used to select the most relevant radiomics features. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to establish a clinical model, three monochromatic radiomics models, and a combined multi-energy model. ROC analysis and DeLong test were used to evaluate and compare the predictive performance among models. A clinical-radiomics nomogram was developed; moreover, its discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness were assessed. Result: Among the included patients, 24 responded to the systemic chemotherapy. Clinical stage and the iodine concentration (IC) of the tumor were significant clinical predictors of chemotherapy response (all p < 0.05). The multi-energy radiomics model showed a higher predictive capability (AUC = 0.914) than two monochromatic radiomics models and the clinical model (AUC: 40 keV = 0.747, 70 keV = 0.793, clinical = 0.775); however, the predictive accuracy of the 100-keV model (AUC: 0.881) was not statistically different (p = 0.221). The clinical-radiomics nomogram integrating the multi-energy radiomics signature with IC value and clinical stage showed good calibration and discrimination with an AUC of 0.934. Decision curve analysis proved the clinical usefulness of the nomogram and multi-energy radiomics model. Conclusion: The pre-treatment DECT-based clinical-radiomics nomogram showed good performance in predicting clinical response to systemic chemotherapy in AGC, which may contribute to clinical decision-making and improving patient survival.

10.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of ALK rearrangement is still contradictory. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of lung adenocarcinoma patients with ALK rearrangement, and analyze whether these patients benefited from targeted therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 80 ALK-rearranged lung adenocarcinoma patients who had undergone radical surgery and another 3031 ALK mutation-negative patients were retrospectively reviewed for inclusion in this case-controlled analyses. Overall survival (OS) was evaluated using the Kaplan--Meier method. Univariate analysis (UVA) and multivariate analysis (MVA) by the Cox proportional hazards regression identified risk factors that predicted OS. RESULTS: Compared to ALK-negative patients, the ALK rearranged patients were younger, with more non-smokers, more females, a larger primary tumor was demonstrated, and were a higher pathological stage. In particular, the risk of lymph node metastasis was higher. For patients with surgically-resected tumors, the prognosis was better for ALK rearranged patients (HR = 0.503; 95% CI: 0.259-0.974, p = 0.041). In addition, for stage II-III patients, targeted therapy was an independent prognostic factor of better OS (HR = 0.159; 95% CI: 0.032-0.801, p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: ALK rearranged lung adenocarcinoma patients who have undergone radical surgery have distinct clinical features. Patients with ALK rearrangement may have a favorable prognosis, and stage II-III patients may benefit from targeted treatment.

11.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In chronic kidney disease (CKD), patients inevitably reach end-stage renal disease and require renal replacement therapies. Emerging evidence suggests that CKD is associated with metabolite disorders. However, the molecular pathways targeted by metabolites remain enigmatic. Here, we describe roles of the metabolite 1-hydroxypyrene in mediating renal fibrosis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We analysed 5406 urine and serum samples from patients with stage 1-5 CKD using metabolomics, and 1-hydroxypyrene was identified and validated using longitudinal and drug intervention cohorts as well as 5/6 nephrectomised and adenine-induced rats. KEY RESULTS: We identified correlations between the urine and serum levels of 1-hydroxypyrene and the estimated glomerular filtration rate in patients with CKD onset and progression. Moreover, increased 1-hydroxypyrene levels in serum and kidney tissues correlated with decreased renal function in two rat models. Upregulated mRNA expression of aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhR) and its target genes, including CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and CYP1B1, was observed in both patients and rats with progressive CKD. Our study further showed upregulated mRNA expression of AhR and its three target genes and upregulated nuclear AhR protein levels in mice and HK-2 cells treated with 1-hydroxypyrene, which caused accumulation of extracellular matrix components. Furthermore, treatment with AhR short hairpin RNA or flavonoids inhibited mRNA expression of AhR and its target genes in 1-hydroxypyrene-induced HK-2 cells and mice. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Metabolite 1-hydroxypyrene was demonstrated to mediate renal fibrosis through activation of the AhR signalling pathway. Therefore, targeting AhR may be an alternative therapeutic strategy for CKD progression.

12.
J Cancer ; 12(22): 6629-6639, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659553

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are characterized by self-renewal and unlimited proliferation, providing a basis for tumor occurrence, metastasis, and recurrence. Because CSCs are highly resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, various immunotherapies, particularly chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy and dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccine therapy, are currently being developed. Accordingly, in this study, we evaluated programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in colorectal CSCs (CCSCs) and non-CCSCs and designed a combination immunotherapy synchronously utilizing PD-L1-CAR-T cells together with CCSC-DC vaccine-sensitized T cells for the treatment of colorectal cancer. PD-L1-CAR-T cells specifically recognized the PD-L1 molecule on CCSCs by binding to the extracellular domain of programmed cell death-1. The CCSC-DC vaccine was prepared using CCSC lysates. We found that aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1)-positive CCSCs were abundant in samples from patient tumor tissues and cancer cell lines. Moreover, PD-L1 was highly expressed in ALDH1-positive CCSCs compared with that in non-CCSCs. Monotherapy with PD-L1-CAR-T cells or CCSC-DC vaccine only elicited moderate tumor remission both in vitro and in vivo. However, combination therapy markedly killed cancer cells and relieved the tumor burden in mice. Our findings may provide a novel strategy for the clinical treatment of colorectal malignancy.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126088, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624469

RESUMO

Ionic liquids (ILs) pretreatment has been regarded as a promising green way to treat lignocellulosic biomass. 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim]BF4), 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Amim]Cl), and 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Hydrogen Sulfate ([Bmim]HSO4) with different loadings (2, 4, 8, and 16 g/L) were adopted to pretreat the Arundo donax L.. 16 g/L [Bmim]HSO4 pretreated Arundo donax L. obtained the highest sugar yield of 7.9 g/L during the enzymatic hydrolysis and hydrogen yield of 106.1 mL/g TS during the photo-fermentation, which were 68.8 % and 35.3 % higher than those of untreated Arundo donax L., respectively. Moreover, volatile fatty acids (VFAs) distribution revealed that acetic acid was the main by-product during hydrogen production process with ILs pretreated Arundo donax L.. Besides, the relationship between sugar yield and hydrogen yield was the closest based on scatter matrix analysis. This study helps to understand of correlation between ILs pretreatment with the behavior of bioenergy production.

14.
Meat Sci ; 184: 108690, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656007

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different cooking time (2, 4, and 6 h) and temperature (50, 60, 70, 80, and 90 °C) on physical, textual, and structural properties of longissimus lumborum muscle of yak, and to explore the thermal denaturation process of intramuscular collagen by using a new tool (collagen hybridizing peptide staining, CHP staining). The results showed that tenderness was affected by the interaction of cooking time and temperature and the changes in moisture and collagen composition. In comparison with cooking time, temperature had more obvious effects on cooking loss, moisture content and redness. Scanning electron microscopy showed that as the temperature increased, intramuscular connective tissue gradually degraded, and muscle fibers became more compact. CHP staining showed that the collagen in the perimysium first denatured at 50 °C, and more and more collagen denatured and degraded as the temperature increased.

15.
ACS Omega ; 6(41): 27150-27157, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693135

RESUMO

To study the influence of different volatile contents on the explosion characteristics of coal dust, the volatile content in coal dust was controlled under different final temperatures of pyrolysis. The maximum explosion pressure, maximum pressure rising rate, and explosion index were used to characterize the pressure behavior, the pressure ratio to characterize the explosibility, and the minimum ignition temperature of the coal dust cloud to characterize the sensitive characteristics. A 20 L of nearly spherical coal dust explosion parameter measuring device and a dust cloud minimum ignition temperature measuring device were used to study the influence of the explosion characteristics of dust with different volatile contents prepared under different pyrolysis temperature conditions. The results showed that the volatile matter content in lignite dust has little effect on the maximum explosion pressure, with an average change rate of 5.435%. When the volatile content was reduced from 45.4 to 2.45%, the maximum explosion pressure rise rate dropped by 65.976%. The explosion index of the experimental sample was in the range of 0-1.6, with weak explosion characteristics; the lower the volatile content, the weaker the explosion intensity. When the volatile content was only 2.45%, the pressure ratio was still greater than 2, that is, the dust was still explosive. When the volatile content in lignite was reduced from 45.4 to 18.21%, the lowest ignition temperature of the dust cloud was consistently 490 °C. At this stage, the contents of H2, CO, CH4, CO2, and other precipitated dases were low. When the volatile content was reduced from 18.21 to 2.45%, the precipitated volatile gas increased rapidly, the remaining precipitated gas content decreased, and the dust could not be easily ignited. The experimental results lay the foundation for studying the influence mechanism of volatile matter in coal dust on the explosion characteristics.

16.
SN Soc Sci ; 1(1): 40, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693305

RESUMO

Collaborative work is a critical component of active learning. Where in-person collaboration may not be possible, inclusion of online collaboration tools has become more prevalent. Previous studies have suggested that online collaboration is beneficial to overall learning outcomes; however, little research has investigated how differences in personality traits, such as extraversion and agreeableness, impact the benefits and effectiveness of collaborative learning, both through online (synchronous and asynchronous) and in-person platforms. In the present study, 360 (66.4% female) undergraduate students completed an online survey to assess perceptions of and beliefs about online synchronous, online asynchronous, and in-person collaboration in higher education with a focus on the impact of extraversion and agreeableness. Findings indicated that students had more experience and greater preference for online synchronous collaboration compared to online asynchronous collaboration; however, students believed that in-person collaboration was most effective. Both extraversion and agreeableness predicted positive beliefs about group work in both online and in-person settings but not uniformly. These findings support the use of online synchronous collaboration when in-person opportunities are limited; however, individual differences related to personality traits can differentially impact students' perceptions toward and actions within collaboration contexts.

17.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4085-4090, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675553

RESUMO

Background: Uncomplicated skin abscesses are collections of pus within the skin structure and are usually caused by bacterial infections. Clinically, they are quite common and inevitably affect people of any age. The current management strategies comprise prompt initiation of antibiotics and incision and drainage. However, pain and the long healing process of skin lesions can cause distress to a lot of patients. Fire needling is a characteristic treatment in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and has proven effective in treating skin abscesses. Moreover, fire needle therapy has a more desirable cosmetic outcome in contrast to surgical debridement. The purpose of the study is to demonstrate the rapid, effective, minimally invasive, and better cosmetic outcomes of fire needles in the treatment of uncomplicated skin abscesses. Methods: A total of 10 patients, aged between 1 and 45 years, with skin abscesses, were recruited. All patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria with lesions less than 4 cm in diameter were topically treated with mupirocin ointment twice a day after fire needle therapy. If the lesion was still purulent after 2 days, it was treated again with fire needle therapy. The efficacy was assessed by a 4-grade scale at 2 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 12 weeks post-fire needling. Results: Lesions with a diameter of less than 2 cm achieved significant remission (SR) or partial remission (PR), after 2 days post-treatment and reached complete remission (CR) or significant remission (SR) after 1 week following treatment. Meanwhile, lesions with a diameter of 2-4 cm achieved PR after 2 days and were assessed as CR or SR 1 week after post-fire needle therapy. None of the patients had a recurrence within 12 weeks after treatment. Conclusion: Fire needle therapy is a promising treatment method for uncomplicated skin abscesses smaller than 4 cm, which warrants further in-depth and more large-scale studies.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687882

RESUMO

Bathymodiolinae mussels are dominant species in cold seeps and hydrothermal vents and could harbor endosymbionts in gill bacteriocytes. However, mechanisms underlying the symbiosis have remained largely undisclosed for years. In the present study, the global expression pattern of immune-related genes and miRNAs were surveyed in Gigantidas platifrons during bacterial challenges using enriched symbiotic methane oxidation bacteria MOBs or nonsymbiotic Vibrio. As a result, multiple pattern recognition receptors were found differentially expressed at 12 h and 24 h post bacteria challenges and distinctly clustered between stimulations. Dozens of immune effectors along with signal transducers were also modulated simultaneously during MOB or Vibrio challenge. A total of 459 miRNAs were identified in the gill while some were differentially expressed post MOB or nonsymbiotic bacteria challenge. A variety of immune-related genes were annotated as target genes of aforesaid differentially expressed miRNAs. As a result, biological processes including the immune recognition, lysosome activity and bacteria engulfment were suggested to be dynamically modulated by miRNAs in either symbiotic or nonsymbiotic bacteria challenge. It was suggested that G. platifrons mussels could maintain a robust immune response against invading pathogens while establishing symbiosis with chemosynthetic bacteria with the orchestra of immune-related genes and miRNAs.

19.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599689

RESUMO

Determining the source of primary cells is conductive to enriching sufficient cells with immortal potential thereby improving the success rate of establishing cell lines. However, most of the existing insect cell lines are established by mixing and fragmentation of explants. At present, the origin of cell lines can only be determined according to the cultured tissues, so it is impossible to determine which cell types they come from. In this study, a new cell line designated IOZCAS-Myse-1 was generated from pupal ovaries of the migratory pest Mythimna separata by explant tissues to derive adherent cultures. This paper mainly shows the further descriptive information on the origin of primary cells in the process of ovarian tissue isolation and culture. Phospho-histone H3 antibody-labeled cells with mitotic activity showed that the rapidly developing somatic cells in vivo gradually stopped proliferation when cultured ex vivo. The primary cells dissociated outside the tissue originated from the lumen cells, rather than the germ cells or the follicular epithelium cells. The results suggest that the newly established cell line IOZCAS-Myse-1 had two possible sources. One is the mutation of lumen cells in the vitellarium, and the other is the stem cells with differentiation potential in the germarium of the ovarioles. Moreover, the newly established cell line is sensitive to the infection of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus, responds to 20-hydroxyecdysone and has weak encapsulation ability. Therefore, the new cell line can be a useful platform for replication of viral insecticides, screening of hormone-based insecticides and immunology research.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 673073, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485275

RESUMO

Meiosis, an essential step in gametogenesis, is the key event in sexually reproducing organisms. Thousands of genes have been reported to be involved in meiosis. Therefore, a specialist database is much needed for scientists to know about the function of these genes quickly and to search for genes with potential roles in meiosis. Here, we developed "MeiosisOnline," a publicly accessible, comprehensive database of known functional genes and potential candidates in meiosis (https://mcg.ustc.edu.cn/bsc/meiosis/index.html). A total of 2,052 meiotic genes were manually curated from literature resource and were classified into different categories. Annotation information was provided for both meiotic genes and predicted candidates, including basic information, function, protein-protein interaction (PPI), and expression data. On the other hand, 165 mouse genes were predicted as potential candidates in meiosis using the "Greed AUC Stepwise" algorithm. Thus, MeiosisOnline provides the most updated and detailed information of experimental verified and predicted genes in meiosis. Furthermore, the searching tools and friendly interface of MeiosisOnline will greatly help researchers in studying meiosis in an easy and efficient way.

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