Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 161
Filtrar
1.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904151

RESUMO

Although many methods and new therapeutic drugs have been developed, the overall survival rate and long-term survival rate of patients with gastric cancer (GC) are still not satisfactory. In this study, we investigated the effects of microRNA miR-133a-3p and transcription factor FOXP3 on proliferation and autophagy of GC cells and their interactions. Our results showed that knockdown of FOXP3 increased the proliferation and autophagy of GC cells. The relationship between FOXP3 and autophagy has not been reported previously. In addition, FOXP3 could directly bind the promoter region of TP53 and inhibit its expression. miR-133a-3p increased the proliferation and autophagy via decreasing the protein level of FOXP3 by targeting its 3'-UTR. Our research provides new insights into the development of GC and provides new ideas and theoretical basis for the clinical treatment of GC and the development of new drug targets.

2.
Anal Chem ; 92(1): 1582-1588, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815436

RESUMO

Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) have drawn increasing interest in the biopharmaceutical industry due to their advantage to bind two distinct antigens simultaneously. The knob-into-hole approach is an effective way to produce bispecific antibodies by driving heterodimerization with mutations in the CH3 domain of each half antibody. To better understand the conformational impact by the knob and hole mutations, we combined size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (H/D exchange MS), to characterize the global and peptide-level conformational changes. We found no significant alteration in structure or conformational dynamics induced by the knob-into-hole framework, and the conformational stability is similar to the wild-type (WT) IgG4 molecules (except for some small difference in the CH3 domain) expressed in E. coli. Functional studies including antigen-binding and neonatal fragment crystallizable (Fc) receptor (FcRn) binding demonstrated no difference between the knob-into-hole and WT IgG4 molecules in E. coli.

3.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809578

RESUMO

Two new heptaketides, pleosporalins H and I (1 and 2), as well as seven biosynthetically related known polyketides (3-9) were isolated from the endophytic fungus, Pleosporales sp. F46 by employing the one strain-many compounds (OSMAC) approach. The planar, relative and absolute structures of these compounds were identified by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRMS, NMR, optical rotations and ECD calculations. The cytotoxic efficiencies of all isolated compounds 1-9 were evaluated against four cancer cell lines A549, CT-26, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231.

4.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 9765276, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827501

RESUMO

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD), also called auditory neuropathy (AN), is a unique type of prelingual hearing impairment. Up to 10% of deaf infants and children are affected by this disease. Mutation of the OTOF gene which encodes otoferlin is the common cause of congenital nonsyndromic ANSD. To date, over 110 mutations have been identified in the OTOF gene according to the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD). Here, next-generation sequencing (NGS) revealed that the compound heterozygous mutations c.4748G>A/c.2523+1G>T and c.5248G>C/c.5098G>C of the OTOF gene were present in two Chinese ANSD patients. Each patient had a known pathogenic mutation (c.4748G>A or c.5098G>C) and a novel mutation (c.2523+1G>T or c.5248G>C). Comparative amino acid sequence analysis across different species revealed that the residues at these novel mutation sites are evolutionarily highly conservative. This indicated that the novel mutations were possible causes of the disorder in the patients. Our findings extend the OTOF mutation spectrum and further confirm the role of the OTOF gene in ANSD.

5.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(9): 689-694, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645854

RESUMO

Background: Anemia is a common comorbidity of patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA). This study evaluated the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and treatment in Chinese TA patients with anemia. Methods: This retrospective study included 533 consecutive patients hospitalized for TA from January 2009 to April 2018. Anemia was diagnosed on the basis of hemoglobin level, according to World Health Organization criteria. Results: A total of 194 patients (36.4%) were diagnosed with anemia. Most had mild anemia (177, 91.2%). Female patients were predominant (92.8% of anemic patients). Normocytic anemia (62.9%) was the most common pattern. Anemic patients were more likely than non-anemic patients to have dizziness (29.4% vs. 21.2%), low body mass index (22.0 ± 3.6 vs. 22.9 ± 3.4 kg/m2), and active disease stage (64.9% vs. 50.1%); pulmonary involvement (12.4% vs. 26.8%), pulmonary hypertension (12.9% vs. 20.1%) and pulmonary hypertensive-target drugs (2.8% vs. 11.6%) were less common among anemic than non-anemic patients (all P < 0.05). Larger left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and lower left ventricular ejection fraction were observed in anemic patients. Over a median follow-up of four months, the increase of hemoglobin in anemic patients was associated with the use of iron supplementation. Conclusions: Anemia is a very common concurrent condition in TA, especially in young, female patients. Patients with anemia are more likely to be in the active disease stage. Iron supplementation helps increase hemoglobin.

6.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 16(8): 648-655, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555333

RESUMO

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) infection has been reported to have a possible relationship with the occurrence and clinical course of Takayasu arteritis (TA). We aimed to describe the characteristics of TB in a large population of TA patients. Methods: We included a total of 1105 patients with TA, who were hospitalized between January 1992 and December 2017. Comparisons of clinical features were made according to the presence of TB. Results: Among the 1105 patients, 109 (9.9%) had TB, including 53 patients (48.6%) diagnosed with TB before the onset of TA, 23 (21.1%) with a concurrent diagnosis of TB and TA, and 24 patients (22.0%) who developed TB after TA. Pulmonary TB was the most frequently identified (97 patients, 89.0%). Patients with TB had more frequent involvement of the pulmonary artery and experienced more chest discomfort and constitutional symptoms but had less interventional treatment. Demographic characteristics, comorbid diseases, and use of steroids were similar between patients with and without TB. Conclusions: The proportion of Chinese TA patients with TB was not low, and about half of the patients had TB before TA. Pulmonary TB was the most common. Pulmonary artery involvement and pulmonary hypertension was more frequent in TA patients with TB.

7.
Am J Hypertens ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and brachydactyly syndrome (HTNB), also called Bilginturan syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by severe salt-independent hypertension, a short stature, brachydactyly, and death from stroke before the age of 50 years when untreated. The purpose of the current study was to identify a PDE3A mutation leading to HTNB associated with vertebral artery malformation in a Chinese family. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from all subjects for DNA extraction. Next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed to identify the PDE3A mutation. A comparative overview was performed in the probands with HTNB caused by PDE3A mutations. RESULTS: Genetic analysis identified a missense mutation in PDE3A, c.1346G>A, in the proband with HTNB. This mutation, resulting in p.Gly449Asp, was located in a highly conserved domain and predicted to be damaging by different bioinformatics tools. Co-segregation analyses showed that the proband inherited the identified mutation from her father. Antihypertensive therapy was effective for the proband. Comparative overview of HTNB probands with nine different PDE3A mutations revealed phenotypic heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic screening can significantly improve the diagnosis of HTNB patients at an early age. Our study not only adds to the spectrum of PDE3A mutations in the Chinese population and extends the phenotype of HTNB patients to include vertebral malformation but also improves the awareness of pathogenesis in HTNB patients. We emphasize the importance of antihypertensive treatment and long term follow-up to prevent stroke and adverse cardiovascular events.

8.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488861

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is mainly treated by mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists or laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA), but the effectiveness of surgical versus medical treatment in patients with adrenal venous sampling (AVS)-proven unilateral PA is unclear. Fifty-one consecutive patients with AVS-proven PA were enrolled. We compared the therapeutic effects between the surgery group (n = 21) and medication group (n = 30) by evaluating the complete control rate (CCR) of hypertension, blood pressure (BP), and number of antihypertensive drugs after a long-term follow-up (>12 months). The CCR of hypertension was assessed using a multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression model. After a mean follow-up of 21.18 ± 5.35 months, the CCR was significantly higher in the surgery than medication group (85.7% vs. 13.3%, respectively; p < 0.001). Before adjustment for covariates, the CCR of hypertension in patients who underwent LA was 7.75 times higher than that in patients who underwent medical treatment (95% CI, 2.33-25.78; p = 0.001); significant results were also shown in the adjusted models. Systolic and diastolic BP were also lower in the surgery than medication group (120.3 ± 12.99 vs. 133.54 ± 16.60 and 79.00 ± 7.62 vs. 87.35 ± 12.36 mmHg, respectively; p = 0.01 for both), as was the number of antihypertensive drugs (0.19 ± 0.51 vs. 2.33 ± 0.78, respectively; p < 0.001). The rate of hypokalemia was not significantly different between the two groups (0.0% vs. 13.3%, respectively; p = 0.13). In conclusion, AVS plays an essential role in the subtype diagnosis of PA, and surgical candidates with AVS-proven unilateral PA should be highly suggested to undergo LA.

9.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 506-511, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484613

RESUMO

To investigate the expressions of mucosal barrier proteins in colon cell line DLD-1 under hypoxic environment in vitro and its mechanism. Methods After DLD-1 cells were treated separately with hypoxia(l% O2),vitamin D(100 nmol/L),or vitamin D plus hypoxia for 48 hours,the expressions of vitamin D receptor(VDR),tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1(ZO-1),occludin,Claudin-1,and adherent junction protein(E-cadherin)were determined by Western blot.Stable VDR knock-down(Sh-VDR)DLD-1 cell line and control DLD-1 cell line were established by lentivirus package technology and the protein expressions after hypoxia treatment were detected. Results Compared with control group,the expressions of occludin,Claudin-1,and VDR increased significantly after hypoxia treatment(all P<0.001).In addition to the protein expressions of occludin,Claudin-1 and VDR,the expressions of ZO-1 and E-cadherin were also obviously higher in vitamin D plus hypoxia group than in single vitamin D treatment group(all P<0.001).After hypoxia treatment,Sh-VDR cell line showed significantly decreased expressions of ZO-1(P<0.001),occludin(P<0.05),Claudin-1(P<0.01)and E-cadherin(P<0.001)when compared with untreated Sh-VDR cell line. Conclusion VDR acts as a regulator for the expressions of intestinal mucosal barrier proteins under hypoxia environment in DLD-1 colon cell line,indicating that VDR pathway may be another important protective mechanism for gut barrier in low-oxygen environment.


Assuntos
Colo/citologia , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular , Claudina-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Ocludina/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas , Vitamina D/farmacologia , Proteína da Zônula de Oclusão-1/metabolismo
10.
Cell Commun Signal ; 17(1): 93, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide which is closely related to metastasis. But the exact molecular mechanism of ERα-36 and STAT3 on metastasis is still not fully understood. METHODS: MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines and MCF-10A were overexpressioned or knockdown ERα-36 and STAT3 and tested for migration, invasion and proliferation assays. Direct interaction of STAT3 and ERα-36 were analyzed by coimmunoprecipitation assays. The effect of STAT3 and ERα-36 on MMP2/9 expression was analyzed by qPCR and western blotting. STAT3 phospholyation and acetylation by ERα-36 and p300 were observed and quantified by coimmunoprecipitation assays and western blotting. RESULTS: Cross-talk between ERα-36 and STAT3 was demonstrated to mediate through a direct physical association between the two proteins. Furthermore, the interaction between ERα-36 and STAT3 was demonstrated to give rise to functional changes in their signaling events. Both MMP2 and MMP9 expression require the binding of the newly identified protein complex, ERα-36-STAT3, to its promoter, the second phase, which is more robust, depends on ERα-mediated recruitment of p300 onto the complex and the subsequent acetylation of STAT3. In addition, STAT3 is tyrosine-phosphorylated in a biphasic manner, and the late phase requires ERα-36-mediated p300-dependent acetylation. Furthermore, interference with acetylation of STAT3 by overexpression of acetylation null STAT3 mutant led to the loss of MMP2 and MMP9 expression. ChIP analysis and reporter gene assays revealed that ERα-36-STAT3 complex binding to the MMP2 and MMP9 promoter led to an enhanceosome formation and facilitated MMP2 and MMP9 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrate for the first time that the function of MMP2 and MMP9 in breast cancer cell migration, which is mediated by interactions between ERα-36 and STAT3.

12.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 44(5): 942-949, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Liddle syndrome (LS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in genes coding for epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) subunits. The aim of this study was to identify the mutation responsible for the LS in an extended Chinese family. METHODS: DNA samples from the proband with early-onset, treatment-resistant hypertension, and hypokalemia and 19 additional relatives were all sequenced for mutations in exon 13 of the ß-ENaC and γ-ENaC genes, using amplification by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing. RESULTS: Genetic testing of exon 13 of SCNN1B revealed duplication of guanine into a string of 3 guanines located at codon 602. This frameshift mutation is predicted to generate a premature stop codon at position 607, resulting in truncated ß-ENaC lacking the remaining 34 amino acids, including the crucial PY motif. Among a total of 9 participants with the identical mutation, different phenotypes were identified. Tailored treatment with amiloride was safe and effective in alleviating disease symptoms in LS. No mutation of SCNN1G was identified in any of the examined participants. CONCLUSIONS: We report here a family affected by LS harboring a frameshift mutation (c.1806dupG) with a premature stop codon deleting the PY motif of ß-ENaC. Our study demonstrates that the earlier LS patients are diagnosed by genetic testing and treated with tailored medication, the greater the likelihood of preventing or minimizing complications in the vasculature and target organs.

13.
Mar Drugs ; 17(7)2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248044

RESUMO

Two new dimeric 1,4-benzoquinone derivatives, peniquinone A (1) and peniquinone B (2), a new dibenzofuran penizofuran A (3), and a new pyrazinoquinazoline derivative quinadoline D (4), together with 13 known compounds (5-17), were isolated from a marine-derived fungus Penicillium sp. L129. Their structures, including absolute configurations, were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data and electronic circular dichroism calculations. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity against the MCF-7, U87 and PC3 cell lines with IC50 values of 12.39 µM, 9.01 µM and 14.59 µM, respectively, while compound 2 displayed relatively weak cytotoxicity activities against MCF-7, U87 and PC3 cell lines with IC50 values of 25.32 µM, 13.45 µM and 19.93 µM, respectively. Furthermore, compound 2 showed weak quorum sensing inhibitory activity against Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 with an MIC value of 20 µg/well.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Organismos Aquáticos/química , Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Penicillium/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Benzoquinonas/química , Benzoquinonas/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Chromobacterium/efeitos dos fármacos , Chromobacterium/fisiologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Percepção de Quorum/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Anal Chem ; 91(11): 7336-7345, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045344

RESUMO

Hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) is an established, powerful tool for investigating protein-ligand interactions, protein folding, and protein dynamics. However, HDX-MS is still an emergent tool for quality control of biopharmaceuticals and for establishing dynamic similarity between a biosimilar and an innovator therapeutic. Because industry will conduct quality control and similarity measurements over a product lifetime and in multiple locations, an understanding of HDX-MS reproducibility is critical. To determine the reproducibility of continuous-labeling, bottom-up HDX-MS measurements, the present interlaboratory comparison project evaluated deuterium uptake data from the Fab fragment of NISTmAb reference material (PDB: 5K8A ) from 15 laboratories. Laboratories reported ∼89 800 centroid measurements for 430 proteolytic peptide sequences of the Fab fragment (∼78 900 centroids), giving ∼100% coverage, and ∼10 900 centroid measurements for 77 peptide sequences of the Fc fragment. Nearly half of peptide sequences are unique to the reporting laboratory, and only two sequences are reported by all laboratories. The majority of the laboratories (87%) exhibited centroid mass laboratory repeatability precisions of ⟨ sLab⟩ ≤ (0.15 ± 0.01) Da (1σx̅). All laboratories achieved ⟨sLab⟩ ≤ 0.4 Da. For immersions of protein at THDX = (3.6 to 25) °C and for D2O exchange times of tHDX = (30 s to 4 h) the reproducibility of back-exchange corrected, deuterium uptake measurements for the 15 laboratories is σreproducibility15 Laboratories( tHDX) = (9.0 ± 0.9) % (1σ). A nine laboratory cohort that immersed samples at THDX = 25 °C exhibited reproducibility of σreproducibility25C cohort( tHDX) = (6.5 ± 0.6) % for back-exchange corrected, deuterium uptake measurements.

15.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 864-871, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142691

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant cancers in the world. Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) is a second- or third-line therapy for mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It usually becomes drug resistance after a period of treatment. Triptolide (TPL) is an epoxy diterpenoid lactone compound extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii HOOK. F. and many studies demonstrated that TPL has a synergistic effect when combined with chemotherapy drugs. In this research, we plan to evaluate the combined effect of TPL and EGFR-TKIs (Gefitinib, Erlotinib, and Icotinib) and investigate the possible mechanisms. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was conducted to detect the cell viabilities, combined effect was evaluated by Combination Index. Molecular docking study was used to predict the binding ability of TPL. The expression of proteins was detected by Western blot. MTT results showed TPL had synergistic effect with three EGFR-TKIs at different concentrations on H1975 cells but not on H1299 cells. Molecular docking study demonstrated that TPL with T790M/L858R EGFR can form a more stable compound than that with wild type EGFR. Western blot results showed TPL inhibited the EGFR/Akt pathway and increased the expression of Bax and the ratio of Bax and Bcl-2 in H1975 cells. In conclusion, TPL had synergistic effect with three EGFR-TKIs on H1975 cells but not on H1299 cells, which may be due to the binding ability of TPL and different-type EGFR. The synergistic effect of TPL on H1975 cells may be partly related to the inhibition of the EGFR/Akt pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/síntese química , Diterpenos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Compostos de Epóxi/síntese química , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Fenantrenos/síntese química , Fenantrenos/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Complement Ther Med ; 44: 32-43, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects and associated risks of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). METHODS: We systematically searched seven electronic databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about Chinese herbal medicines for treating diabetic foot ulcers. The methodological quality of RCTs was assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Data was synthesized using review manager (RevMan) 5.3. Meta-analysis was conducted if the data were available. A summary of finding table was generated by The GRADEpro Guideline Development Tool (GDT) online. RESULTS: Forty-nine RCTs, all conducted in China, involving 3646 participants were included. Most of the included trials had unclear or high risk of bias. Twenty-six trials could be pooled in five Meta-analyses, the remaining trials could not be pooled due to the obvious clinical heterogeneity. Only low evidence showed CHM therapy may have 42%-60.4% participants healed completely after treatment, approximately twice (RR 1.42-1.76) as much as the healed rates in conventional therapy (or plus hot water foot bath) group. Majority of the included trials reported benefit of CHM group on shortening healing time (4-23 days) and reducing ulcer wound size (at least 2 cm2). No serious adverse events were reported related to the medication in all trials. CONCLUSION: Weak evidence showed benefit of CHM as add-on treatment of conventional therapy on increasing number of ulcer heals in patients with DFU. That's about twice the healing rate of the conventional treatment (or plus hot water foot bath) group. With insufficient information, we could not draw confirmative conclusion on safety of CHM administration. These findings need to be tested in further large, rigorous trials.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Úlcera/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , China , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(7): 4666-4678, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033175

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese herb Lonicerae Japonicae Flos has shown significant clinical benefits in the treatment of heart failure, but the mechanism remains unclear. As the main active ingredient found in the plasma after oral administration of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, chlorogenic acid (CGA) has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-apoptosis function. We firstly confirmed the cardioprotective effects of CGA in transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced heart failure mouse model, through mitigating the TNF-α-induced toxicity. We further used TNF-α-induced cardiac injury in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. CGA pre-treatment could reverse TNF-α-induced cellular injuries, including improved cell viability, increased mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibited cardiomyocytes apoptosis. We then examined the NF-κB/p65 and major mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signalling pathways involved in TNF-α-induced apoptosis of hiPSC-CMs. Importantly, CGA can directly inhibit NF-κB signal by suppressing the phosphorylation of NF-κB/p65. As for the MAPKs, CGA suppressed the activity of only c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), but enhanced extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) and had no effect on p38. In summary, our study revealed that CGA has profound cardioprotective effects through inhibiting the activation of NF-κB and JNK pathway, providing a novel therapeutic alternative for prevention and treatment of heart failure.

18.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(8): 752-758, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30977777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liddle syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by single-gene mutations of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). It is characterized by early-onset hypertension, spontaneous hypokalemia and low plasma renin and aldosterone concentrations. In this study, we reported an LS pedigree with normokalemia resulting from a novel SCNN1G frameshift mutation. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and eight family members for DNA extraction. Next-generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were performed to identify the SCNN1G mutation. Clinical examinations were used to comprehensively evaluate the phenotypes of two patients. RESULTS: Genetic analysis identified a novel SCNN1G frameshift mutation, p.Arg586Valfs*598, in the proband with LS. This heterozygous frameshift mutation generated a premature stop codon and deleted the vital PY motif of ENaC. The same mutation was present in his elder brother with LS, and his mother without any LS symptoms. Biochemical examination showed normokalemia in the three mutation carriers. The mutation identified was not found in any other family members, 100 hypertensives, or 100 healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified a novel SCNN1G frameshift mutation in a Chinese family with LS, expanding the genetic spectrum of SCNN1G. Genetic testing helped us identify LS with a pathogenic mutation when the genotypes and phenotype were not completely consistent because of the hypokalemia. This case emphasizes that once a proband is diagnosed with LS by genetic testing, family genetic sequencing is necessary for early diagnosis and intervention for other family members, to protect against severe cardiovascular complications.

19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(1): 57-62, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837043

RESUMO

Objective To explore the pharmacokinetics of nimodipine in plasma of rats after intraocular administration.Methods Totally 135 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups according to drug administration routes:intraocular(io group),intravenous (iv group),and intragastric (ig group). The doses were 5.0 mg/kg for IO and IV groups and 10.0 mg/kg for IG group. The serum nimodipine level was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. The main pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and compared.Results The pharmacokinetic parameters in io group were as follows:Cmax:0.52 mg/ml;tmax:5.0 min;and AUC0-t:21.10 mg/(ml·min). The main pharmacokinetic parameters in iv group were as follows:Cmax:3.62 mg/ml;and AUC0-t:52.58 mg/(ml·min). The main pharmacokinetic parameters in ig group were as follows:Cmax:0.20 mg/ml;tmax:5.0 min;and AUC0-t:5.98 mg/(ml·min).Conclusions Nimodipine is rapidly absorbed after io administration,and the ophthalmic formulation has a higher bioavailability than the oral solution. Therefore,the io route may help to improve the treatment effectiveness of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Nimodipina/farmacocinética , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Animais , Área Sob a Curva , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(1): 209-216, 2019 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907542

RESUMO

We aimed to explore changes in basic soil productivity (BSP) under different fertilization regimes in the Poyang Lake region, Jiangxi Province, China. Soil samples were collected from a long-term fertilization experiment (since 1981) that included treatments of no fertilization (CK), chemical fertilization (NPK), and combined chemical and organic fertilization (NPKM). Then, a three-year pot experiment (from 2012 to 2014) with double rice cropping was conducted with two different fertilization regimes (no fertilization, F0; fertilization, F1) using CK, NPK and NPKM soils. Grain yield and BSP were analyzed among soils with different fertilization regimes to identify the key factors driving changes in BSP. Results showed that grain yields in NPKM soil were higher than in NPK and CK soils regardless of fertilization in the pot experiment. Under the F0 condition, annual grain yields of NPKM soil were 37.7%-143.9% and 20.8%-66.7% higher than CK and NPK soils, respectively. The BSP values of CK, NPK and NPKM soils in three years were 41.8%-53.1%, 45.2%-62.6% and 59.1%-88.1%, respectively. NPKM soil had significantly higher BSP than NPK and CK soils. Furthermore, there were significant positive correlations between soil organic matter and BSP as well as between organic carbon balance and BSP. These results suggested that long-term application of chemical and organic fertilizers could improve BSP in the double rice cropping system of the Poyang Lake region. In addition, soil organic matter and organic carbon balance are important factors for improving BSP in this region.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Fertilizantes , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo/química , China , Lagos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA