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1.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver fibrosis score (LFS) has been used for predicting the cardiovascular outcomes (CVOs) in diverse populations. However, the association of LFS with CVOs in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains undetermined. We aimed to examine the prognostic value of LFS in patients with prior MI in a prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 3718 patients with previous MI were consecutively enrolled from March 2009 to January 2019. Five LFSs including the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score, non-alcohol fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were used. The CVOs covered major adverse cardiac event (MACEs), cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 47.4 ± 24.8 months, 431 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that higher LFSs resulted in a significantly higher probability of CVOs. Compared to the lowest score group, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the highest group of FIB-4, NFS, Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were 1.75 (1.32-2.33), 2.37 (1.70-3.33), 2.44 (1.61-3.73), 1.58 (1.16-2.14) and 1.27 (1.03-1.57) respectively. These LFSs were also independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Similar results were observed across subgroups analysis. The addition of LFSs to a prediction model significantly increased the C-statistic for CVOs. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly demonstrated that LFS could be used as a risk stratification tool for predicting CVOs in patients with previous MI, which should be evaluated further.

2.
Coron Artery Dis ; 32(1): 78-83, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been emerged as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), but there is currently insufficient data on the relationship between Lp(a) and premature CAD (PCAD). Thus, this study aimed to examine the association between Lp(a) and PCAD in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data on 2433 individuals (male <55 years old and female <65 years old) who underwent coronary angiography from March 2016 to February 2019 were included in this study and were divided into the PCAD group (n = 1751) and non-CAD group (n = 682) according to the angiography results. Their clinical and laboratory parameters were collected, and plasma Lp(a) level was measured by immunoturbidimetry. The severity of CAD was evaluated using Gensini score (GS) and divided into three subgroups. The relationship between plasma Lp(a) levels and the presence and severity of PCAD was analyzed. RESULTS: The level of plasma Lp(a) in the PCAD group was significantly higher than that in the non-CAD group (P < 0.001). The plasma Lp(a) concentration in the highest GS group was significantly higher than that in the lowest GS group (P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were independently associated with PCAD (odds ratio = 2.91, P < 0.001). Moreover, elevated plasma Lp(a) levels correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, Lp(a) concentration was associated with the presence and severity of PCAD, suggesting that Lp(a) may be a marker or target for patients with PCAD.

3.
Thromb Haemost ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339063

RESUMO

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been documented to be associated with atherothrombotic diseases. However, the prognostic impact of Lp(a) on long-term clinical outcomes among patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains unclear. In this prospective cohort study, we consecutively enrolled 3,864 post-MI patients to assess the cardiovascular events (CVEs), including MI, ischemic stroke, and cardiac mortality. Lp(a) levels were determined using an immunoturbidimetry assay and the participants were categorized according to Lp(a) quartiles. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 4.1 years, 331 (8.6%) CVEs were identified. Lp(a) was significantly higher in patients with CVEs (25.17 [11.13-47.83] vs. 18.18 [7.90-40.30] mg/dL, p = 0.001). The cumulative rates of CVEs and cardiac mortality were significantly higher in patients with high Lp(a) levels (both log-rank p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed a significant correlation between Lp (a) levels treated as a natural logarithm-transformed continuous variable and increased CVEs (adjusted HR:1.22, 95% CI:1.09-1.35, p = 0.001) or cardiac mortality (HR:1.30, 95% CI:1.14-1.48, p < 0.001). The addition of Lp(a) to a prognostic model revealed a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. In conclusion, elevated levels of Lp(a) were indeed associated with long-term worse outcomes in patients with prior MI, suggesting a novel hint that the measurement of Lp(a) might help in risk stratification and future management in those high-risk individuals.

4.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that small dense LDL-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) is related to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its prognostic role in hypertensive patients with CAD has been undetermined. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and clinical outcome in patients with CAD. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven CAD were consecutively enrolled and categorized into subgroups according to blood pressure status. Serum sdLDL-C levels were measured by direct quantitative measurement using automated chemistry analyzers. The severity of coronary artery lesions were determined by Gensini score, Syntax score and the number of lesion vessels. The associations of sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and cardiovascular events (CVEs) were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than ones without (P = 0.010). In hypertensive patients, sdLDL-C was positively associated with the severity of CAD (P < 0.05). In addition, hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than those with well controlled (P < 0.05). Moreover, 149 CVEs occurred in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and Cox regression analysis indicated that elevated sdLDL-C levels were independently associated with CVEs in hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.673, 95% confidence interval: 1.105-2.535, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The current data, for the first time, showed that serum sdLDL-C levels were correlated with hypertension control, disease severity and worse outcomes in hypertensive patients with CAD, suggesting that paying more attention on sdLDL-C in these patients were warranted.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 870, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067426

RESUMO

Recent studies have demonstrated that gastric cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a rare sub-group of gastric cancer (GC) cells and have an important role in promoting the tumor growth and progression of GC. In the present study, we demonstrated that the glycolytic enzyme Enolase 1 (ENO1) was involved in the regulation of the stem cell-like characteristics of GC cells, as compared to the parental cell lines PAMC-82 and SNU16, the expression of ENO1 in spheroids markedly increased. We then observed that ENO1 could enhance stem cell-like characteristics, including self-renewal capacity, cell invasion and migration, chemoresistance, and even the tumorigenicity of GC cells. ENO1 is known as an enzyme that is involved in glycolysis, but our results showed that ENO1 could markedly promote the glycolytic activity of cells. Furthermore, inhibiting glycolysis activity using 2-deoxy-D-glucose treatment significantly reduced the stemness of GC cells. Therefore, ENO1 could improve the stemness of CSCs by enhancing the cells' glycolysis. Subsequently, to further confirm our results, we found that the inhibition of ENO1 using AP-III-a4 (ENOblock) could reduce the stemness of GC cells to a similar extent as the knockdown of ENO1 by shRNA. Finally, increased expression of ENO1 was related to poor prognosis in GC patients. Taken together, our results demonstrated that ENO1 is a significant biomarker associated with the stemness of GC cells.

6.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 373, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and fibrinogen (Fib) are both associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The atherogenicity of Lp(a) can be partly due to the potentially antifibrinolytic categories. We hypothesize that patients with higher Lp(a) and Fib may have worse outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 8,417 Chinese patients with stable CAD from March 2011 to March 2017. All subjects were divided into 9 groups according to Lp(a) (Lp(a)-Low, Lp(a)-Medium, Lp(a)-High) and Fib levels (Fib-Low, Fib-Medium, Fib-High) and followed up for CVEs, including nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and C-statistic analyses were performed. RESULTS: During a median of 37.1 months' follow-up, 395 (4.7%) CVEs occurred. The occurrence of CVEs increased by Lp(a) (3.5 vs. 5.3 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.001) and Fib (4.0 vs. 4.4 vs. 6.1%, p < 0.001) categories. When further classified into 9 groups by Lp(a) and Fib levels, the CVEs were highest in the 9th (Lp(a)-High and Fib-High) compared with the 1st (Lp(a)-Low and Fib-Low) group (7.2 vs. 3.3%, p < 0.001). The highest risk of subsequent CVEs was found in the 9th group (HRadjusted 2.656, 95% CI 1.628-4.333, p < 0.001), which was more significant than Lp(a)-High (HRadjusted 1.786, 95% CI 1.315-2.426, p < 0.001) or Fib-High (HRadjusted 1.558, 95% CI 1.162-2.089, p = 0.003) group. Moreover, adding the combined Lp(a) and Fib increased the C-statistic by 0.013. CONCLUSION: Combining Fib and Lp(a) enhance the prognostic value for incident CVEs beyond Lp(a) or Fib alone.

7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 152, 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines highlighted the association between atherosclerosis and triglyceride-enriched lipoproteins in patients with impaired glucose metabolism. However, evidence from prospective studies for long-term prognostic utility of low-density lipoprotein triglyceride (LDL-TG) in real-world patients with prediabetes (Pre-DM) or diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is currently not available. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of LDL-TG on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with stable CAD under different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: A total of 4381 patients with CAD were consecutively enrolled and plasma LDL-TG level was measured by an automated homogeneous assay. They were categorized according to both status of glucose metabolism [DM, Pre-DM, normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] and tertiles of LDL-TG. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. RESULTS: During a median of 5.1 (interquartile range 3.9 to 5.9) years' follow-up, 507 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Cubic spline models showed a significant association between LDL-TG and MACEs in DM and Pre-DM but not in NGR. When the combined effect of elevated LDL-TG and glucose disorders was considered for risk stratification, the medium tertile of LDL-TG plus DM, and the highest tertile of LDL-TG plus Pre-DM or plus DM subgroups were associated with significantly higher risk of MACEs after adjustment of confounders including triglyceride [hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals): 1.843 (1.149-2.955), 1.828 (1.165-2.867), 2.212 (1.396-3.507), all p < 0.05]. Moreover, adding LDL-TG into the original model increased the C-statistic from 0.687 to 0.704 (∆C-statistic = 0.016, p = 0.028) and from 0.734 to 0.749 (∆C-statistic = 0.014, p = 0.002) in Pre-DM and DM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this longitudinal cohort study on real-world practice, higher LDL-TG was associated with worse outcomes among Pre-DM and DM patients with stable CAD.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951166

RESUMO

Soil contamination caused by long-term application of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl has become an issue of increasing concern. In our previous study, strain Chenggangzhangella methanolivorans CHL1, capable of efficiently degrading sulfonylurea herbicides, was isolated. Here, the bioremediation potential of strain CHL1 was assessed for soil polluted with metsulfuron-methyl or tribenuron-methyl in a pot experiment. The growth parameters of waxy maize were measured on day 21 of the pot experiment. Additionally, the residues of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl in soils were analyzed, and the soil microbial community was investigated using a phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method on days 1, 7, 14, and 21. The results indicated that strain CHL1 greatly accelerated the degradation of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl in soils. The degradation rates in the treatments inoculated with strain CHL1were all more than 91% after 7 days, significantly higher than the 25-36% degradation measured in non-inoculated treatments. Furthermore, strain CHL1 reduced the negative effects of tribenuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl on waxy maize growth, especially the primary root length. Moreover, inoculation with strain CHL1 also reduced the effects of tribenuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl on soil microbial biomass, diversity, and community structure. The present study demonstrates that strain CHL1 has great potential application to remediate soil contaminated with metsulfuron-methyl or tribenuron-methyl.

9.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 104, 2020 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The atherogenicity of remnant cholesterol (RC) has been underlined by recent guidelines, which was linked to coronary artery disease (CAD), especially for patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This study aimed to examine the prognostic value of plasma RC in the patients with CAD under different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: Fasting plasma RC were directly calculated or measured in 4331 patients with CAD. Patients were followed for the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and categorized according to both glucose metabolism status [DM, pre-DM, normoglycemia (NG)] and RC levels. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 5.1 years, 541 (12.5%) MACEs occurred. The risk for MACEs was significantly higher in patients with elevated RC levels after adjustment for potential confounders. No significant difference in MACEs was observed between pre-DM and NG groups (p > 0.05). When stratified by combined status of glucose metabolism and RC, highest levels of calculated and measured RC were significant and independent predictors of developing MACEs in pre-DM (HR: 1.64 and 1.98; both p < 0.05) and DM (HR: 1.62 and 2.05; both p < 0.05). High RC levels were also positively associated with MACEs in patients with uncontrolled DM. . CONCLUSIONS: In this large-scale and long-term follow-up cohort study, data firstly demonstrated that higher RC levels were significantly associated with the worse prognosis in DM and pre-DM patients with CAD, suggesting that RC may be a target for patients with impaired glucose metabolism.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Remanescentes de Quilomícrons/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 111, 2020 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Merging studies have reported the association of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] with poor outcomes of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the prognostic importance of Lp(a) for recurrent cardiovascular events (CVEs) is currently undetermined in patients with T2DM and prior CVEs. METHODS: From April 2011 to March 2017, we consecutively recruited 2284 T2DM patients with prior CVEs. Patients were categorized into low, medium, and high groups by Lp(a) levels and followed up for recurrent CVEs, including nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and C-statistic analyses were performed. RESULTS: During 7613 patient-years' follow-up, 153 recurrent CVEs occurred. Lp(a) levels were significantly higher in patients with recurrent CVEs than counterparts (20.44 vs. 14.71 mg/dL, p = 0.002). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the event-free survival rate was dramatically lower in high and medium Lp(a) groups than that in low group irrespective of HBA1c status (< 7.0%; ≥ 7.0%, both p < 0.05). Furthermore, multivariate Cox regression models indicated that Lp(a) was independently associated with high risk of recurrent CVEs [HR(95% CI): 2.049 (1.308-3.212)], such data remains in different HBA1c status (HR(95% CI): < 7.0%, 2.009 (1.051-3.840); ≥ 7.0%, 2.162 (1.148-4.073)). Moreover, the results of C-statistic were significantly improved by 0.029 when added Lp(a) to the Cox model. CONCLUSIONS: Our data, for the first time, confirmed that Lp(a) was an independent predictor for recurrent CVEs in T2DM patients with prior CVEs, suggesting that Lp(a) measurement may help to further risk stratification for T2DM patients after they suffered a first CVE.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
11.
J Lipid Res ; 61(9): 1254-1262, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641433

RESUMO

TG-rich lipoprotein (TRL)-related biomarkers, including TRL-cholesterol (TRL-C), remnant-like lipoprotein particle-cholesterol (RLP-C), and apoC-III have been associated with atherosclerosis. However, their prognostic values have not been fully determined, especially in patients with previous CAD. This study aimed to examine the associations of TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III with incident cardiovascular events (CVEs) in the setting of secondary prevention of CAD. Plasma TRL-C, RLP-C, and total apoC-III were directly measured. A total of 4,355 participants with angiographically confirmed CAD were followed up for the occurrence of CVEs. During a median follow-up period of 5.1 years (interquartile range: 3.9-6.4 years), 543 (12.5%) events occurred. Patients with incident CVEs had significantly higher levels of TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III than those without events. Multivariable Cox analysis indicated that a log unit increase in TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III increased the risk of CVEs by 49% (95% CI: 1.16-1.93), 21% (95% CI: 1.09-1.35), and 40% (95% CI: 1.11-1.77), respectively. High TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III were also independent predictors of CVEs in individuals with LDL-C levels ≤1.8 mmol/l (n = 1,068). The addition of RLP-C level to a prediction model resulted in a significant increase in discrimination, and all three TRL biomarkers improved risk reclassification. Thus, TRL-C, RLP-C, and apoC-III levels were independently associated with incident CVEs in Chinese CAD patients undergoing statin therapy.

12.
Heart ; 106(16): 1228-1235, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Whether lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is a predictor for recurrent cardiovascular events (RCVEs) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been established. This study, hence, aimed to examine the potential impact of Lp(a) on RCVEs in a real-world, large cohort of patients with the first cardiovascular event (CVE). METHODS: In this multicentre, prospective study, 7562 patients with angiography-diagnosed CAD who had experienced a first CVE were consecutively enrolled. Lp(a) concentrations of all subjects were measured at admission and the participants were categorised according to Lp(a) tertiles. All patients were followed-up for the occurrence of RCVEs including cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 61.45±19.57 months, 680 (9.0%) RCVEs occurred. The results showed that events group had significantly higher Lp(a) levels than non-events group (20.58 vs 14.95 mg/dL, p<0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that Lp(a) tertile 2 (p=0.001) and tertile 3 (p<0.001) groups had significantly lower cumulative event-free survival rates compared with tertile 1 group. Moreover, multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that Lp(a) was independently associated with RCVEs risk (HR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.44 to 2.80, p<0.001). Moreover, adding Lp(a) to the SMART risk score model led to a slight but significant improvement in C-statistic (∆C-statistic: 0.018 (95% CI: 0.011 to 0.034), p=0.002), net reclassification (6.8%, 95% CI: 0.5% to 10.9%, p=0.040) and integrated discrimination (0.3%, 95% CI: 0.1% to 0.7%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating Lp(a) concentration was indeed a useful predictor for the risk of RCVEs in real-world treated patients with CAD, providing additional information concerning the future clinical application of Lp(a).

13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 45, 2020 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevation in small dense low-density lipoprotein (sdLDL) is common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), which has already been reported to be associated with incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of plasma sdLDL level in patients with stable CAD and DM. METHODS: A total of 4148 consecutive patients with stable CAD were prospectively enrolled into the study and followed up for major cardiovascular events (MACEs) up to 8.5 years. Plasma sdLDL level was measured in each patient by a direct method using automated chemistry analyzer. The patients were subsequently divided into four groups by the quartiles of sdLDL and the association of sdLDL level with MACEs in different status of glucose metabolism [DM, Pre-DM, normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 464 MACEs were documented. Both Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis indicated that the patients in quartile 4 but not quartile 2 or 3 of sdLDL level had significantly higher rate of MACEs than that in lowest quartile. When the prognostic value of high sdLDL was assessed in different glucose metabolism status, the results showed that the high sdLDL plus DM was associated with worse outcome after adjustment of confounding risk factors (hazard ratio: 1.83, 95% confident interval: 1.24-2.70, p < 0.05). However, no significant association was observed for high sdLDL plus Pre-DM or NGR. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly indicated that elevated levels of plasma sdLDL were associated with increased risk of MACEs among DM patients with proven CAD, suggesting that sdLDL may be useful for CAD risk stratification in DM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Dislipidemias/sangue , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho da Partícula , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
14.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(3): e014581, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013705

RESUMO

Background Although several studies have indicated that lipoprotein(a) is a useful prognostic predictor for patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), previous observations have somewhat been limited by either small sample size or short-term follow-up. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the impact of lipoprotein(a) on long-term outcomes in a large cohort of stable coronary artery disease patients after PCI. Methods and Results In this multicenter and prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 4078 stable coronary artery disease patients undergoing PCI from March 2011 to March 2016. They were categorized according to both the median of lipoprotein(a) levels and lipoprotein(a) values of <15 (low), 15 to 30 (medium), and ≥30 mg/dL (high). All patients were followed up for occurrence of cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stroke. During an average of 4.9 years of follow-up, 315 (7.7%) cardiovascular events occurred. The events group had significantly higher lipoprotein(a) levels than the nonevents group. Compared with the low lipoprotein(a) group, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had a significantly lower cumulative event-free survival rate, and multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that the high lipoprotein(a) group had significantly increased cardiovascular events risk. Moreover, adding continuous or categorical lipoprotein(a) to the Cox model led to a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification, and integrated discrimination. Conclusions With a large sample size and long-term follow-up, our data confirmed that high lipoprotein(a) levels could be associated with a poor prognosis after PCI in stable coronary artery disease patients, suggesting that lipoprotein(a) measurements may be useful for patient risk stratification before selective PCI.

15.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 15, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is a novel marker of myocardial injury and has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) including patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Unfortunately, its prognostic value in patients with CVD and impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of H-FABP in CVD patients with IGM. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled and divided into subgroup according to glucose metabolism status (normal glucose regulation [NGR], pre-DM, and DM). Baseline levels of H-FABP were measured using latex immunoturbidimetric method. The cardiovascular events (CVE) were defined as cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke and coronary revascularization. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the relations of H-FABP and glucose metabolism status to CVEs. RESULTS: During the follow-up period with up to 7.1 years, 380 CVEs occurred. Patients with CVE had higher levels of H-FABP compared to those without CVE (p < 0.001). Interestingly, H-FABP levels were also elevated in DM and pre-DM groups compared with NGR group (p < 0.001), when combined glucose metabolism status with H-FABP stratification, patients in the highest tertile of H-FABP appeared to have higher risk of CVEs with pre-DM (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.855, 95% confidential intervals [CIs] 1.076-3.214; p = 0.033) and DM (adjusted HR: 2.560, 95% CIs 1.409-4.650; p = 0.002). The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated that DM patients with the highest H-FABP levels were associated with the greatest risk of CVEs (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our data firstly showed that elevated H-FABP levels were associated with worse outcomes in CAD patients with pre-DM and DM, which provided the novel information that H-FABP might be a prognostic marker for clinical outcomes among patients with CAD and IGM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Proteína 3 Ligante de Ácido Graxo/sangue , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/sangue , Idoso , Pequim , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 134, 2019 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of free fatty acids (FFAs) on major cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: In this study, we consecutively enrolled 5443 patients from March 2011 to May 2015. Patients were categorized according to both status of glucose metabolism status [diabetes mellitus (DM), pre-diabetes (Pre-DM), normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] and FFAs levels. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of the MACEs. RESULTS: During a median of 6.7 years' follow-up, 608 MACEs occurred. A twofold higher FFAs level was independently associated with MACEs after adjusting for confounding factors [Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.242, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.084-1.424, p value = 0.002]. Adding FFAs to the Cox model increased the C-statistic by 0.015 (0.005-0.027). No significant difference in MACEs was observed between NGR and Pre-DM groups (p > 0.05). When patients were categorized by both status of glucose metabolism and FFAs levels, medium and high FFAs were associated with significantly higher risk of MACEs in Pre-DM [1.736 (1.018-2.959) and 1.779 (1.012-3.126), all p-value < 0.05] and DM [2.017 (1.164-3.494) and 2.795 (1.619-4.824), all p-value < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: The present data indicated that baseline FFAs levels were associated with the prognosis in DM and Pre-DM patients with CAD, suggesting that FFAs may be a valuable predictor in patients with impaired glucose metabolism.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/mortalidade , Prevalência , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat ; 144: 106345, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidized-low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), as well as high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and its subfractions play important role in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total of 1417 individuals who received selective coronary angiography (CAG) without lipids-lowering treatments were consecutively enrolled. Patients were divided into CAD (n = 942) and non-CAD group (n = 475). The severity of CAD was assessed by Gensini Scores (GS) system. The correlations of ox-LDL with HDL subfractions were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with non-CAD subjects, CAD patients had higher ox-LDL but lower concentrations of HDL cholesterol (p = 0.002) and large HDL subfractions (p = 0.004). And ox-LDL was negatively correlated with large HDL subfractions in patients with severe CAD (p < 0.05). Moreover, ox-LDL was elevated and large HDL subfractions decreased with the increase of the number of stenotic coronary arteries and GS (p < 0.05, respectivelly). CONCLUSIONS: The correlations between ox-LDL and cholesterol level of large HDL particles varied among CAD and non-CAD, and CAD with different severities of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Hypertens Res ; 42(11): 1783-1793, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235846

RESUMO

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation, can promote atherosclerosis and predict cardiovascular events. However, no data are currently available about the combined effects of hsCRP and hypertension on cardiovascular risk. This study sought to elucidate this matter. A total of 7325 consecutive patients with angina-like chest pain undergoing coronary angiography were evaluated, and 4291 patients with stable, newly diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled. They were subdivided into three groups according to baseline hsCRP levels (<1, 1-3, and >3 mg/L) and further stratified by hypertension status. The severity of CAD was assessed by the Gensini score and number of diseased vessels. All participants were followed for the occurrence of cardiovascular events. The coronary severity and cardiovascular outcomes were compared among these groups. We observed 530 (12.35%) incident cardiovascular events over 14,210 person-years. Elevated hsCRP was associated with more severe coronary lesions (p < 0.05) and an elevated but nonsignificant increased risk of cardiovascular events (p > 0.05). When hypertension was included as a stratifying factor, both patients with high hsCRP and normal blood pressure and hypertensive patients with any level of hsCRP had more severe coronary lesions compared with the reference group with low hsCRP and normotension. However, compared with the reference group, the cardiovascular event risk was only significantly elevated in patients with high hsCRP and hypertension (p < 0.05). The combination of elevated hsCRP and hypertension greatly increased the cardiovascular risk in patients with stable, newly diagnosed CAD, supporting that hsCRP could be treated as a marker for stratification in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Hipertensão/complicações , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Diabetes Care ; 42(7): 1312-1318, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to determine the impact of elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] on cardiovascular events (CVEs) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different glucose metabolism status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we consecutively enrolled 5,143 patients from March 2011 to February 2015. Patients were categorized according to status of glucose metabolism (diabetes mellitus [DM], pre-diabetes mellitus [pre-DM], and normal glucose regulation [NGR]) levels and further classified into 12 groups by Lp(a) levels. CVE end points included nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of the CVEs. RESULTS: During a median of 6.1 years' follow-up, 435 (8.5%) CVEs occurred. No significant difference in occurrence of CVEs was observed between NGR and pre-DM groups (hazard ratio 1.131 [95% CI 0.822-1.556], P > 0.05). When status of glucose metabolism was incorporated in stratifying factors, 30 ≤ Lp(a) < 50 mg/dL and Lp(a) ≥50 mg/dL were associated with significantly higher risk of subsequent CVEs in pre-DM (2.181 [1.099-4.327] and 2.668 [1.383-5.415], respectively; all P < 0.05) and DM (3.088 [1.535-5.895] and 3.470 [1.801-6.686], all P < 0.05). Moreover, adding Lp(a) to the Cox model increased the C-statistic by 0.022 and 0.029 in pre-DM and DM, respectively, while the C-statistic was not statistically improved when Lp(a) was included for CVEs prediction in NGR. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings, for the first time, indicated that elevated Lp(a) levels might affect the prognosis in patients with pre-DM with stable CAD, suggesting that Lp(a) may help further stratify stable CAD patients with mild impaired glucose metabolism.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Angiopatias Diabéticas/sangue , Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
20.
Postgrad Med J ; 95(1119): 18-22, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30700582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed that plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) are related to cardiovascular risk. However, whether FFAs could predict periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship of FFAs to PMI in untreated patients with CAD who underwent PCI. METHODS: A total of 374 consecutive patients with CAD without lipid-lowering treatment on admission and with normal preprocedural cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels who underwent PCI were prospectively enrolled. The baseline characteristics were collected and PMI was evaluated by cTnI analysis within 24 hours. The relation of preprocedural FFA levels to peak cTnI values after PCI was examined. RESULTS: Preprocedural FFAs were positively correlated with peak cTnI values after PCI in both simple regression model (ß=0.119, p=0.021) and multiple regression model (ß=0.198, p=0.001). Patients with higher FFA levels had higher postprocedural cTnI levels compared with those with normal FFA levels (0.27±0.68 ng/mL vs 0.66±0.31 ng/mL, p=0.014). In the multivariable model, preprocedural FFA levels were associated with an increased risk of postprocedural cTnI elevation above 1× upper limit of normal (ULN, OR: 1.185, 95% CI 0.997 to 1.223, p=0.019) up to 10× ULN (OR: 1.132, 95% CI 1.005 to 1.192, p=0.003) . CONCLUSIONS: The present study first suggested that elevated FFA levels were associated with an increased risk of PMI in untreated patients with CAD. Further study with large sample size may be needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/sangue , Complicações Intraoperatórias/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Perioperatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos
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