Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 91
Filtrar
1.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664256

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a highly heterogenous malignancy, early identification of patients for relapse remains challenging. The potential to non-invasively monitor tumour evolutionary dynamics of DLBCL needs to be further established. In the present study, 17 tumour biopsy and 38 plasma samples from 38 patients with high-intermediate/high-risk DLBCL were evaluated at baseline. Longitudinal blood samples were also collected during therapy. Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) was analysed using targeted sequencing based on a gene panel via a recently developed methodology, circulating single-molecule amplification and re-sequencing technology (cSMART). We found that the most frequently mutated genes were tumour protein p53 (TP53; 42·1%), histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D; 28·9%), caspase recruitment domain family member 11 (CARD11; 21·1%), cAMP response element-binding protein binding protein (CREBBP; 15·8%), ß2 -microglobulin (B2M; 15·8%), and tumour necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3; 15·8%). The mutation profiles between ctDNA and matched tumour tissue showed good concordance; however, more mutation sites were detected in ctDNA samples. Either TP53 or B2M mutations before treatment predicted poor prognosis. Analysis of dynamic blood samples confirmed the utility of ctDNA for the real-time assessment of treatment response and revealed that the increases in ctDNA levels and changes in KMT2D mutation status could be useful predictors of disease progression. Our present results suggest that ctDNA is a promising method for the detection of mutation spectrum and serves as a biomarker for disease monitoring and predicting clinical recurrence.

2.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 167, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649571

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a mature B-cell neoplasm with a high initial response rate followed almost invariably by relapse. Here we report the pooled data from 2 studies, BGB-3111-AU-003 and BGB-3111-206, to explore the efficacy of zanubrutinib monotherapy in relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL. A total of 112 patients were included. Median follow-up durations were 24.7 and 24.9 months for BGB-3111-AU-003 and BGB-3111-206, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) and complete response (CR) rate were 84.8% and 62.5%, and median duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 24.9, 25.8 and 38.2 months, respectively. After weighting, the PFS (median: NE vs. 21.1 months, P = 0.235) and OS (median: NE vs. 38.2 months, P = 0.057) were similar but numerically better in the second-line than later-line group. Zanubrutinib was well-tolerated with treatment discontinuation and dose reduction for adverse events in 12.5% and 2.7% of patients, respectively. Hypertension, major hemorrhage and atrial fibrillation/flutter rates were 11.6%, 5.4% and 1.8%, respectively. Zanubrutinib is efficacious in R/R MCL, with a favorable safety profile.

3.
Blood Adv ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638136

RESUMO

The non-germinal center (non-GCB) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has poor clinical outcomes. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors have established therapeutic activity in B-cell malignancies, with modest activity in DLBCL. Zanubrutinib, a potent and selective BTK inhibitor, was evaluated in patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) non-GCB DLBCL. The BGB-3111-207 study (NCT03145064) was a multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 study. Patients received twice-daily oral zanubrutinib 160 mg until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point was the overall response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included progression-free survival (PFS) and duration of response (DOR). Overall survival (OS) was an exploratory end point. Forty-one patients were enrolled in China after having progressed or not responded to prior therapy. At data cutoff, 4 patients continued treatment with 37 discontinuations. The median follow-up time is 6.8 months, the ORR was 29.3%, and the complete response rate was 17.1%. Median DOR, PFS, and OS were 4.5, 2.8, and 8.4 months, respectively. Adverse events (AEs) leading to treatment discontinuation were reported in 4 patients and grade ≥3 AEs in 48.8% of patients. Major hemorrhage, atrial fibrillation and/or flutter were not observed. Zanubrutinib demonstrated modest antitumor activity in non-GCB DLBCL, like other BTK inhibitors, and a safety profile consistent with previous studies. Through retrospective biomarker testing, potential antitumor activity was observed in patients with both CD79B and MYD88 mutations which have inferior outcomes to immunochemotherapy. Future studies of zanubrutinib in R/R non-GCB DLBCL will focus on developing mechanism-based treatment combinations and biomarker-driven patient selection.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(undefined)2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610582

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) presents a great clinical challenge and has a poor prognosis, with immune-related genes playing a crucial role. We aimed to develop an immune-related prognostic signature for improving prognosis prediction in DLBCL. Samples from the GSE31312 dataset were randomly allocated to discovery and internal validation cohorts. Univariate Cox, random forest, LASSO regression and multivariate Cox analyses were utilized to develop a prognostic signature, which was verified in the internal validation cohort, entire validation cohort and external validation cohort (GSE10846). The tumor microenvironment was investigated using the CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE tools. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was further applied to analyze the entire GSE31312 cohort. We identified four immune-related genes (CD48, IL1RL, PSDM3, RXFP3) significantly associated with overall survival. Based on discovery and validation cohort analyses, this four-gene signature could classify patients into high- and low-risk groups, with significantly different prognoses. Activated memory CD4 T cells and activated dendritic cells were significantly decreased in the high-risk group, and these patients had lower immune scores. GSEA revealed enrichment of signaling pathways, such as T cell receptor, antigen receptor-mediated, antigen processing and presentation of peptide antigen via MHC class I, in the low-risk group. In conclusion, a robust signature based on four immune-related genes was successfully constructed for predicting prognosis in DLBCL patients.

5.
Hematol Oncol ; 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564882

RESUMO

Secondary central nervous system (SCNS) involvement is an infrequent but universally fatal event in diffused large B-cell lymphoma. The occurrence rate of SCNS involvement is approximately 5% but comes with a poor prognosis ever after. However, existing risk models to predict the incidence and prognosis of these patients with SCNS involvement lack both efficiency and accuracy. Controversy has also been reported regarding which risk factor may best identify the population with a high CNS relapse rate. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 831 patients with diffused large B-cell lymphoma, diagnosed between March 2008 and June 2018 in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Beijing Cancer Hospital, and Cancer Hospital of The University of Chinese Academy of Science. Risk factors and nomogram were identified and established based on Fine and Gray's competing risk analysis. Among these patients, 55 (6.6%) of them eventually developed SCNS involvement. The 1- and 2-year incidence for SCNS involvement were 3.9% and 4.7%, respectively. The median time from de novo diagnosis to CNS relapse was 8 months, and the median overall survival of these patients was 28 months. Considering the competing mortality before SCNS involvement, Fine and Gray's competing risk model was performed to analyze the characteristics related to SCNS involvement, and identified risk factors as the multiple extranodal involvements, elevated LDH and AMC level, and the involvement of breast, adrenal gland/kidney, pulmonary and bone. Corresponding factors were integrated into the competing nomogram for SCNS involvement (c-index = 0.778). In conclusion, we present the first predictive nomogram to evaluate the risk to develop SCNS involvement in de novo DLBCL patients, which may help in both prognostic evaluation and clinical decision for this subgroup.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(17): 21102-21121, 2021 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508613

RESUMO

BGB-3111, a novel Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, shows promising anti-cancer effects in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), and Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (WM). This study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer effects of BGB-3111 combined with bortezomib (BTZ) against the BTK-expressing MCL. We found that BTK, which was overexpressed in 59.4% of patients with MCL, was mainly characterized by high Ki67 and elevated MIPI scores. BGB-3111 strongly inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest in the G1/G0-phase, and promoted cell apoptosis in the MCL cells expressing BTK. BGB-3111 provides better safety than another BTK inhibitor, ibrutinib as ibrutinib inhibits the inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) as an off-target effect but BGB-3111 does not inhibit ITK. Low doses of BTZ enhanced the anti-cancer effect induced by the low dose of BGB-3111 by downregulating the expression levels of PARP and Bcl-2 and increasing the expression levels of cleaved PARP and cleaved caspase-9. In addition, low doses of BGB-3111, but not of BTZ, inhibited BTK phosphorylation. However, low-doses of BTZ strengthened the anti-cancer effect induced by the low-doses of BGB-3111 via synergistically suppressing the IκBα and P65 phosphorylation. Taken together, our findings validate that BGB-3111 is a novel and effective BTK inhibitor for MCL-expressing BTK. Hence, it can be harnessed as a potential therapeutic strategy through a combinatorial treatment comprising low-dose BGB-3111 and low-dose BTZ to gain strong anti-cancer effects and better safety for MCL patients.

7.
J Cancer ; 12(20): 6126-6134, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539885

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic significance of programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) and their interactions in T-cell lymphoma (TCL). Methods: The mRNA levels of PD-L1 and ERK in TCL samples were analyzed. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from 69 TCL patients were collected to detect the expression of PD-L1 and p-ERK by multiplexed immunofluorescence staining. The total PD-L1 and p-ERK was measured by western blotting, and membrane PD-L1 was determined using flow cytometry. Results: PD-L1 and ERK mRNA levels were significantly upregulated in TCL. The expression rates of PD-L1 and p-ERK were 52.2% and 27.5%, respectively. PD-L1 expression correlated with stage (R=0.304, P=0.011) and IPI score (R=0.313, P=0.009), and p-ERK expression correlated with stage (R=0.330, P=0.006) and IPI score (R=0.376, P=0.002). PD-L1 expression positively correlated with p-ERK expression (R=0.355, P=0.003). Patients with co-expression of PD-L1 and p-ERK had the worst overall survival (P=0.007). In three TCL cell lines with PD-L1 expression, we demonstrated that the expression of p-ERK was upregulated after stimulation with PD-1, suggesting that ERK signaling was activated. Conclusions: The PD-1/PD-L1 axis activates intracellular ERK signaling in tumor cells and that PD-L1, p-ERK or their combination are potential biomarkers for predicting the prognosis in TCL patients.

8.
Eur J Cancer ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GLS-010 (zimberelimab) is a novel, fully human, anti-programmed death-1 monoclonal antibody that shows promising efficacy and safety in advanced solid tumors. This trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GLS-010 (zimberelimab) in Chinese patients with relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (r/r-cHL). METHODS: This phase II, single-arm, open-label, multicenter clinical trial was conducted at 24 centers in China and enrolled patients with r/r-cHL after two or more lines of therapy. The patients were administered intravenous GLS-010 (zimberelimab) (240 mg, once every 2 weeks) until progression, death, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. The primary end-point was the objective response rate assessed by an independent radiology review committee (IRC). This study was registered (NCT03655483). RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were enrolled between August 2018 and August 2019. The median follow-up was 15.8 months. Seventy-seven patients (90.6%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 82.3-95.9) had an IRC-assessed objective response. The complete response rate was 32.9% (n = 28). The 12-month progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 78% (95% CI 67.5-85.6) and 99% (95% CI 91.9-99.8), respectively. Treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were observed in 92.9% of participants. Grade III or IV TRAEs occurred in 24 (28.2%) of the 85 participants. The most common grade III or IV TRAEs were abnormal hepatic function (5.9%), hyperuricemia (4.7%), decreased neutrophil count (3.5%), and increased weight (3.5%). Only one grade V AE, gastrointestinal infection, occurred. CONCLUSIONS: GLS-010 (zimberelimab) appears to be effective and safe for the treatment of Chinese patients with r/r-cHL. Long-term follow-up is required to confirm these clinical benefits.

9.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 131, 2021 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425858

RESUMO

Clinical features and outcomes of FL patients in Chinese population are limited, thus promoting us to perform this analysis on a large cohort of 1845 patients with FL enrolled from nine medical centers nationwide in China. In this cohort, the median age of patients at diagnosis was 53 years, which was comparable to that reported previously for Chinese FL patients (49-51 years) but younger than that for Western FL patients (60-65 years). In contrast with Western patients, Chinese FL patients more likely involved extranodal sites but less frequently infiltrated bone marrow. Other clinical characteristics were comparable between two populations. In this study, 91% of patients were managed with chemotherapy, yielding 72% and 46% of overall-response rate and complete remission. After median 55-month follow-up, 5-year progressive-free and overall survival were 61% and 89%, respectively. Both were analogous to those reported in prior Chinese and Western studies. Consistent with published data, addition of rituximab into both induction (Ri) and maintenance (Rm) treatment led to the most favorable outcomes. Interestingly, Ri only had better outcomes than Rm only. Notably, 7% of patients experienced histologic transformation (HT) and correlated with poor survival. Of the transformed FL cases, 3% and 4% of HT events occurred prior to or post-treatment, respectively. Importantly, the latter displayed worse outcomes than the former. Altogether, this study provides real-world information of the largest cohort of FL patients so far in China, which might lay a foundation for clinical investigation of Chinese FL in future.

10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 708784, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336695

RESUMO

Purpose: Although the role of tumor-infiltrating T cells in follicular lymphoma (FL) has been reported previously, the prognostic value of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets has not been systematically assessed. Thus, we aim to incorporate T-cell subsets with clinical features to develop a predictive model of clinical outcome. Methods: We retrospectively screened a total of 1,008 patients, including 252 newly diagnosed de novo FL patients with available peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets who were randomized to different sets (177 in the training set and 75 in the internal validation set). A nomogram and a novel immune-clinical prognostic index (ICPI) were established according to multivariate Cox regression analysis for progression-free survival (PFS). The concordance index (C-index), Akaike's information criterion (AIC), and likelihood ratio chi-square were employed to compare the ICPI's discriminatory capability and homogeneity to that of FLIPI, FLIPI2, and PRIMA-PI. Additional external validation was performed using a dataset (n = 157) from other four centers. Results: In the training set, multivariate analysis identified five independent prognostic factors (Stage III/IV disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Hb <120g/L, CD4+ <30.7% and CD8+ >36.6%) for PFS. A novel ICPI was established according to the number of risk factors and stratify patients into 3 risk groups: high, intermediate, and low-risk with 4-5, 2-3, 0-1 risk factors respectively. The hazard ratios for patients in the high and intermediate-risk groups than those in the low-risk were 27.640 and 2.758. The ICPI could stratify patients into different risk groups both in the training set (P < 0.0001), internal validation set (P = 0.0039) and external validation set (P = 0.04). Moreover, in patients treated with RCHOP-like therapy, the ICPI was also predictive (P < 0.0001). In comparison to FLIPI, FLIPI2, and PRIMA-PI (C-index, 0.613-0.647), the ICPI offered adequate discrimination capability with C-index values of 0.679. Additionally, it exhibits good performance based on the lowest AIC and highest likelihood ratio chi-square score. Conclusions: The ICPI is a novel predictive model with improved prognostic performance for patients with de novo FL treated with R-CHOP/CHOP chemotherapy. It is capable to be used in routine practice and guides individualized precision therapy.

11.
Int J Hematol ; 114(3): 355-362, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302593

RESUMO

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) are a group of T-cell lymphomas with low incidence. Due to their indolent characteristics, treatment strategies have not yet been established for advanced CTCLs. In this study, relative incidence of CTCLs in Asia was estimated and the therapeutic outcomes presented based on various treatments currently used in clinics for advanced CTCLs. As part of a prospective registry study of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) conducted across Asia, including Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia, subgroup analysis was performed for patients with CTCLs. Among 486 patients with PTCL, 37 with CTCL (7.6%) were identified between April 2016 and February 2019. Primary cutaneous ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, 35.1%) was the most common subtype. With a median follow-up period of 32.1 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 53.5 months (95% CI 0.0-122.5), and overall survival was not reached. 14 patients (48.2%) underwent subsequent treatment after the first relapse, but the response rate was 20% with a PFS of 2.2 months (95% CI 0.3-4.0). Six patients received autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). However, auto-SCT did not result in better outcomes. Additional studies are needed on standard care treatment of advanced or refractory and relapsed CTCLs.


Assuntos
Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/diagnóstico , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/etiologia , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/terapia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/etiologia , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
12.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 10: 100126, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327343

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are uncommon and their frequency is regionally heterogeneous. Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the clinical features and treatment outcomes of this disease entity, but the majority of these were conducted in limited areas, making it difficult to comprehensively analyze their relative frequency and clinical features. Furthermore, no consensus treatment for PTCLs has been established. Therefore, we conducted an Asia-specific study to understand the relative frequency of PTCLs and assess treatments and their outcomes in Asian patients. Methods: We performed a multinational, multicenter, prospective registry of adult patients with PTCLs that was named as the International Cooperative non-Hodgkin T-cell lymphoma prospective registry study where thirty-two institutes from six Asian countries and territories (Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia) participated. Findings: A total of 486 patients were registered between April 2016 and February 2019, and more than a half of patients (57%) had stage III or IV. Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T- cell lymphoma was the most common subtype (n = 139,28.6%), followed by angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL, n = 120,24.7%), PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS, n = 101,20.8%), ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, n = 34,6.9%), and ALK-negative ALCL (n = 30,6.2%). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 21.1 months (95% CI,10.6-31.6) and 83.6 months (95% CI, 56.7-110.5), respectively. Upfront use of combined treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy showed better PFS than chemotherapy alone in localized ENKTL whereas consolidation with upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) provided longer PFS in advance stage ENKTL. In patients with PTCLs other than ENKTL, anthracycline-containing chemotherapies were widely used, but the outcome of those regimens was not satisfactory, and upfront autologous SCT was not significantly associated with survival benefit, either. The treatment outcome of salvage chemotherapy was disappointing, and none of the salvage strategies showed superiority to one another. Interpretation: This multinational, multicenter study identified the relative frequency of each subtype of PTCLs across Asian countries, and the survival outcomes according to the therapeutic strategies currently used. Funding: Samsung Biomedical Research Institute.

13.
Ann Hematol ; 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331111

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of cyclophosphamide when combined with bortezomib and fludarabine (B-FC) in a phase 1b trial, and to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination in a phase 2 trial in patients with relapsed or refractory MCL (rrMCL). Forty patients were enrolled between April 8, 2011, and October 10, 2015. The MTD of cyclophosphamide was identified to be 250 mg/m2 days 1-2. At a median follow-up of 31.6 months (13.5-47.4), among 32 patients in phase 2, 10 (31%) had a complete response and 13 (41%) had a partial response. The median progression-free survival was 21 months (95% CI 7.3-34.7), and the median overall survival was 32.4 months (95% CI 17.8-47.0). Grade 3-4 hematologic AEs included neutropenia (27%) and thrombocytopenia (39%). The B-FC regimen has satisfactory responses and manageable toxicities in rrMCL patients (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01322776).

14.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 181, 2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive malignant disease with a high rate of recurrence and metastasis, few effective treatment options and poor prognosis. Here, we designed and constructed a combined photothermal immunotherapy strategy based on cancer cell membrane-coated biomimetic black phosphorus quantum dots (BBPQDs) for tumor-targeted photothermal therapy and anti-PD-L1 mediated immunotherapy. RESULTS: BBPQDs have good photothermal conversion efficiency and can efficiently target tumor cells through homologous targeting and tumor homing. Under near infrared irradiation, we found that BBPQDs kill tumors directly through photothermal effects and induce dendritic cells maturation. In vivo studies have confirmed that the combined photothermal immunotherapy strategy displays a stronger antitumor activity than anti-PD-L1 monotherapy. In addition, BBPQDs-mediated photothermal therapy in combination with anti-PD-L1 treatment inhibit tumor recurrence and metastasis by reprograming the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment into an immune-active microenvironment, and promoting the local and systemic antitumor immune response. We further found that the combined photothermal immunotherapy strategy can produce an immune memory effect against tumor rechallenge. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a novel therapeutic strategy for inhibiting the recurrence and metastasis of TNBC, with broad application prospects.

15.
Hematol Oncol ; 39(4): 490-497, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908077

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the prognostic factors in patients with Waldeyer's ring diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (WR-DLBCL), comparing the efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) for the WR-DLBCL patients in the pre-rituximab and rituximab eras. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 134 patients diagnosed with WR-DLBCL. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the prognostic factors for WR-DLBCL. Then, we divided these patients into the rituximab plus chemotherapy group (R-chemotherapy) (n = 88) and chemotherapy group (n = 46), and the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression model analyses were applied to investigate the treatment value of RT in both the groups. Multivariate analysis revealed international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3 and chemotherapy without rituximab as significant risk factors for the progression-free survival (PFS, IPI ≥ 3: p = 0.001; chemotherapy without rituximab: p = 0.002) and overall survival (OS, IPI ≥ 3, p < 0.001; chemotherapy without rituximab, p = 0.024). Rituximab combined with chemotherapy significantly improved PFS (p = 0.002) and OS (p = 0.006) in these patients. RT did not significantly contribute to the survival in the overall cohort analysis, whereas in the subgroup analysis, RT significantly improved the PFS (p = 0.025) and OS (p = 0.029) for the patients in the chemotherapy group, but not in the R-chemotherapy group. In conclusion, the WR-DLBCL patients could benefit from RT in the pre-rituximab era, whereas the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy significantly improved the survival of WR-DLBCL patients, and the clinical benefit of RT was reduced.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/radioterapia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab/farmacologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Eur J Cancer ; 148: 1-13, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: GLS-010, a novel engineered fully human immunoglobin G4 monoclonal antibody, can specially block the PD-1/PD-L1/2 axis and reactivate the antitumor immunity. AIM: This phase Ia/Ib study was carried out to evaluate the safety, recommended phase II dose (R2PD), and primary antitumor effects of GLS-010 in patients with advanced, refractory lymphoma and solid tumors. METHODS: In phase Ia study, patients with refractory solid tumors and lymphoma enrolled and received GLS-010 at a dose of 1, 4, or 10 mg/kg Q2W; 240 mg Q3W or Q2W. The primary objective was to assess the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). In phase Ib study, doses were expanded in 9 specific tumors to ensure the R2PD and explore the efficacy. Tumor mutation burden level and PD-L1 expression were also assessed with whole-exome sequencing and immunohistochemistry (SP263), respectively. RESULTS: Up to April 18, 2020, a total of 289 patients (n = 24, phase Ia; n = 265, phase Ib) were enrolled. DLT was not observed in phase Ia part. The T1/2, CLss, and Vd were similar among all dose groups and different tumors. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were anemia, leukopenia, elevated alanine aminotransaminase/asparate aminotransferase (ALT/AST), and elevated bilirubin. And hypothyroidism was the most common immune-related adverse event (irAE). The incidence of grade ≥3 TEAE was 39.8%, while grade ≥3 irAE was only 4.5%. Based on safety studies, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, and preclinical data, 240-mg Q2W was recommended as the expansion dose. The overall objective response rate was 23.6%, with 10 patients achieving complete response. Patients with a high PD-L1 expression level (31.3% Versus. 13.7%, p = 0.012) or t-issue tumor mutation burden level (31.3% Versus. 5.6%, p = 0.009) showed a significantly better response. CONCLUSION: GLS-010 showed acceptable safety profile and favorable clinical response. The dose of 240 mg Q2W was an optimal recommended dose as monotherapy.

17.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of the novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, chidamide, in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, etoposide, and prednisone (Chi-CHOEP) for untreated peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, single arm, phase 1b/2 study was conducted. A total of 128 patients with untreated PTCL (18-70 years of age) were enrolled between March 2016 and November 2019, and treated with up to 6 cycles with the Chi-CHOEP regimen. In the phase 1b study, 3 dose levels of chidamide were evaluated and the primary endpoint was determination of the maximum-tolerated dose and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). The primary endpoint of the phase 2 study was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Fifteen patients were enrolled in the phase 1b study and the RP2D for chidamide was determined to be 20 mg, twice a week. A total of 113 patients were treated at the RP2D in the phase 2 study, and the overall response rate was 60.2%, with a complete response rate of 40.7%. At a median follow-up of 36 months, the median PFS was 10.7 months, with 1-, 2-, and 3-year PFS rates of 49.9%, 38.0%, and 32.8%, respectively. The Chi-CHOEP regimen was well-tolerated, with grade 3/4 neutropenia occurring in approximately two-thirds of the patients. No unexpected adverse events (AEs) were reported and the observed AEs were manageable. CONCLUSIONS: This large cohort phase 1b/2 study showed that Chi-CHOEP was well-tolerated with modest efficacy in previously untreated PTCL patients.

18.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 659-664, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658838

RESUMO

Early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL) is rare and associated with poor clinical outcome especially in adults. ETP tumor cells that express cross-lineage antigens or lack pan T markers usually pose big challenges to diagnosis, and their prognostic implications are therefore more uncertain. This study reports the unique case of a 44-year-old woman with breast mass as the initial presentation of acute leukemia possessing both T- and B-cell features (cytoplasmic CD3+CD7+CD19+CD79a+). Despite the presence of gene rearrangements of IGH and IGK probably in a small amount of B cells, the patient was diagnosed with T-ALL mainly according to WHO criteria, and further ETP-ALL rather than mixed phenotype ALL based on additional positive expression of stem/myeloid lineage antigens (CD34+CD13+CD33+HLA-DR+). Moreover, in spite of normal karyotype, SET-NUP214 gene fusion is identified, which has not been described in ETP-ALL with bi-phenotype. After intensive chemotherapy, the patient achieved short-term morphologic complete remission but relapsed within one month. This report may expand immunophenotype and clinical behavior of ETP-ALL in adults. Comprehensive evaluations are emphasized in making a differential diagnosis and distinguishing subtypes of acute leukemia.

19.
Adv Ther ; 38(4): 1889-1903, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751401

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have limited access to rituximab. IBI301 is a recombinant chimeric murine/human anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody and is a candidate biosimilar to rituximab. This study aimed to assess the therapeutic equivalence of IBI301 and rituximab in previously untreated patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, phase 3 trial compared IBI301 and rituximab, both plus the chemotherapy of doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, and prednisone (CHOP), was conducted in 68 centers across China. Eligible patients with untreated CD20 positive (CD20+) DLBCL randomly received IBI301 (375 mg/m2) plus the standard CHOP or rituximab (375 mg/m2) plus the standard CHOP for six cycles of a 21-day cycle. The primary end point was the overall remission rate (ORR). Efficacy equivalence was defined if 95% CIs for the ORR difference between the two groups were within a ± 12.0% margin. RESULTS: Between August 22, 2016, and September 5, 2018, 419 patients were randomly allocated into the IBI301 group (N = 209) and rituximab group (N = 210). In the full analysis set, the ORR was 89.9% and 93.8% in the IBI301 and rituximab groups, respectively, and the ORR difference was -3.9% (95% CI - 9.1%-1.3%), falling within a ± 12.0% margin. The occurrences of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) (100% vs. 99.0%) and AEs of grade ≥ 3 (87.1% vs. 83.3%) were similar in the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: IBI301 had a non-inferiority efficacy and a comparable safety compared with rituximab. IBI301 plus CHOP could be suggested as a candidate treatment regimen for untreated patients with CD20+ DLBCL. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02867566).


Assuntos
Medicamentos Biossimilares , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Padrões de Referência , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
20.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 2107-2121, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737808

RESUMO

Purpose: Although anti-programmed cell death protein 1 antibody (aPD1) immunotherapy and chemotherapy has made much progress in the treatment of melanoma, the efficacy still needs to be further improved. Methods: Cancer treatment has been greatly enhanced by the use of nanotechnology. Cancer cell membrane (CCM)-camouflaged nanoparticles have shown promising potential in tumor therapy due to their excellent homologous-targeting ability, long blood circulation and immune escape. This work presents a biocompatible and tumor acidic environmental responsive CCM-camouflaged mesoporous silica nanoparticle (CMSN) that is loaded with dacarbazine (DTIC) and combined with aPD1 to achieve better antitumor efficacy. Results: In vitro cell experiments demonstrated that DTIC@CMSN exhibits a better anti-tumor killing efficiency and a stronger ability to promote the apoptosis of tumor cells than free DTIC. In vivo antitumor results demonstrated that combination therapy of DTIC@CMSN chemotherapy and aPD1 immunotherapy remarkably suppress the melanoma growth and prolong survival time due to highly selective tumor killing, activation of tumor-specific T cells, and regulation of the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. In addition, safety evaluation studies of DTIC@CMSN also demonstrate their increased tumor accumulation and decreased systemic toxicity. Conclusion: This study provides a promising nano-platform for the combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapy, which is potentially useful for the treatment of melanoma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Membrana Celular/patologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Dacarbazina/farmacologia , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho da Partícula , Porosidade , Eletricidade Estática
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...