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1.
Environ Res ; 203: 111879, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390716

RESUMO

To mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, different strategies have been proposed, including application of dolomite, crop straw and biochar, thus contributing to cope with the increasing global warming affecting the planet. In the current study, pristine wheat straw biochar (WBC) and magnesium (MgCl2.6H2O) modified wheat straw biochar (MWBC) were used. Treatments included control (CK), two WBC dosages (1% and 2.5%), and two MWBC doses (1% and 2.5%). After 90 days of incubation, WBC and MWBC improved the soil physiochemical properties, being more pronounced with increasing rates of biochar. MWBC2.5 significantly decreased microbial biomass carbon (MBC), while microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN) increased when both biochar materials (WBC1 and MWBC1) were applied at low rate. Compared to control soil, Urease and Alkaline phosphatase activities increased with the increasing rate of WBC and MWBC. The activities of dehydrogenase and ß-glucosidase decreased with the WBC and MWBC application, compared to CK. The fluxes of all the three GHGs evaluated (CO2, CH4 and N2O) decreased with time for both biochar amendments, while cumulative emission of CO2 increased by 58% and 45% for WBC, and by 54% and 41% for MWBC, as compared to CK. The N2O cumulative emissions decreased by 18 and 34% for WBC, and by 25 and 41% for MWBC, compared to CK, whereas cumulative methane emission showed non-significant differences among all treatments. These findings indicate that Mg-modified wheat straw biochar would be an appropriate management strategy aiding to reduce GHG emissions and improving the physiochemical properties of affected soils, and specifically of the red dry land soil investigated in the current work.

2.
Theriogenology ; 177: 183-194, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715543

RESUMO

Heat stress is known to negatively impact the reproductive process of livestock, which inevitably leads to a decline in animal fertility. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is an inducible transcription factor, which is essential for maintaining redox signal transmission against oxidative stress. However, there is no reliable research on the response mechanism of Sertoli Cells (SCs) against heat stress and the activation of Nrf2 when SCs are exposed to heat stress. Here, we used primary mouse SCs and SCs line TM4, along with Nrf2 specific inhibitor to determine the reaction mechanism of SCs to maintain intracellular redox homeostasis and self-survival by activating Nrf2. We found that acute heat stress only affected the vitality of SCs and the expression of functional molecules (tight junction-associated proteins and lactate dehydrogenase A [LDHA]) but did not cause cell apoptosis. When Nrf2 was inhibited, more cell death occurred in TM4 cells post heat stress treatment, along with a greater decrease in cell viability and a significant increase in intracellular ROS levels. Our study clarified for the first time the protective effect of Nrf2 activation on heat stress-induced SCs damage. It explained the possible reasons or mechanisms involved in the survival of SCs, the critical protective cells in the testis, which were not affected by heat stress. This study further improved the response mechanism of SCs in the reproductive injury caused by a high-temperature environment.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Células de Sertoli , Animais , Apoptose , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Masculino , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Estresse Oxidativo , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo
3.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(4): e20201035, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339675

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: In this study, the labour requirement and labour cost of common vegetable cultivation were investigated to help agricultural enterprises and family farms establishing reasonable "working hour" management systems in Jiangsu Province. The labour requirement of each step of three type of producers, agriculture enterprises, family farms, and private vegetable growers, in three regions in Jiangsu Province, named north, middle and south Jiangsu, was investigated by on-site observation or questionnaire survey during 2018 and 2019. The labour cost of each step and each vegetable was counted according to the labour requirement and the salary level. The results indicated that "residue cleaning", "soil preparation and bedding", "plant regulation", "auxin treatment of tomato flowers" and "hand pollination" accounted for higher proportions of labour cost amongst the entire vegetable culture process. No significant differences in the labour requirements of the investigated vegetables were reported amongst three regions in Jiangsu Province. However, the order of labour cost is south Jiangsu > north Jiangsu > middle Jiangsu, due to the salary difference amongst three regions. Watermelon, broccoli and chive are more suitable for growing by agricultural enterprises since they have relatively low unit labour and high prices. We established a method to calculate and analyze labour requirement and cost of vegetable production in Jiangsu Province, which also may be instructive for other regions. In addition, our results provided useful data for various vegetable producers to improve their labour management.


RESUMO: Neste estudo, a necessidade de trabalho e o custo do cultivo comum de vegetais foram investigados para ajudar as empresas agrícolas e fazendas familiares a estabelecer sistemas de gestão de "horas de trabalho" razoáveis ​​na província de Jiangsu. A necessidade de trabalho de cada etapa de três tipos de produtores, empresas agrícolas, fazendas familiares e horticultores privados, em três regiões da província de Jiangsu, denominadas norte, centro e sul de Jiangsu, foi investigada por observação no local ou pesquisa por questionário durante 2018 e 2019. O custo da mão de obra de cada etapa e de cada hortaliça foi contabilizado de acordo com a necessidade de mão de obra e o nível salarial. Os resultados indicaram que "limpeza de resíduos", "preparo de solo e cama", "regulação de plantas", "tratamento com auxina de flores de tomate" e "polinização manual" foram responsáveis ​​por maiores proporções de custo de mão de obra em todo o processo de cultivo de vegetais. Nenhuma diferença significativa nas necessidades de trabalho dos vegetais investigados foi encontrada entre as três regiões da província de Jiangsu. No entanto, a ordem do custo da mão-de-obra é sul de Jiangsu> norte de Jiangsu> meio de Jiangsu, devido à diferença salarial entre as três regiões. Melancia, brócolis e cebolinha são mais adequados para o cultivo por empresas agrícolas, uma vez que têm uma unidade de trabalho relativamente baixa e preços altos. Estabelecemos um método para calcular e analisar a necessidade de mão de obra e o custo da produção de vegetais na província de Jiangsu, que também pode ser empregado para outras regiões. Além disso, nossos resultados forneceram dados úteis para vários produtores de vegetais melhorarem sua gestão de mão de obra.

4.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730251

RESUMO

Invariant NK T (iNKT) cells are innate-like lymphocytes that can recognize the lipid Ag presented by MHC I like molecule CD1d. Distinct tissue distribution of iNKT cells subsets implies a contribution of these subsets to their related tissue regional immunity. iNKT cells are enriched in liver, an organ with unique immunological properties. Whether liver-specific iNKT cells exist and dedicate to the liver immunity remains elusive. Here, a liver-specific CD24+ iNKT subset is shown. Hepatic CD24+ iNKT cells show higher levels of proliferation, glucose metabolism, and mTOR activity comparing to CD24- iNKT cells. Although CD24+ iNKT cells and CD24- iNKT cells in the liver produce similar amounts of cytokines, the hepatic CD24+ iNKT cells exhibit lower granzyme B production. These liver-specific CD24+ iNKT cells are derived from thymus and differentiate into CD24+ iNKT in the liver microenvironment. Moreover, liver microenvironment induces the formation of CD24+ conventional T cells as well, and these cells exhibit higher proliferation ability but lower granzyme B production in comparison with CD24- T cells. The results propose that liver microenvironment might induce the generation of liver-specific iNKT subset that might play an important role in maintaining liver homeostasis.

5.
Front Neuroanat ; 15: 724861, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776879

RESUMO

Whisker detection is crucial to adapt to the environment for some animals, but how the nervous system processes and integrates whisker information is still an open question. It is well-known that two main parallel pathways through Ventral posteromedial thalamic nucleus (VPM) ascend to the barrel cortex, and classical theory suggests that the cross-talk from trigeminal nucleus interpolaris (Sp5i) to principal nucleus (Pr5) between the main parallel pathways contributes to the multi-whisker integration in barrel columns. Moreover, some studies suggest there are other cross-streams between the parallel pathways. To confirm their existence, in this study we used a dual-viral labeling strategy and high-resolution, large-volume light imaging to get the complete morphology of individual VPM neurons and trace their projections. We found some new thalamocortical projections from the ventral lateral part of VPM (VPMvl) to barrel columns. In addition, the retrograde-viral labeling and imaging results showed there were the large trigeminothalamic projections from Sp5i to the dorsomedial section of VPM (VPMdm). Our results reveal new cross-streams between the parallel pathways through VPM, which may involve the execution of multi-whisker integration in barrel columns.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787111

RESUMO

In this work, two silicon nanostructures were doped into polymer/nematic liquid crystal composites to regulate the electric-optical performance. Commercial SiO2 nanoparticles and synthesized thiol polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS-SH) were chosen as the dopants to afford the silicon nanostructures. SiO2 nanoparticles were physically dispersed in the composites and the nanostructure from POSS-SH was implanted into the polymer matrix of the composites via photoinduced thiol-ene crosslinking. SEM results indicated that the implantation of POSS microstructure into the polymer matrix was conducive to obtaining the uniform porous polymer microstructures in the composites while the introduction of SiO2 nanoparticles led to the loose and heterogeneous polymer morphologies. The electric-optical performance test results also demonstrated that the electric-optical performance regulation effect of POSS microstructure was more obvious than that of SiO2 nanoparticles. The driving voltage was reduced by almost 80% if the concentration of POSS-SH in the composite was nearly 8 wt% and the sample could be completely driven by the electric field whose voltage was lower than the safe voltage for continuous contact (24 V). This work could provide a creative approach for the regulation of electric-optical performance for polymer/nematic liquid crystal composites and the fabrication of low voltage-driven PDLC films for smart windows.

7.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(29): 8846-8851, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are acute life-threatening skin reactions. AZD9291 has been developed as a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with activity against T790M mutation. CASE SUMMARY: Herein we report a 68-year-old woman who developed a large area of skin necrosis and was diagnosed with toxic epidermal necrolysis after AZD-9291 ingestion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case reported in patients with EGFR T790M mutation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cabozantinib combined with erlotinib had clinically meaningful effectiveness, with additional toxicity that was generally manageable. CONCLUSION: Treatment with AZD-9261 is effective in regressing the growth of the NSCLC and can bring some hope to despairing patients. We hope that more research will be carried out on the association between severe rashes and EGFR-TKIs, and more safe and effective drugs can be developed.

8.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750768

RESUMO

To establish a risk prediction model and the clinical value of trisomy 21 using alpha-fetoprotein variants L2 (AFP-L2) combined with maternal serum biomarkers and nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in early pregnancy. A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The subjects were divided into the case group (n = 40) or the control group (n = 40). An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the maternal serum AFP-L2 level in both groups. The AFP-L2 single-index or multi-index combined risk model was used to predict the efficiency of trisomy 21. The best cut-off value and area under the curve (AUC) were determined to evaluate the predictive efficacy of different risk models constructed by AFP-L2. The maternal serum AFP-L2 level in the case group was 1.59 (0.61-3.61) Multiple of medium (MoM), which was higher than 1.00 (0.39-2.12) MoM in the control group (P < 0.001). The free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (free ß-hCG) level and NT in the case group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.001). The pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) level in the case group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.001). The AUC of AFP-L2 in predicting trisomy 21 was 0.797. After considering the maternal serum AFP-L2 level, the AUC, detection rate (DR), positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), falsepositive rate (FPR), false negative rate (FNR), positive likelihood ratio (+LR), and negative likelihood ratio (-LR) were significantly improved. In this study, PAPP-A + free ß-hCG + NT + AFP-L2 and PAPP-A + free ß-hCG + AFP-L2 increased the integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) and net classification improvement (NRI) of predicting fetuses with trisomy 21 (1.10% and 5.27%; 11.07% and 2.78%)  (1.10% and 5.27%; 11.07% and 2.78%), respectively, after considering the maternal serum AFP-L2 level. The maternal serum AFP-L2 level in early pregnancy had high sensitivity and specificity, and it was a good biomarker to predict fetuses with trisomy 21.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(45): 54579-54588, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730948

RESUMO

SnO2 is a promising material for use as an electron transfer layer (ETL) in perovskite photovoltaic devices due to its suitable energy level alignment with the perovskite, high electron mobility, excellent optical transmission, and low-temperature processability. The development of high-quality SnO2 ETLs with a large coverage and that are pinhole-free is crucial to enhancing the performance and stability of the perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, zirconium acetylacetonate (ZrAcac) was introduced to form a double-layered ETL, in which an ideal cascade energy level alignment is obtained. The surface of the resulting ZrAcac/SnO2 (Zr-SnO2) layer is compact and smooth and had a high coverage of SnO2, which enhances the electron extractability, improves ion blocking, and reduces the charge accumulation at the interface. As a result, the fill factor (FF, 80.99%), power conversion efficiency (PCE, 22.44%), and stability of the Zr-SnO2 device have been significantly improved compared to PSCs with only a SnO2 ETL. In addition, the PCE of the Zr-SnO2 device is maintained at more than 80% of the initial efficiency after 500 h of continuous illumination.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(21)2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769398

RESUMO

Auxin response factors (ARFs) play a vital role in plant growth and development. In the current study, 16 ARF members have been identified in the sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) genome. These genes are all located in the nucleus. Sequence analysis showed that genes in the same subgroup have similar exon-intron structures. A phylogenetic tree has been divided into five groups. The promoter sequence includes six kinds of plant hormone-related elements, as well as abiotic stress response elements such as low temperature or drought. The expression patterns of PavARF in different tissues, fruitlet abscission, cold and drought treatment were comprehensively analyzed. PavARF10/13 was up-regulated and PavARF4/7/11/12/15 was down-regulated in fruitlet abscising. These genes may be involved in the regulation of fruit drop in sweet cherry fruits. This study comprehensively analyzed the bioinformatics and expression pattern of PavARF, which can lay the foundation for further understanding the PavARF family in plant growth development and fruit abscission.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(30): 8999-9010, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke has a great influence on the patient's mental health, and reasonable psychological adjustment and disease perception can promote the recovery of mental health. AIM: To explore the relationships among resilience, coping style, and uncertainty in illness of stroke patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was used to investigate 154 stroke patients who were diagnosed and treated at eight medical institutes in Henan province, China from October to December 2019. We used the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and the Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire to test the uncertainty in illness, resilience, and coping style, respectively. RESULTS: Resilience had a significant moderating role in the correlation between coping style and unpredictability and information deficiency for uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05). Further, the tenacity and strength dimensions of resilience mediated the correlation between the confrontation coping style and complexity, respectively (P < 0.05). The strength dimension of resilience mediated the correlation between an avoidance coping style and the unpredictability of uncertainty in illness (P < 0.05), as well as correlated with resignation, complexity, and unpredictability (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Resilience has moderating and mediating roles in the associations between coping style and uncertainty in illness, indicating that it is vital to improve resilience and consider positive coping styles for stroke patients in the prevention and control of uncertainty in illness.

12.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 498, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The infection rate of congenital syphilis is gradually increasing, the clinical manifestations of some children with congenital syphilis are abnormal liver function, which is given the clinical diagnosis of syphilitic hepatitis. At present, there are few studies on the clinical features of children with early congenital syphilis combined with syphilitic hepatitis, so we set out to do such a study. We compared the liver function indicators before and after the treatment of syphilis to find the clinical features that can provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: This study collected clinical data on 51 children with early congenital syphilis combined with syphilitic hepatitis in Beijing Ditan Hospital, affiliated with Capital Medical University, between April 2014 and October 2019. We observed their age, gender, clinical symptoms, and physical symptoms, as well as the pregnancy and childbirth history of their mothers. We also compared the liver function indicators before and after the treatment of the syphilis and analyzed the children's clinical features. RESULTS: The results of this study showed that the clinical manifestations in children with early congenital syphilis combined with syphilitic hepatitis were diverse. The most common clinical manifestation was anemia (56.9 %), followed by syphilitic rash (54.9 %), hands, feet, and whole-body peeling (35.3 %), and splenomegaly (29.4 %). Liver damage caused by a syphilis infection tends to result in elevated alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and bilirubin, while albumin decreases. After the syphilis treatment, the liver function indexes were significantly improved compared with before treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A child with abnormal liver function, especially with anemia, skin rash, peeling, abdominal distension, and hepatosplenomegaly should be highly suspected of having a syphilis infection. Once the diagnosis is made, the appropriate standard penicillin treatment should be started as soon as possible to improve the condition and prognosis of the child.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(46)2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772808

RESUMO

Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells play important roles in regulating immune responses. Based on cytokine profiling and key transcriptional factors, iNKT cells are classified into iNKT1, iNKT2, and iNKT17 subsets. However, whether the development and functions of these subsets are controlled by distinct mechanisms remains unclear. Here, we show that forkhead box protein O1 (Foxo1) promotes differentiation of iNKT1 and iNKT2 cells but not iNKT17 cells because of its distinct contributions to IL7R expression in these subsets. Nuclear Foxo1 is essential for Il7r expression in iNKT1 and iNKT2 cells at early stages of differentiation but is dispensable in iNKT17 cells. RORγt, instead of Foxo1, promotes IL7R expression in iNKT17 cells. Additionally, Foxo1 is required for the effector function of iNKT1 and iNKT2 cells but not iNKT17 cells. Cytoplasmic Foxo1 promotes activation of mTORC1 in iNKT1 and iNKT2 cells through inhibiting TSC1-TSC2 interaction, whereas it is dispensable for mTORC1 activation in iNKT17 cells. iNKT17 cells display distinct metabolic gene expression patterns from iNKT1 and iNKT2 cells that match their different functional requirements on Foxo1. Together, our results demonstrate that iNKT cell subsets differ in their developmental and functional requirements on Foxo1.

14.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 739978, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738015

RESUMO

Cancer remains one of the top culprits causing disease-related deaths. A lack of effective multi-cancer therapeutic targets has limited the prolongation of cancer patients' survival. Therefore, it is important to explore novel oncogenic genes or versatile targets and perform a comprehensive analysis to assess their roles in the process of tumorigenesis. OSBPL3 protein is an intracellular lipid receptor of the oxysterol-binding protein superfamily, which participates in some pathological and physiological processes in tumor progression. However, its clinical roles and potential mechanisms in cancers remain unknown. Thus, we aimed to systematic explore the potential oncogenic roles of OSBPL3 across thirty-three tumors using multiple web-based and publicly available tools, including the Cancer Genome Atlas, Gene Expression Omnibus, Genotype-Tissue Expression, cBioPortal, and Human Protein Atlas database. OSBPL3 is highly expressed in major subtypes of cancers, distinctly associated with the prognosis of tumor patients. We observed X676_splice/V676G alteration in the oxysterol domain and frequent mutations of OSBPL3 involve cell survival in skin cutaneous melanoma. We also first presented that the expression of OSBPL3 was associated with tumor mutational burden (TMB) in nine cancer types. Additionally, OSBPL3 shows an enhanced phosphorylation level at S426, S251, and S273 loci within the pleckstrin homology domain in multiple tumors, such as breast cancer or lung adenocarcinoma. And OSBPL3 expression was associated with active immune cells (CD8+ T cells) and cancer-associated fibroblasts in breast cancer, colon adenocarcinoma, and kidney renal clear cell carcinoma and immune checkpoint genes in more than 30 tumors, but weakly associated with immune suppressive cells (myeloid-derived suppressor cells, T regulatory cells). Moreover, protein processing and mRNA metabolic signaling pathways were involved in the functional mechanisms of OSBPL3. Our study first demonstrated that a novel agent OSBPL3 plays an important role in tumorigenesis from the perspective of publicly available databases and clinical tumor samples in various cancers, which comprehensively provide insights into its biological functions and may be helpful for further investigation.

15.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(8): 2821-2822, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727484

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Rhinophyma, the final stage of acne rosacea, severely influences the patient's appearance and can only be treated by surgical methods. This case reports a simple, safe, effective, and economical surgical method-five-blade scratcher. After the surgical treatment, the overall nasal contour of the patient, a male with severe rosacea, was restored without scar formation. Thus, this surgical method reported in this case is feasible and easy to operate, and worthy of clinical promotion.


Assuntos
Rinofima , Rosácea , Cicatriz , Humanos , Masculino , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinofima/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1140-1144, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729761

RESUMO

The overall prevalence of uniparental disomy (UPD) across all chromosomes was estimated to be around one birth in 2000. To date, more than 4170 UPD cases have been registered. UPD for chromosomes 6, 7, 11, 14, 15, and 20 can result in clinically recognizable imprinting disorders due to abnormal levels of imprinted gene expression. For other chromosomes, the clinical consequences associated with UPD are not apparent, unless when a recessive genetic disorder is unmasked by UPD or regions of homozygosity (ROH). A clinical practice guideline will assist in strengthening the precise analysis and interpretation of the clinical significance of ROH/UPD. This guideline summarizes the conception, mechanism and clinical consequences of ROH/UPD, as well as the principles for data analysis, with an aim to standardize the clinical application and data interpretation.


Assuntos
Impressão Genômica , Dissomia Uniparental , Expressão Gênica , Homozigoto , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Dissomia Uniparental/genética
17.
Cell Rep ; 37(6): 109981, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758299

RESUMO

Memory T cells exhibit considerable diversity that determines their ability to be protective. Here, we examine whether changes in T cell heterogeneity contribute to the age-associated failure of immune memory. By screening for age-dependent T cell-surface markers, we identify CD4 and CD8 memory T cell subsets that are unrelated to previously defined subsets of central and effector memory cells. Memory T cells expressing the ecto-5'-nucleotidase CD73 constitute a functionally distinct subset of memory T cells that declines with age. They resemble long-lived, polyfunctional memory cells but are also poised to display effector functions and to develop into cells resembling tissue-resident memory T cells (TRMs). Upstream regulators of differential chromatin accessibility and transcriptomes include transcription factors that facilitate CD73 expression and regulate TRM differentiation. CD73 is not just a surrogate marker of these regulatory networks but is directly involved in T cell survival.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127119, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597926

RESUMO

Uranium (U) immobilization from wastewater by zero valent iron (ZVI) was widely concerned through reduction and surface adsorption. Releasing of U due to re-oxidation of U(IV) into U(VI) limited the application of ZVI in U decontamination. In this work, a kind of biochar supported nano zero valent iron (Fe/BC(900)) was obtained by carbothermal reduction of starch mixed with ferric nitrate at 900 °C. U immobilization behavior by Fe/BC(900) in the presence of phosphate (P) was investigated. The U immobilization reaction was adjusted by controlling the sequence of U, Fe/BC(900) and P. U immobilization efficiency was enhanced to 99.9% in the presence of P. Reaction sequence of U, Fe/BC(900) and P influenced the U immobilization efficiency, which followed the order of (U-P)+Fe/BC(900)>(U- Fe/BC(900))+P>U+Fe/BC(900)>(P-Fe/BC(900))+U. P and nZVI both contributed to enhancing U immobilization through precipitation of uranyl-P and reductive co-precipitate (U(IV)) in a wide pH range. The released Fe ions could precipitate with uranyl and phosphate. Consumption of P and nZVI in the (P-Fe/BC(900))+U system limited U immobilization ability. The precipitate is highly dependent on U, P and Fe elements. U desorption in (U-P)+Fe/BC(900) system was not observed with stability.

19.
Lipids Health Dis ; 20(1): 139, 2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34657611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remnant cholesterol (RC) mediates the progression of coronary artery disease, diabetic complications, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease. Limited information is available on the association of RC with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to explore whether RC can be used to independently evaluate the risk of NAFLD in the general population and to analyze the predictive value of RC for NAFLD. METHODS: The study included 14,251 subjects enrolled in a health screening program. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasound, and the association of RC with NAFLD was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and logistic regression equation. RESULTS: Subjects with elevated RC had a significantly higher risk of developing NAFLD after fully adjusting for potential confounding factors (OR 1.77 per SD increase, 95% CI 1.64-1.91, P trend< 0.001). There were significant differences in this association among sex, BMI and age stratification. Compared with men, women were facing a higher risk of RC-related NAFLD. Compared with people with normal BMI, overweight and obesity, the risk of RC-related NAFLD was higher in thin people. In different age stratifications, when RC increased, young people had a higher risk of developing NAFLD than other age groups. Additionally, ROC analysis results showed that among all lipid parameters, the AUC of RC was the largest (women: 0.81; men: 0.74), and the best threshold for predicting NAFLD was 0.54 in women and 0.63 in men. CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained from this study indicate that (1) in the general population, RC is independently associated with NAFLD but not with other risk factors. (2) Compared with traditional lipid parameters, RC has a better predictive ability for NAFLD in men.

20.
ACS Nano ; 15(10): 15625-15644, 2021 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647455

RESUMO

Micronanoswarms have attracted extensive attention worldwide due to their great promise in biomedical applications. The collective behaviors among thousands, or even millions, of tiny active agents indicate immense potential for benefiting the progress of clinical therapeutic and diagnostic methods. In recent years, with the development of smart materials, remote actuation modalities, and automatic control strategies, the motion dexterity, environmental adaptability, and functionality versatility of micronanoswarms are improved. Swarms can thus be designed as dexterous platforms inside living bodies to perform a multitude of tasks related to healthcare. Existing surveys summarize the design, functionalization, and biomedical applications of micronanorobots and the actuation and motion control strategies of micronanoswarms. This review presents the recent progress of micronanoswarms, aiming for biomedical applications. The recent advances on structural design of artificial, living, and hybrid micronanoswarms are summarized, and the biomedical applications that could be tackled using micronanoswarms are introduced, such as targeted drug delivery, hyperthermia, imaging and sensing, and thrombolysis. Moreover, potential challenges and promising trends of future developments are discussed. It is envisioned that the future success of these promising tools will have a significant impact on clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Movimento (Física)
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