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1.
BMC Ecol ; 20(1): 25, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liriope muscari (Decne.) L.H. Bailey is a valuable horticultural and medicinal plant that grows under a range of light intensities, from high to low, in the understories of shrubs. To understand how this species adapts to these various environments, we selected two groups of lilyturf growing under poplar trees at two different spacings. Each group was divided into three types, open field, forest edge and shaded forest with high, medium and low irradiance levels, respectively, and then we examined their photosynthetic characteristics, physiology and biomasses. RESULTS: Light saturation point, light compensation point and in situ net photosynthetic rate (PN) were highest in lilyturf growing under high light. In contrast, lilyturf growing under low light had a higher apparent quantum yield and Chl a and b contents, indicating that they adapted to low light. Although the leaves of lilyturf growing under low light were small, their root tubers were heavier. CONCLUSIONS: The research demonstrates the eco-physiological basis of lilyturf's shade adaptation mechanism as indicated by photosynthetic activity, chlorophyll fluorescence, Chl a, Chl b and Car contents when grown under different irradiances. We believe that lilyturf is a shade-tolerant plant suitable for planting in undergrowth, but attention should be paid to the canopy density of the forest when interplanting. The findings presented here advance our understanding of the photosynthetic characteristics of understory plants and may assist in the optimization of irradiances in the future.

2.
Int J Obstet Anesth ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439296

RESUMO

The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as salvage therapy for patients with severe cardiopulmonary failure has increased significantly in the past decade. However, the use of ECMO in pregnant and peripartum patients has received scant attention. We performed a systematic review of case reports in the literature, documenting indications and outcomes of ECMO in pregnancy and postpartum patients. Case reports on ECMO use in pregnant and postpartum patients were retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCOPUS databases up to December 2018. Ninety publications reporting on 97 patients met our inclusion criteria. The majority of publications reported peripartum or postpartum ECMO use for cardiovascular failure (60.8%), while the remainder had respiratory failure. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (91.9%) was the most common respiratory indication while pulmonary embolism (23.7%) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (16.9%) accounted for the two most common cardiovascular indications. Hemorrhage was the most common complication of ECMO reported (31.9%). Of 96 documented neonatal outcomes, 80 neonates (83.3%) survived while 88 of 97 (90.7%) mothers survived. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation appears to be a viable life support modality in pregnant and postpartum women with severe cardiopulmonary failure, but publication bias in our study cohort should be considered.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3411-3421, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: On December 8, 2019, many cases of pneumonia with unknown etiology were first reported in Wuhan, China, subsequently identified as a novel coronavirus infection aroused worldwide concern. As the outbreak is ongoing, more and more researchers focused interest on the COVID-19. Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the publications about COVID-19 to summarize the research hotspots and make a review, to provide reference for researchers in the world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a search in PubMed using the keywords "COVID-19" from inception to March 1, 2020. Identified and analyzed the data included title, corresponding author, language, publication time, publication type, research focus. RESULTS: 183 publications published from 2020 January 14 to 2020 February 29 were included in the study. The first corresponding authors of the publications were from 20 different countries. Among them, 78 (42.6%) from the hospital, 64 (35%) from the university and 39 (21.3%) from the research institution. All the publications were published in 80 different journals. Journal of Medical Virology published most of them (n=25). 60 (32.8%) were original research, 29 (15.8%) were review, 20 (10.9%) were short communications. 68 (37.2%) epidemiology, 49 (26.8%) virology and 26 (14.2%) clinical features. CONCLUSIONS: According to our review, China has provided a large number of research data for various research fields, during the outbreak of COVID-19. Most of the findings play an important role in preventing and controlling the epidemic around the world. With research on the COVID-19 still booming, new vaccine and effective medicine for COVID-19 will be expected to come out in the near future with the joint efforts of researchers worldwide.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 99-104, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135642

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of c-Met inhibitor AMG-102 on the proliferation and apoptosis of laryngeal squamous carcinoma Hep-2 cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods: Laryngeal squamous carcinoma cell line Hep-2 cells were treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 µmol/L AMG-102, respectively. The proliferation activities of Hep-2 cells were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT). The apoptotic rate of Hep-2 cells was detected by flow cytometry analysis and Hoechst staining. The mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase Chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the protein expressions of c-Met/PI3K/AKT pathway were detected by western blot. Results: Compared with the control group, the proliferation rates of Hep-2 cells treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 µmol/L AMG-102 for 24 hours were (89.8±1.1)%, (79.8±1.0)% and (69.1±1.2)%, respectively; for 48 hours were (76.8±2.0)%, (60.2±1.1)% and (49.8±1.2)%, respectively; for 72 hours were (50.1±2.0)%, (41.5±1.1)% and (33.6±1.0), respectively, with significant differences (all P<0.05). The apoptotic rates of Hep-2 cells treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 µmol/L AMG-102 for 48 hours were (16.09±1.53)%, (27.51±2.02)% and (36.57±1.42)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (3.62±0.10) % in the control group (all P<0.05). After treated with 2.5, 5 and 10 µmol/L AMG-102 for 48 hours, the relative expression levels of Bcl-2 mRNA in Hep-2 cells were 0.58±0.13, 0.38±0.12 and 0.20±0.13, respectively; the relative protein expression of p-Met were 80.0±3.8, 50.6±4.2 and 28.5±1.3, respectively; the relative protein expression of p-PI3K were 87.1±0.9, 54.2±1.2 and 21.0±1.2, respectively; the relative protein expression of p-AKT were 98.7±5.6, 56.9±3.2 and 32.2±4.3, respectively; which were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). The relative expression levels of Bax mRNA were 1.78±0.13, 2.37±0.14 and 3.05±0.13, respectively, and the relative expression levels of caspase-3 mRNA were 1.98±0.14, 2.47±0.14 and 3.15±0.13, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: c-Met inhibitor AMG-102 could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of laryngeal squamous carcinoma Hep-2 cells by regulating the c-Met/PI3K/Akt pathway.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(12): 909-917, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874548

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of c-Met inhibitor AMG-102 on proliferation and radiosensitivity in laryngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Methods: The effects of AMG-102 on proliferation and radiosensitivity of laryngeal squamous carcinoma cell lines Hep-2 and KBV200 were detected by 3-(4, 5-dimethy-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and colony formation assay, respectively. The apoptosis of Hep-2 and KBV200 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of c-Met, phospho-Met (p-Met), cleaved caspase-3 and Akt/p-Akt, Erk/p-Erk were detected by Western blot. Specific small interfering RNA targeting c-Met or plasmid of c-Met were transfected into Hep-2 and KBV200 cells to investigate the cell sensitivity to AMG-102. Results: Compared with KBV200 cells, Hep-2 cells were more sensitive to AMG-102 with IC(50) of 14 and 9 µmol/L, respectively. The relative expression levels of c-Met and p-Met proteins in Hep-2 cells were 194.48±0.57 and 177.76±1.53, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in KBV200 cells (171.24±1.00 and 115.37±0.56, respectively, P<0.001 for both). Exogenous hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was added to increase the expression level of p-Met protein in KBV200 cells. The results showed that AMG-102 significantly reduced the expression of p-Met in KBV200 cells treated with HGF (P<0.001). Compared with the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) group, AMG-102 treatment combined with radiotherapy significantly increased the radiosensitivity of Hep-2 cells (SER=1.28, P<0.001). However, AMG-102 had little effect on the radiosensitivity of KBV200 cells (SER=1.18, P=0.002). Compared with the 4 Gy radiotherapy alone group and the 5 µmol/L of AMG-102 alone treatment group, the apoptosis rate of Hep-2 cells in the combined treatment group was significantly increased. Meanwhile, the expression level of cleaved caspase-3 protein was also markedly increased. However, there were no significant changes in the apoptotic rate and cleaved caspase-3 expression in each treatment group of KBV200 cells. Compared with DMSO treatment group, the expression levels of p-Met, p-Akt and p-Erk were significantly decreased in the 4 Gy radiotherapy group, 5 µmol/L of AMG-102 treatment group and combined treatment group of Hep-2 cells. And the levels of p-Met, p-Akt and p-Erk in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the 4 Gy radiotherapy alone group and 5 µmol/L of AMG-102 treatment alone group. By contrast, in KBV200 cells, the expression of p-Met, p-Akt and p-Erk in each group was not changed. The relative expression of p-Met in Hep-2 cells before and after radiotherapy at 30 min, 1 h, 4 h, 8 h, 24 h were 99.89±0.61, 138.62±1.00, 163.07±5.00, 87.80±1.85, 90.67±0.65 and 94.09±1.41, respectively. The level of p-Met was slightly increased after radiotherapy at 30 min and 1 h (P<0.001 for all), whereas it was significantly decreased from 4 h to 24 h after radiotherapy (P<0.05 for all). By contrast, the expression of p-Met in KBV200 cells did not change with time after radiotherapy (P>0.05). The sensitivity of Hep-2 cells to AMG-102 was decreased after silencing of c-Met, while the sensitivity of KBV200 cells to AMG-102 was not significantly changed (P>0.05). Moreover, the radiosensitivity of Hep-2 cells in c-Met knockdown group had a slightly increasing trend (SER=1.07, P=0.068). After the treatment with 10 µmol/L of AMG-102, the proliferation rate of c-Met ectopically expressed KBV200 cells was 60.05%±3.23%, It was significantly lower than that of the blank control 90.08%±1.04% and siRNA negative control (90.12%±1.01%, P<0.001). The results suggested that the overexpression of c-Met in KBV200 cells increased the radiosensitivity to AMG-102, whereas depletion of c-Met resulted in resistance to AMG-102 in Hep-2 cells. Furthermore, the radiosensitivity of KBV200 cells that overexpressed c-Met showed a decreased trend (SER=0.7, P=0.005). Conclusions: c-Met inhibitor AMG-102 has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of c-Met overexpressing laryngeal squamous carcinoma cells, leading to increased radiosensitivity. It suggests that molecular targeted therapy against c-Met receptor is more effective in c-Met overexpressed subtype of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/radioterapia , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Tolerância a Radiação , Radioterapia
9.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(11): 113302, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779399

RESUMO

A Laser Ion Source (LIS) can produce high charge state and high intensity ion beams (∼emA), especially, refractory metallic ion beams, which makes it a promising candidate as an ion source for heavy ion cancer therapy facilities and future accelerator complexes, where pulsed high intensity and high charged heavy ion beams are required. However, it is difficult for the LIS to obtain a long pulse width while ensuring high current intensity, thus limiting the application of the LIS. To solve the conflict, magnetic fields are proposed to confine the expansion of the laser produced plasma. With a solenoid along the normal direction to the target surface, the lateral adiabatic expansion of the laser ablation plasma is suppressed which extends the pulse width of the ion beam effectively. The characteristics of laser ablation plasma with solenoid field confinement will be presented and discussed in this paper.

10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1124-1129, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683399

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between the whole blood riboflavin level and the occurrence, development and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in China. Methods: From March 2014 to September 2018, ESCC patients from three hospitals (the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Shantou University, Shantou Central Hospital in Southern Chaoshan area and First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in Northern Taihang Mountain) were selected as a case group; non-esophageal patients who had a physical examination were selected as a control group. The case and control group were paired by age (±5 years) and a 1:1 ration. A total of 1 528 subjects were enrolled including 764 patients in the case group and 764 patients in the control group. About 3-5 ml venous blood samples were collected, and the erythrocyte glutathione reductase activity coefficient (GRAC) was measured to assess the whole blood riboflavin level. A multivariate conditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between the GRAC and the risk of ESCC. The association between the GRAC and the prognosis of ESCC was analyzed by using Cox proportional risk regression model based on 288 patients with complete survival data. They were divided into two groups, the high GRAC group (GRAC≥7.87) group and the low GRAC group (GRAC<7.87) according to the strongest correlation between the total survival time, survival outcome and GRAC (GRAC=7.87). Results: Among the 1 528 patients, 958 patients were from Southern Chaoshan area, including 479 patients in the case group with an average age about (59.90±9.34) years and 479 patients in the control group with an average age about (59.55±8.77) years. Other 570 patients were from Northern Taihang Mountain area, including 285 patients in the case group with an average age (58.39±5.19) years and 285 patients in the control group with an average age about (58.74±4.57) years. The multivariate conditional logistic regression showed that the OR (95%CI) of the GRAC and the risk of ESCC was 1.009 (0.998-1.019). The Cox proportional hazard regression model analysis showed that the HR (95%CI) of the high GRAC group was 1.712 (1.034-2.824) compared with the low GRAC group in the 50-70 years group. Conclusion: The whole blood riboflavin level might not be associated with the occurrence of ESCC. The high whole blood riboflavin level would be more beneficial to the prognosis of ESCC patients aged 50-70 years.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Riboflavina/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 848-852, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694134

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the results of surgical treatment for endograft infection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEAVR). Methods: Clinical data of 7 patients underwent surgical treatment for endograft infection after TEAVR at Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Navy Medical University between January 2016 and December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 6 males and 1 female, aging (51.5±16.7) years (range: 25 to 68 years). The origin of the aortic disease was descending aortic aneurysm in 5 cases, and Stanford B aortic dissection in 2 cases. Abdominal aorta below the level of the diaphragm was not involved in all patients. Two patients received "chimney technology" for left subclavian artery procedures. Time to infection was 5(3) months (M(Q(R))) (range: 1 to 24 months). Aortic endograft infection was diagnosed with a combination of microbiology (positive blood cultures, except one with mycotic), radiological evidence and clinical evidence of sepsis. Two patients suffered from aorto-esophageal fistula received emergency surgery, others were treated with elective surgery. Extra-anatomic prosthetic graft bypass was used for reconstruction of aorta, infected endogarft and aorta was removed, sac drainage was performed. Aorto-esophageal fistula was procedured according to the degree of lesions. All patients received antibiotics with specialist advice for 6 to 8 weeks. Results: One patient died due to septic shock. In the follow-time (range: 6 to 24 months), 1 patient suffered from thoracic infection in 3 months after surgery, an other patient got iliac abscess after a month. Conclusions: Endograft infection after TEAVR is high risk but may be curative. Appropriate selection of patients for infected endograft explantation could get a satisfied results.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(19): 8321-8331, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths around the world. Recently, using the high-throughput techniques, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play an important role in CRC progression. In the present study, we aimed to determine lncRNA DLX6 Antisense RNA 1 (DLX6-AS1) in CRC tissues and cell lines and to investigate the molecular mechanisms of DLX6-AS1 in CRC progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect gene expression; cell counting kit-8, colony formation, cell invasion, and migration assays were performed to determine cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, respectively; caspase-3 activity assay kit was used to detect caspase-3 activity; in vivo tumor growth was evaluated in a nude mice xenograft model. RESULTS: DLX6-AS1 was up-regulated in 60 CRC tissues when compared to normal adjacent colorectal tissues, and high expression of DLX6-AS1 was correlated with advanced T stage and distant metastasis in CRC patients. The up-regulation of DLX6-AS1 was further confirmed in CRC cell lines. The gain-of-function assays showed that DLX6-AS1 overexpression promoted HCT116 cell proliferation, invasion, and migration, but inhibited cell apoptosis; while the loss-of-function assays showed that DLX6-AS1 knockdown exerted the opposite effects in SW480 cells. In vivo studies revealed that DLX6-AS1 knockdown suppressed tumor growth in the nude mice xenograft model. In addition, DLX6-AS1 overexpression caused an increase in the phosphorylated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (p-PI3K), p-AKT and p-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein levels, and DLX6-AS1 knockdown had the opposite effects. Blockade of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway by using mTOR inhibitor partially abolished the enhanced effects of DLX6-AS1 overexpression on CRC cell proliferation and metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our data indicated that DLX6-AS1 promoted CRC cell proliferation, invasion, and migration but inhibited cell apoptosis via targeting PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway, suggesting the key role of DLX6-AS1 in CRC progression.

13.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(10): 796-800, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648505

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the role of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in patients with colorectal carcinoma after natural orifce specimen extraction surgery (NOSES). Methods: From March 2017 to May 2018, 86 patients diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma and received NOSES at Tangshan Gongren Hospital were randomized to the control group and the observation group. Doctors utilized traditional interventions in the control group. In the observation group were orally administered with electrolyte solution for 12 hours before surgery, without gastrointestinal decompression tube routinely. Patients were fasting for 6 hours before surgery, 2 hours of water inhalation, and oral administration of 10% glucose 3 hours before surgery. During surgery, patients received intraoperative warming and controlled infusion volume. After operation, no drainage tube was placed, and multi-mode analgesia was used. The patient was given a fluid diet on the first day after surgery, and gradually transitioned to a normal diet. The intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph node dissection, operation time, hospitalization time, hospitalization expenses, first drinking time after surgery, diet time, exhaust time, time to get out of bed, pre-and post-operative self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score, postoperative Barthel index and complication were compared between the two groups. Results: The intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph node dissection, and operation time were almost the same between the two groups (all P>0.05). The hospitalization time (6.8±1.2 d versus 8.5±1.5 d) and expenses (58±10 thousand Yuan versus 69±12 thousand Yuan) were significantly reduced in The first drinking time after surgery(1.31±0.35 d versus 2.28±0.24 d), diet time(1.8±0.4 d versus 3.0±0.4 d), exhaust time(2.4±0.5 d versus 2.9±0.6 d), and time to get out of bed (12.0±2.4 d versus 16.8±2.5 d) were all earlier in the observation group (all P<0.05). The SAS and SDS score before the operation were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05), while post-operative SAS (57±7 versus 69±8) and SDS (57±4 versus 62±9) score were significantly decreased in the observation group (all P<0.05). The incidence rates of complication after surgery was 7.0%(3/43) in the observation group, which was significantly lower than the control group (27.9%, 12/43, P=0.011). Conclusion: The combination of NOSES and EARS could reduce stress response, complications, recovery time and expense after surgery, while improving the quality of life in these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Qualidade de Vida , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/psicologia , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 932-936, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630489

RESUMO

In recent years, the incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) keeps increasing. Siewert type II and type III AEG invades at 2-4 cm in the lower esophagus, and it has a higher rate of lower mediastinal lymph node metastasis. Lower mediastinal lymph node clearing through the abdomino-transhiatal (TH) approach is preferred, which can be accomplished by entering the lower mediastinum through the hiatus and mobilize the esophagus upward and the surrounding lymph and connective tissue for approximately 6.5 cm. Using the infracardiac bursa (IBC) as an anatomical landmark improves the safety and operability of the thorough dissection of the lower mediastinum. Total resection of the mesenterium at the esophagogastric junction can entirely dissect the lower mediastinal lymph nodes, which conforms to the safety principles in oncology.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Mesentério/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Humanos , Mediastino/patologia , Mediastino/cirurgia , Mesentério/patologia
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(33): 2575-2580, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510715

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of contrast-enhanced CT combined with texture analysis in differentiating pancreatic cancer from mass-forming pancreatitis in pancreatic head. Methods: A retrospective study collected 21 patients with pancreatic head mass-forming pancreatitis confirmed by surgery or biopsy and 47 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma confirmed by surgery. The patients visited the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine and the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College between January 2014 and December 2017. Gender, age and CT findings were collected. The parenchymal phase was selected for texture analysis. The minimum absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method was applied for dimensionality reduction.Two independent sample t-tests or Mann-Whitney U test were used for continuous variables based on the Shapiro-Wilks normality test results. Categorical variables were tested by Chi-square or Fisher test. By multivariable regression analysis, CT findings, CT texture analysis, CT findings combined with texture analysis prediction models were established. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of individual indicators and each prediction model. The Delong test was used to compare the area under the curve (AUC) of each model. Results: The CT findings prediction model consisted of CT value of lesion on pancreatic parenchymal phase and pancreatic duct penetrating sign. The texture analysis prediction model consists of root mean square and low grey level run emphasis_angle135. The AUC of them were not statistically different (Z=0.150,P>0.05). The combined predictive model had the better diagnostic performance (AUC 0.944, sensitivity 83.0%, specificity 95.2%, +LR 17.43, -LR 0.18) than CT sign prediction model (Z=2.008, P<0.05) and texture analysis prediction model(Z=2.236, P<0.05) were significantly different. Conclusions: The CT findings model and the texture analysis model have equivalent diagnostic performance in the differentiation of mass-forming pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. The enhanced CT combined with texture analysis model has the best diagnostic efficiency and can further improve the diagnostic ability.


Assuntos
Pancreatite , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(15): 6459-6466, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the potential effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TATDN1 on accelerating the proliferative rate and cell cycle progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) via sponging miRNA-6089, thus participating in the progression of HCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: TATDN1 expression in HCC tissues and normal tissues was first determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The correlation between TATDN1 expression to metastasis and overall survival of HCC was analyzed. The cellular level of TATDN1 in HCC cell lines was examined as well. Regulatory effects of TATDN1 on cell cycle progression and viability of HepG2 and SMMC7721 cells were evaluated. Subsequently, a potential target of TATDN1 was screened out and verified by Dual-Luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression pattern and biological function of the target gene miRNA-6089 in HCC were also determined. In a similar way, LIX1L was verified to be the target of miRNA-6089 and tested for its biological function in HCC. RESULTS: TATDN1 was upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. The overexpression of TATDN1 accelerated the proliferative rate and cell cycle progression of HCC. MiRNA-6089, the target gene of TATDN1, was lowly expressed in HCC. The overexpression of miRNA-6089 partially reversed the promotive role of TATDN1 in regulating the proliferation and cell cycle of HCC cells. Subsequently, LIX1L was verified to be the target of miRNA-6089. The overexpression of LIX1L partially reversed the regulatory effect of miRNA-6089 on the proliferative rate and cell cycle progression of HCC. CONCLUSIONS: TATDN1 accelerates the proliferative rate and cell cycle progression of HCC by degrading miRNA-6089 to upregulate LIX1L.

17.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(6): 456-458, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280540

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prevalence trend of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) infection in the Department of Burns of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (hereinafter referred to as the author's department) from 2015 to 2017, and to screen out the independent risk factors for sepsis in burn patients with KP infection. Methods: The clinical and bacteriological data of burn patients with KP infection from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 were collected from the author's department. The variation trend in infection rates of KP and carbapenems-resistant KP (CRKP) during the three years were statistically analyzed, and the data were processed with chi-square test. Clinical data were processed with binary logistic regression analysis to screen out the independent risk factors for sepsis in burn patients with KP infection. Results: (1) From 2015 to 2017, 91 patients (50 males and 41 females, aged 15-90 years) with KP infection were diagnosed in the author's department, of which 65 cases were CRKP positive, and 26 cases were carbapenems-sensitive KP positive. The KP infection rates of patients in 2015, 2016, and 2017 were 5.79% (35/605), 4.08% (23/564), and 5.54% (33/596), respectively. The CRKP infection rates of patients in 2015, 2016, and 2017 were 3.31% (20/605), 3.37% (19/564), and 4.36% (26/596), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in KP infection rate and CRKP infection rate of patients among the three years (χ(2)=2.007, 1.175, P>0.05). (2) Total burn area and CRKP infection were independent risk factors for sepsis in burn patients with KP infection (odds ratios=1.03, 5.88, 95% confidence intervals=1.01-1.05, 1.08-31.94, P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the infection rates of KP and CRKP in the author's department did not increase obviously, but the proportion of CRKP infection was high. CRKP infection is one of the independent risk factors for sepsis in burn patients with KP infection. Strengthening the prevention and treatment of CRKP infection may have certain value in decreasing the incidence of burn sepsis.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/complicações , Infecções por Klebsiella/epidemiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Sepse/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Queimaduras/microbiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(19): 1484-1489, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137139

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM DWI) in evaluating microstructure changes in elderly white matter hyperintensities (WMH) patients and to analyze the correlation between IVIM parameters and severity grading and cognitive scores. Methods: Sixty-two WMH patients in Zhejiang Hospital were collected from December 2014 to March 2018 and underwent conventional magnetic resonance (MR) plain scan and diffusion weighted imaging with different b values. The age was 60-92(74±10) years with 37 males, 25 females. The severity of WMH was assessed by T(2) fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence and Fazekas score,which were divided into two subgroups. Slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D(*)) and perfusion fraction (f) from IVIM parameters of double exponential model were compared between regions of WMH (deep WMH (DWMH) and periventricular WMH (PWMH)) and surrounding normal white matter (NWM).The Shapiro-Wilk test was used for normality tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests and Dwass-Steel-Critchlow-Fligner (DSCF) procedure were used for the comparison among these parameters. Furthermore, Wilcoxon two-sample test was used for the comparisons between different severity. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to determine whether these D, D(*), f values were correlated with the mini mental state examination (MMSE) scores. Results: D(D)WMH (0.83(0.72,0.99)×10(-3) mm(2)/s), D(PWMH)((1.13±0.25)×10(-3) mm(2)/s) were significantly higher than D(NWM) ((0.71±0.05)×10(-3) mm(2)/s)(P<0.01). f (DWMH) ((8.94%(7.46%,11.67%)), f (PWMH)(8.34%(6.73%,9.96%)) were significantly higher than f (NWM)(6.71%±1.72%)(P<0.01).D in DWMH were significantly lower than that in PWMH(P<0.01), there's no statistically difference between other groups. D in severe WMH (both DWMH and PWMH) were significantly higher than that in mild WMH (P=0.000 1, P=0.04). Only f in PWMH were positively associated with the MMSE scores (r=0.326 5,P<0.05). Conclusions: IVIM DWI can noninvasively assess the variation of microstructure diffusion and perfusion in WMH in one sequence,which may objectively reflect the severity of these lesions. This method has important clinical significance for better assessment and management of this disease.


Assuntos
Substância Branca , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Perfusão
20.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(2): 485-490, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892000

RESUMO

Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is one of the most common cardiovascular emergencies. With the improvement of living standards, the incidence and mortality rate of STEMI has shown a significant growth trend.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
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