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2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 108: 110515, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924037

RESUMO

Lappaconitine (LA), a potent analgesic drug extracted from the root of natural aconitum species, has been clinically used for years because of its effectiveness and non-addictive properties. However, it is mainly limited in oral and intravenous administration in the form of Lappaconitine Hydrobromide (LAH). In this work, Lappaconitine trifluoroacetate (LAF), a new derivative of LA, was successfully obtained by introducing organofluorine group to LA. This new compound had a lower toxicity (LD50 of 21.14 mg·kg-1), improved analgesic effect and longer half-life (T1/2 of 2.24 h) when compared with LAH. Moreover, in vitro transdermal permeation (Jss of 206.82 µg·cm-2·h-1) of LAF was 30.54% higher than that of LAH, means that LAF can be conveniently used for transdermal drug delivery (TDD). Therefore, drug membranes with PVA solution (10 wt%) containing LAF in various amounts were fabricated by electrospinning. The in vitro release tests confirmed that up to 81.43% of LAF in the PVA/LAF nanofibrous membranes could be released in 72 h, accompanied by significant analgesic effect when compared with the blank control group. In conclusion, the prepared LAF-loaded membrane is a novel formulation for the treatment of chronic and long-term pain.

3.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912171

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to distinguish the characteristics of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) originating from mechanics imbalance, biology disruption, and their communion, and to develop a composite IVDD model by ovariectomy combined with lumbar facetectomy for mimicking elderly IVDD with osteoporosis and lumbar spinal instability. Mice were randomly divided into four groups and subjected to sham surgery (CON), ovariectomy (OVX), facetectomy (mechanical instability, INS) or their combination (COM), respectively. Radiographical (n = 4) and histological changes (n = 8) of L4/5 spinal segments were analyzed. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was conducted to detect osteoclasts, and expression of osterix (OSX), type I collagen (Col I), type II collagen (Col II) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated by immunochemistry. OVX affected the body's metabolism but INS did not, as the body weight increased and uterus weight decreased in OVX and COM mice compared to CON and INS mice. OVX, INS, and COM caused IVDD in various degrees at 12 weeks after surgery. However, the major pathogeneses of OVX- and INS-induced IVDD were different, which focused on endplate (EP) remodeling and annulus fibrosus (AF) collapse, respectively. OVX induced osteopenia of vertebra. In contrast, INS promoted the stress-adaptive increase of subchondral bone trabeculae. The COM produced a reproducible severe IVDD model with characteristics of sparse vertebral trabeculae, cartilaginous EP ossification, subchondral bone sclerosis, fibrous matrix disorder, angiogenesis, disc stiffness, as well as space fusion. Additionally, all groups had elevated bone and cartilage turnover compared with CON group, as the quantity of trap + osteoclasts and the osteogenic OSX expression increased in these groups. Likewise, the VEGF expression levels were similar, accompanied by the altered matrix expression of disc, including the changed distribution and contents of Col II and Col I. The findings suggested that the composite mouse model to some extent could effectively mimic the interactions of biology and mechanics engaged in the onset and natural course of IVDD, which would be more compatible with the IVDD of elderly with vertebral osteoporosis and spinal instability and benefit to further clarify the complicated mechanobiological environment of elderly IVDD progression.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908155

RESUMO

Starfishes produce various structurally unique secondary metabolites with diverse biological activities. This review is an update summary of the new compounds and their bioactivities from starfish (the Asteroidea Class) with 71 references covering from January 2007 to December 2018. During this period, 216 new compounds were obtained from 36 species. The chemical constituents are mostly steroids, steroidal glycosides, and gangliosides. These components have been found to possess various bioactivities, including anticancer, anti-inflammation, etc.

5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(1): 42-46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants through a multicenter clinical study. METHODS: A total of 1 829 infants, aged 1-12 months, who attended the outpatient service of the pediatric department in six hospitals in Shenzhen, China from June 2016 to May 2017 were enrolled as subjects. A questionnaire survey was performed to screen out suspected cases of CMPA. Food avoidance and oral food challenge tests were used to make a confirmed diagnosis of CMPA CMPA. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for CMPA. RESULTS: Among the 1 829 infants, 82 (4.48%) were diagnosed with CMPA. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal food allergy (OR=4.91, 95%CI: 2.24-10.76, P<0.05), antibiotic exposure during pregnancy (OR=3.18, 95%CI: 1.32-7.65, P<0.05), and the introduction of complementary food at an age of <4 months (OR=3.55, 95%CI: 1.52-8.27, P<0.05) were risk factors for CMPA, while exclusive breastfeeding (OR=0.21, 95%CI: 0.08-0.58, P<0.05) and the introduction of complementary food at an age of >6 months (OR=0.38, 95%CI: 0.17-0.86, P<0.05) were protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of complementary food at an age of <4 months, maternal food allergy, and antibiotic exposure during pregnancy are risk factors for CMPA in infants.

6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933032

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the role of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) in patients with proliferative and membranous lupus nephritis (LN). Patients hospitalized with LN from July 2014 to December 2017 were selected. Levels of serum IgG, IgA, and IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) antibodies, anti-ß2-glycoprotein I (anti-ß2-GPI) antibodies, and lupus anticoagulant (LAC) were measured. Other clinical and pathological data were obtained at the time of hospitalization for diagnosis. Overall, 75 patients with proliferative LN and 31 patients with membranous LN were analyzed. Significant differences were found between the two groups in the detection rates of aCL antibodies (45.3% vs 22.7%, p = 0.029) and IgG-aCL antibodies (40% vs 12.9%, p = 0.007). The aCL antibody-positive proliferative LN patients (n = 34) had lower serum complement C3 and C4 levels (p = 0.010 and p = 0.021, respectively) and higher intensity of complement C1q deposition in kidney tissue than the aCL antibody-negative proliferative LN patients (n = 41) (p = 0.003). Our work suggests that aCL antibodies, especially IgG-aCL antibodies, may play a role in the damage caused by proliferative LN, and this process may involve the classical pathway of complement activation.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 32, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM), defined as a capability of aggressive tumor Cells to mimic embryonic vasculogenic networks, caused poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Rho kinases (ROCK), p21-activated kinase (PAK), hypoxia or epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributed to the VM potential. However, the details underlying these biological behaviors have not been completely elucidated. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier analysis was conducted to predict relationship with hypoxia Inducible factor (HIF-1α), EMT related markers: Vimentin and patient prognosis. CD34/periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) double staining was examined to differentiate VM-positive (VM+) and VM-negative (VM-) samples. Cells were cultured under controlled hypoxic environments (1% O2) or normoxic conditions. The effect of hypoxia on RhoA/ROCK, Rac1/PAK and EMT were evaluated by real time-qPCR and western blot. HIF-1α small interfering RNA (siRNA), overexpressed or short hairpin RNA (shRNA) of ROCK and kinase inhibitors were used to explore the effect of HIF-1α, RhoA/ROCK, Rac1/PAK and Vimentin on VM. RESULTS: HIF-1α or Vimentin was upregulated in VM+ HCC tissues, compared to non-cancerous tissues (P < 0.01), and patients with high expression of HIF-1α or Vimentin had worse prognosis (P < 0.001). We showed hypoxia induced RhoA/ROCK and Rac1/PAK signaling transduction, and EMT could be repressed by HIF-1α siRNA. Notably, RhoA/ROCK or Rac1/PAK stabilized HIF-1α in hypoxia, whereas HIF-1α did not significantly altered RhoA/ROCK or Rac1/PAK signaling in hypoxia. Moreover, we found distinct roles of ROCK1, ROCK2 and PAK in regulating Vimentin phosphorylation. CONCLUSIONS: RhoA/ROCK and Rac/PAK signaling played crucial roles in hypoxia-induced VM via Ser72 and Ser56 Vimentin phosphorylation in HCC.

8.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 48(1): 326-335, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878795

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is a frequently happened malignancy in human endocrine system. Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) presents 70-80% of all thyroid cancer cases. Herein, we probed the possible oncogenic function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) highly up-regulated in liver cancer (HULC) in PTC. First, the HULC and microRNA-106a (miR-106a) expressions in PTC tissues and cells were tested. Plasmids or miRNAs transfections were done for altering HULC and miR-106a expressions. Then, cells viability and apoptosis, along with cell proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities, were tested, respectively. The PI3K/AKT and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways activities were measured. Finally, the animal model of PTC was constructed and the tumour volumes and weights were gauged. We discovered that HULC and miR-106a had relative high expression levels in PTC tissues and cells. HULC overexpression enhanced TPC-1 cells viability and cell proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities. Silencing HULC induced TPC-1 cell apoptosis. miR-106a engaged in the oncogenic impacts of HULC. Moreover, HULC overexpression boosted PI3K/AKT and Wnt/ß-catenin pathways activities via raising miR-106a expression. Besides, HULC overexpression enhanced the volumes and weights of PTC tumours. To sum up, HULC exhibited oncogenic function on PTC in vitro and in vivo.

9.
Life Sci ; 242: 117175, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843528

RESUMO

AIMS: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been widely used in the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) with chronic liver fibrosis, but its detailed mechanism remains unclear. This study was aimed to determine whether autophagic signaling is involved in the therapeutic effect of UDCA on liver fibrosis. METHODS: By using hepatic stellate cell (HSC) line LX2 and CCl4-induced fibrotic rat model, autophagy signaling was investigated by western blotting and mRFP-EGFP-LC3 tandem fluorescent tagged plasmid (ptfLC3) transfection technique. Anti-fibrotic profile was determined by western blotting, qRT-PCR, MTT assay, trypan blue, hydroxyproline assay and Masson staining. KEY FINDINGS: TGFß1 treatment decreased P62 accumulation and increased both autophagosomes and autolysosomes in LX2 cells, thereby elevated autophagic flux. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), antagonist of autophagy, was found to dramatically inhibit COL1A2 mRNA expression and cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. This coincides with the effect of UDCA intervention on collagen aggradation and cell viability. Meanwhile, UDCA inhibited TGFß1-induced autophagy flux. And rapamycin, agonist of autophagy, was found to impair the anti-fibrotic effect of UDCA. Moreover, study in vivo showed that UDCA alone or in combination with HCQ restored the CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in rodent models with autophagy inhibited profile. SIGNIFICANCE: Taken together, our study revealed that UDCA displays anti-fibrotic role by protecting HSC against production of collagen and inhibiting cellular viability involving autophagy inhibition and provide a new insight into the pharmacological basis of UDCA treatment for hepatic fibrosis.

10.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808033

RESUMO

Ketamine is widely used in infants and young children for anesthesia, and subanesthetic doses of ketamine make neurons form new protrusions and promote synapse formation. However, the precise pathological mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that ketamine administration significantly increased dendritic spine density and maturity in rat cortical neurons in vivo and in vitro. Western blot analysis showed that CRMP2 protein expression was significantly increased in cerebral cortex of ketamine group, and phosphorylation levels of CRMP at Thr514 and Ser522 were significantly reduced. Furthermore, overexpression of CRMP2 promoted the growth of cortical neuron processes and dendritic spines. Although the dendritic field was more complex after adding ketamine and the density of dendritic spines increased, there was no statistical difference and no obvious superposition effect was observed. Moreover, both Ser522 mutant construction of CRMP2, GFP-CRMP2-522D, and mcherry-CDK5 showed similar inhibitory effects on neurite outgrowth, which could be rescued by ketamine. The frequency and amplitude of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) were significantly inhibited when GFP-CRMP2-522D and mCherry-CDK5 were transfected into cortical neurons and this trend could also be rescued by ketamine. In general, this study reveals a new mechanism by which ketamine promotes the growth and development of dendritic spines in developing cortical neurons.

11.
Nano Lett ; 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816244

RESUMO

Batteries using lithium (Li) metal as the anode are considered promising energy storage systems because of their high specific energy densities. The crucial bottlenecks for Li metal anode are Li dendrites growth and side reactions with electrolyte inducing safety concern, low Coulombic efficiency (CE), and short cycle life. Vinylene carbonate (VC), as an effective electrolyte additive in Li-ion batteries, has been noticed to significantly enhance the CE, whereas the origin of such an additive remains unclear. Here we use cryogenic transmission electron microscopy imaging combing with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy elemental and electron energy loss spectroscopy electronic structure analyses to reveal the role of the VC additive. We discovered that the electrochemically deposited Li metal (EDLi) in the VC-containing electrolyte is slightly oxidized with the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) being a nanoscale mosaic-like structure comprised of organic species, Li2O and Li2CO3, whereas the EDLi formed in the VC-free electrolyte is featured by a combination of fully oxidized Li with Li2O SEI layer and pure Li metal with multilayer nanostructured SEI. These results highlight the possible tuning of crucial structural and chemical features of EDLi and SEI through additives and consequently direct correlation with electrochemical performance, providing valuable guidelines to rational selection, design, and synthesis of additives for new battery chemistries.

12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 10107-10115, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819643

RESUMO

Introduction: Laryngeal cancer is the most common head and neck cancer worldwide. It is urgent to identify the mechanisms underlying laryngeal cancer pathogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the biological functions of Peripherin 2 (PRPH2) in laryngeal cancer and uncovered the molecular mechanism underlying this disease. Methods: Laryngeal cancer tissues were used to analyze the expression of PRPH2. In vitro transwell matrigel invasion assay and annexin V anoikis assay in laryngeal cancer cells were conducted to investigate PRPH2 related biological functions. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were performed to investigate the expression and mechanism of PRPH2 in laryngeal cancer. Results: We found that the expression of PRPH2 was significantly downregulated in laryngeal cancer tissues. Overexpression of PRPH2 suppressed the invasion and anoikis inhibition of laryngeal cancer cells. Furthermore, PRPH2 overexpression increased the phosphorylation of YAP and LATS1 and decreased the activities of Rho GTPases, while PRPH2 knockdown had opposite effects. Inhibitors of the Hippo pathway abrogated PRPH2 knockdown-induced laryngeal cancer cell invasion and anoikis inhibition. Discussion: These results suggested that PRPH2 suppresses laryngeal cancer cell invasion and anoikis inhibition by activating Hippo signalling. PRPH2 may serve as a potential therapeutic target for laryngeal cancer in the future.

13.
Curr Microbiol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802202

RESUMO

Morels are precious and rare edible mushroom, which contain 61 species. It is difficult to identify the species of morels based on morphological characteristics. In recent years, morels cultivation technology has made great progress, Morchella sextelata has been cultivated in China widely. In this study, a PCR-based approach was developed for identification of Morchella sextelata, based on a 190-bp segment of internal transcribed spacer (ITS). The species-specific primer, MS1F/MS1R, was designed based on the alignment of sequence obtained from the 20 representative cultivated body fruit of Morchella sextelata as well as 10 sequence data available in Genbank. Verifying the species-specific primer pair demonstrated generation of an amplicon from extracted DNA of Morchella sextelata. The primer pair was also applied and tested for five other species of morels and eight common mushrooms from other genus. This novel PCR assay allowed a rapid and effective quality evaluation of Morchella sextelata.

14.
Asian J Surg ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Thoracic injuries commonly occur after blunt or penetrating trauma, leading to a blowing wound. For thoracic damage control in emergency, we evaluated a novel chest wound treatment device manufactured using expandable material with a one-way valve, and compared it with closed thoracic drainage for first-line treatment of traumatic pneumothorax in a canine model. METHODS: Twenty beagle dogs (10 males and 10 females) were randomly and equally divided into two groups. After arteriovenous catheterization, an open pneumothorax model was established in the beagle dog using a minimally invasive procedure. The experimental group was treated using our test device, while the control group was treated by closed thoracic drainage. Animal survival, oxygen saturation (SO2), oxygen pressure (PO2), and changes in chest radiograph with reference to open pneumothorax before and after intervention were recorded at 30, 60, and 120 min. RESULTS: After a 24-h experimental period, all animals survived. The control group recovered more quickly than the experimental group at 30 min post-trauma. However, the indices were close to normal 120 min after the test device was inserted. During the puncture, chest-wall hemorrhage was stopped by using the device, whereas the control group experienced continual errhysis. The lung had almost re-expanded at the end of the experiment in both groups. The effect of pulmonary re-expansion in the control group was better than that in the experimental group at 120 min. CONCLUSION: The novel expandable one-way valve device is a safe and useful tool for the treatment of open chest trauma in emergency based on our animal experiment.

15.
J Pain Res ; 12: 2999-3012, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807057

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the central analgesia mechanism of moxibustion for chronic inflammatory visceral pain (CIVP). Methods: A CIVP rat model was established by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) plus 50% ethanol via enema. The analgesic effect of moxibustion was evaluated using the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR), mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT), and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL). The expression profile of phosphorylated proteins of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in the spinal cord was assayed by protein microarray. The differentially expressed proteins were examined by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) for functional clusters and corresponding signaling pathways. Results: Moxibustion exerted a significant analgesic effect for CIVP rats, mainly presenting as a decrease in the AWR score (all P<0.01) under different levels of distending pressure and an increase in MWT and TWL thresholds (all P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, 76 proteins were upregulated while 15 were downregulated, and MAPK signaling pathway was activated in the model group. Compared with the model group, there were 53 downregulated and 38 upregulated proteins in the moxibustion group, and MAPK signaling pathway was inhibited. Fold change (FC)>1.3 or <0.77 was taken as the screening standard to define the differentially expressed proteins. Fifteen differentially expressed proteins upregulated in the model group were downregulated in the moxibustion group. GO analysis showed that the differentially expressed proteins mainly controlled cellular metabolism regulation, transportation, and stress reactions. KEGG analysis revealed that these differentially expressed proteins were mostly involved in the ERK, JNK, and p38 pathways, and the ERK pathway was predominant. Conclusion: Moxibustion mitigates CIVP in rats and inhibits the phosphorylation of proteins in the spinal MAPK signaling pathway. The analgesic effect of moxibustion may be associated with the regulation of the spinal MAPK signaling pathway.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832711

RESUMO

Autophagy is a highly conserved catabolic process and participates in a variety of cellular biological activities. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, as a critical regulator of autophagy, is involved in the initiation and promotion of a series of pathological disorders including various tumors. Autophagy also participates in regulating the balance between the tumor and the tumor microenvironment. Natural products have been considered a treasure of new drug discoveries and are of great value to medicine. Mounting evidence has suggested that numerous natural products are targeting PI3K/AKT/mTOR-mediated autophagy, thereby suppressing tumor growth. Furthermore, autophagy plays a "double-edged sword" role in different tumors. Targeting PI3K/AKT/mTOR-mediated autophagy is an important therapeutic strategy for a variety of tumors, and plays important roles in enhancing the chemosensitivity of tumor cells and avoiding drug resistance. Therefore, we summarized the roles of PI3K/AKT/mTOR-mediated autophagy in tumorigenesis, progression, and drug resistance of tumors, which may be utilized to design preferably therapeutic strategies for various tumors.

17.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Capsular contracture, mainly caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) biofilm formation, is a complex problem for breast cancer patients who undergo surgical prosthetic breast reconstruction. Estradiol has been reported to be involved in the formation of bacterial biofilms. Thus, the underlying mechanism of estradiol in capsular contracture needs to be investigated. METHODS: Biofilm-related gene expressions were measured by qRT-PCR after sterilizing the silicone with bacterial suspension and E2 treatment in vitro. Rat models were established with bilateral ovariectomy operations and estradiol subcutaneous injections. The effects of estradiol on capsular contracture were detected by monitoring serum estradiol levels, bacterial infection rate in organs, biofilm formation and capsular contracture in vivo; inflammatory factors in vivo were examined as well. Biofilm on the silicone implants was observed under a scanning electron microscope. RESULTS: Both positive regulatory genes and negative regulatory genes were increased by the high concentration of estradiol, suggesting that estradiol can promote the formation of biofilm by not only positive but also negative regulations. High estradiol levels increased bacterial infection rate in organs, biofilm formation and capsular contracture. Further, high estradiol caused a large number of inflammatory cells to infiltrate and caused serious inflammatory reactions that aggravate the immune imbalances of the host. CONCLUSION: High estradiol levels contribute to increasing capsular contracture caused by S. epidermidis biofilm formation. NO LEVEL ASSIGNED: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(11): 3771-3776, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833690

RESUMO

Suitable nitrogen application rate can significantly increase grain filling rate and yield and improve nutritional quality. Denghai 518 (DH518) and Zhengdan 958 (ZD958) were used as experimental materials in this study. A field experiment with four treatments, no nitrogen treatment (N0), decrement nitrogen application rate (N1, 129 kg N·hm-2), suitable nitrogen rate (N2, 184.5 kg N·hm-2) and excessive nitrogen rate (N3, 300 kg N·hm-2), was conducted to explore the effects of nitrogen fertilization on grain filling parameters and nutritional qualities of summer maize. Results showed that grain filling characteristics, grain dry weight, and yield in N0 treatment was decreased. With increasing nitrogen application rate in the suitable range, average filling rate, grain dry weight, and yield increased. Grain yield of two hybrids in N1 and N2 treatments was higher than that of N0 by 16.4%-57.2% and 35.8%-65.1%, respectively. Grain protein, soluble sugar, starch contents and the ratio of amylopectin and amylase contents were lower and crude fat content was higher in N0 treatment. Grain protein content, soluble sugar content and starch content in N2 of DH518 were higher than that of N0 and N1 by 32.5% and 6.5%, 19.9% and 9.5%, 8.9% and 5.2%, and the ratio of amylopectin and amylose contents was increased. Grain protein, soluble sugar and starch contents in N2 of ZD958 were higher than that of N0 and N1 by 16.9% and 7.8%, 30.5% and 14.8%, 11.5% and 5.7%, and the ratio of amylopectin and amylase contents was increased. Crude fat content in N2 of both hybrids decreased significantly by 4.8%-12.3% than that of N0 and N1. However, yield and nutritional quality was increased in N3 treatment than that of N2. Our results suggested that suitable nitrogen rate could enhance grain filling, grain weight, and grain nutritional quality.

19.
Foodborne Pathog Dis ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829730

RESUMO

Background: Three severe acute gastroenteritis patients were identified within a 5-h period in a sentinel hospital enrolled in the foodborne pathogen surveillance project in Beijing. All patients had high fever (over 38.5°C), diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and headache. Methods: Ten grams of fresh patient stool sample and 25 g of six suspected foods were collected for real-time PCR screening for 10 major pathogens. Bacterial isolation was performed. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted for all the isolates. Whole-genome sequences of the three Campylobacter coli isolates were compared using whole-genome MLST. Results: All stool samples were positive for C. coli, as revealed by PCR. Eleven of the C. coli isolates had the same PFGE and ST type. All isolates were resistant to nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, streptomycin, and tetracycline, consistent with the findings of the in silico antibiotic resistance gene profiling. Most coding sequences (99%, 1736/1739) were identical among the three sequenced isolates, except for three frameshift-mutated genes caused by the simple sequence repeats (poly-Gs). Conclusions: This was likely a single-source outbreak caused by a group of highly clonal C. coli. This was the first outbreak of severe gastroenteritis caused by C. coli in China.

20.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 81(1)2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study's aim was to examine the prevalence and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) longitudinally among high school students with different genotypes of the leptin gene (LEP) rs7799039 after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The symptoms of PTSD were measured by the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) based on DSM-IV-TR criteria in 462 students at 6, 12, and 18 months after the earthquake. The genotypes of LEP rs7799039 were identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses in 2018 using genomic DNA prepared in 2008 and stored at -80°C and verified by DNA sequencing. The association of LEP genotypes with PTSD was then analyzed by various statistical methods. RESULTS: The AA homozygotes had higher prevalence of PTSD than the G allele carriers at 12 months (22.30% vs 10.53%, P = .013) and higher median (interquartile range [IQR]) PCL-C scores at 12 (27.00 [24.00-35.75] vs 26.00 [22.00-31.25], P = .010) and 18 months (27.00 [21.00-32.00] vs 24.00 [19.00-29.00], P = .003) post-earthquake among female subjects. Female students had higher PCL-C scores than male subjects at 6 and 12 months regardless of the genotypes but only among the AA homozygotes at 18 months (27.00 [21.00-32.00] vs 22.00 [18.00-26.00], P = .000). The potential risk factors for and predictors of PTSD severity differed at different time points during follow-up. LEP rs7799039 was a potential factor for PTSD at 12 months and a predictor of PTSD severity at 18 months post-earthquake. CONCLUSIONS: An association of LEP rs7799039 with the prevalence and severity of PTSD in Chinese adolescents was observed. These results indicate that females with the LEP rs7799039 AA genotype had more severe PTSD characteristics compared to female G allele carriers, suggesting that psychosocial or pharmacologic managements may particularly be needed by these female subjects.

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