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1.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(1): 42-46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants through a multicenter clinical study. METHODS: A total of 1 829 infants, aged 1-12 months, who attended the outpatient service of the pediatric department in six hospitals in Shenzhen, China from June 2016 to May 2017 were enrolled as subjects. A questionnaire survey was performed to screen out suspected cases of CMPA. Food avoidance and oral food challenge tests were used to make a confirmed diagnosis of CMPA CMPA. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for CMPA. RESULTS: Among the 1 829 infants, 82 (4.48%) were diagnosed with CMPA. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal food allergy (OR=4.91, 95%CI: 2.24-10.76, P<0.05), antibiotic exposure during pregnancy (OR=3.18, 95%CI: 1.32-7.65, P<0.05), and the introduction of complementary food at an age of <4 months (OR=3.55, 95%CI: 1.52-8.27, P<0.05) were risk factors for CMPA, while exclusive breastfeeding (OR=0.21, 95%CI: 0.08-0.58, P<0.05) and the introduction of complementary food at an age of >6 months (OR=0.38, 95%CI: 0.17-0.86, P<0.05) were protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of complementary food at an age of <4 months, maternal food allergy, and antibiotic exposure during pregnancy are risk factors for CMPA in infants.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Leite , Animais , Bovinos , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Proteínas do Leite , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Oncotarget ; 7(45): 73792-73799, 2016 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27655715

RESUMO

To investigate potential dosimetric benefits and treatment efficiency of dynamic conformal arc therapy (DCA), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and double partial arcs Rapidarc (RA) techniques in the treatment of early-stage peripheral lung cancer using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with flattening filter free (FFF) beams. Twenty early-stage peripheral lung cancer patients were selected. For each patient, DCA, IMRT and RA plans were created to meet Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0915 objectives with 48 Gy covering 95% of the planning target volume (PTV) in 4 fractions. PTV coverage, organs at risk (OARs) doses, planning time, monitor units (MU) and treatment time were evaluated. RA was significantly better than DCA for PTV coverage. RA provided a lower V32Gy to chest wall and less V20Gy to lung over those of DCA and IMRT. For other OARs, there is no significant difference among all three techniques. DCA plans showed significantly less planning time, shorter treatment time and lower MU number than those of RA and IMRT. RA provides a superior dosimetric benefit to DCA and IMRT in the treatment of early-stage lung cancer using SBRT with FFF beams. Considering the MU number, planning time and treatment efficiency, DCA technique is an effective treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radiometria , Radiocirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Radiometria/métodos , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15361, 2015 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26497620

RESUMO

Homogeneous target dose distribution in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for sinonasal cancer (SNC) is challenging to achieve. To solve this problem, we established and evaluated a basal-dose-compensation (BDC) optimization approach, in which the treatment plan is further optimized based on the initial plans. Generally acceptable initial IMRT plans for thirteen patients were created and further optimized individually by (1) the BDC approach and (2) a local-dose-control (LDC) approach, in which the initial plan is further optimized by addressing hot and cold spots. We compared the plan qualities, total planning time and monitor units (MUs) among the initial, BDC, LDC IMRT plans and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans. The BDC approach provided significantly superior dose homogeneity/conformity by 23%-48%/6%-9% compared with both the initial and LDC IMRT plans, as well as reduced doses to the organs at risk (OARs) by up to 18%, with acceptable MU numbers. Compared with VMAT, BDC IMRT yielded superior homogeneity, inferior conformity and comparable overall OAR sparing. The planning of BDC, LDC IMRT and VMAT required 30, 59 and 58 minutes on average, respectively. Our results indicated that the BDC optimization approach can achieve significantly better dose distributions with shorter planning time in the IMRT for SNC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Seios Paranasais/patologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 17(1): 35-9, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25616290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the change in serum adiponectin levels and its significance in children with Kawasaki disease (KD). METHODS: Forty-five KD patients were enrolled in this study, including 18 with coronary artery lesions (CAL group) and 27 without coronary artery lesions (NCAL group). Twenty healthy children were recruited to the control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum adiponectin levels, and an automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). RESULTS: The serum adiponectin levels in the CAL and NCAL groups were significantly lower than in the control group during the acute phase, subacute phase, and recovery phase (P<0.01), with lower levels observed during the acute phase and subacute phase (P<0.01). Compared with the NCAL group, the CAL group had significantly higher serum levels of adiponectin during the acute phase and recovery phase (P<0.05). The levels of TC, HDL, and LDL in the NCAL and CAL groups were significantly lower than in the control group (P<0.05). The levels of serum adiponectin in KD patients were positively correlated with the levels of TC, TG, and C-reactive protein and the occurrence of CAL (r=0.31, 0.30, 0.34, and 0.35, respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Children with KD have metabolic disorders of blood lipids and reduced serum adiponectin levels. Reduced serum adiponectin levels may be the result of systemic inflammation, while increased adiponectin levels may be closely associated with the occurrence of CAL.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 30(22): 1725-7, 1766, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16468364

RESUMO

Systems biology is a new field in biology that aims at system-level understanding of biological systems. Based on the remarkable progress from molecular biology, systems biology focuses its research on investigating the biological systems to form their entirety. Considering the trend of TCM modernization and the coherence on the point of holism between systems biology and TCM, a comprehensive way for the research of TCM modernization was referred, which involves a new concept, componentomics.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Modelos Biológicos , Biologia de Sistemas , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/tendências , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos , Biologia de Sistemas/tendências
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