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1.
Food Chem ; 370: 131363, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656023

RESUMO

The distribution and processing factors (PFs) of herbicides in cold-/hot-pressed soybean samples (n = 3) were studied on the laboratory scale. The hot-pressing process was found to have a significant effect on herbicide degradation in soybean samples. Specifically, for highly water-soluble pesticides with pKow > 2 in soybean oil, the PF values were generally > 1. Nonlinear curve fitting revealed that the PFs of herbicides in soybean oil were positively correlated with their octanol-water partition coefficients, but negatively correlated with their water solubility and melting points. A principal component analysis confirmed the dominant parameters among the herbicide PFs during soybean oil production. Using the physicochemical parameters of pesticides, the developed multiple linear regression model gave a fitting accuracy of ≥0.80 for predicting the theoretical PF values of pesticides in soybean oil products (0.39 < RMSE < 0.58). Thus, this model may be applicable for safety risk assessments and establishing maximum residue limits for pesticides in processed products.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Praguicidas , Octanóis , Praguicidas/análise , Solubilidade , Óleo de Soja
2.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131596, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346326

RESUMO

One of the primary drivers of Phosphorus (P) limitation in aquatic systems is P adsorption to sediments. Sediments adsorb more P in freshwater compared to other natural solutions, but the mechanism driving this difference is poorly understood. To provide insights into the mechanism, we conducted batch experiments of P adsorption to calcite in freshwater and seawater, and used computer software to develop complexation models. Our simulations revealed three main reasons that, combining together, may explain the greater P adsorption to calcite in freshwater vs. seawater. First, aqueous speciation of P makes a difference. The ion pair CaPO4- is much more abundant in freshwater; although seawater has more Ca2+ ions, MgHPO40 and NaHPO40 are more thermodynamically favored. Second, the adsorbing species of P make a difference. The ion pair CaPO4- (the preferred adsorbate in freshwater) is able to access adsorption sites that are not available to HPO42- (the preferred adsorbate in seawater), thereby raising the maximum concentration of P that can adsorb to the calcite surface in freshwater. Third, water chemistry affects the competition among ions for surface sites. Other ions (including P) compete more effectively against CO32- when immersed in freshwater vs. seawater, even when the concentration of HCO3-/CO32- is higher in freshwater vs. seawater. In addition, we found that under oligotrophic conditions, P adsorption is driven by the higher energy adsorption sites, and by the lower energy sites in eutrophic conditions. This study is the first to model P adsorption mechanisms to calcite in freshwater and seawater.


Assuntos
Carbonato de Cálcio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Água Doce , Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 265: 120402, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562864

RESUMO

A series of novel La9.31Si6.24O26:Er3+,Yb3+ (LS:Er3+,Yb3+) luminescent materials have been successfully synthesized by conventional solid-state reaction method. The phases, morphologies and upconversion (UC) luminescence properties were systematically researched by XRD, SEM, PL spectra, etc. The optimum Yb3+ concentration in LS:1%Er3+,xYb3+ was determined to be ×  = 15%, above which the concentration quenching effect appeared due to the increasing energy back transfer from Er3+ to Yb3+. Meanwhile, the FIR technique (by using I522/I554 and I660/I522 of Er3+) was employed to study the temperature-sensing performance. As the rise of temperature for all the different Yb3+ concentrations, the values of the absolute sensitivity SA increased first and then decreased by utilizing I522/I554, but showed continuous decrease by using I660/I522. For the relative sensitivity SR, it has been found that the SR values for all the samples exhibited gradual decrease with rising temperature. Besides, the experiment of the heating-cooling cycles between 283 and 523 K proved that the LS:Er3+,Yb3+ material has good reversibility and repeatability. The above results indicated that the LS:Er3+,Yb3+ may be a potential candidate for optical temperature sensor.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 677-687, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416457

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Transition metal supported TiO2 is one of the hottest catalysts in the field of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides. Various formulas have been put forward for an enhanced activity. However, seldom work emphasizes on easy and fast screening of an effective catalyst. EXPERIMENTS: In this work, Diffuse Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (DRIFTS) screened catalyst by analyzing intermediates during SCR. FINDINGS: TiO2 provided main adsorption sites for NH3 and the "Eley-Rideal" mechanism dominated the catalysis. The transition metals served as the bridge of electron transport. Moreover, the area reduction rate of adsorbed NH3 and NH4+ species in DRIFTS represented the electron-transfer rate as well as catalytic activity. In other words, a faster area reduction indicated a better SCR activity. Therefore, this work supplied a fast strategy to screen the most effective catalyst among different materials even without using a nitrogen oxides detector. At the same time, less ammonia and nitrogen oxides were used or discharged.


Assuntos
Amônia , Adsorção , Catálise , Análise de Fourier , Oxirredução
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150310, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583082

RESUMO

Phthalates (PAEs) accumulated in agricultural soils and rice have increased human exposure risks. Microbial degradation could efficiently reduce the residue of organic pollutants in soil and crop plants. Here, we hypothesized that endophytic bacteria from wild rice have the potential for degradation of PAEs and plant growth promoting. The endophytic bacterial community and functional diversity in wild rice (Oryza meridionalis) were analyzed for the first time, and the potential for PAE degradation and plant growth promoting by endophytes were investigated. The results of Illumina high-throughput sequencing revealed that abundant endophytes inhabited in wild rice with Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria being the dominant phyla. Endophytic bacterial diversity and complexity were confirmed by isolation and clustering of isolates. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis demonstrated that endophytes exerted diverse functions such as plant growth promoting, xenobiotics biodegradation, pollution remediation and bacterial chemotaxis. Pure culture experiment showed that 30 isolated endophytic strains exhibited in vitro plant growth promoting activities, and rice plants inoculated with these strains confirmed their growth promoting abilities. Some endophytic strains were capable of efficiently degrading PAEs, with the highest removal percentage of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) up to 96.1% by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain L381 within 5 days. Synthetic community F and strain L381 rapidly removed DBP from soil (removing 91.0%-99.2% within 10 d and from rice plant slurry (removing 93.4%-99.2% within 5 d). These results confirmed the hypothesis and demonstrated the diversity of endophytic bacteria in wild rice with diverse functions, especially for plant growth promoting and removing PAEs. These multifunctional endophytic bacteria provided good alternatives to reduce PAE accumulation in crops and increase yield.


Assuntos
Oryza , Bactérias/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Endófitos , Humanos , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Raízes de Plantas
6.
Atmos Res ; 265: 1-11, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857979

RESUMO

Fast and accurate prediction of ambient ozone (O3) formed from atmospheric photochemical processes is crucial for designing effective O3 pollution control strategies in the context of climate change. The chemical transport model (CTM) is the fundamental tool for O3 prediction and policy design, however, existing CTM-based approaches are computationally expensive, and resource burdens limit their usage and effectiveness in air quality management. Here we proposed a novel method (noted as DeepCTM) that using deep learning to mimic CTM simulations to improve the computational efficiency of photochemical modeling. The well-trained DeepCTM successfully reproduces CTM-simulated O3 concentration using input features of precursor emissions, meteorological factors, and initial conditions. The advantage of the DeepCTM is its high efficiency in identifying the dominant contributors to O3 formation and quantifying the O3 response to variations in emissions and meteorology. The emission-meteorology-concentration linkages implied by the DeepCTM are consistent with known mechanisms of atmospheric chemistry, indicating that the DeepCTM is also scientifically reasonable. The DeepCTM application in China suggests that O3 concentrations are strongly influenced by the initialized O3 concentration, as well as emission and meteorological factors during daytime when O3 is formed photochemically. The variation of meteorological factors such as short-wave radiation can also significantly modulate the O3 chemistry. The DeepCTM developed in this study exhibits great potential for efficiently representing the complex atmospheric system and can provide policymakers with urgently needed information for designing effective control strategies to mitigate O3 pollution.

7.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 10(1): 52, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MET amplification plays an important role in the development of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) either de novo or in resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) settings. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the standard method for MET amplification. With more and more discoveries of oncogenic driver genes, next-generation sequencing (NGS) plays a significant role in precision oncology. Meanwhile, the role of NGS in MET amplification remains uncertain. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC were included. FISH and NGS were conducted prior to MET inhibitors treatment. MET amplification by FISH was defined as a MET/CEP7 ratio of > 2.0 and/or copy number (CN) > 5. MET amplification by NGS was defined as gene copy number (GCN) ≥ 5. RESULTS: The concordance rate among FISH and NGS was 62.5% (25/40). MET amplification identified by FISH showed the optimal predictive value. The partial response (PR) rate was 68.0% (17/25 with MET amplification) vs. 6.7% (1/15 without MET amplification); the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.4 months versus 1.0 months (P < 0.001). MET amplification identified by NGS failed to distinguish significant clinical outcomes. The PR rate was 60.0% (6/10, with MET GCN ≥ 5) vs. 40.0% (12/30, with MET GCN < 5); the median PFS was 4.8 months vs. 2.2 months (P = 0.357). The PR rate was 68.8% (11/16) and the median PFS was 4.8 months in patients with focal amplification by NGS. CONCLUSIONS: MET amplification identified by FISH remains the optimal biomarker to identify suitable candidates for MET-TKI therapy. In comparison, amplification identified by NGS seems not as robust to be effective predictive biomarker. Further exploration is needed regarding the focal amplification by NGS in predicting the efficacy.

8.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 344, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759279

RESUMO

Macrophages play a vital role in the development of atherosclerosis. Previously, we have found that swiprosin-1 was abundantly expressed in macrophages. Here, we investigated the role of swiprosin-1 expressed in macrophages in atherogenesis. Bone marrow transplantation was performed from swiprosin-1-knockout (Swp-/-) mice and age-matched ApoE-/- mice. Atherosclerotic lesion, serum lipid, and interleukin-ß (IL-ß) levels were detected. In vitro, the peritoneal macrophages isolated from Swp-/- and wild-type mice were stimulated with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and the macrophage of foam degree, cellular lipid content, apoptosis, inflammatory factor, migration, and autophagy were determined. Our results showed that swiprosin-1 was mainly expressed in macrophages of atherosclerotic plaques in aorta from ApoE-/- mice fed with high-cholesterol diet (HCD). The expression of swiprosin-1 in the foaming of RAW264.7 macrophages gradually increased with the increase of the concentration and time stimulated with ox-LDL. Atherosclerotic plaques, accumulation of macrophages, collagen content, serum total cholesterol, LDL, and IL-ß levels were decreased in Swp-/- → ApoE-/- mice compared with Swp+/+ → ApoE-/- mice fed with HCD for 16 weeks. The macrophage foam cell formation and cellular cholesterol accumulation were reduced, while the lipid uptake and efflux increased in macrophages isolated from Swp-/- compared to wild-type mice treated with ox-LDL. Swiprosin-1 deficiency in macrophages could inhibit apoptosis, inflammation, migration, and promote autophagy. Taken together, our results demonstrated that swiprosin-1 deficiency in macrophages could alleviate the development and progression of AS. The role of swiprosin-1 may provide a promising new target for ameliorating AS.

9.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784846

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Currently, the definitive treatment modality for HCC is radical resection. However, HCC cells possess biological characteristics of high invasion and metastasis. In this respect, to prevent cancer cell invasion and metastasis and early active intervention, we herein screened through the TCGA database for further prognostic analysis including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The Kaplan-Meier curve suggested that Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 (CDK4) might be an independent prognostic factor for HCC. Moreover, we performed mRNA expression analysis to measure CDK4 levels in normal liver tissues and HCC tissues, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis to detect protein level of CDK4 in Non-tumor tissue and HCC tissues collected from patients. Our findings indicated that the expression of CDK4 was significantly higher in tumor tissues compared with Non-tumor tissue in HCC, which increased from HCC stage 1 to 3. Furthermore, the results of transwell-assay indicated that knocking down CDK4 significantly suppresses the invasion and migration of HCC cells, and the results of bioinformatics analysis revealed that genes closely associated with CDK4 are potentially worthy of further investigation. Additionally, the results of Western Blot indicated CDK4 regulates epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HCC,and CDK4 appears to regulate EMT and HCC progression via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Collectively, this study found the key target gene through bioinformatic analysis and further functional validation through cell experiments. In particular, CDK4 is anticipated to become a crucial hub gene to snipe the metastasis of cancer cells in HCC.

10.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 771750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790638

RESUMO

Introduction: The reference interval for pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) in neonates born at high altitudes has not been defined to date. The purpose of this study was to systematically review published studies and determine the reference interval of SpO2 in neonates at different altitudes. Methods: Databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.Gov, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Wanfang Database, Chinese Science Technology Journals Database, and Chinese Clinical Trial Registry were searched for studies reporting SpO2 in healthy neonates at different altitudes. Retrieval time was from inception of the database to August 16, 2021. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality checklist was used to evaluate the quality of studies. Python v3.8 was used to analyze the data. This systematic review was drafted in accordance with the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Results: Seven cross-sectional studies, published between 1991 and 2020, were identified. They were from US, Mexico, Israel, Ecuador, and China. Three studies were rated as high quality and four as moderate quality. The mean SpO2 (with standard deviation or standard error) of neonates born in 40 different altitudes (ranging from 25 meters to 3,100 meters) were obtained. The prediction equation for calculation of the lower limit of the reference interval was established, and the reference intervals for SpO2 at different altitudes were determined. Conclusions: In healthy neonates, the lower limit of the reference interval of SpO2 decreases with increase in altitude. High-quality prospective studies are need to confirm our findings.

12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21874, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750552

RESUMO

The present study demonstrated the protective effects of low-molecular-weight adipose-derived stem cell-conditioned medium (LADSC-CM) in a mouse model of dry eye syndrome. Mice subjected to desiccating stress and benzalkonium chloride had decreased tear secretion, impaired corneal epithelial tight junction with microvilli, and decreased conjunctival goblet cells. Topical application of adipose-derived stem cell-conditioned medium (ADSC-CM) stimulated lacrimal tear secretion, preserved tight junction and microvilli of the corneal epithelium, and increased the density of goblet cells and MUC16 expression in the conjunctiva. The low-molecular-weight fractions (< 10 kDa and < 3 kDa) of ADSC-CM (LADSC-CM) provided better protections than the > 10 kDa or > 3 kDa fractions of ADSC-CM. In the in vitro study, desiccation for 10 min or hyperosmolarity (490 osmols) for 24 h caused decreased viability of human corneal epithelial cells, which were reversed by LADSC-CM. The active ingredients in the LADSC-CM were lipophobic and stable after heating and lyophilization. Our study demonstrated that LADSC-CM had beneficial effects on experimental dry eye. It is worthy of further exploration for the active ingredient(s) and the mechanism.

13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 699127, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722246

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the value of synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (syMRI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), DCE-MRI, and clinical features in breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) 4 lesions, and develop an efficient method to help patients avoid unnecessary biopsy. Methods: A total of 75 patients with breast diseases classified as BI-RADS 4 (45 with malignant lesions and 30 with benign lesions) were prospectively enrolled in this study. T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), T2WI, DWI, and syMRI were performed at 3.0 T. Relaxation time (T1 and T2), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), conventional MRI features, and clinical features were assessed. "T" represents the relaxation time value of the region of interest pre-contrast scanning, and "T+" represents the value post-contrast scanning. The rate of change in the T value between pre- and post-contrast scanning was represented by ΔT%. Results: ΔT1%, T2, ADC, age, body mass index (BMI), menopause, irregular margins, and heterogeneous internal enhancement pattern were significantly associated with a breast cancer diagnosis in the multivariable logistic regression analysis. Based on the above parameters, four models were established: model 1 (BI-RADS model, including all conventional MRI features recommended by BI-RADS lexicon), model 2 (relaxation time model, including ΔT1% and T2), model 3 [multi-parameter (mp)MRI model, including ΔT1%, T2, ADC, margin, and internal enhancement pattern], and model 4 (combined image and clinical model, including ΔT1%, T2, ADC, margin, internal enhancement pattern, age, BMI, and menopausal state). Among these, model 4 has the best diagnostic performance, followed by models 3, 2, and 1. Conclusions: The mpMRI model with DCE-MRI, DWI, and syMRI is a robust tool for evaluating the malignancies in BI-RADS 4 lesions. The clinical features could further improve the diagnostic performance of the model.

14.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0255666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752472

RESUMO

We examine the learning effects of borrowers' failures in online lending. Based on funding ratios of borrowers' loan listings in online lending, we first explore the role of failure degree in borrowers' future funding performance. Further, we disaggregate borrowers' funding failure into complete failure and incomplete failure, and compare theirs learning effects. Using a large sample of 610,000 online loan applications over six years from a Chinese leading online lending platform Renrendai, we use funding ratio to quantifiably measure each loan listing's failure degree and conduct a series of tests. The results show that: (1) Borrowers' failure degree of prior loan applications is negatively associated with one's subsequent funding performance. (2) Borrowers' complete failure cannot promote learning, while incomplete failure is good for future performance. (3) Both incomplete failure and complete failure interacted to influence the value of each type of experience and generate improved learning. Our results are robust across a variety of settings. The study sheds light for deeply understanding of failure learning phenomenon, and can also provide important implications for online lending managers to support successful financial transactions.

15.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 746317, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760889

RESUMO

Background: NLRP3 inflammasome contributes a lot to sterile inflammatory response and pyroptosis in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are regarded as semi-professional inflammatory cells and they exert an immunomodulatory role in heart. Iguratimod provides a protective role in several human diseases through exerting a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. However, it is still unclear whether iguratimod could alleviate myocardial I/R injury and whether inflammation triggered by NLRP3-related pyroptosis of CFs is involved in this process. Methods: Transcriptomics analysis for GSE160516 dataset was conducted to explore the biological function of differentially expressed genes during myocardial I/R. In vivo, mice underwent ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 24 h reperfusion. In vitro, primary CFs were subjected to hypoxia for 1 h followed by reoxygenation for 3 h (H/R). Iguratimod was used prior to I/R or H/R. Myocardial infarct area, serum level of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), pathology of myocardial tissue, cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and the expression levels of mRNA and protein for pyroptosis-related molecules were measured. Immunofluorescence was applied to determine the cellular localization of NLRP3 protein in cardiac tissue. Results: During myocardial I/R, inflammatory response was found to be the most significantly enriched biological process, and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling was a crucial pathway in mediating cardiac inflammation. In our experiments, pretreatment with iguratimod significantly ameliorated I/R-induced myocardial injury and H/R-induced pyroptosis of CFs, as evidenced by reduced myocardial infarct area, serum cTnI level, and LDH release in supernatants, as well as improved pathology of cardiac tissue and cell viability. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that NLRP3 was mainly localized in CFs. Moreover, iguratimod inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pyroptosis-related molecules, including NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, and GSDMD-N. Conclusion: Our results suggested that inflammatory response mediated by NOD-like receptor signaling is of vital importance in myocardial I/R injury. Iguratimod protected cardiomyocytes through reducing the cascade of inflammation in heart by inhibiting cardiac fibroblast pyroptosis via the COX2/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

16.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763518

RESUMO

Scarlet Beebalm (Monarda didyma) is a perennial ornamental flowering plant in the mint family, Labiatae. Due to low-maintenance, and a long blooming period, it is commonly cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant in China. In May 2021, a disease was observed on the leaves of a capitals beebalm plant in a Ten Mile Flower Sea in Xiayi county (116°13'8″E, 34°14'45″N), Henan province of China. Symptoms first appeared as nearly circular, small, white, powdery mildew-like spots on the leaves which gradually expand, covering the entire leaves. The lesions spread from the lower leaves to the upper canopy, and the stems were also covered by white mycelia. In severe cases, early defoliation occured. About 30% plants were affected. Representative voucher specimens (SQNUMd04, SQNUDn4) were deposited in the herbarium of Shangqiu Normal University (SQNU), Shangqiu, China. Conidiophores (n = 30) were cylindrical, 92.0 to 142.2 µm long and 10.8 to 14.2 µm wide, and produced 5 to 7 immature conidia in a chain. Foot-cells of conidiophores were mostly curved at the base. Conidia (n = 30) were hyaline, ellipsoid, 23.3 to 29.8 µm (avg. 26.6 µm) long, and 11.2 to 16.9 µm (avg. 14.5µm) width, a length/width ratio of 1.5 to 2.1, and germ tubes were produced at the perihilar position. No chasmothecia were observed. Based on morphological comparison using the description by Scholler et al. (2016) description the fungus was tentatively identified as Golovinomyces monardae (G.S. Nagy) M. Scholler, U. Braun & Anke Schmidt. For molecular identification, DNA was extracted from mycelia and conidia, which were collected by scraping symptomatic leaves.The ITS regions and LSU were amplified using primers ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990) and NL1/NL4 (Horisawa et al. 2013). BLASTn analysis of the (MZ303741) and LSU (MZ305434) sequences showed 100% identity with those of G. monardae (AB307667, LC076800, LC076802, LC076808, and AB077691) reported on Monarda species (Matsuda et al. 2003; Takamatsu et al. 2013; Scholler et al. 2016). Pathogenicity tests were carried out by gently dusting conidia from infected leaves onto healthy leaves of five M. didyma plants and five non-inoculated plants used as controls. After 9 days, typical powdery mildew colonies started to appear on the inoculated leaves while control plants remained disease free. All plants were placed in a greenhouse without temperature and humidity control. Based on morphology, fungus was identified as the same as that used for inoculum, fulfilling Koch's postulates. Although G. monardae has been reported on various genera in the Labiatae and Verbenaceae (Farr and Rossman 2021), to our knowledge, this is the first report of G. monardae causing powdery mildew of Scarlet Beebalm(M. didyma) in China.

17.
Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As inpatients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), identifying high-risk patients requiring thromboprophylaxis is critical to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with VTE. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the validities of the Padua Prediction Score and Caprini risk assessment model (RAM) in predicting the risk of VTE in inpatients with AECOPD. METHODS: The inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from seven medical centers of China between September 2017 and January 2020. Caprini and Padua scores were calculated on admission, and the incidence of 3-month VTE was investigated. RESULTS: Among the 3277 eligible patients with AECOPD, 128 patients (3.9%) developed VTE within 3 months after admission. The distribution of the study population by the Caprini risk level was as follows: high, 53.6%; moderate, 43.0%; and low, 3.5%. The incidence of VTE increased by risk level as high, 6.1%; moderate, 1.5%; and low, 0%. According to the Padua RAM, only 10.9% of the study population was classified as high risk and 89.1% as low risk, with the corresponding incidence of VTE 7.9% and 3.4%, respectively. The Caprini RAM had higher area under curve (AUC) compared with the Padua RAM (0.713  0.021 vs 0.644 ± 0.023, P = 0.029). CONCLUSION: The Caprini RAM was superior to the Padua RAM in predicting the risk of VTE in inpatients with AECOPD and might better guide thromboprophylaxis in these patients.

18.
Hepatology ; 2021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic ischemia reperfusion (HIR) injury, a common clinical complication of liver transplantation and resection, affects patient prognosis. RNF5 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays important roles in endoplasmic reticulum stress, unfolded protein reactions, and inflammatory responses; however, its role in HIR is unclear. APPROACH & RESULTS: RNF5 expression was significantly downregulated during HIR in mice and hepatocytes. Subsequently, RNF5 knockdown and overexpression cell lines were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation challenge. The results shown that RNF5 knockdown significantly increased hepatocyte inflammation and apoptosis, while RNF5 overexpression had the opposite effect. Furthermore, hepatocyte-specific RNF5 knockout and transgenic mice were established and subjected to HIR, and RNF5 deficiency markedly aggravated liver damage, cell apoptosis, and activated hepatic inflammatory responses. While hepatic RNF5 transgenic mice had the opposite effect compared with RNF5 knockout mice. Mechanistically, RNF5 interacted with PGAM5 and mediated the degradation of PGAM5 through K48-linked ubiquitination, thereby inhibiting the activation of ASK1 and its downstream JNK/p38. This eventually suppresses the inflammatory response and cell apoptosis in HIR. CONCLUSION: We revealed that RNF5 protected against HIR via its interaction with PGAM5 to inhibit the activation of ASK1 and the downstream JNK/p38 signaling cascade. Our findings indicate that the RNF5-PGAM5 axis may be a promising therapeutic target for HIR.

19.
Clin Exp Med ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741679

RESUMO

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) have been a devastating actuality in clinic. However, the pre-onset risk factors, that correlated with pregnancy failure, including antiphospholipid antibodies (APLs) and angiogenic factors, remain unclear. A retrospective study was performed in this research, and data from 145 pregnant women were collected during their pregnancy. Patients were finally divided into non-APO group (n = 89) and APO group (n = 56) according to their pregnancy outcomes. The associations among their characteristics, laboratory tests, therapies, and outcomes were analyzed. Univariate analysis demonstrated that patients with APOs showed significant prevalence of lupus anticoagulant (LAC) positive (P < 0.001), antiphospholipid syndrome (P = 0.030), and heparin prior to pregnancy (P = 0.041). LAC positive was correlated with shorter gestational age (P = 0.043) and gestational weeks of pre-term delivery (P = 0.011). Increased ratio of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1/placental growth factor in pregnancies with APLs was correlated with the APOs and worse neonatal outcomes, including gestational age (P = 0.028), fetal death (P = 0.011), gestational weeks of pre-term delivery (P = 0.002), and birth weight percentile (P = 0.016). Angiogenic markers in pregnancies with APLs were correlated with the incidence of APOs.

20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(47): 14278-14286, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797979

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg) plays important roles in photosynthesis, sucrose partitioning, and biomass allocation in plants. However, the specific mechanisms of tea plant response to Mg deficiency remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of Mg deficiency on the quality constituents of tea leaves. Our results showed that the short-term (7 days) Mg deficiency partially elevated the concentrations of polyphenols, free amino acids, and caffeine but decreased the contents of chlorophyll and Mg. However, long-term (30 days) Mg-deficient tea displayed decreased contents of these constituents. Particularly, Mg deficiency increased the index of catechins' bitter taste and the ratio of total polyphenols to total free amino acids. Moreover, the transcription of key genes involved in the biosynthesis of flavonoid, caffeine, and theanine was differentially affected by Mg deficiency. Additionally, short-term Mg deficiency induced global transcriptome change in tea leaves, in which a total of 2522 differentially expressed genes were identified involved in secondary metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and chlorophyll metabolism. These results may help to elucidate why short-term Mg deficiency partially improves the quality constituents of tea, while long-term Mg-deficient tea may taste more bitter, more astringent, and less umami.

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