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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394524

RESUMO

Microfluidic chip with nano-scale structures has shown great potential, but the fabrication and cost issues restrict its application. Here, we propose a conceptually new "DNA nanolithography in microfluidic chip" by using sub-10 nm three-dimensional DNA structures (TDNs) as frameworks with a pendant aptamer at the top vertex (ApTDN-Chip). The nano-scale framework ensures the aptamer with a highly ordered upright orientation, avoiding the undesired orientation or crowding effects caused by conventional microfluidic interface fabrication processes. Compared with a monovalent aptamer modified chip, the capture efficiency of ApTDN-Chip was enhanced nearly 60% due to the highly precise dimension and rigid framework of TDNs. In addition, the confined tetrahedral nanostructure scaffolds make DNase I more accessible to aptamer with up to 83% release efficiency and 91% cell viability, which is fully compatible with downstream molecular analysis. Overall, "DNA nanolithography in microfluidic chip" provides a novel perspective to engineer nano-scaffolds to achieve a more ordered nano-topography of microfluidic chip.

2.
Anal Chem ; 92(7): 5178-5184, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148021

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) undergoing epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) play an essential role in metastasis and have a better correlation with poor disease outcomes, but the most current affinity-based enrichment methods rely on targeting epithelial markers, which are less effective in capturing CTCs undergoing EMT. Herein, we identified and optimized an aptamer (ZY5C) sequence with high binding affinity and specificity against cell surface vimentin (CSV), which is overexpressed on the post-EMT CTCs. Not only can the hairpin-structured ZY5C aptamer specifically recognize a number of cancer cells with native CSV expression, but it can also bind to CSV expressed on EMT-cells. The Kd value of the ZY5C aptamer against CSV-positive T24 cells was found to be 38 ± 4 nM. Using the evolved ZY5C aptamer and multivalent ZY5C aptamer-functionalized chip, we were able to isolate CTCs from the blood of adenocarcinoma, sarcoma, and carcinosarcoma patients. Overall, this ZY5C aptamer and isolation method bring a fresh approach to CTCs analysis, which not only detects CTCs from nonepithelial origin, but also provides an efficient way to in-depth study the role of post-EMT CTCs in clinical application and metastasis mechanisms.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(10): 4800-4806, 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049531

RESUMO

The ubiquitous biomembrane interface, with its dynamic lateral fluidity, allows membrane-bound components to rearrange and localize for high-affinity multivalent ligand-receptor interactions in diverse life activities. Inspired by this, we herein engineered a fluidic multivalent nanointerface by decorating a microfluidic chip with aptamer-functionalized leukocyte membrane nanovesicles for high-performance isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). This fluidic biomimetic nanointerface with active recruitment-binding afforded significant affinity enhancement by 4 orders of magnitude, exhibiting 7-fold higher capture efficiency compared to a monovalent aptamer functionalized-chip in blood. Meanwhile, this soft nanointerface inherited the biological benefits of a natural biomembrane, minimizing background blood cell adsorption and maintaining excellent CTC viability (97.6%). Using the chip, CTCs were successfully detected in all cancer patient samples tested (17/17), suggesting the high potential of this fluidity-enhanced multivalent binding strategy in clinical applications. We expect this bioengineered interface strategy will lead to the design of innovative biomimetic platforms in the biomedical field by leveraging natural cell-cell interaction with a natural biomaterial.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 190: 110126, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918251

RESUMO

Tetramethyl thiuram disulfide (thiram) is a dithiocarbamate pesticide used for crop protection and storage. But, it's widespread utilization is associated with deleterious growth plate cartilage disorder in broilers termed as avian tibial dyschondroplasia (TD). TD results in non-mineralized and less vascularized proximal tibial growth plate cartilage causing lameness and poor growth performance. This study investigated the therapeutic potential of puerarin against thiram toxicity in TD affected chickens. One-day-old broiler chickens (n = 240) were alienated into three equal groups i.e. control, TD and puerarin (n = 80) and were offered standard feed. Additionally, TD and puerarin groups were offered thiram at 50 mg/kg of feed from 4 to 7 days for TD induction followed by puerarin therapy at 120 mg/kg to puerarin group only from 8 to 18 days for TD treatment. Thiram feeding to TD and puerarin group chickens caused lameness, mortality, and increased the aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and growth plate (GP) size and upregulated HIF-1α expression. Besides, the production parameters, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels and the expressions of TIMP-3 and BCL-2 were decreased (p < 0.05). Puerarin alleviated lameness, enhanced angiogenesis and growth performance and serum and antioxidant enzymes, decreased apoptosis and recuperated GP width by significantly downregulating HIF-1α and upregulating the TIMP-3 and BCL-2 mRNA and protein expressions in puerarin group chickens (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the toxic effects associated with thiram can be mitigated using puerarin.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais/toxicidade , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Tiram/toxicidade , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Galinhas/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Lâmina de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/induzido quimicamente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-3/metabolismo
5.
J Org Chem ; 85(2): 594-602, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790224

RESUMO

A tandem catalytic strategy for the asymmetric synthesis of spirocyclopentanone pyrazolones bearing three contiguous stereocenters and two quaternary carbons with good stereoselectivities has been developed. This strategy, using pyrazolones as efficient C1 synthons and involving a polarity reversal process, not only overcame the energy barrier of the dearomatization process but also avoided nucleophilic addition of the hydroxy group in the enol form tautomer. Futhermore, spirocyclopentanones could be transformed into spirocyclohexamide pyrazolone with the Lawesson reagent.

6.
Anaerobe ; 61: 102115, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711887

RESUMO

Yak (Bos grunniens), a ruminant, has a complex gastrointestinal microbial ecosystem, which is essential for host nutrition and health. However, not much is known about gut microbial communities of yak. This study was conducted to characterize the gut microbial diversity and composition of small intestinal and cecal contents of yaks through high-throughput sequencing targeting V3-V4 hypervariable region of 16S rRNA gene. A total of 916,934 high-quality sequences were obtained and 224 core operational taxonomic units (OTUs) shared all samples. The result showed that the microbial community in the small intestine was different from cecum sample. In all samples, the majority of bacterial phyla were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria. A large proportion of anaerobes in the families Peptostreptococcaceae, Prevotellaceae, Flavobacteriaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Succinivibrionaceae were present in the various intestinal segments. The relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae, Bacteroidaceae and Muribaculaceae were significantly higher in cecum than in other segments of intestines. At the genus level, Bacteroides was the most predominant genus in cecum. The results indicated that yak have abundant and diverse gut microbial community. In conclusion, this study characterized the profiles of microbial communities across intestinal segments and provide better insight into microbial population structure and diversity of yak.

7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(6): 6628-6636, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873907

RESUMO

Thiram is a widely known tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) inducer. TD, a common metabolic cartilage disease, presents in rapidly growing poultry birds. There are evidences that miRNAs are involved in diverse aspects of normal skeletal development, but very less is known about the role of miRNAs in TD. Therefore, this study aimed to determine which genes and pathways show differential expression between TD suffered chickens and normal chickens. We collected growth plates from ten-days-old TD chickens and control chickens and performed high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Afterwards, target prediction, GO annotation and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out to understand the role of DEMs (differentially expressed microRNAs). We obtained 96,884,760 and 94,574,290 clean reads and identified 17 significant DEMs between the TD and control groups. Functional enrichment analysis of DEMs indicated that the putative targets of miRNAs were remarkably enriched in bone-related pathways, such as Notch, MAPK and Autophagy. Overall, this study provides detailed understanding about the pathogenesis of thiram induced TD and new insights towards the molecular mechanism of miRNAs.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Tiram/toxicidade , Animais , Galinhas , Lâmina de Crescimento , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Tíbia
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109575, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442808

RESUMO

Tibial Dyschondroplasia (TD), a metabolic disease of fast growing poultry birds that effects the growth of bone and cartilage, is characterized by anorexia, mental depression and lameness. Wnt/ß-catenin pathway can mediate the occurrence of TD, and previous study showed the therapeutic effect of TanshinoneⅡA to TD Broilers. However there is no report about the effect of TanshinoneⅡA treating TD broiler chicken through wnt/ß-catenin pathway. The objective of this study was to explore the potential mechanism of how Tanshinone II A treats TD. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to study histologic pathology of growth plates. Key gene expressions were tested by western blot and reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR. Results compared with control groups, showed the TD broilers' growth plate performed significantly better by treating with TanshinoneⅡA. After chickens treated by TanshinoneⅡA, the gene and protein expression of WNT5α and BMP-2 were increased (P < 0.05), but the ß-catenin were decreased (P < 0.05), which are all key genes expressed in wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Therefore, TanshinoneⅡA can potentially treat TD by affecting the expression of genes in wnt/ß-catenin pathway and it has availability to use as treatment for TD broilers.


Assuntos
/uso terapêutico , Lâmina de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , /farmacologia , Animais , Galinhas , Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/induzido quimicamente , Osteocondrodisplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Osteocondrodisplasias/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , Tiram/toxicidade , Tíbia
9.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(9)2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443437

RESUMO

Avian tibial dyschondroplasia affects fast growing broiler chickens accounting for almost 30% of leg ailments in broilers. The present project was designed to assess the efficacy of osthole against avian tibial dyschondroplasia (TD). Two hundred and forty chickens were equally allocated into control, TD and osthole groups (n = 80). The TD and osthole group chickens were challenged with tetramethylthiuram disulfide (thiram) at 50 mg/kg of feed from 4-7 days, followed by osthole administration at 20 mg/kg orally to the osthole group only from 8-18 days. Thiram feeding resulted in lameness, increased mortality, and decreased production parameters, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) levels, along with significantly increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and growth plate size. Moreover, the genes and protein expressions of BMP-2 and RUNX-2 were significantly down-regulated in TD affected chickens (p < 0.05). Osthole administration showed promising results by alleviating lameness; increased ALP, SOD, T-AOC, and GSH-Px levels; and decreased the AST, ALT, and MDA levels significantly. It restored the size of the growth plate and significantly up-regulated the BMP-2 and RUNX-2 expressions (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the oxidative stress and growth plate anomalies could be assuaged using osthole.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(13)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261680

RESUMO

Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a widely applied traditional Chinese medicine ingredient which can be used for the treatment of osteoporosis. In this experiment, we investigated the potential therapeutic effect of chlorogenic acid on thiram-induced tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) and explored the underlying mechanisms that have been rarely mentioned by others yet. Performance indicator analysis and tibial parameter analysis showed that CGA exhibited a definite positive effect on thiram-induced TD chickens. In order to further explore the mechanisms underlying the positive actions of CGA, apoptotic, autophagic genes and MMPs involved in matrix mineralization of growth plate were evaluated in this study. The results showed that CGA decreased the expression of pro-apoptotic genes caspases-3 and caspases-9, leading to the reduction of apoptotic cells accumulated in growth plate. In addition, CGA also increased the level of BECN1, an important gene involved in autophagy, which benefits the survival of abnormal cells. Furthermore, CGA also increased the expression of MMP-9, MMP-10, and MMP-13, which can directly affect the ossification of bones. Altogether, these results demonstrate that CGA possesses a positive therapeutic effect on thiram-induced TD via modulating the expression of caspases and BECN1 and regulating the degradation of ECM (extracellular matrix).


Assuntos
Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Ácido Clorogênico/uso terapêutico , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose , Autofagia , Proteína Beclina-1/genética , Caspases/genética , Caspases/metabolismo , Galinhas , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacologia , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/etiologia , Tiram/toxicidade , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tíbia/metabolismo , Tíbia/patologia
11.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(21): 21828-21834, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134545

RESUMO

The effect of selenium on excessive fatty acid-induced apoptosis and abnormal amino acid metabolism in the liver is well known, because it is an important site in the fatty acid metabolism pathway. However, the protective role of nano-elemental selenium (nano-Se) supplementation against hexavalent chromium (K2Cr2O7)-induced abnormal fatty acid metabolism has not been evaluated yet. Therefore, we conducted chicken experiments with different nano-Se supplementation doses to investigate the role of nano-Se against Cr(VI)-induced adverse effects. For this purpose, a total of 120 1-day-old chicks were randomly divided into control group, Cr(VI)-exposed group, protection group, treatment group, prevention group, and nano-Se control group. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the nano-Se supplementation notably downregulated (P < 0.01) the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels of fatty acid synthase (FASN), whereas nano-Se supplementation significantly upregulated (P < 0.01) the mRNA expression level of acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 (ACOX1) in chicken's liver at day 35 of the experiment. Similar results were further verified by western blot analysis. Moreover, nano-Se supplementation significantly enhanced and reduced the antibody expression levels of ACOX1 and FASN in immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Thus, finally, it was concluded that nano-Se can alleviate K2Cr2O7-induced abnormal fatty acid metabolism in chicken's liver.


Assuntos
Galinhas/metabolismo , Cromo/toxicidade , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Acil-CoA Oxidase/genética , Acil-CoA Oxidase/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/genética , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Selênio/administração & dosagem , Selênio/química
12.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(3): 907-910, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To resect benign tumors on the palpebral margin using an improved minimally invasive surgery, and to observe the outcome and analyze the possible healing mechanism of this improved surgical technique. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with a benign tumor on the palpebral margin measuring 2- to 10 mm in diameter were included in this study. The tumors were resected along their edge and basal layer, causing minimal damage to the surrounding structures. Postoperative outcome measures included the following: the wound status, epithelial healing, eyelash growth, recurrence, and complications. Postoperative follow-up time points were 1 day, 7 days, 14 days, 1 month, 3 months, and 12 months. RESULTS: The wound status ranged from edema to contraction in the early stage postoperatively. The eyelashes that were excised during the operation began to grow from 7 to 14 days postoperatively, and the epithelium began to close simultaneously. From 14 days to 3 months postoperatively, the eyelash and epithelium grew completely, and the scar disappear gradually. Except in 1 patient with trichiasis at 3 months and one patient with tumor recurrence at 12 months postoperatively, there were no other complications, such as ablepharon deformities, alopecia palpebralis, etc. CONCLUSION:: Our improved minimally invasive technique not only resected the tumor effectively but also preserved the important anatomical structure of the palpebral margin. The favorable outcomes resulted from the mechanism of wound healing. This new surgical method is worth implementing in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Palpebrais/cirurgia , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 175: 83-89, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889403

RESUMO

Tetramethyl thiuram disulfide (thiram) is a dithiocarbamate, which is widely used on seeds and storing food grains. The incorporation of thiram into the food chain could be a risk for both human beings and animals. Thiram-contaminated feed has been considered a common cause of tibial dyschondrolplasia (TD) in many avian species. The molecular mechanism of action of thiram on TD involving microRNA (miRNA) is not fully understood. For this purpose, the morbidity and pathologic changes were evaluated to understand the TD, and high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed to explore the differentially expressed miRNAs (DEGs). RT-qPCR was used to confirm the validity as compared with sequencing data. The results showed that the marked alterations in the growth plate of the TD chickens were noticeable, with shrinking cells and irregular chondrocyte columns as compared with control group. In this study, we identified total 375 (p < 0.1), 340 (p < 0.05) and 266 (p < 0.01) significant DEGs between the TD and control groups. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of DEGs showed that the target miRNAs were significantly enriched in different treatment groups, such as apoptosis, mRNA surveillance pathway, mitophagy-animal, etc. This study provides theoretical basis for in-depth understanding the pathogenesis of thiram-induced TD and explore the new insights towards the proposed molecular mechanism of specific miRNA as biomarkers for effective gene diagnosis and treatment of TD in broilers.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteocondrodisplasias/induzido quimicamente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/induzido quimicamente , Tiram/toxicidade , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Galinhas/genética , Lâmina de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Lâmina de Crescimento/metabolismo , Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , Tíbia/metabolismo , Tíbia/patologia , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to achieve submillimeter-level diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the macaque brain by using diffusion weighted (DW) readout-segmented echo planar imaging (rsEPI) with an optimized protocol at 7T MRI. METHODS: Three anesthetized macaques were included in this study. Under different scan settings, we compared signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and geometric distortion of DW images, implemented an optimized protocol for submillimeter-level DTI acquisition, and evaluated its performance. RESULTS: Parallel-imaging-enabled (in GRAPPA mode) monopolar or monopolar+ diffusion scheme has higher SNR vs. bipolar scheme, whereas trivial differences in SNR and image geometric distortion when using increased readout segments with monopolar and monopolar+ that did not reach statistical significance. Submillimeter-level (0.8mm isotropic) DTI data provides a sharper delineation of white matter contour than 1mm level. CONCLUSION: The rsEPI technique with parallel imaging enabled, and with the shortest readout segments in conjunction with monopolar/monopolar+ diffusion encoding scheme may be optimal for submillimeter-level diffusion imaging over macaque brain in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: rsEPI could effectively merit high-resolution DTI for in vivo macaque brain submillimeter structural architecture investigations at ultra-high field (UHF).

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 168: 205-211, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30388538

RESUMO

Tetramethyl thiuram disulfide (thiram) is a dithiocarbamate, which is extensively used in agriculture as pesticide and fungicide for treating grains intended for seed purposes and also for storing food grains. One of the most evident and detrimental effect produced by thiram is tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) in many avian species, by feeding diets containing thiram, a growth plate cartilage disease. TD is characterized by the lack of blood vessels and impaired vascular invasion of the hypertrophic chondrocyte resulting in the massive cell death. This study investigated the effects of ligustrazine on the treatment and control of thiram induced-TD. A total of 210 chicks were divided into three equal groups (n = 70): control group (received standard diet), TD group (feed on thiram containing diet from day 3-7), and ligustrazine group (feed on thiram containing diet from day 3-7 and after that ligustrazine @ 30 mg/kg from day 8 to day 18). During the experiment, the lameness, production parameters, tibia bone indicators, pathological index changes and integrin beta 3 (ITGB3) expressions were examined. The results reveal that ligustrazine plays an important role in improving angiogenesis and decreasing chondrocytes damage in TD chicks via a new molecule modulating ITGB3. So, the administration of ligustrazine can be an important way to cope with the losses and costs associated with TD in commercial poultry farming and animal welfare issue due to environmental contamination of thiram.


Assuntos
Integrina beta3/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Tiram/toxicidade , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Galinhas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Lâmina de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , Integrina beta3/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/induzido quimicamente , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Osteocondrodisplasias/induzido quimicamente , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Tíbia/patologia
16.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1251, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450047

RESUMO

Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is an abnormality of the growth cartilage that occurs in chickens and other rapidly growing avian species. This disease not only cause huge economic losses, but also greatly affects animal welfare. The total flavonoids of Rhizoma drynariae (TFRD) has been used to cure wide variety of diseases including bone fractures and osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. However, less information is available about the using of TFRD against the TD. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of TFRD on TD by regulating BMP-2 and Runx2 in chickens. A total of 200 birds were randomly divided into control, TD, TD recovery (TDR), and TFRD groups. All the groups were given standard diet with an addition of thiram (50 mg/kg) from days 3 to 7 in TD, TDR, and TFRD groups in order to induce TD in chickens. After the induction of TD, the birds of TFRD group were fed standard diet with the addition of TFRD at 20 mg/kg. Clinical results conveyed that TFRD can improve the growth performance of the TD chickens and recover normal activity, and it is more obvious than TDR. Gene expressions of BMP-2 and Runx2 were down-regulated during the development of the disease and were up-regulated obviously after TFRD treatment. In conclusion, TFRD not only decreased the mortality rate but also increased the growth performance of TD in chickens. In conclusion, TFRD plays important role in improving the growth performance, adjusting the relevant physiological indicators, and regulating BMP-2 and Runx2 in chickens.

17.
J Org Chem ; 83(24): 15245-15255, 2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421925

RESUMO

An N-heterocyclic carbene-catalyzed asymmetric [3 + 3] spiroannulation of ß-ketothioamide was successfully developed. ß-Ketothioamides exhibit an unusual reactivity to undergo a previously challenging lactamization reaction, and the desired spiro-piperidinone derivatives containing two vicinal stereogenic centers were synthesized in good to high yields with high stereoselectivities, whose structure can be converted to the corresponding imide and δ-lactam derivatives smoothly.

18.
Biol Proced Online ; 20: 15, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988477

RESUMO

Background: Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is a skeletal disease of fast growing chicken and other avian species. It is characterized by an avascular and non-mineralized growth plate, which leads to a deformed tibial bone and lameness. Unfortunately, this disease is not only responsible for causing huge economic losses but also raises animal welfare concerns. Icariin is a flavonoid, which is isolated from Epimedium pubescens herb, and it has been used to cure different diseases including bone fractures and osteoporosis. Results: We designed this experiment to use icariin for the treatment of TD affect chickens; for this purpose, a total of 180 chicks were equally divided into three groups: control, TD and icariin. All the three groups were offered ad libitum same normal standard diet with an addition of thiram (50 mg/kg) from 3rd day to 7th day in TD and icariin group in order to induce TD in chickens. After the induction of TD, the chickens in icariin groups were fed standard diet with an addition of icariin at the rate of 10 mg/kg in drinking water to check the therapeutic effect of this flavonoid on TD. Our results showed that the icariin helped in restoring the TD lesion into a normal structure with significantly (P < 0.05) up-regulating the bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) expression in the tibial growth plates (GP). Conclusions: Icariin increased the vascular area in the growth plate and decreased the average TD score. In conclusion, this study shows that icariin is a potential compound for the recovery of TD affected chickens via up-regulating the BMP-2 expression without posing a threat of ingestion of toxic veterinary drug residues to human beings upon the consumption of treated chickens.

19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 29(6): 1591-1595, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because of the deficiency of blood circulation and soft tissue, reconstruction of the eye socket for severe conjunctival sac stenosis in anophthalmic patients is very difficult. In this article, the authors report an innovative technique for conducting a 1-stage operation to reconstruct the contracted eye socket with an autogenic dermal sphere connected to the epidermis (ADSE). METHODS: Five patients, each having a single severely contracted eye socket and conjunctival sac, were included in this study. An ADSE was transplanted into the contracted eye socket and conjunctival sac. After the operation, several observation indexes were evaluated, such as the survival and stability of implanted autologous tissue, the improvement of the contracted eye socket, and the degree of patients' satisfaction with their appearance. RESULTS: All of the implanted epidermal and dermal tissues survived well after 6 months' observation. Although somewhat absorbed, the transplanted dermal ball was plump in the eye socket, and the epithelial tissues merged well with the residual conjunctival epithelium. Moreover, the transplanted epidermis assumed a mucosal appearance in 4 of 5 patients. After reconstruction of the eye socket, the size of the conjunctival sac and depth of the eye socket were corrected sufficiently for patients to wear an ocular prosthesis. CONCLUSIONS: The implantation of an ADSE can reconstruct a severely contracted eye socket in anophthalmic patients. Because of the high survival rate and limited absorption ratio, this 1-stage operation satisfied both patients and their ophthalmologists.


Assuntos
Aparelho Lacrimal/cirurgia , Órbita/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Anoftalmia/complicações , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Epiderme/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Aparelho Lacrimal/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Órbita/patologia , Doenças Orbitárias/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Transplante Autólogo
20.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3680, 2018 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29487404

RESUMO

Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is the most-prevalent leg disorder in fast-growing chickens; it is intractable and characterized by abnormal endochondral bone formation of proximal tibial growth-plates (TGPs). Previous studies have shown that bone is a highly vascularized tissue dependent on the coordinated coupling between angiogenesis and osteogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms of bone formation and bone remodeling are poorly defined in TD chickens. Here, we observed that inhibition of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis remarkably impaired vascular invasion in the hypertrophic chondrocyte zone of the TGPs, resulting in the massive death of chondrocytes due to a shortage of blood vessels and nutrients. Moreover, the balance of the OPG (osteoprotegerin)/RANKL (receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand) system is also severely disrupted during the osteogenesis process while coupling with angiogenesis, both of which eventually lead to abnormal endochondral bone formation in TD chickens. Thus, the process of vascular formation in endochondral bone appears to initiate the pathological changes in TD, and improvement of this process during coupling with osteogenesis may be a potential therapeutic approach to treat this intractable disease.


Assuntos
Lâmina de Crescimento/patologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/patologia , Tíbia/patologia , Animais , Galinhas , Lâmina de Crescimento/irrigação sanguínea , Lâmina de Crescimento/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/metabolismo , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Tíbia/irrigação sanguínea , Tíbia/metabolismo
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