Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.383
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130583, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303203

RESUMO

Terpenoid metabolism at different developmental stages of Carya cathayensis was elucidated based on LC-MS/MS analysis and multi-omics. Terpenoid metabolites 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphoquinone and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid reached the maximum at 105 days after pollination (DAP) (P2 stage). To reveal the complex mechanism of C. cathayensis embryogenesis in relation to terpenoid metabolites (90-165 DAP), a metabolomic and transcriptional co-expression analysis was conducted. Based on RNA-Seq analysis, 679 genes of 1144 terpenoid biosynthesis were differentially expressed. Six terpenoid metabolites and 86 differentially expressed genes related to terpenoquinone metabolism were identified. Comprehensive analysis of metabolome and transcriptional data revealed that terpenoquinone accumulated in the early phase was active in the later phase. Overall, we profiled the transcriptome and metabolome changes in C. cathayensis during the developmental phase to investigate the metabolic pathways and candidate genes underlying the changes at different growth stages.

2.
Med Gas Res ; 12(1): 6-9, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472496

RESUMO

Central nervous system tumors are classified as diseases of special clinical significance with high disability and high mortality. In addition to cerebrovascular diseases and craniocerebral injuries, tumors are the most common diseases of the central nervous system. Hydrogen sulfide, the third endogenous gas signaling molecule discovered in humans besides nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of human diseases. It is reported that hydrogen sulfide not only exerts a wide range of biological effects, but also develops a certain relationship with tumor development and neovascularization. A variety of studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide acts as a vasodilator and angiogenetic factor to facilitate growth, proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells. In this review, the pathological mechanisms and the effect of hydrogen sulfide on the central nervous system tumors are introduced.

3.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485029

RESUMO

Novel therapies are urgently needed to improve global treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Herein, we briefly provide a concise report on the medicinal chemistry strategies towards the development of effective SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors with representative examples in different strategies from the medicinal chemistry perspective.

4.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 8762-8771, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) are one of the most complex aortic aneurysms to treat. Traditional open surgery for TAAAs is highly invasive and total endovascular treatment still has many limitations. Hybrid surgery offers a viable option for TAAA patients, but currently it often alters the original hemodynamics. Therefore, we have developed and applied a hybrid surgery protocol for anatomically suitable TAAA patients. Here we analyzed the short-term outcomes of these patients and evaluated the effectiveness and safety of this procedure. METHODS: A new method was used to perform the required artificial revascularization of the abdominal aorta and its branches. A new visceral debranching and reconstruction approach was used to complete an anatomy-conforming open surgery. Finally, a new vascular access was used for the endovascular operation to complete the implantation of stent-grafts. The clinical data of 10 patients with TAAAs treated at our center with the anatomy-conforming hybrid technique during the period from May 2018 to June 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. The intraoperative and 30-day postoperative key indicators, including survival rates and complications, were analyzed. RESULTS: The hybrid surgery was smoothly performed in all 10 patients. One patient died from non-aortic causes (sepsis/infectious toxic shock) 30 days after surgery, yielding a case-fatality rate of 10.0% (1/10). Two patients (2/10) experienced serious complications within 30 days postoperatively, including multi-organ failure due to infection in one patient and lower limb ischemia in another patient who went on to develop permanent paraplegia. No endoleak after stent implantation was noted and the blood supply of each reconstructed visceral artery was good. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the short-term outcomes, the anatomy-conforming hybrid surgical protocol is safe and effective in treating TAAA patients.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150161, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517313

RESUMO

In this work, mesoporous poorly crystalline hematite (α-Fe2O3) was prepared using mesoporous silica (KIT-6) functionalized with 3-[(2-aminoethyl)amino]propyltrimethoxysilane as a hard template (SMPC-α-Fe2O3). The disordered atomic arrangement structure of SMPC-α-Fe2O3 promoted the formation of oxygen vacancies, which was confirmed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), O2-temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), H2-temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) analyses. Density functional theory calculations (DFT) also proved that reducing the crystallinity of α-Fe2O3 decreased the formation energy of oxygen vacancies. TPD and in situ DRIFT analyses of NH3 adsorption suggested that the surface acidity of SMPC-α-Fe2O3 was considerably higher than those of mesoporous poorly crystalline α-Fe2O3 (MPC-α-Fe2O3) and highly crystalline α-Fe2O3 (HC-α-Fe2O3). The oxygen vacancies and acid sites formed on α-Fe2O3 surface are beneficial for ozone (O3) decomposition. Compared with MPC-α-Fe2O3 and HC-α-Fe2O3, SMPC-α-Fe2O3 exhibited a higher removal efficiency for 200-ppm O3 at a space velocity of 720 L g-1 h-1 at 25 ± 2 °C under dry conditions. Additionally, in situ DRIFT and XPS results suggested that the accumulation of peroxide (O22-) and the conversion of O22- to lattice oxygen over the oxygen vacancies caused catalyst deactivation. However, O22- could be desorbed completely by continuous N2 purging at approximately 350 °C. This study provides significant insights for developing highly active α-Fe2O3 catalysts for O3 decomposition.

6.
Chem Res Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520170

RESUMO

Phthalates, a plasticizer group, are used extensively in many of the products we use every day. Public health concerns are growing as recent studies have implicated butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) as an obesogen. However, BBP-induced epigenetic regulation during adipogenesis is still unknown. We investigated if BBP altered miR-34a-5p, a key miRNA involved in obesity, and regulated its downstream pathway. Differentiating 3T3-L1 cells were exposed to various doses of BBP without exogenous adipogenic stimuli, tested for adipogenesis markers (PPARγ and aP2), and stained for lipid accumulation with Oil Red O staining. We then measured the expression of miR-34a-5p and its target genes, Nampt and Sirt1, along with another significant epigenetic modulator, Sirt3. Furthermore, using antagomiR, we examined whether miR-34a-5p knockdown decreased adipogenesis. BBP exposure resulted in augmented expression levels of miR-34a-5p with an associated increase in adipogenesis. BBP significantly decreased the Nampt, Sirt1, and Sirt3 gene expression levels. However, a decrease in the protein expression was observed only for Nampt, indicating that miR-34a-5p under BBP exposure may regulate Sirt1/Sirt3 only at the transcriptional level. Interestingly, in the presence of BBP, knockdown of miR-34a-5p decreased adipogenesis in the differentiating 3T3-L1 cells. Furthermore, miR-34a-5p knockdown increased the Nampt protein expression levels as well as NAD+ levels, indicating that miR-34a-5p regulates Nampt during BBP exposure. Additionally, the NAD+-dependent sirtuin activity decreased in BBP-treated cells and increased in miR-34a-5p knockdown cells with BBP treatment. BBP exposure demonstrated the involvement of epigenetic regulation by altering the expression patterns of miR-34a-5p and its target Nampt, which may perturb the energy homeostasis of the differentiating adipocytes by altering NAD+ levels and sirtuin activity, resulting in increased adipogenesis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520174

RESUMO

Hydrothermal deposition is emerging as a highly potential route for antimony-based solar cells, in which the Sb2(S,Se)3 is typically in situ grown on a common toxic CdS buffer layer. The narrow band gap of CdS causes a considerable absorption in the short-wavelength region and then lowers the current density of the device. Herein, TiO2 is first evaluated as an alternative Cd-free buffer layer for hydrothermally derived Sb2S3 solar cells. But it suffers from a severely inhomogeneous Sb2S3 coverage, which is effectively eliminated by inserting a Zn(O,S) layer. The surface atom of sulfur in Zn(O,S) uniquely provides a chemical bridge to enable the quasi-epitaxial deposition of Sb2S3 thin film, confirming by both morphology and binding energy analysis using DFT. Then the results of the first-principles calculations also show that Zn(O,S)/Sb2S3 has a more stable structure than TiO2/Sb2S3. The resultant perfect Zn(O,S)/Sb2S3 junction, with a suitable band alignment and excellent interface contact, delivers a remarkably enhanced JSC and VOC for Sb2S3 solar cells. The device efficiency with the TiO2/Zn(O,S) buffer layer boosts from 0.54% to 3.70% compared with the counterpart of TiO2, which has a champion efficiency of Cd-free Sb2S3 solar cells with a structure of ITO/TiO2/Zn(O,S)/Sb2S3/Carbon/Ag by in situ hydrothermal deposition. This work provides a guideline for the hydrothermal deposition of antimony-based films upon a nontoxic buffer layer.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520190

RESUMO

Conventional colloidal syntheses typically produce nanostructures with positive curvatures due to thermodynamic preference. Here, we demonstrate the creation of surface concavity in Au nanorods through seed-mediated growth in confined spaces and report their thermochromic responses to temperature changes. The unique surface concavity is created by templating against Fe3O4 nanorods, producing a new concavity-sensitive plasmonic band. Due to the high surface energy, the metastable nanorods can be reconstructed at a moderate temperature, enabling convenient and precise tuning of their plasmonic properties by aging in different solvents. Such structural reconstruction of concave Au nanorods enables the fabrication of thermochromic plasmonic films that can display images with vivid color changes or exhibit encrypted, invisible information upon aging. This templating strategy is universal in creating concave nanostructures, which may open the door to designing new nanostructures with promising applications in sensing, anticounterfeiting, information encryption, and displays.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520339

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, light pink-coloured, rod-shaped, flagellated and facultative anaerobic bacterial strain, designated MT2928T, was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the Mariana Trench. Growth of strain MT2928T occurred optimally at 28 °C, pH 8.0-9.0 and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MT2928T belongs to the genus Pontivivens and has the highest sequence similarity to Pontivivens insulae GYSW-23T (96.6 %). Genomic analysis indicated that strain MT2928T contains a circular chromosome of 4 199 362 bp with G+C content of 67.2 mol%. The strain did not produce bacteriochlorophyll a, but produced carotenoid. The predominant respiratory quinone of MT2928T was ubiquinone-10. The polar lipids of MT2928T contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified lipids and two unidentified phospholipids. The major fatty acids of strain MT2928T contained summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c or/and C18 : 1 ω6c), C18 : 0 and summed feature 2 (iso-C16 : 1 I and/or C14 : 0 3-OH). On the basis of phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and other phenotypic properties, strain MT2928T represents a novel species of the genus Pontivivens, and the name Pontivivens ytuae sp. nov. is proposed with the type species MT2928T (=MCCC 1K05575T=JCM 34320T).

10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 346, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of complete omentectomy (CO) in patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: We conducted a literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases for clinical research that compared CO with non-complete omentectomy (NCO). These articles were published prior to April 2021. Overall survival (OS) rates, relapse-free survival (RFS) rates, recurrence rates, operation times, estimates of blood loss, numbers of harvested lymph nodes, complications, and lengths of hospital stays were compared using relative risks (RRs) and weighted mean differences (WMDs). RevMan 5.3 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Nine studies that included 3329 patients (1960 in the CO group) and 1369 in the NCO group comprised the analysis. The meta-analysis showed that CO was associated with a decreased 3-year OS rate (RR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.90-0.98, P = 0.005) and 5-year OS rate (RR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.88-0.98, P = 0.007). However, it was not associated with the 3-year RFS rate (RR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.90-1.04, P = 0.44), 5-year RFS (RR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.90-1.06, P = 0.60), or recurrence rate (RR = 1.17, 95% CI 0.95-1.45, P = 0.15) compared to the NCO group. For surgical-related outcomes, significant heterogeneity existed between the studies. Compared to the NCO group, CO was found to be associated with significantly more estimated blood loss (WMD = 250.90, 95% CI 105.90-396.28, P = 0.0007) and less harvested lymph nodes (WMD = - 3.59, 95% CI - 6.88, - 0.29, P = 0.03). Although, there was no significant difference in the surgical time (WMD = 15.93, 95% CI - 0.21, 32.07, P = 0.05). No statistically significant differences were observed in the rates of overall (P = 0.79) and major complications (P = 0.90), or the lengths of hospital stays (P = 0.11) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the available evidence, CO is not superior to NCO in terms of survival. CO is not recommended as a routine surgery for gastric cancer. Future well-designed high-quality RCTs are warranted.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18252, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521909

RESUMO

Grain size and weight are the key traits determining rice quality and yield and are mainly controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL). In this study, one minor QTL that was previously mapped in the marker interval of JD1009-JD1019 using the Huanghuazhan/Jizi1560 (HHZ/JZ1560) recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, qTGW1-2, was validated to regulate grain size and weight across four rice-growing seasons using twenty-one near isogenic line (NIL)-F2 populations. The twenty-one populations were in two types of genetic background that were derived from the same parents HHZ and JZ1560. Twelve F9, F10 or F11 NIL-F2 populations with the sequential residual heterozygous regions covering JD1009-RM6840 were developed from one residual heterozygote (RH) in the HHZ/JZ1560 RIL population, and the remaining nine BC3F3, BC3F4 or BC3F5 NIL-F2 populations with the sequential residual heterozygous regions covering JD1009-RM6840 were constructed through consecutive backcrosses to the recurrent parent HHZ followed with marker assistant selection in each generation. Based on the QTL analysis of these genetic populations, qTGW1-2 was successfully confirmed to control grain length, width and weight and further dissected into two QTLs, qTGW1-2a and qTGW1-2b, which were respectively narrowed down to the marker intervals of JD1139-JD1127 (~ 978.2-kb) and JD1121-JD1102 (~ 54.8-kb). Furthermore, the two types of NIL-F2 populations were proved to be able to decrease the genetic background noise and increase the detection power of minor QTL. These results provided an important basis for further map-based cloning and molecular design breeding with the two QTLs in rice.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523641

RESUMO

Herein we report a 2D surface-coordinated porphyrinic metal-organic framework film (SURMOF) CuTCPP prepared by a layer by layer method as an optical limiting layer in a polymer-dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) device. The results show that the CuTCPP SURMOF/PDLC device has excellent switchable transparency and optical limiting performance, providing a new route to achieve mutilfunctional electro-optical applications.

13.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(35): 7690-7694, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524340

RESUMO

A bifunctional cinchona squaramide catalyzed enantioselective aza-Friedel-Crafts reaction between 2-naphthols and benzothiazolimines has been developed, and a series of chiral 2'-aminobenzothiazolomethyl naphthols with potential antiproliferative and anthelmintic activities have been successfully and effectively prepared in good to excellent yields (up to 98%) with excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99% ee) even in a scale-up preparation under mild conditions.

14.
J Food Biochem ; : e13928, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524691

RESUMO

The effects of rutin (6, 30, and 150 µmol/gpro ) on the physicochemical, structural properties and gel characteristics of myofibrillar protein (MP) under oxidative stress were investigated. The addition of rutin significantly promoted the formation of oxidized MP carbonyl derivatives and dimer tyrosine, but it cannot prevent the loss of sulfhydryl groups (-SH). With increasing rutin concentration, the hydrophobic area was gradually shielded and rutin acted as a quencher to reduce the fluorescence intensity of oxidized MP. Under the oxidative stress, rutin increased the particle size and aggravated the cleavage of protein molecules. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that rutin further aggravated oxidized MP degradation and cross-linked form polymer which cross-linked with protein to the maximum extent at 150 µmol/gpro rutin content. Moderate cross-linking between protein and rutin could improve the gel strength and water holding capacity (WHC) of oxidized MP gel. For rutin concentrations of 6 and 30 µmol/gpro , the gels had denser network structures, as observed by scanning electron microscopy. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Polyphenols of the type and dosage can change the properties of the product itself and optimize the quality of product processing. Certain polyphenols may promote the oxidation process of protein-rich products, but this does not affect the improvement of product quality. The application of natural polyphenols is the promising business direction in the development of Coregonus peled industry.

15.
Neurosci Lett ; 764: 136206, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478813

RESUMO

Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-mediated chronic neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is related to microglial activation. Using quantitative proteomic analysis, we identified 25 up-regulated and 83 down-regulated proteins in amyloid beta (Aß)1-42-induced BV2 cells. Among the differentiallyexpressedproteins involved in inflammation, the NLRP3 protein level increased dramatically. Ginkgolide B (GB) prevents Aß-induced neuroinflammation and neurotoxic effects in multiple neurodegenerative disorders. However, its role in NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated neuroinflammation in AD remain unknown. We found that GB treatment ameliorated Aß1-42-induced pathological damages and inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Furthermore, GB enhanced the expression of M2 microglial markers and suppressed the expression of M1 microglial markers. Our findings suggest that GB treatment prevents the pathological processes of AD and suppresses neuroinflammation by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation and promoting microglial M2 polarization.

16.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 53: 101961, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479066

RESUMO

Allele frequencies for 16 X-chromosomal STR (X-STR) loci were obtained from a sample set of 440 unrelated Yunnan Miao individuals in China. A total of 117 alleles were observed in this group, with allele frequencies ranging from 0.0016 to 0.7565. The most informative marker for the studied population was DXS10134, with a polymorphism information content (PIC) of 0.8499, and the least polymorphic locus was DXS6810 (PIC = 0.3071). The power of discrimination (PD) varied from 0.4046 (DXS6800) to 0.8642 (DXS10134) in males and from 0.6188 (DXS6800) to 0.9673 (DXS10134) in females. The combined PDM and PDF were 0.999999989975990 and 0.999999999999949, respectively. The combined MECD and MECT were 0.999983301904059 and 0.999999915883733, respectively. Furthermore, population genetic structure investigation between the Yunnan Miao and 20 other populations using principal component analysis (PCA), multidimensional scaling plot (MDS), and neighboring-joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree analyses illustrated significant genetic difference between the Yunnan Miao and the other populations. This study is the first to provide X chromosome genetic polymorphism data of the Miao population in Yunnan Province and can be used as a supplementary reference to enrich the national database.

17.
Neuroimage ; 243: 118557, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487826

RESUMO

Low-intensity transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) is a promising non-invasive brain stimulation technique that can modulate the excitability of cortical and deep brain structures with a high degree of focality. Previous human studies showed that TUS decreases motor cortex (M1) excitability measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), but whether the effects appear beyond sonication and whether TUS affects the excitability of other interconnected cortical areas is not known. The time course of M1 TUS on ipsilateral and contralateral M1 excitability was investigated in 22 healthy human subjects via TMS-induced motor-evoked potentials. With sonication duration of 500 ms, we found suppression of M1 excitability from 10 ms before to 20 ms after the end of sonication, and the effects were stronger with blocked design compared to interleaved design. There was no significant effect on contralateral M1 excitability. Using ex-vivo measurements, we showed that the ultrasound transducer did not affect the magnitude or time course of the TMS-induced electromagnetic field. We conclude that the online-suppressive effects of TUS on ipsilateral M1 cortical excitability slightly outlast the sonication but did not produce long-lasting effects. The absence of contralateral effects may suggest that there are little tonic interhemispheric interactions in the resting state, or the intensity of TUS was too low to induce transcallosal inhibition.

18.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(5): 6410-6429, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517538

RESUMO

Cyclins and related cyclin-dependent kinases play vital roles in regulating the progression in the cell cycle. Understanding the intrinsic mechanisms of cyclins promises knowledge about cell uncontrolled proliferation and prevention of cancer cells. Therefore, accurate recognition of cyclins is important for the investigation of tumor cells and biomedical engineering. This study proposes a novel sequence-based predictor named TYLER (predicT cYcLin-dEpendent pRoteins) for addressing the long challenge problem of predicting cyclin-dependent proteins (CDPs). We use information theory to compute selectively enriched CDP-related motifs and build the motif-based model. For those proteins without sharing enriched motifs, we compute sequence-derived features and construct machine learning-based models. We optimize the weights of two different models to build a more accurate predictor. We estimate these two types of models by using 5-fold cross-validations on the TRAINING dataset. We prove that the combination of two models and optimization of the corresponding weights promises decent and robust results on both TRAINING and independent TEST dataset. The empirical test demonstrates that TYLER is robust predictor and statistically significantly better than current methods. The runtime assessment reveals TYLER is a high-throughput effective method. We use TYLER to make predictions on the human proteome, and use the results to hypothesize CDPs. The latest experimental verified CDPs and GO analysis proves that some of our novel predictions shall be potential CDPs. TYLER is implemented as a public user-friendly web server at http://www.inforstation.com/webservers/TYLER/. We share all data and source code that used in this research at https://github.com/biocomputinglab/TYLER.git.

19.
Talanta ; 235: 122816, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517672

RESUMO

In recent years, the development of unsaturated lipid isomeric imaging based on the Paternò-Büchi (PB) reaction has improved significantly. However, research on this imaging method in ambient conditions needs to expand. In this paper, a method of PB reaction in the solid phase in ambient conditions is developed, which is combined with air-flow-assisted desorption electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (AFADESI-MS) to achieve in situ imaging of lipids at an isomeric level. Experiments showed that the efficiency of the PB reaction was much higher when spraying the reagent solution than when sprinkling the reactant powder directly, and it was not lower than that in the liquid phase. This method can simplify the reaction conditions in the imaging process and can be applied to tissue section samples with only 10 min of pre-processing. The study successfully demonstrated the spatial distribution of unsaturated lipid isomers, and the isomeric ratio corresponded to the lesion areas in mouse brain cancer tissues. Due to its simple operation and performance in ambient conditions, this method may be useful for future studies on lipid isomers in tissues.

20.
mBio ; : e0206021, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517763

RESUMO

We describe here the structure and organization of TnCentral (https://tncentral.proteininformationresource.org/ [or the mirror link at https://tncentral.ncc.unesp.br/]), a web resource for prokaryotic transposable elements (TE). TnCentral currently contains ∼400 carefully annotated TE, including transposons from the Tn3, Tn7, Tn402, and Tn554 families; compound transposons; integrons; and associated insertion sequences (IS). These TE carry passenger genes, including genes conferring resistance to over 25 classes of antibiotics and nine types of heavy metal, as well as genes responsible for pathogenesis in plants, toxin/antitoxin gene pairs, transcription factors, and genes involved in metabolism. Each TE has its own entry page, providing details about its transposition genes, passenger genes, and other sequence features required for transposition, as well as a graphical map of all features. TnCentral content can be browsed and queried through text- and sequence-based searches with a graphic output. We describe three use cases, which illustrate how the search interface, results tables, and entry pages can be used to explore and compare TE. TnCentral also includes downloadable software to facilitate user-driven identification, with manual annotation, of certain types of TE in genomic sequences. Through the TnCentral homepage, users can also access TnPedia, which provides comprehensive reviews of the major TE families, including an extensive general section and specialized sections with descriptions of insertion sequence and transposon families. TnCentral and TnPedia are intuitive resources that can be used by clinicians and scientists to assess TE diversity in clinical, veterinary, and environmental samples. IMPORTANCE The ability of bacteria to undergo rapid evolution and adapt to changing environmental circumstances drives the public health crisis of multiple antibiotic resistance, as well as outbreaks of disease in economically important agricultural crops and animal husbandry. Prokaryotic transposable elements (TE) play a critical role in this. Many carry "passenger genes" (not required for the transposition process) conferring resistance to antibiotics or heavy metals or causing disease in plants and animals. Passenger genes are spread by normal TE transposition activities and by insertion into plasmids, which then spread via conjugation within and across bacterial populations. Thus, an understanding of TE composition and transposition mechanisms is key to developing strategies to combat bacterial pathogenesis. Toward this end, we have developed TnCentral, a bioinformatics resource dedicated to describing and exploring the structural and functional features of prokaryotic TE whose use is intuitive and accessible to users with or without bioinformatics expertise.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...