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1.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell division control (CDC) 42 has been involved in the regulation of diverse cancers. Macrophage recruitment plays an important role in the pathogenesis and development of tumor. However, it remains unclear whether CDC42 contributes to macrophage recruitment and lung tumorigenesis in vivo. METHODS: Small interference RNA (siRNA) was used to knock down CDC42 in the Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC)1. The invasion capability of CDC42 knockdown LLC1 cells was evaluated. LLC1 cells with CDC42 targeted small hairpin RNA (shRNA) were inoculated into C57BL/6 mice to establish the tumor-bearing animal model Tumor size and metastasis related proteins were measured. In addition, the invasion of macrophages in the tumor site as well as macrophage chemokine were also determined in the model. RESULTS: The capacity of invasion and metastasis of LLC1 cells significantly decreased when CDC42 was knocked down. When inoculated with CDC42 knockdown LLC1 cells in vivo, the tumor size and metastasis related proteins levels both decreased. The invasion capacity of macrophages and the associated macrophage chemokine were also significantly down-regulated. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the inhibition of CDC42 expression in lung cancer cells can significantly prevent the pathogenesis and development of tumor in an allograft tumor model in vivo, which might provide a novel therapeutic target and potential strategy for lung cancer treatment in the future.

2.
Ann Hematol ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000361

RESUMO

Prior studies have suggested that for leukemia patients with high-risk features, haplo-identical-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HID-HSCT) has a stronger anti-leukemia effect compared with HSCT using an identical sibling donor (ISD-HSCT). However, it is unclear whether an HID-HSC transplant also augments the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect among refractory/relapsed (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who are not in remission (NR). We conducted a retrospective analysis of 124 R/R AML patients with NR status who underwent HID-HSCT between April 2012 and December 2016 and compared these to 27 R/R AML patients who underwent an ISD-HSCT within the same timeframe. Among all of the patients, 68 (45.0%) had primary induction failure (PIF) and 83 (54.9%) were relapsed and had failed to respond to at least one cycle of salvage combination chemotherapy. Myeloablative conditioning regimens were administered to all patients. Here, we present a retrospective multivariate analysis of pre-transplantation risk factors and characteristics of all 151 patients and developed a predictive scoring system to predict patient survival. The median period of follow-up was 46 months for all patients. The HID cohort had a higher 5-year overall survival (OS) compared with the ISD cohort (48.6% ± 4.6% vs 25.9% ± 8.4, respectively; P = 0.017) and higher LFS (leukemia-free survival) (41.6% ± 7.5% vs 25.9% ± 8.4%, respectively; P = 0.019). There was no difference in the 5-year cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (NRM) (18.0% ± 3.8% and 34.9% ± 12.6%, respectively; P = 0.212) between the two group. However, the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIRs) was lower in the HID group compared with the ISD group (55.4% ± 8.9% vs 67.3% ± 9.9%, respectively; P = 0.021). Multivariate analysis showed three risk factors associated with OS and LFS: (1) ISD-HSCT, (2) use of a standardized conditioning regimen, and (3) less than 50% proportional reduction of blast cells in the bone marrow (BM). Based on these three risk factors, we developed a predictive scoring system for R/R AML patients undergoing HSCT. Patients who had a predictive score of 0 and 1 had a 66.6% ± 4.5% and 44.1% ± 3.6% OS rate at 5 years, respectively. Patients with a score ≥ 2 had only a 4.4 ± 0.2% OS rate at 5 years. An HID-HSCT had a better anti-leukemia effect among R/R AML patients with an NR status compared with an ISD-HSCT. We also identified pre-transplantation risk factors to delineate subgroups that could derive maximal benefit from HSCT.

3.
Neurochem Res ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000435

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) played pivotal roles in the initiation and progression of cancers. CircRNA cut like homeobox 1 (circ-CUX1; hsa_circ_0132813) has been reported to contribute to neuroblastoma (NB) development by previous study. Furthermore, previous works reported that microRNA-16-5p (miR-16-5p) was down-regulated while doublesex and mab-3 related transcription factor 2 (DMRT2) was up-regulated in NB. The interaction and functional association between miR-16-5p and circ-CUX1 or DMRT2 were investigated in this study. Cell proliferation, cell cycle progression, colony formation, migration and invasion of NB cells were examined by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, colony formation assay and transwell migration and invasion assays. The glycolysis was analyzed through measuring the consumption of glucose and the production of lactate and ATP. Dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay and RNA-pull down assay were utilized to confirm the interaction between miR-16-5p and circ-CUX1 or DMRT2. Tumor xenograft assay was performed to explore the function of circ-CUX1 in xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Circ-CUX1 promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis of NB cells. miR-16-5p was a direct target of circ-CUX1, and miR-16-5p overexpression-mediated effects in NB cells were partly alleviated by the introduction of circ-CUX1 overexpression plasmid. DMRT2 was a target of miR-16-5p in NB cells, and the introduction of anti-miR-16-5p overturned the influences of DMRT2 interference on the proliferation, migration and invasion and glycolysis of NB cells. Circ-CUX1 silencing restrained xenograft tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, circ-CUX1 accelerated the proliferation, migration, invasion and glycolysis of NB cells through targeting miR-16-5p/DMRT2 signaling cascade.

4.
Chemistry ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006821

RESUMO

We report a series of two-coordinate Au(I) and Cu(I) complexes (3a-3b and 5a-5b) as new organometallic thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, which were based on the carbene-metal-carbazole model with pyridine-fused-1,2,3-triazolylidene (PyTz) ligand. The PyTz features small steric hindrance and low-energy LUMO (LUMO = -1.47 eV) locating over the π* orbitals of the whole ligand, which facilitates the intermolecular charge transfer (CT) between a donor (carbazole) and an accepter (PyTz). These compounds exhibit efficient TADF with microsecond lifetimes. Temperature-dependent PL kinetics of 3a supports a rather small energy gap between S1 and T1 (ΔES1-T1 = 60 meV). Further experiments reveal that there exist dual-emission properties from a monomer-dimer equilibrium in the solution, exhibiting single-component multicolor emission from blue to orange including white-light emission.

5.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022852

RESUMO

Fulvestrant 500 mg is standard of care for endocrine therapy-naive or pretreated women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). This study was conducted to explore the potential factors and duration of last endocrine therapy as predictors for the efficacy of fulvestrant 500 mg on Chinese patients in real-world practice. Two hundred and fifty-two MBC patients who were treated with fulvestrant 500 mg consecutively between January 2011 and December 2015 in our institute were included in this study. Efficacy outcomes included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and clinical benefit rate (CBR). The optimal cut-off value for duration of last endocrine therapy was determined by survival ROC analysis. Adverse events were graded according to NCI-CTC AE 4.0. Fulvestrant 500 mg demonstrated a median PFS of 5.8 months (95%CI 4.6-6.9), and a median OS of 35.9 months (95%CI 30.2-41.4). CBR was 41.3% (95%CI 35-47). Liver metastasis, bone alone metastasis, lines of endocrine therapy for MBC, and sensitivity to last endocrine therapy were statistically significant in the Cox multivariate analysis (P values of 0.022, 0.02, 0.03, and 0.038, respectively). The optimal cut-off values for duration of last endocrine therapy to predict the efficacy of fulvestrant 500 mg were 25.08 months for adjuvant endocrine therapy and 5.17 months for first-line endocrine therapy, which showed no difference in prediction power with ABC clinical definition. Patients with prior adjuvant endocrine therapy ≥25.08 months or first-line therapy≥5.17 months reached a longer PFS of fulvestrant (p = 0.04). Six patients discontinued the treatment due to intolerable adverse events. Patients with the duration of prior endocrine therapy longer than optimal cut-off points indicate better PFS of fulvestrant. Liver metastasis, bone alone metastasis, line of fulvestrant, and sensitivity to last endocrine therapy were also predictors for response of fulvestrant. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03708432.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023290

RESUMO

For hole-conductor-free, fully printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (MPSCs), it is difficult to achieve free and efficient diffusion of perovskite precursors in micron-scale porous structures. Thus, the wettability of the perovskite precursor is one of the most crucial factors that determine the performance of MPSCs. Here, d-sorbitol hexaacetate (DSHA) is introduced as an additive for fabricating hole-conductor-free, fully printable MPSCs based on methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). The fabricated MPSCs exhibited an efficiency of 14.33%. Moreover, the influence of DSHA on the optical properties, morphology, and filling of perovskite in the MPSCs has been systematically investigated. The results revealed that DSHA effectively optimized the morphology, improved the pore-filling, and passivated the defects of perovskite films. Remarkably, the unencapsulated MPSCs retained 93% of their original power-conversion efficiency (PCE) after 45 days of storage in air with humidity of 50 ± 5%.

7.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025152

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of superselective prostatic artery embolization (PAE) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Sixty-five patients diagnosed with BPH in Fujian Provincial Hospital between December 2014 and July 2019 were included. Patients with ineffective drug treatment after 6 months, who refused surgery, or who were unsuitable for surgery were included. We observed postoperative complications, followed up at 1, 3, and 6 months, compared clinical symptoms, and monitored changes in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostatic volume (PV) before and after treatment. RESULTS: Of the 65 patients, 58 (89.23%) successfully received PAE; 44 and 14 bilateral and unilateral embolization, respectively. Clinical efficacy was 94.83% (55/58) after the 6-month follow-up. Postoperative PV, International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life, maximum flow rate, and post-void residual significantly improved after 6 months (P < 0.05). One month after PAE, the serum total PSA increased by 1.47 (10.84/7.37) times and dropped 3 months later to a level lower than that before surgery (P < 0.05). Six months after PAE, the degree of relief from obstructive symptoms was more apparent than that of irritative symptoms. No serious complications were observed after PAE. CONCLUSION: PAE was safe and effective for the treatment of BPH. The efficacy of bilateral PAE was better than that of unilateral PAE.

8.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3819-3822, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018833

RESUMO

Different neural signal blocking technologies provide potential therapy for various diseases caused by pathological or involuntary neural activities. In this paper, a novel neural signal blocking concept based on spike-trapping principle is introduced. The blocking system was designed and implemented. In the system, a compound action potential was induced by a proximal stimulus, and a blocking signal was generated after a neural signal was detected, which was applied to the distal end of the nerve to block the nerve conduction. The reliability of the system was verified on bullfrog sciatic nerve gastrocnemius muscle specimens. The optimal blocking signal parameters, the relationship between nerve diameter and blocking threshold voltage, and the nerve safety of blocking signals were explored. The experimental results show that the system is possible to block a pathological or involuntary neural signal automatically. The average voltage of block threshold and the minimum pulse width are -1.66 V and 120 ms, respectively. The blocking threshold decreases as the diameter of the nerve increases. The blocking signals at the threshold level are safe for the stimulated nerve.

9.
Nat Cell Biol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020597

RESUMO

PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are abundantly expressed during cardiac hypertrophy. However, their functions and molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we identified a cardiac-hypertrophy-associated piRNA (CHAPIR) that promotes pathological hypertrophy and cardiac remodelling by targeting METTL3-mediated N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation of Parp10 mRNA transcripts. CHAPIR deletion markedly attenuates cardiac hypertrophy and restores heart function, while administration of a CHAPIR mimic enhances the pathological hypertrophic response in pressure-overloaded mice. Mechanistically, CHAPIR-PIWIL4 complexes directly interact with METTL3 and block the m6A methylation of Parp10 mRNA transcripts, which upregulates PARP10 expression. The CHAPIR-dependent increase in PARP10 promotes the mono-ADP-ribosylation of GSK3ß and inhibits its kinase activity, which results in the accumulation of nuclear NFATC4 and the progression of pathological hypertrophy. Hence, our findings reveal that a piRNA-mediated RNA epigenetic mechanism is involved in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy and that the CHAPIR-METTL3-PARP10-NFATC4 signalling axis could be therapeutically targeted for treating pathological hypertrophy and maladaptive cardiac remodelling.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021307

RESUMO

Discrete supertetrahedral clusters of metal chalcogenides are rare because of the difficulty involved in meeting global charge matching between the negative charge of the skeleton and counterion. We present herein the third type of a discrete chalcogenide cluster with a double T3 structure in the compound (HDBN)6[In20S33(DBN)6] (DBN = 1,5-diazabicyclo [4.3.0]-5-nonene), the anion of which features quasi-D3 symmetrical double-T3 In20S33 supertetrahedra with six cornered indium atoms coordinated by DBN molecules. DFT theory calculations of the interaction between host and guest show that this compound may have high kinetic stability and low photoelectric reactivity.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016777

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the efficacy of double percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) combined with ureter occlusion stent for treating cervical cancer complicated with vesicovaginal fistula (VVF). Method: A retrospective analysis was performed for 12 patients with cervical cancer complicated with VVF. Regardless of surgical resection, radiotherapy alone or combined chemoradiotherapy were carried out in all patients. After VVF was diagnosed by gynecological examination, imaging, and cystoscopy, concurrent double PCN and ureter occlusion stent implantation were performed for all patients. Results: All patients were successfully fulfilled ureter occlusion stent implantation after nephrostomy. The success rate of nephrostomy and stent placement were 100% (12/12). After intervention, urinary fistula immediately disappeared in all patients. One week after operation, bilateral hydronephrosis disappeared in 4 patients, and their renal insufficiency and renal function was back to normal. One month after operation, 6 patients with genital eczema or ulcer and 5 patients with urinary tract infection were cured. During follow-up, there were no recurrence in urinary fistula, renal dysfunction, and other complications. Conclusion: Double PCN combined with ureter occlusion stent could effectively treat cervical cancer complicated with VVF hydronephrosis, urinary tract infection, and renal insufficiency and contribute to alleviate all kinds of clinical discomfort.

13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 460, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) is a systemic connective tissue disorder first identified in Peruvian Paso horses but afflicting other horse breeds as well. Inappropriate accumulation of proteoglycans in connective tissues, most prominently in tendons and ligaments, leads to progressive and debilitating lameness and pain. It is largely unknown what drives the overproduction of proteoglycans, but our previous studies suggest involvement of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), a member of the transforming growth factor-ß (TGFß) family, impacting synthesis of proteoglycans. To identify potential players in pathogenesis of DSLD a new approach utilizing next generation sequencing was undertaken. METHODS: Next generation sequencing was performed using RNA extracted from skin biopsies of six control Peruvian Pasos and six horses with DSLD (4 Peruvian Pasos and 2 warmbloods). The CuffDiff result sets were validated with algorithms used to run them. This was based on the determined false discovery rates derived from the P values adjusted for multiple testing for any given result. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis of transcriptomes revealed differential expression of over 1500 genes, including increased expression of genes for several growth factors (most prominently BMP2, FGF5, CTGF, many members of the EGF family), and mediators of signaling (Fos, Myc, MAPK system), and keratins. Two genes encoding for enzymes involved in synthesis of hyaluronan were also overexpressed. Gene expression was decreased for protein cores of many proteoglycans, several growth factors, most collagens, and many peptides with immune function. CONCLUSIONS: The overexpression of BMP2 correlates well with our previous data. However, the decrease in expression of numerous proteoglycans was unexpected. A mutation in a gene of a less characterized proteoglycan and/or glycosyltransferase with subsequent increased production of hyaluronan and/or a proteoglycan(s) undetected in our study could account for the systemic proteoglycan deposition. Decreased collagen gene expression indicates abnormal connective tissue metabolism. The increased expression of keratin genes and FGF5 supports reports of skin abnormalities in DSLD. Underexpression of immune function genes corresponds with lack of inflammation in DSLD tissues. Finally, though the proteoglycan and/or glycosaminoglycan abundant in DSLD has not been identified, we validated our previous data, including overexpression of BMP2, and systemic nature of DSLD due to disturbed metabolism of the extracellular matrix.

14.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(10)2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036307

RESUMO

Leaf stoichiometry can enhance our understanding of leaf elements' (C, N and P) concentrations and their corresponding ratios in an ecosystem with seasonal environment changes. This study quantified the seasonal dynamics of leaf stoichiometry of P. australis from Yangguan wetland, Dunhuang, China as a case study example. The leaf C concentration (LC) of P. australis changed between seasons and was 392.26 (g×kg-1), 417.35 (g×kg-1) and 392.58 (g×kg-1) in spring, summer and autumn, respectively. Leaf N and P concentrations (LN and LP) were 23.49 (g×kg-1), and 17.54 (g×kg-1) and 5.86 (g×kg-1), and 1.00 (g×kg-1), 0.75 (g×kg-1) and 0.16 (g×kg-1), respectively, in the three seasons. The maximum (77.68) and the minimum values (17.00) of LC:LN were observed in the autumn and spring, respectively. Seasonal variations in LC:LP also showed a similar trend, with the greatest value of 3015.91 in autumn and the lowest value of 429.39 in spring. However, the highest (45.67) and the lowest values (24.18) of LN:LP were observed in autumn and summer, respectively, indicating that the growth of P. australis was mainly affected by P. Based on these results, it can be concluded that P. australis adopted a competition strategy during the early growth stage but took on a defense life strategy at the late growth stage to cope with various environments.

15.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037856

RESUMO

Chitin deacetylases (CDAs, including CDA1 and CDA2) are considered key enzymes for body cuticle formation and tracheal morphogenesis in various insect species. However, their functions in the formation of the cuticular intima of the foregut and hindgut are unclear. Here, we investigated the roles of their respective genes LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 in this process, in the hemimetabolous insect Locusta migratoria. Transcripts of LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 were highly expressed both before and after molting in the foregut. In the hindgut, their expression was high only before molting. In both the foregut and hindgut, LmCDA1 protein was localized in the basal half of the chitin matrix (procuticle), whereas LmCDA2 was detected in the upper half of the procuticle. Knockdown of LmCDA1 by RNA interference (RNAi) in fifth-instar nymphs caused no visible defects of the hindgut cuticle. By contrast, the chitinous lamellae of the cuticular intima in the foregut of knockdown animals were less compact than in control animals. RNAi against LmCDA2 led to thickening of both the foregut and hindgut cuticles, with a greater number of thinner laminae than in the respective control cuticles. Taken together, our results show that LmCDA1 and LmCDA2 have distinct, but overlapping, functions in chitin organization in the foregut cuticle. However, in the hindgut, this process seems independent of LmCDA1 activity but requires LmCDA2 function. Thus, the CDAs reflect tissue-specific differences in cuticular organization and function, which need further detailed molecular and histological analyses for full comprehension. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Pancreas ; 49(9): 1246-1254, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33003087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of early percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) for sterile acute inflammatory pancreatic fluid collection (AIPFC) in acute pancreatitis (AP) of varying severity. METHODS: Retrospective analyses were performed based on the presence of sterile AIPFC and different AP severities according to 2012 Revised Atlanta Classification. RESULTS: Early PCD contributed to obvious decreases in operation rate (OR, P = 0.006), infection rate (IR, P = 0.020), and mortality (P = 0.009) in severe AP (SAP). In moderate SAP with sterile AIPFCs, however, early PCD was associated with increased OR (P = 0.009) and IR (P = 0.040). Subgroup analysis revealed that early PCD led to remarkable decreases in OR for patients with persistent organ failure (OF) within 3 days (P = 0.024 for single OF, P = 0.039 for multiple OF) and in mortality for patients with multiple OF (P = 0.041 for OF within 3 days and P = 0.055 for 3-14 days). Moreover, lower mortality was found in SAP patients with early PCD-induced infections than with spontaneous infections (P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Early PCD may improve the prognosis of SAP with drainable sterile AIPFCs by reducing the OR, IR, and mortality.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 206: 111385, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010595

RESUMO

The effect of aldehyde exposure on the cardiovascular system remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether aldehyde exposure is associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We analyzed associations between aldehydes and CVD using data from 1962 adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2013 to 2014. Multivariable logistic regression and restricted cubic spline models were used to examine the association between aldehydes and CVD. The prevalence of CVD was 10.3%. After adjusting for confounding factors, including age, sex, education level, race, diabetes mellitus, smoking, alcohol use, hypertension, body mass index, the poverty-income ratio, physical activity, energy intake, high-density cholesterol (HDL) and low-density cholesterol (LDL), compared with the lowest quartiles, the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVD across the quartiles were 0.52 (0.31, 0.87), 0.73 (0.43, 1.22), and 1.13 (0.68, 1.86) for benzaldehyde and 1.48 (0.87, 2.52), 1.70 (1.01, 2.92), and 2.13 (1.19, 3.86) for isopentanaldehyde. There was no significant association between other aldehydes and CVD. The restricted cubic spline plot showed a J-curve relationship between benzaldehyde and CVD. The inflection point for the curve was found at a benzaldehyde level of 0.98 ng/ml. The ORs (95% CIs) for CVD were 0.51 (0.31, 0.86) and 1.58 (1.15, 2.17) on the left and right sides of the inflection point, respectively. Our results demonstrate a J-curve relationship between benzaldehyde and CVD. Isopentanaldehyde is positively associated with CVD. Further study is warranted to verify this association and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms.

18.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045741

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to play important roles in transcriptional processes and various biological functions. Establishing a comprehensive collection of human lncRNA sets is urgent work at present. Using reference lncRNA sets, enrichment analyses will be useful for analyzing lncRNA lists of interest submitted by users. Therefore, we developed a human lncRNA sets database, called LncSEA, which aimed to document a large number of available resources for human lncRNA sets and provide annotation and enrichment analyses for lncRNAs. LncSEA supports >40 000 lncRNA reference sets across 18 categories and 66 sub-categories, and covers over 50 000 lncRNAs. We not only collected lncRNA sets based on downstream regulatory data sources, but also identified a large number of lncRNA sets regulated by upstream transcription factors (TFs) and DNA regulatory elements by integrating TF ChIP-seq, DNase-seq, ATAC-seq and H3K27ac ChIP-seq data. Importantly, LncSEA provides annotation and enrichment analyses of lncRNA sets associated with upstream regulators and downstream targets. In summary, LncSEA is a powerful platform that provides a variety of types of lncRNA sets for users, and supports lncRNA annotations and enrichment analyses. The LncSEA database is freely accessible at http://bio.liclab.net/LncSEA/index.php.

19.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048270

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Visualization of tumor necrosis can determine tumor response to therapy. Our previous study showed that the rhein-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent with alkane linker (GdL2) could clearly image tumor necrosis. However, its water solubility and cell safety needed to be improved. Herein, three rhein-based MRI agents with ether or lysine linkers were designed. PROCEDURES: Three rhein-based MRI agents were synthesized with a tetracarbon ether (GdP1), a hexacarbon ether (GdP2), and a lysine (GdP3) linker, respectively. Their octanol-water partition coefficients (log P) and cytotoxicity were determined. Necrosis avidity of the leading agent was explored on HepG2 cells and ischemia reperfusion-induced liver necrosis (IRLN) rats by MRI. The effect of visualization of tumor necrosis was tested on nude mice with W256 tumor treated by combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA4P). DNA binding assays were applied to evaluate the possible necrosis-avidity mechanism of the leading agent. RESULTS: The log P of three agents (- 1.66 ± 0.09, - 1.74 ± 0.01, - 1.95 ± 0.01) decreased when compared with GdL2, indicating higher water solubility. GdP1 not only presented lower cytotoxicity and good necrotic affinity in vitro and in vivo, but also can be fast excreted by renal. According to MRI results of tumor, distinct visualization of tumor necrosis can be discernible from 3 to 4.5 h post-injection of GdP1. In DNA-binding assays, the fluorescence quenching constant KSV (1.00 × 104 M-1) and the ultraviolet binding constant Kb (1.11 × 104 M-1) suggested that GdP1 may bind to DNA through intercalation. CONCLUSION: GdP1 may serve as a potential candidate for early evaluation of tumor response to CA4P treatment.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124160, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010716

RESUMO

Sulfonamide antibiotics (SMs), as a class of antibiotics commonly used in swine industries, pose a serious threat to animal and human health. This study aims to evaluate the performance of an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) with and without supplying a new pomelo peel derived biochar to treat swine wastewater containing SMs. Results show that 0.5 g/L biochar addition could increase more than 30% of sulfadiazine (SDZ) and sulfamethazine (SMZ) removal in AnMBR. Approximately 95% of chemical oxygen demand (COD) was removed in the AnMBR at an influent organic loading rate (OLR) of 3.27 kg COD/(m3·d) while an average methane yield was 0.2 L/g CODremoved with slightly change at a small dose 0.5 g/L biochar addition. SMs inhibited the COD removal and methane production and increased membrane fouling. The addition of biochar could reduce the membrane fouling by reducing the concentration of SMP and EPS.

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