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1.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20200734, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare tooth movement rate and histological responses with three different force magnitude designs under osteoperforation in rabbit models. METHODOLOGY: 48 rabbits were divided into three groups: Group A, Group B, and Group C, with traction force of 50 g, 100 g, 150 g, respectively. Osteoperforation was performed at the mesial of the right mandibular first premolar, the left side was not affected. One mini-screw was inserted into bones between two central incisors. Coil springs were fixed to the first premolars and the mini-screw. Tooth movement distance was calculated, and immunohistochemical staining of PCNA, OCN, VEGF, and TGF-ß1 was analyzed. RESULTS: The tooth movement distance on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.01). No significant intergroup difference was observed for the surgical side in tooth movement distance among the three groups (P>0.05). For the control side, tooth movement distance in Group A was significantly smaller than Groups B and C (P<0.001); no significant difference in tooth movement distance between Group B and Group C was observed (P>0.05). On the tension area of the moving premolar, labeling of PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-ß1 were confirmed in alveolar bone and periodontal ligament in all groups. PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-ß1 on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Osteoperforation could accelerate orthodontic tooth movement rate in rabbits. Fast osteoperforation-assisted tooth movement in rabbits was achieve with light 50 g traction.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Dente Pré-Molar , Coelhos
2.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 356, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824281

RESUMO

Circular RNAs have been reported to play significant roles in regulating pathophysiological processes while also guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, only a few circRNAs have been identified thus far. Herein, we investigated the role of a specific closed-loop structure of hsa_circ_101555 that was generated by back-splicing of the host gene casein kinase 1 gamma 1 (CSNK1G1) in the development and proliferation of HCC. We investigated the expression of Hsa_circ_101555 in HCC and normal tissues using bioinformatics. The expression level of hsa_circ_101555 was further detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and qRT-PCR in ten HCC patients. Transwell, migration, WST-1 assays, and colony formation assays were used to evaluate the role of hsa_circ_101555 in HCC development and proliferation. The regulatory mechanisms of hsa_circ_101555 in miR-145-5p and CDCA3 were determined by dual luciferase reporter assay. A mouse xenograft model was also used to determine the effect of hsa_circ_101555 on HCC growth in vivo. hsa_circ_101555 showed greater stability than the linear RNA; while in vitro and in vivo results demonstrated that hsa_circ_101555 silencing significantly suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells. Rescue experiments further demonstrated that suppression of miR-145-5p significantly attenuated the biological effects of hsa_circ_101555 knockdown in HCC cells. We also identified a putative oncogene CDCA3 as a potential miR-145-5p target. Thus, our results demonstrated that hsa_circ_101555 might function as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-145-5p to upregulate CDCA3 expression in HCC. These findings suggest that hsa_circ_101555 may be a potential therapeutic target for patients with HCC.

3.
World Neurosurg ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812066

RESUMO

Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a pathological process in which lamellar bone is deposited at the posterior longitudinal ligament and can lead to a limited range of cervical motion and spinal cord compression. A 64-year-old man presented to the clinic department with a 10-month history of worsening clumsiness in the hands and impaired gait, and he occasionally had a feeling of an electric shock in the limbs when the neck was flexed. The physical examination revealed atrophy of the intrinsic hand muscles, rapid reflexes in the lower extremities, and positive Hoffman sign and Babinski sign results. "Seesaw"-like OPLL was observed on the hyperextension and hyperflexion X-rays, which also showed that the case of OPLL involved the spinal canal; laminoplasty and laminectomy were not recommended for this specific type of OPLL, even though the K-line was positive on both X-rays.

4.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1734, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741940

RESUMO

As low-cost electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction applied to fuel cells and metal-air batteries, atomic-dispersed transition metal-nitrogen-carbon materials are emerging, but the genuine mechanism thereof is still arguable. Herein, by rational design and synthesis of dual-metal atomically dispersed Fe,Mn/N-C catalyst as model object, we unravel that the O2 reduction preferentially takes place on FeIII in the FeN4 /C system with intermediate spin state which possesses one eg electron (t2g4eg1) readily penetrating the antibonding π-orbital of oxygen. Both magnetic measurements and theoretical calculation reveal that the adjacent atomically dispersed Mn-N moieties can effectively activate the FeIII sites by both spin-state transition and electronic modulation, rendering the excellent ORR performances of Fe,Mn/N-C in both alkaline and acidic media (halfwave positionals are 0.928 V in 0.1 M KOH, and 0.804 V in 0.1 M HClO4), and good durability, which outperforms and has almost the same activity of commercial Pt/C, respectively. In addition, it presents a superior power density of 160.8 mW cm-2 and long-term durability in reversible zinc-air batteries. The work brings new insight into the oxygen reduction reaction process on the metal-nitrogen-carbon active sites, undoubtedly leading the exploration towards high effective low-cost non-precious catalysts.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 6854, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767225

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) represents the third leading cause of death among cancer patients below the age of 50, necessitating improved treatment and prevention initiatives. A crude methanol extract from the wood pulp of Artocarpus heterophyllus was found to be the most bioactive among multiple others, and an enriched extract containing 84% (w/v) artocarpin (determined by HPLC-MS-DAD) was prepared. The enriched extract irreversibly inhibited the activity of human cytochrome P450 CYP2C9, an enzyme previously shown to be overexpressed in CRC models. In vitro evaluations on heterologously expressed microsomes, revealed irreversible inhibitory kinetics with an IC50 value of 0.46 µg/mL. Time- and concentration-dependent cytotoxicity was observed on human cancerous HCT116 cells with an IC50 value of 4.23 mg/L in 72 h. We then employed the azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) colitis-induced model in C57BL/6 mice, which revealed that the enriched extract suppressed tumor multiplicity, reduced the protein expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and attenuated the gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines (Il-6 and Ifn-γ) and protumorigenic markers (Pcna, Axin2, Vegf, and Myc). The extract significantly (p = 0.03) attenuated (threefold) the gene expression of murine Cyp2c37, an enzyme homologous to the human CYP2C9 enzyme. These promising chemopreventive, cytotoxic, anticancer and anti-inflammatory responses, combined with an absence of toxicity, validate further evaluation of A. heterophyllus extract as a therapeutic agent.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(3): 275, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723215

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) causes more deaths than any other gynecological cancer. Many cellular pathways have been elucidated to be associated with OC development and progression. Specifically, the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor/insulin receptor substrate 1 (IGF1R/IRS1) pathway participates in OC development. Moreover, accumulating evidence has shown that microRNA deregulation contributes to tumor initiation and progression. Here, our study aimed to investigate the molecular functions and regulatory mechanisms of miR-150, specifically, in OC. We found that the expression of miR-150-5p/3p and their precursor, mir-150, was downregulated in OC tissues; lower mir-150 levels were associated with poor OC patient outcomes. Ectopic mir-150 expression inhibited OC cell growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, both IRS1 and IGF1R were confirmed as direct targets of miR-150-5p/3p, and the miR-150-IGF1R/IRS1 axis exerted antitumor effects via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) positively regulated the expression of miR-150-5p/3p by binding to the mir-150 promoter. In turn, the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway downregulated FoxP3 and miR-150-5p/3p. Taken together, these findings indicate that a complex FoxP3-miR-150-IGF1R/IRS1-PI3K/AKT/mTOR feedback loop regulates OC pathogenesis, providing a novel mechanism for miR-150 as a tumor suppressor miRNA in OC.

7.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 66(7): 720-726, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33520336

RESUMO

Fully inactivating SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing coronavirus disease 2019, is of key importance for interrupting virus transmission but is currently performed by using biologically or environmentally hazardous disinfectants. Herein, we report an eco-friendly and efficient electrochemical strategy for inactivating the SARS-CoV-2 using in-situ formed nickel oxide hydroxide as anode catalyst and sodium carbonate as electrolyte. At a voltage of 5 V, the SARS-CoV-2 viruses can be rapidly inactivated with disinfection efficiency reaching 95% in only 30 s and 99.99% in 5 min. Mass spectrometry analysis and theoretical calculations indicate that the reactive oxygen species generated on the anode can oxidize the peptide chains and induce cleavage of the peptide backbone of the receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein, and thereby disables the virus. This strategy provides a sustainable and highly efficient approach for the disinfection of the SARS-CoV-2 viruliferous aerosols and wastewater.

8.
Redox Biol ; : 101880, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541845

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is emerging as an important contributor to the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC), however, the molecular mechanisms by which the disturbed redox balance regulates CRC development remain undefined. Using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based lipidomics, we found that epoxyketooctadecenoic acid (EKODE), which is a lipid peroxidation product, was among the most dramatically increased lipid molecules in the colon of azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced CRC mice. This is, at least in part, due to increased oxidative stress in colon tumors, as assessed by analyzing gene expression of oxidative markers in AOM/DSS-induced CRC mice and human CRC patients in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Systemic, short-time treatment with low-dose EKODE increased the severity of DSS-induced colitis, caused intestinal barrier dysfunction and enhanced lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/bacterial translocation, and exacerbates the development of AOM/DSS-induced CRC in mice. Furthermore, treatment with EKODE, at nM doses, induced inflammatory responses via JNK-dependent mechanisms in both colon cancer cells and macrophage cells. Overall, these results demonstrate that the lipid peroxidation product EKODE is an important mediator of colonic inflammation and colon tumorigenesis, providing a novel mechanistic linkage between oxidative stress and CRC development.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 50(4): 1189-1196, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438684

RESUMO

Gas therapy as a burgeoning and promising research field has attracted considerable attention in biomedicine due to its high therapeutic efficacy, biocompatibility, and biosafety. However, the lack of tumor site accumulation and controlled release of therapeutic gas molecules limited the therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, the development of gas-releasing nanoplatforms to realize tumor targeting and controllable release is highly desired. The structural diversity and tailorability and ultrahigh surface area make metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) find potential applications in the delivery and release of gas or gas releasing molecules (GRMs). In this Frontier article, we provide an overview of the recent developments achieved in gas-involving cancer therapy using MOFs or MOF-based materials. The main emphasis is focused on the design of multifunctional MOF-based nanoplatforms for the delivery and release of therapeutic gas molecules, and emphasizing their synergistic mechanism against tumor. Moreover, the challenges, future trends, and prospects of gas-related cancer therapy are also discussed.

10.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(6): 1698-1706, 2021 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495772

RESUMO

The overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in multidrug resistance (MDR) cancer cells increases the efflux of anticancer drugs thereby causing the failure of clinical chemotherapy. To address this obstacle, in this study, we rationally designed a near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive nitric oxide (NO) delivery nanoplatform for targeting the MDR tumors based on core-shell structured nanocomposites. The mesoporous silica shell provided abundant sites for modification of the NO donor, N-diazeniumdiolate, and tumor-targeting molecule, folic acid (FA), and enabled high encapsulation capacity for doxorubicin (DOX) loading. Under NIR light irradiation, the generation of NO gas can efficiently augment chemotherapeutic effects via the inhibition of P-gp expression. Simultaneously, the photothermal conversion agents of the Cu2-xSe core produce a large amount of heat for photothermal therapy (PTT). Finally, this combinational gas/chemo/PTT not only displays a superior and synergistic effect for overcoming MDR cancer, but also provides an efficient strategy to construct a multifunctional nano-drug delivery system with diversified therapeutic modalities.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123954, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33264998

RESUMO

Animal slurry storage is an important source of NH3 emission which has raised a high attention regarding its influence on air quality and environment health. There is an urgent need to develop an efficient, green and safe technology for reducing NH3 emission. This study introduced a novel method of reducing NH3 emission from dairy slurry storage using H2SO4 modified expanded vermiculite cover (H2SO4-VM1). Results showed that NH3 mitigation of 87% was achieved in the treatment of H2SO4-VM1 during 77 days of slurry storage, which could be mainly caused by conversion of free NH3 to NH4+ in acidified slurry surface and vermiculite layer, the cover barrier for gases emissions, NH4+ adsorption by vermiculite cover, and direct adsorption of free NH3 in the vermiculite layer. The NH3 mitigation of H2SO4-VM1 was comparable to that (90%) of the traditional method of H2SO4 acidification for slurry storage (H2SO4-AC1). The N2O emission, H2S emission, and H2SO4 consumption in H2SO-VM1 were 28, 93 and 39% lower than those in H2SO4-AC1, respectively. Economic cost calculated based on material input in H2SO-VM1 method was 0.40 USD m-2 slurry. It's suggested that H2SO4-VM1 can be a possible alternative for reducing NH3 emissions from animal slurry storage.

12.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 350, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective study that compares mandibular growth changes in skeletal Class II patients treated by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and following fixed appliance with those patients treated by Twin-Block (TB) and following fixed appliance. METHODS: Fourteen patients treated by RME and following fixed appliance were included into the RME group. Fifteen patients treated by Twin-Block and following fixed appliance were included into the TB group. Lateral cephalometric radiographs taken before treatment and immediately after fixed appliance treatment were used to evaluate mandibular growth effects. RESULTS: The starting forms of the patients in the two groups were examined to be of good comparability. The mandibular length increased significantly in both groups as measured by Co-Gn, Go-Gn and Ar-Gn, but the TB group didn't show more mandibular growth than the RME group (P > 0.05). Skeletal changes of the mandible in vertical dimension were different in the two groups. The change in FMA was 0.35° in the RME group, while the change was 2.65° in the TB group (P < 0.001). The change in LAFH was 5.14 mm in the RME group, significantly smaller than the change of 10.19 mm in the TB group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The investigated Phase I treatment with RME followed by Phase II treatment of fixed appliance achieved the same increases in sagittal mandibular growth and facial profile improvements as the Twin-Block therapy. The treatment with RME followed by fixed appliance was better for vertical control, while the treatment with Twin-Block followed by fixed appliance significantly increased the mandibular plane angle.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038829

RESUMO

Emerging research supports that soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), an enzyme involved in eicosanoid metabolism, could be a promising target for obesity-associated disorders. The sEH enzyme is overexpressed in many tissues of obese animals. Genetic ablation or pharmacological inhibition of sEH attenuates the development of a wide range of obesity-induced disorders, including endoplasmic reticulum stress, metabolic syndrome, kidney diseases, insulin resistance, fatty liver, hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. Furthermore, our recent research showed that genetic ablation or inhibition of sEH attenuated obesity-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction and its resulted bacterial translocation, which is widely regarded to be a central mechanism for the pathogenesis of various obesity-induced disorders. Together, these results support that targeting sEH could be a promising strategy to reduce risks of obesity-induced disorders, at least in part through blocking obesity-induced leaky gut syndrome.

14.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(9): 5252-5268, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042417

RESUMO

Atorvastatin (ATO), one of the most common cholesterol reduction agents, exhibits anti-neoplastic effects in several human cancers. However, the antitumor effects of ATO on cervical cancer have not been extensively reported. Recently, autophagy inhibitors are reported to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapeutics. Here, we showed that ATO reduced cell viability and promoted apoptosis of cervical cancer cells by inducing caspase-3 and PARP activation and upregulating Bim. Treatment of ATO also suppressed tumor growth in vivo. In addition, co-culture with GGPP almost completely reversed the morphological change and apoptosis induced by ATO in cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, ATO induced cellular autophagy in cervical cancer cells, which was confirmed by an increase of LC3-I into LC3-II conversion, downregulation of p62 expression, regulation of AMPK and Akt/mTOR pathways. Moreover, pharmacologic inhibition of autophagy using either Baf-A1 or 3-MA significantly enhanced ATO-mediated apoptosis on cervical cancer cells. In conclusion, combination of ATO with autophagy inhibitors could emerge as a new therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer treatment.

15.
Int Orthop ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accuracy of robot-assisted pedicle screw implantation is a safe and effective method in lumbar surgery, but it still remains controversial in lumbar revision surgery. This study evaluated the clinical safety and accuracy of robot-assisted versus freehand pedicle screw implantation in lumbar revision surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. From January 2018 to December 2019, 81 patients underwent posterior lumbar revision surgery in our hospital. Among them, 39 patients underwent revision surgery performed with robot-assisted pedicle screw implantation (Renaissance robotic system), whereas the remaining 42 patients underwent traditional freehand pedicle screw implantation. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and X-ray before revision surgery. The sex, age, body mass index, bone mineral density, operative time, blood loss, operative segments, intra-operative fluoroscopy time, and complications were compared between the two groups. The accuracy of pedicle screw implantation was measured on CT scans based on Gertzbein Robbins grading, and the invasion of superior level facet joint was evaluated by Babu's method. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference about the baseline between the two groups (P > 0.05). Although there were no significant differences in operative time and complications between the two groups (P > 0.05), the robot-assisted group had significantly less intra-operative blood loss and shorter intra-operative fluoroscopy times than the freehand group (P < 0.05). In the robot-assisted group, a total of 267 screws were inserted, which were marked as grade A in 250, grade B in 13, grade C in four, and no grade D or E in any screw. In terms of invasion of superior level facet joint, a total of 78 screws were inserted in the robot-assisted group, which were marked as grade 0 in 73, grade 1 in four, grade 2 in one, and grade 3 in zero. By comparison, 288 screws were placed in total in the freehand group, which were rated as grade A in 251, grade B in 28, grade C in eight, grade D in one, and no grade E in any screw. A total of 82 superior level facet joint screws were inserted in freehand group, which were marked as grade 0 in 62, grade one in 18, grade 2 in two, and grade 3 in zero. The robot-assisted technique was statistically superior to the freehand method in the accuracy of screw placement (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with freehand screw implantation, in lumbar revision surgery, the Renaissance robot had higher accuracy and safety of pedicle screw implantation, fewer superior level facet joint violations, and less intra-operative blood loss and intra-operative fluoroscopy time.

16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1142-1148, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929908

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the safety and accuracy of manual and robot-assisted cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screws fixation in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with osteoporosis. Methods: The clinical data of 58 cases of lumbar degenerative disease with osteoporosis treated by CBT screw fixation between February 2017 and February 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 29 cases were fixed with CBT screws assisted by robot (group A), 29 cases were fixed with CBT screws by hand (group B). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of gender, age, body mass index, lesion type, T-value of bone mineral density, and operative segment ( P>0.05), with comparability. The accuracy of implant was evaluated by Kaito's grading method, and the invasion of CBT screw to the superior articular process was evaluated by Babu's method. Results: The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in group A were significantly less than those in group B ( t=-8.921, P=0.000; t=-14.101, P=0.000). One hundred and sixteen CBT screws were implanted in the two groups. At 3 days after operation, according to the Kaito's grading method, the accuracy of implant in group A was 108 screws of grade 0, 6 of grade 1, and 2 of grade 2; and in group B was 86 screws of grade 0, 12 of grade 1, and 18 of grade 2; the difference was significant ( Z=4.007, P=0.000). There were 114 accepted screws (98.3%) in group A and 98 (84.5%) in group B, the difference was significant ( χ 2=8.309, P=0.009). At 3 days after operation, according to Babu's method, there were 85 screws in grade 0, 3 in grade 1, and 2 in grade 2 in group A; and in group B, there were 91 screws in grade 0, 16 in grade 1, 5 in grade 2, and 4 in grade 3; the difference was significant ( Z=7.943, P=0.000). No serious injury of spinal cord, nerve, and blood vessel was found in the two groups. One patient in group A had delayed cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and 2 patients in group B had mild anemia. Both groups were followed up 10-14 months (mean, 11.6 months). The neurological symptoms were improved, and no screw loosening or fracture was found during the follow-up. Conclusion: Compared with manual implantation of CBT screw, robot-assisted spinal implant has higher accuracy, lower incidence of invasion of superior articular process, and strong holding power of CBT screw, which can be applied to the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Parafusos Pediculares , Robótica , Fusão Vertebral , Osso Cortical , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(39): 44205-44214, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871067

RESUMO

Shape deformable hydrogels have drawn great attention due to their wide applications as soft actuators. Here we report a novel kind of mechanically strong, tough, and shape deformable poly(acrylamide-co-vinylimidazole) [poly(AAm-co-VI)] hydrogel prepared by photoinitiated copolymerization and the followed immersing in a Cu2+ aqueous solution. Strong Cu2+ complexation with imidazole groups dramatically enhances the mechanical properties of the hydrogels, whose tensile strength, elastic modulus, toughness, and fracture energy reach up to 7.7 ± 0.76 MPa, 15.4 ± 1.2 MPa, 23.2 ± 2.5 MJ m-3, and 22.1 ± 2.3 kJ m-2, respectively. More impressively, shape deformation (bending) can be easily achieved by coating Cu2+ solution on one side of hydrogel strips. Furthermore, precise control of the shape deformation from 1D to 2D and 2D to 3D can be achieved by adjusting Cu2+ concentration, coating time, region, and one or two side(s) of hydrogel samples. The Cu2+ complexation provides a simple way to simultaneously improve the mechanical properties of hydrogels and enable them with shape deformability. The mechanically strong, tough, and shape deformable hydrogels might be a promising candidate for soft actuators.

18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 348, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We propose a new classification system for chronic symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (CSOTF) based on fracture morphology. Research on CSOTF has increased in recent years; however, the lack of a standard classification system has resulted in inconvenient communication, research, and treatment. Previous CSOTF classification studies exhibit different symptoms, with none being widely accepted. METHODS: Imaging data of 368 patients with CSOTF treated at our hospital from January 2010 to June 2017 were systematically analyzed to develop a classification system. Imaging examinations included dynamic radiography, computed tomography scans, and magnetic resonance imaging. Ten investigators methodically studied the classification system grading in 40 cases on two occasions, examined 1 month apart. Kappa coefficients (κ) were calculated to determine intraobserver and interobserver reliability. Based on the radiographic characteristics, the patients were divided into 5 types, and different treatments were suggested for each type. Clinical outcome evaluation included using the visual analog score (VAS), the Oswestry disability index (ODI), and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale. RESULTS: The new classification system for CSOTF was divided into types I-V according to whether the CSOTF exhibited dynamic instability, spinal stenosis or kyphosis deformity. Intra- and interobserver reliability were excellent for all types (κ = 0.83 and 0.85, respectively). The VAS score and ODI of each type were significantly improved at the final follow-up compared with those before surgery. In all patients with neurological impairment, the ASIA grading after surgery was significantly improved compared with that before surgery (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The new classification system for CSOTF demonstrated excellent reliability in this initial assessment. The treatment algorithm based on the classification can result in satisfactory improvement of clinical efficacy for the patients of CSOFT.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(30): 8008-8015, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610897

RESUMO

A typical glycoconjugate of glutamic acid, namely, N-(ß-d-deoxyfructos-1-yl)-l-glutamic acid, was successfully synthesized as the primary isomer in a yield of 96.08% using a food-grade preparation method, and its chemical structure was clearly demonstrated by mass spectrometry and 1D/2D NMR. The reaction kinetics of glucose and glutamic acid were systematically studied to investigate the effect of lyophilization and thermal treatment on the conversion of reactants to their corresponding Amadori rearrangement product (ARP). Interestingly, besides the initial pH value, temperature, and heating time, the initial concentration of glutamic acid also influenced the final yield because intramolecular dehydration occurred at the same time, competing with the Maillard reaction and degrading reaction. Moreover, a similar Amadori compound of carnosine was also prepared in a yield of about 66.38% and the yield could be further improved to 95% after condition optimization. One major isomer of the corresponding ARP of the peptide was confirmed to be N-(ß-d-deoxyfructos-1-yl)-ß-alanyl-l-histidine by structure characterization, indicating that this is a good method to prepare the N-(ß-d-deoxyfructos-1-yl)-amino acid/peptide.

20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(7)2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709047

RESUMO

The rational-based neuro-transfer function (neuro-TF) method is a popular method for parametric modeling of electromagnetic (EM) behavior of microwave components. However, when the order in the neuro-TF becomes high, the sensitivities of the model response with respect to the coefficients of the transfer function become high. Due to this high-sensitivity issue, small training errors in the coefficients of the transfer function will result in large errors in the model output, leading to the difficulty in training of the neuro-TF model. This paper proposes a new decomposition technique to address this high-sensitivity issue. In the proposed technique, we decompose the original neuro-TF model with high order of transfer function into multiple sub-neuro-TF models with much lower order of transfer function. We then reformulate the overall model as the combination of the sub-neuro-TF models. New formulations are derived to determine the number of sub-models and the order of transfer function for each sub-model. Using the proposed decomposition technique, we can decrease the sensitivities of the overall model response with respect to the coefficients of the transfer function in each sub-model. Therefore, the modeling approach using the proposed decomposition technique can increase the modeling accuracy. Two EM parametric modeling examples are used to demonstrate the proposed decomposition technique.

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