Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33501698

RESUMO

Polymerization sites of small molecule acceptors (SMAs) plays a vital role in determining device performance of all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). Different from our recent work about fluoro- and bromo- co-modified end group of IC-FBr (a mixture of IC-FBr1 and IC-FBr2), in this paper, we synthesized and purified two regiospecific fluoro- and bromo- substituted end groups (IC-FBr- o & IC-FBr- m ), which were then employed to construct two regio-regular polymer acceptors named PYF-T- o and PYF-T- m respectively. In comparison with its isomeric counterparts named PYF-T- m with different conjugated coupling sites, PYF-T- o exhibits stronger and bathochromic absorption to achieve better photon harvesting. Meanwhile, PYF-T- o adopts more ordered inter-chain packing and suitable phase separation after blending with the donor polymer PM6, which resulted in suppressed charge recombination and efficient charge transport. Strikingly, we observed a dramatic performance difference between the two isomeric polymer acceptors PYF-T- o and PYF-T- m . While devices based on PM6:PYF-T- o can yield power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15.2%, devices based on PM6:PYF-T- m only show poor efficiencies of 1.4%. This work demonstrates the success of configuration-unique fluorinated end groups in designing high-performance regular polymer acceptors, which provides guidelines towards developing all-PSCs with better efficiencies.

2.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328586

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has suggested the crucial role cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) in the biology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a lethal malignancy with high morbidity and mortality. Hence, this study explored the modulatory effect of the putative cyclin-dependent kinase 11B (CDK11B)-mediated ubiquitination on HCC stem cells. The expression of CDK11B, SAM pointed domain-containing ETS transcription factor (SPDEF) and DOT1-like histone lysine methyltransferase (DOT1L) was determined by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis in HCC tissues and cells. The interaction among CDK11B, SPDEF, miR-448, and DOT1L was analyzed by Co-IP, ubiquitination-IP and ChIP assays, whereas their effects on the biological characteristics of HCC stem cells were assessed by sphere formation and colony formation assays. An in vivo xenograft tumor model was developed for validating the regulation of CDK11B in oncogenicity of HCC stem cells. We characterized the aberrant upregulation of CDK11B and downregulation SPDEF in HCC tissues and cells. CDK11B degraded SPDEF through ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, whereas SPDEF could bind to the miR-448 promoter and inhibit the expression of DOT1L by activating miR-448, whereby promoting self-renewal of HCC stem cells. Knockdown of CDK11B attenuated the self-renewal capability of HCC stem cells and their oncogenicity in vivo. These findings highlighted that blocking the CDK11B-induced degradation of SPDEF and enhancing miR-448-dependent inhibition of DOT1L may delay the progression of HCC by restraining self-renewal capability of HCC stem cells, representing novel targets for HCC management.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e2003500, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185952

RESUMO

Developing high-performance donor polymers is important for nonfullerene organic solar cells (NF-OSCs), as state-of-the-art nonfullerene acceptors can only perform well if they are coupled with a matching donor with suitable energy levels. However, there are very limited choices of donor polymers for NF-OSCs, and the most commonly used ones are polymers named PM6 and PM7, which suffer from several problems. First, the performance of these polymers (particularly PM7) relies on precise control of their molecular weights. Also, their optimal morphology is extremely sensitive to any structural modification. In this work, a family of donor polymers is developed based on a random polymerization strategy. These polymers can achieve well-controlled morphology and high-performance with a variety of chemical structures and molecular weights. The polymer donors are D-A1-D-A2-type random copolymers in which the D and A1 units are monomers originating from PM6 or PM7, while the A2 unit comprises an electron-deficient core flanked by two thiophene rings with branched alkyl chains. Consequently, multiple cases of highly efficient NF-OSCs are achieved with efficiencies between 16.0% and 17.1%. As the electron-deficient cores can be changed to many other structural units, the strategy can easily expand the choices of high-performance donor polymers for NF-OSCs.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2005348, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150638

RESUMO

With power conversion efficiency now over 17%, a long operational lifetime is essential for the successful application of organic solar cells. However, most non-fullerene acceptors can crystallize and destroy devices, yet the fundamental underlying thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of acceptor crystallization have received limited attention. Here, room-temperature (RT) diffusion coefficients of 3.4 × 10-23 and 2.0 × 10-22 are measured for ITIC-2Cl and ITIC-2F, two state-of-the-art non-fullerene acceptors. The low coefficients are enough to provide for kinetic stabilization of the morphology against demixing at RT. Additionally profound differences in crystallization characteristics are discovered between ITIC-2F and ITIC-2Cl. The differences as observed by secondary-ion mass spectrometry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, and microscopy can be related directly to device degradation and are attributed to the significantly different nucleation and growth rates, with a difference in the growth rate of a factor of 12 at RT. ITIC-4F and ITIC-4Cl exhibit similar characteristics. The results reveal the importance of diffusion coefficients and melting enthalpies in controlling the growth rates, and that differences in halogenation can drastically change crystallization kinetics and device stability. It is furthermore delineated how low nucleation density and large growth rates can be inferred from DSC and microscopy experiments which could be used to guide molecular design for stability.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(48): e23409, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Talaromyces marneffei (T marneffei), known as a significant pathogen in patients with AIDS in Southeast Asia, is a dimorphic fungus, which can cause deadly systematic infection in immunocompromised hosts. What is more, the dimorphic phase transition has been reported as a conspicuous process linked with virulence. Interestingly, the yeast form was found in infected individuals, representing the pathogenic phase. However, few researches were found to study the mechanism of dimorphic transition. Thus, a diverse insight into the dimorphic switch mechanism, is urgently needed and we are the first one to research the mechanism of dimorphism. METHODS: Firstly, we investigated the microarray of T. marneffei in the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GEO) for differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Then Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) v6.8 was employed to analyze the underlying enrichment and pathway in biological process of DEGs. Meanwhile, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using STRING database. On the strength of the theory that similar amino acid sequences share similar structures, which play a decisive role on the function of protein, three dimensional structures of hub-genes were predicted to further investigate the likely function of hub-genes. RESULTS: GSE51109 was elected as the eligible series for the purpose of our research, including GSM1238923 (GSM23), GSM1238924 (GSM24), and GSM1238925 (GSM25). PMAA_012920, PMAA_028730, PMAA_068140, PMAA_092900, PMAA_032350 were the most remarkable genes in all of the three PPI networks, thus, were viewed as hub-genes. With regard to the three-dimensional construction, except that there was no significant prediction structure of PMAA_092900 with the criterion seq identify > 30%, GMQE: 0-1, QMEAN4: -4-0, the parallel templates for four structures were Crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevesiae mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase in complex with isocitrate, Organellar two-pore channels (TPCs), Yeast Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (Apo Form) and Crystal Structure Of ATP-Dependent Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase From Thermus thermophilus HB8 in order. CONCLUSION: The dimorphic transition of T. marneffei was viewed as a pathogenic factor and DEGs were observed. In-depth study of the function and pathway of DEGs revealed that PMAA_012920, PMAA_028730, PMAA_068140, PMAA_092900, PMAA_032350 were most likely acting as the hub-genes and were likely taking effect through regulating energy metabolism.

6.
ACS Nano ; 14(10): 14228-14239, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001627

RESUMO

The brightness of organic fluorescence materials determines their resolution and sensitivity in fluorescence display and detection. However, strategies to effectively enhance the brightness are still scarce. Conventional planar π-conjugated molecules display excellent photophysical properties as isolated species but suffer from aggregation-caused quenching effect when aggregated owing to the cofacial π-π interactions. In contrast, twisted molecules show high photoluminescence quantum yield (ΦPL) in aggregate while at the cost of absorption due to the breakage in conjugation. Therefore, it is challenging to integrate the strong absorption and high solid-state ΦPL, which are two main indicators of brightness, into one molecule. Herein, we propose a molecular design strategy to boost the brightness through the incorporation of planar blocks into twisted skeletons. As a proof-of-concept, twisted small-molecule TT3-oCB with larger π-conjugated dithieno[3,2-b:2',3'-d]thiophene unit displays superb brightness at the NIR-IIb (1500-1700 nm) than that of TT1-oCB and TT2-oCB with smaller thiophene and thienothiophene unit, respectively. Whole-body angiography using TT3-oCB nanoparticles presents an apparent vessel width of 0.29 mm. Improved NIR-IIb image resolution is achieved for femoral vessels with an apparent width of only 0.04 mm. High-magnification through-skull microscopic NIR-IIb imaging of cerebral vasculature gives an apparent width of ∼3.3 µm. Moreover, the deeply located internal organ such as bladder is identified with high clarity. The present molecular design philosophy embodies a platform for further development of in vivo bioimaging.

7.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 3811-3816, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122926

RESUMO

Purpose: Talaromyces marneffei is a highly invasive fungus, causing fatal mycosis in patients with or without HIV in Southeast and Eastern Asia. However, its presence in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus is rarely reported. Methods: We reported two SLE patients infected by T. marneffei and reviewed other patients reported in the English literature. All cases were pooled for analysis. Results: Eleven patients with SLE infected with T. marneffei infection were identified, including the two presented here. Three were male and eight were female; all were HIV negative. All the patients, except two where data were missing, had received immunosuppressants before T. marneffei infection. The main clinical features included fever, cough, lymph node enlargement, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rash. Five patients were misdiagnosed as having SLE exacerbation. T. marneffei was detected via culture or histopathologic analysis, with the fungus most commonly found in the blood. Seven of the 11 patients were successfully treated by timely antifungal therapy with concomitant SLE control, while four patients who did not receive antifungal therapy died. Conclusion: T. marneffei infection should be excluded when SLE patients, especially if on long-term immunosuppressants, present with fever, cough, lymph node enlargement, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rash. Controlling the lupus and timely antifungal treatment can improve the outcomes of SLE patients with T. marneffei infection.

8.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(5): 960-966, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004735

RESUMO

As a treatment option for cancer, thermal ablation has satisfactory effects on many types of solid tumors (such as liver and renal cancers). However, its clinical applications for the treatment of thyroid nodules and metastatic cervical lymph nodes are still under debate both in China and abroad. In 2015, the "Zhejiang Expert consensus on thermal ablation for thyroid benign nodules, microcarcinoma, and metastatic cervical lymph nodes (2015 edition)," was released by the Thyroid Cancer Committee of Zhejiang Anti-Cancer Association, China. To further standardize the application of thermal ablation for thyroid tumors, the Thyroid Tumor Ablation Experts Group of Chinese Medical Doctor Association has organized many seminars and finally produced a consensus to formulate the "Expert consensus workshop report: Guidelines for thermal ablation of thyroid tumors (2019 edition)."

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21738, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899003

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anti-interferon-gamma (anti-IFN-γ) autoantibody increases susceptibility to lower-virulence pathogens and causes immunodeficiency syndrome in HIV-negative patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 69-year-old Chinese man presented with a 2-month history of pruritic skin lesions on his forearms, trunk, and legs. He was diagnosed with 5 opportunistic infections without conventional immunosuppression-associated factors in past. The most conspicuous characteristics were recurrent pulmonary infection, persistent immunoglobulin E elevation and eosinophilia during the whole disease course. DIAGNOSIS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed anti-IFN-γ autoantibody positive. The final diagnosis for the patient was adult-onset immunodeficiency due to anti-IFN-γ autoantibody, non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection and reactive dermatosis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent long-term anti-NTM and corticosteroid maintenance treatment. OUTCOMES: The patient was followed for 2 years during which opportunistic infection no longer happened, the immunoglobulin E level and eosinophil count reduced, the autoantibody levels remained largely steady and lung lesions absorbed. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be vigilant for NTM infection in patients with anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies, even when culture results are negative. Long-term anti-non-tuberculous mycobacteria and glucocorticoid regimens were effective.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Interferon gama/imunologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/complicações , Idoso , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Masculino , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas/complicações , Dermatopatias/complicações , Dermatopatias/imunologia
11.
Comput Biol Med ; 125: 104002, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979541

RESUMO

Liver cirrhosis is a common chronic progressive disease with a high mortality rate. The early diagnosis and treatment of liver cirrhosis is an important research subject in the medical field. In this paper, a novel method is proposed for the accurate extraction of the liver capsule and auxiliary diagnosis of cirrhosis based on high frequency ultrasound images. First, a self-developed method is used to extract the predictive capsule of ultrasound images, which involves the detection of liver ascites with sliding windows, image enhancement with multiscale detail and fuzzy set, structure segmentation with morphological processing, and predictive capsule detection with traversal search method. Thereafter, the real capsule is obtained by the gray difference method according to different gray values between the liver capsule region of the original ultrasound images and the set threshold. Finally, according to the analysis of smoothness, as well as the continuity and fluctuation of predictive and real capsule, four novel features called NoL, VoS, CV, and NoF are proposed for the computer auxiliary diagnosis model. This model is designed on the basis of support vector machine and k-means clustering and can classify normal liver and three liver cirrhosis stages. The experimental results reveal that the accuracy of the liver capsule extraction using this model is 95.13% and final classification accuracy of four stages can reach 92.54%, 88.46%, 89.23% and 94.55%, respectively. The results also indicate that the method proposed in this paper can achieve the classification of liver cirrhosis stages much more accurately and efficiently compared with previously utilized methods.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984274

RESUMO

We successfully fabricated artificial bile duct via 3D printing technique which was composed of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and gelatin methacrylate (GelMA). The PLGA-inner layer provided sufficient strength to support the bile duct contraction, the GelMA-outer layer possessed good biocompatibility to provide a good living environment for the cells. Moreover, IKVAV laminin peptide (Ile-Lys-Val-Ala-Val) and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) were used to regulate scaffold cell adhesion and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection, respectively. After BMSCs co-culture with IKVAV at a certain concentration, the survival rate and adhesion of BMSCs was increased obviously. Meanwhile, the fabricated scaffold exhibited the tensile modulus in the range of 17.19 - 29.05 MPa and the compressive modulus in the range of 0.042 - 0.066 MPa, which could meet the needs of human implantation. In an animal experiment in vivo pig bile duct regeneration, PLGA/GelMA/IKVAV/USPIO duct conduits could promote bile duct regeneration and enhance cytokeratin 19 (CK19) expression. In summary, the composite bile duct scaffold with excellent MRI imaging function and biocompatibility could be used to develop bioactive artificial bile ducts.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e21941, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991402

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis (DPL) is a rare condition. Most patients with DPL present dyspnea, cough, expectoration, and hemoptysis. There are few reports of DPL accompanied by thrombocytopenia, whose cause remains unknown. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old male patient presented with recurrent cough, expectoration, and dyspnea for 5 years, and thrombocytopenia was observed during a 2-month follow-up. DIAGNOSIS: Chest computed tomography showed diffuse patchy shadows in both lungs, and pleural and pericardial effusions. Immunohistochemical lung tissue staining showed lymphatic and vascular endothelial cells positive for D2-40, CD31 and CD34. Routine blood test revealed platelets at 62 × 10 cells/L during follow-up. Bone marrow biopsy was normal. Ultrasound revealed no hepatosplenomegaly. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with DPL accompanied by thrombocytopenia. INTERVENTIONS: He was treated by subtotal pericardial resection, thoracocentesis, and anti-infective therapy. Oral prednisone was administered for 2 months. OUTCOMES: The symptoms of cough and shortness of breath were improved, but thrombocytopenia persisted. We investigated the cause of thrombocytopenia. Whole-exome sequencing identified a mutation in exon 3 of the TNFRSF13B gene in this patient. CONCLUSION: DPL may present with thrombocytopenia and DIC. Patients with thrombocytopenia but not DIC and splenomegaly should be screened for gene mutations.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/congênito , Linfangiectasia/congênito , Trombocitopenia/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Pneumopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/genética , Pneumopatias/patologia , Linfangiectasia/complicações , Linfangiectasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfangiectasia/genética , Linfangiectasia/patologia , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Proteína Transmembrana Ativadora e Interagente do CAML , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
14.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(8): 676, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826865

RESUMO

Our study aimed to investigate the expression, functional significance, and related mechanism of long noncoding RNA CRNDE (colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pathogenesis. The resulted revealed that CRNDE was significantly overexpressed in HCC tissues and cell lines, and was statistically correlated with poor clinical outcome. CRNDE knockdown markedly decreased HCC cell proliferation, migration, and chemoresistance. In addition, in vivo experiments confirmed the suppressive effect of CRNDE knockdown on HCC progression. Mechanically, CRNDE directly bound to EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog), SUZ12 (suppressor of zeste 12), SUV39H1, and mediated their inhibition of tumor suppressor genes, including CUGBP Elav-like family member 2 (CELF2) and large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2). CELF2 exerted tumor suppressive effect in HCC and was involved in CRNDE-mediated oncogenic effect. In addition, the oncogenic effects of CRNDE on HCC proliferation, migration and tumorigenesis, as well as its inhibition of Hippo pathway were abolished by LATS2 overexpression. Together, our work demonstrated the importance of CRNDE in HCC progression and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms. These findings provided new insights into HCC pathogenesis and chemoresistance mediated by CRNDE.

15.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(6): ofaa128, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523970

RESUMO

Background: Hematogenous dissemination of Talaromyces marneffei can result in multiorgan involvement (skin, lung, and reticuloendothelial system involvement); however, few studies have reported intestinal T marneffei infections. We investigated clinical features, management, and patient outcomes concerning Talaromyces-related intestinal infections. Methods: Patients with Talaromycosis between August 2012 and April 2019 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, China, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients presenting with intestinal Talaromycosis and endoscopy-confirmed diagnoses were investigated. We also undertook a systematic review of the relevant English and Chinese literature. Results: Of 175 patients diagnosed with Talaromycosis, 33 presented with gastrointestinal symptoms, and 31 underwent stool cultures, 1 of which tested positive. Three patients had gastrointestinal symptoms and negative stool cultures, and endoscopic tissue biopsy confirmed a pathological diagnosis. A systematic review of 14 reports on human Talaromycosis identified an additional 16 patients. Fever, weight loss, and anemia were the most common symptoms, along with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloody stools. Abdominal computed tomography showed intestinal wall edema and thickening and/or abdominal lymphadenopathy. Endoscopy showed erosion, hyperemia, edema, and multiple intestinal mucosal ulcers. Of the 19 patients, 16 received antifungal therapy, 14 of whom recovered and 2 died. Three patients received no therapy and died. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal disseminated Talaromycosis is not rare and can affect the stomach, duodenum, and colon, and may involve the entire digestive tract. Colon is the most common site. Endoscopy is needed for patients presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms in T marneffei-infected endemic areas. Systemic application of effective antifungal therapy can improve the prognosis.

16.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 394, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Talaromyces marneffei is a highly pathogenic fungus that can cause life-threatening fatal systemic mycosis. Disseminated Talaromycosis marneffei affects multiple organs, including the lungs, skin, and reticuloendothelial system. However, T. marneffei infection has rarely been reported in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative infants with multiple intestinal perforations and diffuse hepatic granulomatous inflammation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of an HIV-negative 37-month-old boy who has had recurrent pneumonia since infancy and was infected with disseminated Talaromycosis. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the whole abdomen showed hepatomegaly and intestinal wall thickening in the ascending colon and cecum with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Colonoscopy showed a cobblestone pattern with erosion, ulcer, polypoid lesions, and lumen deformation ranging from the colon to the cecum. T. marneffei was isolated from the mucous membrane of the colon, liver, and bone marrow. After antifungal treatment and surgery, his clinical symptoms significantly improved. Whole-exome sequencing using the peripheral blood of the patient and his parents' revealed a heterozygous missense mutation in exon 17 of the STAT3 gene (c.1673G>A, p.G558D). CONCLUSIONS: In T. marneffei infection-endemic areas, endoscopic examination, culture, or histopathology from the intestine tissue should be performed in disseminated Talaromycosis patients with gastrointestinal symptoms. Timely and systemic antifungal therapy could improve the prognosis. Immunodeficiency typically should be considered in HIV-negative infants with opportunistic infections.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Micoses/diagnóstico , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Talaromyces/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Pré-Escolar , Colonoscopia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Perfuração Intestinal , Hepatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatias/microbiologia , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/microbiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
17.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 245(14): 1200-1212, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567346

RESUMO

IMPACT STATEMENT: The novelty of this research is that we used ultrasound cavitation to enhance the effects of chemotherapy in the subcutaneous and orthotopic hepatic carcinomas in nude mice. Case reports of the effects of the targeting ultrasound cavitation and chemotherapy on malignant tumors in clinical patients were also examined. We found that low-frequency ultrasound cavitation combined with chemotherapy is effective in the inhibition of tumor growth to some extent.

18.
J Immunol Res ; 2020: 1387952, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411785

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke is a major effector of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and Th17 cells and dendritic cells (DCs) involve in the pathogenesis of COPD. Previous studies have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory effects of macrolides. However, the effects of macrolides on the cigarette smoke extract- (CSE-) induced immune response are unclear. Accordingly, in this study, we evaluated the effects of erythromycin (EM) on CSE-exposed DCs polarizing naïve CD4+ T cells into Th17 cells. DCs were generated from bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells isolated from male BALB/c mice and divided into five groups: control DC group, CSE-exposed DC group, CD40-antibody-blocked CSE-exposed DC group, and EM-treated CSE-exposed DC group. The function of polarizing CD4+ T cells into Th17 cells induced by all four groups of DCs was assayed based on the mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) of naïve CD4+ T cells. CD40 expression in DCs in the CSE-exposed group increased significantly compared with that in the control group (P < 0.05). The Th17 cells in the CSE-exposed DC/MLR group increased significantly compared with those in the control DC/MLR group (P < 0.05). Moreover, Th17 cells in the CD40-blocked CSE-exposed DC/MLR group and EM-treated CSE-exposed DC/MLR group were reduced compared with those in the CSE-exposed DC/MLR group (P < 0.05). Thus, these findings suggested that EM suppressed the CSE-exposed DC-mediated polarization of CD4+ T cells into Th17 cells and that this effect may be mediated through inhibition of the CD40/CD40L pathway.

19.
Adv Mater ; 32(16): e1908011, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115824

RESUMO

Designing new hole-transporting materials (HTMs) with desired chemical, electrical, and electronic properties is critical to realize efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) with a p-i-n structure. Herein, the synthesis of a novel 3D small molecule named TPE-S and its application as an HTM in PVSCs are shown. The all-inorganic inverted PVSCs made using TPE-S, processed without any dopant or post-treatment, are highly efficient and stable. Compared to control devices based on the commonly used HTM, PEDOT:PSS, devices based on TPE-S exhibit improved optoelectronic properties, more favorable interfacial energetics, and reduced recombination due to an improved trap passivation effect. As a result, the all-inorganic CsPbI2 Br PVSCs based on TPE-S demonstrate a remarkable efficiency of 15.4% along with excellent stability, which is the one of the highest reported values for inverted all-inorganic PVSCs. Meanwhile, the TPE-S layer can also be generally used to improve the performance of organic/inorganic hybrid inverted PVSCs, which show an outstanding power conversation efficiency of 21.0%, approaching the highest reported efficiency for inverted PVSCs. This work highlights the great potential of TPE-S as a simple and general dopant-free HTM for different types of high-performance PVSCs.

20.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 805-813, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210595

RESUMO

Background: Dendritic cells (DCs) with both proinflammatory and tolerogenic properties have been implicated in modulation of CD4+ T cell responses in many fungal diseases. However, the role of DC in the context of Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) infection has not been determined. In this study, we aimed to study the effect of the yeast form of T. marneffei yeasts on DCs, as well as the role of DCs in modulating T helper 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cell responses to the pathogen. Methods: Mouse bone marrow-derived DCs were stimulated with T. marneffei yeasts for 24 h. Frequencies of CD80 and CD86 expression on DCs and the levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-ß in the culture supernatant of yeast-stimulated DCs were detected by flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. In co-culture experiments, CD4+ T lymphocytes of mice were isolated from the spleen using magnetic beads and co-cultured with T. marneffei yeasts, with or without DCs for 24 h. The proportions of Th17 and Treg cells in co-culture were detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA levels of RORγt and Foxp3 were detected by RT-PCR. Levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß in the co-culture supernatant were detected by ELISA. Results: The expressions of CD80 and CD86 on DCs were increased, as well as IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-ß levels in the culture supernatant of T. marneffei-stimulated DCs were higher than those in DCs cultured without T. marneffei. In co-culture experiments, in the presence of DCs, T. marneffei promoted Treg expansion and Foxp3 up-regulation but limited Th17 and downregulated RORγt. Levels of IL-10 and TGF-ß were higher in the co-culture containing DCs than without DCs. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the interaction between DCs and T. marneffei could promote Treg expansion but not Th17 generation. These findings provide a mechanism by which DCs may promote immune tolerance in T. marneffei infection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...