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1.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(11): 801-814, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844719

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a severe pathophysiological condition characterized by pulmonary artery remodeling and continuous increases in pulmonary artery pressure, which may eventually develop to right heart failure and death. Although newly discovered and incredible treatment strategies in recent years have improved the prognosis of PH, limited types of effective and economical drugs for PH still makes it as a life-threatening disease. Some drugs from Chinese materia medica (CMM) have been traditionally applied in the treatment of lung diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) derived from those medicines brings promising future for the prevention and treatment of PH. In this review, we summarized the pharmacological effects of APIs derived from CMM which are potent in treating PH, so as to provide new thoughts for initial drug discovery and identification of potential therapeutic strategies in alternative medicine for PH.

2.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e934157, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Infection with Echinococcus granulosus is endemic in sheep and dogs in Central Asia, including Tibet. In humans, ingested parasites from the gastrointestinal system enter the liver via the portal vein. Rarely, hepatic hydatid cysts can rupture into the portal vein and embolize to the lungs. This report is of a 58-year-old woman with liver cysts and a pulmonary embolism due to hydatid disease. CASE REPORT We present a rare case of a pulmonary embolism caused by a hydatid cyst. A 58-year-old woman from the Tibet Autonomous Region of China was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of chest and back pain and shortness of breath within the previous 6 months. She had a 5-year history of hepatic echinococcosis. During hospitalization, the patient reported having aggravated chest and back pain and she developed a new symptom of hemoptysis. A pulmonary embolism was confirmed by computed tomography pulmonary angiography. After a multidisciplinary consultation, and based on the patient's medical history, clinical manifestations, laboratory test results, and imaging findings, a diagnosis of a pulmonary embolism caused by a hydatid cyst was established. CONCLUSIONS This report shows the importance of imaging findings in diagnosing a non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism due to hepatic hydatid disease. In this case, early and accurate diagnosis resulted in appropriate treatment with multidisciplinary patient management.

3.
Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As inpatients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), identifying high-risk patients requiring thromboprophylaxis is critical to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with VTE. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the validities of the Padua Prediction Score and Caprini risk assessment model (RAM) in predicting the risk of VTE in inpatients with AECOPD. METHODS: The inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from seven medical centers of China between September 2017 and January 2020. Caprini and Padua scores were calculated on admission, and the incidence of 3-month VTE was investigated. RESULTS: Among the 3277 eligible patients with AECOPD, 128 patients (3.9%) developed VTE within 3 months after admission. The distribution of the study population by the Caprini risk level was as follows: high, 53.6%; moderate, 43.0%; and low, 3.5%. The incidence of VTE increased by risk level as high, 6.1%; moderate, 1.5%; and low, 0%. According to the Padua RAM, only 10.9% of the study population was classified as high risk and 89.1% as low risk, with the corresponding incidence of VTE 7.9% and 3.4%, respectively. The Caprini RAM had higher area under curve (AUC) compared with the Padua RAM (0.713  0.021 vs 0.644 ± 0.023, P = 0.029). CONCLUSION: The Caprini RAM was superior to the Padua RAM in predicting the risk of VTE in inpatients with AECOPD and might better guide thromboprophylaxis in these patients.

4.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770941

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignant tumor in women worldwide, which seriously threatens women's physical and mental health. In recent years, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has shown significant advantages in cancer treatment. PDT involves activating photosensitizers with appropriate wavelengths of light, producing transient levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Compared with free photosensitizers, the use of nanoparticles in PDT shows great advantages in terms of solubility, early degradation, and biodistribution, as well as more effective intercellular penetration and targeted cancer cell uptake. Under the current circumstances, researchers have made promising efforts to develop nanocarrier photosensitizers. Reasonably designed photosensitizer (PS) nanoparticles can be achieved through non-covalent (self-aggregation, interfacial deposition, interfacial polymerization or core-shell embedding and physical adsorption) or covalent (chemical immobilization or coupling) processes and accumulate in certain tumors through passive and/or active targeting. These PS loading methods provide chemical and physical stability to the PS payload. Among nanoparticles, metal nanoparticles have the advantages of high stability, adjustable size, optical properties, and easy surface functionalization, making them more biocompatible in biological applications. In this review, we summarize the current development and application status of photodynamic therapy for breast cancer, especially the latest developments in the application of metal nanocarriers in breast cancer PDT, and highlight some of the recent synergistic therapies, hopefully providing an accessible overview of the current knowledge that may act as a basis for new ideas or systematic evaluations of already promising results.

5.
Cancer Treat Res Commun ; 29: 100486, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794107

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although three randomized control trials have proven mortality benefit of CT lung cancer screening (CTLS), <5% of eligible US smokers are screened. Some attribute this to fear of harm conveyed at shared decision visits, including the harm of overdiagnosis/overtreatment of indolent BAC-like adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Since the frequency of indolent cancers has not been compared between CTLS and routinely detected cohorts, we compare pathology and RNA expression of 86 NCCN high-risk CTLS subjects to 83 high-risk (HR-R) and 51 low-risk (LR-R) routinely detected patients. Indolent adenocarcinoma was defined as previously described for low malignant potential (LMP) adenocarcinoma along with AIS/MIA. Exome RNA sequencing was performed on a subset of high-risk (CTLS and HR-R) FFPE tumor samples. RESULTS: Indolent adenocarcinoma (AIS, MIA, and LMP) showed 100% disease-specific survival (DSS) with similar frequency in CTLS (18%) and HR-R (20%) which were comparatively lower than LR-R (33%). Despite this observation, CTLS exhibited intermediate DSS between HR-R and LR-R (5-year DSS: 88% CTLS, 82% HR-R, & 95% LR-R, p = 0.047), possibly reflecting a 0.4 cm smaller median tumor size and lower frequency of tumor necrosis compared to HR-R. WGCNA gene modules derived from TCGA lung adenocarcinoma correlated with aggressive histologic patterns, mitotic activity, and tumor invasive features, but no significant differential expression between CTLS and HR-R was observed. CONCLUSION: CTLS subjects are at no greater risk of overdiagnosis from indolent adenocarcinoma (AIS, MIA, and LMP) than risk-matched patients whose cancers are discovered in routine clinical practice. Improved outcomes likely reflect detection and treatment at smaller size.

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 773338, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795602

RESUMO

Background: Although the relevant underlying biological mechanisms are still lacking, mental disorders have been closely associated with several metabolic abnormalities including high rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome especially in vulnerable populations. Therefore, the current study aims to examine how metabolic parameters increase the risk for developing mood disorders in individuals stratified by gender and age. Methods: In a routine physical examination, 319 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to six different groups according to age (young adults: 25-34 Y, middle age: 35-49 Y, and older age: 50-65 Y) in both males and females. A linear regression and bivariate correlation analysis were used to analyze the relationship between mood health outcomes measured by the Kessler 10 Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the metabolic function. Results: The results demonstrated that there was a significant association between K10 scores and metabolic parameters, including Body Mass Index (BMI), total-, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride. Furthermore, poor mental health (higher K10 scores) was observed in individuals with increased BMI, total-, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride levels particularly in middle-aged women relative to other groups. Limitations: This is a cross-sectional study with a small sample size and lacks longitudinal follow-up evidence and preventive interventions and therefore could not provide the causal inference of metabolic pathophysiology on the increased sensitivity to mental disorders. Conclusions: The potential association suggests that targeting of the metabolic parameters might give us a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of psychiatric diseases and provide preventive strategies and potential treatment for those with metabolic disturbances especially in middle-aged females.

7.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791236

RESUMO

Laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC) is the second most prevalent malignancy occurring in the head and neck with a high incidence and mortality rate. Immunotherapy has recently become an emerging treatment for cancer. It is therefore essential to explore the role of tumour immunity in laryngeal cancer. Our study first delineated and evaluated the comprehensive immune infiltration landscapes of the tumour microenvironment in LSCC. A hierarchical clustering method was applied to classify the LSCC samples into two groups (high- and low-infiltration groups). We found that individuals with low immune infiltration characteristics had significantly better survival than those in the high-infiltration group, possibly because of the elevated infiltration of immune suppressive cells, such as regulatory T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), in the high-infiltration group. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between two groups were involved in some immune-related terms, such as antigen processing and presentation. A univariate Cox analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis were performed to identify an immune gene-set-based prognostic signature (IBPS) to assess the risk of LSCC. The prognostic model comprising six IBPSs was successfully verified to be robust in different cohorts. The expression of the six IBPSs was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 110 cases of LSCC. In addition, different inflammatory profiles and immune checkpoint landscape of LSCC were found between two groups. Hence, our model could serve as a candidate immunotherapeutic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for laryngeal cancer.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684985

RESUMO

Broadband near-infrared (NIR) luminescent materials have been continuously pursued as promising candidates for optoelectronic devices crucial for wide applications in night vision, environment monitoring, biological imaging, etc. Here, graded GexSi1-x (x = 0.1-0.3) alloys are grown on micro-hole patterned Si(001) substrates. Barn-like islands and branch-like nanostructures appear at regions in-between micro-holes and the sidewalls of micro-holes, respectively. The former is driven by the efficient strain relation. The latter is induced by the dislocations originating from defects at sidewalls after etching. An extensive broadband photoluminescence (PL) spectrum is observed in the NIR wavelength range of 1200-2200 nm. Moreover, the integrated intensity of the PL can be enhanced by over six times in comparison with that from the reference sample on a flat substrate. Such an extensively broad and strong PL spectrum is attributed to the coupling between the emissions of GeSi alloys and the guided resonant modes in ordered micro-holes and the strain-enhanced decomposition of alloys during growth on the micro-hole patterned substrate. These results demonstrate that the graded GexSi1-x alloys on micro-hole pattered Si substrates may have great potential for the development of innovative broadband NIR optoelectronic devices, particularly to realize entire systems on a Si chip.

9.
iScience ; 24(9): 103045, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585110

RESUMO

Nitrile (C≡N bond) activation for direct organic synthesis has been less explored so far due to a high redox potential of nitrile and its low dissociation energy of C-CN bond. Herein, we demonstrate a direct reductive coupling of nitriles and 1,2-phenylenediamines to yield various benzimidazoles in excellent yields (95%-99%) by using rhodium phosphide (Rh2P) catalyst supported on lignin-derived carbon (LC) using H2 (or hydrazine hydrate) as a hydrogen source. The high catalytic performance of Rh2P/LC is attributed to enhanced charge transfer to Rh and strong P-Rh interactions. Our isotope trace experiment confirms the presence of H/D exchange between H2 and the inert -CD3 group of CD3CN via an intramolecular D-shift. Reusability of Rh2P/LC is further demonstrated by a seven-time recycling without evident loss of activity. This research thus highlights a great potential in organic transformation with nitrile as a synthetic building block.

10.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 736738, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513851

RESUMO

Clinical observation and experimental studies have long suggested that the perifollicular nerves have nutritional and regulatory effects on the growth, development, and physiological cycle of hair follicles (HFs), even though the concrete mechanism remains obscure. Recently, with the progress of immunohistochemistry and molecular biology techniques, more innovation has been made in the study of the follicular sympathetic nerves and its nerve-effect factor norepinephrine affecting hair follicle stem cells. This review highlights the progress in the regulation of the sympathetic nervous system toward the growth of HFs.

11.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 415, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mosquito Aedes albopictus is an important vector for many pathogens. Understanding the virome in Ae. albopictus is critical for assessing the risk of disease transmission, implementation of vector control measures, and health system strengthening. METHODS: In this study, viral metagenomic and PCR methods were used to reveal the virome in adult Ae. albopictus captured in different areas and during different seasons in Guangzhou, China. RESULTS: The viral composition of adult Ae. albopictus varied mainly between seasons. Over 50 viral families were found, which were specific to vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, fungi, bacteria, and protozoa. In rural areas, Siphoviridae (6.5%) was the most common viral family harbored by mosquitoes captured during winter and spring, while Luteoviridae (1.1%) was the most common viral family harbored by mosquitoes captured during summer and autumn. Myoviridae (7.0% and 1.3%) was the most common viral family in mosquitoes captured in urban areas during all seasons. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) was detected by PCR in a female mosquito pool. The first near full-length HBV genome from Ae. albopictus was amplified, which showed a high level of similarity with human HBV genotype B sequences. Human parechovirus (HPeV) was detected in male and female mosquito pools, and the sequences were clustered with HPeV 1 and 3 sequences. CONCLUSIONS: Large numbers of viral species were found in adult Ae. albopictus, including viruses from vertebrates, insects, and plants. The viral composition in Ae. albopictus mainly varied between seasons. Herein, we are the first to report the detection of HPeV and HBV in mosquitoes. This study not only provides valuable information for the control and prevention of mosquito-borne diseases, but it also demonstrates the feasibility of xenosurveillance.

12.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 4723-4729, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456584

RESUMO

Background: The impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients remains controversial. Thus, this study aimed to determine the association between OSA status and outcomes in ICU patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study composed of 38,177 critically ill patients from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Propensity score matching was used to evaluate the association between OSA and mortality in ICU adults. Results: A total of 38,177 critically ill patients were included in this study. Among them, 1428 (3.71%) patients had OSA. Before matching, patients with OSA had a significantly lower 28-day mortality (relative risk (RR), 0.47; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.38-0.58), 90-day mortality (RR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.43-0.60), ICU mortality (RR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.31-0.54), and in-hospital mortality (RR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.36-0.57). After adjusting with propensity-score matching, the findings of reduced risk of mortality remained unchanged. The RR of 28-day mortality, 90-day mortality, ICU mortality, in-hospital mortality was 0.57 (95% CI, 0.34-0.57), 0.53 (95% CI, 0.40-0.70), 0.54 (95% CI, 0.37-0.79), and 0.55 (95% CI, 0.39-0.77), respectively. Conclusion: This study indicated that ICU patients with OSA had a significantly lower risk of mortality compared with those without OSA.

13.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 20: 15330338211034262, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323141

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant tumor prevalent in adolescents; however, a clinically effective treatment for this malignancy is lacking. The lack of effective treatment methods and factors, such as recurrence and drug resistance, further dampen the prospect of clinically treating OS. In recent years, small molecule microRNAs (miRNAs) with a length of approximately 20-24 nucleotides have gradually attracted the attention of the medical community. Studies have found that miRNAs can regulate the cell cycle, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and cell proliferation. The metabolic response of cancer cells, invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, and angiogenesis play an important role in the process of tumorigenesis. miRNAs regulate gene expression by regulating mRNA expression after transcription. A large amount of data from many studies indicate that they have diagnostic and prognostic biomarker effects in OS and are involved in regulating the metabolism of cancer cells and resistance or sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy resistance is one of the most critical problems in clinically treating OS. A large number of basic studies and systematic summaries are required to provide a theoretical basis for elucidating the mechanism and drug development of chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, this article discusses the role of miRNAs in OS resistance. Herein, the related research progress of the studies is reviewed to provide more useful information for the development of effective therapy.

14.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 439, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) has been shown to play important roles in the growth, invasion, and metastasis of malignant tumors. KIAA1199, which has potent HA-degrading activity, has been reported to be expressed in various malignancies and associated with patient prognosis. However, there are no reports on the expression of KIAA1199 in osteosarcoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of KIAA1199 and HA expression in osteosarcoma tissues on the prognosis and other clinical characteristics of osteosarcoma patients. METHODS: From 2003 to 2013, we included 49 patients with osteosarcoma at our institution, whose FFPE (formalin fixed paraffin embedded) tissue was available at the time of biopsy. The expressions of KIAA1199 and HA in each sample were assessed by immunohistochemistry using the primary antibody for KIAA1199 and HA-binding protein (HABP), respectively. For evaluation of the positivity of KIAA1199 staining, we divided the samples into two groups: High group with more than 75% positive staining and Low group with less than 75% positive staining. In the HABP staining, those with more than and less than 60% were assigned to a High group, and Low group respectively. Various clinical features were correlated with staining positivity. Prognostic factors including positivity of the staining were analyzed. Levels of mRNA expression for enzymes related to HA metabolism were assessed in two osteosarcoma cell lines using real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: In KIAA1199 staining, high positivity was significantly correlated with occurrence of distant metastases (P = 0.002). The necrosis rate after preoperative chemotherapy was significantly lower in the High positivity group (59%), compared to that in the Low group (84.8%) (P = 0.003). HABP positivity was not correlated with any demographic variables, although the Low positivity group had a significantly better overall survival than the High group with KIAA1199 and HABP staining (P = 0.026 and P = 0.029, respectively). In multivariable analysis, KIAA1199 (P = 0.036) and HABP staining (P = 0.002), location (P = 0.001), and distant metastasis at initial diagnosis (P < 0.001) were identified as significant prognostic factors. KIAA1199 and hyaluronan synthase mRNA were expressed at different levels in the two osteosarcoma cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that high expression of KIAA1199 and HA are both poor prognostic factors in osteosarcoma. KIAA1199 may be a useful marker for distant metastasis and chemoresistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Hialuronoglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34179956

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Bisulfite sequencing (BS-seq) is currently the gold standard for measuring genome-wide DNA methylation profiles at single-nucleotide resolution. Most analyses focus on mean CpG methylation and ignore methylation states on the same DNA fragments [DNA methylation haplotypes (mHaps)]. Here, we propose mHap, a simple DNA mHap format for storing DNA BS-seq data. This format reduces the size of a BAM file by 40- to 140-fold while retaining complete read-level CpG methylation information. It is also compatible with the Tabix tool for fast and random access. We implemented a command-line tool, mHapTools, for converting BAM/SAM files from existing platforms to mHap files as well as post-processing DNA methylation data in mHap format. With this tool, we processed all publicly available human reduced representation bisulfite sequencing data and provided these data as a comprehensive mHap database. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: https://jiantaoshi.github.io/mHap/index.html. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

17.
Orthopedics ; 44(3): 134-140, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039216

RESUMO

The authors assessed the occurrence and severity of cement leakage (CL) following percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) performed using front-opening cannulas (FOCs) vs side-opening cannulas (SOCs). This retrospective cohort study included 811 patients with single-level OVCFs who underwent PVP between March 2016 and September 2018. The 264 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups according to whether the procedure was performed using a FOC (n=128) or a SOC (n=136). Visual analog scale score, Oswestry Disability Index, local kyphotic angle, vertebral height, amount of bone cement injected, and rate of CL were compared between the groups. Types of CL were classified according to postoperative computed tomography. The CL types were further classified according to severity (mild and severe). Visual analog scale score, Oswestry Disability Index, local kyphotic angle, and vertebral height were all significantly improved after surgery. The total incidence of CL was significantly higher for FOCs than for SOCs (P=.001). Similarly, the occurrence of the CL subtypes was significantly higher for FOCs than for SOCs (B type, P=.033; C type, P=.01; and S type, P=.015). Analysis of CL type severity revealed that the rates of severe D type (intradiskal leakage category of the C type) and severe S type were significantly lower for SOCs than for FOCs (P=.001), while the incidence of severe B type leaks was not significantly different between the groups (P=.443). Percutaneous vertebroplasty performed using SOCs decreases the incidence and severity of D type and S type CL compared with FOCs. Secondary classification of CL could help physicians better understand the severity of leakage and select a more appropriate surgical approach to reduce CL. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(3):134-140.].


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos , Cânula , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vertebroplastia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Orthop Surg ; 13(4): 1430-1436, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942513

RESUMO

Symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is widely treated using percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD). In the present PELD surgery, performing decompression under endoscope still takes a long time to explore the rupture site of annulus fibrosus, resulting in prolonged operation time and over-invasion of the undegenerated annulus fibrosus. A wide range of intraoperative exploration also induces an iatrogenic injury of the normal annulus fibrosus, even aggravating intervertebral disc degeneration, which may lead to early postoperative recurrence in severe case. Hence, it is important to seek a precise decompression in PELD surgery. Under this kind of realization, more spinal surgeons possibly choose a disc staining before performing decompression. However, the classical disc staining technique still has its shortcomings. First of all, an appropriate dose of staining cannot be accurately mastered, even induces unqualified staining effect. Second, the duration of surgery and the times of fluoroscopy will be increased. Finally, what surgeons see under the endoscope is the staining result but not the staining process. Hence, this is accomplished more effectively by designing procedures that perform fully visible disc staining under spinal endoscope. There is no specific research to discuss the technique note of endoscopic staining in PELD surgery. We have come up with a new original technology of endoscopic staining with methylene blue injection in PELD for treatment of LDH.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Endoscopia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Azul de Metileno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(16)2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846258

RESUMO

Macrophages are the key regulator of T-cell responses depending on their activation state. C-C motif chemokine receptor-like 2 (CCRL2), a nonsignaling atypical receptor originally cloned from LPS-activated macrophages, has recently been shown to regulate immune responses under several inflammatory conditions. However, whether CCRL2 influences macrophage function and regulates tumor immunity remains unknown. Here, we found that tumoral CCRL2 expression is a predictive indicator of robust antitumor T-cell responses in human cancers. CCRL2 is selectively expressed in tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) with immunostimulatory phenotype in humans and mice. Conditioned media from tumor cells could induce CCRL2 expression in macrophages primarily via TLR4, which is negated by immunosuppressive factors. Ccrl2 -/- mice exhibit accelerated melanoma growth and impaired antitumor immunity characterized by significant reductions in immunostimulatory macrophages and T-cell responses in tumor. Depletion of CD8+ T cells or macrophages eliminates the difference in tumor growth between WT and Ccrl2 -/- mice. Moreover, CCRL2 deficiency impairs immunogenic activation of macrophages, resulting in attenuated antitumor T-cell responses and aggravated tumor growth in a coinjection tumor model. Mechanically, CCRL2 interacts with TLR4 on the cell surface to retain membrane TLR4 expression and further enhance its downstream Myd88-NF-κB inflammatory signaling in macrophages. Similarly, Tlr4 -/- mice exhibit reduced CCRL2 expression in TAM and accelerated melanoma growth. Collectively, our study reveals a functional role of CCRL2 in activating immunostimulatory macrophages, thereby potentiating antitumor T-cell response and tumor rejection, and suggests CCLR2 as a potential biomarker candidate and therapeutic target for cancer immunotherapy.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 632882, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33748117

RESUMO

Background: Hair follicle tissue engineering is a promising strategy for treating hair loss. Human hair follicle stem cells (hHFSCs), which play a key role in the hair cycle, have potential applications in regenerative medicine. However, previous studies did not achieve efficient hHFSC expansion in vitro using feeder cells. Therefore, there is a need to develop an efficient primary culture system for the expansion and maintenance of hHFSCs. Methods: The hHFSCs were obtained by two-step proteolytic digestion combined with microscopy. The cell culture dishes were coated with human fibronectin and inoculated with hHFSCs. The hHFSCs were harvested using a differential enrichment procedure. The effect of Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632, supplemented in keratinocyte serum-free medium (K-SFM), on adhesion, proliferation, and stemness of hHFSCs and the underlying molecular mechanisms were evaluated. Results: The hHFSCs cultured in K-SFM, supplemented with Y-27632, exhibited enhanced adhesion and proliferation. Additionally, Y-27632 treatment maintained the stemness of hHFSCs and promoted the ability of hHFSCs to regenerate hair follicles in vivo. However, Y-27632-induced proliferation and stemness in hHFSCs were conditional and reversible. Furthermore, Y-27632 maintained propagation and stemness of hHFSCs through the ERK/MAPK pathway. Conclusion: An efficient short-term culture system for primary hHFSCs was successfully established using human fibronectin and the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632, which promoted the proliferation, maintained the stemness of hHFSCs and promoted the ability to regenerate hair follicles in vivo. The xenofree culturing method used in this study provided a large number of high-quality seed cells, which have applications in hair follicle tissue engineering and stem cell therapy.

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