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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111582, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396105

RESUMO

In recent years, heavy metal pollution has caused immeasurable harm to the environment. As an emerging technology, phytoremediation technology has gained a place in the treatment of heavy metal pollution with its unique advantages. This study analyzes the toxic effects of mulberry (Morus alba) seeds, seedling growth and silkworm under heavy metal stress of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd), and explore the accumulation and migration of Pb and Cd in the soil-mulberry tree-silkworm system. The main results were as follows: (1) Seed germination and potted seedling experiments were conducted under heavy metal Pb and Cd stresses, and it was found that Pb and Cd had inhibitory effects on mulberry seed germination, growth and photosynthesis of mulberry seedlings, and as the concentration of heavy metals increased, the stronger the inhibitory effect. Moreover, Pb and Cd have a synergistic effect under compound stress. (2) The accumulation and transfer rules of Pb and Cd ions in mulberry were different. The content of Pb in mulberry was root > leaf > stem and the content of Cd was root > stem > leaf. The combined stress promoted the transfer of Pb and Cd from the underground part to the aerial portion of mulberry. (3) The silkworm feeds on mulberry leaves contaminated with heavy metals in this experiment and found that: with the increase of silkworm feeding, the heavy metal content in the silkworm body increased significantly, but the content remained in the silkworm body was less, most of it was excreted with silkworm excrement. Combined stress has no significant effect on the detoxification mechanism of silkworm. It is indispensable to think of the synergistic effect of heavy metals on plants germination when seeds are used for phytoremediation.


Assuntos
Bombyx/fisiologia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cadeia Alimentar , Chumbo/toxicidade , Morus/fisiologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Solo/química , Animais , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta/química , Plântula/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
2.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 79: 103376, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470693

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the key and differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and elucidates their possible mechanisms in malignant-transformed Human bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells induced by coal tar pitch extracts (CTPE). BEAS-2B cells were stimulated with 2.4 µg/ml CTPE, then passaged for three times which were named CTPE1 and then passaged until passage 30 (CTPE30). The results showed that cells of CTPE30 appeared abnormal morphology. Furthermore, migration, clonality and proliferation of cells in CTPE group were significantly increased compared with those in control groups. However, the apoptosis of cells in CTPE group was inhibited. A total of 569 differentially expressed mRNAs and 707 differentially expressed lncRNAs were screened out, among which four lncRNAs were validated and were consistent with the microarray results. 32 target genes were screened out by Co-expression network. The study suggests that differentially expressed lncRNAs may play a potential role in lung carcinogenesis.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(18)2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509940

RESUMO

Due to role of the Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction (PPI) in protecting cells from oxidative stress, the development of small molecule inhibitors that inhibit this interaction has arisen as a viable approach to combat maladies caused by oxidative stress, such as cancers, neurodegenerative disease and diabetes. To obtain specific and genuine Keap1-Nrf2 inhibitors, many efforts have been made towards developing new screening approaches. However, there is no inhibitor for this target entering the clinic for the treatment of human diseases. New strategies to identify novel bioactive compounds from large molecular databases and accelerate the developmental process of the clinical application of Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction inhibitors are greatly needed. In this review, we have summarized virtual screening and other methods for discovering new lead compounds against the Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction. We also discuss the advantages and limitations of different strategies, and the potential of this PPI as a drug target in disease therapy.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Anal Biochem ; 580: 49-55, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194944

RESUMO

A G-quadruplex-based platform has been developed for the time-resolved monitoring of ochratoxin A (OTA). The simple platform displays good sensitivity for OTA with a detection limit of 40 nM via steady-state emission spectroscopy. Notably, the platform showed a detection limit of 10.8 nM via time-resolved emission spectroscopy (TRES), which is about 4 times more sensitive than steady-state mode. Moreover, the probe showed excellent selectivity for OTA over other mycotoxins. Furthermore, OTA was successfully detected in actual herbal plant extracts samples. Our platform is the first to detect OTA using TRES to distinguish between the target signals versus the auto-fluorescence of real samples. This platform shows improved detection speed, accuracy and sensitivity with simple operation, low cost, and no requirement for complicated pre-processing.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Quadruplex G , Ocratoxinas/análise , Irídio/química , Luminescência
5.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(7): 869-877, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033183

RESUMO

As a human carcinogen, coal tar pitch (CTP) can significantly increase the risk of lung cancer. However, the mechanism underlying CTP-induced lung carcinogenesis has not been well understood. This study aims to explore the role of the LncRNA-ENST00000501520 in the proliferation of malignant-transformed human bronchial epithelial cells (BAES-2B) induced by CTP extract for the first time. BEAS-2B cells were stimulated with 2.4 µg/mL CTP extract, and then passaged for three times, which were named passage 1 and then passaged until passage 30 (named as CTP group). The ENST000001520 of cells in CTP group was interfered using siRNA. The results showed that ENST000001520 located in cell nucleus (>80%) had no or weak ability of protein encoding. After interference of ENST000001520, the migration and proliferation of cells in CTP group were inhibited, and the cell cycle was arrested in the G0/G1 phase; however, the apoptosis of cells in CTP group was promoted. The target genes (SKB1, CLTB, TAP2, PIPK2, and SOCS3) of ENST000001520 were screened out, and the mRNA and protein expression of SBK1 and SOCS3 was significantly decreased after ENST000001520 interference. SBK1 and SOCS3 may play a promoting role in occurrence and development of cancers. The study suggests that LncRNA-ENST00000501520 could promote the proliferation in malignant-transformed BEAS-2B cells induced with CTP extract which may be mediated by target genes. This study may provide a new target for prevention and treatment of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Brônquios/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/efeitos dos fármacos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Alcatrão/toxicidade , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Mucosa Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos , Brônquios/metabolismo , Brônquios/patologia , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mucosa Respiratória/metabolismo
6.
Inorg Chem ; 57(22): 14023-14026, 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375229

RESUMO

We describe in this study a rhodium(III) complex 1 as a new JMJD3 inhibitor and proinflammatory mediator. Complex 1 selectively inhibited the demethylation of H3K27me3 over other similar substrates, indicating its selectivity for JMJD3 over other histone demethylases, including JMJD2D and KDM5A. In terms of mechanism, complex 1 inhibited the JMJD3-H3K27me3 interaction in mouse macrophage cells and down-regulated the expression of TNF-α. To our knowledge, complex 1 is the first metal-based inhibitor of JMJD3 activity and only the second class of JMJD3 inhibitor reported overall.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/antagonistas & inibidores , Ródio/química , Animais , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Humanos , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , Ligantes , Metilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura de Transição
7.
Dalton Trans ; 47(38): 13314-13317, 2018 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30211915

RESUMO

Metal complexes based on iridium metal centers have attracted attention as probes due to their tunable biological and chemical characteristics. This review highlights recent examples of iridium-based compounds that have been developed as probes for various environmental analytes. We also discuss the further challenges to be overcome for this class of probes in the future.

8.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 42: 759-767, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429728

RESUMO

This study investigated sulfamethazine (SMT) ultrasound degradation, enhanced by iodine radicals, generated by potassium iodide (KI) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in situ. The results showed that the ultrasound/H2O2/KI (US/H2O2/KI) combination treatment achieved an 85.10 ±â€¯0.45% SMT removal (%) in 60 min under the following conditions: pH = 3.2, ultrasound power of 195 W, initial SMT concentration of 0.04 mmol·L-1, H2O2 concentration of 120 mmol·L-1, and KI concentration of 2.4 mmol·L-1. UV-Vis spectrophotometric monitoring of molecular iodine (I2) and triiodide (I3-) revealed a correlation between the SMT degradation and the iodine change in the solution. Quenching experiments using methanol, t-butanol and thiamazole as radical scavengers indicated that iodine radicals, such as I and I2-, were more important than hydroxyl radicals (HO) for SMT degradation. SMT degradation under the US/H2O2/KI treatment followed pseudo-first order reaction kinetics. The activation energy (Ea) of SMT degradation was 7.75 ±â€¯0.61 kJ·mol-1, which suggested the reaction was controlled by the diffusion step. Moreover, TOC removal was monitored, and the obtained results revealed that it was not as effective as SMT degradation under the US/H2O2/KI system.

9.
Oncotarget ; 8(35): 59552-59562, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28938658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct sequencing and amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) are commonly used to detect epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer to inform the decision-making on tyrosine kinase inhibitors treatment. This study aimed to systematically compare the two methods in terms of the rate of detected mutations and the association of detected mutations with clinical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (in Chinese) and Wanfang database (in Chinese) were searched to identify relevant studies. Meta-analyses of EGFR mutation rates, rate differences, and the associations of EGFR mutations with clinical outcomes of tyrosine kinase inhibitors treatment were conducted. RESULTS: Eight hundred and sixty-six records were retrieved and 26 studies with 3282 patients were included. The pooled rate of mutations detected by ARMS (41%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 35% to 47%) was significantly higher than that by direct sequencing (28%, 95%CI 22% to 34%), with a weighted rate difference of 11% (95%CI 8% to 13%). There was a consistent trend that the associations between ARMS-detected mutations and clinical outcomes were stronger than those between direct-sequencing-detected mutations and clinical outcomes (pooled risk ratio for objective response: 5.18 vs. 2.25; hazard ratio for progression-free survival: 0.30 vs. 0.42; hazard ratio for overall survival: 0.46 vs. 0.54). CONCLUSIONS: More patients with EGFR mutations can be identified by ARMS than by direct sequencing, and those identified by ARMS seems to be able to benefit more from tyrosine kinase inhibitors than those identified by direct sequencing.

10.
J Diabetes Investig ; 7(5): 689-94, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27181875

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To clarify the association of the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype and type 2 diabetes mellitus among adults in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present case-control study, we included 1,685 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 7,141 normal glucose-tolerant controls from the Henan Province of China in 2011. Elevated waist circumference (GW) was defined as ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women. Hypertriglyceridemia (HT) was defined as >1.7 m mol/L triglycerides (TG) level. The association of hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype and type 2 diabetes mellitus was investigated by sex, body mass index, physical activity, and family history of diabetes. RESULTS: Cases and controls differed in age, waist circumference (WC), weight, TG level, fasting glucose, body mass index, smoking status, diabetic family history, physical activity and hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype (P < 0.05), but not alcohol drinking (P = 0.63). In the overall sample, as compared with the phenotype of normal TG level and normal WC (NTNW), normal TG level/enlarged WC (NTGW), elevated TG level/normal WC (HTNW) and elevated TG level/enlarged WC (HTGW) were associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (odds ratio 4.14, 2.42 and 6.23, respectively). Only HTGW was consistently associated with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, with or without adjustment. The strongest relationship between HTGW and type 2 diabetes mellitus was for subjects with body mass index <24.0 kg/m(2) (odds ratio 6.54, 95% confidence interval 4.22-10.14) after adjustment for cofounding variables. CONCLUSION: HTGW was stably and significantly associated with risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult Chinese.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Cintura Hipertrigliceridêmica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Cintura Hipertrigliceridêmica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
11.
PLoS One ; 8(3): e59053, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23536853

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to replicate the association of the rs290487 (IVS3C/T) and rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) polymorphisms of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Han Chinese people in Henan province, China. METHODS: In all, 1,842 patients with T2DM and 7,777 normal glucose-tolerant controls underwent genotyping for the T2DM-associated variants rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) and rs290487 (IVS3C/T). W performed a meta-analysis of the association of the risk alleles of rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) and rs290487 (IVS3C/T) in TCF7L2 and T2DM in Han Chinese by combining previous studies with the present study. RESULTS: We found that T2DM was associated with the CC genotype (1.364, 1.137-1.636, p  = 0.001), the recessive model (1.457, 1.156-1.838, p  = 0.001) of rs290487 (IVS3C/T) and haplotype CC (1.116, 1.034-1.204, p  = 0.004) in Han Chinese. Moreover, our meta-analyses supported the association of the T allele (IVS3C/T) of rs7903146 (1.36, 1.24-1.48; p  = 6.404×10(-12)) and T2DM but not the C allele of rs290487 (IVS3C/T) (0.99, 0.85-1.15, p  = 0.890) in Han Chinese. We found no interactions between behavioral risk factors (smoking, alcohol drinking, and physical activity) and rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) and rs290487 (IVS3C/T) polymorphisms. CONCLUSIONS: The CC genotype and the recessive model of the variant rs290487 (IVS3C/T) and CC haplotype of rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) and rs290487 (IVS3C/T) in TCF7L2 may be associated with T2DM in Han Chinese people in Henan province, China.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteína 2 Semelhante ao Fator 7 de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , China , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Íntrons , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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