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1.
J Sep Sci ; 43(1): 31-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573133

RESUMO

The formation of DNA adducts by genotoxic agents is an early event in cancer development, and it may lead to gene mutations, thereby initiating tumor development. The measurement of DNA adducts can provide critical information about the genotoxic potential of a chemical and its mechanism of carcinogenesis. In recent decades, liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry has become the most important technique for analyzing DNA adducts. The improvements in resolution achievable with new chromatographic separation techniques coupled with the high specificity and sensitivity and wide dynamic range of new mass spectrometry systems have been used for both qualitative and quantitative analyses of DNA adducts. This review discusses the challenges in qualitative and quantitative analyses of DNA adducts by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and highlights recent developments towards overcoming the limitations of liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry methods. The key steps and new solutions, such as sample preparation, mass spectrometry fragmentation, and method validation, are summarized. In addition, the fundamental principles and latest advances in DNA adductomic approaches are reviewed.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(2): 198-204, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previously, dihydroceramide (d18:0/24:0) (dhCer (d18:0/24:0)) was reported to be a potential biomarker for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) prognosis. In this study, we further explored the role of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in the progression of ACLF to validate the biomarker using ACLF rat model. METHODS: ACLF rats were sacrificed at 4 and 8 h post-D-galactosamine (D-gal)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to investigate the liver biochemical markers, prothrombin time and liver histopathology. Change in dhCer and other sphingolipids levels were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Rats were treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) to examine the mortality rate and its role in improving ACLF. RESULTS: LPS/D-gal administration resulted in significant elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Prothrombin time was prolonged and histopathological examination showed abnormality. HPLC-MS/MS results showed total dhCer levels in ACLF group (64.10 ±â€Š8.90 pmol/100 µL, 64.22 ±â€Š6.78 pmol/100 µL for 4 and 8 h, respectively) were decreased significantly compared with control group (121.61 ±â€Š23.09 pmol/100 µL) (P < 0.05). In particular, dhCer (d18:0/24:0), dhCer (d18:0/20:0), and dhCer (d18:0/22:0) levels were decreased. Treatment with 4-HPR significantly increased the levels of dhCers, including dhCer (d18:0/24:0) compared with ACLF group, for the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in 4-HPR group was 20.10 ±â€Š8.60 pmol/100 µL and the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in ACLF group was 9.74 ±â€Š2.99 pmol/100 µL (P < 0.05). This was associated with reduced mortality rate and prolonged survival time. The ALT and AST in 4-HPR group were significantly decreased compared with ACLF group. The prothrombin time of 4-HPR group (41.49 s) was significantly lower than the prothrombin time of ACLF group (57.96 s) (P < 0.05). 4-HPR also decreased plasma ammonia levels slightly, as the plasma ammonia levels in 4-HPR group and ACLF group were 207.37 ±â€Š60.43, 209.15 ±â€Š60.43 µmol/L, respectively. Further, 4-HPR treatment improved histopathological parameters. CONCLUSIONS: DhCer, especially dhCer (d18:0/24:0), is involved in the progression of ACLF. Increasing the levels of dhCer can reduce the mortality rate of ACLF rats and alleviate liver injury.

3.
Theranostics ; 9(23): 6745-6763, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660066

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Inducing cancer differentiation is a promising approach to treat cancer. Here, we identified chlorogenic acid (CA), a potential differentiation inducer, for cancer therapy, and elucidated the molecular mechanisms underlying its differentiation-inducing effects on cancer cells. METHODS: Cancer cell differentiation was investigated by measuring malignant behavior, including growth rate, invasion/migration, morphological change, maturation, and ATP production. Gene expression was analyzed by microarray analysis, qRT-PCR, and protein measurement, and molecular biology techniques were employed for mechanistic studies. LC/MS analysis was the method of choice for chemical detection. Finally, the anticancer effect of CA was evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Results: Cancer cells treated with CA showed reduced proliferation rate, migration/invasion ability, and mitochondrial ATP production. Treating cancer cells with CA resulted in elevated SUMO1 expression through acting on its 3'UTR and stabilizing the mRNA. The increased SUMO1 caused c-Myc sumoylation, miR-17 family downregulation, and p21 upregulation leading to G0/G1 arrest and maturation phenotype. CA altered the expression of differentiation-related genes in cancer cells but not in normal cells. It inhibited hepatoma and lung cancer growth in tumor-bearing mice and prevented new tumor development in naïve mice. In glioma cells, CA increased expression of specific differentiation biomarkers Tuj1 and GFAP inducing differentiation and reducing sphere formation. The therapeutic efficacy of CA in glioma cells was comparable to that of temozolomide. CA was detectable both in the blood and brain when administered intraperitoneally in animals. Most importantly, CA was safe even at very high doses. CONCLUSION: CA might be a safe and effective differentiation-inducer for cancer therapy. "Educating" cancer cells to differentiate, rather than killing them, could be a novel therapeutic strategy for cancer.

4.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(11): 1109-1117, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe progressive disease with systemic metabolic dysregulation. Monocrotaline (MCT)-induced and hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) rodent models are the most widely used preclinical models, however, whether or not these preclinical models recapitulate metabolomic profiles of PAH patients remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, a targeted metabolomics panel of 126 small molecule metabolites was conducted. We applied it to the plasma of the 2 preclinical rodent models of PH and 30 idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) patients as well as 30 healthy controls to comparatively assess the metabolomic profiles of PAH patients and rodent models. RESULTS: Significantly different metabolomics profiling and pathways were shown among the 2 classical rodent models and IPAH patients. Pathway analysis demonstrated that methionine metabolism and urea cycle metabolism were the most significant pathway involved in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-induced PH model and MCT-induced model, respectively, and both of them were also observed in the dysregulated pathways in IPAH patients. CONCLUSIONS: These 2 models may develop PAH through different metabolomic pathways and each of the 2 classical PH model resembles IPAH patients in certain aspects.

5.
Anal Chem ; 91(7): 4504-4512, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840439

RESUMO

Cholesteryl esters (CEs) are formed by the 3-hydroxyl group of cholesterol and a fatty acyl chain through an ester bond and function as a biologically inert storage form of cholesterol. Abnormal CE levels are often related to various diseases, particularly hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis. Herein, we developed a mathematical model-assisted ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) method for the untargeted identification to targeted quantification of CEs in plasma, different density lipoprotein samples from humans, rats, and golden hamsters. Using UHPLC-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS), 81 CE candidates were detected in the above samples, of which 24 CEs were reported in the Human Metabolome Database and 57 CEs were newly identified based on an in-house database of theoretically possible CEs, including the computationally generated precursor ion m/ z mass of CE, carbon number and double bond numbers of the fatty acyl chain. Then three mathematical models based on the characteristic chromatographic retention behavior related to structural features were established and validated using commercial and synthetic CE standards. The mathematical model-assisted UHPLC-MS/MS strategy was proposed to provide a global profiling and identification of CEs, especially unknown CEs. With the efficient strategy, 74 CEs in the plasma of golden hamsters were identified and then quantified in normal and hyperlipidemic golden hamsters by dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (dMRM). A total of 21 CEs among 35 shared potential biomarkers were newly found for hyperlipidemia. Our work will contribute to the in-depth study of the functions of CEs and the discovery of disease biomarkers.

6.
Dermatitis ; 29(4): 219-222, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29939855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease, which involves a disruption of the skin barrier function. Skin ceramide (CER) composition, which plays crucial roles in maintaining the barrier function of the stratum corneum, is changed in patients with AD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and quantify skin CER subclasses in association with disease severity in pediatric patients with AD. METHODS: Two hundred thirteen patients were entered into the observational study. We compared their CER profiles using normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with dynamic multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry. RESULTS: In total, 12 subclasses of CERs were identified. We found that 2 subclasses, that is, CER[AS] and CER[NS], were elevated (P = 0.007 and 0.012, respectively) and correlated with Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (P = 0.004 and 0.004, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Skin CER abundances are changed in children with AD compared with control subjects.


Assuntos
Ceramidas/análise , Dermatite Atópica/fisiopatologia , Pele/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ceramidas/classificação , Criança , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
7.
Syst Biol Reprod Med ; 64(4): 266-273, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29577757

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the association of sperm mitochondrial ND2 (MT-ND2) gene variants with total fertilization failure (TFF). A retrospective comparative study of 246 cases of fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles or half-intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles in the Han Chinese population was performed from July 2011 to May 2017. A total of 59 cases undergoing TFF, and 187 control cases with normal fertilization (fertilization rates >50%) were included. The sperm mitochondrial genovariation was determined using nested sequencing. A total of 32 homoplasmic variants and 47 heteroplasmic variants of MT-ND2 gene were observed in this study. There were no significant differences in the frequencies of the 32 homoplasmic variants of MT-ND2 gene between the TFF and control groups. A total of 53 pair-wise comparisons were performed, and the general characteristics of the IVF failure and control subjects were adjusted in logistic models. Data suggested that there were no significant differences in the frequencies of point 4914, 5320, and 5426 heteroplasmic variants of MT-ND2 gene between the TFF and control groups. In addition, no significant difference was observed in the frequency of mtDNA haplogroup D or haplogroup G between the IVF failure group and the normal fertilization group. This study suggests that the MT-ND2 gene variants might not be associated with TFF. ABBREVIATIONS: ATP: adenosine triphosphate; dNTP: deoxy-ribonucleoside triphosphate; FADH2: flavin adenine dinucleotide; FDR: false discovery rate; FSH: follicle-stimulating hormone; IVF: in vitro fertilization; LH: luteinizing hormone; MTATP6: mitochondrially encoded ATP synthase 6; MTCYB: mitochondrially encoded cytochrome b; mtDNA: mitochondrial DNA; MT-ND2: mitochondrial ND2; NADH: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; ND2: NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2; OXPHOS: oxidative phosphorylation; PCR: single nucleotide polymorphisms; SNPs: single nucleotide polymorphisms; TFF: total fertilization failure.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , NADH Desidrogenase/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Sep Sci ; 41(1): 351-372, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28859259

RESUMO

Lipids, which have a core function in energy storage, signalling and biofilm structures, play important roles in a variety of cellular processes because of the great diversity of their structural and physiochemical properties. Lipidomics is the large-scale profiling and quantification of biogenic lipid molecules, the comprehensive study of their pathways and the interpretation of their physiological significance based on analytical chemistry and statistical analysis. Lipidomics will not only provide insight into the physiological functions of lipid molecules but will also provide an approach to discovering important biomarkers for diagnosis or treatment of human diseases. Mass-spectrometry-based analytical techniques are currently the most widely used and most effective tools for lipid profiling and quantification. In this review, the field of mass-spectrometry-based lipidomics was discussed. Recent progress in all essential steps in lipidomics was carefully discussed in this review, including lipid extraction strategies, separation techniques and mass-spectrometry-based analytical and quantitative methods in lipidomics. We also focused on novel resolution strategies for difficult problems in determining C=C bond positions in lipidomics. Finally, new technologies that were developed in recent years including single-cell lipidomics, flux-based lipidomics and multiomics technologies were also reviewed.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Cromatografia , Humanos , Cinética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos/química , Ozônio
9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 24(2): 117-124, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28000096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between tissue distributions of modified Wuzi Yanzong prescription (, MWP) in rats and meridian tropism theory. METHODS: A high-performance liquid chromatography with Fourier transform-mass spectrometry (HPLC-FT) method was used to identify the metabolites of MWP in different tissues of rats after continued oral administration of MWP for 7 days. The relationship between MWP and meridian tropism theory was studied according to the tissue distributions of the metabolites of MWP in rats and the relevant literature. RESULTS: Nineteen metabolites, mainly flavanoid compounds, were detected in the different rat tissues and classified to each herb in MWP. Further, it was able to establish that the tissue distributions of the metabolites of MWP were consistent with the descriptions of meridian tropism of MWP available in literature, this result might be useful in clarifying the mechanism of MWP on meridian tropism. In the long run, these data might provide scientific evidence of the meridian tropism theory to further promote the reasonable, effective utilization, and modernization of Chinese medicine. CONCLUSION: The tissue distributions of MWP in vivo were consistent with the descriptions of meridian tropism of MWP.


Assuntos
Prescrições de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Meridianos , Modelos Biológicos , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Metaboloma , Ratos Wistar , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Anal Chem ; 89(14): 7808-7816, 2017 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643517

RESUMO

Acidic glycosphingolipids (AGSLs), which mainly consist of ganglioside and sulfatide moieties, are highly concentrated in the central nervous system. Comprehensive profiling of AGSLs has historically been challenging because of their high complexity and the lack of standards. In this study, a novel strategy was developed to comprehensively profile AGSLs using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Ganglioside isomers with different glycan chains such as GD1a/GD1b were completely separated on a C18 column for the first time to our knowledge, facilitated by the addition of formic acid in the mobile phase. A mathematical model was established to predict the retention times (RTs) of all theoretically possible AGSLs on the basis of the good logarithmic relationship between the ceramide carbon numbers of the AGSLs in the reference material and their RTs. A data set was created of 571 theoretically possible AGSLs, including the ceramide carbon numbers, RTs, and high-resolution quasi-molecular ions. A novel fast identification strategy was established for global AGSL profiling by comparing the high-resolution quasi-molecular ions and RTs of the tested peaks to those in the data set of 571 AGSLs. Using this strategy, 199 AGSL candidates were identified in rat brain tissue. MS/MS fragments were further collected for these 199 candidates to confirm their identity as AGSLs. This novel strategy was employed to profile AGSLs in brain tissue samples from control rats and model rats with bilateral common carotid artery (2-VO) cerebral ischemia. Forty AGSLs were significantly different between the control and model groups, and these differences were further interpreted.

11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 488(1): 109-115, 2017 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28479244

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of the PI3K inhibitors on the differentiation of insulin-producing cells derived from human embryonic stem cells. Here, we report that human embryonic stem cells induced by phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) p110ß inhibitors could produce more mature islet-like cells. Findings were validated by immunofluorescence analysis, quantitative real-time PCR, insulin secretion in vitro and cell transplantation for the diabetic SCID mice. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that unihormonal insulin-positive cells were predominant in cultures with rare polyhormonal cells. Real-time PCR data showed that islet-like cells expressed key markers of pancreatic endocrine hormones and mature pancreatic ß cells including MAFA. Furthermore, this study showed that the expression of most pancreatic endocrine hormones was similar between groups treated with the LY294002 (nonselective PI3K inhibitor) and TGX-221 (PI3K isoform selective inhibitors of class 1ß) derivatives. However, the level of insulin mRNA in TGX-221-treated cells was significantly higher than that in LY294002-treated cells. In addition, islet-like cells displayed glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vitro. After transplantation, islet-like cells improved glycaemic control and ameliorated the survival outcome in diabetic mice. This study demonstrated an important role for PI3K p110ß in regulating the differentiation and maturation of islet-like cells derived from human embryonic stem cells.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/citologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Cromonas/farmacologia , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/metabolismo , Humanos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Sci Rep ; 7: 40030, 2017 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28067267

RESUMO

Atmospheric particle is one of the risk factors for respiratory disease; however, their injury mechanisms are poorly understood, and prevention methods are highly desirable. We constructed artificial PM2.5 (aPM2.5) particles according to the size and composition of actual PM2.5 collected in Beijing. Using these artificial particles, we created an inhalation-injury animal model. These aPM2.5 particles simulate the physical and chemical characteristics of the actual PM2.5, and inhalation of the aPM2.5 in rat results in a time-dependent change in lung suggesting a declined lung function, injury from oxidative stress and inflammation in lung. Thus, this aPM2.5-caused injury animal model may mimic that of the pulmonary injury in human exposed to airborne particles. In addition, polydatin (PD), a resveratrol glucoside that is rich in grapes and red wine, was found to significantly decrease the oxidative potential (OP) of aPM2.5 in vitro. Treating the model rats with PD prevented the lung function decline caused by aPM2.5, and reduced the level of oxidative damage in aPM2.5-exposed rats. Moreover, PD inhibited aPM2.5-induced inflammation response, as evidenced by downregulation of white blood cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), inflammation-related lipids and proinflammation cytokines in lung. These results provide a practical means for self-protection against particulate air pollution.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 950: 108-118, 2017 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27916115

RESUMO

Eicosanoids are signaling molecules mainly oxidized from arachidonic acid (ARA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). They have attracted increasing attention from the scientists attributing to their essential physiological functions. However, their quantification have long been challenged by the low abundance, high structure similarity, poor stability and limited ionization efficiency. In this paper, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatograph coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) strategy was developed for the comprehensive profiling of more than 60 eicosanoids based on an efficient derivatization reagent 2,4-bis(diethylamino)-6-hydrazino-1,3,5-triazine (T3) and general multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) parameters. Carboxylic acid of eicosanoid was converted to amide in 30 min at 4 °C with derivatization yield larger than 99%. Limits of quantitation (LOQs) for derivatized eicosanoids varied from 0.05 to 50 pg depending on their structures. The sensitivities of derivatized eicosanoids were enhanced by 10- to 5000-folds compared to free eicosanoids. Stabilities of T3 modified eicosanoids were also highly improved compared to free eicosanoids. This new method can also be used to quantify eicosanoids in bio-samples using isotopic internal standards with high efficiency and reliability within 19 min. 46 and 50 eicosanoids in rat plasma and heart tissue from control and acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) model rats were respectively profiled and quantitated using this new method. And 24 of 46 and 25 of 50 eicosanoids were found to be significantly changed between control and model groups. The changed eicosanoids related to AMI modeling were further statistically analyzed and interpreted based on eicosanoid metabolism pathway.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Eicosanoides/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Ácidos Carboxílicos , Eicosanoides/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Miocárdio , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Anal Chem ; 88(15): 7762-8, 2016 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27397858

RESUMO

Fatty aldehydes are crucial substances that mediate a wide range of vital physiological functions, particularly lipid peroxidation. Fatty aldehydes such as acrolein and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) are considered potential biomarkers of myocardial ischemia and dementia, but analytical techniques for fatty aldehydes are lacking. In the present study, a comprehensive characterization strategy with high sensitivity and facility for fatty aldehydes based on derivatization and high-performance liquid chromatography-multiple reaction monitoring (HPLC-MRM) was developed. The fatty aldehydes of a biosample were derivatized using 2,4-bis(diethylamino)-6-hydrazino-1,3,5-triazine under mild and efficient reaction conditions at 37 °C for 15 min. The limit of detection (LOD) of the fatty aldehydes varied from 0.1 to 1 pg/mL, depending on the structures of these molecules. General MRM parameters were forged for the analysis of endogenous fatty aldehydes. "Heavy" derivatization reagents with 20 deuterium atoms were synthesized for both the discovery and comprehensive characterization of fatty aldehydes. More than 80 fatty aldehydes were detected in the biosamples. The new strategy was successfully implemented in global fatty aldehyde profiling of plasma and brain tissue of the bilateral common carotid artery (2VO) dementia rat model. Dozens of fatty aldehydes were significantly changed between the control and model groups. These findings further highlight the importance of endogenous fatty aldehydes.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Acroleína/análise , Acroleína/química , Aldeídos/sangue , Aldeídos/química , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Demência/patologia , Deutério/química , Análise Discriminante , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Análise de Componente Principal , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Triazinas/química
15.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 408(24): 6623-36, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27473427

RESUMO

Skin, the largest organ of the human body, serves as the primary barrier to the external environment. Ceramides are one of the main constituents of stratum corneum (SC), playing an important role in skin barrier function. Therefore, comprehensive profiling and quantification of SC ceramide is important. Herein, a new targeted lipidomic method for human SC ceramide profiling and quantification is presented and tested. Normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with dynamic multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (NP-HPLC-dMRM-MS) was used to separate ceramides into subclasses and then characterize different ceramides within each subclass on the basis of their characteristics. In total, 483 ceramides were quantified in a single run within 20 min, covering 12 subclasses as well as some glycosylated ceramides not previously reported. Each subclass had typical standard substances (if available) that served to establish representative standard curves and were used for related substances with no standards. Linearity range, limit of quantification (LOQ), limit of detection (LOD), precision, accuracy, stability, and matrix effects were validated. dMRM increased sensitivity and accuracy greatly compared with common MRM (cMRM). This method was successfully applied to the study of human SC from different age groups. A total of 193 potential biomarkers were found to indicate age differences between children and adults. This method is an innovative approach for high-throughput quantification of SC ceramide. Graphical Abstract Method establishment (MRM spectra by the established method) and method application (score scatter plots of authentic samples).


Assuntos
Ceramidas/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Epiderme/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Limite de Detecção
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(23): e3773, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27281078

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between plasma sphingolipids and hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients.A cohort of 120 treatment-naïve CHC patients was included. Liver biopsies and the Scheuer scoring system were used to assess hepatic inflammatory activity. Blood biochemical indicators, HCV-RNA load, and immunological markers were also measured. Forty-four plasma sphingolipids were identified and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.The hexosylceramide (HexCer) (d18:1/18:1) level was significantly different between patients with a low HCV load (<10 IU/mL) and a high HCV load (≥10 IU/mL), and it was positively correlated with the HCV-RNA load (r = 0.337, P = 0.001) in CHC patients. Additionally, the plasma HexCer (d18:1/18:1) level (odds ratio 1.302, 95% confidence interval 1.129-1.502) was an independent factor for a high HCV-RNA load. For patients with hepatic inflammation grade ≤2 or HCV genotype 2, HexCer (d18:1/18:1) was independently related to a high HCV-RNA load.Plasma HexCer (d18:1/18:1) might be involved in the high viral replication level in chronic HCV infection, especially for CHC patients with genotype 2.


Assuntos
Previsões , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , RNA Viral/genética , Esfingomielinas/sangue , Regulação para Cima , Carga Viral , Replicação Viral , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esfingomielinas/biossíntese
17.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 52(3): 1029-35, 2016 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27079712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various evidence demonstrates the influences of ceramides on Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Furthermore, increased ceramides were also suggested to be related to cognitive decline. However, the association between ceramides and neuropsychiatric symptoms of AD remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the association between plasma ceramide levels and multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms in AD. METHODS: A total of 98 patients and 92 cognitively normal controls participated in this study, including 56 with mild AD and 42 with moderate to severe AD. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) was used to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms. Considering the influences of dementia severity on ceramide levels and neuropsychiatric symptoms, a subgroup analysis was conducted by dementia severity. RESULTS: Except for C24 : 0, all ceramide species were significantly higher in AD patients than in controls. After controlling for confounding factors, the C16 : 0 and C20 : 0 levels were positively associated with delusions, and the quartiles of C22 : 0 and C24 : 0 were positively associated with depression. In the subgroup analysis, association between ceramide species and delusions were only observed in mild AD, and the association between ceramides and depression were prominent in moderate to severe AD. In mild AD, after controlling for age, gender, anti-dementia medications, diabetes status, and ApoE ɛ4 status, the C16 : 0, C20 : 0, and quartiles of C24 : 1 were associated with delusions. In moderate to severe AD, depression was associated with C22 : 0 and C24 : 0. CONCLUSION: There were stage-specific associations between ceramides and neuropsychiatric symptoms of AD. The potential mechanisms deserve further investigation.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Ceramidas/sangue , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 50(6): 755-9, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26521449

RESUMO

With development of bio-technique, more and more proteins were applied as clinical approaches. However, the protein homogeneity, especially the N-glycosylation limited the further research and application of these protein drugs. The analysis method for N-glycans is believed to be critical in protein drugs development. To enhance the N-glycans isolation efficiency and accelerate the pretreatment, a new strategy was built on ultrafiltration-devices. New methods increased the isolation efficiency of N-glycans containing N-acetylglucosa mine with 10%-20%. The degrading of N-glycans containing sialic acids was also minimized with this method. 20%-100% more N-glycans with sialic acids were isolated. The pretreatment was finished within 30 min. Coupled with HPLC-HRMS, an effective and reliable strategy designed for protein drugs N-glycans analysis were developed.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/química , Glicosilação , Ultrafiltração/instrumentação , Polissacarídeos/química
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(39): 11152-9, 2015 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26494969

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the relationship between serum vitamin D3 levels and liver fibrosis or inflammation in treatment-naive Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: From July 2010 to June 2011, we enrolled 122 CHC patients and 11 healthy controls from Dingxi city, Gansu Province, China. The patients were infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) during blood cell re-transfusion following plasma donation in 1992-1995, and had never received antiviral treatment. At present, all the patients except two underwent liver biopsy with ultrasound guidance. The Scheuer Scoring System was used to evaluate hepatic inflammation and the Metavir Scoring System was used to evaluate hepatic fibrosis. Twelve-hour overnight fasting blood samples were collected in the morning of the day of biopsy. Serum levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, cholinesterase, prothrombin activity, albumin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, hemoglobin, calcium and phosphorus were determined. Serum HCV RNA levels were measured by real-time PCR. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24,25(OH)2D3] were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Serum levels of 25(OH)D3 but not 24,25(OH)2D3 were significantly lower in CHC patients than in control subjects. Serum 25(OH)D3 levels did not correlate with liver fibrosis, inflammation, patient age, or levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, prothrombin activity, cholinesterase or HCV RNA. However, serum 25(OH)D3 levels did correlate with serum 24,25(OH)2D3 levels. Serum 25(OH)D3 and 24,25(OH)2D3 levels, and the 25(OH)D3/24,25(OH)2D3 ratio, have no difference among the fibrosis stages or inflammation grades. CONCLUSION: We found that serum levels of 25(OH)D3 and its degradation metabolite 24,25(OH)2D3 did not correlate with liver fibrosis in treatment-naive Chinese patient with CHC.


Assuntos
24,25-Di-Hidroxivitamina D 3/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Hepatite C Crônica/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Anal Chem ; 87(16): 8181-5, 2015 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26189701

RESUMO

Fatty acids (FAs) are a group of lipid molecules that are essential to organisms. As potential biomarkers for different diseases, FAs have attracted increasing attention from both biological researchers and the pharmaceutical industry. A sensitive and accurate method for globally profiling and identifying FAs is required for biomarker discovery. The high selectivity and sensitivity of high-performance liquid chromatography-multiple reaction monitoring (HPLC-MRM) gives it great potential to fulfill the need to identify FAs from complicated matrices. This paper developed a new approach for global FA profiling and identification for HPLC-MRM FA data mining. Mathematical models for identifying FAs were simulated using the isotope-induced retention time (RT) shift (IRS) and peak area ratios between parallel isotope peaks for a series of FA standards. The FA structures were predicated using another model based on the RT and molecular weight. Fully automated FA identification software was coded using the Qt platform based on these mathematical models. Different samples were used to verify the software. A high identification efficiency (greater than 75%) was observed when 96 FA species were identified in plasma. This FAs identification strategy promises to accelerate FA research and applications.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Animais , Automação , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ratos , Software
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