Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 94
Filtrar
1.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(5): 279, 2022 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35461400

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, motile by gliding, catalase positive, facultative anaerobic strain, designated strain XSD401T, was isolated from an unidentified Gelidium species of Xiaoshi Island, Shandong Province, China. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated strain XSD401T had a sequence similarity of 96.9% with Psychroserpens damuponensis KCTC 23539T and 96.3% with Psychroserpens burtonensis DSM 12212T. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was 33.9%. The ANI values between strain XSD401T and P. damuponensis KCTC 23539T, P. burtonensis DSM 12212T, were 76.9% and 76.9%, respectively. The dDDH values between strain XSD401T and P. damuponensis KCTC 23539T, P. burtonensis DSM 12212T, were 20.4% and 20.3%, respectively. The AAI values and POCP values of these 8 species were all over 72% and 50%. Combined with the results of comparative genomic analysis, Ichthyenterobacterium magnum, Flavihalobacter algicola and Arcticiflavibacter luteus were reclassified into Psychroserpens. Furthermore, the differences in morphology, physiology and genotype from the previously described taxa support the classification of strain XSD401T as a representative of the genus Psychroserpens, for which the name Psychroserpens luteolus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XSD401T (= MCCC 1H00396T = KCTC 72684T = JCM 33931T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria , Rodófitas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae , Gammaproteobacteria/genética , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 191, 2022 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore possible associations between glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) genetic polymorphisms in the patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Han and Uygur Chinese populations in Xinjiang, China. METHODS: Two GLUT4 polymorphisms (rs5418 and rs5435) were genotyped in 1262 Han (628 CHD patients and 634 healthy controls) and 896 Uyghur (397 CHD patients and 499 healthy controls) Chinese populations. RESULTS: In the Han Chinese population, there were no significant differences in allelic or genotypic distribution of rs5418 and rs5435 between the CHD and control groups (all P > 0.05). However, in the Uygur population, there were significant differences in genotype and allele distributions for rs5418 between CHD and the control group (all P < 0.05). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that carriers with the rs5418 A allele had a higher risk of CHD compared to carriers of the rs5418 G allele (OR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.069-1.649, P = 0.01), after adjustment for gender, age, drinking and smoking behavior, hypertension and diabetes. Furthermore, haploid association analysis of the two SNP loci of the GLUT4 gene showed that the AC haplotype was associated with CHD in the Uygur population (P = 0.001598; OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.1228-1.6406). CONCLUSIONS: rs5418 GLUT4 gene variants are associated with CHD in the Uygur Chinese population.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Asiáticos/genética , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/genética , Etnicidade , Genótipo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4 , Humanos
3.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 803776, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35283869

RESUMO

The effects of twelve different pre-drying and drying methods on the chemical composition in the pericarp and kernel of Amomum tsao-ko were studied. The volatile components were isolated from the samples by simultaneous distillation and extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Sixty and thirty-eight compounds were identified from pericarp and kernel, respectively, and the main constituents were oxygenated monoterpenes. These compounds were not only significantly affected by pre-drying and drying methods but also varied in content due to different tissue locations. The total volatile content of pericarp varied from 0.70 to 1.55%, with the highest obtained by microwave-dried samples (150 W) and the lowest in freeze-dried samples. The total volatile content of the kernel varied from 6.11 to 10.69%, with the highest content obtained during sun drying (SD) and the lowest content in samples treated with boiling water for 2 min. Oxygenated monoterpenes were the highest compounds in pericarp and kernel, which were also the most affected by drying methods. The highest content of oxygenated monoterpenes in the pericarp (0.77%) could be obtained by boiling water treatment for 5 min, and the highest content of oxygenated monoterpenes in the kernel (7.48%) could be obtained by SD. Additionally, the main components such as 1,8-cineole, 2-carene, (Z)-citral, nerolidol, (Z)-2-decenal, (E)-2-dodecenal, citral, (E)-2-octenal, 4-propylbenzaldehyde, and phthalan showed remarkable variations in pre-drying and drying methods.

4.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 71(7): 1645-1654, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767045

RESUMO

CD8+CD103+ tissue-resident memory T cells (TRMs) are involved in tumor immune response and linked to favorable clinical outcome in human cancer. However, the distribution, phenotype, functional properties and clinical relevance of these cells in gastric cancer (GC) remain elusive. Here, our data show that, in comparison to non-tumor tissues, the percentages of CD8+CD103+ TRMs in tumors are significantly decreased. Most tumor-infiltrating CD8+CD103+ TRMs are CD45RA-CCR7- effector-memory cells with higher PD-1 and 4-1BB expression than those from non-tumor tissues. Further, tumor-infiltrating CD8+CD103+ TRMs show impaired cytolytic capacity due to decreased granzyme B and perforin expression. Moreover, ex vivo PD-1 blockade could restore the cytolytic capacity of tumor-infiltrating CD8+CD103+ TRMs, and such anti-PD-1-mediated reinvigoration of CD8+CD103+ TRMs could be further enhanced by 4-1BB co-stimulation. Finally, lower levels of Tumor-infiltrating CD8+CD103+ TRMs are positively correlated with GC progression and poor patients' survival. Our data suggest that restoring CD8+CD103+ TRM function by combining PD-1 blockade and 4-1BB co-stimulation may be a promising strategy for treating GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Humanos , Memória Imunológica , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Fenótipo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
5.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(5): e2103543, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957697

RESUMO

Neutrophils constitute abundant cellular components in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues, but their protumorigenic subset in pathogenesis of GC progression is unclear. Here, it is found that patients with GC show significantly higher neutrophil infiltration in tumors that is regulated by CXCL12-CXCR4 chemotaxis. These tumor-infiltrating neutrophils express high level immunosuppressive molecules FasL and PD-L2, and this FasL+ PD-L2+ neutrophil subset with a unique phenotype constitutes at least 20% of all neutrophils in advanced GC and predicts poor patient survival. Tumor induces neutrophils to express FasL and PD-L2 proteins with similar phenotype to those in GC tumors in both time-dependent and dose-dependent manners. Mechanistically, Th17 cell-derived IL-17A and tumor cell-derived G-CSF can significantly induce neutrophil FasL and PD-L2 expression via activating ERK-NF-κB and JAK-STAT3 signaling pathway, respectively. Importantly, upon over-expressing FasL and PD-L2, neutrophils acquire immunosuppressive functions on tumor-specific CD8+ T-cells and promote the growth and progression of human GC tumors in vitro and in vivo, which can be reversed by blocking FasL and PD-L2 on these neutrophils. Thus, the work identifies a novel protumorigenic FasL+ PD-L2+ neutrophil subset in GC and provides new insights for human cancer immunosuppression and anti-cancer therapies targeting these pathogenic cells.


Assuntos
Neutrófilos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
6.
World J Pediatr ; 17(6): 653-658, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS), caused by CGG-repeat expansion in FMR1 promoter, is one of the most common causes of mental retardation. Individuals with full mutation and premutation alleles have a high risk of psychophysiological disorder and of having affected offspring. Frequencies of FMR1 alleles in general newborns have been reported in Caucasians but have not been investigated in the large-scale population in  the mainland of China. METHODS: The sizes of FMR1 CGG-repeats were analyzed in 51,661 newborns (28,114 males and 23,547 females) and also in a cohort of 33 children diagnosed with developmental delay using GC-rich polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and triple repeat primed PCR. RESULTS: The frequency of CGG repeats > 100 was 1/9371 in males and 1/5887 in females, and the frequency of CGG repeats > 54 was 1/1561 in males and 1/1624 in females. FMR1 full mutation and premutation were identified in 27.27% of children who had Ages and Stages Questionnaire scores less than two standard deviations from the cutoff value. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed the prevalence of FXS in China and improved the sample databases of FXS, suggesting that the prevalence of FXS in Chinese is higher than estimated previously and that FXS screening can be advised to high-risk families.


Assuntos
Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil , Alelos , Feminino , Proteína do X Frágil de Retardo Mental/genética , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Cromossomo X Frágil/genética , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação
7.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 135(22): 2541-2558, 2021 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Regulated in development and DNA damage responses-1 (REDD1) is a conserved and ubiquitous protein, which is induced in response to multiple stimuli. However, the regulation, function and clinical relevance of REDD1 in Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis are presently unknown. APPROACH: Immunohistochemistry, real-time PCR and Western blot analyses were performed to examine the levels of REDD1 in gastric samples from H. pylori-infected patients and mice. Gastric tissues from Redd1-/- and wildtype (WT, control) mice were examined for inflammation. Gastric epithelial cells (GECs), monocytes and T cells were isolated, stimulated and/or cultured for REDD1 regulation and functional assays. RESULTS: REDD1 was increased in gastric mucosa of H. pylori-infected patients and mice. H. pylori induced GECs to express REDD1 via the phosphorylated cytotoxin associated gene A (cagA) that activated MAPKp38 pathway to mediate NF-κB directly binding to REDD1 promoter. Human gastric REDD1 increased with the severity of gastritis, and mouse REDD1 from non-marrow chimera-derived cells promoted gastric inflammation that was characterized by the influx of MHCII+ monocytes. Importantly, gastric inflammation, MHCII+ monocyte infiltration, IL-23 and IL-17A were attenuated in Redd1-/- mice. Mechanistically, REDD1 in GECs regulated CXCL1 production, which attracted MHCII+ monocytes migration by CXCL1-CXCR2 axis. Then H. pylori induced MHCII+ monocytes to secrete IL-23, which favored IL-17A-producing CD4+ cell (Th17 cell) polarization, thereby contributing to the development of H. pylori-associated gastritis. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identifies a novel regulatory network involving REDD1, which collectively exert a pro-inflammatory effect within gastric microenvironment. Efforts to inhibit this REDD1-dependent pathway may prove valuable strategies in treating of H. pylori-associated gastritis.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Gastrite/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Células Th17/microbiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mucosa Gástrica/imunologia , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Gastrite/imunologia , Gastrite/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Helicobacter pylori/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Fosforilação , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
8.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573523

RESUMO

The pituitary gland, an important endocrine organ, can secrete a variety of reproductive hormones under the action of hypothalamus-secreted gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and plays important roles in animal reproduction. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of RNA molecules with stable covalently closed circular structures. CircRNAs are equipped with miRNA response elements (MREs), which can regulate the expression of target genes by competitively binding miRNAs. However, whether the expression levels of circRNAs in the pituitary gland change under the action of GnRH and whether such changes can further affect the secretion of reproductive hormones are still unclear. In this study, we performed RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) of GnRH-treated rats to identify differentially expressed circRNAs. The results revealed 1433 related circRNAs, 14 of which were differentially expressed. In addition, we randomly selected five differentially expressed circRNAs and tested their relative expression levels by RT-qPCR, the results of which were consistent with the RNA sequencing results. Finally, we predicted targeted relationships between the differentially expressed circRNAs and FSHb-LHb-associated miRNAs. In all, a total of 14 circRNAs were identified that may act on the secretion and regulation of reproductive hormones in GnRH-treated rats. Our expression profiles of circRNAs in the anterior pituitaries of rats treated with GnRH can provide insights into the roles of circRNAs in mammalian development and reproduction.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 737170, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512671

RESUMO

Cerebral-cardiac syndrome (CCS) refers to cardiac dysfunction following varying brain injuries. Ischemic stroke is strongly evidenced to induce CCS characterizing as arrhythmia, myocardial damage, and heart failure. CCS is attributed to be the second leading cause of death in the post-stroke stage; however, the responsible mechanisms are obscure. Studies indicated the possible mechanisms including insular cortex injury, autonomic imbalance, catecholamine surge, immune response, and systemic inflammation. Of note, the characteristics of the stroke population reveal a common comorbidity with diabetes. The close and causative correlation of diabetes and stroke directs the involvement of diabetes in CCS. Nevertheless, the role of diabetes and its corresponding molecular mechanisms in CCS have not been clarified. Here we conclude the features of CCS and the potential role of diabetes in CCS. Diabetes drives establish a "primed" inflammatory microenvironment and further induces severe systemic inflammation after stroke. The boosted inflammation is suspected to provoke cardiac pathological changes and hence exacerbate CCS. Importantly, as the key element of inflammation, NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is indicated to play an important role in diabetes, stroke, and the sequential CCS. Overall, we characterize the corresponding role of diabetes in CCS and speculate a link of NLRP3 inflammasome between them.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/imunologia , Cardiopatias/imunologia , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/imunologia , AVC Isquêmico/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Animais , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/epidemiologia , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/fisiopatologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Síndrome
10.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 697449, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305534

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke remains a devastating disease which is the leading cause of death worldwide. Visual impairment after stroke is a common complication which may lead to vision loss, greatly impacting life quality of patients. While ischemic stroke is traditionally characterized by a blockage of blood flow to the brain, this may coincide with reduced blood flow to the eye, resulting in retinal ischemia and leading to visual impairment. Diabetes increases the risk of ischemic stroke and induces diabetic retinopathy; the latter may be more sensitive to the ischemic retinal injury. In diabetic status, the underlying mechanism in stroke-induced retinal injury has not been fully clarified. The NLR pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is an important activator of inflammation, which may play a critical role in catalyzing and forming certain pro-inflammatory cytokines in both cerebral and retinal ischemia. Isoflurane has been demonstrated to inhibit the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and show neuroprotective effects. In this study, we established a diabetic mouse model and performed the middle cerebral artery occlusion procedure to induce ischemic stroke. Our results revealed that cerebral ischemia-induced retinal injury in the diabetic model. Isoflurane pretreatment alleviated the cerebral and retinal injury after ischemic stroke. Of note, isoflurane pretreatment inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome activation in the retina, indicating that isoflurane pretreatment may provide substantial retinal protection in stroke-induced retinal injury in diabetes.

11.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(6): e484, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185422

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Neutrophils constitute massive cellular constituents in inflammatory human gastric cancer (GC) tissues, but their roles in pathogenesis of inflammatory T helper (Th) subsets are still unknown. METHODS: Flow cytometry analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to analyze the responses and phenotypes of neutrophils in different samples from 51 patients with GC. Kaplan-Meier plots and Multivariate analysis for the survival of patients were used by log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models. Neutrophils and CD4+ T cells were purified and cultured for ex vivo, in vitro and in vivo regulation and function assays. RESULTS: GC patients exhibited increased tumoral neutrophil infiltration with GC progression and poor patient prognosis. Intratumoral neutrophils accumulated in GC tumors via CXCL6/CXCL8-CXCR1-mediated chemotaxis, and expressed activated molecule CD54 and co-signaling molecule B7-H2. Neutrophils induced by tumors strongly expressed CD54 and B7-H2 in both dose- and time-dependent manners, and a close correlation was obtained between the expressions of CD54 and B7-H2 on intratumoral neutrophils. Tumor-derived tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) promoted neutrophil activation and neutrophil B7-H2 expression through ERK-NF-κB pathway, and a significant correlation was found between the levels of TNF-α and CD54+ or B7-H2+ neutrophils in tumor tissues. Tumor-infiltrating and tumor-conditioned neutrophils effectively induced IL-17A-producing Th subset polarization through a B7-H2-dependent manner ex vivo and these polarized IL-17A-producing Th cells exerted protumorigenic roles by promoting GC tumor cell proliferation via inflammatory molecule IL-17A in vitro, which promoted the progression of human GC in vivo; these effects could be reversed when IL-17A is blocked. Moreover, increased B7-H2+ neutrophils and IL-17A in tumors were closely related to advanced GC progression and predicted poor patient survival. CONCLUSION: We illuminate novel underlying mechanisms that TNF-α-activated neutrophils link B7-H2 to protumorigenic IL-17A-producing Th subset polarization in human GC. Blocking this pathological TNF-α-B7-H2-IL-17A pathway may be useful therapeutic strategies for treating GC.


Assuntos
Ligante Coestimulador de Linfócitos T Induzíveis/metabolismo , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Ativação de Neutrófilo , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Ligante Coestimulador de Linfócitos T Induzíveis/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Inorg Chem ; 60(13): 9745-9756, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115461

RESUMO

Phenanthroline-diamide ligands have been reported in the selective separation of actinides over Eu(III); on the contrary, relevant basic coordination chemistry studies are still limited, and extraction under actual application conditions is rarely involved. In this work, N,N'-diethyl-N,N'-ditolyl-2,9-diamide-1,10-phenanthroline [Et-Tol-DAPhen (L)] was applied to explore the coordination performance of lanthanides in simulative high-level liquid waste. For the first time, cascade countercurrent extraction was conducted with Et-Tol-DAPhen as the extractant, which reveals the periodic tendency of the extraction efficiency of lanthanides to decrease gradually as the atomic number increases. Comparison of elements with similar radii verifies the hypothesis that the increase in the atomic number leads to a decrease in the ionic radius, thus reducing the coordination and extraction capacity of ligands. Slope analysis, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and ultraviolet-visible titration results show that the ligand forms 1:1 and 1:2 complexes with lanthanides and the coordination ability follows the tendency of extraction efficiency, and the first crystal structures of Lns(III) with a phenanthroline-diamide ligand, i.e., [LaL(NO3)3(H2O)] and [LaL2(NO3)2][(NO3)], were obtained, which confirms the conclusions described above. This work promises to enhance our comprehension of the chemical properties of Lns(III) and offer new clues for the design and synthesis of novel separation ligands.

13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 605106, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34123779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate family history (FH) of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), gastric cardia carcinoma (GCC), and gastric non-cardia carcinoma (GNCC) in the Linxian General Population Nutrition Intervention Trial (NIT) cohort. Methods: This prospective analysis was conducted using the Linxian NIT cohort data. Subjects with FH of UGI cancer was treated as an exposed group while the remainders were considered as a comparison group. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between FH of UGI cancer and risk of UGI cancer incidence and mortality were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: There were 5,680 newly diagnosed UGI cancer cases during the follow-up period, with a total of 4,573 UGI cancer deaths occurred, including 2,603 ESCC, 1,410 GCC, and 560 GNCC deaths. A positive FH of UGI cancer was associated with a significantly increased risk of ESCC and GCC (Incidence: HRESCC = 1.45, 95%CI: 1.35-1.56; HRGCC = 1.27, 95%CI: 1.15-1.40; Mortality: HRESCC = 1.40, 95%CI: 1.30-1.52; HRGCC = 1.27, 95%CI: 1.14-1.42) after adjusting for age at baseline, gender, smoking status, alcohol drinking, education level, and frequency of fresh fruit and vegetable consumption. Subjects with FH in both parents had the highest risk of ESCC and GCC incidence (HRESCC = 1.65, 95%CI: 1.40-1.95; HRGCC = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.12-1.81) and deaths (HRESCC = 1.65, 95%CI: 1.38-1.97; HRGCC = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.09-1.85). Spouse diagnosed with UGI cancer did not increase the risk of any UGI cancers of the subjects. In subgroup analysis, FH of UGI cancer was shown to significantly increase the risk of GCC in non-drinkers (Incidence: HR = 1.31, 95%CI: 1.17-1.47; Mortality: HR = 1.33, 95%CI: 1.17-1.50). No associations were observed for risk of GNCC. Sensitivity analysis by excluding subjects who were followed up less than three years did not materially alter our results. CONCLUSION: Our data point to the role of the FH of UGI cancer to the risk of ESCC and GCC incidence and mortality. The influence of family history on the risk of UGI cancer varies from different types of family members.

14.
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther ; 11(2): 435-446, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33968621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) has been recognized as a major player in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the study was to determine the association between polymorphisms of the MALAT1 gene and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a Chinese population in Xinjiang. METHODS: In the case-control study, we genotyped three nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3200401, rs4102217, rs600231) of the MALAT1 gene using SNPscanTM typing assays (1,053 controls and 929 ACS patients). Furthermore, we explored a predictive model using MALAT1 rs600231 and clinical variables to predict the risk of ACS. Finally, the relative expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) MALAT1 was also measured in 92 ACS patients and 92 controls using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: The prevalence of the GG genotype of rs600231 in ACS group was higher than that in control group (15.7% vs. 14.7%, P=0.048). The dominant model differed (AG + GG vs. AA) and the G allele of rs600231 in ACS group was higher than that in control group (for dominant model: 66.2% vs. 60.9%, P=0.014; for allele: 41.0% vs. 37.8%, P=0.042). Multivariate logistic regression analysis and the predictive nomogram model showed that the dominant model of rs600231 remained an independent risk factor for ACS [odds ratio (OR) =1.32, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-1.63, P=0.009]. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for the nomogram model for the prediction of ACS was 0.738 (95% CI: 0.716-0.761). In addition, in the AG and GG phenotypes, the relative expression of lncRNA MALAT1 was significantly higher in ACS patients than in controls with the same phenotypes (P<0.05). Among ACS group, compared to other genotype carriers, the relative expression level of MALAT1 in GG genotype carriers was higher (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the AG and GG genotype of rs600231 in MALAT1 gene was independently associated with ACS, and could be a risk genetic marker of ACS in a Chinese population in Xinjiang.

15.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(5): 1079-1086, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chloracne is a rare skin condition that is caused by systemic exposure to halogenated aromatic compounds. The main characteristic of chloracne is blackhead, and in severe cases, it can be accompanied by systemic symptoms. Sodium 3,5,6-trichloropyridin-2-ol (STCP) is a necessary precursor compound for the production of chlorpyrifos and triclopyr, which are extensively used as a pesticide and herbicide, respectively. STCP is also a chlorophenol that has been associated with chloracne. STCP poisoning could induce mild myelin sheath damage. We herein report three cases with chloracne due to exposure to STCP. CASE SUMMARY: Three young men, aged 29, 33, and 26 years, respectively, in the same workplace had polymorphic skin lesions, characterized mainly by comedones and cysts, and one of them also had acne like lesions in the genital area. These clinical manifestations appeared when they were exposed to STCP for 3 d, 1 wk, and 2 wk, respectively. Among them, polyneuropathy and liver damage occurred. We performed dermoscopy and clinical and laboratory tests on these patients. Additionally, histopathology was used for further diagnosis in the serious patient. These patients were diagnosed with chloracne and separated from STCP. The patients were prescribed oral viaminate capsules, topical adapalene gel, and regular hematologic follow-up for aspartate transaminase and lipids. They are still under follow-up. There was no new lesions and the laboratory tests returned to normal in two patients. Pigmentation and shallow scars remained in the original areas of papules. However, in the most serious patient, new papules still appeared intermittently. All these remind us that the treatment of chloracne caused by STCP is difficult, and we should attach great importance to this new compound related with the neuropathy and chloracne. CONCLUSION: STCP is becoming a new chemical product to induce chloracne, which should attract the attention of all medical professionals, especially dermatologists. Due to the lack of knowledge on the new chemical, the diagnosis of chloracne cannot be made in time. Chloracne still deserves our attention.

16.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(1): 196-203, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen-like 1 (TINAGL1), as a novel matricellular protein, has been demonstrated to participate in cancer progression, whereas the potential function of TINAGL1 in gastric cancer (GC) remains unknown. METHODS: The expression pattern of TINAGL1 in GC was examined by immunohistochemistry, ELISA, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot. Correlation between TINAGL1 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was analyzed by the GEPIA website and Kaplan-Meier plots database. The lentivirus-based TINAGL1 knockdown, CCK-8, and transwell assays were used to test the function of TINAGL1 in vitro. The role of TINAGL1 was confirmed by subcutaneous xenograft, abdominal dissemination, and lung metastasis model. Microarray experiments, ELISA, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blot were used to identify molecular mechanism. RESULTS: TINAGL1 was increased in GC tumor tissues and associated with poor patient survival. Moreover, TINAGL1 significantly promoted GC cell proliferation and migration in vitro as well as facilitated GC tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. TINAGL1 expression in GC cells was accompanied with increasing MMPs including MMP2, MMP9, MMP11, MMP14, and MMP16. GEPIA database revealed that these MMPs were correlated with TINAGL1 in GC tumors and that the most highly expressed MMP was MMP2. Mechanically, TINAGL1 regulated MMP2 through the JNK signaling pathway activation. CONCLUSIONS: Our data highlight that TINAGL1 promotes GC growth and metastasis and regulates MMP2 expression, indicating that TINAGL1 may serve as a therapeutic target for GC.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Expressão Gênica/genética , Lipocalinas/genética , Lipocalinas/metabolismo , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Regulação para Cima/genética , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipocalinas/fisiologia , Camundongos Nus , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia
17.
Front Genet ; 12: 750975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35046995

RESUMO

Genetic variation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene has been linked to coronary artery disease. We investigated an association between the polymorphism of MIF gene rs2070766 and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and the predictive value of MIF gene variation in clinical outcomes. This study involved in 963 ACS patients and 932 control subjects from a Chinese population. All participants were genotyped for the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of MIF gene rs2070766 using SNPscan™. A nomogram model using MIF genetic variation and clinical variables was established to predict risk of ACS. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were monitored during a follow-up period. The frequency of rs2070766 GG genotype was higher in ACS patients than in control subjects (6.2 vs 3.8%, p = 0.034). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that individuals with mutant GG genotype had a 1.7-fold higher risk of ACS compared with individuals with CC or CG genotypes. Using MIF rs2070766 genotypes and clinical factors, we developed a nomogram model to predict risk of ACS. The nomogram model had a good discrimination with an area under the curve of 0.781 (95% CI: 0.759-0.804), concordance index of 0.784 (95% CI: 0.762-0.806) and well-fitted calibration. During the follow-up period of 25 months, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that ACS patients carrying GG phenotype developed more MACE compared to CC or CG carriers (p < 0.05). GG genotype of MIF gene rs2070766 was associated with a higher risk of ACS in a Chinese population. The GG genotype carriers in ACS patients had worse clinical outcomes compared with those carrying CC or CG genotype. Together with rs2070766 genetic variant of MIF gene, we established a novel nomogram model that can provide individualized prediction for ACS.

18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5473-5478, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886590

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, coccus-shaped, catalase- and oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic and pink-pigmented bacterium, designated strain CQN31T, was isolated from sediment of Changqiaohai Lake, Yunnan Province, China. Growth occurred at 4-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 8.0) and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c and C16 : 0 were the predominant fatty acids. Phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine (PME) and one unidentified aminolipid (AL) were the major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71.5 %. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain CQN31T shared 96.8 % similarity with Roseomonas wooponensis JCM 19527T and 95.9 % with R. terricola EM0302T. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CQN31T and Roseomonas stagni DSM 19981T, R. rosea DSM 14916T and R. mucosa NCTC 13291T were 21.0, 19.4 and 19.8 %, respectively. Average amino acid identity and average nucleotide identity values between strain CQN31T and R. stagni DSM 19981T, R. rosea DSM 14916T and R. mucosa NCTC 13291T were 73.7, 63.4 and 61.9 %, and 79.2, 77.1 and 77.5%, respectively. Distinct morphological, physiological and genotypic differences from previously described taxa support the classification of strain CQN31T as a representative of a novel species in the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas bella sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CQN31T (=KCTC 62447T=MCCC 1H00309T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Methylobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Methylobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 300, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32560699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains one of the major causes of death in humans. Genetic testing may allow early detection and prevention of this disease. This study aimed to investigate the association between the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) -173G/C (rs755622) polymorphism and susceptibility to CAD based on a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched several databases to identify observational case-control studies investigating the association between the MIF -173G > C (rs755622) polymorphism and CAD risk published before July 30, 2019. Data were analyzed using the STATA software. RESULTS: Six studies, comprising a total of 1172 CAD cases and 1564 controls evaluated for MIF polymorphisms, were included. The occurrence of CAD was found to be associated with the C allele of the MIF rs755622 SNP in the total population (C/G, OR = 1.489, 95% CI = 1.223-1.813). Further, MIF -173G/C polymorphism was significantly associated with CAD under the allelic model in the Asian (C/G, OR = 1.775, 95% CI = 1.365-2.309) and Caucasian (C/G, OR = 1.288, 95% CI 1.003-1.654) subgroups. The data showed that the risk of CAD was higher in the population carrying the C allele. CONCLUSIONS: We found evidence of associations between MIF -173C/G and CAD susceptibility in the Asian and Caucasian populations.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , /genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etnologia , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Medição de Risco , /genética
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3588-3596, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453683

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, fine rod or short filament shaped, jacinth pigmented bacterium, designated strain WDS2C27T, was isolated from a marine solar saltern in Wendeng, Weihai, PR China (37°31'5″ N, 122°1'47″ E). Growth of WDS2C27T occurred at 20-42 °C (optimum 37 °C) and pH 6.5-8.5 (optimal pH 7.0-8.0). Optimal growth occurred in modified marine broth containing 6 % (w/v) NaCl. The major polar lipids in WDS2C27T were phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and one unidentified lipid. The major respiratory quinone of WDS2C27T was MK-6. The dominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 35.0 mol%. The nucleotide sequence of the 16S rRNA gene indicated that the most closely related strain was Psychroflexus planctonicus X15M-8T (92.0 % over 1452 bp). WDS2C27T showed 60.7 % average amino acid identity, 55.6 % percentage of conserved proteins, 75.0 % average nucleotide identity and 13.1 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization identity with the type species of the genus Psychroflexus, Psychroflexus torquis ATCC 700755T. The phenotypic and genotypic properties and phylogenetic inference indicated that WDS2C27T could be assigned to a novel species within a novel genus, for which the name Mesohalobacter halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. Strain WDS2C27T (=MCCC 1H00133T=KCTC 52044T) is the type strain.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Salinidade , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...