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1.
Foods ; 12(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613418

RESUMO

The present study used acetic acid, sodium hydroxide, and pepsin extract acid-soluble collagen (ASC), alkali-soluble collagen (ALSC), and pepsin-soluble collagen (PSC) from the bones of spent-hens, and the effects of three extraction methods on the characteristics, processing properties, antioxidant properties and acceptability of chicken bone collagen were compared. The results showed that the extraction rates of ASC, ALSC and PSC extracted from bones of spent-hens were 3.39%, 2.42% and 9.63%, respectively. The analysis of the amino acid composition, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and ultraviolet full spectrum showed that the collagen extracted by the three methods had typical collagen characteristics and stable triple-helix structure, but the triple helical structure of PSC is more stable, and acid and alkaline extraction seems to have adverse effects on the secondary structure of chicken bone collagen. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) scanning showed that PSC had higher thermal stability and more regular, loose, and porous microstructure. In addition, PSC has good processing properties, in vitro antioxidant activity, and organoleptic acceptability. Therefore, enzymatic hydrolysis was still one of the best methods to prepare collagen from bones of spent-hens, and enzyme-soluble collagen has wider application prospects in functional food and medicine and also provides an effective way for the high-value comprehensive utilization of waste chicken bone by-products.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the humoral immunogenicity for 6 months after the two-dose COVID-19 mRNA vaccination in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with childhood-onset rheumatic diseases (cRDs). METHODS: This monocentric observational study was conducted between August 2020 to March 2022. Humoral immunogenicity was assessed at 2-3 weeks after first vaccine dose and 1, 3, and 6 months after the second dose by the cPass™ SARS-CoV-2 Neutralisation Antibody (nAb) Assay. An inhibition signal of ≥ 30% defined seroconversion threshold and the readings calibrated against the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Standard for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. RESULTS: 169 AYAs with cRDs were recruited (median age 16·8 years (IQR : 14·7-19·5), 52% female, 72% Chinese). Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) (58%) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (18%) comprised the major diagnoses. After second vaccine dose, 99% seroconverted with a median nAb titre of 1779·8 IU/ml (IQR : 882·8-2541·9), declining to 935·6 IU/ml (IQR : 261·0-1514·9) and 683·2 IU/ml (IQR : 163·5-1400·5) at the 3- and 6-month timepoints respectively. The diagnosis of JIA (OR 10·1, 95%CI 1·8-58·4, p= 0·010) and treatment with anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor-α (aTNF) (OR 10·1, 95%CI 1·5-70·0, p= 0·019) were independently associated with a > 50% drop of nAb titres at 6 months. Withholding methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil did not affect the vaccine response or decay rate. The COVID-19 breakthrough infection was estimated at 18·2 cases/1000 patient-months with no clinical risk factors identified. CONCLUSION: Over half of AYAs with cRDs had a significant drop in SARS-CoV-2 nAb at 6-month despite an initial robust humoral response. JIA and aTNF usage are predictors of a faster decay rate.

3.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677874

RESUMO

Distant metastasis remains the primary cause of treatment failure and suggests a poor prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical cellular process for initiating a tumor invasion and remote metastasis. Our previous study showed that the blockage of the stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1)-mediated Ca2+ signaling blunts the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-promoted cell migration and inhibits the dissemination and lymphatic metastasis of NPC cells. However, the upstream signaling pathway that regulates the STIM1 expression remains unknown. In this follow-up study, we demonstrated that the miRNA-185-5p/STIM1 axis is implicated in the regulation of the metastatic potential of 5-8F cells, a highly invasive NPC cell line. We demonstrate that the knockdown of STIM1 attenuates the migration ability of 5-8F cells by inhibiting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) phosphorylation-induced switch from E- to N-cadherin in vitro. In addition, the STIM1 knockdown inhibited the locoregional lymphatic invasion of the 5-8F cells in mice. Furthermore, we identified miRNA-185-5p as an upstream regulator that negatively regulates the expression of STIM1. Our findings suggest that the miRNA-185-5p/STIM1 axis regulates the invasiveness of NPC cell lines by affecting the EGFR activation-modulated cell adhesiveness. The miRNA-185-5p/STIM1 axis may serve as a potentially effective therapeutic target for the treatment of NPC.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Animais , Camundongos , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/genética , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/metabolismo , Humanos
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; : 15385744231154078, 2023 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709975

RESUMO

Background: Intravenous lobular capillary hemangioma (IVLCH) of the neck is a kind of rare benign tumor of vein. Purpose: In this paper, we report two female patients who were hospitalized because of neck masses. Results: The tumors in the neck veins of our patients were white oval masses with pedicle, clearly defined and of different sizes. Their immunohistochemical staining results showed CD31 (+), CD34 (+), SMA (+), ERG (+). The pathological diagnosis was intravenous lobular capillary hemangioma. Conclusions: Due to the location, morphology and immunohistochemistry, This lesion needs to be distinguished from other intravascular lesions such as thrombus, hemangiosarcoma and papillary endothelial hyperplasia.

5.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; 47(2): 102076, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is characterized by non-caseating intestinal granulomas. However, the reported detection rate of granulomas on endoscopy is low. This study aimed to analyze the differences in the detection rate of granulomas in different intestinal segments and lesions in Chinese patients with CD to improve the detection rate of granulomas in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 113 patients with CD were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups: those with (n = 51) and without granulomas (n = 62) on endoscopic biopsies. Clinical information was collected from the medical records, including age; erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR); C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, and hemoglobin (Hb) levels; platelet count; disease course; sex; smoking history; related operation history; Montreal classification; and lesion location, size, and shape. RESULTS: The detection rates of granulomas in different lesion shapes were significantly different (P < 0.001), with those of longitudinal ulcers and circular ulcers being higher than those of erosion and irregular ulcers. We also found that the detection rates of granulomas in ascending colon and sigmoid colon were relatively higher than other segments of the intestine, however, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.716). Additionally, age, sex, smoking history, Montreal classification, related surgical history, disease course, and serum biochemical indicators (ESR; platelet count; and CRP, albumin, and Hb levels) were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The detection rate of granulomas in patients with CD is related to the morphology of the intestinal lesions. Meanwhile, lesion location may be correlated with the detection rate of granulomas.

6.
Gen Physiol Biophys ; 41(6): 569-577, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454117

RESUMO

As COVID-19 spreads over the world, the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) has attracted much attention. Considering ubiquitin-specific protease (USP) 25 has been relevant to inflammation, this article focused on its role in ALI and its regulatory mechanism. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was applied to separately stimulate mice and human lung epithelial cells to establish in vivo and in vitro ALI models. To discover the effects of USP25 overexpression on mouse, lung pathology, inflammatory factor levels, edema, number of inflammatory cells, and downstream protein levels were evaluated. USP25 overexpression in mice could alleviate LPS-induced lung tissue lesions and edema, and reduce inflammatory factors and inflammatory cells. It also inhibited the levels of downstream TRAF6, MAPK pathway-related proteins, and Fos Proto-Oncogene (FOS) in vivo. Furthermore, BEAS-2B cells were transfected with TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) plasmids to study the role of TRAF6 in the regulatory mechanism of USP25. TRAF6 overexpression was found to reverse the functions of USP25 overexpression on cells. In conclusion, USP25 reduced ALI and inhibited inflammation in lung epithelial cells via regulating TRAF6/MAPK/FOS signaling.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Células Epiteliais , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos , Pulmão , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo
7.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity has been linked to cognitive impairment. However, how changes in body mass index (BMI) over the life course influence cognitive function remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The influence of distinct weight-change patterns from young adulthood to midlife and late adulthood on cognitive function in older adults was explored. METHODS: A total of 5,809 individuals aged≥60 years were included and categorized into four groups on the basis of BMI change patterns. Cognitive function was assessed using four cognition tests in the baseline survey. The relationship between the weight-change patterns and cognition was evaluated using regression models. RESULTS: In comparison with participants who remained at non-obese, those moving from the non-obese to obese weight-change pattern from young (25 years of age) to middle adulthood showed lower Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) scores (ß= -1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -2.24 to -0.32). A non-obese to obese change pattern from age 25 years of age to 10 years before baseline was associated with a higher risk of DSST impairment (odds ratio = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.79). In comparison with participants whose heaviest weight was recorded after 60 years of age, those with the heaviest weight between 18 and 40 years of age had lower DSST scores (ß= -1.46; 95% CI: -2.77 to -1.52). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the transition from the non-obese to obese category in early adulthood and appearance of the heaviest weight between 18 and 40 years of age are associated with lower cognitive function in later life.

9.
Ageing Res Rev ; 82: 101762, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the bidirectional association between the kidney dysfunction and the brain health, including structural and functional abnormalities. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis with network meta-analysis for outcomes with different estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ranges. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase database, Cochrane library and Web of Science (up to Dec. 2021). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Longitudinal studies that provided evidence of the impact of kidney function estimated from eGFR and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) on structural and functional brain abnormalities, and those that provided evidence of the opposite relationship. Studies with study population mean age under 18 years old were excluded. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two independent reviewers screened the included studies, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias. We performed a random-effects meta-analysis and a network meta-analysis for outcomes with compatible data. We assessed the risk of bias using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale criteria (NOS). Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were conducted to explore heterogeneity in the meta-analyses. Inconsistency analyses using the node-splitting method were performed to confirm the results of network meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 53 studies with 3037,357 participants were included in the current systematic review. Among these, 16 provided evidence of structural brain abnormalities, and 38 provided evidence of cognitive impairment and dementia. Analysis of evidence of categorical kidney function showed a positive association between kidney dysfunction and cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) (relative risk (RR) 1.77, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40-2.24, I2 = 0.0%), but such results were not found in the analyses of evidence where the kidney function was measured as a continuous variable. Meanwhile, analysis of 28 prior longitudinal studies with 194 compatible sets of data showed that the worse kidney function as categorical variables was related to a greater risk of global brain cognitive disorder (RR 1.28, 95% CI 1.20-1.36, I2 = 82.5%). CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we found a positive association between CKD and functional brain disorders. However, the relationship between the kidney dysfunction and structural abnormalities in the brain remains controversial. As for the opposite relationship, structural brain abnormalities, especially cerebral microbleeds and silent infarction, but not functional brain abnormalities, are associated with worse renal function. In addition, a higher UACR, but not a lower eGFR, was associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Adolescente , Encéfalo , Estudos de Coortes , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Rim
10.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 1805216, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438202

RESUMO

The stage of decompensation is termed end-stage liver cirrhosis. Patients with decompensated cirrhosis (DCC) often have a variety of comorbidities that contribute to exacerbation of the disease and its high mortality rate. By comparing differential gene expression, transcriptomic analysis is useful for exploring relevant functional changes during disease progression. The purpose of this study was to identify differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and mRNAs in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and to further explore the functions as well as interactions between lncRNAs and mRNAs. Four patients with decompensated cirrhosis and four controls with liver cirrhosis were recruited in this study. RNA was isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and RNA-seq was used for transcriptome analysis. The functions of differentially expressed mRNAs were revealed by Gene Ontology (GO) functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses, and a regulatory network was also constructed. A total of 1046 differentially expressed mRNAs and 1175 lncRNAs were identified between the decompensated cirrhosis patients and cirrhosis controls. Functional enrichment analyses indicated enrichment of genes involved in pathways related to inflammation and cellular metabolic activities. In addition, the findings suggested that the phagosome/endosome/autophagy-lysosome pathway might play an important role in cirrhotic decompensation. In summary, this study identified differentially expressed mRNAs (DE-mRNAs) and DE-lncRNAs and predicted the biological processes and signaling pathways involved in cirrhotic decompensation, which might provide new ideas for further revealing the molecular mechanism of DCC pathogenesis.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Cirrose Hepática/genética
11.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221128573, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426712

RESUMO

Immune-mediated hepatitis is marked by liver inflammation characterized by immune cell infiltration, chemokine/cytokine production, and hepatocyte injury. C-X3C motif receptor 1 (CX3CR1), as the receptor of chemokine C-X3C motif ligand 1 (CX3CL1)/fractalkine, is mainly expressed on immune cells including monocytes and T cells. Previous studies have shown that CX3CR1 protects against liver fibrosis, but the exact role of CX3CL1/CX3CR1 in acute immune-mediated hepatitis remains unknown. Here, we investigate the role of the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis in immune-mediated hepatitis using concanavalin A (ConA)-induced liver injury model in CX3CR1-deficient (Cx3cr1-/-) mice. We observed that Cx3cr1-/- mice had severe liver injury and increased pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α], interferon-gamma [IFN-γ], interleukin-1 beta [IL-1ß], and IL-6) in serum and liver compared to wild-type (Cx3cr1+/+) mice after ConA injection. The deficiency of CX3CR1 did not affect ConA-induced immune cell infiltration in liver but led to elevated production of TNF-α in macrophages as well as IFN-γ in T cells after ConA treatment. On the contrary, exogenous CX3CL1 attenuated ConA-induced cytokine production in wild type, but not CX3CR1-deficient macrophages and T cells. Furthermore, in vitro results showed that CX3CR1 deficiency promoted the pro-inflammatory cytokine expression by increasing the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65 (p-NF-κB p65). Finally, pre-treatment of p-NF-κB p65 inhibitor, resveratrol, attenuated ConA-induced liver injury and inflammatory responses, especially in Cx3cr1-/- mice. In conclusion, our data show that the deficiency of CX3CR1 promotes pro-inflammatory cytokine production in macrophages and T cells by enhancing the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65, which exacerbates liver injury in ConA-induced hepatitis.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113802, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36271577

RESUMO

Allicin is the main active component of Traditional Chinese medicine, garlic. It is widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases. Our previous studies have confirmed that allicin significantly reduces blood pressure in Spontaneous Hypertension Rats (SHRs). However, the reports studying the effect of allicin on vascular and cardiac remodeling caused by hypertension are few, with their underlying mechanism not being studied in detail or fully elucidated. In this study, we treated 12-week-old SHRs with allicin for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, allicin was shown to improve vascular and cardiac remodeling in SHRs, as evidenced by reduced cardiac left ventricular wall thickness, aortic vessel thickness, and reduced proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and increased expression of and smooth muscle 22α (SM 22α). Additionally, allicin reduced serum IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α levels, improved calcium homeostasis in cardiomyocytes, downregulated calcium transportation-related CaMK II and inflammation-related NF-κB and NLRP3, which were observed in smooth muscle cells and cardiomyocytes. Thus, we inferred that allicin protected hypertensive vascular and cardiac remodeling in Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats by inhibiting the activation of the CaMK II/ NF-κB pathway. This study also provided new mechanistic insights into the anti-hypertensive vascular and cardiac remodeling effects of allicin, highlighting its therapeutic potential.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , NF-kappa B , Ratos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação , Actinas , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Ventricular , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Interleucina-6 , Cálcio , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262164

RESUMO

FET is to resuscitate the endometrium and transfer the embryo into the uterus after the endometrium is ready. The quality of transferred embryos is an important factor affecting the outcome of assisted reproductive technology. This paper aims to explore the feasibility of D4 frozen-thaw embryo transfer and analysis of related factors affecting the outcome of freeze-thaw embryo transfer. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 2925 patients who received frozen-thaw embryo transfer (FET) in the Department of Reproductive Medicine, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from January 1, 2017 to July 31, 2019. Including the woman's age, body mass index (BMI), endometrial thickness on the day of transplantation, number of embryos to be transferred, and type of embryos to be transferred. A single factor, multivariate logistic regression and nomogram were used to analyze the influence of different factors on the clinical outcome of FET. Nanomedicines and related nanomedicines are rapidly developing and establishing their importance in embryo transfer. This paper uses nanomaterials to explore the feasibility of D4 frozen-thawed embryo transfer. The woman's age, endometrial thickness on the day of transplantation, BMI, the number of embryos transferred, and the type of embryos transferred all affect the outcome of FET. The pregnancy rate of the D5 and D4 transplantation groups was, respectively, higher than that of the D3 transplantation group, with statistically significant differences. In the FET cycle, the age of the woman, endometrial thickness on the day of transplantation, the number of embryos transferred, and the type of embryos transferred are all independent factors influencing the outcome of FET. D5 blastocyst is the easiest to get pregnant, and that has the best clinical outcome which is better than the D6 blastocyst group; D4 morula and D5 blastocyst FET have little difference in clinical pregnancy outcomes, but both of them are significantly better than D3 cell embryos, so D4 morula can be considered for transplantation in the FET cycle. In conclusion, whether it is a patient who has failed the fresh cycle transplantation or the whole embryo freezing cycle whose transplantation is canceled due to high hormone levels on the transplantation day, FET is required.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(44): 20484-20494, 2022 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36282048

RESUMO

Nature has devised intrinsic electric fields (IEFs) that are engaged in electrostatic catalysis of enzymes. But, how does the IEF target its function in enzymes that involve several reaction steps in catalytic cycles? To decipher the impact of the IEF on the catalytic cycle of an enzyme system, we have performed molecular dynamics and quantum-mechanical/molecular-mechanical (QM/MM) simulations on tyrosine hydroxylase (TyrH). The catalytic cycle of TyrH involves two reaction stages: the activation of H2O2 to form the active species of compound I (Cpd I), in the first stage, and the Cpd I-mediated hydroxylation of l-tyrosine to l-DOPA, in the second stage. For the first stage, the QM/MM calculations show that a heme-propionate group functions as a base to catalyze the O-O heterolysis reaction. For the second stage, the study reveals that the reaction is initiated by the His88-mediated proton-coupled electron transfer followed by the oxygen atom transfer from compound II (Cpd II) to the l-Tyr substrate. Importantly, our calculations demonstrate that the IEF in TyrH is optimized to promote the O-O bond heterolysis that generates the active species of the enzyme, Cpd I. However, the same IEF slows down the subsequent aromatic hydroxylation. Thus, the IEF in the TyrH enzymes does not catalyze the product formation step, but will selectively boost one or more challenging steps in the catalytic cycle. These findings have general implications on O2/H2O2-dependent metalloenzymes, which can expand our understanding of how nature has used electric fields as "smart reagents" in modulating the catalytic reactivity.


Assuntos
Teoria Quântica , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase , Tirosina 3-Mono-Oxigenase/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Catálise , Heme/química
15.
Nat Microbiol ; 7(11): 1756-1761, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195753

RESUMO

The SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant (B.1.1.529 lineage) escapes antibodies that neutralize the ancestral virus. We tested human serum panels from participants with differing infection and vaccination status using a multiplex surrogate virus neutralization assay targeting 20 sarbecoviruses. We found that bat and pangolin sarbecoviruses showed significantly less neutralization escape than the Omicron variant. We propose that SARS-CoV-2 variants have emerged under immune selection pressure and are evolving differently from animal sarbecoviruses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Testes de Neutralização , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Proteínas do Envelope Viral , Anticorpos Antivirais , Glicoproteínas de Membrana
16.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093973

RESUMO

Good syndrome (GS) is a rare entity that associates the existence of thymoma with immunodeficiency. Gastrointestinal symptoms is one of the most common clinical manifestations. However, colorectal ulcers in GS were extremely rare. Herein, we present a case of GS presenting with diarrhea and colorectal ulcers to inform readers.

17.
Curr Oncol ; 29(9): 6035-6052, 2022 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135044

RESUMO

Genomic instability facilitates the evolution of cells, tissues, organs, and species. The progression of human malignancies can be regarded as the accumulation of genomic instability, which confers a high evolutionary potential for tumor cells to adapt to continuous changes in the tumor microenvironment. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a head-and-neck squamous-cell carcinoma closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. NPC progression is driven by a combination of accumulated genomic instability and persistent EBV infection. Here, we present a review of the key characteristics of genomic instability in NPC and the profound implications of EBV infection. We further discuss the significance of profiling genomic instability for the assessment of disease progression and treatment efficacy, as well as the opportunities and challenges of targeted therapies for NPC based on its unique genomic instability.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Instabilidade Genômica , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
20.
J Chem Inf Model ; 62(18): 4369-4379, 2022 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083808

RESUMO

Water molecules at the ligand-protein interfaces play crucial roles in the binding of the ligands, but the behavior of protein-bound water is largely ignored in many currently used machine learning (ML)-based scoring functions (SFs). In an attempt to improve the prediction performance of existing ML-based SFs, we estimated the water distribution with a HydraMap (HM) method and then incorporated the features extracted from protein-bound waters obtained in this way into three ML-based SFs: RF-Score, ECIF, and PLEC. It was found that a combination of HM-based features can consistently improve the performance of all three SFs, including their scoring, ranking, and docking power. HydraMap-based features show consistently good performance with both crystal structures and docked structures, demonstrating their robustness for SFs. Overall, HM-based features, which are a statistical representation of hydration sites at protein-ligand interfaces, are expected to improve the prediction performance for diverse SFs.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Água , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas/química
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