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2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2107-2118, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212617

RESUMO

Epikarst is the core area of karst critical zone, with important hydrologic regulation and storage function. However, the effects of karst development degree on hydrologic characteristics of epikasrt is still unclear. We used geophysical exploration and hydrogeological techniques, combined with the dynamic monitoring of moisture and water levels, to quantify the karst development degrees and their hydrologic characteristics on slope lands. We analyzed the responses of soil-epikarst systems to rainfall. Results showed that geophysical exploration technology could be well applied to the detection of surface-subsurface structures in the karst areas. The average thickness of soil and surface karst zone on the slope was less than 0.63 m and 2.60 m, respectively. The slopes of strong-karstification characterized by high apparent resistivity, well-developed joint fractures, and strong permeability (0.73 m·d-1). Such a result indicated that epikarst could regulate precipitation. The responses of soil moisture had a larger rainfall threshold (>20.50 mm·d-1) and the water level was determined by rainfall amount. In contrast, the slope with weak-karstification had low apparent resistivity and weak permeability (0.07 m·d-1). Moisture and water level were sensitive to rainfall. Karst channels were developed locally at 240-300 cm with a permeability coefficient of up to 432 mm·d-1. Obvious preferential flow was observed in extreme rainfall events on this slope, which could induce flood disaster in the adjacent depression. Our results would provide scientific basis for further research on water resources regulation, management, and eco-hydrology in karst areas of southwest China.


Assuntos
Hidrologia , Solo , Carbonato de Cálcio , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Magnésio
3.
Oncoimmunology ; 10(1): 1936758, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221700

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has revealed the crucial role of transcriptional RNA methyladenosine modification in immune response. However, the potential role of RNA N1-methyladenosine (m1A) modification of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) still remains unclear. In this study, we identified three distinct m1A modification patterns based on the integrated analyses of nine m1A regulators, which are significantly related to Relapse-free survival (RFS), Overall survival (OS), and TME infiltration cells in colon cancer patients. Furthermore, the m1AScore was generated by using principal components analysis (PCA) of expression of the 71 m1A-related genes to further demonstrate the characteristics of m1A patterns in colon cancer. In summary, a low m1AScore could be characterized by lower EMT, pan-F TBRS, and TNM stages, as well as less presence of lymphatic invasion, and, hence, good prognosis. At the same time, a low m1AScore could also be linked to CD8 + T effector proliferation, in addition to high microsatellite instability (MSI), neoantigen burden and PD-L1 expression, showing prolonged survival and better response after undergoing an anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy regimen in the public immunotherapy cohort. Our work reveals that m1A modification patterns play a key role in the formation of TME complexity and diversity in the context of immune cell infiltration. Accordingly, this m1AScore system provides an efficient method by which to identify and characterize TME immune cell infiltration, thereby allowing for more personalized and effective antitumor immunotherapy strategies.

4.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205046

RESUMO

A small organic molecule P was synthesized and characterized as a fluorometric and colorimetric dual-modal probe for Hg2+. The sensing characteristics of the proposed probe for Hg2+ were studied in detail. A fluorescent enhancing property at 583 nm (>30 fold) accompanied with a visible colorimetric change, from colorless to pink, was observed with the addition of Hg2+ to P in an ethanol-water solution (8:2, v/v, 20 mM HEPES, pH 7.0), which would be helpful to fabricate Hg2+-selective probes with "naked-eye" and fluorescent detection. Meanwhile, cellular experimental results demonstrated its low cytotoxicity and good biocompatibility, and the application of P for imaging of Hg2+ in living cells was satisfactory.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mercúrio/química , Rodaminas/química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Colorimetria , Células HeLa , Humanos , Citometria de Varredura a Laser , Limite de Detecção , Imagem Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química
5.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261054

RESUMO

Bcl-2, an anti-apoptotic protein, is always overexpressed in tumor cells to suppress the pro-apoptotic function of Bax, thereby prolonging the life of tumor. However, BH3 proteins could directly activate Bax via antagonizing Bcl-2 to induce apoptosis in response to the stimulation. Thus, mimicking BH3 proteins with a peptide is a potential strategy for anti-cancer therapy. Unfortunately, clinical translation of BH3-mimic peptide is hindered by its inefficacious cellular internalization and proteolysis resistance. Herein, we translated a BH3-mimic peptide into a peptide-auric spheroidal nanocluster (BH3-AuNp), in which polymeric BH3-Auric precursors [Au1+-S-BH3]n are in-situ self-assembled on the surface of gold nanoparticles by a one-pot synthesis. Expectedly, this strategy could improve the anti-proteolytic ability and cytomembrane penetrability of the BH3 peptide. As a result, BH3-AuNp successfully induced the apoptosis of two cancer cell lines by an order of magnitude compared to BH3. This therapeutic and feasible peptide nano-engineering strategy will help peptides overcome the pharmaceutical obstacles, awaken its biological functions, and possibly revive the research about peptide-derived nanomedicine.

6.
J Biol Chem ; : 100945, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246632

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins play crucial roles in various cellular functions, and contain abundant disordered protein regions. The disordered regions in RNA-binding proteins are rich in repetitive sequences, such as poly-K/R, poly-N/Q, poly-A, and poly-G residues. Our bioinformatic analysis identified a largely neglected repetitive sequence family we define as electronegative clusters (ENCs) that contain acidic residues and/or phosphorylation sites. The abundance and length of ENCs exceed other known repetitive sequences. Despite their abundance, the functions of ENCs in RNA-binding proteins are still elusive. To investigate the impacts of ENCs on protein stability, RNA-binding affinity, and specificity, we selected one RNA-binding protein, the ribosomal biogenesis factor 15 (Nop15) as a model. We found that the Nop15 ENC increases protein stability and inhibits nonspecific RNA binding, but minimally interferes with specific RNA binding. To investigate the effect of ENCs on sequence specificity of RNA binding, we grafted an ENC to another RNA-binding protein, Ser/Arg-rich splicing factor 3 (SRSF3). Using RNA Bind-n-Seq, we found that the engineered ENC inhibits disparate RNA motifs differently, instead of weakening all RNA motifs to the same extent. The motif site directly involved in electrostatic interaction is more susceptible to the ENC inhibition. These results suggest that one of functions of ENCs is to regulate RNA binding via electrostatic interaction. This is consistent with our finding that ENCs are also overrepresented in DNA-binding proteins, while underrepresented in halophiles, in which nonspecific nucleic acid binding is inhibited by high concentrations of salts.

7.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247316

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignant solid tumor that is characterized by high hypoxia. The transcription of genes associated with hypoxia affects tumor occurrence and development. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play important roles in cancer development. In this study, we screened for differentially expressed ncRNAs (non-coding RNA) and mRNAs between hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α) knockdown GC cells and scrambled GC cells. Microarray data revealed that HIF-1α regulated the expression of LINC01355 (Hypoxia Yield Proliferation Associated LncRNA, HYPAL). HYPAL was found to be significantly upregulated in GC cells and tissues and was correlated with poor GC prognosis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase reporter assays revealed that HIF-1α promoted HYPAL expression by binding the promoter region. A regulatory network for the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) was constructed using bioinformatics tools. Mechanistic studies revealed that HYPAL acted as a ceRNA of miR-431-5p to regulate CDK14 expression. Carcinogenic effects of HYPAL were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The HIF-1α/HYPAL/miR-431-5p/CDK14 (Cyclin-dependent kinase 14) axis activated the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and induced GC cell proliferation while inhibiting apoptosis. In conclusion, HYPAL is a potential molecular target for GC therapy.

8.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(7): 500-504, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247773

RESUMO

Two new lignan glucosides, tinsinlignans A and B (1 and 2), two new oxyneolignans, tinsinlignans C and D (3 and 4), along with one known analogue (5), were isolated from the stems of Tinospora sinensis. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated based on analysis of spectroscopic data, and the absolute configuration of 1 was determined through electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation based on the time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in murine RAW264.7 macrophage cells and compounds 1 and 2 exhibited moderate inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 18.5 ± 2.0 and 28.8 ± 1.2 µmol·L-1, respectively.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular characteristics in tumor immune microenvironment that affect long-term survival of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD). METHODS: The tumor related genetic features of a female PAAD patient (over 13-year survival) who suffered from multiple recurrences and metastases, and six operations over one decade were investigated deeply. Genomic features and immune microenvironment signatures of her primary lesion as well as six metastatic tumors at different time-points were characterized. RESULTS: High-frequency clonal neoantigenic mutations identified in these specimens revealed the significant associations between clonal neoantigens with her prognosis after each surgery. Meanwhile, the TCGA and ICGC databases were employed to analyse the function of KRAS G12V in pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The genomic analysis of clonal neoantigens combined with tumor immune microenvironment could promote the understandings of personalized prognostic evaluation and the stratification of resected PAAD individuals with better outcome.

10.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e13235, 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291873

RESUMO

Inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) was related with a higher incidence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births than appropriate GWG; however, the long-term association of maternal GWG with weight catch-up growth in SGA children remains unknown. The objective of this study is to evaluate the associations between prepregnancy body mass index (pBMI), GWG and weight catch-up patterns in SGA children. Data were from the Collaborative Perinatal Project, an American multicentre prospective cohort study. A total of 56,990 gravidas were recruited at the first prenatal visit, and children were followed up until school age. Maternal pBMI, GWG and physical growth of the offspring at birth, 4 months, 1 year, 4 years and 7 years old were recorded. The latent class analysis was employed to form weight catch-up growth patterns (appropriate, excessive, slow, regression and no catch-up patterns) in SGA children. SGA children who developed the 'appropriate catch-up growth' pattern and whose mothers had appropriate pBMI and GWG were chosen as the reference. Associations between GWG for different pBMI and weight catch-up patterns were analysed by multivariate logistic regression models. A total of 1619 infants (9.45%) were born term SGA. After adjusting for relevant confounders, compared with SGA children whose mothers had appropriate pBMI and GWG, SGA children with maternal prepregnancy underweight (for inadequate GWG, GWG below recommendations, adjusted OR: 2.88, 95% CI: 1.13-7.31; for appropriate/excessive GWG, adjusted OR: 3.07, 95% CI: 1.74-5.42) or with prepregnancy normal weight but inadequate GWG (adjusted OR: 2.14, 95% CI: 1.36-3.38) were at a higher risk of having the 'no catch-up growth' pattern. We suggest that SGA children with maternal prepregnancy underweight or inadequate GWG tend to have a poor weight catch-up growth at least until school age.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202954

RESUMO

Backgroud: The prediction of drug-target interactions (DTIs) is of great significance in drug development. It is time-consuming and expensive in traditional experimental methods. Machine learning can reduce the cost of prediction and is limited by the characteristics of imbalanced datasets and problems of essential feature selection. METHODS: The prediction method based on the Ensemble model of Multiple Feature Pairs (Ensemble-MFP) is introduced. Firstly, three negative sets are generated according to the Euclidean distance of three feature pairs. Then, the negative samples of the validation set/test set are randomly selected from the union set of the three negative sets in the validation set/test set. At the same time, the ensemble model with weight is optimized and applied to the test set. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (area under ROC, AUC) in three out of four sub-datasets in gold standard datasets was more than 94.0% in the prediction of new drugs. The effectiveness of the proposed method is also shown with the comparison of state-of-the-art methods and demonstration of predicted drug-target pairs. CONCLUSION: The Ensemble-MFP can weigh the existing feature pairs and has a good prediction effect for general prediction on new drugs.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos/métodos , Modelos Teóricos , Área Sob a Curva , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos/normas , Aprendizado de Máquina , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
12.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(28): 5636-5644, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196647

RESUMO

DNA polymerization is of high specificity in vivo. However, its specificity is much lower in vitro, which limits advanced applications of DNA polymerization in ultrasensitive nucleic acid detection. Herein, we report a unique mechanism of single selenium-atom modified dNTP (dNTPαSe) to enhance polymerization specificity. We have found that both dNTPαSe (approximately 660 fold) and Se-DNA (approximately 2.8 fold) have lower binding affinity to DNA polymerase than canonical ones, and the Se-DNA duplex has much lower melting-temperature (Tm) than the corresponding canonical DNA duplex. The reduced affinity and Tm can destabilize the substrate-primer-template-enzyme assembly, thereby largely slowing down the mismatch of DNA polymerization and enhancing the amplification specificity and in turn detection sensitivity. Furthermore, the Se-strategy enables us to develop the selenium enhanced specific isothermal amplification (SEA) for nucleic acid detection with high specificity and sensitivity (up to detection of single-digit copies), allowing convenient detection of clinical HPV and COVID-19 viruses in the low-copy number. Clearly, we have discovered the exciting mechanism for enhancing DNA polymerization accuracy, amplification specificity and detection sensitivity by SEA, up to two orders of magnitude higher.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/análise , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Fosfatos/química , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Selênio/química , DNA Viral/biossíntese , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Humanos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Polimerização , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Temperatura
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209571

RESUMO

It is important to obtain accurate information about kiwifruit vines to monitoring their physiological states and undertake precise orchard operations. However, because vines are small and cling to trellises, and have branches laying on the ground, numerous challenges exist in the acquisition of accurate data for kiwifruit vines. In this paper, a kiwifruit canopy distribution prediction model is proposed on the basis of low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images and deep learning techniques. First, the location of the kiwifruit plants and vine distribution are extracted from high-precision images collected by UAV. The canopy gradient distribution maps with different noise reduction and distribution effects are generated by modifying the threshold and sampling size using the resampling normalization method. The results showed that the accuracies of the vine segmentation using PSPnet, support vector machine, and random forest classification were 71.2%, 85.8%, and 75.26%, respectively. However, the segmentation image obtained using depth semantic segmentation had a higher signal-to-noise ratio and was closer to the real situation. The average intersection over union of the deep semantic segmentation was more than or equal to 80% in distribution maps, whereas, in traditional machine learning, the average intersection was between 20% and 60%. This indicates the proposed model can quickly extract the vine distribution and plant position, and is thus able to perform dynamic monitoring of orchards to provide real-time operation guidance.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Altitude , Frutas , Aprendizado de Máquina
14.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 70, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternally Expressed Gene 3 (MEG3) is expressed at low levels in placental villi during preeclampsia; however, its roles in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between MEG3 and URSA. METHODS: The differentially expressed lncRNAs (MEG3) and its downstream genes (RASA1) were identified using bioinformatics analysis of Genomic Spatial Event (GSE) database. The expression levels of MEG3 in embryonic villis (with gestational ages of 49-63 days) and primary trophoblasts were determined using quantitative RT-PCR assay. A mouse model of Embryo implantation, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, and Transwell migration assays were performed to determine the implantation, proliferative, apoptotic, and invasive capacities of trophoblast. The level of phosphorylated core proteins in the RAS-MAPK pathway were analyzed using Western blot assay. The mechanisms of MEG3 in the regulation of RASA1 were studied by RNA pulldown, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), DNA pulldown, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. RESULTS: MEG3 had a low expression level in embryonic villis of 102 URSA patients compared with those of 102 normal pregnant women. MEG3 could promote proliferation and invasion, inhibit the apoptosis of primary trophoblast of URSA patients (PT-U cells), as well as promote embryo implantation of mouse. Besides, MEG3 also promoted the phosphorylation of rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma (Raf), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), and extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) proteins. The results of RNA pull down and RIP assays showed that MEG3 bound with the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). The DNA pulldown assay revealed that MEG3 could bind to the promoter sequence of the RAS P21 Protein Activator 1 (RASA1) gene. Further, the ChIP assay showed that MEG3 promoted the binding of EZH2 to the promoter region of the RASA1 gene. CONCLUSIONS: The inactivation of MEG3 in embryonic villi association with URSA; MEG3 inhibited the expression of RASA1 by mediating the histone methylation of the promoter of RASA1 gene by EZH2, thereby activating the RAS-MAPK pathway and enhancing the proliferative and invasive capacities of trophoblasts.

15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(7): 613-619, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247362

RESUMO

Genomic disorders caused by pathogenic copy number variation (pCNV) have proven to underlie a significant proportion of birth defects. With technological advance, improvement of bioinformatics analysis procedure, and accumulation of clinical data, non-invasive prenatal screening of pCNV (NIPS-pCNV) by high-throughput sequencing of maternal plasma cell-free DNA has been put to use in clinical settings. Specialized standards for clinical application of NIPS-pCNV are required. Based on the discussion, 10 pCNV-associated diseases with well-defined conditions and 5 common chromosomal aneuploidy syndromes are recommended as the target of screening in this consensus. Meanwhile, a standardized procedure for NIPS-pCNV is also provided, which may facilitate propagation of this technique in clinical settings.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Aneuploidia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Consenso , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
16.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297543

RESUMO

Nucleic acid noises caused by the background and nonspecificity amplifications can jeopardize accurate polymerization and detection of nucleic acids, especially when they are analyzed in low copies. We hypothesize to reduce the noises by designing a system for specific signal extraction, transformation, and magnification to improve the specificity and sensitivity. Herein, by developing an extractor-trigger complex (ET-Combo) for the system, we have established isothermal and hybridizing combined amplifications: a one-pot detection system with two-step amplification coupled by ET-Combo. To our surprise, the signal extraction is only successful when ET-Combo is included in the first amplification. Our signal extracting, filtering, and relaying system with ET-Combo is rapid and specific, removing the noises generated during the isothermal amplification under elevated temperatures. To match the first amplification, we have designed and established a hybridizing chain reaction at high temperature. This one-pot system can resist disruption of background noises and allow detection of DNA up to five copies (single digit). With the high sensitivity, specificity, and noise resistance, our system has been successfully used to diagnose clinical samples of human papillomavirus (HPV) with the genotyping specificity.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2100129, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302402

RESUMO

The oxygen-dependent nature and limited penetration capacity of visible light render the low efficiency of photodynamic therapy in hypoxic and deep-seated tumors. Therefore, the development of oxygen-free photoactivated chemotherapy (PACT) to generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species by near-IR (NIR) light-cleavable photocages is in high demand. Here, an oxygen-irrelevant PACT strategy based on NIR light-triggered hydroxyl radicals (•OH) generation is developed for free-radical nanotherapy. Blebbistatin-loaded upconversion of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (UCSNs-B) is established to facilitate the high loading efficiency of blebbistatin and implement the efficient transformation of NIR light into blue light for unprecedented direct photorelease of oxygen-independent •OH. Under NIR laser irradiation, UCSNs-B converted NIR light into blue light, thus enabling the photocleavage of blebbistatin to induce the burst of •OH. The •OH burst under NIR laser irradiation further induces cancer cell apoptosis and significant suppression of hypoxic tumors. In addition, the gadolinium ion (Gd3+ )-doped UCSNs-B are used as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging to facilitate real-time monitoring of the therapeutic processes. This study effectively demonstrates that the UCSNs-B act as NIR light-triggered photocages to facilitate oxygen-irrelevant •OH bursts, thus providing insights into the development of efficient PACT nanoagents for cancer treatment.

18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4380, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282138

RESUMO

Recognition and fusion between gametes during fertilization is an ancient process. Protein HAP2, recognized as the primordial eukaryotic gamete fusogen, is a structural homolog of viral class II fusion proteins. The mechanisms that regulate HAP2 function, and whether virus-fusion-like conformational changes are involved, however, have not been investigated. We report here that fusion between plus and minus gametes of the green alga Chlamydomonas indeed requires an obligate conformational rearrangement of HAP2 on minus gametes from a labile, prefusion form into the stable homotrimers observed in structural studies. Activation of HAP2 to undergo its fusogenic conformational change occurs only upon species-specific adhesion between the two gamete membranes. Following a molecular mechanism akin to fusion of enveloped viruses, the membrane insertion capacity of the fusion loop is required to couple formation of trimers to gamete fusion. Thus, species-specific membrane attachment is the gateway to fusion-driving HAP2 rearrangement into stable trimers.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 138: 111524, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis-associated cardiac dysfunction results in increased mortality. Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid, showing significant anti-inflammatory effects. However, its pharmacological effects on sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction remain unknown. In this study, we attempted to explore whether Hyp could prevent cardiac dysfunction and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We established a mice mode of sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) treatment, and constructed a cell model of myocardial injury by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. The cardiac function indicators and the inflammatory cytokine levels were measured. Effect of Hyp on cardiomyocyte viability was evaluated using MTT assay. The expression and functional role of microRNA-21 (miR-21), a documented molecule that regulated by Hyp, was evaluated in the constructed models, and the potential targets of miR-21 were predicted. RESULTS: Hyp alleviated the impaired cardiac function and stimulated inflammation caused by CLP in the in vivo sepsis model, and alleviated the LPS-induced decrease in cell viability and increase in inflammation of cardiomyocytes. Additionally, Hyp significantly inhibited the expression of miR-21 in LPS-induced cardiomyocytes, and the increased cell viability and decreased inflammation caused by Hyp in the in vitro model could be reversed by miR-21 overexpression. In animal model of sepsis, the protective influence of Hyp against sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction was attenuated by miR-21 upregulation. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that Hyp may serve as a promising natural drug for the treatment of sepsis-associated cardiac dysfunction, and its protective role may exerted through regulating cardiomyocyte viability and inflammation by suppressing miR-21.

20.
Clin Nucl Med ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284477

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pericardial metastasis usually shows focal pericardial FDG activity. Diffuse linear pattern of pericardial FDG activity is uncommon. We present a case of pericardial metastasis from squamous cell lung carcinoma showing diffuse linear pericardial FDG activity mimicking tuberculous pericarditis.

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