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1.
Radiol Case Rep ; 17(3): 832-842, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35035648

RESUMO

Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a common autoimmune disease in the clinical setting. However, vertebral artery aneurysms caused by TA are rarely reported. We herein describe a 28-year-old man with multiple vertebral artery aneurysms and carotid artery aneurysms caused by TA, which showed typical wall thickening and lumen dilation with a "string of beads" appearance by Doppler ultrasound and radiology. Previous studies have shown that most TA-associated vertebral artery lesions are stenosis, occlusion, and dissection of the intracranial part of the artery. In this case, TA mainly affected the cervical segment of the vertebral artery (the intracranial segment was not obviously involved), and the main manifestations were aneurysms and occlusion. This case provides more information for further understanding of TA-associated vertebral artery lesions.

2.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(2): 190-196, 2019 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30614860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Physiologic cardiac pacing is a novel technique which has been largely popularized in recent decades. His bundle pacing (HBP) has been long considered the most physiologic pacing method; however, with the widespread implementation of this method, its disadvantages have become apparent. In this context, left bundle branch pacing (LBBP)-directly engaged in the His-Purkinje system-has been foreseen as the best pacing method to mimic physiologic activation patterns. This review aimed to summarize recent approaches to physiologic cardiac pacing. DATA SOURCES: This review included fully peer reviewed publications up to July 2018, found in the PubMed database using the keywords "His bundle branch pacing," "right ventricular pacing," and "physiologic pacing." STUDY SELECTION: All selected articles were in English, with no restriction on study design. RESULTS: The HBP has been studied worldwide, and is currently considered the most physiologic pacing method. However, it has disadvantages, such as high pacing threshold, unsatisfactory sensing and long procedure times, among others. Although LBBP is theoretically superior to HBP, the clinical relevance of this difference remains under debate, as few large randomized clinical trials with LBBP have been published. CONCLUSIONS: Although HBP indeed appears to be the most physiologic pacing method, it has certain shortcomings, such as high pacing threshold, difficult implantation due to specific anatomic features, and others. Further studies are required to clarify the clinical significance of LBBP.


Assuntos
Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 39(11): 2044-52, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23993171

RESUMO

Ultrasound bio-microscopy was used to measure hemodynamic changes in the left main coronary artery after myocardial infarction (MI), and its usefulness in estimating infarct size was evaluated. MI was induced by left anterior descending artery ligation. Diastolic peak velocity (Vd), mean flow velocity (Vmean) and the velocity-time integral (VTI) were measured 2 and 6 h after MI. Serum troponin I levels were assayed 2, 6 and 12 h after MI. At 2 h, Vmean and VTI significantly differed between mice that underwent low and high left anterior descending artery ligation; Vd, Vmean and VTI were correlated with infarct size (r = -0.557, -0.693 and -0.672, respectively; all p < 0.01). Infarct size was more strongly correlated with 2-h ultrasound bio-microscopy measurements than with 2-h serum troponin I level. Measurement of coronary artery blood flow by ultrasound bio-microscopy may be useful for early estimation of infarct size in mice.


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Microscopia Acústica/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Animais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
PLoS One ; 8(5): e62001, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23658704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delayed or impaired reendothelialization is a major cause of stent thrombosis in the interventional treatment of coronary heart disease. T cells are involved in neointima formation of injured arteries. However, the regulated mechanism of reendothelialization and the role of CD8 T cell in reendothelialization are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunofluorescence staining showed that CD8 positive cells were increased in wire injured femoral artery of mice. On day 21 after injury, elastin staining showed that knockout of CD8 (CD8(-/-)) significantly increased intimal thickness and a ratio of intima to media by 1.8 folds and 1.9 folds respectively in injured arteries. Evans blue staining showed that knockout of CD8 delayed the reendothelialization area on day 7 after injury (18.8±0.5% versus 42.1±5.6%, p<0.05). In vitro, a migration assay revealed that CD8(-/-) T cells co-cultured with WT macrophages significantly inhibited the migration of the endothelial cells (ECs); compared to CD4(+) T cells, and CD8(+) T cells could promote the ECs migration. Furthermore, real-time PCR analysis showed that knockout of CD8 increased the level of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in injured arteries and cytometric bead cytokine array showed that TNF-α was elevated in cultured CD8(-/-) T cells. Finally, a wound-healing assay showed that recombinant TNF-α significantly inhibited the migration of ECs. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that CD8(+) T cells could promote the reendothelialization and inhibit the neointima formation after the artery wire injury, and this effect is at least partly dependent on decreasing TNF-α production promoting ECs migration.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD8/genética , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Artéria Femoral/lesões , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Neointima/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia , Animais , Antígenos CD8/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Femoral/metabolismo , Artéria Femoral/patologia , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Neointima/patologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 46(7): 551-4, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17959075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankle brachial index (ABI) is thought to be an efficient means of objectively assessing the potency of lower extremity arterial system. This study is aimed to evaluate the relationship between ABI and cardiovascular disease CVD mortality in Chinese male patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: 1224 Chinese male patients with MS were selected from Beijing and Shanghai and the baseline examinations were carried out. All the participants were divided into 2 main groups: ABI < or = 0.9 (n = 268) and ABI 0.9 - 1.4 (n = 956). and they were followed up for (13.2 +/- 2.7) months. RESULTS: As to baseline characteristics, age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), hypertensive disease and diabetes mellitus morbidity and smoking history had significant difference between the 2 groups (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). All-cause mortality and CVD mortality decreased gradually while the ABI increased from 0.4 to 1.4. With Cox regression analysis, relative ratio (RR) value of all-cause mortality and CVD mortality also showed the decreasing trend with the rising of ABI. CONCLUSION: In Chinese male patients with MS, ABI is one of the most important parameters in indicating possible prognosis and foreseeing all-cause and CVD mortality. Male subjects with relatively old age, higher systolic blood pressure, hypertensive disease and diabetes mellitus morbidity, smoking history may be associated with lower ABI (< or = 0.9) and relatively higher all-cause and CVD mortality. Our results suggest the urgent need for frequent measurement of the ABI in clinical practice before diagnosing peripheral artery disease and making therapeutic decision, especially in some high-risk population such as male patients with MS.


Assuntos
Tornozelo/irrigação sanguínea , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/estatística & dados numéricos , Causas de Morte , China , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/sangue , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 46(12): 1022-4, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18478922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of inflammatory factors (interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, high sensitive C reactive protein) in the pathogenesis of anxiety after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) by investigating the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and high sensitive C reactive protein (hsCRP). METHODS: Serum IL-6, TNFalpha and hsCRP levels were measured in 105 ACS patients within 7 days after onset of the event. Symptoms of anxiety were evaluated by self-reporting standardized questionnaire, using a validated Chinese version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A)-Anxiety Subscale (7 items) within 72 hours of the event. Demographic and clinical data including cardiac risk factors were recorded. RESULTS: The median of TNFalpha was lower in the anxious patients with ACS than that of non-anxious ones (44.55 vs 61.70, P = 0.004). Neither the levels of hsCRP nor the levels of IL-6 were found to be different between the groups with anxiety and without. CONCLUSION: Anxiety after ACS does not increase the inflammatory reaction in the ACS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Ansiedade/sangue , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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