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1.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 446, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Leishmaniosis, a disease caused by pathogenic Leishmania parasites, remains an unresolved health problem in the New World and the Old World. It is well known that lizards can be infected by a subgenus of Leishmania parasites, i.e. Sauroleishmania, which is non-pathogenic to humans. However, evidence suggests that lizards may also harbor pathogenic Leishmania species including the undetermined Leishmania sp., discovered in our previous work. Leishmania DNA in lizard blood can be detected by using molecular methods, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: Three hundred and sixteen lizards, representing 13 species of four genera, were captured for blood samples collection in Northwest China. Two reliable molecular markers (cytochrome b and heat shock protein 70 genes) were used for detection in the lizard blood samples, to confirm a widespread presence of pathogenic Leishmania parasites and the distribution pattern of Leishmania spp. in lizards from Northwest China. The PCR data indicated positive detection rate for Leishmania in all the tested lizards with an overall prevalence of 57.91% (183/316). Apart from lizard parasites like Leishmania tarentolae and Leishmania sp., several pathogenic Leishmania including L. turanica, L. tropica and L. donovani complex were identified by using phylogenetic analysis. Co-existence of different haplotypes was observed in most Leishmania DNA-positive lizards with an overall rate of 77.6% (142/183). Even mixed infections with different Leishmania species appeared to occur in the lizards with an overall rate of 37.7% (69/183). CONCLUSIONS: Lizards can harbor pathogenic Leishmania spp. Co-existence of different haplotypes or even species of Leishmania indicates mixed infections in natural lizard host. Lizards may contribute to the spread of Leishmania parasites. The pathogenic Leishmania species detected in lizards from Northwest China may be of great eco-epidemiological importance.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(41): 22819-22830, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608353

RESUMO

We performed a density functional theory (DFT) study on X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and absorption (XAS) spectra of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanosheets at the N and C K-edges. A combined cluster-periodic approach was employed to calculate XPS spectra, in which the core ionic potential (IP) of the solid 2D material was computed by subtracting the work function (obtained with periodic conditions) from the gas phase IP (obtained with large cluster models). With amino-terminated supermolecules of different sizes, we obtained convergent spectra and provide new assignments for 5 nitrogen [1 sp2; 4 sp3 (bridging, tertiary, and primary/secondary amino nitrogens)] and 4 carbon (all bonded with three nitrogens) local structures. A good agreement with experiments was obtained, with the N1s (C1s) main peak position differing by 0.1-0.2 eV (0.5-0.8 eV). Our simulations show that N1s XPS of pure g-C3N4 contains only two major features at 398.6 and 401.2 eV, contributed from sp2-N and sp3-N, respectively. The chemical shifts of all sp3-N are so close (deviating by 0.3-0.6 eV) that terminal amino groups -NHx (x = 1, 2) will only be distinguished in high-resolution measurements. In C1s XPS, all carbons show similar (deviation < 0.2 eV) IPs, as determined by the same nearest neighbors. We further excluded the effect of shake-up satellites that may change our XPS interpretations by equivalent core hole time-dependent DFT (ECH-TDDFT) simulations. The effect of vibronic coupling is small (redistribution is only 0.1-0.3 eV to the higher-energy region) in the N1s edge as estimated from the asymmetric main peak shape, and negligible in the C1s edge. Quicker size convergence was found in XAS than XPS. In N1s XAS, we identified a weak π* spectral feature at 400-401 eV for both -NHx and tertiary nitrogens. Our study provides a clear theoretical reference for X-ray spectral fingerprints of different local structures, which is useful for analysis of g-C3N4 based materials with various designed or unavoidable structural modifications. We also highlight our combined cluster-periodic approach in calculating the K-edge XPS spectra of general 2D materials which predicts accurate absolute values.

3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(33): 4970-4984, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive colorectal cancer (OCC) is always accompanied by severe complications, and the optimal strategy for patients with OCC remains undetermined. Different from emergency surgery (ES), self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery (BTS), could increase the likelihood of primary anastomosis. However, the stent failure and related complications might give rise to a high recurrence rate. Few studies have focused on the indications for either method, and the relationship between preoperative inflammation indexes and the prognosis of OCC is still underestimated. AIM: To explore the indications for ES and BTS in OCCs based on preoperative inflammation indexes. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients who underwent ES or BTS from 2008 to 2015 were enrolled. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to define the optimal preoperative inflammation index and its cutoff point. Kaplan-Meier analyses and Cox proportional hazards models were applied to assess the association between the preoperative inflammation indexes and the survival outcomes [overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)]. Stratification analysis was performed to identify the subgroups that would benefit from ES or BTS. RESULTS: OS and DFS were comparable between the ES and BTS groups (P > 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) as the optimal biomarker for the prediction of DFS in ES (P < 0.05). Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) was recommended for BTS with regard to OS and DFS (P < 0.05). dNLR was related to stoma construction (P = 0.001), pneumonia (P = 0.054), and DFS (P = 0.009) in ES. LMR was closely related to lymph node invasion (LVI) (P = 0.009), OS (P = 0.020), and DFS (P = 0.046) in the BTS group. dNLR was an independent risk factor for ES in both OS (P = 0.032) and DFS (P = 0.016). LMR affected OS (P = 0.053) and DFS (P = 0.052) in the BTS group. LMR could differentiate the OS between the ES and BTS groups (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Preoperative dNLR and LMR could predict OS and DFS in patients undergoing ES and BTS, respectively. For OCC, as the potential benefit group, patients with a low LMR might be preferred for BTS via SEMS insertion.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(34): 7854-7857, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408075

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed DTBP oxidative dual C-H sulfurization has been developed for the direct thiocarbamation of imidazopyridines using a combination of elemental sulfur and formamides as carbamothioyl surrogates. NBS (bromo succinimide) was found to promote the thiocarbamation in good yields. This dual C-H sulfurization strategy enables access to a wide range of carbamothioyl imidazoheterocycles without the use of highly toxic phosgene.

5.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2019: 7418348, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30863441

RESUMO

Background: Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) have been increasingly used in patients with obstructive left-sided colorectal cancer (OLCC); however, stent-specific complications (e.g., perforations) might worsen the long-term survival outcome. Strict indication needed to be identified to confirm the benefit subgroups. This study was designed to explore the indication for emergency surgery (ES) and SEMS in patients with OLCC and to suggest optimal strategies for individuals. Methods: After propensity score matching, 36 pairs were included. Perioperative and long-term survival outcomes (3-year overall survival (OS) and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS)) were compared between the ES and SEMS groups. Independent risk factors were evaluated among subgroups. Stratification survival analysis was performed to identify subgroups that would benefit from SEMS placement or ES. Results: The perioperative outcomes were similar between the SEMS and ES groups. The 3-year OS was comparable between the SEMS (73.5%) and ES (60.0%) groups, and the 3-year DFS in the SEMS group (69.7%) was similar to that in the ES group (57.1%). The pT stage was an independent risk factor for 3-year DFS (p = 0.014) and 3-year OS (p = 0.010) in the SEMS group. The comorbidity status (p = 0.049) independently affected 3-year DFS in the ES group. The 3-year OS rate was influenced by the cM stage (p = 0.003). Patients with non-pT4 stages in the SEMS group showed obviously better 3-year OS (95.0%) than the other subgroups. The 3-year OS rate was 36.4% in the ES group when patients had a worse comorbidity status than their counterparts. Conclusion: SEMS might be preferred for patients of obstructive left-sided colorectal cancer in the "high-operative risk group" with existing comorbidities or those without locally advanced invasion, such as the non-pT4-stage status.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 212: 180-187, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639911

RESUMO

In this paper, the six C32 isomers which were of crucial importance in the manufacture of new electronic components were identified by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). For the discernment, geometry optimizations of the six isomers have been carried out, and the C1s XPS and NEXAFS spectra have been simulated in the frame of density functional theory (DFT). XPS spectra, as accurately reflection of different chemical environments where a particular element was located, provided an effective way to identify the six isomers of C32. The NEXAFS spectra, which were commonly used in the electronic structure detection, captured information of unoccupied orbital and showed many recognizable characteristics. To further investigate the source of spectral features, the spectral components calculated from different types of carbon atoms in each C32 isomer also have been well explored and discussed.

7.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(20): 4750-4755, 2018 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733610

RESUMO

XPS and NEXAFS spectra of four stable C40 isomers [29( C2), 31( C s), 38( D2), and 39( D5 d)] have been investigated theoretically. We combined density functional theory and the full core hole potential method to simulate C 1s XPS and NEXAFS spectra for nonequivalent carbon atoms of four stable C40 fullerene isomers. The NEXAFS showed obvious dependence on the four C40 isomers, and XPS spectra are distinct for all four isomers, which can be employed to identify the four stable structures of C40. Furthermore, the individual components of the spectra according to different categories have been investigated, and the relationship between the spectra and the local structures of C atoms was also explored.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(55): 7784-7787, 2017 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28650506

RESUMO

Dual C-H thiolation reactions using elemental sulphur remain a challenge. This communication discloses an oxidative radical dual sp2/sp3 C-H thiolation strategy for the coupling of imidazopyridines with ethers or alkanes using elemental sulphur.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 129(22): 2670-2675, 2016 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27823998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and its prevention is an important health-care priority. The cervical incompetence is a well-known risk factor for PTB and its incidence is about 0.1-2.0%, while there is no ideal optimum treatment recommended currently. The cervical incompetence causes about 15% of habitual abortion in 16-28 weeks. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone in the treatment of cervical incompetence with/without PTB history. METHODS: We retrospectively observed the pregnancy outcome of 198 patients diagnosed with cervical incompetence from January 2010 to October 2015 in Beijing Hospital. Among the 198 women involved, women who had at least one PTB before 32 weeks (including abortion in the second trimester attributed to the cervical competence) were assigned to the PTB history cohort, and others were assigned to the non-PTB history cohort. All women underwent cerclage placement (cervical cerclage group) or administrated with vaginal progesterone (vaginal progesterone group) until delivery. The outcomes of interest were the differences in gestational age at delivery, the rate of premature delivery, neonatal outcome, complications, and route of delivery between the two treatment groups. RESULTS: Among the 198 patients with cervical incompetence, 116 patients in PTB history cohort and 80 patients in non-PTB history cohort were included in the final analysis. In the PTB history cohort, cervical cerclage group had significantly longer cervical length at 2 weeks after the start of treatment (23.1 ± 4.6 mm vs. 12.4 ± 9.1 mm, P = 0.002), higher proportion of delivery ≥37 weeks' gestation (63.4% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.008), bigger median birth weight (2860 g vs. 2250 g, P = 0.031), and lower proportion of neonates whose 1-min Apgar score <7 (5.9% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.005), compared with vaginal progesterone group. No significant differences were found in other outcome measures between the two treatment groups. In the non-PTB history cohort, there were no significant differences in the maternal outcomes between cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone groups, such as median gestational age at delivery (37.4 weeks vs. 37.3 weeks, P = 0.346) and proportion of delivery ≥37 weeks' gestation (55.9% vs. 60.9%, P = 0.569). There were also no significant differences in the neonatal outcomes between the cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone groups including the median birth weight (2750 g vs. 2810 g, P = 0.145), perinatal mortality (5.9% vs. 6.5%, P = 0.908), and 1-min Apgar scores (8.8% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.984). CONCLUSIONS: Cervical cerclage showed more benefits in the maternal and neonatal outcomes than vaginal progesterone therapy for women with an asymptomatic short cervix and prior PTB history, while cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone therapies showed similar effectiveness for women with an asymptomatic short cervix but without a history of PTB.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical/métodos , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Progesterona/administração & dosagem , Progesterona/uso terapêutico , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Acta Trop ; 162: 83-94, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27338182

RESUMO

Leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania is still endemic in Northwest China. It has been thought that reptiles could be a reservoir for mammalian leishmaniasis. However, data are still scarce on natural infection of lizards with Leishmania spp. in China. The present study deals with detection, identification and phylogenetic inference of Leishmania parasites at species and intraspecies levels isolated from six desert lizard species from 10 geographical locations in Northwest China using amplification and sequencing of ITS-rDNA. In total, 83 haplotypes were found among 137 ITS1 sequences obtained from up to 64.6% of all captured lizards. Representative sequences of Leishmania available in GenBank were compiled for comparison with the obtained haplotypes. Tree-based species delimitation was achieved by using Bayesian phylogenitc analyses and maximum parsimony approach. Phylogenetic trees congruently supported that the haplotypes were found to belong to three Leishmania species including L. (sauroleishmania) sp., Leishmania tropica and Leishmania donovani complex. A network approach revealed paraphyletic populations of L. (sauroleishmania) sp. and L. tropica at intraspecies level regarding geographical origin and low host specificity. Chinese L. tropica from lizards showed significant heterogeneity as the obtained haplotypes were distributed in different clusters from other countries. Common ancestry was observed between some sequences of L. tropica from lizards and other sequence types from clinical samples from other countries. This may lend support to the potential reservoir role of lizards for human leishmaniasis. Our results appear to be the first molecular evidence for natural infection of lizards in Northwest China with reptilian Leishmania and mammalian Leishmania species. Desert lizards may be considered as putative reservoir hosts for Leishmania in China. Further studies on persistence of the Leishmania parasites in lizards and sandflies are recommended for the better understanding of their epidemiological involvement.


Assuntos
Haplótipos , Leishmania tropica/classificação , Leishmania tropica/genética , Leishmaniose/parasitologia , Lagartos/parasitologia , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , China , DNA Ribossômico , Clima Desértico , Geografia , Humanos , Leishmania tropica/isolamento & purificação , Psychodidae/genética
11.
Oncotarget ; 7(9): 10650-62, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26872378

RESUMO

Presenilin 1 (PS-1, encoded by PSEN1) is a part of the gamma- (γ-) secretase complex. Mutations in PSEN1 cause the majority of cases of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Although in recent years PS-1 has been implicated as a tumor enhancer in various cancers, nothing is known regarding its role in gastric cancer (GC). In the present study, we investigate the role and clinical significance of PS-1 in GC. We observed that PS-1 was significantly upregulated and amplified in GC tissues and cell lines, and its aberrant expression was positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and with poor overall survival. Furthermore, PS-1 promoted tumor invasion and metastasis of GC both in vitro and vivo without affecting the proliferation of GC cells (MGC-803 and MKN-45). The results of treatment with the γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT were consistent with the outcomes of PS-1 silencing. PS-1/γ-secretase cleaves E-cadherin and releases its bound protein partner, ß-catenin, from the actin cytoskeleton, thereby allowing it to translocate into the nucleus and to activate the TCF/LEF-1 transcriptional activator, which may promote GC invasion and metastasis.In conclusion, PS-1 promotes invasion and metastasis in GC and may represent a novel prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for GC treatment.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Fator 1 de Ligação ao Facilitador Linfoide/metabolismo , Presenilina-1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição TCF/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Diaminas/farmacologia , Ativação Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Presenilina-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Presenilina-1/biossíntese , Presenilina-1/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Tiazóis/farmacologia
12.
Acta Trop ; 153: 101-10, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26482137

RESUMO

Leishmania spp. are able to survive and proliferate inside mammals' mononuclear phagocytes, causing Leishmaniasis. Previous studies have noted that the regulation of apoptosis in host cells by these parasites may contribute to their ability to evade the immune system. However, current results remain unclear about whether the parasites can promote or delay the apoptotic process in host cells, because the regulatory effect of Leishmania was assumed to be strain-, species- and even infection time-dependent. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the Sichuan isolates of Chinese Leishmania (SC10H2) can alter the process of intrinsic apoptosis induced by cycloheximide in different types of macrophage cell lines and to determine in which steps of the signaling pathway the parasites were involved. Human THP-1 and mouse RAW264.7 macrophages were infected by SC10H2 promastigotes followed by cycloheximide stimulation to assess the alteration of intrinsic apoptosis in these cells. The results indicated that SC10H2 infection of human THP-1 macrophages could promote the initiation of intrinsic apoptosis, but completely opposite results were found in mouse RAW264.7 macrophages. Nevertheless, the expression of Bcl-2 and the DNA fragmentation rates were not altered by SC10H2 infection in the cell lines used in the experiments. This study suggests that SC10H2 promastigote infection is able to promote and delay the transduction of early apoptotic signals induced by cycloheximide in THP-1 and RAW264.7 macrophages, revealing that the regulation of intrinsic apoptosis in host cells by SC10H2 in vitro occurs in a host cell-dependent manner. The data from this study might play a significant role in further understanding the relationship between Leishmania and different host cells.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloeximida/uso terapêutico , Leishmaniose/tratamento farmacológico , Leishmaniose/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/parasitologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos
13.
PLoS One ; 9(9): e108480, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25264673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was designed to formulate a model that efficiently predicts splenic hilar lymph node metastasis (SHLNM) in patients with proximal gastric cancer and to assess indications for laparoscopic spleen-preserving no.10 lymph node dissection (LSPNo.10LND) based on this model. METHODS: Patients (N = 346) with proximal gastric cancer who underwent LSPNo.10LND from January 2010 to October 2013 were prospectively enrolled and retrospectively evaluated. Groups of patients with and without SHLNM were compared, and independent risk factors for SHLNM determined. An optimal predictive model of SHLNM in patients with proximal gastric cancer was well established. RESULTS: Of the 346 patients with proximal gastric cancer, only 35 (10.1%) were diagnosed with SHLNM. Depth of invasion, tumor location and metastases to No.7 and No.11 lymph nodes (LNs) were independent risk factors for SHLNM (p<0.0001 each). A model involving depth of invasion, tumor location and metastasis to No.7 and 11 LNs yielded a lowest Akaike's information criterion (AIC) of -913.535 and a highest area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.897(95%CI:0.851-0.944). Stratification analysis showed no SHLNMs in the absence of serosal invasion of the lesser curvature and metastases at No.7 and No.11 LNs (T2-3∶0/87, 95% CI: 0.00-4.15). CONCLUSIONS: A model including depth of invasion, tumor location and metastases at No.7 and No.11 LNs was found optimal for predicting SHLNM for proximal gastric cancers. LSPNo.10LND may be avoided when tumors on the lesser curvature did not show serosal invasion or metastases at No.7 and No.11 LNs.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Baço/cirurgia , Esplenectomia , Estômago/patologia
14.
Acta Parasitol ; 57(2): 101-13, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22807046

RESUMO

The leishmaniases are zoonotic diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Leishmaniases are still endemic in China, especially in the west and northwest froniter regions. To revalue the preliminary phylogenetic results of Chinese Leishmania isolates, we amplified partial fragment of small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) and 7 spliced leader RNA (7SL RNA), then tested the phylogenetic relationships among Chinese Leishmania isolates and their relatives by analyzing SSU rRNA gene sequences and 7SL RNA gene sequences. 19 SSU RNA sequences and 9 7SL RNA sequences were obtained in our study, then analyzed with 42 SSU RNA sequences and 32 7SL RNA sequences retrieved from Genbank, respectively. In the Bayesian analysis of the SSU RNA gene, the isolate MHOM/CN/93/GS7 and the isolate IPHL/CN/77/XJ771 are members of Leishmania donovani complex, while the isolate MHOM/CN/84/JS1 clustered with Leishmania tropica. The other 11 Chinese Leishmania isolates (MHOM/CN/90/WC, MCAN/CN/90/SC11, MHOM/CN/80/XJ801, MHOM/CN/85/GS4, MHOM/CN/84/SD1, MCAN/CN/86/SC7, MHOM/CN/54/#3, MHOM/CN/83/GS2, MHOM/CN/90/SC10H2, MHOM/CN/89/GS6 and MHOM/CN/ 89/GS5) form an unclassified group, defined as Leishmania sp., and the most relative species to this group is L. tarentolae. In the Bayesian analysis of the 7SL RNA gene, 9 Chinese Leishmania isolates also formed an unclassified group with L. tarentolae, including canine isolate 10, MHOM/CN/85/GS4, MHOM/CN/84/SD1, MCAN/CN/86/SC7, MHOM/CN/54/#3, MHOM/ CN/83/GS2, MHOM/CN/90/SC10H2, MHOM/CN/89/GS6 and MHOM/CN/89/GS5. We concluded that: (1) Chinese Leishmania isolates are non-monophyly group; (2) an unclassified group may exist in China, and the most relative species to this group is L. tarentolae; (3) MHOM/CN/84/JS1, which was previously assigned as L. donovani, was most genetically related to L. tropica strain MHOM/SU/74/K27.


Assuntos
Leishmania/genética , RNA de Protozoário/genética , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Citocromos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Filogenia
15.
Hum Reprod ; 27(2): 340-8, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22131388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to investigate the possible association between infertility of male uremic patients and expression of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein in their sperm. METHODS: Semen was collected and analyzed. Serum levels of FSH, LH and testosterone were measured by radioimmunoassay. The sperm CFTR expressions of 21 uremic patients and 15 renal transplant patients were measured and compared with those of 32 healthy and 33 infertile men. RESULTS: Only 9 ± 5.9% of sperm from uremic patients expressed CFTR, significantly less than those of the renal transplant patients (29 ± 14.3%, P< 0.001), the infertile men (42 ± 20.7%, P< 0.001) and the healthy men (51 ± 20.5%, P< 0.001). Furthermore, significantly fewer sperm from renal transplant patients expressed CFTR than those of the infertile men (P< 0.05) and the healthy men (P< 0.01). LH levels in uremic patients were significantly higher than in all other groups, whereas FSH levels in uremic patients were only significantly higher than in infertile and healthy men. There was no significant difference in testosterone level among the four categories. CONCLUSIONS: Sperm CFTR expression is depressed in uremic patients but recovers to some degree after renal transplant along with some improvement in fertility, indicating a 'reversible' change. These results suggest that the CFTR expression rate in sperm is correlated with the decline of uremic patients' fertility, and may be considered as a potential marker to assess the fertility of male uremic patients.


Assuntos
Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Uremia/metabolismo , Uremia/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante Humano/sangue , Glomerulonefrite/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Rim , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise do Sêmen , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espermatozoides/patologia , Testosterona/sangue , Uremia/sangue , Uremia/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Asian J Androl ; 7(1): 81-5, 2005 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15685357

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the changes of the spermatozoa ultrastructures before and after renal transplantation in uremic patients. METHODS: The sperm of five uremic patients before and after transplantation and four healthy volunteers were collected and examined by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Abnormal spermatozoa were found in patients pre-transplantation; abnormalities included deletion of the acrosome, absence of the postacrosomal and postnuclear ring, dumbbell-like changes of the head, tail curling, and absence of the mitochondrial sheath in the mid-segment. After renal transplantation, most of the spermatozoa became normal. CONCLUSION: There are many abnormalities with regard to the appearance and structure of the head, acrosome, mitochondria and tail of the spermatozoa in uremic patients. The majority of the spermatozoa returned to normal after renal transplantation, but a few still presented some abnormalities possibly relating to the administration of immunosuppressants.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Transplante de Rim , Espermatozoides/patologia , Acrossomo/patologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica , Diálise Renal , Cabeça do Espermatozoide/patologia , Cauda do Espermatozoide/patologia , Espermatozoides/ultraestrutura
17.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 9(9): 679-80, 683, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14727357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of different dosages of cyclosporine A (CsA) on the main semen parameters and sperm morphology of the patients after renal transplantation. METHODS: The semen of 18 patients after renal transplantation treated with different dosages of CsA was analyzed and the semen parameters and sperm morphology were compared with those of 12 normal volunteers. RESULTS: There was not significant difference between the main parameters of the patients treated with 1.5-3.0 mg.Kg-1.d-1 of CsA and 3.1-5.5 mg.Kg-1.d-1 of CsA and those of the volunteers (P > 0.05), but the rate of normal sperm morphology was significantly different between the two groups(P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Different therapeutic dosages of CsA did not have any effect on most of the semen parameters of the patients after renal transplantation, but did affect the sperm morphology.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/farmacologia , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Transplante de Rim , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Sêmen/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos
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