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1.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019334

RESUMO

1. The study objectives were to determine the direct effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on the proliferation of ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) and the development of follicles in geese (Anser cygnoides) by colorimetry and ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) cell proliferation assays, in which primary GCs were treated with different concentrations of GnRH agonist (alarelin acetate) and an antagonist (cetrorelix acetate). Differently expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by RNA-sequencing and validated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting.2. The EdU assays showed that the proliferation of GCs was affected by the GnRH agonist and antagonist in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of treatment on cell proliferation was statistically significant at the concentrations of 10-5 mol/l alarelin and 1 mg/l cetrorelix acetate. A total of 134 DEGs (76 downregulated and 58 upregulated for alarelin treatment) and 226 DEGs (90 downregulated and 136 upregulated for cetrorelix) were identified by RNA-sequencing analysis, respectively. Enrichment analysis indicated that DEGs were enriched in the GO terms of cell-cell signalling and cell junctions. The pathways that regulate the development of follicles were identified, including the biological progress of cAMP accumulation, ovulation cycle and vasculature that are essential to follicular selection.3. The results suggested that GnRH might directly regulate GC proliferation via autocrine or paracrine pathways related to cell junctions. In particular, it was confirmed that the mRNA and protein expression levels of the oestrogen receptor 2 (ESR2) gene, a negative transcription factor involved in follicular maturation and ovulation, were affected by GnRH agonist or antagonist in GCs.4. In conclusion, GnRH might play an important role in follicular development by changing the expression of genes that participate in cAMP accumulation, ovulation cycle and cell junctions in ovarian GCs.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 717: 137136, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062263

RESUMO

Communities located in near-road environments face adverse health effects due to elevated exposures to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP). While the use of a combination of solid structures (i.e. sound walls) and vegetation barriers can be an effective TRAP mitigation tool, installing these barriers can also present challenges to local communities. Sound walls are costly, and building these structures often requires the involvement of federal, state, and local permitting agencies. In this paper, we proposed that the use of low-cost, impermeable, solid structures (LISS), e.g., an impermeable thin wooden, plastic or metal fence, combined with vegetation can provide an effective option for local communities to improve near-road air quality due to lower costs and easier implementation. We conducted Large Eddy Simulations (LES) for different design scenarios of LISS and vegetation barriers under various conditions. Our results indicate that (i) combining LISS and vegetation is more effective than either alone, (ii) combining a less dense vegetation and LISS can be as effective as a dense vegetation barrier, (iii) In certain scenarios, depending on wind speed and particle size, vegetation barriers alone might lead to elevated pollutant concentrations; however, combining LISS with vegetation can mitigate those negative impacts, (iv) placing LISS closer to the freeway and in front of the vegetation barrier enhances vertical dispersion of pollutants, and (v) increasing LISS height promotes pollutant concentration reduction. These design recommendations can be used by urban planners, developers, and local community leaders to evaluate and implement green infrastructure to mitigate TRAP.

3.
Poult Sci ; 99(2): 1001-1009, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036957

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine whether protein solubility (PS) of rapeseed meals (RSM) can affect standardized ileal amino acid digestibility (SIDAA) in meat ducks. A total of 1,168, 14-days-old ducks were randomly allotted to 23 treatments (6 cages per diet, 8 ducks per cage) and 1 nitrogen-free diet treatment (8 cages, 8 ducks per cage) based on body weight. The 23 experimental diets consisted of a corn-soybean meal basal diet, and 22 diets containing 15% RSM: 85% basal diet. Titanium dioxide (0.5%) was included in all diets as an indigestible marker. On day 18, all ducks were euthanized by carbon dioxide asphyxiation and digesta samples from the ileum. The contents of PS, ether extract (EE), glucosinolate, isothiocyanate, and oxazolidine were significantly different (P < 0.05) in the 22 RSM, with the CV being 52.62, 49.23, 86.84, 90.19, and 81.98%, respectively. The content of lysine (Lys) and methionine in the 22 RSM samples ranged from 1.03 to 2.71% (CV 24.19%) and from 0.33 to 0.65% (CV 15.17%), respectively. The SIDAA, except for leucine (Leu) and tyrosine, of the 22 RSM samples varied significantly (P < 0.05). A positive correlation was observed (P < 0.05) between PS and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of Lys, isoleucine, valine, phenylalanine, histidine, serine, cysteine, and tyrosine. The R2 value of multiple linear regression equations for predicting the SID of amino acids (AA) was best for Lys (R2 = 0.958 using dry matter, crude protein, EE, crude fiber, acid detergent fiber, and PS) and least significant for Leu (R2 = 0.348 using crude fiber and ash) with intermediate values for other AA (R2 = 0.359-0.837, P < 0.05). These results suggest that PS varying from 15.06 to 98.08%, also varied considerably in the proximate nutrient content, AA composition, and antinutritional factor content, which was reflected in considerable differences in the duck's SID of AA in RSM. Therefore, PS value can partly reflect the quality of RSM.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 878-884, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism underlying micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-21 in the invasion of rat aortic aneurysm cells in vitro by regulating matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, model group, and miR-21 group. Real Time fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) was adopted to detect the levels of miR-21 in each group of cells, transwell assay was performed to measure the effect of miR-21 on the invasion of aortic aneurysm cells. Western blotting was used to examine the expression of PTEN, which is the predicted target of miR-21 in aortic aneurysm cells, as well as the expressions of invasion-related proteases, MMP-2 and MMP-9. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-21 in thoracic aortic aneurysm cells in model group was significantly higher than that in normal group (p<0.05), and that in miR-21 group was remarkably higher than that in model group (p<0.05). MiR-21 group had evidently more aortic aneurysm cells and stronger cell invasion ability than normal group and model group (p<0.05). In addition, the expression level of PTEN in model group was significantly higher than that in normal group (p<0.05), while that in miR-21 group notably declined compared to model group, (p<0.05). Compared with normal group and model group, the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were markedly increased in miR-21 group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In aortic aneurysm cells of rats, miR-21 could suppress the expression of PTEN and activate MMP-2 and MMP-9 signals to promote the proliferation and migration of aortic aneurysm cells.

5.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900845

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in acquired resistance to gefitinib in lung cancer. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism of gefitinib-induced EMT in lung adenocarcinoma cells harboring EGFR mutation. METHODS: CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression was determined through qRT-PCR, Western blot and flow cytometry assays in lung cancer cell line (PC9) bearing mutated EGFR. Functional role of CXCR4 was inhibited applying siRNAs as well as the specific antagonist AMD3100. The expression of EMT markers was determined, and the migration of PC9 cells was measured with transwell assay. RESULTS: We found that gefitinib promoted the migratory capacity of PC9 cells in vitro, which correlated with EMT occurrence through upregulation of CXCR4. Blocking CXCR4 significantly suppressed gefitinib-induced enhancement of migration and EMT. Moreover, we determined that the upregulation of CXCR4 by gefitinib was dependent on TGF-ß1/Smad2 signaling activity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested a potential mechanism by which gefitinib induced EMT in cells harboring EGFR mutation through a pathway involving TGF-ß1 and CXCR4. Thus, the combination of CXCR4 antagonist and TGFßR inhibitors might provide an alternative strategy to overcome progression of lung cancer after gefitinib treatment.

6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914569

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors. Results: The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914570

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years. Results: The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 62-68, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914571

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Results: As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914572

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment. Results: With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914573

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Results: The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 108-112, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914578

RESUMO

The health literacy refers to the ability of individuals to acquire and understand basic health information and services and use them to make the right decisions to maintain and promote their health. Health literacy data focusing on cancer prevention and control was limited in China. In order to understand the health literacy and awareness of cancer risk factors and the cancer screening, early diagnosis and treatment in Chinese urban residents and compare the effect of different stages of the cancer intervention, the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) program, supported by the National Key Public Health Program, conducted a survey on the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents in 16 provinces nationwide from 2015 to 2017. Four subgroups were designed in this survey, including (1) general population who have never participated in any cancer screening programs at a community-level; (2) individuals who have previously attended the CanSPUC program for cancer risk assessment or screening intervention; (3) cancer patients who were receiving treatment in local hospitals; (4) a special group from employees of government and public institutions (non-health system), state-owned enterprises and private enterprises (to have better understand on the impact of socioeconomic factors). The self-designed questionnaire covered six parts, including basic information, consciousness of common risk factors to cancer, awareness of early detection, awareness of early diagnosis, awareness of early treatment, and the needs and approaches for knowledge of cancer prevention and treatment. A total of 32 257 individuals were included in the final analyses. This paper landscaped the overall design of the survey, including participants, domains of the instrument, quality control, basic characteristics of the included individuals. These descriptions are applicable to each individual report of the current special issue of "Health Literacy of Cancer Control in Urban China" and future reports, in which more detailed results are and will be reported. The findings of this survey could provide some useful implications for similar researches in the future.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , China , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Dis Esophagus ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863099

RESUMO

Esophageal cancer has a high incidence among malignancies in China, but a comprehensive picture of the status of its surgical management in China has hitherto not been available. A nationwide database has recently been established to address this issue. METHOD: A National Database was setup through a network platform, and data was collected from 70 high-volume centers (>100 esophagectomies/per year) across China. Data was entered between January 2009 and December 2014, and was analyzed in June 2015 after a minimal follow-up of 6 months for all patients. 8181 patients with complete data who received surgery for primary esophageal cancer on the Database were included in the analysis. RESULT: In this series, there were 6052 males and 2129 females, with a mean age of 60.5 years (range: 22-90 years). The pathology in 95.5% of patients was squamous cell carcinoma. The pathological stage distribution was 1.2% in stage 0, 2.5% in Ia, 11.5% in Ib, 14.8% in IIa, 36.1% in IIb, 19.3% in IIIa, 8.3% in IIIb, 6.2% in IIIc. 1800 patients (22.0%) with locally advanced disease received preoperative neoadjuvant therapy and 3592 patients (43.9%) underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. The esophagectomies were performed through left thoracotomy approach in 5870 cases (72.6%), through right chest approach in 2215 cases (27.4%) including right thoracotomy (21.3%) and VATS (6.1%). The 30-day postoperative mortality rate was 0.6% (43 patients), and the overall postoperative complication rate was 11.6% (951 patients). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates were 82.6%, 61.6%, and 52.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This National Registry Database from high-volume centers provides a comprehensive picture of surgical management for esophageal cancer in China for the first time. Squamous cell carcinoma predominates, but there is heterogeneity with respect to the surgical approach and perioperative oncologic management. Overall, surgical mortality and morbidity rates are low, and good survival rates have been achieved due to improvement of surgical treatment technology in recent years.

14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(23): 10400-10409, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In recent years, studies have shown that lncRNA plays an essential regulatory role in biological life activities. In disease and cancer research, the function of lncRNA is closely related to inflammatory response, tumor formation and cellular metabolism. Breast cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in women. The research on the pathogenesis of breast cancer is the focus of current research. Although the regulatory mechanisms of some lncRNAs have been proven, the complexity of cancer regulation has led to incomplete research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of LOXL1-AS1 and miR-143-3p was measured using qRT-PCR. Western blot was used to detect CDK, Cyclin D1, MMP-2, MMP-9, Bcl-2, Bax and Cleaved caspase-3 protein expression. MTT assay and transwell assay were applied to analyze cell proliferation, migration and invasion, respectively. Cell apoptosis rate of transfected cells was measured with flow cytometry. Luciferase reporter assay was applied to verify the relationship between LOXL1-AS1 and miR-143-3p. RESULTS: In this study, we found that LOXL1-AS1 expression was induced while miR-142-3p expression was decreased in breast cancer tissues and cells, implying that LOXL1-AS1 and miR-143-3p play an important role in cell progression of breast cancer. Further investigation showed that silencing LOXL1-AS1 inhibited proliferation, promoted cell apoptosis and decreased the capacity of cell migrated and invasive in breast cancer cells. The analysis of luciferase reporter assay determined that LOXL1-AS1 directly targeted miR-143-3p in breast cancer cells. The rescue experiments further proved that miR-143-3p reversed the inhibited effects of si- LOXL1-AS1 on breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we verified that LncRNA LOXL1-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion as well as induced apoptosis in breast cancer via regulating miR-143-3p, providing a novel therapeutic target and improving understanding of the regulatory mechanism of cell progression in breast cancer.

16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(10): 662-669, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607001

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of microRNA-26a-5p on osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSC) and its related mechanisms. Methods: hPDLSC in periodontal tissues from healthy adults and hPDLSC from periodontitis patients (PPDLSC) were isolated and cultured in vitro, respectively. The PPDLSC were divided into Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ groups. Group Ⅰ is control group, and the other four groups were transiently transfected with miR-NC, miR-26a-5p, antimiR-NC and antimiR-26a-5p lentiviral vectors, respectively. The osteogenic differentiation abilities of the cells in vitro were determined by alizarin red staining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). Totally 40 male mice (6-weeks) were equally divided into five groups with 8 mice in each group. The PPDLSCs cells (1×10(7)/ml) in Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ groups, which adhered to hydroxyapatine-tricalcium phosphate (HA-TCP), were implanted into the nude mice subcutaneously and the animal models were constructed to analyze the effect of miR-26a-5p on the osteogenic differentiation of PPDLSCs in vivo. PPDLSCs were divided into A, B, C, D groups, and transfected with miR-26a-5p+Wnt5a-Wt, miR-NC+Wnt5a-Wt, miR-26a-5p+Wnt5a-Mut and miR-NC+Wnt5a-Mut in each of the above mentioned 5 groups, respectively. The luciferase activity assay was used to detect the relative luciferase in A, B, C and D groups to analyze the targeting relationship between miR-26a-5p and Wnt5a. Osteogenic differentiation related proteins expression were analyzed by western blotting. Results: hPDLSC and PPDLSC were observed consistent with the characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells and had osteogenic differentiation ability in vitro. Compared with hPDLSC [(89.87±8.12)%], the osteogenic capacity of PPDLSC [(31.46±6.56)%] was significantly lower (P<0.05). The ALP activity (1.88±0.59), calcified nodules (79.88±5.92), the expression of the osteogenic differentiation markers Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) (2.40±0.70), ALP (2.10±0.60) and osteocalcin (3.00±0.90) mRNA in the PPDLSC from Group Ⅲ were significantly higher in comparison with the control group [(0.88±0.34), (29.69±2.65), (1.30±0.30), (0.09±0.25), (1.71±0.50)], while those from Group Ⅴ[(0.44±0.07), (14.83±3.05), (0.50±0.11), (0.30±0.08) and (0.80±0.17)] were significantly lower (P<0.05). In vivo studies in nude mice showed that the proportion of the osteogenic region [(34.96±5.65)%] in the miR-26a-5p group was significantly increased in comparison with the control group [(23.28±3.03)%], while in the antimiR-26a-5p group [(8.02±2.27)%] was significantly lower (P<0.05). The luciferase activity of the Group A (0.46±0.06) was significantly lower than Group B (3.46±0.45) (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Wnt5a protein, calmodulin kinase Ⅱ and protein kinase C proteins in the Group Ⅲ were significantly decreased, while those in the GroupⅤ were significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: MicroRNA-26a-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation of PPDLSC in vivo and in vitro, and its mechanism might be inhibiting the activation of Wnt/Ca(2+) signaling pathway by targeting Wnt5a.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteogênese , Ligamento Periodontal , Proteína Wnt-5a , Adulto , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Células-Tronco , Proteína Wnt-5a/metabolismo
17.
Ann Oncol ; 30(11): 1813-1820, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the SPARTAN study, compared with placebo, apalutamide added to ongoing androgen deprivation therapy significantly prolonged metastasis-free survival (MFS) and time to symptomatic progression in patients with high-risk non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC). Overall survival (OS) results at the first interim analysis (IA1) were immature, with 104 of 427 (24%) events required for planned final OS analysis. Here, we report the results of a second pre-specified interim analysis (IA2). METHODS: One thousand two hundred and seven patients with nmCRPC were randomized 2 : 1 to apalutamide (240 mg daily) or placebo. The primary end point of the study was MFS. Subsequent therapy for metastatic CRPC was permitted. When the primary end point was met, the study was unblinded. Patients receiving placebo who had not yet developed metastases were offered open-label apalutamide. At IA2, pre-specified analysis of OS was undertaken, using a group-sequential testing procedure with O'Brien-Fleming-type alpha spending function. Safety and second progression-free survival (PFS2) were assessed. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 41 months. With 285 (67% of required) OS events, apalutamide was associated with an improved OS compared with placebo (HR 0.75; 95% CI 0.59-0.96; P = 0.0197), although the P-value did not cross the pre-specified O'Brien-Fleming boundary of 0.0121. Apalutamide improved PFS2 (HR 0.55; 95% CI 0.45-0.68). At IA2, 69% of placebo-treated and 40% of apalutamide-treated patients had received subsequent life-prolonging therapy for metastatic CRPC. No new safety signals were observed. CONCLUSION: In patients with nmCRPC, apalutamide was associated with a 25% reduction in risk of death compared with placebo. This OS benefit was observed despite crossover of placebo-treated patients and higher rates of subsequent life-prolonging therapy for the placebo group.

19.
Eur Cell Mater ; 38: 79-93, 2019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478555

RESUMO

Biological effects of pulsed electrical stimulation (PES) on cells and tissues have been intensively studied with the aim of advancing their biomedical applications. These effects vary significantly depending on PES parameters, cell and tissue types, which can be attributed to the diverse variety of signaling pathways, ion channels, and epigenetic mechanisms involved. The development of new technology platforms, such as nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) with finely tuned parameters, have added further complexity. The present review systematically examines current research progress in various aspects of PES, from physical models to biological effects on cells and tissues, including voltage-sensing domains of voltage-gated channels, pore formation, intracellular components/organelles, and signaling pathways. Emphasis is placed on the complexity of PES parameters and inconsistency of induced biological effects, with the aim of exploring the underlying physical and cellular mechanisms of the physiological effects of electrical stimulation on cells. With chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells and cartilage regeneration as examples, the underlying mechanisms involved were reviewed and analyzed, hoping to move forward towards potential biomedical applications. Hopefully, the present review will inspire more interest in the wider clinical applications of PES and lay the basis for further comprehensive studies in this field.

20.
Osteoporos Int ; 30(11): 2271-2282, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401661

RESUMO

The parameters extracted from quantitative computed tomography (QCT) images were used to predict vertebral strength through machine learning models, and the highly accurate prediction indicated that it may be a promising approach to assess fracture risk in clinics. INTRODUCTION: Vertebral fracture is common in elderly populations. The main factor contributing to vertebral fracture is the reduced vertebral strength. This study aimed to predict vertebral strength based on clinical QCT images by using machine learning. METHODS: Eighty subjects with QCT data of lumbar spine were randomly selected from the MrOS cohorts. L1 vertebral strengths were computed by QCT-based finite element analysis. A total of 58 features of each L1 vertebral body were extracted from QCT images, including grayscale distribution, grayscale values of 39 partitioned regions, BMDQCT, structural rigidity, axial rigidity, and BMDQCTAmin. Feature selection and dimensionality reduction were used to simplify the 58 features. General regression neural network and support vector regression models were developed to predict vertebral strength. Performance of prediction models was quantified by the mean squared error, the coefficient of determination, the mean bias, and the SD of bias. RESULTS: The 58 parameters were simplified to five features (grayscale value of the 60% percentile, grayscale values of three specific partitioned regions, and BMDQCTAmin) and nine principal components (PCs). High accuracy was achieved by using the five features or the nine PCs to predict vertebral strength. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided an effective approach to predict vertebral strength and showed that it may have great potential in clinical applications for noninvasive assessment of vertebral fracture risk.

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