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1.
Chem Eng J ; 427: 131686, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400874

RESUMO

Fast and effective detection of epidemics is the key to preventing the spread of diseases. In this work, we constructed a dual-wavelength ratiometric electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor based on entropy-driven and bipedal DNA walker cycle amplification strategies for detection of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The entropy-driven cyclic amplification reaction was started by the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene to generate a bandage. The bandage could combine with two other single-stranded S1 and S2 to form a bipedal DNA walker to create the following cycle reaction. After the bipedal DNA walker completed the walking process, the hairpin structures at the top of the DNA tetrahedrons (TDNAs) were removed. Subsequently, the PEI-Ru@Ti3C2@AuNPs-S7 probes were used to combine with the excised hairpin part of TDNAs on the surface of Au-g-C3N4, and the signal change was realized employing electrochemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET). By combining entropy-driven and DNA walker cycle amplification strategy, the ratiometric ECL biosensor exhibited a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 7.8 aM for the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene. As a result, detecting the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene in human serum still possessed high recovery so that the dual-wavelength ratiometer biosensor could be used in early clinical diagnosis.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1210-1227, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782555

RESUMO

Age-related neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) have become a critical public health issue due to the significantly extended human lifespan, leading to considerable economic and social burdens. Traditional therapies for AD such as medicine and surgery remain ineffective, impractical, and expensive. Many studies have shown that a variety of bioactive substances released by physical exercise (called "exerkines") help to maintain and improve the normal functions of the brain in terms of cognition, emotion, and psychomotor coordination. Increasing evidence suggests that exerkines may exert beneficial effects in AD as well. This review summarizes the neuroprotective effects of exerkines in AD, focusing on the underlying molecular mechanism and the dynamic expression of exerkines after physical exercise. The findings described in this review will help direct research into novel targets for the treatment of AD and develop customized exercise therapy for individuals of different ages, genders, and health conditions.

3.
J Cell Biol ; 221(1)2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726688

RESUMO

The ESCRT protein CHMP2B and the RNA-binding protein TDP-43 are both associated with ALS and FTD. The pathogenicity of CHMP2B has mainly been considered a consequence of autophagy-endolysosomal dysfunction, whereas protein inclusions containing phosphorylated TDP-43 are a pathological hallmark of ALS and FTD. Intriguingly, TDP-43 pathology has not been associated with the FTD-causing CHMP2BIntron5 mutation. In this study, we identify CHMP2B as a modifier of TDP-43-mediated neurodegeneration in a Drosophila screen. Down-regulation of CHMP2B reduces TDP-43 phosphorylation and toxicity in flies and mammalian cells. Surprisingly, although CHMP2BIntron5 causes dramatic autophagy dysfunction, disturbance of autophagy does not alter TDP-43 phosphorylation levels. Instead, we find that inhibition of CK1, but not TTBK1/2 (all of which are kinases phosphorylating TDP-43), abolishes the modifying effect of CHMP2B on TDP-43 phosphorylation. Finally, we uncover that CHMP2B modulates CK1 protein levels by negatively regulating ubiquitination and the proteasome-mediated turnover of CK1. Together, our findings propose an autophagy-independent role and mechanism of CHMP2B in regulating CK1 abundance and TDP-43 phosphorylation.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126899, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418838

RESUMO

Copper (Cu), a hazardous heavy metal, can lead to toxic effects on host physiology. Recently, specific mitochondria-localized miRNAs (mitomiRs) were shown to modulate mitochondrial function, but the underlying mechanisms remain undefined. Here, we identified mitomiR-1285 as an important molecule regulating mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy in jejunal epithelial cells under Cu exposure. Mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy were the important mechanisms of Cu-induced pathological damage in jejunal epithelial cells, which were accompanied by significant increase of mitomiR-1285 in vivo and in vitro. Knockdown of mitomiR-1285 significantly attenuated Cu-induced mitochondrial respiratory dysfunction, ATP deficiency, mitochondrial membrane potential reduction, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species accumulation, and mitophagy. Subsequently, bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that IDH2 was a direct target of mitomiR-1285. RNA interference of IDH2 dramatically reversed the effect that mitomiR-1285 knockdown relieved mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy induced by Cu, and the opposite effect was shown by overexpression of IDH2. Therefore, our results suggested that mitomiR-1285 aggravated Cu-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy via suppressing IDH2 expression. These findings identified the important mechanistic connection between mitomiRs and mitochondrial metabolism under Cu exposure, providing a new insight into Cu toxicology.

5.
Talanta ; 236: 122868, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635250

RESUMO

Early diagnosis and timely management of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are the keys to preventing the spread of the epidemic and controlling new infection clues. Therefore, strengthening the surveillance of the epidemic and timely screening and confirming SARS-CoV-2 infection is the primary task. In this work, we first proposed the idea of activating CRISPR-Cas12a activity using double-stranded DNA amplified by a three-dimensional (3D) DNA walker. We applied it to the design of an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) biosensor to detect the SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene. We first activated the cleavage activity of CRISPR-Cas12a by amplifying the target DNA into a segment of double-stranded DNA through the amplification effect of a 3D DNA walker. At the same time, we designed an MXene based ECL material: PEI-Ru@Ti3C2@AuNPs, and constructed an ECL biosensor to detect the RdRp gene based on this ECL material as a framework. Activated CRISPR-Cas12a cleaves the single-stranded DNA on the surface of this sensor and causes the ferrocene modified at one end of the DNA to move away from the electrode surface, increasing the ECL signal. The extent of the change in electrochemiluminescence reflects the concentration of the gene to be measured. Using this system, we detected the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene with a detection limit of 12.8 aM. This strategy contributes to the rapid and convenient detection of SARS-CoV-2-associated nucleic acids and promotes the clinical application of ECL biosensors based on CRISPR-Cas12a and novel composite materials.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA/isolamento & purificação , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , DNA , Ouro , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , RNA Viral
6.
Chem Eng J ; 429: 132472, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539224

RESUMO

In this work, we constructed an exonuclease III cleavage reaction-based isothermal amplification of nucleic acids with CRISPR/Cas12a-mediated pH-induced regenerative Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor for ultrasensitive and specific detection of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids for SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis. The triple-stranded nucleic acid in this biosensor has an extreme dependence on pH, which makes our constructed biosensor reproducible. This is essential for effective large-scale screening of SARS-CoV-2 in areas where resources are currently relatively scarce. Using this pH-induced regenerative biosensor, we detected the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp gene with a detection limit of 43.70 aM. In addition, the detection system has good stability and reproducibility, and we expect that this method may provide a potential platform for the diagnosis of COVID-19.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 4): 151459, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742961

RESUMO

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and its constituents pose great threatens to public health. The spatial-temporal characteristics of some key chemical constituents, such as sulfate, nitrate, and especially toxic trace elements in China has remained unclear, limiting further studies on evaluating the associated public health. Here, we conduct a two-yearlong (2012 and 2015) air quality simulation by coupling localized emission inventory for primary air pollutants and trace elements with a modified CMAQ model in a domain of China and five urban agglomerations. Associated health burdens of PM2.5 and various toxic trace elements are assessed applying exposure assessment models. The model successfully reproduces air pollution situations. Significant spatial-temporal variations of PM2.5 and chemical constituents are observed, with higher concentrations mainly occurred in North China Plain (NCP), Fenwei Plain (FWP) and Sichuan-Chongqing Basin (SCB). All chemical constituents in PM2.5 show higher concentrations in winter except for sulfate. From 2012 to 2015, the annual averaged PM2.5 concentration and its constituents decreased by 3% -20% nationally and regionally. Smaller reductions of nitrate make PM2.5 pollution become nitrate-dominated, especially in winter. Approximately 0.28 million deaths related to PM2.5 in China are avoided, while the population affected by the cancer risks of Cr (VI) and arsenic has slightly increased from 2012 to 2015. Our findings could provide critical insights on the mitigation of air pollution, as well as benefit for epidemiological studies on air pollutants related health effects.

8.
J Virol Methods ; 299: 114345, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728272

RESUMO

The hepatoma cell lines stably expressing sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP), the receptor of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, serve as important infection models for studying viral biology and drug discovery. However, the efficiency of infection greatly varies. In this study, we studied the effects and potential mechanisms of Matrigel® hESC-qualified (M-hq), a biological basement membrane matrix commonly used in cell culture, on promotion HBV in vitro infection in HepG2-NTCP cells. For the first time, our findings demonstrate that M-hq could enhance the infection efficiency of cell culture-derived HBV with no impact on the cell viability, the HBV transcription and response to antiviral treatments. The infection enhancement is reproducible and is suggested to occur at HBV attachment step. Our study suggests that this novel system is applicable for studying HBV biology and new drugs.

9.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126116, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653622

RESUMO

A heterotrophic nitrification- aerobic denitrification (HNAD) bacterium, Acinetobacter junii ZHG-1, was isolated, meanwhile, the optimal conditions for the strain were evaluated, moreover, the influence mechanism of the C/N ratio on the HNAD process was investigated from the perspective of electron transport and energy level. The increasing of C/N ratio enhanced the reduced/oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH/NAD+) ratio, NADH concentration, electron transport system activity (ETSA), ATP content, as well as enzymes activities, consequently, the HNAD performance of the strain can be improved, however, when the C/N ratio was higher than 30, the activities of enzymes relating to the HNAD process and the ETSA had reached the maximum, which might limit the further improvement of the nitrogen removal with the increasing of C/N ratio. As the interaction between different biochemical reactions in HNAD process, more efforts should be devoted to the influent mechanism of different environmental factors on the HNAD process.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrificação , Acinetobacter , Aerobiose , Processos Heterotróficos , Nitritos , Nitrogênio
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127079, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488102

RESUMO

Sorption/desorption of two organic compounds (OCs), phenanthrene (PHE), and 1-nitronaphthalene (1-Nnap) on three polar and one nonpolar polypropylene (PP) microplastics (MPs) and earthworm bioaccumulation of MP associated PHE were systematically studied. Poly-butylene succinate (PBS) with the lowest glass transition temperature (Tg) showed the highest sorption toward PHE and 1-Nnap (Kd: 25,639 ± 276 and 1673 ± 28.8 L kg-1, respectively), while polylactic acid (PLA) with the highest Tg showed the least sorption (182 ± 5 and near 0), confirming that hydrophobic partition was the main driving force of sorption. However, polar interactions also contributed to the preferential sorption of 1-Nnap on polar poly-hydroxyalkanoates (PHA). Moreover, small particle size favored the sorption of MPs and simulated weathering enhanced sorption on MPs with medium/high Tg. As for desorption, slight hysteresis was observed in most cases with near-zero hysteresis index (HI), and PHE generally had higher HI than 1-Nnap. The simulated digestive solution could further promote the desorption of PHE. The PHE concentrations in earthworms with the presence of 5% PBS or PP MPs in soil were 1.50-2.35 or 1.59-1.75 times that of the control without MPs; and PBS MPs with the smallest particle size showed the greatest enhancement. The results of this study confirmed that polar MPs could strongly but reversibly sorb both polar and nonpolar OCs and hence promote the bioaccumulation of OCs to soil organisms.

11.
Chemosphere ; 288(Pt 1): 132425, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606904

RESUMO

Fe-Ce-based composite catalysts were prepared and used for As2O3 catalytic oxidation and adsorption. They were characterized by XRD, BET, H2-TPR, Raman, SEM and XPS. The results suggests Fe, La and Zr can be partially doped into CeO2 lattice to form solid solutions. Compared with pure Fe2O3, the composite catalysts have stronger low-temperature reducibility, especially La3+ doping is beneficial to the formation of more low-temperature active sites. Raman and XPS measurements disclose the presence of oxygen vacancy and surface adsorbed oxygen in composite catalysts and these are more prominent in FeCeLaO. Ce3+ ratio increases to 18.30% after reaction, which confirms part of Ce4+ can participate in As2O3 oxidation and be reduced to Ce3+. The oxidation and adsorption capacity for As2O3 were investigated at different temperatures and O2 concentrations. The results show FeCeLaO exhibits excellent activity at middle-low-temperatures of 200-400 °C, the oxidation efficiency of As2O3 can reach 100%, the total adsorbed arsenic at 400 °C reaches 583.7 µg/g, which is 1.8 times of pure Fe2O3 at 600 °C. As2O3 oxidation mechanism over FeCeLaO with/without O2 was proposed through the Mars-Maessen theory with the aid of surface-active oxygen. The abundant oxygen vacancy defects and active chemisorbed oxygen play important roles and guarantee an efficient As2O3 oxidation, which is also the essential reason why the composite catalysts can effectively oxidize and adsorb As2O3 at middle-low-temperature of 200-400 °C, while pure Fe2O3 can only be at high temperature of 600-700 °C.

12.
Curr Opin Oncol ; 34(1): 44-53, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636351

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we focus on the role of artificial intelligence in the management of lung cancer. We summarized commonly used algorithms, current applications and challenges of artificial intelligence in lung cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Feature engineering for tabular data and computer vision for image data are commonly used algorithms in lung cancer research. Furthermore, the use of artificial intelligence in lung cancer has extended to the entire clinical pathway including screening, diagnosis and treatment. Lung cancer screening mainly focuses on two aspects: identifying high-risk populations and the automatic detection of lung nodules. Artificial intelligence diagnosis of lung cancer covers imaging diagnosis, pathological diagnosis and genetic diagnosis. The artificial intelligence clinical decision-support system is the main application of artificial intelligence in lung cancer treatment. Currently, the challenges of artificial intelligence applications in lung cancer mainly focus on the interpretability of artificial intelligence models and limited annotated datasets; and recent advances in explainable machine learning, transfer learning and federated learning might solve these problems. SUMMARY: Artificial intelligence shows great potential in many aspects of the management of lung cancer, especially in screening and diagnosis. Future studies on interpretability and privacy are needed for further application of artificial intelligence in lung cancer.

13.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114087, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773780

RESUMO

Polymer materials have become one of the potential materials for remediation of heavy metal (HM) contamination in water and soil. However, the specific advantages of polymers are rarely studied. Water-soluble thiourea formaldehyde resin (WTF) is one of the effective polymer amendments. Through leaching experiments, WTF can stabilize 93.0% of Cd2+ and 99.7% of Cu2+. The results of HM morphology analysis show that after adding WTF, most of the HMs have been transformed into a relatively stable state. For example, in the process of remediation of 6 mg/kg Cd contaminated soil, the proportion of acid-soluble Cd decreased from 56.5% to 12.8%, and the residual state increased from 13.5% to 45.4%. Compared with the resin-free structure, the three-dimensional structure of the resin plays an important role, but the efficiency of precipitation with HMs is doubled. According to the simulation of the adsorption process by Materials Studio, the characterization of the scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive instrument and the results of the adsorption experiment, in the solution, the precipitate formed by WTF and Cd2+ has multilayer adsorption of HMs, and can further adsorb HM by -OH. Soil enzyme activity experiments proved that the risk of secondary pollution by adding WTF is rare, and even WTF can achieve the effect of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer. In the WTF remediation process, the biological toxicity reduction of HMs is result from, on the one hand, the complexation of functional group of WTF; on the other hand, the resin structure of WTF; in addition, multi-layer adsorption and adsorption of end groups in the precipitation formed by WTF and HM. This work provides a theoretical basis for the potential capabilities of water-soluble resins and is beneficial to the design and development of subsequent amendments.

14.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 401, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848680

RESUMO

Met tyrosine kinase, a receptor for a hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), plays a critical role in tumor growth, metastasis, and drug resistance. Mitochondria are highly dynamic and undergo fission and fusion to maintain a functional mitochondrial network. Dysregulated mitochondrial dynamics are responsible for the progression and metastasis of many cancers. Here, using structured illumination microscopy (SIM) and high spatial and temporal resolution live cell imaging, we identified mitochondrial trafficking of receptor tyrosine kinase Met. The contacts between activated Met kinase and mitochondria formed dramatically, and an intact HGF/Met axis was necessary for dysregulated mitochondrial fission and cancer cell movements. Mechanically, we found that Met directly phosphorylated outer mitochondrial membrane protein Fis1 at Tyr38 (Fis1 pY38). Fis1 pY38 promoted mitochondrial fission by recruiting the mitochondrial fission GTPase dynamin-related protein-1 (Drp1) to mitochondria. Fragmented mitochondria fueled actin filament remodeling and lamellipodia or invadopodia formation to facilitate cell metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. These findings reveal a novel and noncanonical pathway of Met receptor tyrosine kinase in the regulation of mitochondrial activities, which may provide a therapeutic target for metastatic HCC.

15.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851329

RESUMO

Tantalum disulfide (TaS2), an emerging group VB transition metal dichalcogenide, with unique layered structure, rich phase diagrams, metallic behavior, higher carrier concentration and mobility is emerging as a prototype for revealing basic physical phenomena and developing practical applications. However, its photonics properties and even engineering-related processes are still rare. Here, the top-down experiment demonstration, including synthesis, thickness optimization and nonlinear optical application, has been reported. In addition, the ultrafast (∼373 fs) erbium-doped fiber pulse with a small time-bandwidth product (∼0.34) and long-term stability (∼25 days) was realized using the nonlinear absorption properties of the high-quality 2H-TaS2 nanosheet. These results suggest an experimental route for further ultrafast photonics exploration based on metallic transition metal dichalcogenides.

16.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 754801, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859071

RESUMO

Background: Although great progress has been made in surgery and perioperative care, stroke is still a fatal complication of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Serum biomarkers may help assess brain damage and predict patient's prognosis. Methods: From March, 2019 to January, 2020, a total of 88 patients underwent surgical treatment at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery of Beijing Anzhen Hospital, China, and were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had suffered a stroke after the operation. Blood samples were collected at 8 time points within 3 days after surgery to determine the level of S100ß, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurofilament light chain protein (NFL). Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) were established to explore the biomarker predictive value in stroke. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to quantify the ROC curve. Results: The patient average age was 48.1 ± 11.0 years old and 70 (79.6%) patients were male. Fifteen (17.0%) patients suffered stroke after surgery. The NFL levels of patients in the stroke group at 12 and 24 h after surgery were significantly higher than those in the non-stroke group (all P < 0.001). However, the NSE and S100ß levels did not differ significantly at any time point between the two groups. The predictive value of NFL was the highest at 12 and 24 h after surgery, and the AUC was 0.834 (95% CI, 0.723-0.951, P < 0.001) and 0.748 (95% CI, 0.603-0.894, P = 0.004), respectively. Its sensitivity and specificity at 12 h were 86.7 and 71.6%, respectively. The NFL cutoff value for the diagnosis of stroke at 12 h after surgery was 16.042 ng/ml. Conclusions: This study suggests that NFL is an early and sensitive serum marker for predicting post-operative neurological prognosis of ATAAD patients. Further studies, including large-scale prospective clinical trials, are necessary to test whether the NFL can be used as a biomarker for clinical decision-making.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859282

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the in vivo neurofunctional changes and therapeutic effects of young blood plasma (YBP) in aged mice, as well as the molecular mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of YBP ex vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Aged C57/BL6 mice received systemic administrations of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or YBP twice a week, for 4 weeks. In vivo 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) under conscious state and cognitive behavioural tests were performed after 4-week treatment. In addition, an in vitro senescent model was established, and the expressions of key cognition-associated proteins and/or the alterations of key neuronal pathways were analysed in both brain tissues and cultured cells. RESULTS: Aged mice treated with YBP demonstrated higher glucose metabolism in the right hippocampus and bilateral somatosensory cortices, and lower glucose metabolism in the right bed nucleus of stria terminalis and left cerebellum. YBP treatment exerted beneficial effects on the spatial and long-term social recognition memory, and significantly increased the expressions of several cognition-related proteins and altered the key neuronal signalling pathways in the hippocampus and somatosensory cortex. Further in vitro studies suggested that YBP but not aged blood plasma significantly upregulated the expressions of several cognition-associated proteins. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the role of the hippocampus and somatosensory cortex in YBP-induced beneficial effects on recognition memory in aged mice. 18F-FDG PET imaging under conscious state provides a new avenue for exploring the mechanisms underlying YBP treatment against age-related cognitive decline.

18.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6683411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778467

RESUMO

Background: As the spectrum of ophthalmic diseases keeps changing, uveitis has gradually become one of the major blinding eye diseases in the world. In recent years, it has become a research hotspot to select effective components for uveitis treatment from natural drugs. Methods: We searched PubMed and EMBASE databases for studies written in English as well as Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), CQVIP, and Wan Fang database for studies written in Chinese (inception through 30 December 2020). Results: Eight kinds of natural product ingredients were included in this article. They were found to not only regulate the expression of cytokines, proliferation, and differentiation of T help cells but also inhibit the damage of cytokines and inflammatory cells to uvea, blood aqueous barrier, and blood retinal barrier. Conclusion: Natural product ingredients have their unique advantages in the treatment of uveitis. They have good anti-inflammatory effects without causing serious adverse reactions, which enables them to be promising choices for preventive and therapeutic strategy of uveitis.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(21)2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772090

RESUMO

Understanding the evolution of mechanical properties and microscopic pore structure of concrete after freeze-thaw cycles is essential to assess the durability and safety of concrete structures. In this work, the degradation law of mechanical properties and damage characteristic of micro-structure of concrete with two water-cement ratios (w/c = 0.45 and 0.55) is investigated under the condition of freezing-thawing cycles. The influence of loading strain rate on dynamic compressive strength is studied. The microscopic pore structure after frost damage is measured by low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) technique. Then, a damage model based on the porosity variation is established to quantitatively describe the degradation law of macroscopic mechanical properties. The test results show that the relative dynamic modulus of elasticity (RDME), dynamic compressive strength, flexural strength, and splitting tensile strength of concrete decrease with the increase of freeze-thaw cycles. Empirical relations of concrete dynamic increase factor (DIF) under the action of freeze-thaw cycles are proposed. Moreover, the experimental results of NMR indicate that the porosity as well as the proportion of meso-pores and macro-pores of concrete gradually increased with the increasing of freeze-thaw cycles. The research results can provide reference and experimental support for the anti-frost design theory and durability life prediction of hydraulic concrete structures in cold regions.

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