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1.
Anim Genet ; 53(1): 146-151, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658041

RESUMO

Inbred pigs are promising animal models for biomedical research and xenotransplantation. Established in 1980, the Banna minipig inbred (BMI) line originated from a sow and its own male offspring. It was selected from a small backcountry minority Lahu village, where records show that no other pig breed has ever been introduced. During the inbreeding process, we perfomed extreme inbreeding over 23 consecutive generations using full-sibling or parent-offspring mating. In order to investigate the inbreeding effects in BMI pigs across generations over the past 40 years, in this study we conducted a genome-wide SNP genotyping of the last 10 generations, representing generations 14-23. In total, we genotyped 57,746 SNPs, corresponding to an average decrease in heterozygosity rate of 0.0078 per generation. Furthermore, we were only able to identify 18,216 polymorphic loci with a MAF larger than 0.05, which is substantially lower than the values in previous reports on other pig breeds. In addition, we sequenced the genome of the first pig in the twenty-third generation (inbreeding coefficient 99.28%) to an average coverage of 12.4× to evaluate at the genome level the impact of advanced inbreeding. ROH analysis indicates that BMI pigs have longer ROHs than Wuzhishan and Duroc pigs. Those long ROH regions in BMI pigs are enriched for distinct functions compared with the highly polymorphic regions. Our study reveals a genome-wide allele diversity loss during the progress of inbreeding in BMI pigs and characterizes ROH and polymorphic regions as a result of inbreeding. Overall, our results indicate the successful establishment of the BMI line, which paves the way for further in-depth studies.


Assuntos
Endogamia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Porco Miniatura/genética , Animais , China , Suínos , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776313

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to clarify the differences in the diagnosis and treatment outcomes between radioactive iodine-induced sialadenitis (RAIS) and chronic obstructive parotitis (COP). The study cohort comprised 47 consecutive patients diagnosed with RAIS and 50 patients with COP. All patients were treated by interventional endoscopy. Clinical, sialography, and endoscopy characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Compared with the COP group, the RAIS group included more females (male:female ratio 1:8.4 vs 1:2.1; P = 0.011) and had a younger onset age (42 vs 50 years; P = 0.001) and shorter disease duration prior to hospital visit (5.4 vs 34.8 months; P < 0.001). In the RAIS group, sialography revealed obliteration of the main duct (20.4% vs 0%; P < 0.001), non-visualization of the main gland (23.7% vs 0%; P < 0.001), and incomplete contrast filling of the main gland (19.4% vs 6.4%; P = 0.008), which were scarcely observed in the COP group. Endoscopy revealed a higher percentage of duct atresia in RAIS compared to COP (20.4% vs 0%; P < 0.001). During follow-up, a higher percentage of RAIS patients had duct atresia and gland atrophy (49.5% vs 1.1%, P < 0.001). Compared with COP, RAIS more commonly involves younger females and has a shorter disease duration. Atresia of the main duct and atrophy of the gland parenchyma occur more often despite the use of interventional endoscopy.

4.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1000-1011, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674438

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effects of different types of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Method: In this meta-analysis, we searched for randomized controlled trials on the effect of SGLT2i on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Three databases, namely PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library, were searched. The search was organized on the concept of 3 conceptual groups: the first group contained terms used to describe SGLT2i, the second group contained terms related to blood pressure, and the third group contained terms used to describe randomized controlled trials. The search time was from the establishment of the database to December 2020. The inclusion and exclusion criteria were formulated in accordance with the requirements of the Cochrane systematic review. According to whether the heterogeneity of the study was significant or not, a random effect model or a fixed effect model were used to conduct the analysis on the impact of different types of SGLT2i on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and day and night blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. Further subgroup analysis was performed to define potential factors, which might lead to clinical heterogeneity. Results: Seven clinical trials were finally included. The result of the meta-analysis showed that compared with placebo group, SGLT2i could reduce the 24-hour dynamic systolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 4.36 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Reduction was 4.59, 3.74, 5.06, and 3.64 mmHg by canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, and ertugliflozin respectively; SGLT2i could reduce the 24-hour dynamic diastolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 2.20 mmHg, and the reduction was 2.30, 1.22, 2.00, and 2.69 mmHg by canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin and ertugliflozin respectively. SGLT2i could reduce the daytime systolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 5.25 mmHg, and reduction was 5.38, 4.87, 6.00, and 4.37 mmHg by canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin and ertugliflozin, respectively. Simultaneously, SGLT2i could reduce the diastolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 2.62 mmHg, and the reduction was 2.56, 2.47, and 2.80 mmHg by canagliflozin, empagliflozin and ertugliflozin, respectively. SGLT2i could reduce the nighttime systolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 3.62 mmHg, and the reduction was 2.09, 2.06, 3.92, and 2.45 mmHg by canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin and ertugliflozin, respectively. At the same time, SGLT2i could reduce the nighttime diastolic blood pressure of patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by 1.60 and 1.51 mmHg, the reduction was 1.53 and 2.58 mmHg by canagliflozin, empagliflozin and ertugliflozin, respectively. Conclusion: SGLT2i can reduce 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertensão , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Pressão Sanguínea , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico
6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(2): 396-401, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the three-dimensional radiographic characteristics of maxillary radi-cular cysts using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and spiral CT. METHODS: Clinical records, histopathological reports, and CBCT or non-enhanced spiral CT images of 67 consecutive patients with maxillary radicular cysts were retrospectively acquired, and radiographic features, including size, shape, expansion, internal structure and relationship with the surrounding tissues, were analyzed. The lesions were divided into three types according to the involved tooth number, as follows: type Ⅰ (single tooth), the epicenter of the cyst was located at the apex of a nonvital tooth, without involvement of the neighbo-ring tooth; type Ⅱ (adjacent tooth involvement), the cyst was located at the apex of a nonvital tooth with involvement of the mesial and/or distal tooth root; and type Ⅲ (multi-teeth), the cyst involved the apexes of ≥4 teeth. Besides, these cysts were classified as another three types on sagittal views, as follows: centripetal, the root apex was oriented centripetally to the center of the cyst; palatal, the cyst was located mainly at the palatal side of the apex; and labial/buccal, the cyst was located mainly at the labial/buccal side of the apex. RESULTS: Totally, 67 patients with maxillary radicular cysts were acquired, including 38 males and 29 females, and their ages ranged from 13 to 77 years. Among them, 46 lesions (68.7%) were located in the anterior maxilla and 65 (97.0%) were round or oval. Labial/buccal cortex expansion was present in 43 cases (64.2%) and palatal cortex expansion in 37 cases (55.2%). The nasal floor was invaded in 27 cases (40.3%), the maxillary sinus was invaginated in 26 cases (38.8%), and root resorption was present in 9 cases (13.4%). The average diameter of lesions was (20.89±8.11) mm mesio-distally and (16.70±5.88) mm bucco-palatally. In spite of the 4 residual cysts, the remaining 63 lesions included 14 type Ⅰ, 26 type Ⅱ and 23 type Ⅲ cysts according to the involved tooth number. Besides, the 63 lesions included 46 centripetal, 15 palatal and 2 buccal cysts on sagittal views. CONCLUSION: The maxillary radicular cysts were frequently well-circumscribed round or oval radiolucency, with significantly different sizes. According to the involved tooth number, it can be divided into single tooth, adjacent tooth involvement and multi-teeth types. On sagittal views, the root-cyst relationship was centripetal in most cases, while a minority of cysts expanded palatally or buccally.


Assuntos
Maxila , Cisto Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cisto Radicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Raiz Dentária , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(10): 1141-1145, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115202

RESUMO

In 2016, the median of 24-hour urinary sodium, sodium-to-potassium ratio, and sodium intake per capita of residents in Jiaodong area of Shandong Province were 161.7 (IQR:120.5, 218.9) mmol/d, 3.4 (IQR: 2.4, 5.0) and 9.5 (IQR:7.1, 12.8) g/d, all were lower than that of 2011[193.3(IQR:149.2,243.3)mmol/d, 4.5(IQR:3.3,5.9), 11.3(IQR:8.7, 14.2)g/d] (P<0.05); the median of 24-hour urinary potassium was 47.2 (IQR:34.4, 66.5) mmol/d, higher than that of 2011[42.9(IQR:33.6,56.0)] (P<0.05); the proportion of salt intake per capita per day exceeding 5 g (89.9%) was lower than that in 2011 (90.0%). The results of the generalized linear regression model showed that the 24-hour urinary sodium was positively correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure [ß values were 0.04 (95%CI: 0.00, 0.07), 0.03 (95%CI 0.01, 0.05), respectively], and the sodium-to-potassium ratio was positively correlated with diastolic blood pressure [ß(95%CI): 0.78 (0.09, 1.47)].


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Pressão Sanguínea , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Hipertensão/prevenção & controle
8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(7): 545-551, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810960

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of imatinib on growth impairment in children with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) in the chronic phase. Methods: From July 2018 to July 2019, questionnaires were distributed to CML children aged <18 years at the time of diagnosis who were receiving imatinib for at least 3 months or to their parents in China. The height-for-age standard deviation score (HtSDS) and the difference of standard deviation integral (△HtSDS) were used to explore the change in height with imatinib therapy. Results: The data of 238 respondents were included; 138 (58.0% ) respondents were men. The median age at the first diagnosis of CML was 11.0 years (range, 1.4-17.9 years) , and 93 (39.0% ) respondents were at the prepuberty stage. At the time of completing the questionnaires, the median age was 15.0 years (range, 2.0-34.0 years) . The median duration of imatinib therapy was 28 months (range, 3-213 months) . Among all the respondents, the mean HtSDS when completing the questionnaires (-0.063±1.361) was significantly lower than that at the time of starting imatinib treatment (0.391±1.244) (P<0.001) . Total 71.0% respondents showed growth impairment that was more common in those starting imatinib therapy at prepubertal age than in those starting at pubertal age. Multivariate analysis showed that younger at the start of imatinib therapy (P<0.001) and longer duration of imatinib therapy (P<0.001) were significantly associated with severe growth impairment on imatinib therapy. Conclusions: Imatinib induced growth impairment in children with CML-CP. Younger the age of initiation and longer the duration of imatinib therapy, more obvious the effect of imatinib on growth impairment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Eur J Neurol ; 27(12): 2430-2438, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischaemic and hemorrhagic strokes are dreaded complications of infective endocarditis (IE). The timing of valve surgery for IE patients with stroke remains uncertain. The aim was to study perioperative neurological complications in relation to surgical timing. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of patients diagnosed with acute IE from January 2010 to December 2016. Early surgery was defined as valve surgery within 14 days of IE diagnosis, and late surgery as after 14 days. Neurological complications that occurred within 14 days post-surgery were considered perioperative and classified as new ischaemic stroke or hemorrhagic stroke, expansion of an existing intracranial hemorrhage and new-onset seizures. Perioperative neurological complications were compared by surgical timing and other variables, including pre-surgical imaging. RESULTS: Overall, 183 patients underwent valve surgery: 92 had early surgery at a median of 8 days (interquartile range 6-11); 91 had late surgery at a median of 28 days (interquartile range 19-50). Twenty patients (10.9%) had 24 complications: 11 ischaemic, six intraparenchymal hemorrhages, three subarachnoid hemorrhages (SAHs) and four new-onset seizures. Rates of neurological complications were similar for early and late surgery groups (10.9% vs. 11%). Enterococcal IE was more common amongst patients with perioperative neurological complications (35% vs. 12.3%, P < 0.01). An acute infarct was present on pre-surgical magnetic resonance imaging of 134 patients (74%) and was not associated with perioperative neurological complications. Thirty-five patients (19.3%) had intracranial hemorrhage on pre-surgical imaging. SAH on pre-surgical imaging was associated with developing SAH perioperatively (66.7% vs. 13.5%, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Early valve surgery for patients with IE complicated by stroke was not associated with perioperative neurological complications.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Endocardite Bacteriana , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(3): 586-590, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inflammation grading of 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis based upon sialoendoscopic and sialographic appearances, and to evaluate the results of sialoendoscopic intervention. METHODS: The patients diagnosed with 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis and underwent sialoendoscopic exploration and intervention procedures in Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from Nov. 2012 to Oct. 2018 were included in this study. The appearances of sialogaphy and sialoendoscopy were analyzed and classified. The treatment options included irrigation with saline and dexamethasone and mechanical dilatation by sialoendoscope. The patients were followed up after treatment. RESULTS: Forty-two patients with 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis were included. There were 5 males and 37 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶7.4. Symptoms included recurrent swelling and pain in the parotid glands, and dry mouth. Sialography showed stenosis in the main duct,and in some cases nonvisua-lization of the branches. Sialoendoscopy showed narrowing of the main duct, and the branch duct atresia was seen. The appearances of sialogaphy and sialoendoscopy were analyzed and classified into 3 groups: (1) Mild inflammation: stenosis and ectasia occurred in the main duct, whereas the 0.9 mm sialoendoscope could pass through easily. (2) Moderate inflammation: one point of severe stricture could be seen in the main duct where 0.9 mm sialoendoscope could not be passed through. (3) Severe inflammation: two points or more of severe strictures or diffused strictures occurred in the main duct. Thirty-three patients with 65 affected glands were examined by both sialography and sialoendoscopy. Eight glands were classified as mild inflammation, 23 glands moderate inflammation, and 34 glands severe inflammation. The duration of follow-up ranged from 3-72 months. The clinical results were evaluated as good in 22 glands, fair in 22 glands, and poor in 19 glands, with an overall effective rate of 69.8% (44/63). CONCLUSION: The clinical, sialographic and sialoendoscopic appearances of 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis showed their characteristics. We proposed an inflammation grading standard for the 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis based on the appearances of sialography and sialoendoscopy. Sialoendoscopy can significantly alleviate the clinical symptoms, which is an effective therapy, and better for early lesions.


Assuntos
Lesões por Radiação , Sialadenite , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Masculino , Ductos Salivares , Sialadenite/etiologia , Sialografia
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086904

RESUMO

Objective:The Clinicopathological characteristics and the reason of misdiagnosis about nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma in head and neck(ENKTL) are analysised to raise awareness and reduce misdiagnosis. Method:One hundred and twenty patients with ENKTL, diagnosed pathologically in head and neck from May 2010 to April 2018, were analyzed retrospectively. All cases were divided into misdiagnosed group and non-misdiagnosed group according to whether there were misdiagnosis and mistreatment before diagnosis. The differences of clinicopathological characteristics between the two groups before and after diagnosis were compared. The differences of overall survival(OS) between the two groups after treatment were also compared. Result:The misdiagnosis rate of this study was 71.7%, and they were misdiagnosed as sinusitis, nasal polyps, upper respiratory tract infection and so on. On the whole, the 1-year OS, 3-year OS and 5-year OS were 77.8%, 65.9% and 49.3% respectively. There was no significant difference in sex, age, first symptom, initial site, B symptom, superficial lymph node enlargement and weight loss between two groups before diagnosis(P>0.05), however, there were significant differences in relative specific signs, hospital grade and time from first visit to definite diagnosis(P<0.05). The proportion of the high-level hospitals in the first visit hospital was significantly lower than that in the non-misdiagnosed group, while the time from the first visit to the final diagnosis was significantly longer than that in the non-misdiagnosed group. There was no significant difference in international prognostic index(IPI) score, expression of Ki-67, therapeutic schedule, chemotherapy regimen for patients receiving chemotherapy, and radiation dose for patients receiving radiotherapy after diagnosis between the two groups(P>0.05), but there was a significant difference in the clinical stages of Ann Arbor between the two groups(P<0.05). The clinical staging of the misdiagnosed group was later than that of the non-misdiagnosed group. The 1-year OS, 3-year OS and 5-year OS were 73.6%, 59.3% and 43.2% in the misdiagnosed group respectively, and 88.2%, 82.4% and 64.2% in the non-misdiagnosed group respectively. The overall survival rate in the misdiagnosis group was lower than that in the non-misdiagnosed group, and the overall survival time was lower than that in the non-misdiagnosed group. However, there was no significant difference in the overall survival rates between the early stage(Ⅰ and Ⅱ) and the advanced stage(Ⅲ and Ⅳ) of Ann Arbor(P>0.05). Conclusion:The non-specific clinical and the complexity of pathological features of ENKTL in head and neck might cause misdiagnosis, which leads to prolonged time from first visit to definite diagnosis, thus results in disease progression, and ultimately may lead to decreased overall survival rate. To avoid the misdiagnosis and early diagnosis is very important.


Assuntos
Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasais/diagnóstico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(2): 110-115, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937049

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effect of nutritional and psychological intervention combined with pulmonary rehabilitation exercise on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: A total of 260 patients with COPD admitted to the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from October 2014 to October 2017 were included. They were divided into mild, moderate, severe and extremely severe groups according to forced expiratory volume in one second predicted (FEV(1)%prep) of pulmonary function. The patients were divided into control group and comprehensive management group according to the random number table method. The control group was given routine treatment including smoking quitting persuasion, vaccination, oxygen therapy and standardized medication. The comprehensive management group was given additional nutritional support, psychological intervention and pulmonary rehabilitation exercise. The data of the lung function indexes (FEV(1)%prep, FEV(1)/FVC, PaO(2), PaCO(2)), nutritional indexes [body mass index (BMI), albumin (ALB), nutrition risk screening (NRS)2002], anxiety and depression scores, 6-minute walking distance (6MWD), modified medical research council (mMRC) dyspnea scale, COPD assessment test (CAT), St. George's score, and frequency of acute exacerbations were compared between two groups after 12 months of treatment. Results: After 12 months' treatment, PaO(2) in the comprehensive management group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(51.1±7.2) vs (47.0±9.1) mmHg] (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa); Nutritional risk (NRS2002) decreased obviously [(1.1±1.1) vs (2.2±1.0)]; anxiety score [(4.1±2.2) vs (5.6±2.7)]; depression score [(4.1±2.0) vs (5.5±2.6)] and St. George's score [(36.8±20.8) vs (48.6±19.5)] decreased significantly (P<0.05). And the 6MWD was significantly farther [(368.4±72.0) vs (343.4±75.0) m] in management group. The frequency of acute exacerbations was significantly reduced in the mild, moderate and severe groups (P<0.05). But there was no significant difference in FEV(1)%prep, FEV(1)/FVC, PaCO(2), BMI, ALB, mMRC score and CAT score. Conclusion: Nutritional and psychological intervention combined with pulmonary rehabilitation exercise can reduce the nutritional risk and the frequency of acute exacerbations in patients with COPD, relieve anxiety and depression state and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Terapia por Exercício , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia
14.
J Microbiol Methods ; 158: 93-98, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742840

RESUMO

Bacterial fruit blotch (BFB) of cucurbits, caused by Acidovorax citrulli, is a major threat to commercial watermelon and melon production worldwide. At present, there are at least two genetically distinct sub-populations (group I and II) of A. citrulli that differ in host preference among cucurbit species and copper sensitivity. In this study, we analyzed the pilA gene sequences of 103 A. citrulli strains from China and other countries. Based on these data, we classified all tested A. citrulli strains into three types. The pilA-based type 1 strains in this study coincided with the previously established group I strains; while the type 2 strains coincided with group II strains. Ten strains that did not cluster with group I or II strains were classified into a new type, designated type 3. Based on differences in pilA sequences, we designed a multiplex PCR assay to distinguish the three A. citrulli pilus types. This multiplex PCR assay has proven to be viable for strain typing of 139 A. citrulli strains and for the detection of this pathogen in artificially inoculated seeds and leaves and naturally infected leaves and fruits. This assay proved to be rapid, accurate, reliable and applicable for early distinction of A. citrulli types associated with BFB epidemics. It may also inform the judicious and environmentally sound use of bactericides, especially copper-based compounds.


Assuntos
Comamonadaceae/genética , Proteínas de Fímbrias/classificação , Proteínas de Fímbrias/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Frutas/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
15.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(2): 113-117, 2019 Feb 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30695885

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of imatinib in the treatment of newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia during chronic phase (CML-CP) in children and to analyze the difference of the efficacy and safety between imported original imatinib (Gleevec) and domestic generic imatinib (Xinwei). Methods: Clinical data of 35 children with newly diagnosed CML-CP in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2014 to January 2018 were collected, among which 15 cases were treated with the imported original imatinib (original drug group) and 20 cases were treated with the domestic generic imatinib (generic drug group). The hematological, cytogenetic and molecular reactions and safety of the treatments were monitored at months 3, 6 and 12. Chi square test or rank sum test was used for the comparison between two groups. Results: A total of 35 cases were treated for over 3 months, 31 cases were treated for over 6 months and 25 cases were treated for over 12 months. At 3 months, main cytogenetic response was obtained in 15 (100%) cases in the original drug group and 16 (80%) cases in the generic drug group respectively (χ(2)=3.387, P=0.119). At 6 months, complete cytogenetic response was obtained in 12 (80%) cases in the original drug group and 10 (63%) cases in the generic drug group (χ(2)=1.435, P=0.390). At 12 months, BCR-ABL(IS) ≤ 0.1% was obtained in 11 (92%) cases in the original drug group and 10 (77%) cases in the generic drug group (χ(2)=1.009, P=0.593). There was no significant difference at all stages (all P>0.05). Hematologic toxicity occurred in 7(20%) cases. The non-hematologic adverse reactions include nausea in 8 (23%) cases, pain in 8 (23%) cases, edema in 6 (17%) cases, emesis in 2 (6%) cases, fever in 2 (6%) cases, weakness in 1 (3%) case, rash in 1 (3%) case. The adverse reactions were easy to control and no drug toxicity related deaths occurred. There was no significant difference in the adverse reactions between original drug group and generic drug group (P>0.05). Conclusions: Imatinib had a good efficacy and safety in the early treatment of newly diagnosed CML-CP in children. The efficacy and safety of generic imatinib is similar to that of imported imatinib.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Criança , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 34(10): 731-735, 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30369144

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the difference between the nursing needs of burn patients and nurses' cognition in order to adjust the nursing service behavior and improve the nursing quality. Methods: The convenience sampling method was adopted to select 400 burn inpatients admitted to the Department of Burns of the 180th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army from January to September 2017, and 38 nurses from the same department were selected by cluster sampling method. On the day of or the day before hospital discharge after instruction to discharging patients, the self-designed questionnaire was adopted to investigate the nursing needs of patients during hospitalization. The cognitive differences between patients and nurses in the overall level and specific dimensions of nursing needs were compared, and items of the nursing needs of patients which were higher than the cognition of nurses with statistically significant differences were recorded. The five most important nursing needs items considered by both patients and nurses were recorded and compared. Data were processed with independent sample t test. Results: The effective recovery rates of questionnaire for patients and nurses were 94.8% (379/400) and 100.0% (38/38), respectively. The total score of patients' nursing needs was (3.9±0.4) points, which was similar to (4.1±0.5) points of nurses' cognition of patients' nursing needs (t=1.611, P>0.05). The scores of patients' physiological needs and self-esteem needs dimensions were (4.0±0.6) and (3.9±0.6) points, respectively, significantly lower than (4.2±0.4) and (4.3±0.5) points of nurses (t=-2.476, -4.160, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The scores of patients' safety needs, love and belonging needs, and self-realization needs dimensions were similar to those of nurses (t=0.228, 1.356, -1.010, P>0.05). The scores of the patients in nursing needs items of the introduction of patients in the same room, medical staff accompanying them during the examination, leisure and recreational activities, the theoretical and technical proficiency of nurses, the guidance of anti-scar exercise, and the propaganda of drug knowledge were respectively (4.2±0.9), (3.3±1.2), (4.2±0.9), (4.5±0.7), (4.2±0.9), and (4.0±1.0) points, significantly higher than (3.5±0.9), (2.7±1.0), (3.5±1.3), (4.1±0.8), (3.8±1.0), and (3.6±0.9) points of the nurses (t=4.147, 3.515, 3.374, 3.282, 2.546, 2.265, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The five most important items for patients and nurses were pain nursing, the theoretical and technical proficiency of nurses, treating patients equally, instruction to discharging patients, timely visiting wards and privacy protection, pain nursing, introduction of medical staff, introduction of safety issues, getting the daily expenses listing, respectively. Only pain nursing was the same between patients and nurses. Conclusions: There are some differences between burn patients and nurses in the dimensions and items of nursing needs and the most important items of nursing needs. Nursing staff should focus on improving the nursing service items with insufficient cognition, adjusting the service supply, meeting the reasonable needs of patients, and improving the nursing satisfaction of patients.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/enfermagem , Cognição/fisiologia , Pacientes Internados , Adulto , Hospitalização , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(10): 762-766, 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347564

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the tear film function of diabetic patients using the Keratograph 5M and to analyze its related factors. Methods: Case-control study. A total of 89 inpatients (174 eyes) diagnosed with diabetes in the Department of Endocrinology at our hospital were recruited. According to the fundus fluorescein angiography results, subjects were divided into two groups, diabetic retinopathy (DR) group and none-DR group. All subjects were examined for duration of diabetes, glycosylated hemoglobin, creatinine, 24-hour urinary protein, and 24-hour urinary microalbumin/urinary creatinine, and by electromyography. The Keratograph 5M was used to obtain the first and average tear film break-up time (BUTf and BUTav), tear meniscus height, the upper and lower meibomian gland loss scores. The data were analyzed by SPSS. Results: Compared to the non-DR group, the BUTf and the BUTav in the DR group were shorter [(8.42±4.71) s vs. (10.24±5.32) s, (11.20±5.25) s vs. (12.67±5.52) s; P=0.000]. There was no significant difference in the tear meniscus height between the three groups (P=0.067). The tear meniscus height were negatively related with glycosylated hemoglobin, and not related with duration of diabetes, 24-hour urinary microalbumin/urinary creatinine, creatinine, 24-h urinary protein, and electromyography results. As the duration of diabetic longer, the upper and lower meibomian gland loss scores added(Z=19.514, 15.342, P<0.05). Patients with EMG abnormal, the lower meibomian gland loss scores added(Z=-2.312, P<0.05). Conclusions: The Keratograph 5M can directly evaluate the tear film condition of diabetic patients.Diabetic patients with retinopathy and higher glycosylated hemoglobin tend to suffer tear film dysfunction. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54:762-766).


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Humanos , Glândulas Tarsais , Lágrimas
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