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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(20): 6245-6259, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Total knee and hip arthroplasty are one of the most commonly consistently successful surgeries in orthopedics worldwide. Literature has reported that depending upon the age and co-existing treatments, patients undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty are often prone to increased risks of developing venous thromboembolic complications. In such cases, chemoprophylaxis with either direct oral anticoagulant therapy with factor-Xa inhibitors (i.e., rivaroxaban, apixaban, dabigatran) and aspirin are widely recommended. Recent surveys suggest that direct oral anticoagulants and aspirin have comparable efficacy. However, there is no consensus in the literature as to which drug is the safest. Therefore, in this review, we shall attempt to evaluate the comparative efficacy between direct oral anticoagulant drugs and aspirin in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty. To compare risk of venous thromboembolism complications between use of direct oral anticoagulant drugs and aspirin in patients undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sensitive and specific analysis of the literature was performed according to the Cochrane and written according to PRISMA guidelines (Supplementary Table I). Five electronic databases (Web of Science, Embase, CENTRAL, Scopus, and Medline) were evaluated. To compare the efficacy between the drugs we conducted a random-effect meta-analysis according to the outcome (bleeding complications, venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism) and overall mortality in patients undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty. RESULTS: Overall, 993 studies were found of which 117 had their full texts evaluated. A total of 161,463 patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty with mean age equal 66.2 ± 5.0 years were identified in 14 studies. Higher risks of venous thromboembolism (OR: 1.56 95% CI 1.21-2.01), pulmonary embolism (OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.31 -2.04) and overall mortality (OR: 1.35, 95% CI 1.04-1.74) for patients receiving aspirin were verified as compared to direct oral anticoagulant drugs. Subsequently, we further observed that the risks of bleeding complications (OR: 0.89 95% CI 0.67-1.18) were insignificant. CONCLUSIONS: The study reports higher risks of venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, and overall mortality for the patients receiving aspirin before undergoing.

2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 1124-1127, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814519

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the capacity building needs on social organizations providing HIV prevention and treatment services for female sex workers (FSW). Methods: Questionnaires and interview were conducted with the heads of social organizations participating in China AIDS Fund for Non-Governmental Organizations (CAFNGO) project 2017-2018. Data from the CAFNGO's information system were compiled and analyzed using Excel 2016 and SPSS 25.0 software. The distribution of social organizations, availability of funds, and social organizations' needs for capacity building were analyzed. Results: Nationwide, 184 social organizations were involved in project '2017-2018 CAFNGO's FSW field work'. Out of which, 156 answers were valid. Social organizations that participated in the implementation of fund projects were mainly concentrated in the western region, accounting for 44.0% (81/184), with Sichuan, Guangxi, and Yunnan being the majority. However, the eastern part received the most financial support. Social organizations expressed the highest demand for project data collection and analysis, accounting for 68.6% (107/156). Items on risk analysis, response, and quality control project ranked the second, accounting for 64.1% (100/156). Results showed that statistically significant differences were seen on capacity building needs among social organization leaders with different levels of training on management of planning and finance of the project (χ2=5.78,P=0.016;χ2=8.99,P=0.003). Conclusions: Currently, the number of social organizations and the related fund provision concerning HIV prevention and control among FSWs were not consistent in China. Thus, it is necessary to encourage, guide, and support the development of social organizations and satisfy social organizations' needs on capacity-building and planning.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(15): 152702, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678013

RESUMO

Fluorine is one of the most interesting elements in nuclear astrophysics, where the ^{19}F(p,α)^{16}O reaction is of crucial importance for Galactic ^{19}F abundances and CNO cycle loss in first generation Population III stars. As a day-one campaign at the Jinping Underground Nuclear Astrophysics experimental facility, we report direct measurements of the essential ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction channel. The γ-ray yields were measured over E_{c.m.}=72.4-344 keV, covering the Gamow window; our energy of 72.4 keV is unprecedentedly low, reported here for the first time. The experiment was performed under the extremely low cosmic-ray-induced background environment of the China JinPing Underground Laboratory, one of the deepest underground laboratories in the world. The present low-energy S factors deviate significantly from previous theoretical predictions, and the uncertainties are significantly reduced. The thermonuclear ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction rate has been determined directly at the relevant astrophysical energies.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 3012-3017, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638193

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of gut microbiota and the serum level of folicacid on psychiatric symptoms in first-episode, drug-free schizophrenic (SCZ) patients. Methods: A total of 100 first-episode, drug-free SCZ patients (SCZ group) from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and 90 demographically matched healthy individuals (healthy control group) were enrolled. The serum level of folic acid was measured by the electrochemical luminescence method.Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to assess the psychiatric symptoms and Matrics Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) was used to evaluate cognitive function. Bacterial DNA was extracted from the fecal samples for high-through put sequencing of the 16S rRNA.The effects of gut microbiota and folic acid on the psychiatric symptoms and cognitive function in SCZ patients were explored. Results: A total of 41 males and 59 females, with an age of (22.6±8.2) years were included in the patient group, and 32 males and 58 females with an age of (23.0±3.0) years were included in the healthy control group. The fasting folic acid level inserum of the SCZ group was lower than that of healthy control group [6.92(4.98, 8.49) µg/L vs 8.93(7.13, 13.37) µg/L,P<0.001]. The relative abundance of genus Bifidobacterium[0.005(0.003, 0.013) vs 0.014(0.004, 0.031)] and genus Bacteroides[0.015(0.001, 0.091) vs 0.083(0.029, 0.193)]was lower in the SCZ group than that of the healthy control group (both P<0.001). In comparison with the healthy control group, scores of cognitive function in the seven domains were significantly lower in the SCZ group (all P<0.05). In the patient group, the serum level of folic acid was negatively related to the negative symptom score(r=-0.378, P<0.001), but had a positive correlation with the score of speed of processing (r=0.310, P=0.011).In the SCZ group, the relative abundance of the genus Bifidobacterium was positively correlated with the serum level of folic acid (r=0.374,P<0.001) and the score of speed of processing(r=0.330,P=0.003) respectively, but was negatively correlated with the general psychopathology score (r=-0.326, P=0.001). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the interaction term between folic acid and genus Bifidobacteriumin in SCZ patients were correlated with the general psychopathology score, with a regression coefficient of -29.240 (F=8.655, P=0.007). There was no statistical correlation between the aforementioned interaction term and cognitive function (both P>0.05). Conclusion: In first-episode, drug-free SCZ patients, there were decreases in the serum folic acid level and the relative abundance of genus Bifidobacterium, which were related to the psychiatric symptoms, suggesting that these two substances can be used as potential objective indicators for evaluating psychiatric symptoms.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Esquizofrenia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cognição , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Adulto Jovem
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(19): 6093-6100, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) is a commonly used procedure for treating hydrocephalus of various causes. Delayed intracerebral hemorrhage (DICH) is regarded as a very rare complication after VPS procedure, with mechanisms still indeterminate. We report two cases of this condition whereby we discuss the characteristics and potential explanations for it in a short review of literature. CASE REPORT: Two female patients, aged 49, 76 respectively, were admitted to our hospital for hydrocephalus in the year 2021 as ordinary participants among many other patients with the same diagnosis. Unforeseeably, what made them special was DICH situations occurred after regular VPS procedures. Luckily both of them responded well to subsequent conservative treatment with no deterioration and were discharged promisingly in the end. Surprisingly, both of the valve mechanisms in these two functioned properly so far even after the ominous DICH events. Quality of life also improved a lot for them, thus we could consider the VPS surgery successful as well as the later management of the unwanted hematomas, in other words, a full recovery from DICH. CONCLUSIONS: Only few cases or series of DICH were reported in the past decades and the mechanisms of it still lack a verdict. We intend to attribute physical vascular injury due to a closer contact between cerebral blood vessels and the VPS catheter for DICH in the younger patient, while degenerative changes of brain tissue might be the protagonist in the elder one. More discreetness should be expected in perioperative management of VPS patients, with still a long way to go to fully understand the mechanisms of DICH and prevent the complication in highest measure.

7.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 654-659, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547871

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze hemogram and bone marrow characteristics of pediatric patients infected with parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19) after hematopoietic reconstitution following allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods: The clinical course of nine patients with HPV-B19 infection, including hemogram and bone marrow smear analysis during infection, were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Despite the hematological heterogeneity, all patients exhibited reduced hemoglobin levels accompanied by reticulocytes. The proportion and absolute count of reticulocytes decreased by 90.4% (24.7% -98.7% ) and 90.7% (18.6% -99.0% ) , respectively, in one week. Additionally, five patients manifested a decline in neutrophil granulocyte count in peripheral blood whereas granulocytic hypoplasia was not observed in bone marrow. Furthermore, six patients exhibited megakaryocytic hypoplasia in bone marrow, including five patients with decreased platelet counts in peripheral blood. Importantly, only some patients exhibited erythroid hypoplasia although all patients exhibited a decline in hemoglobin in peripheral blood. Erythroid hypoplasia in bone marrow was present in five patients. Conclusion: There was heterogeneity in hemogram and bone marrow smear characteristics among pediatric patients infected with HPV-B19 following allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Anemia accompanied by decreased reticulocyte count should prompt screening for HPV-B19 in these patients.


Assuntos
Eritema Infeccioso , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus B19 Humano , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(14): 4714-4728, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We explored the effects of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) in Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and its possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with Neonatal NEC and normal healthy volunteers were collected for this study. Neonatal mice were administered with LPS and then exposed to hypoxia as a mice model of NEC. THP-1 cells were stimulated with LPS as an in vitro model of NEC. RESULTS: We have demonstrated F. nucleatum abundance correlated with patients with Neonatal NEC or mice with Neonatal NEC. Furthermore, F. nucleatum stimulated colitis and increased inflammation in mice and in vitro models. LncRNA ENO1-IT1 was an important target for F. nucleatum in NEC-inflammation. MiR-22-3p was a target gene of F. nucleatum in NEC via LncRNA ENO1-IT1. Next, IRF5 was a target gene of miR-22-3p in the function of F. nucleatum in NEC via LncRNA ENO1-IT1. Silencing IRF5 or over-expressing miR-22-3p relieved the role of lncRNA ENO1-IT1 on inflammation in NEC via CD206 and CD86 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results demonstrate that F. nucleatum is mechanically, biologically and clinically connected to NEC. LncRNA ENO1-IT1 may be important targets for F. nucleatum in NEC-inflammation, and a meaningful in treating patients with Neonatal NEC with elevated F. nucleatum.

9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(6): 565-570, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225432

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the correlation between indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG-R15) and modified Scheuer score in liver tissues of patients with hepatitis B e antigen-positive/negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and further explore the indocyanine green clearance test (ICGCT) applied value in judging the progress of CHB-related liver disease. Methods: 407 HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB inpatients with normal or slightly elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) [< 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)] and modified Scheuer score were collected, and divided into mild liver disease group (M group, 131 cases, modified Scheuer score < G2S2) and progressive liver disease group (A group, 276 cases, modified Scheuer score≥G2 and / or S2). Furthermore, the groups were sub-divided into HBeAg (+) - M group, HBeAg (-) - M group, HBeAg (+) - A group and HBeAg (-) - A group. The correlation between ICG-R15 and modified Scheuer score was analyzed retrospectively. The data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 software. Results: Basic clinical characteristics: Among the 407 CHB cases with normal or mildly elevated serum ALT, 171 were HBeAg(+) CHB and 236 were HBeAg(-) CHB. The baseline mean serum HBV DNA was higher in HBeAg(+) CHB patients [(6.06 ± 1.95) log10IU/ml] than HBeAg(-) CHB patients [(3.60±1.37)log10IU/ml (P = 0.000)]. Included patients ICG-R15 detection characteristics: (1) The baseline mean value of ICG-R15 was not statistically significant between the two groups of HBeAg(+) CHB and HBeAg(-) CHB, and was basically within the normal range (< 10%); (2) Comparison of ICG-R15 baseline mean value among the subgroups showed that the patients in the HBeAg(+)-A group/HBeAg(-)-A group were higher than the HBeAg(+)-M group/HBeAg(-)-M group patients, and the difference was statistically significant (P = 0.013/P = 0.000). Included patients' correlation analysis between ICG-R15 and modified Scheuer score: (1) ICG-R15 and modified Scheuer score had shown weak positive correlation with inflammatory activity grade (g) in HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB (r = 0.237, P = 0.002); r = 0.244, P = 0.000); (2) There was a weak positive correlation between ICG-R15 and fibrosis stage (s) in HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB (r = 0. 254, P = 0; r = 0.225, P = 0.001). Included patients ICG-R15 predictive value for the severity of liver histological progression: when the cut-off value of ICG-R15 was 5.1%, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve from M group to A group was 0.601 (P = 0.001) for predicting HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB patients. Conclusion: ICG-R15 is positively correlated with the modified Scheuer score of liver tissue in HBeAg (+)/HBeAg (-) CHB patients with normal or slightly elevated ALT. In addition, when the cut-off value of ICG-R15 was 10%, it could not accurately reflect the effective hepatocyte reserve function of HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB patients with normal or slightly elevated ALT. Importantly, when the cut-off value of ICG-R15 is 4.0% ~ 5.0%, it may have predictive value for liver disease progression to modified Scheuer score ≥ G2 and / or ≥S2 in HBeAg (+) / HBeAg (-) CHB patients with normal or slightly elevated ALT.


Assuntos
Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica , Alanina Transaminase , DNA Viral , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(27): 2140-2146, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275249

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of serum mitochondrial ATP synthase C subunit level in the evaluation of cardiac functional status and prognosis in patients with sepsis. Methods: A total of 165 sepsis patients admitted to the Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 were included, there were 103 males (62.4%) and 62 females (37.6%) with an age of (63±14) years. Human ATP synthase lipid binding protein (ATP5G1) ELISA kit was used to detect the level of serum ATP synthase C subunit within 24 h after admission to EICU, and compared with that in 45 healthy subjects. Clinical data of patients were collected and divided into groups according to different left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and clinical outcomes. The differences in clinical indicators among each group were compared to evaluate the value of serum ATP synthase C subunit level in the evaluation of cardiac functional state and prognosis of patients with sepsis, and the independent risk factors for cardiac functional state and prognosis of patients with sepsis were analyzed. Results: Compared with the control group, the level of serum ATP synthase C subunit in the sepsis group was higher ((116±62) µg/L vs (77±34) µg/L, P<0.001). Compared with normal cardiac function group, the level of serum ATP synthase C subunit in septic cardiac dysfunction group was higher (P<0.001). Compared with the survival group, the level of serum ATP synthase C subunit in the death group was higher (P<0.05). The receiver operating curve (ROC) was drawn to analyze the value of ATP synthase C subunit, creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I (cTnI), left atrial end diastolic diameter, left ventricular end systolic diameter, left ventricular end diastolic volume, left ventricular end systolic volume in evaluating the cardiac function in patients with sepsis, and the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.928, 0.661, 0.837, 0.814, 0.703, 0.831, 0.794 and 0.765, respectively. The cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity of ATP synthase C subunit in it was 139.44 ng/L, 100% and 75.2%, respectively. ROC was drawn to analyze the prognostic value of age, urea nitrogen (BUN), ATP synthase C subunit, APACHEⅡ score and SAPSⅡ score in patients with sepsis, and the AUC was 0.719, 0.772, 0.656, 0.868 and 0.884, respectively. The cut-off value, sensitivity and specificity of ATP synthase C subunit in it was 131.24 ng/L, 61.9% and 68.7%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that age, BUN, ATP synthase C subunit, cardiac dysfunction, APACHEⅡ score and SAPS Ⅱ score were independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with sepsis. Conclusion: The level of serum ATP synthase C subunit is closely related to cardiac dysfunction in patients with sepsis, and can effectively predict the prognosis of patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Sepse , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(13): 4459-4469, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite generally favorable outcomes following knee arthroscopy, a certain subset of patients inevitably develops progression of knee disease, necessitating subsequent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the evaluation of TKA outcomes following arthroscopy has emerged as a major area of research. The aim of the current review is to measure the impact of prior arthroscopy on functional and adverse outcomes following TKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search was conducted in the databases including Medline, EMBASE, PubMed Central, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and Cochrane library from inception until April 2021. Meta-analysis with random-effects model was conducted to calculate pooled odds ratio (OR) or standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) depending on the type of outcome. RESULTS: In total, 9 studies with 185,013 participants were included in the review. The majority of the studies were conducted in the USA and China. Almost all the studies had low quality as per Newcastle Ottawa (NO) scale. The pooled SMD for functional outcome was -0.19 [95%CI: -0.30 to -0.09], while the pooled OR for revision rate was 1.53 (95% CI: 1.21 to 1.92). In terms of postoperative complications, the pooled OR for stiffness was 1.55 (95% CI: 0.92-2.61), infection was 1.39 (95%CI: 1.17-1.67), aseptic loosening was 1.93 (95% CI: 1.19-3.11), VTE was 1.06 (95% CI: 0.83-1.35), and MUA was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.13-1.57) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Prior arthroscopy has significant impact on the functional and adverse clinical outcomes following TKA. Surgeons need to develop a comprehensive intervention plan to manage these high-risk patients and reduce the rate of postoperative complications.

12.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(8): 757-759, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304453

RESUMO

To analyze the prognostic factors of extramedullary relapse (EMR) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).The clinical data of 33 relapsed patients in 95 ALL patients receiving allo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively. The median time of relapse was 5.7 (0.7-52.3) months. Extramedullary relapse was recorded in 10 cases (10.5%), bone marrow relapse in 15 cases (15.8%), and both extramedullary and marrow relapse were seen in 8 cases (8.4%). The median time of EMR was 7.4(0.7-52.3) months. The most commonly involved organ was central nervous system, followed by testis and bone. The 3-year OS rate in EMR patients was (33.3±11.1) %. Univariate analysis showed that disease state before transplantation (P=0.026), extramedullary infiltration before transplantation (P=0.005), conditioning regimens (P=0.033) and acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD) (P=0.013) were significantly correlated with EMR. Multivariate analysis suggested that extramedullary infiltration (RR=5.067, 95%CI1.542-16.645, P=0.007) and aGVHD(RR=3.585, 95%CI1.245-10.320, P=0.018) were independent predictive factors of EMR in ALL patients after allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Poult Sci ; 100(7): 101163, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082177

RESUMO

This experiment was conducted to assess the comparative effects of dietary antibiotics and oregano essential oil (OEO) addition on growth performance, antioxidant status and intestinal health of broilers. A total of 384 one-day-old broilers were randomly allocated to 4 treatments with 6 replicates of 16 broilers each. The 4 treatments were: an antibiotic-free control diet (control), control + 20 mg/kg colistin sulfate and 20 mg/kg virginiamycin (antibiotics), control + 200 mg/kg natural oregano essential oil (NOEO), and control + 200 mg/kg synthetic oregano essential oil (SOEO). The experiment lasted for 42 d. Results showed that birds fed with OEO had greater (P < 0.05) average daily gain (ADG) and lower (P < 0.05) feed conversion ratio (FCR) than those fed with control diet during d 1 to 21. Besides, birds fed with NOEO had the greatest (P < 0.05) ADG in the four groups during d 22 to 42. The serum oxidative stress parameters showed that OEO improved (P < 0.05) the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR) of birds on day 21 and the activity of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) of birds on d 42. Relative to control, NOEO increased (P < 0.05) the activity of T-AOC in jejunum and decreased (P < 0.05) the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum and jejunum. Moreover, OEO supplementation increased (P < 0.05) the concentrations of sIgA in duodenum and jejunum, Lactobacillus and total anaerobes in cecum, as well as activities of trypsin, chymotrypsin, lipase and amylase in duodenum, but restrained (P < 0.05) the amount of Escherichia coli. The NOEO supplementation increased (P < 0.05) total anaerobes of broilers on d 42 and the villus height to crypt depth ratio (VH/CD) of ileum. These results suggest that OEO improved antioxidant status and intestinal health of broilers which contributed to the growth performance improvement of broilers. Dietary OEO supplementation can be a promising alternative to antibiotic growth promoters for improving poultry production.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Origanum , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Antibacterianos , Antioxidantes , Galinhas , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(5): 462-467, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107585

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of baicalein in improving non-alcoholic fatty liver disease caused by high fat-induced oxidative damage in mice. Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice weighing 18-20 g were randomly divided into 4 groups: normal control group (C, 10% fat for energy), high-fat group (H, 60% fat for energy), high-fat + scutellaria baicalein group (H+B, baicalein: 400 mg·kg(-1)·bw(-1)), and baicalein control group (B, baicalein: 400 mg·kg(-1)·bw(-1)). After 12 weeks, mice were sacrificed, and the tissue samples were collected. Liver pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Mitochondrial morphology was examined by ultramicropathology. Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changing levels in the liver were determined by kit. Sestrin2 and protein carbonylation (PCOS) levels were detected by Western blotting. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to knock-down the Sestrin2 protein expression in HepG2 cells. Intramyocellular lipid changes in HepG2 cells was detected by fluorescent dye BODIPY493/503. One way ANOVA was used LSD pairwise comparison method was used to test the statistical difference. Results: Compared with the normal control group, high-fat fed caused significant fatty degeneration, decreased GSH and SOD levels (P ​​< 0.05), increased MDA and protein carbonylation levels, and increased Sestrin2 expression (P < 0.05) in mice. Mitochondrial shape changes, swelling, lack of cristae, and MMP was down-regulated by 33.3% (t = 13.456, P ​​< 0.001). Baicalein intervention had effectively inhibited hepatic steatosis and oxidative damage caused by high-fat fed, and further up-regulated Sestrin2 expression, MMP (t = 10.104, P ​​< 0.001), and significantly alleviated liver damage in mice. Sestrin2 expression knock-down had further increased the intracellular lipid deposition and PCOs expression (P ​​< 0.05), and reduced baicalein ability to antagonize lipid deposition and antioxidant capacity in Hep2 cells. Conclusion: Baicalein alleviate non-alcoholic fatty liver by regulating Sestrin2 expression and high-fat fed-induced liver oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Flavanonas , Hepatócitos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 502-506, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102735

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation factors of contralateral central lymph node metastasis in unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma with lateral cervical lymph node metastasis. Methods: The clinical data of patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma who underwent total thyroidectomy and bilateral central lymph node dissection and ipsilateral cervical lymph node dissection from June 2016 to June 2018 at Department of Thyroid Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 317 patients, including 87 males and 230 females, aged (41.4±12.1) years (range: 16 to 75 years), were enrolled in this study. The risk factors of contralateral central lymph node metastasis were analyzed by χ2 test and Spearman correlation analysis. Results: There were 116, 69, 269, and 181 cases of pretracheal lymph node, prelaryngeal lymph node, ipsilateral central lymph node and contralateral central lymph node metastasis, respectively, and 16 cases of skipping metastasis. Univariate analysis showed that contralateral central lymph node metastasis was associated with gender, maximum tumor diameter, capsule invasion, pretracheal lymph node metastasis, prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis, and ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that male (rs=0.162, P=0.004), maximum tumor diameter>10 mm (rs=0.184, P=0.001), capsule invasion (rs=0.135, P=0.016), pretracheal lymph node metastasis (rs=0.394, P<0.01), prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis (rs=0.272, P<0.01) and ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis (rs=0.203, P<0.01) were independent correlation factors for contralateral central lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: For patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma with ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis, bilateral central lymph node dissection should be considered if male, tumor diameter>10 mm, capsule invasion, pretracheal lymph node metastasis, prelaryngeal lymph node metastasis, or ipsilateral central lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Carcinoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Carcinoma/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Esvaziamento Cervical , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia
16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 653-659, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034407

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the dose-response relationship between serum polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon adducts and serum complement C3 and C4 levels among children from a city in East China. Methods: In September 2016, two boarding schools in the air pollution exposure area and the control area (beyond the upwind of 30 km in the air pollution exposure area) in a city in East China were selected as the research site, and the eligible school-age children were recruited as the research objects. A total of 273 children were included, including 163 in the exposure group and 110 in the control group. The annual air pollutant data (PM2.5, PM10 and NO2) of the two regions during the study period were collected. The exposure level of tobacco was evaluated by cotinine in urine. The levels of serum complement C3 and C4 were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum anti-7, 8, -dihydrodiol-9, 10-epoxide benzo[a]pyrene (BPDE)-albumin adduct levels were detected by ELISA. Linear regression model was used to explore the dose-response relationship between BPDE-albumin adducts and serum complement C3 and C4. Results: The age of 273 subjects was (13.67±0.37) years old, including 165 boys (60.4%). The average annual exposure levels of PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 and the level of serum BPDE-albumin adducts in the exposure group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The results of linear regression model analysis showed that after adjusting age, sex, BMI z-score and urinary cotinine level, when the serum BPDE-albumin adduct level increased by 10%, the serum complement C4 level decreased by 1.2% (P=0.017). After adjusting age, BMI z-score and urinary cotinine level, for every 10% increase in serum BPDE-albumin adduct level in boys, the serum complement C4 level decreased by 1.68% (P=0.024). After adjusting age, sex and BMI z-score, the levels of serum complement C3 and C4 decreased by 1.31% and 3.57% respectively for every 10% increase in serum BPDE-albumin adducts among children in the urinary cotinine detection group (P<0.05). Conclusion: There is a significant dose-response relationship between serum BPDE-albumin adducts and the complement C4 among children.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Adolescente , Benzo(a)pireno , China , Adutos de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Albumina Sérica/análise
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(20): 1513-1517, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044519

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the therapeutic effect of transperitoneal transmesenteric approach versus paracolic sulci approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy for treatment of left-sided primary hyperaldosteronism. Methods: From January 2017 to July 2019, the clinical data of 70 patients with left-sided primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA) who underwent surgery in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University and five other hospitals in Gansu Province were retrospectively analyzed. There are 43 male and 27 female patients. Among them,28 patients were performed transperitoneal transmesenteric approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy and 42 patients were performed transperitoneal paracolic sulci approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy. The general information and perioperative data of the two groups were compared. Results: All 70 cases of surgery were successfully completed. As compared with the paracolic sulci approach group, the operation time was significantly shorter in the transmesenteric approach group[(26.7±8.8)vs (38.9±7.1)min,P<0.001)], and the estimated blood loss was less in the transmesenteric approach group[45(30,50) vs 50(40,60)ml,P=0.042]. There was no statistically significant difference in the postoperative hospitalization days between the two groups[(4.4±1.0)vs(4.5±1.0)d, P=0.669)]. The electrolytes and aldosterone to renin ratio returned to a healthy level in the postoperative one month, and the blood pressure also returned to a healthy level in 53 (75.7%) patients. Conclusion: Transperitoneal transmesenteric approach laparoscopic adrenal tumorectomy is safe and feasible, with a short operation time and relatively less estimated blood loss.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Hiperaldosteronismo , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(5): 569-573, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034477

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognostic factors associated with unresectable (stage Ⅲa-Ⅳ, according to the 7th edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual) lung squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 350 patients with inoperable locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic lung squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Medical University from January 2005 to June 2018. The clinical pathological data, treatment and survival follow-up information of the patients were collected. Kaplan-Meier survival was used to compare the overall survival rate of different risk groups. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to determine the independent prognostic factors. Results: A total of 350 patients were enrolled. The median overall survival (OS) of these patients was 16.7 months. Univariate analysis showed the stage, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG), first-line chemotherapy evaluation (RECIST version 1.1), radiation therapy, number of systemic chemotherapy lines, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cancer antigen 125 (CA125), C reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), whether liver, brain, boneor metastasis were associated with the OS of patients with advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ECOG score (HR=1.855, 95% CI: 1.063-3.239, P=0.030), whether underwent lung resection (HR=0.476, 95%CI: 0.302-0.751, P=0.001), first-line chemotherapy evaluation [stable disease (SD): HR=0.293, 95%CI: 0.159-0.540, P<0.001; complete response (CR)+ partial response (PR): HR=0.223, 95%CI: 0.120-0.413, P<0.001], CRP (HR=1.715, 95% CI: 1.080-2.723, P=0.042), LDH (HR=1.116, 95%CI: 0.780-1.596, P=0.002) and CEA (HR=1.855, 95%CI: 1.361-2.528, P<0.001) before chemotherapy, liver metastasis (HR=2.453, 95%CI: 1.461-4.120, P=0.001) are independent prognostic factors for patients with unresectable lung squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusion: The ECOG score, surgical treatment history, first-line chemotherapy, LDH, CEA and CRP before chemotherapy, liver metastasis are independent prognostic factors for patients with advanced lung squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 343-347, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915623

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the correlation factors of acute appendicitis associated with appendiceal neoplasms. Methods: Consecutive 712 patients with acute appendicitis who treated at Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2002 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 314 females and 398 males, aging (42.5±16.2) years (range: 14 to 94 years). Among the 712 cases, 36 patients were diagnosed with acute appendicitis associated with appendiceal neoplasms, the other 676 patients had no appendiceal neoplasm. The patients' clinical baseline characteristics and clinical parameters were compared between the two groups. The correlation factors of acute appendicitis associated with appendiceal neoplasms were evaluated by using the univariate (χ2 test or t test) and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. The area under curve of receiver operating characteristic curves was utilized to evaluate the discriminatory power of the predictive models. Results: According to the univariate analysis, gender, age, body mass index, the duration of chronic right low abdominal pains≥3 months, the frequency of recurrently acute right lower abdominal pain≥2, the frequency of acute right lower abdominal pain, past history of diabetes, hypertension or coronary heart disease, the level of neutrophils and leukocytes preoperatively, stercolith and periappendiceal effusion, and modified Alvarado score were positively correlated with appendiceal neoplasms (all P<0.05). Then four variables were incorporated into the model eventually by multivariate Logistic regression analysis, which were as follows: age (increased per decade) (OR=2.23, 95%CI: 1.68 to 2.95, P<0.01), gender (female) (OR=4.21, 95%CI: 1.74 to 10.19, P=0.001), the duration of chronic right low abdominal pains (more than 3 months) (OR=2.53, 95%CI: 1.01 to 3.37, P=0.048), and modified Alvarado score (decreased per 1 score) (OR=2.54, 95%CI: 1.87 to 3.34, P<0.01). The area of curve was 0.93 (95%CI: 0.88 to 0.97), which indicated that the model exhibits an excellent ability to discriminate between appendiceal neoplasms and acute appendicitis. Conclusions: The older age, female, the duration of chronic right low abdominal pains, and lower modified Alvarado score are independent correlation factors for acute appendicitis associated with appendiceal neoplasms. Clinicians should be alert for the above clinical characteristics and choose optimal treatment for acute appendicitis associated with appendiceal neoplasms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice , Apendicite , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Apendicectomia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/complicações , Neoplasias do Apêndice/epidemiologia , Apendicite/complicações , Apendicite/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(7): 8301-8313, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33865587

RESUMO

Metabolism in most organisms can show variations between the day and night. These variations may also affect the composition of products derived from livestock. The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in composition between the day milk and night milk of dairy cows. Ten multiparous Holstein cows (milk yield = 25.2 ± 5.00 kg/d) were randomly selected during mid lactation. Milk samples were collected at 0500 h ("night milk") and 1500 h ("day milk") and analyzed to determine their composition. Mid-infrared spectroscopy was used to analyze macronutrient content of milk. Metabolomics and lipidomics were used to detect and analyze small molecules and fatty acids, respectively. An automatic biochemical analyzer and ELISA kits were used to determine biochemical indicators, as well as antioxidant and immune parameters in the milk. Though milk fat, protein, lactose, and total milk solids were not different between day milk and night milk, small molecules, metabolites and lipids, and hormones and cytokines differed between day milk and night milk. Regarding biochemical and immune-related indicators, the concentrations of malondialdehyde, HSP70, and HSP90 in night milk were lower than that in day milk. However, interferon-γ levels were higher in night milk. Additionally, night milk was naturally rich in melatonin. Lipidomics analyses showed that the levels of some lipids in night milk were higher than those in day milk. Metabolomics analyses identified 36 different metabolites between day milk and night milk. Higher concentrations of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine, cis-aconitate, and d-sorbitol were observed in day milk. However, the other 33 metabolites analyzed, including carbohydrates, lipids, AA, and aromatic compounds, showed lower concentrations in day milk than in night milk. The present findings show that the composition of night milk differs considerably from that of day milk. Notable changes in the circadian rhythm also altered milk composition. These results provide evidence to support the strategic use and classification of day milk and night milk.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano , Leite , Animais , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Ácidos Graxos , Feminino , Lactação , Lactose
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