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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 236: 116043, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172857

RESUMO

Collagen (COL) and bacterial cellulose (BC) were chemically recombined by Malaprade and Schiff-base reactions. A three-dimensional (3D) porous microsphere of COL/BC/Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) with multistage structure and components were prepared by the template method combined with reverse-phase suspension regeneration. The microspheres were full of pores and had a rough surface. The particle size ranged from 8 to 12 microns, the specific surface area (SBET) was 123.4 m2/g, the pore volume (VPore) was 0.59 cm3/g, and the average pore diameter (DBJH) was 198.5 nm. The adsorption isotherm of the microspheres on the N2 molecule belongs to that of mesoporous materials. The microspheres showed good biocompatibility, and the 3D porous microspheres with multiple structures and components effectively promoted the adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of mice MC3T3-E1 cells. The study can provide a theoretical basis for the application of COL/BC porous microspheres in the field of bone tissue engineering.

2.
Biochem Pharmacol ; : 113921, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201213

RESUMO

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway converges diverse environmental cues to support the lung cancer growth and survival. However, the mTOR-targeted mono-therapy does not achieve expected therapeutic effect. Here, we revealed that fangchinoline (FCL), an active alkaloid that purified from the traditional Chinese medicine Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, enhanced the anti-lung cancer effect of mTOR inhibitor everolimus (EVE). The combination of EVE and FCL was effective to activate Notch 3, and subsequently evoked its downstream target c-MYC. The blockage of Notch 3 signal by the molecular inhibitor of γ-secretase or siRNA of Notch 3 reduced the c-MYC expression and attenuated the combinational efficacy of EVE and FCL on cell apoptosis and proliferation. Moreover, the c-MYC could bind to the C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) promoter and facilitate CHOP transcription. The conditional genetic deletion of CHOP reduced the apoptosis on lung cancer cells to the same degree as blockage of Notch 3/c-MYC axis, providing further evidence for that the Notch 3/c-MYC axis regulates the transcription of CHOP and finally induces apoptosis upon co-treatment of FCL and EVE in lung cancer cells. Overall, our findings, to the best of our knowledge, firstly link CHOP to Notch 3/c-MYC axis-dependent apoptosis and provide the Notch 3/c-MYC/CHOP activation as a promising strategy for mTOR-targeted combination therapy in lung cancer treatment.

3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047261

RESUMO

Norditerpenoids and dinorditerpenoids represent diterpenoids widely distributed in the genus Podocarpus with notable chemical structures and biological activities. We previously reported that nagilactone E (NLE), a dinorditerpenoid isolated from Podocarpus nagi, possessed anticancer effects against lung cancer cells in vitro. In this study we investigated the in vivo effect of NLE against lung cancer as well as the underlying mechanisms. We administered NLE (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) to CB-17/SCID mice bearing human lung cancer cell line A549 xenograft for 3 weeks. We found that NLE administration significantly suppressed the tumor growth without obvious adverse effects. Thereafter, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis was performed to study the mechanisms of NLE. The effects of NLE on A549 cells have been illustrated by GO and pathway enrichment analyses. CMap dataset analysis supported NLE to be a potential protein synthesis inhibitor. The inhibitory effect of NLE on synthesis of total de novo protein was confirmed in Click-iT assay. Using the pcDNA3-RLUC-POLIRES-FLUC luciferase assay we further demonstrated that NLE inhibited both cap-dependent and cap-independent translation. Finally, molecular docking revealed the low-energy binding conformations of NLE and its potential target RIOK2. In conclusion, NLE is a protein synthesis inhibitor with anticancer activity.

4.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 95, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the effective antiretroviral treatment (ART) of HIV-infected individuals, HIV persists in a small pool. Central memory CD4+ T cells (Tcm) make a major contribution to HIV persistence. We found that unlike HLA-DR, CD38 is highly expressed on the Tcm of HIV-infected subjects receiving ART for > 5 years. It has been reported that the half-life of total and episomal HIV DNA in the CD4+CD38+ T cell subset, exhibits lower decay rates at 12 weeks of ART. Whether CD38 contributes to HIV latency in HIV-infected individuals receiving long-term ART is yet to be addressed. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from the whole blood of HIV-infected subjects receiving suppressive ART. The immunophenotyping, proliferation and apoptosis of CD4+ T cell subpopulations were detected by flow cytometry, and the level of CD38 mRNA and total HIV DNA were measured using real-time PCR and digital droplet PCR, respectively. A negative binomial regression model was used to determine the correlation between CD4+CD38+ Tcm and total HIV DNA in CD4+ T cells. RESULTS: CD38 was highly expressed on CD4+ Tcm cells from HIV infected individuals on long-term ART. Comparing with HLA-DR-Tcm and CD4+HLA-DR+ T cells, CD4+CD38+ Tcm cells displayed lower levels of activation (CD25 and CD69) and higher levels of CD127 expression. The proportion of CD38+ Tcm, but not CD38- Tcm cells can predict the total HIV DNA in the CD4+ T cells and the CD38+ Tcm subset harbored higher total HIV DNA copy numbers than the CD38- Tcm subset. After transfected with CD38 si-RNA in CD4+ T cells, the proliferation of CD4+ T cells was inhibited. CONCLUSION: The current date indicates that CD4+CD38+ Tcm cells contribute to HIV persistence in HIV-infected individuals on long-term ART. Our study provides a potential target to resolve HIV persistence.

5.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 389: 114882, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953203

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is a prototypic chronic progressive lung disease with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Novel effective therapeutic agents are urgently needed owing to the limited treatment options in clinic. Herein, nagilactone D (NLD), a natural dinorditerpenoid obtained from Podocarpus nagi, was found to suppress transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)-mediated fibrotic process in vitro and bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo. NLD attenuated TGF-ß1-induced expression of fibrotic markers including type I and III collagen, fibronectin, α-SMA, and CTGF in human pulmonary fibroblasts (WI-38 VA-13 and HLF-1 cells). Mechanism study indicated that NLD suppressed TGF-ß1-induced up-regulation of TßR I, and Smad2 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and transcriptional activation. Moreover, NLD ameliorated BLM-induced histopathological abnormalities in the lungs of experimental fibrotic mice, suppressed synthesis of relative fibrotic markers and fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition, as well as BLM-induced up-regulation of TßR I expression and Smad signaling in mouse lungs. These data collectively support NLD to be a potential therapeutic agent for pulmonary fibrosis.

6.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; : 1-11, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747333

RESUMO

Apple pomace was explored as alternative feedstock for producing bacterial cellulose (BC) by Gluconacetobacter xylinus following a cellulase saccharification performed after pretreatment of 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([AMIM]Cl). The dissolving process of apple pomace cellulose was observed by polarized light microscopy (PLM). As FT-IR and XRD results demonstrated, the IL pretreatment proved to be a physical process and no changes in the crystalline structure occurred during the pretreatment. However, the SEM result showed that more fissures and breakages appeared on the surface of pomace microfibers after IL-pretreating, which increased the contact area with cellulase and improved the enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency. An enhancing effect on the BC yield has been observed, 27% higher yield of BC obtained from hydrolysate as compared to sucrose-based medium indicates efficiency of IL-treated apple pomace to serve as high quality feedstock in BC production.

7.
Leuk Res ; 86: 106226, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541941

RESUMO

To summarize the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of Chinese patients with systemic light chain amyloidosis with liver involvement. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features and natural history data of 102 patients diagnosed with systemic light chain amyloidosis with liver involvement at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between March 2007 and May 2018. More than 95% of patients showed the involvement of other organs. Kidney and heart were the most frequently involved organs, accounting for 71.6% and 68.6% of cases, respectively. Hepatomegaly was the most frequently observed physical sign, accounting for 67.6% of cases. Elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were frequently observed, accounting for 85.3% and 88.2% of cases, respectively. A significantly better prognosis was observed in patients with normal total bilirubin levels, as compared with those with elevated levels of total bilirubin. Patients in the normal total bilirubin group showed a significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) (38 months) as compared the elevated total bilirubin group (4 months; P < 0.001). The median overall survival (OS) in the normal total bilirubin group was not reached compared with the elevated total bilirubin group (4 months, P < 0.001). Notably, the early death rate was significantly lower in the normal total bilirubin group as compared to the elevated total bilirubin group (14.5% vs 48.5%, P < 0.001). In conclusion, the elevation of total bilirubin indicated an early death and worse PFS and OS. Early diagnosis is therefore essential, and requires appropriate treatment and intensive care.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 140: 196-205, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430489

RESUMO

A porous microsphere with good biocompatibility was fabricated based on collagen (COL) and bacterial cellulose (BC). The adsorption and release behaviors of the COL/BC porous microspheres were studied using BSA as the model protein, and employing quasi-primary, quasi-secondary, and Kannan-Sundaram intragranular diffusion models, zero-order, first-order, Higuchi and Korsmeyer-Peppas models. The results showed that the COL/BC porous microspheres are beneficial to the proliferation of MC3T3 E1-cells. The linear Langmuir equation can accurately describe the adsorption equilibrium relationship of BSA to the COL/BC microspheres. The pseudo-second-order model can more accurately explain and predict the membrane diffusion kinetics of BSA than both pseudo-primary-order and Kannan-Sundaram intragranular diffusion models. The adsorption rate was affected by both membrane and intragranular diffusions. The drug release behavior indicated that the microsphere-loaded BSA was primarily adsorbed at the inner wall of the pore, and exhibited the characteristics of a scaffold-based matrix meanwhile. The drug release kinetics can be accurately described by the first-order release model. The present study elucidated the mechanism of drug adsorption and release of COL/BC porous microspheres and provided a theoretical basis for its application in controlled release technology.

9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(5): e193348, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050781

RESUMO

Importance: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. However, only 1 specific susceptibility locus for TPP has been identified. Additional genetic determinants should be detected so that a prediction model can be constructed. Objective: To investigate the genetic architecture of TPP and distinguish TPP from Graves disease cohorts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based case-control study used a 2-stage genome-wide association study to investigate the risk loci of TPP and weighted genetic risk score to construct a TPP prediction model with data from a Chinese Han population recruited in hospitals in China from March 2003 to December 2015. The analysis was conducted from November 2014 to August 2016. Main Outcomes and Measures: Loci specifically associated with TPP risk and those shared with Graves disease and prediction model of joint effects of TPP-specific loci. Results: A total of 537 patients with TPP (mean [SD] age, 35 [11] years; 458 male) 1519 patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (mean [SD] age, 38 [13] years; 366 male), and 3249 healthy participants (mean [SD] age, 46 [10] years; 1648 male) were recruited from the Han population by hospitals throughout China. Two new TPP-specific susceptibility loci were identified: DCHS2 on 4q31.3 (rs1352714: odds ratio [OR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.35-1.85; P = 1.24 × 10-8) and C11orf67 on 11q14.1 (rs2186564: OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.29-1.74; P = 2.80 × 10-7). One previously reported specific locus was confirmed on 17q24.3 near KCNJ2 (rs312729: OR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.83-2.38; P = 8.02 × 10-29). Meanwhile, 2 risk loci (MHC and Xq21.1) were shared by Graves disease and TPP. After 2 years of treatment, the ratio of persistent thyrotropin receptor antibody positivity was higher in patients with TPP than in patients with Graves disease and no history of TPP (OR, 3.82; 95% CI, 2.04-7.16; P = 7.05 × 10-6). The prediction model using a weighted genetic risk score and 11 candidate TPP-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms had an area under the curve of 0.80. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings provide evidence that TPP is a novel molecular subtype of Graves disease. The newly identified loci, along with other previously reported loci, demonstrate the growing complexity of the heritable contribution to TPP pathogenesis. A complete genetic architecture will be helpful to understand the pathophysiology of TPP, and a useful prediction model could prevent the onset of TPP.


Assuntos
Doença de Graves/genética , Crise Tireóidea/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisia/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
10.
Bioinformatics ; 35(20): 4129-4139, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887023

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: With the abundant medical resources, especially literature available online, it is possible for people to understand their own health status and relevant problems autonomously. However, how to obtain the most appropriate answer from the increasingly large-scale database, remains a great challenge. Here, we present a biomedical question answering framework and implement a system, Health Assistant, to enable the search process. METHODS: In Health Assistant, a search engine is firstly designed to rank biomedical documents based on contents. Then various query processing and search techniques are utilized to find the relevant documents. Afterwards, the titles and abstracts of top-N documents are extracted to generate candidate snippets. Finally, our own designed query processing and retrieval approaches for short text are applied to locate the relevant snippets to answer the questions. RESULTS: Our system is evaluated on the BioASQ benchmark datasets, and experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and robustness of our system, compared to BioASQ participant systems and some state-of-the-art methods on both document retrieval and snippet retrieval tasks. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: A demo of our system is available at https://github.com/jinzanxia/biomedical-QA.

11.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 19(6): 731-739, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30848214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pemetrexed (PMT) is a multitargeted antifolate agent that is used for treating patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). However, patients have presented clinical responses of drug resistance to PMT. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of PMT resistance in NSCLC cells. METHODS: PMT-resistant NCI-H460/PMT cells were established by treating with PMT in a concentrationescalation manner. MTT assay and colony formation were performed to detect cell proliferation. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of Ki-67. Transwell assay was performed to measure cell migration ability. qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of indicated genes. Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) were used to knockdown ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) and Thymidylate Synthase (TYMS). RESULTS: This study showed that compared with the parental cells, the NCI-H460/PMT cells displayed weakened proliferation and enhanced cell mobility. In addition, the NCI-H460/PMT cells demonstrated cellular senescence, which might result in PMT resistance. The NCI-H460/PMT cells exhibited cross-resistance to other chemotherapeutics, including fluorouracil, paclitaxel, doxorubicin, etoposide and gemcitabine, possibly because of the upregulated expression of ABCB1. However, the ABCB1 knockdown by siRNA failed to eradicate PMT resistance. Moreover, TYMS, a target of PMT, was obviously upregulated in the resistant cells. The genetic silence of TYMS partially abrogated PMT resistance, suggesting that the overexpression of TYMS was a key resistant mechanism of PMT. CONCLUSION: The overexpression of TYMS was an important resistance mechanism of PMT for KRAS-mutated NCI-H460 cells. Cross-resistance to other chemotherapeutics should be considered in addressing PMT resistance.

12.
J Biosci Bioeng ; 127(6): 698-702, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709705

RESUMO

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) plays an important role in the human respiratory chain and is widely used as medicine and dietary supplement. To improve the fermentation efficiency of CoQ10, a modified version of atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) treatment was used to mutate Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Meanwhile, Vitamin K3, a structural analog of CoQ10, was used as an inhibitor for mutant selection. In the first round of screening in 24-well plates, three mutants were obtained, with the production of CoQ10 at 311 mg/L, 307 mg/L, and 309 mg/L, which were increased from the parent's production at 265 mg/L. Furthermore, a second round of mutation and screening was performed based on the mutant strain with the highest production in the first round, leading to the identification of a mutant AR01 with the production of CoQ10 at ∼330 mg/L. Finally, 590 mg/L CoQ10 was obtained for AR01 after 100 h fermentation, which was ∼25.5% higher than that of the original parent strain. It is the first report of ARTP treatment usage for the selection of CoQ10 producing bacteria and the results show that plasma jet, driven by helium-based ARTP, can be a feasible strategy for mutation feeding.


Assuntos
Atmosfera , Mutagênese , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/efeitos dos fármacos , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/genética , Temperatura Ambiente , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Fermentação/efeitos dos fármacos , Mutação , Rhodobacter sphaeroides/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/biossíntese
13.
Phytomedicine ; 52: 32-39, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death around the world. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been documented to increase motility and invasiveness of cancer cells, which promotes cancer metastasis. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the inhibitory effects and mechanisms of the dinorditerpenoids and norditerpenoids isolated from the seeds of Podocarpus nagi against transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-induced EMT. METHODS: A series of dinorditerpenoids and norditerpenoids were isolated from the seeds of P. nagi. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR assays were performed to determine the expression levels of relative proteins and mRNA, along with immunofluorescence, Smad-binding element (SBE)-luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays for the mechanism study. Transwell assays were conducted to determine the effect of the compounds on cell migration and invasion. RESULTS: Nagilactone E (NLE) showed the superior inhibitory effect against TGF-ß1-induced EMT. NLE treatment dramatically inhibited TGF-ß1-induced expression of EMT markers in A549 cells. Mechanism study indicated that NLE markedly suppressed TGF-ß1-induced Smad2 and Smad3 activation and nuclear translocation. SBE-luciferase and ChIP assays showed that NLE inhibited the combining of Smad3 to SBE in the promoters of the cell signaling factors. NLE co-treatment attenuated TGF-ß1-induced up-regulation of the protein and mRNA levels of TGF-ß receptor TßRI. Furthermore, NLE inhibited TGF-ß1-stimulated cell migration and invasion, as well as up-regulation of the key signaling proteins related with migration and invasion. CONCLUSION: NLE inhibited TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathway, thereafter suppressed TGF-ß1-induced EMT, migration and invasion in NSCLC A549 cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Células A549 , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Gleiquênias/química , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Sementes/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Proteína Smad3/metabolismo
14.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 18(2): 117-124, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a novel ablative technique for hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers. This review summarizes the data regarding the safety and efficacy of IRE in the treatment of hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase for articles published in English from database inception through July 31, 2017. For inclusion, each clinical study had to report morbidity and survival data on hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers treated with IRE and contain at least 10 patients. Studies that met these criteria were included for analysis. Two authors assessed each clinical study for data extraction. The controversial parts were resolved through discussion with seniors. RESULTS: A total of 24 clinical studies were included. Fourteen focused on hepatic ablation with IRE comprising 437 patients with 666 lesions of different tumor types. Two patients (0.5%) died after the IRE procedure. Morbidity of hepatic ablation with IRE ranged from 7% to 35%. Most complications were mild. Complete response for hepatic tumors was reported as 57%-97%. Ten studies with 455 patients focused on pancreatic IRE. The overall mortality of IRE in pancreatic cancer was 2%. Overall severe morbidity of IRE in pancreatic cancer ranged from 0 to 20%. The median overall survival after IRE ranged from 7 to 23 months. Patients treated with IRE combined with surgical resection showed a longer overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: IRE significantly improves the prognosis of advanced hepatobiliary and pancreatic malignances, and companied with less complications. Hence, IRE is a relatively safe and effective non-thermal ablation strategy and potentially recommended as an option for therapy of patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic malignances.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Eletroporação/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Segurança do Paciente , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Curr Drug Targets ; 20(6): 668-678, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468124

RESUMO

Hypoxia, which occurs in most cancer cases, disrupts the efficacy of anticarcinogens. Fortunately, hypoxia itself is a potential target for cancer treatment. Hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAPs) can be selectively activated by reductase under hypoxia. Some promising HAPs have been already achieved, and many clinical trials of HAPs in different types of cancer are ongoing. However, none of them has been approved in clinic to date. From the studies on HAPs began, some achievements are obtained but more challenges are put forward. In this paper, we reviewed the research progress of HAPs to discuss the strategies for HAPs development. According to the research status and results of these studies, administration pattern, reductase activity, and patient selection need to be taken into consideration to further improve the efficacy of existing HAPs. As the requirement of new drug research and development, design of optimal preclinical models and clinical trials are quite important in HAPs development, while different drug delivery systems and anticancer drugs with different mechanisms can be sources of novel HAPs.

16.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 89(6): 840-848, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30176063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the six susceptibility loci of GD identified from European population in Chinese Han population and further to estimate the genetic heterogeneity of them in stratification of our GD patients. DESIGN: Dense mapping studies based on GWAS. PATIENTS: A total of 1536 GD patients and 1516 controls in GWAS stage and 1994 GD patients and 2085 controls and 5033 GD patients and 5389 controls in two replication stages. MEASUREMENTS: Based on our previous GWAS data, independently GD-associated SNPs in each region were identified by TagSNP analysis and logistic regression analysis. The association of these SNPs was investigated in 1994 GD patients and 2085 controls, and then, the significantly associated SNPs (P < 0.05) were further genotyped in a second cohort including 5033 GD patients and 5389 controls. RESULTS: After the first replication stage, four SNPs from three regions with Pfirst  < 0.05 were further selected and genotyped in another independent cohort. The association of two SNPs with GD was confirmed in combined Chinese cohorts: rs12575636 at 11q21 (Pcombined  = 7.55 × 10-11 , OR = 1.27) and rs1881145 in TRIB2 at 2p25.1 (Pcombined  = 5.59 × 10-8 , OR = 1.14). Further study disclosed no significant difference for these SNPs between GD subsets. However, eQTL data revealed that SESN3 could be a potential susceptibility gene of GD in 11q21 region. CONCLUSIONS: Out of the six susceptibility loci of GD identified from European population, two risk loci were confirmed in a large Chinese Han population. There is variability in GD genetic susceptibility in different ethnic groups. SESN3 is a potential susceptible gene of GD in 11q21.


Assuntos
Doença de Graves/epidemiologia , Doença de Graves/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto Jovem
17.
Apoptosis ; 23(9-10): 521-531, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30084053

RESUMO

The pseudokinase mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) is a core effector of necroptosis, and its function in necroptosis is widely studied. However, the function of MLKL in apoptosis remains unclear. In the present study, the role of MLKL in chelerythrine (CHE)-promoted apoptosis was studied. A special band of MLKL (i.e., *MLKL) was observed after treatment with CHE. MLKL and *MLKL were accumulated in the nucleus upon treatment with CHE and MLKL silencing reversed the CHE-induced apoptosis. Blockade of CHE-triggered reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation or inhibition of CHE-activated protein kinase-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 α subunit (eIF2α) pathway reversed the apoptosis. A decreased ROS level inhibited CHE-mediated nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL and the activation of eIF2α, whereas MLKL or eIF2α silencing did not affect the CHE-triggered ROS generation. Furthermore, MLKL silencing prevented the CHE-activated eIF2α signal, and eIF2α silencing blocked the CHE-induced nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL. Our studies suggested that CHE possibly induces apoptosis through the nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL, which is promoted by a mutual regulation between MLKL and PERK-eIF2α pathway in response to ROS formation. The present study clarified the new function of MLKL in apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Fator de Iniciação 2 em Eucariotos/genética , Necrose/genética , Proteínas Quinases/genética , eIF-2 Quinase/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Núcleo Celular/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Necrose/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Chin Med ; 13: 35, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997684

RESUMO

Cancer is still presenting a serious threat to human health worldwide. The understanding of the complex biology of cancer and the development of oncotherapy have led to increasing treatment approaches such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Chinese medicinal herbs have attracted considerable attention due to their potential anticancer effects. Some natural products or formulae from Chinese medicinal herbs with directly or indirectly anticancer effects have been reported. In this article, we summarized the current progression on development of anticancer drugs from Chinese medicinal herbs, toward providing ideas for further development and application of Chinese medicinal herbs in cancer therapy.

19.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 830: 17-25, 2018 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29680228

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most common forms and leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and discovery of new effective drugs still remains imperative to improve the survival rate. Nagilactone E (NLE) is a natural product isolated from Podocarpus nagi seeds, which has been used as raw materials for edible oil and industrial oil extraction. This study aimed to investigate the anticancer potential of NLE against NSCLC A549 and NCI-H1975 cells. MTT assay revealed that NLE inhibited the proliferation of A549 and NCI-H1975 cells with IC50s of 5.18 ±â€¯0.49 and 3.57 ±â€¯0.29 µM, respectively. NLE treatment inhibited clone formation in both cancer cell lines. Cell cycle analysis indicated that NLE treatment effectively induced G2 phase cell cycle arrest in A549 and NCI-H1975 cells. NLE downregulated the phosphorylation of cdc2 (Tyr15) and cdc25C (Ser216) as well as the expression level of the protein kinase Wee1 in concentration- and time-dependent manners. In addition, NLE treatment decreased the protein level of Cyclin B1 as well as its nuclear localization, which might decrease the activity of the Cyclin B1/cdc2 complex and induce G2 phase arrest. Long-term NLE treatment also induced caspase-dependent cell apoptosis, as evidenced by increase in Annexin V positive cells and the cleavage of PARP. To sum, NLE inhibited proliferation, induced G2 phase arrest, and triggered caspase-dependent apoptosis in NSCLC cells, suggesting it to be a potential leading compound for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina B1/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Humanos
20.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 178(6): 623-633, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29650690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the most common neonatal metabolic disorder, is characterized by impaired neurodevelopment. Although several candidate genes have been associated with CH, comprehensive screening of causative genes has been limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred ten patients with primary CH were recruited in this study. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of 21 candidate genes for CH were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. And the inheritance pattern of causative genes was analyzed by the study of family pedigrees. RESULTS: Our results showed that 57 patients (51.82%) carried biallelic mutations (containing compound heterozygous mutations and homozygous mutations) in six genes (DUOX2, DUOXA2, DUOXA1, TG, TPO and TSHR) involved in thyroid hormone synthesis. Autosomal recessive inheritance of CH caused by mutations in DUOX2, DUOXA2, TG and TPO was confirmed by analysis of 22 family pedigrees. Notably, eight mutations in four genes (FOXE1, NKX2-1, PAX8 and HHEX) that lead to thyroid dysgenesis were identified in eight probands. These mutations were heterozygous in all cases and hypothyroidism was not observed in parents of these probands. CONCLUSIONS: Most cases of congenital hypothyroidism in China were caused by thyroid dyshormonogenesis rather than thyroid dysgenesis. This study identified previously reported causative genes for 57/110 Chinese patients and revealed DUOX2 was the most frequently mutated gene in these patients. Our study expanded the mutation spectrum of CH in Chinese patients, which was significantly different from Western countries.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/genética , China , Oxidases Duais/genética , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Iodeto Peroxidase/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Linhagem , Receptores da Tireotropina/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tireoglobulina/genética , Disgenesia da Tireoide/genética , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
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