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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 673248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211467

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high risk of recurrence after surgical resection, particularly among patients with multifocal HCC. Genomic heterogeneity contributes to the early recurrence. Few studies focus on targeted next-generation sequencing (tNGS) to depict mutational footprints of heterogeneous multifocal HCC. Methods: We conducted tNGS with an ultra-deep depth on 31 spatially distinct regions from 11 resected multifocal HCC samples. Matched preoperative peripheral circulating-free DNA (cfDNA) were simultaneously collected. Genomic alterations were identified and compared to depict the heterogeneity of multifocal HCC. Results: Widespread intertumoral heterogeneity of driver mutations was observed in different subfoci of multifocal HCC. The identified somatic mutations were defined as truncal drivers or branchy drivers according to the phylogenetic reconstruction. TP53 and TERT were the most commonly altered truncal drivers in multifocal HCC, while the most frequently mutated branchy driver was TSC2. HCC patients with a higher level of intertumoral heterogeneity, defined by the ratio of truncal drivers less than 50%, had a shorter RFS after surgical resection (HR=0.17, p=0.028). Genome profiling of cfDNA could effectively capture tumor-derived driver mutations, suggesting cfDNA was a non-invasive strategy to gain insights of genomic alterations in patients with resected multifocal HCC. Conclusions: Truncal mutations and the level of genomic heterogeneity could be identified by tNGS panel in patients with resected multifocal HCC. cfDNA could serve as a non-invasive and real-time auxiliary method to decipher the intertumoral heterogeneity and identify oncodrivers of multifocal HCC.

2.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 9959077, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211683

RESUMO

We developed a prediction model for delirium in elderly patients in the intensive care unit who underwent orthopedic surgery and then temporally validated its predictive power in the same hospital. In the development stage, we designed a prospective cohort study, and 319 consecutive patients aged over 65 years from January 2018 to December 2019 were screened. Demographic characteristics and clinical variables were evaluated, and a final prediction model was developed using the multivariate logistic regression analysis. In the validation stage, 108 patients were included for temporal validation between January 2020 and June 2020. The effectiveness of the model was evaluated through discrimination and calibration. As a result, the prediction model contains seven risk factors (age, anesthesia method, score of mini-mental state examination, hypoxia, major hemorrhage, level of interleukin-6, and company of family members), which had an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.82 (95% confidence interval 0.76-0.88) and was stable after bootstrapping. The temporal validation resulted in an area under the curve of 0.80 (95% confidence interval 0.67-0.93). Our prediction model had excellent discrimination power in predicting postoperative delirium in elderly patients and could assist intensive care physicians with early prevention.

3.
Oncol Res ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215350

RESUMO

Identifying prognostic indicators of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and elucidating the mechanisms underlying ccRCC progression are crucial for improving ccRCC patient prognosis. This study investigated the clinical significance and biological role of Ring finger protein 43 ( RNF43) in ccRCC. Two independent cohorts of patients with ccRCC were employed to determine the prognostic significance of RNF43 by immunohistochemistry and statistical analyses. In vitro and in vivo experiments, RNA-seq, and other techniques were used to determine the biological role of RNF43 in ccRCC and related molecular mechanisms. RNF43 expression was commonly decreased in ccRCC specimens, and low expression of RNF43 indicated a higher TNM stage, SSIGN score, and WHO/ISUP grade and short survival in patients with ccRCC. Additionally, RNF43 overexpression suppressed the proliferation, migration, and targeted drug resistance of ccRCC cells, while the knockdown of RNF43 enhanced these characteristics of ccRCC. RNF43 knockdown activated YAP signaling by decreasing YAP phosphorylation by p-LATS1/2 and increasing the transcription and nuclear distribution of YAP. By contrast, RNF43 overexpression showed the opposite effects. Decreasing YAP abolished the effect of RNF43 knockdown in promoting the malignant features of ccRCC. Additionally, restoring RNF43 expression suppressed the resistance of the targeted drug pazopanib in in vivo orthotopic ccRCC. Furthermore, combining the expression of RNF43 andYAP with TNM stage or the SSIGN score exhibited greater accuracy than any of these indicators alone in assessing the postoperative prognosis of ccRCC patients. In summary, our study identified a novel tumor suppressor, RNF43, which is also a prognostic indicator and potential target for ccRCC potential target for ccRCC.

4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 1903-1918, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212594

RESUMO

Co-driven by environmental change and human activity, global ecosystem has been experiencing rapid changes, with cascading effects on resources and environment. The changes of ecosystem status and its spatiotemporal evolution drivers, and the related resource and environmental effects have been recognized as the long standing topics of large-scale terrestrial ecosystem science. The coordinated observation networks distributed across different continents and the globe provide the valuable tools for observing and evaluating ecosystem state change, for revealing and elaborating mechanisms underlying ecosystem response, for cognizing and understanding ecosystem evolution, and for predicting and early-warning of ecosystem change. Committing to serving the continental-scale ecosystem science and supporting regional ecological environmental governance, this review first comprehensively analyzed the current status of ecological environment observation research networks, then proposed their development directions. This review advocated to develop a collaborative observation system with characteristics of multi-element, multi-interface, multi-medium, multi-process, multi-scale and multi-method, and to establish the new generation of continental ecosystem observation-experiment research network composed of high technology integration, regional distribution network, network management intellectualization, long-term observation & experiment, multi-functional model simulations, and remote data integration and resource sharing. We elaborated on the function orientation, design philosophy, design scheme, construction objectives and technical system of the research network. We hoped provide references for the development of terrestrial ecosystem observation network in China.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , China , Clima , Política Ambiental , Humanos
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2158-2168, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212622

RESUMO

The research on spatial pattern and optimization of regional ecological carrying capacity is especially necessary to promote the overall development of economic transformation, upgrading and ecological protection and restoration. This study chose the natural, social and economic complex ecosystem of Jiangsu coastal area as subject. The concept model of pressure-state-potential (PSP) of ecological carrying capacity was established. A total of 15 indices were used to represent the interaction of three level states. With the support of GIS and other space technologies, the magnitude, spatial variation of regional ecological carrying capacity were examined through comprehensive evaluation of multiple indices and analysis of single index. Results showed that the spatial pattern of the suitability of single factor ecological carrying capacity in Jiangsu coastal area showed a variety of trends. There were significant differences in the area, proportion and layout of the same index across different cities and counties. The spatial differentiation of pressure and state superposition index showed that low pressure suitable bearing, low pressure generally suitable bearing, low pressure unsuitable bearing, high pressure suitable bearing, high pressure generally suitable bearing, bearing high pressure unsuitable bearing area was 3971.42, 6885.21, 3705.23, 4597.03, 6853.26, and 6403.97 km2, accounting for 12.3%, 21.2%, 11.4%, 14.2%, 21.1% and 19.8% of the total area, respectively. The results of spatial differentiation of superposition index of state and potential showed that the area integral of low potential suitable bearing, low potential general sui-table bearing, low potential unsuitable bearing, high potential suitable bearing, high potential general sui-table bearing and high potential unsuitable bearing was 3030.79, 6545.30, 5874.31, 3253.31, 7614.38, and 6097.83 km2, accounting for 9.4%, 20.2%, 18.1%, 10.0%, 23.5% and 18.8% of the total area, respectively. Most areas showed distribution characteristics of low pressure bearing area corresponding to high potential bearing area and high pressure bearing area corresponding to low potential bearing area in spatial pattern. There was an interaction of mutual influence, mutual promotion and collaborative promotion between pressure and state superposition index and state and potential superposition index.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , China , Cidades , Modelos Teóricos
6.
Curr Opin Biotechnol ; 70: 226-233, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217954

RESUMO

Potato production is negatively affected by root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). There are no commercially available potato cultivars that are resistant to root-knot nematodes. To reduce the reliance on chemical controls, genetic engineering for nematode resistance in potato shows promise. Genetically modified potatoes that silence a parasitism gene or that express toxic protease inhibitors display reduced nematode infections. Modifying potato immune responses may also offer new opportunities for nematode resistance in potato. Plant defense elicitors, including those secreted by modified bacteria, enhanced resistance against root-knot nematodes in potato. The use of transgenic bacteria as delivery vehicles of defense-related molecules presents several possibilities for sophisticated nematode management and because this does not involve transgenic plants, it may garner greater public acceptance.

7.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6539702, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258299

RESUMO

Serum CD4, CD8, and CD19 are markers of systemic inflammation. However, there is little evidence on the influence of inflammation on the tumor microenvironment and the prognostic indicators of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, two hundred and eight patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for GC were included. Preoperative peripheral blood samples were used to analyze Serum CD4, CD8, and CD19. The optimal cutoff levels for CD4, CD8, and CD19 were defined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis (CD4 = 38.85%, CD8 = 14.35%, and CD19 = 7.40%). The areas with specific CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, and CD19+B cells within the tumor microenvironment were measured in paraffin sections by immunohistochemistry and analyzed by Image-Pro Plus. 94 patients had low CD4, and 124 patients had high CD4 levels. 31 patients had low CD8, and 187 patients had high CD8 levels. 64 patients had low CD19, and 154 patients had high CD19 levels. Infiltration of CD4+T cells was associated with serum CD4 (P < 0.001). Serum CD4 and CD19 and the infiltration of CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, and CD19+B cells were significant in predicting the prognosis of GC. Low CD4 level, infiltration of CD8+T cells, and high infiltration of CD4+T cells and CD19+B cells were correlated with worse overall survival in multivariate analysis. Collectively, our results provide evidence that serum CD4 is associated with the infiltration of CD4+T cells in the tumor microenvironment, which indicates the prognostic value of systemic inflammation in GC.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261304

RESUMO

In dual-ion batteries (DIBs) utilizing organic electrolyte solutions, the combinations of electrolyte salt and solvent serve as a determiner of the electrochemical performance of graphite electrode partially because solvent participates in the anion intercalation procedure. In this case, every solvated-anion@graphite intercalation compound possesses the characteristic intercalated gallery height. However, in Li/graphite DIBs with concentrated LiTFSI (lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonimide))-alkyl phosphates (ca. trimethyl, triethyl, tripropyl, tributyl phosphate) solutions, solvated-TFSI-@graphite intercalation compounds have the nearly identical intercalated gallery height of about 0.803 nm, which may be mainly attributed to both the big size of TFSI- anion and the rigid PO4 framework of these alkyl phosphate solvents.

10.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263612

RESUMO

Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a disastrous complication in lung cancer. LM patients with oncogene-addicted non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have a relatively better prognosis than those with the wild-type counterpart; however, overall post-LM survival is short. Additionally, the high heterogenicity of the LM entity creates a treatment challenge, and to date, no standard strategy has been established. This article describes a female lung adenocarcinoma patient with a resistant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon20ins mutation who developed LM only 11 months after radical surgery IIIA (pT1bN2). Intrathecal chemotherapy (ITC), whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) followed by Osimertinib was initiated. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology turned negative. The first remission lasted 6 months, then bone metastases occurred, and the LM progressed. An Ommaya reservoir was implanted. ITC with pemetrexed and anlotinib was administered. A CSF next-generation sequencing (NGS) examination revealed EGFR exon20ins (p. A767_V769 dup 1.5%), which was different from that of the primary tumor (p. V769_D770 ins ASV 17.48%). The CSF cytology then turned negative again; however, the patient succumbed to the disease in December 2020. The patient's post-LM overall survival (OS) time was 13.5 months. This case is novel and of great value. Clinicians should pay special attention to populations at high risk of developing LM. Early detection followed by active intervention, including ITC, RT, and systemic treatment, will result in a better prognosis. The NGS of CSF is fundamental to understanding the genetic profiles of LM and providing effective and precise treatment.

11.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264302

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in various cellular processes and to participate in a variety of human diseases. Recently, increasing studies have reported that lncRNAs are related to many reproductive diseases, such as pathogenesis of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of LINC01088 in trophoblast cells and its potential role in pathogenesis of RPL. LINC01088 was found to be upregulated in first-trimester chorionic villi tissues from RPL patients. Increased LINC01088 repressed proliferation, migration and invasion of trophoblast cells, and promoted apoptosis of trophoblast cells. Further exploration indicated that LINC01088 decreased the production of nitric oxide (NO) by binding and increasing Arginase-1 and decreasing eNOS protein levels. Importantly, JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways were actived after overexpression of LINC01088. In conclusion, our studies demonstrated that LINC01088 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of RPL, and is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of RPL.

12.
Curr Med Chem ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254905

RESUMO

Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) has emerged over the last decade as a unique stem cell marker within gastrointestinal tissues. Evidence from mouse models shows that high Dclk1 expression denotes a population of cells that promote tissue regeneration and serve as potential cancer stem cells. Moreover, since specific DCLK1 isoforms are overexpressed in many cancers and not normal cells, targeting the expression or kinase activity of DCLK1 can inhibit cancer cell growth. Here we review the evidence for DCLK1 as a prospective cancer target, including its isoform-specific expression and mutational status in human cancers. We further discuss the challenges and current progress in the development of small-molecule inhibitors of DCLK1.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular characteristics in tumor immune microenvironment that affect long-term survival of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD). METHODS: The tumor related genetic features of a female PAAD patient (over 13-year survival) who suffered from multiple recurrences and metastases, and six operations over one decade were investigated deeply. Genomic features and immune microenvironment signatures of her primary lesion as well as six metastatic tumors at different time-points were characterized. RESULTS: High-frequency clonal neoantigenic mutations identified in these specimens revealed the significant associations between clonal neoantigens with her prognosis after each surgery. Meanwhile, the TCGA and ICGC databases were employed to analyse the function of KRAS G12V in pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The genomic analysis of clonal neoantigens combined with tumor immune microenvironment could promote the understandings of personalized prognostic evaluation and the stratification of resected PAAD individuals with better outcome.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(28): 7884-7897, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251802

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of oleanolic acid (OA) on hepatic lipid metabolism and gut-liver axis homeostasis in an obesity-related non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) nutritional animal model and explored possible molecular mechanisms behind its effects. The results revealed that OA ameliorated the development of metabolic disorders, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis in obese rats. Meanwhile, OA restored high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction and endotoxin-mediated induction of toll-like-receptor-4-related pathways, subsequently inhibiting endotoxemia and systemic inflammation and balancing the homeostasis of the gut-liver axis. OA also reshaped the composition of the gut microbiota of HFD-fed rats by reducing the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and increasing the abundance of butyrate-producing bacteria. Our results support the applicability of OA as a treatment for obesity-related NAFLD through its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and prebiotic integration responses mediated by the gut-liver axis.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ácido Oleanólico , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos
15.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292708

RESUMO

In recent years, development of new energetic compounds and formulations, suitable for ignition with relatively low-power lasers, is a highly active and competitive field of research. The main goal of these efforts is focused on achieving and providing much safer solutions for various detonator and initiator systems. In this work, we prepared, characterized, and studied thermal and ignition properties of a new laser-ignitable compound, based on the 5,6-bis(ethylnitroamino)-N'2,N'3-dihydroxypyrazine-2,3-bis(carboximidamide) (DS3) proligand. This new energetic proligand was prepared in three steps, starting with 5,6-bis(ethylamino)-pyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile. Crystallography studies of the DS3-derived Cu(II) complex (DS4) revealed a unique stacked antenna-type structure of the latter compound. DS4 has an exothermal temperature of 154.5 °C and was calculated to exhibit a velocity of detonation of 6.36 km·s-1 and a detonation pressure of 15.21 GPa. DS4 showed properties of a secondary explosive, having sensitivity to impact, friction, and electrostatic discharge of 8 J, 360 N, and 12 mJ, respectively. In order to study the mechanism of ignition by a laser (using a diode laser, 915 nm), we conducted a set of experiments that enabled us to characterize a photothermal ignition mechanism. Furthermore, we found that a single pulse, with a time duration of 1 ms and with a total energy of 4.6 mJ, was sufficient for achieving a consistent and full ignition of DS4. Dual-pulse experiments, with variable time intervals between the laser pulses, showed that DS4 undergoes ignition via a photothermal mechanism. Finally, calculating the chemical mechanism of the formation of the complex DS4 and modeling its anhydrous and hydrated crystal structures (density functional theory calculations using Gaussian and HASEM software) allowed us to pinpoint a more precise location of water molecules in experimental crystallographic data. These results suggest that DS4 has potential for further development to a higher technology readiness level and for integration into small-size safe detonator systems as for many civil, aerospace, and defense applications.

16.
Prev Med ; : 106740, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293382

RESUMO

Cervical cancer rates in Mississippi are disproportionately high, particularly among Black individuals; yet, research in this population is lacking. We designed a statewide, racially diverse cohort of individuals undergoing cervical screening in Mississippi. Here, we report the baseline findings from this study. We included individuals aged 21 years and older undergoing cervical screening with cytology or cytology-human papillomavirus (HPV) co-testing at the Mississippi State Health Department (MSDH) and the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) (December 2017-May 2020). We collected discarded cytology specimens for future biomarker testing. Demographics and clinical results were abstracted from electronic medical records and evaluated using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. A total of 24,796 individuals were included, with a median age of 34.8 years. The distribution of race in our cohort was 60.2% Black, 26.4% White, 7.5% other, and 5.9% missing. Approximately 15% had abnormal cytology and, among those who underwent co-testing at MSDH (n = 6377), HPV positivity was 17.4% and did not vary significantly by race. Among HPV positives, Black individuals were significantly less likely to be HPV16/18 positive and more likely to be positive for other high-risk 12 HPV types compared to White individuals (20.5% vs. 27.9%, and 79.5% and 72.1%, respectively, p = 0.011). Our statewide cohort represents one of the largest racially diverse studies of cervical screening in the U.S. We show a high burden of abnormal cytology and HPV positivity, with significant racial differences in HPV genotype prevalence. Future studies will evaluate cervical precancer risk, HPV genotyping, and novel biomarkers in this population.

17.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289530

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the eighth most prevalent cancer in the world, arises from the interaction of multiple factors including tobacco, alcohol consumption, and betel quid. Chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and paclitaxel have now become the first-line options for OSCC patients. Nevertheless, most OSCC patients eventually acquire drug resistance, leading to poor prognosis. With the discovery and identification of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), the functions of dysregulated ncRNAs in OSCC development and drug resistance are gradually being widely recognized. The mechanisms of drug resistance of OSCC are intricate and involve drug efflux, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, DNA damage repair, and autophagy. At present, strategies to explore the reversal of drug resistance of OSCC need to be urgently developed. Nano-delivery and self-cellular drug delivery platforms are considered as effective strategies to overcome drug resistance due to their tumor targeting, controlled release, and consistent pharmacokinetic profiles. In particular, the combined application of new technologies (including CRISPR systems) opened up new horizons for the treatment of drug resistance of OSCC. Hence, this review explored emerging regulatory functions of ncRNAs in drug resistance of OSCC, elucidated multiple ncRNA-meditated mechanisms of drug resistance of OSCC, and discussed the potential value of drug delivery platforms using nanoparticles and self-cells as carriers in drug resistance of OSCC.

18.
J Phys Chem B ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291641

RESUMO

While multiscale modeling significantly enhances the capability of molecular simulations of polymer systems, it is well realized that the systematically derived coarse-grained (CG) models generally underestimate the thermomechanical properties. In this work, a charge-based mapping scheme has been adopted to include explicit electrostatic interactions and benchmarked against two typical polymers, atactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and polystyrene (PS). The CG potentials are parameterized against the oligomer bulks of nine monomers per chain to match the essential structural features and the two basic pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) properties, which are obtained from the all-atomistic (AA) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at a single elevated temperature. The so-parameterized CG potentials are extended with the MD method to simulate the two polymer bulks of one hundred monomers per chain over a wide temperature range. Without any scaling, all the simulated results, including mass densities and bulk moduli at room temperature, thermal expansion coefficients at rubbery and glassy states, and glass transition temperatures (Tg), compare well with the corresponding experimental data. The proposed scheme not only contributes to realistically simulating various thermomechanical properties of both apolar and polar polymers but also allows for directly simulating their electrical properties.

19.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240463

RESUMO

AIMS: The bivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (bOPV; Sabin types 1 and 3) replaced the trivalent OPV (Sabin types 1, 2 and 3) globally in April 2016. A routine schedule of 1 dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine and 3 subsequent doses of bOPV was implemented in Jiangsu simultaneously. The schedule was changed to 2 inactivated poliovirus vaccines + 2 bOPV on 1 September 2019. Although OPV type 2 has been removed, challenges persist because of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with bOPV. Therefore, we analysed and evaluated the safety profile of bOPV administered in children based on passive postmarketing AEFI surveillance. METHODS: We collected all bOPV-related AEFI reports in Jiangsu from the Chinese National AEFI Information System (CNAEFIS) between May 2016 and April 2020. We obtained the administered doses of bOPV from the Jiangsu Provincial Electronic Immunization Registries System. A descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS: In total, 2084 bOPV-related AEFIs were retrieved from the CNAEFIS. The overall reporting rate was 24.16 per 100 000 doses. Most AEFIs were nonserious. The most frequently reported symptoms were fever, rash and gastrointestinal disorders. Only 1.34% of AEFIs were serious, which thrombocytopenic purpura accounted for the largest category. Seventeen serious adverse events, including 2 vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) cases, were considered to be related to bOPV vaccination. The rate of VAPP was 0.2 per million doses. CONCLUSION: AEFI analysis showed that bOPV was well tolerated. The events most frequently reported were nonserious. However, bOPV can still cause VAPP. Attention should be given to risks related to bOPV.

20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210041

RESUMO

The phase-to-height imaging model, as a three-dimensional (3D) measurement technology, has been commonly applied in fringe projection to assist surface profile measurement, where the efficient and accurate calculation of phase plays a critical role in precise imaging. To deal with multiple extra coded patterns and 2π jump error caused to the existing absolute phase demodulation methods, a novel method of phase demodulation is proposed based on dual variable-frequency (VF) coded patterns. In this paper, the frequency of coded fringe is defined as the number of coded fringes within a single sinusoidal fringe period. First, the effective wrapped phase (EWP) as calculated using the four-step phase shifting method was split into the wrapped phase region with complete period and the wrapped phase region without complete period. Second, the fringe orders in wrapped phase region with complete period were decoded according to the frequency of the VF coded fringes and the continuous characteristic of the fringe order. Notably, the sampling frequency of fast Fourier transform (FFT) was determined by the length of the decoding interval and can be adjusted automatically with the variation in height of the object. Third, the fringe orders in wrapped phase region without complete period were decoded depending on the consistency of fringe orders in the connected region of wrapped phase. Last, phase demodulation was performed. The experimental results were obtained to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method in the phase demodulation of both discontinuous objects and highly abrupt objects.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Análise de Fourier , Imageamento Tridimensional
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