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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130833, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425342

RESUMO

To investigate the influences of different subcritical water conditions on apple pomace pectic polysaccharides (APP) extraction, 20 samples were successfully prepared and systematically analyzed. At low temperature region (100-120 °C), extraction effect was predominant and extracted APP was high molecular weight, esterification degree and galacturonic acid content as well as light color. At middle temperature region (140 °C), the balance of extraction and degradation effects was reached and led to the highest APP yield (14.89%). At high temperature region (160-180 °C), degradation effect was predominant and led to serious degradation of APP and more extraction of co-extracts, which endowed the APP with low viscosity and good antioxidant activities in vitro. Overall, the relationship between different subcritical water conditions and APP properties are preliminarily illuminated, which not only provides a promising way for directed extraction of specific APP, but also promotes the potential application of subcritical water to commercial pectin.


Assuntos
Malus , Pectinas , Polissacarídeos , Viscosidade , Água
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709598

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is a well-known foodborne pathogen that usually lives as biofilm to cope with unfavorable surroundings. Bacteriocins have been reported as antimicrobial compounds, and their bactericidal actions have been extensively studied, but their antibiofilm actions have rarely been studied. Previous study indicated that bacteriocin BMP32r has a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity. In this study, the efficacy of BMP32r against the planktonic bacteria, inhibition of forming biofilm, destruction of mature biofilm, and kill persisters of L. monocytogenes ATCC 15,313 was determined. BMP32r exhibited the bactericidal effect on L. monocytogenes planktonic bacteria. Crystal violet staining showed that sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (SICs) of BMP32r (1/32 × MIC and 1/16 × MIC) significantly (p < 0.001) inhibit the biofilm formation. In addition, the results of CCK-8, plate count, ruthenium red staining, scanning electron microscopy, and real-time quantitative PCR assay showed that SICs of BMP32r reduced cell adhesion, exopolysaccharide production, quorum sensing, and virulence genes expression in biofilm formation. Moreover, higher concentrations of BMP32r (2 × MIC and 4 × MIC) disrupt the mature biofilm by killing the bacteria in the biofilm and kill L. monocytogenes persisters bacteria effectively. Therefore, BMP32r has promising potential as an antibiofilm agent to combat L. monocytogenes.

3.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185157

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Gut microbiota has been reported to contribute to either prevent or promote colorectal cancer (CRC), and treatment with probiotics might be a promising intervention method. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential anti-CRC effects of Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 on a colitis-associated (CA)-CRC mouse model. METHODS: The CA-CRC mouse model was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg azoxymethane and followed by three 7-day cycles of 2% dextran sulfate sodium in drinking water with a 14-day recovery period. Mice were supplemented with L. coryniformis MXJ32 by oral gavage (1 × 109 CFU/day/mouse). The CA-CRC attenuating effects of this probiotic were assessed via intestinal barrier integrity, inflammation, and gut microenvironment. RESULTS: Treatment with L. coryniformis MXJ32 could significantly inhibit the total number of tumors and the average tumor diameter. This probiotic administration prevented the damage of intestinal barrier function by enhancing the expression of tight junction proteins (Occludin, Claudin-1, and ZO-1) and recovering the loss of goblet cells. Moreover, L. coryniformis MXJ32 alleviated intestinal inflammation via down-regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-γ, and IL-17a) and chemokines (Cxcl1, Cxcl2, Cxcl3, Cxcl5, and Ccl7). In addition, L. coryniformis MXJ32 supplementation increased the abundance of some beneficial bacteria (such as SCFAs-producing bacteria, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Akkermansia, and Faecalibaculum) and decreased the abundance of some harmful bacteria (such as pro-inflammatory bacteria, Desulfovibrio and Helicobacter), which in turn attenuated the overexpression of inflammation. CONCLUSION: Lactobacillus coryniformis MXJ32 could effectively ameliorate CA-CRC via regulating intestinal microenvironment, alleviating inflammation, and intestinal barrier damage, which further suggested that L. coryniformis MXJ32 could be considered as a functional food ingredient for the alleviation of CA-CRC.

4.
Cancer Invest ; 20(4): 458-63, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12094540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relative risk factor of food items for colorectal cancer in four time periods through a case-control study in a Chinese rural area. METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients diagnosed at a county cancer center, Hebei Province, China, and non-cancer outpatients with similar age, sex, and place of residence were selected for cases and controls, respectively. There were 102 (93.6%) colorectal cancer patients and 99 (90.8%) outpatients being the cases and controls, respectively in the present investigation, who agreed to be interviewed about their food intake, during a 20-year period, through a food frequency questionnaire. The risks of intake of different food items and lifestyle for colorectal cancer were compared between cases and controls. RESULTS: During the 20-year period, diets of both cases and controls changed with increase in intake of animal foods and fruits, and alcohol consumption tended to increase. In the food items, milk intake showed a protective effect in both males and females, and the odds ratios were 0.38 (95% CI 0.16-0.90) and 0.28 (95% CI 0.10-0.81) for males and females, respectively. A reduced risk of fruit intake could be seen in males, while a reduced risk of vegetables could be observed in females. Meat intake and saturated fats were the prominent risk factors for colorectal cancer in males and females, respectively. A comparison of life habits, showed that tea drinking had a consistent protective effect in females, and the odds ratios were 0.21 (0.08-0.58), 0.23 (0.08-0.67), 0.25 (0.10-0.64), and 0.11 (0.04-0.30) for periods of 20-, 10-, 5-years ago, and current time, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that change in food consumption is strongly associated with a change in risk of colorectal cancer, and dietary meat has increased the risk of colorectal cancer. Increase in the consumption of milk and fruits may be a significant measure for colorectal cancer prevention in low-incidence areas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , População Rural , Inquéritos e Questionários
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