Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.594
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2259-2266, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492235

RESUMO

N-doped SnO2 nanowires were synthesized via chemical vapor deposition in the presence of NH3 gas with SnO2 nanowires as the precursor. All samples exhibited room-temperature ferromagnetism (FM). X-ray diffraction measurement showed that the FM is intrinsic. Results of vibrating sample magnetometry indicated that FM decreased along with increasing NH3 flow rate. Further analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that the N atom was substituted at the lattice site of O, and NH3 was chemisorbed in the surface of samples. The chemisorbed NH3 was the dominant ingredient and main factor causing the significant decrease in FM. However, the FM of the samples after etching was enhanced due to the doped N atoms.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2416-2422, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492256

RESUMO

In this paper, loofah sponge-based activated carbon (LAC) is prepared via loofah sponge as precursors and KOH as activator. N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the surface morphology and the structure of loofah sponge-based activated carbon. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge cycle and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were utilized to test electrochemical properties of loofah spongebased activated carbon. The results showed that loofah sponge-based activated carbon (LAC-700) prepared at 700 °C has the highest specific surface area (936 m²·g-1). The material delivers specific capacitance of 152.89 F·g-1 at the current density of 0.1 A·g-1, and specific capacitance of 116.69 F·g-1 at the current density of 5 A·g-1 in 30 wt% KOH aqueous electrolyte.

3.
Drug Dev Res ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580523

RESUMO

Histone deacetylases have proven to be promising targets for the development of anticancer drugs. In this work, we reported the design and synthesis of a series of 20 novel hydroxamic acid-based histone deacetylase inhibitors with 4-piperidin-4-yl-triazole as the core structure. Five newly obtained compounds displayed excellent HDAC6 inhibitory activities. Among them, compounds WY-12 and WY-15 also exhibited excellent antiproliferative activities against six human tumor cell lines. WY-15 could increase the level of acetylated histone H3 in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, WY-15 remarkably induced cell cycle arrest of Sy5y cancer cells in G0 /G1 phase. Finally, the high potency of compound WY-15 toward HDAC6 was rationalized by molecular docking study.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567080

RESUMO

Opto-electronic oscillators (OEO) with their demonstrated low phase noise are popular due to the increasing demand of very clean local oscillator and clock signal sources. Forced technique of self-injection locked and phase locked loop (SILPLL) reduces phase noise and suppresses side mode observed in long fiber delay of standard OEO. A frequency synthesizer working at X-band is developed using electrically coarse tuned YIG filter cascaded with optical wavelength fine tuned dispersive optical transversal filter by tuning the oscillation frequency of the synthesized OEO frequency, as a replacement for fixed frequency narrowband filter using high Q aluminum cavities. Close-in to carrier phase noise of -115 dBc/Hz at 1 kHz are reported by Vπ/2 operation of a Mach-Zehnder (MZM) over 8 GHz to 12 GHz with frequency tuning step as small as 2.6 kHz. Phase noise introduced by photodetector is also explored at very close in to the carrier frequency. It shows 10dB phase noise degradation at PD reverse bias voltage of 3 V compared with 6 V at close to Vπ operation of a MZM. A 19" rack mount frequency synthesizer system is also realized at Xband with a demonstrated long-term (up to 60 mins) frequency drift stability of 3 kHz over whole X-band working frequencies.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17267, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568004

RESUMO

Smoking is a substantial risk factor for many respiratory diseases. This study aimed to identify the gene and microRNA changes related to smoking in human airway epithelium by bioinformatics analysis.From the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, the mRNA datasets GSE11906, GSE22047, GSE63127, and microRNA dataset GSE14634 were downloaded, and were analyzed using GEO2R. Functional enrichment analysis of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was enforced using DAVID. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs)- DEGs network were executed by Cytoscape.In total, 107 DEGs and 10 DEMs were determined. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that DEGs principally enriched in oxidation-reduction process, extracellular space and oxidoreductase activity. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway demonstrated that DEGs were principally enriched in metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 and chemical carcinogenesis. The PPI network revealed 15 hub genes, including NQO1, CYP1B1, AKR1C1, CYP1A1, AKR1C3, CEACAM5, MUCL1, B3GNT6, MUC5AC, MUC12, PTGER4, CALCA, CBR1, TXNRD1, and CBR3. Cluster analysis showed that these hub genes were associated with adenocarcinoma in situ, squamous cell carcinoma, cell differentiation, inflammatory response, oxidative DNA damage, oxidative stress response and tumor necrosis factor. Hsa-miR-627-5p might have the most target genes, including ITLN1, TIMP3, PPP4R4, SLC1A2, NOVA1, RNFT2, CLDN10, TMCC3, EPHA7, SRPX2, PPP1R16B, GRM1, HS3ST3A1, SFRP2, SLC7A11, and KLHDC8A.We identified several molecular changes induced by smoking in human airway epithelium. This study may provide some candidate genes and microRNAs for assessing the risk of lung diseases caused by smoking.

6.
PLoS One ; 14(10): e0223177, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574122

RESUMO

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly emerged swine enteropathogenic coronavirus affecting pigs of all ages and causing diarrhea problems. Research findings indicate that PDCoV has evolved strategies to escape innate immune response in host cells, but mechanism of PDCoV in innate immune modulation is not well understood. In this study, we report our findings on identifying the alterations of host cell innate immune response affected by PDCoV infection and exploring the gene expression profiles of PK-15 cells at 0, 24, and 36 h PDCoV post infection by RNA sequencing. A total of 3,762 and 560 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by comparison of uninfected PK-15 cells and infected PK-15 cells at 24 h post infection (hpi) (INF_24h versus NC), and also comparison of infected PK-15 cells between 24 and 36 hpi (INF_36h versus INF_24h), which included 156 and 23 porcine innate immune-related genes in the DEGs of INF_24h versus NC and INF_36h versus INF_24h, respectively. Gene Ontology function classification and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes signaling pathway enrichment analysis were performed based on the DEGs that exhibited the same expression tendencies with most of the innate immune-associated genes among these PK-15 cell samples described above. The enrichment results indicated that extensive gene functions and signaling pathways including innate immune-associated functions and pathways were affected by PDCoV infection. Particularly, 4 of 5 innate immune signaling pathways, which were primarily affected by PDCoV, played important roles in I-IFN's antiviral function in innate immune response. Additionally, 16 of the host cell endogenous miRNAs were predicted as potential contributors to the modulation of innate immune response affected by PDCoV. Our research findings indicated that the innate immune-associated genes and signaling pathways in PK-15 cells could be modified by the infection of PDCoV, which provides a fundamental foundation for further studies to better understand the mechanism of PDCoV infections, so as to effectively control and prevent PDCoV-induced swine diarrheal disease outbreaks.

7.
Microsc Microanal ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599216

RESUMO

Mineral particles in bone are interlaced with collagen fibrils, hindering the investigation of bioapatite crystallites (BAp). This study utilized a special whale rostrum (the most highly mineralized bone ever recorded) to measure the crystallites of bone BAp via long-term dissolution in water. The BAp in the rostrum has a low solubility (6.7 ppm Ca and 3.8 ppm P after 150 days dissolution) as well as in normal bones, which leads to its Ksp value of ~10-53. Atomic force microscopy results show tightly compacted mineral crystallites and confirm the low amount of collagen in the rostrum. Additionally, the mineral crystallites demonstrate irregular plate-like shapes with variable sizes. The small crystallites (~11 × 24 nm) are easily detached from BAp prisms, compared with the large crystallites (~50 nm). Moreover, various orientations of crystallites are observed on the edge of the prisms, which suggest a random direction of mineral growth. Furthermore, these plate-like crystallites prefer to be stacked layer by layer under weak regulation from collagen. The morphology of rostrum after dissolution provides new insights into the actual morphology of BAp crystallites.

8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Available research about the anatomic patterns of intertrochanteric fractures is lacking, and fracture mapping has not previously been performed on intertrochanteric fractures. This study aimed to determine the major trajectories of intertrochanteric fracture lines using computed tomography data from a series of surgically treated patients. METHODS: In this study, 504 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Fracture patterns were graded according to Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen classification. Fracture lines were transcribed onto proximal femoral templates and graphically superimposed to create a compilation of fracture maps that were subsequently divided into anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps to create a three-dimensional (3D) pattern by reducing fragments in the 3D models. The fracture maps were then converted into frequency spectra. The major fracture patterns were assessed by focusing on the lateral femoral wall, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric crest, and inner cortical buttress. RESULTS: Anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps were created. The majority of fracture lines (85.9%, 433/504) on the anterior maps were along the intertrochanteric line where the iliofemoral ligament was attached. In the medial plane, the majority of fracture lines (49.0%, 247/504) shown on the frequency spectrum included the turning point involving the third quadrant. In the posterior plane, the majority of fracture lines (52.0%, 262/504) involved the intertrochanteric crest from the greater to the lesser trochanter. In the lateral plane, the majority of fracture lines (62.7%, 316/504) involved the greater trochanter at the gluteus medius attachment. CONCLUSIONS: The fracture patterns observed in the present study might be used to describe morphologic characteristics and aid with management strategies. Further classifications or modifications that incorporate the fracture patterns identified in this study may be used in future research.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17487, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593112

RESUMO

To analyze the association between glutathione S-transferases polymorphisms and the risk of cervical lesions.Case-control studies focusing on the association between glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms and the risk of cervical lesions were collected from the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang databases from inception to August 2018. Pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were employed to evaluate the strength of the association. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were used to test the potential discrepancy and robustness, respectively.A total of 30 studies comprising 3961 patients and 4726 healthy controls satisfied the inclusion criteria. Of these, 6 studies contained information about GSTP1, 27 studies contained information about GSTM1, and 22 studies contained information about GSTT1. Our results supported that there was no statistical association between GSTP1 polymorphism and the risk of cervical lesions (odds ratio [OR] = 1.08, P = .40). The GSTM1 null variant showed increased susceptibility to cervical lesions (OR = 1.45, P < .001). Subgroup analysis revealed that the GSTM1 null variant caused cervical lesions among HPV infection cases (OR = 1.69, P = .02) and among the Chinese and Indian populations (OR = 2.24 and OR = 1.87, respectively, P < .001). The GSTT1 null variant increased the risk of cervical lesions in smokers (OR = 1.52, P = .03). The GSTT1 null genotype was also related to high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HSIL) and cervical cancer risk (OR = 1.30 and OR = 1.78, respectively, P < .05).The GSTM1 null variant caused cervical lesions, especially among HPV infection cases and among the Chinese and Indian populations. The GSTT1 null variant increased the risk of cervical lesions in smokers and was also related to HISL and cervical cancer risk.

10.
Int J Stroke ; : 1747493019879666, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drugs that promote angiogenesis include statins, recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and stromal cell-derived factor-1. Low doses of atorvastatin could significantly increase the vascular expressions of endothelial growth factor, and the number of peripheral blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), thus improving angiogenesis and local blood flow. G-CSF is an EPC-mobilization agent used in ischemia studies for targeting angiogenesis after cerebral ischemia via EPCs. In previous clinical trials, consistent conclusions have not been reached about the effectiveness of G-CSF on ischemic stroke. Therefore, the therapeutic effect of G-CSF and its combination with other medicines need further experimental verification. It is known that atorvastatin, rhG-CSF, and SDF-1 are considered the most promising neuroprotective candidates, but a comprehensive comparison of their effects is lacking. AIMS: To compare the effects of atorvastatin, stromal cell-derived factor-1, and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on ischemic stroke. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to three groups: normal, sham-operated, and middle cerebral artery occlusion operated. Middle cerebral artery occlusion operated rats were further allocated into saline, atorvastatin, recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor + stromal cell-derived factor-1 groups. Neurological function evaluation, cerebral infarction and the blood-brain barrier integrity analysis, identification of angiogenic factors, assessment of angiogenesis, expression of growth-associated protein-43, neuroglobin, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor, and cleaved caspase 3, were performed. RESULTS: Compared with atorvastatin or recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor alone, recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor + stromal cell-derived factor-1 treatment improved neurological performance, reduced cerebral infarction and blood-brain barrier disruption after stroke, and increased the content of stromal cell-derived factor-1, vascular endothelial growth factor, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and basic fibroblast growth factor in peripheral blood. In addition, recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor + stromal cell-derived factor-1 promoted greater angiogenesis than atorvastatin or recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor alone and increased the expression of growth-associated protein-43, neuroglobin, and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor, while decreasing the levels of cleaved caspase 3 in the brain after ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and stromal cell-derived factor-1 is more effective than atorvastatin or recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor alone in protecting against stroke-induced damage and could be an optimal therapeutic strategy for stroke.

11.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 3105-3116, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564828

RESUMO

Purpose: Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is a major pro-inflammatory mediator that leads to the persistence of chronic inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate therapeutic potential of BLT1 antagonist for cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD and to explore the underlying mechanism. Materials and methods: In vitro, autophagy proteins were determined by Western blotting in RAW264.7 macrophages treated with U75302 (BLT1 antagonist) or autophagy inhibitor in cigarette smoke extract-induced inflammation. In vivo, C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups: Control group, CS group and CS+U75302 group. After 12-week exposure, histological analysis and lung function tests were performed to evaluate the inflammatory infiltration and emphysema. The expression of inflammatory cytokines was measured by real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Immunohistochemical analysis and Western blotting detected the expression of autophagy-related proteins. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed the alterations of autophagosomes and lysosomes. Results: Lower levels of inflammatory factors and autophagy markers were detected in U75302-treated cells and mice after CS exposure than control. In vitro, LC3 mRNA expression was elevated when treated with U75302. Autophagy inhibition resulted in augmented inflammatory response and autophagy proteins even with U75302 treatment. Furthermore, BLT1 antagonist decreased the number of lysosomes and autophagosomes in alveolar macrophages of mice and potentially enhanced the expression of transcriptional activation of transcription factor-EB (TFEB) in vitro and vivo. Conclusion: Insufficient autophagy of macrophages was associated with LTB4-mediated inflammation in CS-exposure models. BLT1 antagonist ameliorated inflammatory response through inducing autophagy.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566638

RESUMO

Activation of the B-B bond in diborane B2(OR)4 with dimesitylpyridylboranes 1 and 2 afforded stable diboryl radicals 3 and 4 in moderate yields, respectively, which were studied by single crystal X-ray crystallography, EPR and UV/Vis spectroscopy, in conjunction with theoretical calculations. The diboryl radicals could react with the substrates p-benzoquinone, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) and its derivative to form useful boron-containing reagents. Moreover, a much higher yield was achieved in the catalytic reaction of p-benzoquinone and diborane with 1 or 2 in comparison to 4-cyanopyridine as the catalyst, in which the diboryl radicals act as reaction intermediates, highlighting the importance of the stability of the boryl radicals in improving the reaction efficiency.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of analyzing age as a continuous variable on survival outcomes and treatment selection for extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma. RESULTS: The risk of mortality increased with increasing age, without an apparent cutoff point. Patients' age, as a continuous variable, was independently associated with overall survival after adjustment for covariates. Older early-stage patients were more likely to receive radiotherapy only whereas young-adult advanced-stage patients tended to receive non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy. A decreased risk of mortality with radiotherapy versus chemotherapy only in early-stage patients (HR, 0.347, P < 0.001) or non-anthracycline-based versus anthracycline-based chemotherapy in early-stage (HR, 0.690, P = 0.001) and advanced-stage patients (HR, 0.678, P = 0.045) was maintained in patients of all ages. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support making treatment decisions based on disease-related risk factors rather than dichotomized chronological age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on 2640 patients with extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group database were analyzed retrospectively. Age as a continuous variable was entered into the Cox regression model using penalized spline analysis to determine the association of age with overall survival (OS) and treatment benefits.

14.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA119026049, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587657

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Thrombolytic treatment of acute ischemic stroke with tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) is hampered by its narrow therapeutic window and potential hemorrhagic complication. Vepoloxamer is a nonionic surfactant that exerts potent hemorheologic and antithrombotic properties in various thrombotic diseases. The current study investigated the effect of vepoloxamer on tPA treatment in a rat model of embolic stroke. Methods- Male Wistar rats subjected to embolic middle cerebral artery occlusion were treated with the combination of vepoloxamer and tPA, vepoloxamer alone, tPA alone, or saline initiated 4 hours after middle cerebral artery occlusion. Results- Monotherapy with tPA did not reduce infarct volume, and adversely potentiated microvascular thrombosis and vascular leakage compared with the saline treatment. Vepoloxamer monotherapy reduced infarct volume by 25% and improved brain perfusion. However, the combination treatment with vepoloxamer and tPA significantly reduced infarct volume by 32% and improved neurological function, without increasing the incidence of gross hemorrhage. Compared with vepoloxamer alone, the combination treatment with vepoloxamer and tPA robustly reduced secondary thrombosis and tPA-augmented microvascular leakage and further improved brain perfusion, which was associated with substantial reductions of serum active PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1) level and tPA-upregulated PAI-1 in the ischemic brain. Mechanistically, exosomes derived from platelets of ischemic rats treated with tPA-augmented cerebral endothelial barrier permeability and elevated protein levels of PAI-1 and TF (tissue factor) in the endothelial cells, whereas exosomes derived from platelets of rats subjected to the combination treatment with vepoloxamer and tPA diminished endothelial permeability augmented by tPA and fibrin and reduced PAI-1 and TF levels in the endothelial cells. Conclusions- The combination treatment with vepoloxamer and tPA exerts potent thrombolytic effects in rats subjected to acute ischemic stroke. Vepoloxamer reduces tPA-aggravated prothrombotic effect of platelet-derived exosomes on cerebral endothelial cells, which may contribute to the therapeutic effect of the combination treatment.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575039

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a multifunctional factor that regulates inflammation and immunity. Knowledge of its regulatory mechanisms is very limited. Here, we showed that enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection induced the phosphorylation of STAT3 and the expression of its downstream inflammatory regulators. Knockdown of STAT3 with siRNAs significantly restricted viral RNA and protein levels, and also reduced viral titers. With further investigation, we found that importin α family member Karyopherin-α1 (KPNA1) was employed by both STAT1 and STAT3 for their nuclear import. The phosphorylated and un-phosphorylated STAT3 competed with STAT1 for binding to the decreased KPNA1 post infection and repressed downstream ISG expression. STAT3 knockdown alleviated the repressed type I IFN-mediated antiviral response upon infection and led to decreased viral replication. Taken together, our data suggested the role of STAT3 in maintaining the balance of inflammation and antiviral responses in the central nervous system (CNS) upon infection.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) are a group of hazardous substances produced during combustion of tobacco or high-temperature cooking of meats. 2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC) is a major carcinogenic HAAs in tobacco smoke. METHODS: Urinary AαC, used as a marker of AαC exposure, was analyzed on spot urine samples from adult participants of the 2013-2014 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; N=1,792). AαC was measured using isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Exclusive combusted tobacco smokers were differentiated from non-users of tobacco products through both self-report and serum cotinine data. RESULTS: Among exclusive smokers, sample-weighted median urinary AαC was 40 times higher than non-users. Sample-weighted regression models showed that urinary AαC increased significantly with serum cotinine among both exclusive tobacco users and non-users with second-hand smoke exposure. Among non-users, eating beef cooked at high temperature was associated with a significant increase in urinary AαC, while consuming vegetables was associated with decreased AαC. In addition, smoking one-half pack of cigarettes per day was associated with a significant increase of 23.6 pg AαC/mL calculated at geometric mean of AαC, controlling for potential confounders. In comparison, increase in AαC attributable to consuming the 99th percentile of beef cooked at high temperature was 0.99 pg AαC/mL. CONCLUSIONS: Both exclusive smokers and non-users of tobacco in the general U.S. population are exposed to AαC from tobacco smoke, with additional, lesser contributions from certain dietary components. IMPACT: AαC is an important biomarker that is associated with tobacco smoke exposure.

17.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576470

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify potential metabolic biomarkers for distinguishing malignant and benign thyroid nodules in children and adolescents using a metabolomics approach. METHODS: A total of 96 consecutive patients (median age 14.29 ± 2.31 years, range 9-18 years) who underwent thyroidectomy and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. Patients were assigned to the papillary thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid adenoma groups according to postoperative pathologic biopsy. Plasma samples were preoperatively collected, and multivariate analysis was performed to identify differential metabolites. RESULTS: Papillary thyroid carcinoma could be distinguished not only from healthy serum but also from benign thyroid adenoma according to the metabolic profiles. A total of 17 metabolites were identified. Compared with those from benign thyroid adenoma patients and healthy controls, the metabolites from papillary thyroid carcinoma patients, including leucine, lactate, alanine, glycine, acetate, lysine and choline, were increased, while glucose was decreased. CONCLUSION: The metabolomics method based on proton nuclear magnetic resonance has great potential for identifying papillary thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents. Lactate and glycine may be used as potential serum markers for the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576866

RESUMO

The reaction of the phosphine functionalized chlorogermylene 1 with Ni(COD)2 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) afforded the bis-chlorogermylene ligated nickel(0) complex 2 in high yield. The dechlorination reaction of 2 with elemental potassium serendipitously yielded the diamidinatogermylene nickel(0) complex 3. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the germanium center in 3 features a pyramidalized geometry, suggesting the germylene moiety in 3 acts as a Z-type ligand, which is further supported by theoretical calculations. Complex 3 represents the first example bearing a Z-type diaminogermylene ligand.

19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With an increase in recent years in the number of people receiving cosmetic facial injection treatments of hyaluronic acid (HA), the incidence of HA embolism has also commensurately increased. HA embolism leads to serious complications including blindness, eye and eyelid movement disorders, skin necrosis and cerebral embolism. However, there is a lack of robust clinical evidence regarding the benefits of treatment for HA embolism by Intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) therapy. METHODS: In this study, we included 24 patients with a decrease in visual acuity and other complications induced by facial HA injection. These patients underwent emergency IAT therapy by injection of hyaluronidase (500-1,500 units) alone or hyaluronidase (750-1,500 units) combined with urokinase (100,000-250,000 units), followed in both cases by a general symptomatic treatment and nutritional therapy. RESULTS: In the 24 patients, 10 patients (42%) ultimately had improvements to visual acuity, even in cases when the clinical application of the thrombolytic treatments had passed the recommended window for optimal treatment. In all cases the patients' facial skin necrosis was restored to nearly normal appearance. In addition, we found that hyaluronidase combined with urokinase was a more effective therapy than hyaluronidase alone. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that IAT therapy is beneficial to patients suffering from blindness induced by HA embolism. IAT therapy was shown to be worthy of clinical application because it alleviated the impairment to patients' vision , and was also beneficial in the recovery from other serious complications including eye movement disorder, eye edema, headaches, and skin necrosis.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17244, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577716

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary salt-losing tubulopathy caused by loss-of-function mutations in the SLC12A3 gene. It is usually characterized by hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria. There are only a few reports on GS combined with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). PATIENT CONCERNS: Three patients presented with weakness, spasm, and growth retardation, respectively. DIAGNOSES: GS was diagnosed based on the clinical symptoms, laboratory test results, and genetic analysis. GH stimulation tests were performed when the magnesium level returned to normal under magnesium oxide (MgO) therapy. INTERVENTIONS: Initially, all patients received oral replacement of MgO and potassium chloride, and 2 of them received simultaneous spironolactone therapy. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy was initiated after they were diagnosed with GHD. OUTCOMES: All 3 patients exhibited satisfactory growth velocity and normal serum magnesium level, although the potassium level was still slightly lower than normal. LESSONS: We suggest that all GS patients should undergo genetic evaluation, especially regarding SLC12A3 gene mutation. GHD should be considered if these patients have short stature. rhGH therapy is useful for stimulating the patients' growth, and it may increase the serum magnesium level.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA