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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(19): 8463-8473, 2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586991

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of analyzing age as a continuous variable on survival outcomes and treatment selection for extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma. RESULTS: The risk of mortality increased with increasing age, without an apparent cutoff point. Patients' age, as a continuous variable, was independently associated with overall survival after adjustment for covariates. Older early-stage patients were more likely to receive radiotherapy only whereas young-adult advanced-stage patients tended to receive non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy. A decreased risk of mortality with radiotherapy versus chemotherapy only in early-stage patients (HR, 0.347, P < 0.001) or non-anthracycline-based versus anthracycline-based chemotherapy in early-stage (HR, 0.690, P = 0.001) and advanced-stage patients (HR, 0.678, P = 0.045) was maintained in patients of all ages. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support making treatment decisions based on disease-related risk factors rather than dichotomized chronological age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on 2640 patients with extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group database were analyzed retrospectively. Age as a continuous variable was entered into the Cox regression model using penalized spline analysis to determine the association of age with overall survival (OS) and treatment benefits.

2.
Brain Behav Immun ; 81: 111-121, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Elevated catecholamines in the tumor microenvironment often correlate with tumor development. However, the mechanisms by which catecholamines modulate lung cancer growth are still poorly understood. This study is aimed at examining the functions and mechanisms of catecholamine-induced macrophage polarization in angiogenesis and tumor development. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We established in vitro and in vivo models to investigate the relationship between catecholamines and macrophages in lung cancer. Flow cytometry, cytokine detection, tube formation assay, immunofluorescence, and western blot analysis were performed, and animal models were also used to explore the underlying mechanism of catecholamine-induced macrophage polarization and host immunological response. RESULTS: Catecholamines were shown to be secreted into tumor under the control of the sympathetic nerve system to maintain the pro-tumoral microenvironment. In vivo, the chemical depletion of the natural catecholamine stock with 6OHDA could reduce the release of catecholamines within tumor tissues, restrain the function of alternatively activated M2 macrophage, attenuate tumor neovascularization, and inhibit tumor growth. In vitro, catecholamine treatment triggered the M2 polarization of macrophages, enhanced the expression of VEGF, promoted tumor angiogenesis, and these catecholamine-stimulated effects could be reversed by the adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol. In addition to regulating tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) recruitment, decreasing catecholamine levels could also shift the immunosuppressive microenvironment by decreasing myeloid-derived suppressor cells' (MDSCs) recruitment and facilitating dendritic cells' (DCs) activation, potentially resulting in a positive antitumor immune response. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the potential of adrenergic stress and catecholamine-driven adrenergic signaling of TAMs to regulate the immune status of a tumor microenvironment and provides promising targets for anticancer therapies.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(11): 2669-2678, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060406

RESUMO

We evaluated the effect of primary tumor invasion (PTI) on treatment selection in 1356 patients with extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma who received non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy from the updated dataset of China Lymphoma Collaborative Group. 760 (56.0%) patients had PTI. PTI showed most prominent effect in stage I disease, with 5-year overall survival (OS) of 83.0% in PTI-absent patients and 69.5% in PTI-present patients (p < .001). Radiotherapy ± chemotherapy achieved higher OS in PTI-absent stage I patients (approximately 85%). Either radiotherapy alone or chemotherapy alone was associated with an unfavorable OS in PTI-present patients (approximately 55%). Compared to radiotherapy alone, combined modality treatment improved OS in PTI-present patients (78.3% vs. 56.6%; p = .001) but showed similar OS in PTI-absent patients (85.3% vs. 83.3%; p = .560). These findings were confirmed in multivariate analyses. PTI was a robust prognostic factor and indicator for additional chemotherapy in stage I NKTCL patients.

4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(3): e190194, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821826

RESUMO

Importance: Prognosis of early-stage extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is usually estimated and stratified at diagnosis, but how the prognosis actually evolves over time for patients who survived after curative treatment is unknown. Objective: To assess conditional survival and failure hazard over time based on risk categories, previous survival, and treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the clinical data of 2015 patients with early-stage NKTCL treated with radiotherapy identified from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group multicenter database between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2015. Patients were stratified into low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups according to a previously established prognostic model. Median follow-up was 61 months for surviving patients. Data analysis was performed from December 1, 2017, to January 30, 2018. Exposures: All patients received radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: Conditional survival defined as the survival probability, given patients have survived for a defined time, and annual hazard rates defined as yearly event rate. Results: A total of 2015 patients were included in the study (mean [SD] age, 43.3 [14.6] years; 1414 [70.2%] male); 1628 patients (80.8%) received radiotherapy with chemotherapy, and 387 (19.2%) received radiotherapy without chemotherapy. The 5-year survival rates increased from 69.1% (95% CI, 66.6%-71.4%) at treatment to 85.3% (95% CI, 81.7%-88.2%) at year 3 for conditional overall survival and from 60.9% (95% CI, 58.3%-63.3%) at treatment to 84.4% (95% CI, 80.6%-87.6%) at year 3 for conditional failure-free survival. The annual hazards decreased from 13.7% (95% CI, 13.0%-14.3%) for death and 22.1% (95% CI, 21.0%-23.1%) for failure at treatment to less than 5% after 3 years (death: range, 0%-3.9% [95% CI, 3.7%-4.2%]; failure: 1.2% [95% CI, 1.0%-1.4%] to 4.2% [95% CI 3.9%-4.6%]). Intermediate-risk (11.4% [95% CI, 10.5%-12.3%]) and high-risk (21.6% [95% CI, 20.0%-23.2%]) patients had initially higher but significantly decreased death hazards after 3 years (<6%, range: 0%-5.9% [95% CI, 5.2%-6.7%]), whereas low-risk patients maintained a constantly lower death hazard of less than 5% (range, 0%-4.8%; 95% CI, 4.4%-5.3%). In high-risk patients, radiotherapy combined with non-anthracycline-based regimens were associated with higher conditional overall survival before year 3 compared with anthracycline-based regimens (hazard ratio [HR] for death, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.13-1.95; P = .004 at treatment; HR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.07-2.39; P = .02 at 1 year; and HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 0.94-3.33; P = .07 at 2 years) or radiotherapy alone (HR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.73-3.39; P < .001 at treatment; HR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.05-3.17; P = .03 at 1 year; and HR, 2.69; 95% CI, 1.23-5.90; P = .01 at 2 years). Conclusions and Relevance: The survival probability increased and the hazards of failure decreased in a risk-dependent manner among patients with early NKTCL after radiotherapy. These dynamic data appear to provide accurate information on disease processes and continual survival expectations and may help researchers design additional prospective clinical trials and formulate risk-adapted therapies and surveillance strategies.

5.
Int J Cancer ; 2018 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374974

RESUMO

Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) is a special vascular pattern in malignant tumors, which is composed of highly aggressive tumor cells. This tumor cell-mediated blood supply pattern is closely associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. The interaction of axon guidance factor Sema4D and its high affinity receptor plexinB1 could activate small GTPase RhoA and its downstream ROCKs; this process has an active role in the migration of endothelial cells and tumor angiogenesis. Here, we have begun to uncover the role of this pathway in VM formation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). First, we confirmed this special form of vasculature in NSCLC tissues and found the existence of VM channels in tumor tissues was correlated with Sema4D expression. Further, we found that inhibition of Sema4D in the human NSCLC cells H1299 and HCC827 reduces VM formation both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we demonstrated that downregulating the expression of plexinB1 by siRNA expressing vectors and inhibiting the RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway using fasudil can reduce VM formation of H1299 and HCC827 cells. Finally, we found that suppression of Sema4D leads to less stress fibers and depleted the motility of H1299 and HCC827 cells. Collectively, our study implicates Sema4D plays an important role in the process of VM formation in NSCLC through activating the RhoA/ROCK pathway and regulating tumor cell plasticity and migration. Modulation of the Sema4D/plexinB1 and downstream RhoA/ROCK pathway may prevent the tumor blood supply through the VM pattern, which may eventually halt growth and metastasis of NSCLC.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2018 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30358175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the curability of early-stage extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) in response to radiotherapy and non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy in elderly patients. METHODS: In this multicenter study from the China Lymphoma Collaborative Group (CLCG) database, 321 elderly patients with early-stage NKTCL were retrospectively reviewed. Patients received radiotherapy alone (n = 87), chemotherapy alone (n = 59), or combined modality therapy (CMT, n = 175). Patients were classified into low- or high-risk groups using four prognostic factors. Observed survival in the study cohort vs expected survival in age- and sex-matched individuals from the general Chinese population was plotted using a conditional approach and subsequently compared using a standardized mortality ratio (SMR). RESULTS: Radiotherapy conveyed a favorable prognosis and significantly improved survival compared to chemotherapy alone. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 61.2% and 56.4%, respectively, for radiotherapy compared with 44.7% and 38.3%, respectively, for chemotherapy alone (P < 0.001). The combination of a non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimen and radiotherapy significantly improved PFS compared to combination of an anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimen and radiotherapy (71.2% vs 44.2%, P = 0.017). Low-risk patients following radiotherapy (SMR, 0.703; P = 0.203) and high-risk patients who achieved PFS at 24 months (SMR, 1.490; P = 0.111) after radiotherapy showed survival equivalent to the general Chinese population. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate a favorable curability for this malignancy in response to radiotherapy and non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy, providing a risk-adapted follow-up and counsel scheme in elderly patients.

7.
Blood Adv ; 2(18): 2369-2377, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30242098

RESUMO

This study evaluated the survival benefit of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) compared with 3-dimension conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) in a large national cohort of patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). This retrospective study reviewed patients with early-stage NKTCL treated with high-dose radiation therapy (RT; ≥45 Gy) at 16 Chinese institutions. Patients were stratified into 1 of 4 risk groups based on the number of risk factors: low risk (no factors), intermediate-low risk (1 factor), intermediate-high risk (2 factors), and high-risk (3-5 factors). Of the 1691 patients, 981 (58%) received IMRT, and 710 (42%) received 3D-CRT. Unadjusted 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 75.9% and 67.6%, respectively, for IMRT compared with 68.9% (P = .004) and 58.2% (P < .001), respectively, for 3D-CRT. After propensity score match and multivariable analyses to account for confounding factors, IMRT remained significantly associated with improved OS and PFS. The OS and PFS benefits of IMRT persisted in patients treated with modern chemotherapy regimens. Compared with 3D-CRT, IMRT significantly improved OS and PFS for high-risk and intermediate-high-risk patients but provided limited benefits for low-risk or intermediate-low-risk patients. A risk-adapted survival benefit profile of IMRT can be used to select patients and make treatment decisions.

8.
Radiother Oncol ; 129(1): 3-9, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739712

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to clarify the benefit of radiotherapy (RT) in patients with early-stage extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) who achieve a complete response (CR) after asparaginase-containing chemotherapy (CT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 240 patients achieved a CR after asparaginase-containing CT, 202 patients received additional RT (CT + RT), and 38 patients did not (CT alone). RESULTS: Compared to CT alone, CT + RT significantly improved overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and locoregional control (LRC). The 5-year OS, DFS and LRC rates were 84.9%, 76.2% and 84.9% for CT + RT, compared to 58.9% (P = 0.006), 43.6% (P = 0.001) and 62.1% (P = 0.026) for CT alone. The 5-year cumulative disease recurrence rate was 18.8% for CT + RT compared to 46.9% (P = 0.003) for CT alone. High-dose RT (≥50 Gy) significantly decreased the risk of locoregional recurrence. The 5-year cumulative locoregional failure rate was 35.5% for patients receiving <50 Gy compared to 8.8% for patients receiving ≥50 Gy (P = 0.028). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with early-stage NKTCL who achieve a CR after asparaginase-containing CT, omission of RT results in frequent locoregional recurrence and a poor prognosis; RT is essential to improve locoregional control and survival.

9.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 14(7): 1582-90, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25934709

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the biologic role of the Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil in the vasculogenic mimicry (VM) of B16 mouse melanoma cells. It was previously reported that RhoA plays a critical role in angiogenesis by coordinating endothelial cell cytoskeleton remodeling and promoting endothelial cell motility. Although RhoA has been implicated in the regulation of angiogenesis, little has been described regarding its control of these tumor cell-lined channels. In this study, we established an in vitro model of VM using 3-dimensional cell culturing of mouse B16 melanoma cells and studied VM in vivo by transplanting B16 cells into C57/BL mice. Next, we explored the effect of RhoA and Rho-associated, coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) on VM formation using the Rho kinase inhibitor fasudil. We provide direct evidence that fasudil leads to reduced vascular-like channels in Matrigel. Additional experiments suggested that fasudil prevents both initial cellular architecture changes and cell migration in vitro. Finally, we provide in-depth evidence for the underlying mechanisms of fasudil-induced VM destruction using the Rho-GTPase agonist lysophosphatidic acid. In vivo studies revealed that fasudil reduced B16 melanoma cell xenograft tumor growth without causing significant toxicity in mice. Fasudil-treated tumors also displayed fewer VM channels. These results suggest that fasudil may be an emerging therapeutic option for targeting cancer VM.


Assuntos
1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/análogos & derivados , Melanoma Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/prevenção & controle , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , 1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/farmacologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Lisofosfolipídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Melanoma Experimental/irrigação sanguínea , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microscopia Confocal , Transplante de Neoplasias/métodos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo
10.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online ; 68(Pt 6): o1621-2, 2012 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22719425

RESUMO

In the title mol-ecule, C(30)H(42)N(6)O(2), the amide-substituted N atoms of the tetra-zine ring deviate from the approximate plane of the four other atoms in the ring by 0.457 (3) and 0.463 (3) Å, forming a boat conformation. The two benzene rings form a dihedral angle of 47.69 (9)°. Intra-molecular N-H⋯N and weak C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed.

12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 25(1): 11-4, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18247295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the mutation of FRMD7 gene in a Chinese family with congenital idiopathic nystagmus. METHODS: Forty-six individuals in the Chinese family with congenital idiopathic nystagmus, including 16 patients, 19 normal siblings and 11 spouses, were investigated under informed consent. Genomic DNA of all 46 members was isolated by standard protocol. The X-linked inherited pattern was ascertained by investigating the history of the family members and the clinical feature of each individual. The genome scan on X chromosome was performed after PCR amplification for microsatellite markers. LOD scores were calculated with Linkage 5.1. Direct DNA sequence analysis was carried out to find the gene mutation responsible for the disease. RESULTS: A maximum LOD score of 8.55 (theta=0) was obtained with polymorphic marker DXS1047. Haplotype construction of the family defined the disease interval between DXS8059 and DXS8033. Direct DNA sequence analysis revealed a heterozygous mutation of G990T in exon 9 of the FRMD7 gene in all patients, which was not present in unaffected family members. CONCLUSION: Congenital nystagmus is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous ocular movement disease. The mutation of G990T of the FRMD7 gene is the underlying molecular pathogenesis for this family with congenital nystagmus.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Nistagmo Congênito/genética , Sequência de Bases , Éxons/genética , Família , Feminino , Genoma Humano/genética , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Mutação , Linhagem , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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