Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 254
Filtrar
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 900-906, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of whole exome sequencing technology in fetuses with congenital structural abnormalities. METHODS: The chromosomal abnormalities of 1147 families were analyzed. According to the follow-up results, the data of fetuses with new phenotypes in late pregnancy or after birth were reanalyzed. Subgroups were divided according to the organs involved and whether single malformation or not. The gene regulatory network map was drawn by using string database and Cytoscape software. Fisher exact probability method was used to compare the difference of the diagnostic rate of pathogenic genes among the groups. RESULTS: A total of 160 fetal cases received positive molecular diagnosed, involving 178 variant sites of 125 pathogenic genes, including 8 cases (4.9%, 8/163) by data reanalysis, and the overall positive diagnosis rate was 13.9%. Diagnostic rate was highest in the group of skeletal malformation (31.5%, 39/124) and lowest in that with thoracic malformation (0, 0/32). The gene clusters of fetal edema and intrauterine growth restriction were independent, and were not associated with the major structural malformations. The probability of each parent carrying the same recessive gene variant was 0.03 (39/1146) and 0.08 (4/53) with positive family history. CONCLUSION: For fetuses with congenital structural abnormalities that are negative for conventional genetic tests, 13.9% of phenotypic associated pathogenic/likely pathogenic genetic variants can be detected by whole exome sequencing technology. Its application value for prenatal diagnosis varies in fetus with different organs involved. Reanalysis of sequencing data for cases with new phenotypes in late pregnancy or after birth can further improve the molecular diagnosis rate. Further investigations are needed to explore the related genetic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Doenças Fetais , Feto , Feminino , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Tecnologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(9): 2647-2654, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347928

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of human mortality and disability worldwide. The treatment of cerebral ischemia is refractory due to its short therapeutic window and lack of effective clinical drugs. Mitophagy, the autophagic elimination of damaged mitochondria, attenuates neuronal injury in cerebral ischemia, indicating the potential of mitophagy inducers as therapies for cerebral ischemia. We previously determined that, by enhancing autophagy flux, the steroidal alkaloid tomatidine can function as a neuroprotective agent against ischemic injury. However, its effects on mitophagy remain unknown. For this purpose, neuroblastoma cell lines Neuro-2a and SH-SY5Y were subjected to ischemic injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) and then treated with tomatidine. OGD/R induced a general decrease of cellular contents, and this study revealed that tomatidine had no impact on mitophagy. In addition, tomatidine did not affect mitochondrial contents, including translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 20 and voltage-dependent anion channel 1, in either OGD/R-treated or intact SH-SY5H cells. Our results indicate that tomatidine exhibits its neuroprotective effects by enhancing autophagy, but in a potentially mitophagy-independent manner, and provide insights for further investigation into its mechanism(s) and potential therapeutic use against cerebral ischemia.

4.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 445-448, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374268

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce a method of marking neurons using patch clamp technique. Methods: The brain slices of the target area was cut with a vibrating microtome. The glass microelectrode was perfused with the electrode liquid containing NeurobiotinTM Tracer, and the whole-cell patch-clamp recording was performed. After recording, the brain slices were fixed and rinsed with 4% paraformaldehyde. After stained in phosphate buffer with Streptavidin-Texas Red and Triton X-100 for at least 2 hours, the neurons can be observed under a fluorescence microscope. Results: The cell membrane voltage was clamped at -70 mV, and the neuron showed a gradually increasing membrane current after step stimulation. When recording in the current clamp mode, the step stimulus caused the neuron to depolarize to the threshold potential and then burst into action potentials. The morphology of intact neurons with clear cell body and protrusions of a neuron could be observed under a fluorescence microscope. Conclusion: This method is suitable for observing the morphological features of the recorded neuron after patch clamp experiments, which is easy to operate, and the image is intuitive and clear.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Neurônios , Potenciais de Ação , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp
5.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 192: 114722, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384759

RESUMO

Mast cells (MCs) initiate and maintain allergic inflammation. Upon being stimulated with immunoglobulin (Ig)E and antigen (Ag), MCs exhibit FcεRI (high-affinity IgE) receptor-mediated degranulation, cytokine secretion, and increased focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activity. The aims of this study were to examine mechanisms of FAK regulation in IgE-mediated MC activation and the effects of FAK inhibition on MC-mediated allergic responses. FAK activity was manipulated with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) knockdown, FAK overexpression, and the FAK inhibitor PF-431396 (PF). Gene expression and kinase activation were analyzed with quantitative molecular biology assays. PF effects were tested in the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA), active systemic anaphylaxis (ASA), and allergic conjunctivitis (AC) mouse models. Our results showed that FAK overexpression increased IgE-mediated degranulation and reduced the dexamethasone inhibitory effect on MCs activation. The FAK inhibitor PF diminished MC release of ß-hexosaminidase (ß-hex), histamine, and inflammatory cytokines, via a mechanism that involves MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways. CaMKII was identified as a robust FAK-associating protein. Inhibition of CaMKII activation by KN-93 suppressed FAK activity and its downstream pathway. PF attenuated inflammatory responses in our PCA and ASA models, and relieved signs of allergic disease in AC model mice. In conclusions, MC degranulation and production of inflammatory mediators in allergic disease may be consequent to FcεRI crosslinking inducing CaMKII-mediated activation of FAK activity. FAK inhibition may represent a new MC-suppressing treatment strategy for the treatment of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Hipersensibilidade/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/toxicidade , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Quinase 1 de Adesão Focal/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/tratamento farmacológico , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mastócitos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
6.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(20): 2749-2757, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to define the clinical significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs)/circulating tumor endothelial cells (CTECs) and their subtypes in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. METHODS: CTCs/CTECs and their subtypes were determined using SE-iFISH technology in 33 SCLC patients before initial treatment (B1), after two cycles of chemotherapy (B2), at the completion of chemotherapy (B3), and disease progression (B4). The correlations with clinical characteristics, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. RESULTS: CTCs and CTECs were detected in 96.6% and 65.5% of patients, respectively. Patients had higher levels of CTCs compared with CTECs in circulation (p < 0.05). Extensive-stage SCLC patients tended to have higher CTEC counts (p = 0.035), and the detection of CTC-white blood cell (CTC-WBC) clusters was associated with a worse response to treatment (p = 0.030). Patients with CTC-WBC clusters at B1 (17.3 vs. 22.6 months, p = 0.041) and B2 (19.9 vs. 25.2 months, p = 0.018) had significantly shorter OS than those with no detection. Additionally, their presence was revealed as independent predictors for a worse OS in multivariable analyses (B1: HR 9.3, 95% CI: 1.4-48, p = 0.0079; B2: HR 4.4, 95% CI: 1.1-18, p = 0.041). A high CTC level at B4 was an adverse prognostic factor for SCLC patients (PFS: 8.7 vs. 22.5 months, p = 0.0026; OS: 19 months vs. not reached, p = 0.0086). CTC clusters and CTECs also showed prognostic values. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CTC-WBC clusters at baseline and after two-cycle chemotherapy and the total CTC counts at the completion of chemotherapy are strong predictors for the prognostic survival of SCLC patients receiving first-line treatment.

7.
Chin J Acad Radiol ; : 1-9, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222797

RESUMO

Background: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an independent risk factor of major adverse cardiovascular events; however, the impact of CAC on in-hospital death and adverse clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains unclear. Objective: To explore the association between CAC and in-hospital mortality and adverse events in patients with COVID-19. Methods: This multicenter retrospective cohort study enrolled 2067 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients with definitive clinical outcomes (death or discharge) admitted from 22 tertiary hospitals in China between January 3, 2020 and April 2, 2020. Demographic, clinical, laboratory results, chest CT findings, and CAC on admission were collected. The primary outcome was in-hospital death and the secondary outcome was composed of in-hospital death, admission to intensive care unit (ICU), and requiring mechanical ventilation. Multivariable Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier plots were used to explore the association between CAC and in-hospital death and adverse clinical outcomes. Results: The mean age was 50 years (SD,16) and 1097 (53.1%) were male. A total of 177 patients showed high CAC level, and compared with patients with low CAC, these patients were older (mean age: 49 vs. 69 years, P < 0.001) and more likely to be male (52.0% vs. 65.0%, P = 0.001). Comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease (CVD) ([33.3%, 59/177] vs. [4.7%, 89/1890], P < 0.001), presented more often among patients with high CAC, compared with patients with low CAC. As for laboratory results, patients with high CAC had higher rates of increased D-dimer, LDH, as well as CK-MB (all P < 0.05). The mean CT severity score in high CAC group was also higher than low CAC group (12.6 vs. 11.1, P = 0.005). In multivariable Cox regression model, patients with high CAC were at a higher risk of in-hospital death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.731; 95% CI 1.010-2.971, P = 0.046) and adverse clinical outcomes (HR, 1.611; 95% CL 1.087-2.387, P = 0.018). Conclusion: High CAC is a risk factor associated with in-hospital death and adverse clinical outcomes in patients with confirmed COVID-19, which highlights the importance of calcium load testing for hospitalized COVID-19 patients and calls for attention to patients with high CAC. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s42058-021-00072-4.

8.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 49(7): 704-714, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117639

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The primary objective was to demonstrate the relationship between lung ultrasound (LUS) manifestations and the outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The secondary objective was to determine the characteristics of LUS manifestations in different subgroups of ICU patients. METHODS: This prospective multi-center cohort study was conducted in 17 ICUs. A total of 1702 patients admitted between August 31, 2017 and February 16, 2019 were included. LUS was performed according to the bedside lung ultrasound in emergency (BLUE)-plus protocol, and LUS scores were calculated. Data on the outcomes and oxygenation indices were analyzed and compared between different primary indication groups. RESULTS: The LUS scores were significantly higher for non-survivors than for survivors and were significantly different between the oxygenation index groups, with higher scores in the lower oxygenation index groups. The LUS score was an independent risk factor for the 28-day mortality. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.663 for prediction of the 28-day mortality and 0.748 for prediction of an oxygenation index ≤100. CONCLUSIONS: The LUS score based on the BLUE-plus protocol was an independent risk factor for the 28-day mortality and was important for the prediction of an oxygenation index ≤100. An early LUS score within 24 hours of ICU admission helps predicting the outcome of ICU patients.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pulmão , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
9.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 261, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activator protein-1 (AP1), a c-Fos-JUN transcription factor complex, mediates many cytobiological processes. c-Fos has been implicated in immunoglobulin (Ig)E activation of mast cells (MCs) via high-affinity IgE Fc receptor (FcεRI) binding. This study examined c-Fos involvement in MC activation and tested the effects of the c-Fos/AP1 inhibitor T-5224 on MCs activation and allergic responses. METHODS: In vitro studies were conducted with two MC model systems: rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBLs) and mouse bone marrow derived mast cells (BMMCs). MC degranulation and effector functions were examined with ß-hexosaminidase release and cytokine secretion assays. c-Fos/AP1 was inhibited with T-5224. c-Fos activity was suppressed with short hairpin RNA targeting c-Fos (shFos). In vivo immune responses were evaluated in passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) and ovalbumin-induced active systemic anaphylaxis (ASA) models, as well as in an oxazolone (OXA)-induced model of atopic dermatitis, a common allergic disease. RESULTS: c-Fos expression was elevated transcriptionally and translationally in IgE-stimulated MCs. c-Fos binding of the Egr1 (early growth response 1) promoter upregulated Egr1 transcription, leading to production of interleukin (IL)4. T-5224 reduced FcεRI-mediated MC degranulation (evidenced by ß-hexosaminidase activity and histamine levels) and diminished EGR1 and IL4 expression. T-5224 attenuated IgE-mediated allergic responses in PCA and ASA models, and it suppressed MC-mediated atopic dermatitis in mice. CONCLUSION: IgE binding can activate MCs via a c-Fos/Egr1/IL-4 axis. T-5224 suppresses MC activation in vitro and in vivo and thus represents a promising potential strategy for targeting MC activation to treat allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Mastócitos , Animais , Degranulação Celular , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce , Imunoglobulina E , Inflamação , Interleucina-4 , Camundongos , Ratos , Fator de Transcrição AP-1
10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 635537, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996549

RESUMO

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing adenocarcinoma from the gastrointestinal tract (APA-GI) is a rare type of highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. It may originate from any site along the GI tract with similar clinicopathological characteristics. As limited research had ever described the characteristics of APA-GI, the present article intends to systemically investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of APA-GI from a single center's retrospective study to deepen the understanding of the disease. A total of 177 patients pathologically diagnosed with APA-GI between 2010 and 2017 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, were included. Also, clinical data of 419 gastric cancers and 609 colorectal cancers from The Cancer Genome Atlas database were also extracted. Clinical information of patients from Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, was collected, and a median follow-up of 14.5 months was performed to investigate clinical characteristics of APA-GI. For the pathological characteristics of APA-GI, hematoxylin-eosin sections were reviewed, and immunohistochemistry of AFP was performed. The results showed that the primary tumor could develop through the whole GI tract, including the esophagus (0.6%), stomach (83.1%), duodenum (1.1%), ileum (0.6%), appendix (0.6%), colon (5.1%), and rectum (7.9%). Hepatoid adenocarcinoma is the main pathological feature of APA-GI. AFP expression level in tumor tissue was not strictly associated with serum AFP or hepatoid differentiation. The prognosis of APA-GI was worse than that of common adenocarcinoma of the GI tract and liver metastasis, and high AFP levels suggest poor prognosis in patients with APA-GI. Therefore, the present study was the first research to systemically explore the clinicopathological characteristics of APA-GI. APA-GI occurs through the whole GI tract with a significantly worse prognosis than common adenocarcinoma of GI. APA-GI should be regarded as one kind of disease for its similar clinicopathological characteristics within patients.

11.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(1): 125-130, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834699

RESUMO

This article demonstrates that mannotriose effectively induces the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into neuron-like cells in vitro. Rat-derived mesenchymal stem cells were investigated on their potential to differentiate into neuron-like cells induced by mannotriose purified from Radix Rehmanniae Preparata in vitro. The percentage of the neuron-specific enolase positive cells and the Nissl positive cells after mannotriose treatment was increased. The mRNA levels of neurofilament medium and neuron-specific enolase were upregulated in the mannotriose group compared to the control. These findings demonstrate that mannotriose purified from Radix Rehmanniae Preparata can effectively induce differentiation of rat-derived mesenchymal stem cells into neuron-like cells.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios , Fosfopiruvato Hidratase/efeitos dos fármacos , Rehmannia , Trissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Preparações de Plantas , Ratos , Regulação para Cima
12.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 17: 905-913, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790559

RESUMO

Background: Cumulative evidence suggests that neuronal death including autophagy, apoptosis, and necrosis is closely related to the occurrence and development of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Moreover, vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) is involved in many different neuroprotective and neuroplasticity pathways. Thus, VNS may be a novel approach for treating various neurodegenerative diseases. The present study aims to determine whether VNS protects against cerebral I/R injury in rats by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis. Methods: Cerebral I/R injury is induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and VNS is carried out. Infarct volume, neurological deficit, autophagy, and apoptosis are examined 24 h after reperfusion. Results: Vagal nerve stimulation decreases infarct volume and suppresses neurological deficit. Moreover, obvious autophagy and apoptosis are detected in rats that have undergone I/R, and VNS inhibits autophagy and apoptosis. Conclusion: Vagal nerve stimulation exerts neuroprotective effects following I/R injury by inhibiting autophagy and apoptosis.

13.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(3): 231-240, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781457

RESUMO

Salidroside (SAL) is a phenolic substance with high solubility and low permeability, which make it easy to cause the efflux effect of P-glycoprotein and degradation of intestinal flora, resulting in lower bioavailability. The aim of this study was to develop and optimize a water-in-oil nanoemulsion of SAL (w/o SAL-N) to explore its suitability in oral drug delivery systems. In this work, SAL-N was successfully prepared by water titration method at Km = 1 to construct the pseudo-ternary phase diagrams. Physical characterization including the average viscosity, pH, refractive index, particle size, PDI, TEM, DSC, the content of SAL, and stability study were performed. It was evaluated for drug release in vitro and pharmacokinetic studies in vivo. The optimized nanoemulsion formulation consisted of Labrafil M 1944CS (63%), Span-80/Tween-80/EtOH (27%) and 200 mg∙mL-1 SAL solution (SAL-SOL) (10%). Low viscosity and suitable pH were expected for the nanoemulsion. The spherical morphology and nanoscale size of SAL-N enhanced the stability of the nanoemulsion system. In vitro drug release showed that SAL-N had a better controlled release property than SAL-SOL at earlier time points. The pharmacokinetic studies exhibited that SAL-N had significantly higher in t1/2 (2.11-fold), AUC0-48 h (1.75-fold) and MRT0-48 h (2.63-fold) than SAL-SOL (P < 0.01). The w/o SAL-N prepared in this work can be effectively delivered via the oral route. It can be seen w/o nanoemulsion is a strategy for the drug with polyphenols to delay the release, enhance oral absorption and reduce metabolic rate.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Emulsões , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas , Fenóis/administração & dosagem , Disponibilidade Biológica , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade , Água
14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 651-660, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642869

RESUMO

Background: Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) is a destructive opportunistic dimorphic fungal which can cause lethiferous Talaromycosis, but the clearance of T. marneffei mainly depends on the innate immune response. Objective: To investigate whether T. marneffei can inhibit the expression of CD86 in THP-1 cells after infection and discuss the potential mechanisms. Methods: Western blot and immunoelectron microscopy were used to detect the CD86 expression on T. marneffei cultured on BHI medium at 37°C. Western blot, enzyme-linked immunoassay and immunofluorescence were used to detect the change of CD86 expression on macrophages incubating with T. marneffei. Enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to detect the content of CD86 in supernatant in the co-culture system. Immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy were used to detect the expression of CD86 on T. marneffei incubating with macrophages. Results: T. marneffei did not express CD86 when cultured separately at 37°C detected by Western blot and immunoelectron microscopy, but it did express CD86 when incubated with macrophages detected by immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy. The CD86 expression of macrophages significantly decreased at 72 hours when infected with T. marneffei while the content of CD86 in supernatant significantly increased at 72 hours compared with the control group which were detected by Western blot, enzyme-linked immunoassay and immunofluorescence. Conclusion: 1) After T. marneffei infection, CD86 expression on THP-1 decreased, and with the progression of infection, insufficient polarization of M1 macrophages gradually appeared; 2) T. marneffei may adsorb or uptake CD86 in supernatant produced by macrophages during the contact with THP-1 cells, thus leading to the consumption of CD86 in macrophages.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(4)2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671234

RESUMO

Cancer cells generally have reprogrammed gene expression profiles to meet the requirements of survival, continuous division, and metastasis. An interesting question is whether the cancer cells will be affected by interfering their global RNA metabolism. In this research, we found that human Ccr4a/b (hCcr4a/b) and Caf1a/b (hCaf1a/b) deadenylases, the catalytic components of the Ccr4-Not complex, were dysregulated in several types of cancers including stomach adenocarcinoma. The impacts of the four deadenylases on cancer cell growth were studied by the establishment of four stable MKN28 cell lines with the knockdown of hCcr4a/b or hCaf1a/b or transient knockdown in several cell lines. Depletion of hCcr4a/b or hCaf1a/b significantly inhibited cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Mechanistic studies indicated that the cells were arrested at the G2/M phase by knocking down hCaf1a, while arrested at the G0/G1 phase by depleting hCaf1b or hCcr4a/b. The four enzymes did not affect the levels of CDKs and cyclins but modulated the levels of CDK-cyclin inhibitors. We identified that hCcr4a/b, but not hCaf1a/b, targeted the p21 mRNA in the MKN28 cells. Furthermore, depletion of any one of the four deadenylases dramatically impaired processing-body formation in the MKN28 and HEK-293T cells. Our results highlight that perturbating global RNA metabolism may severely affect cancer cell proliferation, which provides a potential novel strategy for cancer treatment.

16.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576465

RESUMO

During embryonic cortical development, radial glial cells (RGCs) are the major source of neurons, and these also serve as a supportive scaffold to guide neuronal migration. Similar to Vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is one of the major intermediate filament proteins present in glial cells. Previous studies confirmed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) significantly affected the levels of GFAP and increased the disassembly of radial glial fibers. GFAPδ is a variant of GFAP that is specifically expressed in RGCs; however, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports regarding how PEE influences its expression during cortical development. In the present study, the effects of PEE on the expression and distribution of GFAPδ during early cortical development were assessed. It was found that PEE significantly decreased the expression levels of GFAP and GFAPδ. Using double immunostaining, GFAPδ was identified to be specifically expressed in apical and basal RGCs, and was co­localized with other intermediate filament proteins, such as GFAP, Nestin and Vimentin. Additionally, PEE significantly affected the morphology of radial glial fibers and altered the behavior of RGCs. The loss of GFAPδ accelerated the transformation of RGCs into astrocytes. Using co­immunostaining with Ki67 or phospho­histone H3, GFAPδ+ cells were observed to be proliferative or mitotic cells, and ethanol treatment significantly decreased the proliferative or mitotic activities of GFAPδ+ RGCs. Taken together, the results suggested that PEE altered the expression patterns of GFAPδ and impaired the development of radial glial fibers and RGC behavior. The results of the present study provided evidence that GFAPδ may be a promising target to rescue the damage induced by PEE.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Ependimogliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/farmacologia , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/citologia , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Ependimogliais/citologia , Células Ependimogliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Exposição Materna , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nestina/metabolismo , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Vimentina/metabolismo
17.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(1): 92-100, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33569189

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a major public-health problem in China. Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a very promising biomarker and therapeutic target for COPD. To assess whether baseline serum SP-D is associated with lung function decline and incident COPD. Methods: This longitudinal study was initiated in 2009 in a community in Beijing. Data were collected on spirometry, and the baseline level of serum SP-D was measured in 772 non-COPD subjects aged 40-70 years old. In 2012, spirometry was repeated in 364 individuals, 37 of whom subjects had incident COPD. Results: From 2009 to 2012, subjects with incident COPD had a more rapid decline in FEV1 (MD 98.27 vs. MD 43.41 mL) compared with those without COPD. There was no association between baseline serum SP-D and the COPD incidence. Smoking (OR =2.72; P=0.002) and age (OR =1.06; P=0.000) were risk factors for COPD. The rate of FEV1 decline varies widely in the general population, and the univariate analysis showed that baseline serum SP-D levels (R=-0.169; P=0.003), income level, home-road distance, and statin use were inversely correlated with the decline in FEV1. After multivariable analyses, only smoking was consistently associated with the decline in FEV1. Conclusions: There was no correlation between baseline serum SP-D levels and incident COPD in a general population. Smoking and age were major risk factors for COPD. The effect of serum SP-D levels on the decline in FEV1 needs further investigation.

18.
Mar Drugs ; 19(2)2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513729

RESUMO

Diarrhetic shellfish toxins (DSTs), some of the most important phycotoxins, are distributed almost all over the world, posing a great threat to human health through the food chain. Therefore, it is of great significance to find effective methods to reduce toxin accumulation in shellfish. In this paper, we observed the effects of four phytochemicals including cinnamaldehyde (CA), quercetin, oridonin and allicin on the accumulation of DSTs in the digestive gland of Perna viridis after exposure to the DSTs-producing Prorocentrum lima. We found that, among the four phytochemicals, CA could effectively decrease the accumulation of DSTs (okadaic acid-eq) in the digestive gland of P. viridis. Further evidence demonstrated that CA could reduce the histological alterations of the digestive gland of a mussel caused by DSTs. RT-qPCR showed that CA could suppress the CYP3A4 induction by DSTs, suggesting that the DSTs' decrease induced by CA might be related to the inhibition of CYP3A4 transcription induction. However, further studies on the underlying mechanism, optimal treatment time, ecological safety and cost should be addressed before cinnamaldehyde is used to decrease the accumulation of DSTs in field.


Assuntos
Acroleína/análogos & derivados , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Digestório/efeitos dos fármacos , Toxinas Marinhas/antagonistas & inibidores , Perna (Organismo)/efeitos dos fármacos , Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar/tratamento farmacológico , Acroleína/farmacologia , Acroleína/uso terapêutico , Animais , Diarreia/metabolismo , Diarreia/patologia , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Sistema Digestório/patologia , Toxinas Marinhas/metabolismo , Perna (Organismo)/metabolismo , Frutos do Mar , Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar/metabolismo , Intoxicação por Frutos do Mar/patologia
19.
FEBS J ; 288(5): 1447-1456, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070450

RESUMO

Invasion and metastasis are the basic characteristics and important markers of malignant tumors, which are also the main cause of death in cancer patients. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is recognized as the first step of tumor invasion and metastasis. Many studies have demonstrated that cell fusion is a common phenomenon and plays a critical role in cancer development and progression. At present, cancer stem cell fusion has been considered as a new mechanism of cancer metastasis. Mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (MSC) is a kind of adult stem cells with high self-renewal ability and multidifferentiation potential, which is used as a very promising fusogenic candidate in the tumor microenvironment and has a crucial role in cancer progression. Many research results have shown that MSCs are involved in the regulation of tumor growth and metastasis through cell fusion. However, the role of cell fusion between MSCs and malignant cells in tumor growth and metastasis is still controversial. Several studies have demonstrated that MSCs can enhance malignant characteristics, promoting tumor growth and metastasis by fusing with malignant cells, while other conflicting reports believe that MSCs can reduce tumorigenicity upon fusion with malignant cells. In this review, we summarize the recent research on cell fusion events between MSCs and malignant cells in tumor growth and metastasis. The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms between MSC fusion and tumor metastasis may provide an effective strategy for tumor biotherapy.


Assuntos
Fusão Celular , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
20.
Neurosci Res ; 162: 52-62, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891740

RESUMO

Resveratrol shows ability to eliminate prion replication, but the exact mechanism for prion eradication was not clear yet. Our previous studies demonstrate a downregulation of brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) during prion infection, meanwhile recovery of cerebral nerve growth factor (NGF) level by resveratrol treatment has been reported in other neurodegenerative models. To obtain the possible changes of brain NGF and its upstream regulatory cascade during prion infection and after removal of prion propagation, the levels of NGF and its upstream regulatory factors in various prion-infected and prion-eradicated SMB cell lines and mice brains inoculated with various SMB cellular lysates were assessed with various methodologies. The levels of NGF were significantly decreased during prion replication, while recovered after removal of PrPSc by resveratrol in vitro. Morphological assays revealed that the NGF signals mainly colocalized within neurons, but not in the proliferative astrocytes and microglia. The upstream positive regulatory kinases, such as p-CREB, p-CaMKIV, CaMKK2 were decreased in the prion infected cells and mice brains, whereas the negative regulatory one, p-CaMKK2, was increased. The aberrant situations of those kinases in prion infected cell lines or mice brains could be also partially reversed by removal of prion agent. Moreover, we demonstrated that the signals of CaMKK2 and p-CaMKK2 were also distributed predominately in neurons in the brain tissues. The data illustrate a direct linkage of abnormally repressive NGF and its upstream regulatory kinases with prion infection. Resveratrol has not only the ability to inhibit prion replication, but also to improve the expression of NGF via CaMKK2/CaMKIV cascade, which might benefit the microenvironment in brains.


Assuntos
Príons , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Neural , Proteínas PrPSc/metabolismo , Príons/metabolismo , Resveratrol/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...