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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(1): 42e-50e, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With an increase in recent years in the number of people receiving cosmetic facial injection treatments of hyaluronic acid, the incidence of hyaluronic acid embolism has also increased commensurately. Hyaluronic acid embolism leads to serious complications, including blindness, eye and eyelid movement disorders, skin necrosis, and cerebral embolism. However, there is a lack of robust clinical evidence regarding the benefits of treatment for hyaluronic acid embolism by intraarterial thrombolysis therapy. METHODS: This study included 24 patients with a decrease in visual acuity and other complications induced by facial hyaluronic acid injection. Patients underwent emergency intraarterial thrombolysis therapy by injection of hyaluronidase (500 to 1500 units) alone or hyaluronidase (750 to 1500 units) combined with urokinase (100,000 to 250,000 units), followed in both cases by a general symptomatic treatment and nutritional therapy. RESULTS: Ten (42 percent) of 24 patients ultimately had improvements to visual acuity, even when the clinical application of the thrombolytic treatments had passed the recommended window for optimal treatment. In all cases, patients' facial skin necrosis was restored to nearly normal appearance. In addition, the authors found that hyaluronidase combined with urokinase was a more effective therapy than hyaluronidase alone. CONCLUSIONS: The authors' results indicate that intraarterial thrombolysis therapy is beneficial to patients suffering from blindness induced by hyaluronic acid embolism. The therapy was shown to be worthy of clinical application because it alleviated the impairment to patients' vision and was also beneficial in the recovery from other serious complications, including eye movement disorder, eye edema, headaches, and skin necrosis. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.

2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With an increase in recent years in the number of people receiving cosmetic facial injection treatments of hyaluronic acid (HA), the incidence of HA embolism has also commensurately increased. HA embolism leads to serious complications including blindness, eye and eyelid movement disorders, skin necrosis and cerebral embolism. However, there is a lack of robust clinical evidence regarding the benefits of treatment for HA embolism by Intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) therapy. METHODS: In this study, we included 24 patients with a decrease in visual acuity and other complications induced by facial HA injection. These patients underwent emergency IAT therapy by injection of hyaluronidase (500-1,500 units) alone or hyaluronidase (750-1,500 units) combined with urokinase (100,000-250,000 units), followed in both cases by a general symptomatic treatment and nutritional therapy. RESULTS: In the 24 patients, 10 patients (42%) ultimately had improvements to visual acuity, even in cases when the clinical application of the thrombolytic treatments had passed the recommended window for optimal treatment. In all cases the patients' facial skin necrosis was restored to nearly normal appearance. In addition, we found that hyaluronidase combined with urokinase was a more effective therapy than hyaluronidase alone. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that IAT therapy is beneficial to patients suffering from blindness induced by HA embolism. IAT therapy was shown to be worthy of clinical application because it alleviated the impairment to patients' vision , and was also beneficial in the recovery from other serious complications including eye movement disorder, eye edema, headaches, and skin necrosis.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 76: 105907, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525636

RESUMO

Sepsis disrupts innate and adaptive immune response, and immune disorders may also impact clinical course of sepsis. Notch signaling pathway plays a vital role in T cell modulation and differentiation. The aim of current study was to investigate the immunoregulatory function of Notch signaling pathway to T cells in patients with sepsis and septic shock. Twenty-seven sepsis patients, twenty-five septic shock patients, and twenty-one normal controls (NCs) were enrolled. Notch receptors mRNA levels were semi-quantified by real-time PCR. The absolute numbers of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells were measured by flow cytometry. Key transcriptional factors of CD4+ T cells, cytotoxic molecules in CD8+ T cells, and cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells were investigated. The regulatory activities of Notch signaling inhibition by γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) on purified CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from sepsis and septic shock patients were also assessed. Notch1 mRNA relative level was significantly elevated in sepsis and septic shock patients when compared with NCs. CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were dysfunctional in sepsis and septic shock, which presented as decreased cell accounts, down-regulation of Th1/Th17 transcriptional factors and cytotoxic molecules (perforin, granzyme B, and FasL), and reduced cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells. Notch signaling inhibition by GSI increased Th1 and Th17 differentiation of CD4+ T cells. Moreover, GSI stimulation not only promoted perforin, granzyme B, and FasL mRNA expression in CD8+ T cells, but also elevated CD8+ T cell-induced target cell death and IFN-γ/TNF-α production in sepsis and septic shock. The current data suggest that Notch signaling pathway contributes to T cell dysfunction and limited immune response in sepsis.

4.
PhytoKeys ; 130: 183-203, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534406

RESUMO

Four new species of Gesneriaceae from Yunnan, southwest China, are described and illustrated. They are Petrocosmea rhombifolia, Petrocosmea tsaii, Didymocarpus brevipedunculatus, and Henckelia xinpingensis. Diagnostic characters between the new species and their morphologically close relatives are provided. Their distribution, ecology, phenology, and conservation status are also described.

5.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466318

RESUMO

Three iridium(III) complexes ([Ir(Hppy)2(L)](PF6) (Hppy = 2-phenylpyridine, L = 5-nitrophenanthroline, NP), 1; 5-nitro-6-amino-phenanthroline (NAP), 2; and 5,6-diamino-phenanthroline (DAP) 3 were synthesized and characterized. The cytotoxicities of Ir(III) complexes 1-3 against cancer cell lines SGC-7901, A549, HeLa, Eca-109, HepG2, BEL-7402, and normal NIH 3T3 cells were investigated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) method. The results showed that the three iridium(III) complexes had moderate in vitro anti-tumor activity toward SGC-7901 cells with IC50 values of 3.6 ± 0.1 µM for 1, 14.1 ± 0.5 µM for 2, and 11.1 ± 1.3 µM for 3. Further studies showed that 1-3 induce cell apoptosis/death through DNA damage, cell cycle arrest at the S or G0/G1 phase, ROS elevation, increased levels of Ca2+, high mitochondrial membrane depolarization, and cellular ATP depletion. Transwell and Colony-Forming assays revealed that complexes 1-3 can also effectively inhibit the metastasis and proliferation of tumor cells. These results demonstrate that 1-3 induce apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells through ROS-mediated mitochondrial damage and DNA damage pathways, as well as by inhibiting cell invasion, thereby exerting anti-tumor cell proliferation activity in vitro.

6.
J Food Sci ; 84(8): 2121-2127, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269247

RESUMO

The effects of thermal oxidation at 65 °C for 24 days on oxidation indices, fatty acid positional distribution, thermal properties, vitamin E composition and sterol composition of kenaf seed oil are investigated. The results showed that total oxidation value (TOTOX) of the oil increased from initial 8.83 to 130.74 at the end of 24 days storage. Linoleic acid at sn-1, 3 positon of kenaf seed oil was less stable than the one at sn-2 positon. Oxidative degradation changed the melting profile of kenaf seed oil, the value of endothermic enthalpy reduced from 58.17 to 20.25 J/g after 24 days of storage. Moreover, the content of vitamin E and total sterol decreased by 84.26% and 38.47%, respectively. Tocotrienols were more stable than tocopherols during the accelerated storage. Correlation analysis indicated vitamin E content was significantly related to p-anisidine value, while sterol content was significantly related to peroxide value. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Kenaf seed oil is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids and bioactive compounds. Heating process and long-term storage cause oil oxidation and bioactive compounds degradation. The oxidation process of kenaf seed oil is simulated with accelerated storage. The study evaluates fatty acid composition and distribution, vitamin E and sterol content, melting thermal characteristics of kenaf seed oil at different oxidation levels. The research shows the stability of fatty acid is related with its type and position in backbone of triacylglycerol molecule. There are good correlation among oxidation level, vitamin E and sterol content, and melting enthalpy value of kenaf seed oil.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibiscus/química , Óleos Vegetais/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Temperatura Alta , Ácido Linoleico/análise , Oxirredução , Sementes/química , Tocoferóis/análise , Tocotrienóis/análise , Triglicerídeos/análise , Vitamina E/análise
8.
J Int Med Res ; 47(5): 1936-1947, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore correlations between body mass index (BMI), preoperative systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and endocrine therapy resistance, and evaluate BMI and SII as predictors of resistance, in patients with luminal breast cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with luminal breast cancer who underwent endocrine therapy at Hebei General Hospital. Relationships between BMI and SII subgroups, and clinicopathological parameters were analysed using χ2-tests. Disease-free survival was assessed using Log-rank statistics. Multivariate analysis of factors related to disease progression were analysed using Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Out of 161 patients, those with normal BMI and low SII had significantly lower endocrine resistance rates versus those with high BMI and SII, and BMI was significantly positively correlated with SII. High BMI or SII was associated with significantly lower disease-free survival rates. Hazard ratios for disease progression risk were 6.036, 3.508 and 1.733, for SII, BMI and TNM stage, respectively. CONCLUSION: In patients with luminal breast cancer, high BMI (>23 kg/m2) and SII (>518 × 109/L) levels may predict high endocrine resistance rates. BMI, SII and TNM stage were independent prognostic factors for endocrine therapy resistance.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(7): e14368, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762736

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Nasopharyngeal metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma is very rare. This is the first report of posttransplantation nasopharyngeal metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 45-year-old man with a history of hepatitis B related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the right segment of the liver received an orthotopic liver transplant. Two year after the transplantation, he suffered from severe headache, and head contrast enhanced CT scans did not show clues for brain or skull metastasis. Then he developed hoarseness and dysphagia. DIAGNOSIS: The nasopharyngeal cancer was confirmed to be metastatic tumor from liver histologically according to biopsy. INTERVENTIONS: This patient underwent radiotherapy (RT) of the metastatic nasopharyngeal tumor, and there was significant symptomatic relief. OUTCOMES: The patient died 3 months after nasopharyngeal metastasis was diagnosed. LESSONS: Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma with metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma after liver transplantation is rare, but the prognosis is very poor. Close follow-up of patients should be paid attention to prevent the occurrence of such diseases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/secundário , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia
10.
PeerJ ; 6: e5503, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30155370

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is an endogenous noncoding RNA with a covalently closed cyclic structure. Based on their components, circRNAs are divided into exonic circRNAs, intronic circRNAs, and exon-intron circRNAs. CircRNAs have well-conserved sequences and often have high stability due to their resistance to exonucleases. Depending on their sequence, circRNAs are involved in different biological functions, including microRNA sponge activity, modulation of alternative splicing or transcription, interaction with RNA-binding proteins, and rolling translation, and are a derivative of pseudogenes. CircRNAs are involved in the development of a variety of pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, neurological diseases, and cancer. Emerging evidence has shown that circRNAs are likely to be new potential clinical diagnostic markers or treatments for many diseases. Here we describe circRNA research methods and biological functions, and discuss the potential relationship between circRNAs and disease progression.

11.
J Dermatol ; 45(8): 989-993, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29897140

RESUMO

Elevated serum procalcitonin (PCT) level has been reported to be a diagnostic index in systemic bacterial infections, but it can also increase in some non-infectious inflammatory diseases. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare immune-mediated cutaneous mucosal reaction which is susceptible to bacterial infections and may have elevated PCT levels. The value of serum PCT has not been assessed in series of SJS/TEN patients. We aimed to investigate the PCT levels in SJS/TEN patients with systemic bacterial infections (systemic infected group), with skin surface bacterial infections (skin surface infected group) and without infections (non-infected group), to assess whether PCT was a valuable indicator for systemic bacterial infections in SJS/TEN patients. The PCT and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels of 42 inpatients with SJS/TEN were retrospectively analysis. The receiver-operator curve (ROC) was used to determine the diagnostic efficacy of PCT for systemic bacterial infections in SJS/TEN patients. The results demonstrated that PCT levels in the systemic infected group were significantly higher than those in the other two groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in CRP between the three groups. The cut-off PCT level of 0.65 ng/mL calculated by ROC had optimal diagnostic efficacy, with sensitivity and specificity of 84.6% and 89.7%, respectively. PCT and severity-of-illness score for toxic epidermal necrolysis were positively correlated (P < 0.05). In conclusion, PCT is a valuable index and superior to CRP in detecting systemic bacterial infections in SJS/TEN patients. The level of PCT can partially reflect the severity of the disease.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Calcitonina/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Bacterianas/sangue , Infecções Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções Bacterianas/patologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/microbiologia , Pele/patologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/sangue , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/imunologia , Síndrome de Stevens-Johnson/patologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0199259, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29953548

RESUMO

Uncaria macrophylla Wall. is an important Chinese medicinal herb. Rhynchophylline (RIN) and isorhynchophylline (IRN) are its major active compounds. We investigated the influence of genetic differentiation and environmental factors on the RIN and IRN to find the main influencing factors of their contents and lay the foundation for the following cultivation and breeding. We used inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers to investigate the genetic diversity, and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to measure the contents of RIN and IRN in 200 samples of U. macrophylla obtained from nine natural populations, and then to analyze the correlation between genetic differentiation, environmental factors of sampling sites and the contents of RIN and IRN. We found that High intra-population (80.05%) and low inter-population (19.95%) genetic diversity existed in the samples of U. macrophylla. To some extent, genetic differentiation and the contents of RIN and IRN had correlation in individual populations (such as JH, MH, XM, and ML). The RIN and IRN contents were significant negatively correlated with the precipitation in May (RIRN = -0.771, p = 0.015) and June (RRIN = -0.814, p = 0.008; RIRN = -0.921, p = 0.000), indicating that precipitation was the main affecting factor of their contents. Interestingly, the analysis results showed that the RIN content had a significant positive correlation (r = 0.585, p = 0.000) with the IRN content (they are isomers); the proportion of RIN had a significant negative correlation with the sum of the two (r = -0.390, p<0.0001), while the proportion of IRN had a significant positive correlation (r = 0.390, p<0.0001). It meant that, with the total quantity of the two compounds increased, the proportion of RIN decreased and the proportion of IRN increased, illustrating that their conversion exist some regularity. Moreover, the content ratio of RIN and IRN was significant positively correlated with the January precipitation (r = 0.716, p = 0.030), implying that January may be the key period for the mutual transformation of RIN and IRN.


Assuntos
Parede Celular/metabolismo , Meio Ambiente , Variação Genética , Oxindois/metabolismo , Uncaria/genética , Uncaria/metabolismo , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA de Plantas , Geografia , Filogenia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo , Uncaria/química , Uncaria/classificação
13.
PLoS One ; 13(2): e0192361, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29466390

RESUMO

Rhabdomyolysis (RM) may cause kidney damage and results primarily in acute kidney injury (AKI). Complement is implicated in the pathogenesis of renal diseases and ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), but the role of complement, especially its activation pathway(s) and its effect in RM-induced AKI, is not clear. This study established a rat model of AKI induced by RM via intramuscular treatment with glycerol. Cobra venom factor (CVF) was administered via tail vein injection to deplete complement 12 h prior to intramuscular injection of glycerol. We found that the complement components, including complement 3 (C3), C1q, MBL-A, factor B(fB), C5a, C5b-9, and CD59, were significantly increased in rat kidneys after intramuscular glycerol administration. However, the levels of serum BUN and Cr, renal tubular injury scores, and the number of TUNEL-positive cells decreased significantly in the CVF+AKI group. These results suggest that complement plays an important role in RM-induced AKI and that complement depletion may improve renal function and decrease renal tissue damage by reducing the inflammatory response and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Ativação do Complemento , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rabdomiólise/complicações , Animais , Glicerol/administração & dosagem , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
14.
Anesthesiology ; 128(3): 574-586, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29252510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a key element in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. This study investigated the role of N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 in nuclear transcription factor κB-mediated inflammation in ischemia models. METHODS: Mice (n = 6 to 12) with or without nuclear transcription factor κB inhibitor pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate pretreatment were subjected to global cerebral ischemia for 20 min. Pure astrocyte cultures or astrocyte-neuron cocultures (n = 6) with or without pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate pretreatment were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation for 4 h or 2 h. Astrocytic nuclear transcription factor κB and N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 expression, proinflammatory cytokine secretion, neuronal apoptosis and survival, and memory function were analyzed at different time points after reperfusion or reoxygenation. Proinflammatory cytokine secretion was also studied in lentivirus-transfected astrocyte lines after reoxygenation. RESULTS: Astrocytic nuclear transcription factor κB and N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 expression and proinflammatory cytokine secretion increased after reperfusion or reoxygenation. Pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate pretreatment significantly reduced N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 expression and proinflammatory cytokine secretion in vivo and in vitro, reduced neuronal apoptosis induced by global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (from 65 ± 4% to 47 ± 4%, P = 0.0375) and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (from 45.6 ± 0.2% to 22.0 ± 4.0%, P < 0.001), and improved memory function in comparison to vehicle-treated control animals subjected to global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 lentiviral knockdown reduced the oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. CONCLUSIONS: Astrocytic N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 is up-regulated after cerebral ischemia and is involved in nuclear transcription factor κB-mediated inflammation. Pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate alleviates ischemia-induced neuronal injury and hippocampal-dependent cognitive impairment by inhibiting increases in N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2 expression and N-Myc downstream-regulated gene-2-mediated inflammation.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/genética , Proteínas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
15.
J Nat Med ; 72(1): 166-180, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28914410

RESUMO

Twenty-three new C21 steroidal glycosides, marstenacissides C1-C10 (1-10), D1-D7 (11-17) and E1-E6 (18-23), and four new C21 steroids, 11α,12ß-O-ditigloyl-tenacigenin C (24), 11α-O-benzoyl-12ß-O-tigloyl-tenacigenin C (25), 11α-O-tigloyl-12ß-O-benzoyl-tenacigenin C (26) and 11α-O-tigloyl-12ß-O-benzoyl-marsdenin (27), were isolated from the Dai herbal medicine Dai-Bai-Jie, derived from the roots of Marsdenia tenacissima. The chemical structures of all compounds were established by spectroscopic techniques, including high-resolution mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy, as well as by comparison with reported spectral data. The anti-HIV activities of these compounds were screened, and the compounds obtained displayed inhibitory effects against HIV-1 with inhibition rates of 36.4-81.3% at 30 µM.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Herbária/métodos , Marsdenia/química , Fitoterapia/métodos , Raízes de Plantas/química , Plantas Medicinais/química
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(18): 3435-3442, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218925

RESUMO

In this paper,the potential climate factors affecting the Pairs polyphylla var. yunnanensis distribution in China at rational scales were selected from related literatures, using the sampling point geographic information from of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, combine the maximum entropy model (MaxEnt) with spatial analyst function of ArcGIS software, to study the climate suitability of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis cultivating region in China and the leading climate factors. The results showed that, average rainfall in August, average rainfall in October, coefficient of variation of seasonal precipitation, the average temperature of the dry season, isothermal characteristic, average temperature in July were the leading climate factors affecting the potential distribution of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis cultivating region in China, with their cumulative contribution rate reached 97.2% of all candidate climate factors. Existence probability of the region to be predicted of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis through the constructed model, the climate unsuitable region, low, medium and high region of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in China were clarified and the threshold of climatic factors were gave and clarified the climate characteristics of the cultivating region in each climatic suitability division. The results of research can provide reference for production layout and introduction of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Assuntos
Clima , Mineração de Dados , Liliaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Liliaceae/química
17.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 30(10): 762-766, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122097

RESUMO

To evaluate the potential risk of arteriosclerosis caused by desalinated seawater, Wistar rats were provided desalinated seawater over a 1-year period, and blood samples were collected at 0, 90, 180, and 360 days. Blood calcium, magnesium, and arteriosclerosis-related indicators were investigated. Female rats treated with desalinated seawater for 180 days showed lower magnesium levels than the control rats (P < 0.05). The calcium and magnesium levels in female rats and the magnesium level in male rats were lower than the levels in the controls, following treatment with desalinated seawater for 360 days (P < 0.05). Blood levels of arteriosclerosis-related lipid peroxidation indicators and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the treatment group did not differ from those in the controls. The levels of lipid peroxidation indicators and CRP in rats were not significantly affected by drinking desalinated seawater, and no increase in risk of arteriosclerosis was observed.


Assuntos
Arteriosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Cálcio/sangue , Magnésio/sangue , Água do Mar/química , Cloreto de Sódio/química , Animais , Feminino , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 130(20): 2416-2422, 2017 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29052561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) can lead to serious consequences such as intrauterine infection, prolapse of the umbilical cord, and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Genital infection is a very important risk which closely related with PPROM. The preliminary study only made qualitative research on genital infection, but there was no deep and clear judgment about the effects of pathogenic bacteria. This study was to analyze the association of infections with PPROM in pregnant women in Shaanxi, China, and to establish Bayesian stepwise discriminant analysis to predict the incidence of PPROM. METHODS: In training group, the 112 pregnant women with PPROM were enrolled in the case subgroup, and 108 normal pregnant women in the control subgroup using an unmatched case-control method. The sociodemographic characteristics of these participants were collected by face-to-face interviews. Vaginal excretions from each participant were sampled at 28-36+6 weeks of pregnancy using a sterile swab. DNA corresponding to Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Candida albicans, group B streptococci (GBS), herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), and HSV-2 were detected in each participant by real-time polymerase chain reaction. A model of Bayesian discriminant analysis was established and then verified by a multicenter validation group that included 500 participants in the case subgroup and 500 participants in the control subgroup from five different hospitals in the Shaanxi province, respectively. RESULTS: The sociological characteristics were not significantly different between the case and control subgroups in both training and validation groups (all P > 0.05). In training group, the infection rates of UU (11.6% vs. 3.7%), CT (17.0% vs. 5.6%), and GBS (22.3% vs. 6.5%) showed statistically different between the case and control subgroups (all P < 0.05), log-transformed quantification of UU, CT, GBS, and HSV-2 showed statistically different between the case and control subgroups (P < 0.05). All etiological agents were introduced into the Bayesian stepwise discriminant model showed that UU, CT, and GBS infections were the main contributors to PPROM, with coefficients of 0.441, 3.347, and 4.126, respectively. The accuracy rates of the Bayesian stepwise discriminant analysis between the case and control subgroup were 84.1% and 86.8% in the training and validation groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study established a Bayesian stepwise discriminant model to predict the incidence of PPROM. The UU, CT, and GBS infections were discriminant factors for PPROM according to a Bayesian stepwise discriminant analysis. This model could provide a new method for the early predicting of PPROM in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/epidemiologia , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(3): 433-437, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952245

RESUMO

Cycloartenol, a phytosterol compound, also one of the key precusor substances for biosynthesis of numerous sterol compounds, has a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, antibiosis and anti-alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, cycloartenol also plays an important role in the process of plant growth and development. This article reviewed the research progress on cycloartenol pharmacological activity in domestic and foreign articles, and summarized the effect of cycloartenol and "cycloartenol pathway" on the plant growth and development, laying foundation for the its further study, development and utilization.


Assuntos
Fitosteróis/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Esteróis
20.
Br J Pharmacol ; 174(17): 2912-2928, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28627773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an important target for diabetes therapy based on its key role in maintaining glucose and lipid homeostasis. This study was designed to investigate antidiabetic and hepatoprotective effects of a novel oleanolic acid derivative DKS26 in diabetic mice and elucidate its underlying GLP-1 related antidiabetic mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The therapeutic effects of DKS26 were investigated in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced and db/db diabetic mouse models. Levels of plasma glucose, glycosylated serum protein (GSP), lipid profiles, insulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), oral glucose tolerance (OGT), pancreatic islets and hepatic histopathological morphology, liver lipid levels and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines were assessed. Intestinal NCI-H716 cells and diabetic models were used to further validate its potential GLP-1-related antidiabetic mechanisms. KEY RESULTS: DKS26 treatment (100 mg·kg-1 ·day-1 ) decreased plasma levels of glucose, GSP, ALT and AST; ameliorated OGT and plasma lipid profiles; augmented plasma insulin levels; alleviated islets and hepatic pathological morphology; and reduced liver lipid accumulation, inflammation and necrosis in vivo. Furthermore, DKS26 enhanced GLP-1 release and expression, accompanied by elevated levels of cAMP and phosphorylated PKA in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: DKS26 exerted hypoglycaemic, hypolipidaemic and islets protective effects, which were associated with an enhanced release and expression of GLP-1 mediated by the activation of the cAMP/PKA signalling pathway, and alleviated hepatic damage by reducing liver lipid levels and inflammation. These findings firmly identified DKS26 as a new viable therapeutic option for diabetes control.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Oleanólico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Oleanólico/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Células Enteroendócrinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Enteroendócrinas/metabolismo , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Ácido Oleanólico/farmacologia , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/patologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia
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