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1.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 819-22, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259419

RESUMO

Through collecting the relevant provisions and medical cases of wei syndrome treated with acupuncture and moxibustion from ancient medical works, the diagnosis and acupoint selection in treatment of generalized myasthenia gravis (gMC) with acupuncture and moxibustion were analyzed systematically from 3 aspects, i.e. meridian differentiation, disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation. In treatment based on meridian differentiation, the acupoints are selected in the light of the running course of meridian and characteristics of meridian disorders. In treatment based on disease differentiation, the acupoints are selected in accordance with etiology, pathogenesis and transmission stages of wei syndrome. Concerning to syndrome differentiation in treatment, the acupoints are selected on the basis of therapeutic principles determined by different syndromes/patterns of wei syndrome. In modern clinical practice, the treatment for gMC should be rooted at ancient literature, thus a standardized regimen can be developed for diagnosis and treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Miastenia Gravis , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Miastenia Gravis/diagnóstico , Miastenia Gravis/terapia
2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(2): 183-8, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) on the expression of growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) in the sciatic nerve trunk and ventral horn of spinal cord (L4-L6) in rats with primary sciatica, and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion in improving primary sciatica. METHODS: A total of 48 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. The rat model of primary sciatic pain was established by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in the model group and the moxibustion group. On the 8th day of the experiment, moxibustion was adopted at "Huantiao" (GB 30) in the moxibustion group for 5-10 min, once a day for 14 consecutive days. Sciatic nerve function index (SFI) was measured and compared in each group at day 1, 7, 14 and 21. On the 21st day of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the morphology of ventral horn of rat spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk. Immunohistochemical method and real-time PCR were used to detect mRNA and protein expressions of GAP-43 in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk of rats. RESULTS: On day 7, 14 and 21, there was no statistical difference in SFI between the sham operation group and the normal group (P>0.05); compared with the sham operation group on day 7, 14 and 21, the SFI of the model group was reduced (P<0.01); compared with the model group on day 14 and 21, SFI in the moxibustion group was increased (P<0.01). In the normal group and the sham operation group, neuronal cells were in order in the ventral horn of the spinal cord, nissl bodies were spaced regularly, the myelin sheath structure of sciatic nerve axon was clearly visible. In the model group, neuronal cells were deformed and ruptured in the ventral horn of the spinal cord, the number of nissl bodies was less, and the demyelination of sciatic axons appeared. In the moxibustion group, neuronal cells were found in the ventral horn of spinal cord, and the number of nissl bodies was increased, and less demyelinating changes of axons appeared in sciatic nerve. Compared with the normal group, the expressions of GAP-43 mRNA and GAP-43 protein in the sciatic nerve trunk and GAP-43 protein in the ventral horn of spinal cord were increased in the sham operation group (P<0.01). Compared with the sham operation group, the expression of GAP-43 mRNA and GAP-43 protein in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk of rats in the model group was increased. Compared with the model group, the expression of GAP-43 mRNA and GAP-43 protein in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk of rats in the moxibustion group was increased (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) could improve the sciatic nerve function in rats with primary sciatica and its mechanism may be related to improving the expression of GAP-43 and enhancing the self-repair ability of the sciatic nerve after injury.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Moxibustão , Ciática , Animais , Proteína GAP-43/genética , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático , Ciática/terapia , Medula Espinal
3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(12): 1313-8, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the eliminating effects of moxibustion at "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) on amyloid ß-peptide (Aß) in brain of the amyloid precursor protein/presenili1 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD) by regulating the phosphoinositide 3-kinases/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. METHODS: A total of 60 APP/PS1 double-transgenic mice with AD were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, a rapamycin group and a combination group (treated with moxibustion and inhibitor), 15 mice in each group, another 15 male C57BL/6J mice with same age and background were selected as the control group. In the moxibustion group, pressing moxibustion was applied at "Baihui" (GV 20) while the mild moxibustion was applied at "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14). The treatment was manipulated for 20 min each time, once a day for 2 weeks. In the rapamycin group, rapamycin (2 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the moxibustion group, 3-methyladenine (1.5 mg/kg) was given by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 2 weeks. The mice in the control and the model group received normal diet and no intervention was given for 2 weeks. Immunohistochemica method was used to measure the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of autophagosome in hippocampus, and Western blot method was used to observe the levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR and p-mTOR in hippocampus. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were decreased in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01), compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between the moxibustion group and the rapamycin group in the levels of Aß1-42(P>0.05). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of Aß1-42 in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). In the model group, the cytoplasmic utophagic vacuoles and organelles of neuron were reduced. In the moxibustion group, the utophagic vacuoles were increased, and the organelles showed deformation and atrophy. In the rapamycin group, the utophagic vacuoles were widely disturbed and few deformed organelles were found. In the combination group, few utophagic vacuoles were found and additional organelles showed deformation and atrophy. Compared with the control group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the model group (all P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were reduced in the moxibustion group, the rapamycin group and the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the moxibustion group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、and p-mTOR were increased in the rapamycin group and the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (all P<0.01). Compared with the rapamycin group, the levels of PI3K、Akt、p-Akt、mTOR and p-mTOR were increased in the combination group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at acupoints of governor vessel can enhance the autophagy process on Aß1-42 in brain of the APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice, which may be associated with its effects on inhibiting the abnormal activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Autofagia , Moxibustão , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316574

RESUMO

Needle knife therapy, a form of acupuncture and moxibustion, has been widely used in the clinical treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, the mechanism is not clear. Therefore, we studied the mechanisms of action of needle knife intervention on KOA in rabbits, with the PERK-eIF2α-CHOP pathway as a starting point, in order to determine the mechanism underlying knee joint chondrocyte apoptosis. Apoptosis and ultrastructural changes in the articular cartilage were examined by pathological study and transmission electron microscopy, and PERK, eIF2α, and CHOP mRNA and protein levels were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. PERK, eIF2α, and CHOP protein levels were significantly higher in the model group than in the normal group (P < 0.01) and were considerably downregulated in the needle knife and the medicine groups compared to the model group (P < 0.01). The eIF2α, p-eIF2α, and CHOP protein levels were not significantly different between the needle knife and medicine groups. The PERK, eIF2α, and CHOP mRNA levels in the drug group were higher than those in the needle knife group (P < 0.01). Needle knife therapy can regulate PERK-eIF2α-CHOP signaling pathway, which could be one of the mechanisms by which it affects chondrocyte apoptosis in KOA rabbits.

5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(4): 235-41, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of moxibustion of acupoints of the Governor Vessel on the levels of cellular autophagy, ß amyloid protein (Aß) immunoactivity, and expression of LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ, p62 and p-P70S6K proteins in the hippocampal tissue of APPswe/PS1de9 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic Alzheimer's disease (AD) mice, so as to reveal its underlying mechanisms in improving AD. METHODS: APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice were randomly divided into AD model, moxibustion, autophagy-inducer (Rapamycin) and autophagy-inhibitor (3-MA)+moxibustion groups (n=10 in each group), and other 10 C57BL/6J male mice (the same age) were used as the normal control group. Herbal-cake (made of Chuanwu [Radix Aconiti Praeparata]) partitioned moxibustion was applied to "Baihui"(GV20), moxibustion was applied to "Fengfu"(GV16) and "Dazhui"(GV14), all for 20 min, once daily for 2 weeks, with one day's off between two weeks. For mice of the autophagy-inducer and 3-MA+moxibustion groups, Rapamycin (2 mg•kg-1•d-1) and 3-MA (1.5 mg•kg-1•d-1) were separately administered by intraperitoneal injection for 2 weeks. The cognitive ability was examined by Morris water maze tests, and the ultrastructural changes (including autophagic lysosomes, etc.) of hippocampal neurons were observed by using transmission electron microscopy. The immunoactivity of cerebral cortex and hippocampal Amyloid ß peptide 1-42 (Aß1-42) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of hippocampal LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ, p62 and p-P70S6K proteins were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling, the escape latency of Morris water maze tasks was prolonged in the model group than in the normal control group (P<0.05) and obviously shortened in the moxibustion and autophagy-inducer groups (not the autophagy-inhibitor group) than in the model group (P<0.05). Results of transmission electron microscope showed deformed, irregular or atrophic neurons with rough and incomplete and fuzzy nuclear membrane, and decreased intracellular autophagosomes in the hippocampus in the model group, and partial irregular, atrophic neurons with more autophagic vesicles and lysosomes in the moxibustion group. The expression levels of Aß1-42 in both cerebral cortex and hippocampus tissues, and LC3-Ⅰ, p62 and p-P70S6K proteins in the hippocampus were consi-derably up-regulated in the model group relevant to the normal control group (P<0.01), and evidently down-regulated in both moxibustion and autophagy-inducer groups (not the autophagy-inhibitor group) than in the model group (P<0.01), while that of hippocampal LC3-Ⅱ protein and LC3-Ⅱ/Ⅰ ratio levels were obviously down-regulated in the model group relevant to the normal control group (P<0.01), and significantly up-regulated in both moxibustion and autophagy-inducer groups (not the autophagy-inhibitor group) than in the model group (P<0.01).. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can improve the cognitive ability of APP/PS1 double-transgenic AD mice, which is associated with its effects in promoting hip-pocampal and cerebral cortex autophagy level, and down-regulating the expression levels of Aß1-42, LC3-Ⅰ, p62 and p-P70S6K proteins in the hippocampus.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Autofagia , Moxibustão , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide , Animais , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia , Córtex Cerebral , Cognição , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos
6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(21): 217001, 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517799

RESUMO

We model the newly synthesized magic-angle-twisted bilayer graphene superconductor with two p_{x,y}-like Wannier orbitals on the superstructure honeycomb lattice, where the hopping integrals are constructed via the Slater-Koster formulism by symmetry analysis. The characteristics exhibited in this simple model are well consistent with both the rigorous calculations and experiment observations. A van Hove singularity and Fermi-surface (FS) nesting are found in the doping levels relevant to the correlated insulator and unconventional superconductivity revealed experimentally, based on which we identify the two phases as weak-coupling FS instabilities. Then, with repulsive Hubbard interactions turned on, we performed random-phase-approximation based calculations to identify the electron instabilities. As a result, we find chiral d+id topological superconductivity bordering the correlated insulating state near half-filling, identified as noncoplanar chiral spin-density wave ordered state, featuring the quantum anomalous Hall effect. The phase diagram obtained in our approach is qualitatively consistent with experiments.

7.
Helicobacter ; 23(3): e12486, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29656498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous works have demonstrated that Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection can alter histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation status in gastric epithelial cells. However, whether Helicobacter pylori-induced histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation participates in gastric carcinogenesis is unknown. We investigate the expression of histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation in various stages of gastric disease and explore its clinical implication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stomach biopsy samples from 129 patients were collected and stained with histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation, Ki67, and Helicobacter pylori by immunohistochemistry staining, expressed as labeling index. They were categorized into nonatrophic gastritis, chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and intestinal-type gastric cancer groups. Helicobacter pylori infection was determined by either 13 C-urea breath test or immunohistochemistry staining. RESULTS: In Helicobacter pylori-negative patients, labeling index of histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation was gradually increased in nonatrophic gastritis, chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia groups, peaked at low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and declined in high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and gastric cancer groups. In Helicobacter pylori-infected patients, labeling index of histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation followed the similar pattern as above, with increased expression over the corresponding Helicobacter pylori-negative controls except in nonatrophic gastritis patient whose labeling index was decreased when compared with Helicobacter pylori-negative control. Labeling index of Ki67 in Helicobacter pylori-negative groups was higher in gastric cancer than chronic atrophic gastritis and low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia groups, and higher in intestinal metaplasia group compared with chronic atrophic gastritis group. In Helicobacter pylori-positive groups, Ki67 labeling index was increased stepwise from nonatrophic gastritis to gastric cancer except slightly decrease in chronic atrophic gastritis group. In addition, we noted that histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation staining is accompanied with its location changes from gastric gland bottom expanded to whole gland as disease stage progress. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that stepwise gastric carcinogenesis is associated with altered histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation, Helicobacter pylori infection enhances histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation expression in these processes; it is also accompanied with histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation location change from gland bottom staining expand to whole gland expression. The results suggest that epigenetic dysregulation may play important roles in Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Gastropatias/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Estômago/patologia , Gastropatias/metabolismo , Gastropatias/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Sci Adv ; 4(11): eaas9357, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30627665

RESUMO

Artemisia annua produces the valuable medicinal component, artemisinin, which is a sesquiterpene lactone widely used in malaria treatment. AaORA, a homolog of CrORCA3, which is involved in activating terpenoid indole alkaloid biosynthesis in Catharanthus roseus, is a jasmonate (JA)-responsive and trichome-specific APETALA2/ETHYLENE-RESPONSE FACTOR that plays a pivotal role in artemisinin biosynthesis. However, the JA signaling mechanism underlying AaORA-mediated artemisinin biosynthesis remains enigmatic. Here, we report that AaORA forms a transcriptional activator complex with AaTCP14 (TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1/CYCLOIDEA/PROLIFERATING CELL FACTOR 14), which is also predominantly expressed in trichomes. AaORA and AaTCP14 synergistically bind to and activate the promoters of two genes, double bond reductase 2 (DBR2) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), both of which encode enzymes vital for artemisinin biosynthesis. AaJAZ8, a repressor of the JA signaling pathway, interacts with both AaTCP14 and AaORA and represses the ability of the AaTCP14-AaORA complex to activate the DBR2 promoter. JA treatment induces AaJAZ8 degradation, allowing the AaTCP14-AaORA complex to subsequently activate the expression of DBR2, which is essential for artemisinin biosynthesis. These data suggest that JA activation of the AaTCP14-AaORA complex regulates artemisinin biosynthesis. Together, our findings reveal a novel artemisinin biosynthetic pathway regulatory network and provide new insight into how specialized metabolism is modulated by the JA signaling pathway in plants.


Assuntos
Artemisia annua/metabolismo , Artemisininas/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemisia annua/efeitos dos fármacos , Artemisia annua/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
9.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 18(8): 662-673, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786241

RESUMO

Isochorismate synthase (ICS) is a crucial enzyme in the salicylic acid (SA) synthesis pathway. The full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) sequence of the ICS gene was isolated from Artemisia annua L. The gene, named AaICS1, contained a 1710-bp open reading frame, which encoded a protein with 570 amino acids. Bioinformatics and comparative study revealed that the polypeptide protein of AaICS1 had high homology with ICSs from other plant species. Southern blot analysis suggested that AaICS1 might be a single-copy gene. Analysis of the 1470-bp promoter of AaICS1 identified distinct cis-acting regulatory elements, including TC-rich repeats, MYB binding site (MBS), and TCA-elements. An analysis of AaICS1 transcript levels in multifarious tissues of A. annua using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) showed that old leaves had the highest transcription levels. AaICS1 was up-regulated under wounding, drought, salinity, and SA treatments. This was corroborated by the presence of the predicted cis-acting elements in the promoter region of AaICS1. Overexpressing transgenic plants and RNA interference transgenic lines of AaICS1 were generated and their expression was compared. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) results from leaf tissue of transgenic A. annua showed an increase in artemisinin content in the overexpressing plants. These results confirm that AaICS1 is involved in the isochorismate pathway.

11.
Acupunct Med ; 35(5): 366-373, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28546432

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) response by acupuncture and to investigate its neuroprotective effect on brain injury caused by heroin addiction. METHODS: A total of 48 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a healthy control group (Control), an untreated heroin exposed group (Heroin) and a heroin exposed group receiving electroacupuncture (EA) treatment at GV14 and GV20 (Heroin+acupuncture) with n=16 rats per group. A rat model of heroin addiction was established by intramuscular injection of incremental doses of heroin for 8 consecutive days. A rat model of heroin relapse was established according to the exposure (addiction) → detoxification method. Apoptotic changes in nerve cells in the hippocampus and ventral tegmental area (VTA) were evaluated in each group of rats using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) assay. PERK, eIF2a, CHOP, IRE1 and JNK gene expression and protein expression were measured using quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) assay and immunohistochemical assay, respectively. RESULTS: The total number of positive nerve cells in the hippocampus and VTA was significantly lower in the Heroin+acupuncture group than in the Heroin group (p<0.01). Compared with the Heroin group, mRNA and protein expression of PERK, eIF2a, CHOP, IRE1 and JNK in the hippocampus and VTA were significantly downregulated in the Heroin+acupuncture group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The acupuncture-regulated ERS response appears to mediate the neuroprotective effect of acupuncture in heroin-addicted rats with brain injury. Inhibition of CHOP and JNK upregulation and reduction of nerve cell apoptosis may be the main mechanisms underlying the effects of acupuncture on heroin addiction-induced brain injury.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Eletroacupuntura , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Dependência de Heroína/complicações , Heroína/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura , Animais , Apoptose , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Lesões Encefálicas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dependência de Heroína/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Masculino , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo
12.
Front Plant Sci ; 7: 294, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27014317

RESUMO

Cryptochromes (CRY) are blue-light photoreceptors that mediate various light responses in plants and animals. It has long been demonstrated that Arabidopsis CRY (CRY1 and CRY2) C termini (CCT1 and CCT2) mediate light signaling through direct interaction with COP1. Most recently, CRY1 N terminus (CNT1) has been found to be involved in CRY1 signaling independent of CCT1, and implicated in the inhibition of gibberellin acids (GA)/brassinosteroids (BR)/auxin-responsive gene expression. Here, we performed RNA-Seq assay using transgenic plants expressing CCT1 fused to ß-glucuronidase (GUS-CCT1, abbreviated as CCT1), which exhibit a constitutively photomorphogenic phenotype, and compared the results with those obtained previously from cry1cry2 mutant and the transgenic plants expressing CNT1 fused to nuclear localization signal sequence (NLS)-tagged YFP (CNT1-NLS-YFP, abbreviated as CNT1), which display enhanced responsiveness to blue light. We found that 2903 (67.85%) of the CRY-regulated genes are regulated by CCT1 and that 1095 of these CCT1-regulated genes are also regulated by CNT1. After annotating the gene functions, we found that CCT1 is involved in mediating CRY1 regulation of phytohormone-responsive genes, like CNT1, and that about half of the up-regulated genes by GA/BR/auxin are down-regulated by CCT1 and CNT1, consistent with the antagonistic role for CRY1 and these phytohormones in regulating hypocotyl elongation. Physiological studies showed that both CCT1 and CNT1 are likely involved in mediating CRY1 reduction of seedlings sensitivity to GA under blue light. Furthermore, protein expression studies demonstrate that the inhibition of GA promotion of HY5 degradation by CRY1 is likely mediated by CCT1, but not by CNT1. These results give genome-wide transcriptome information concerning the signaling mechanism of CRY1, unraveling possible involvement of its C and N termini in its regulation of response of GA and likely other phytohormones.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 128(22): 3088-93, 2015 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26608991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and Ginkgo biloba extract (e.g., EGB 761) were shown to ameliorate cognitive and memory impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the exact mechanism remains elusive. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible mechanisms of HBO and EGB 761 via the function of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) pathway. METHODS: AD rats were induced by injecting ß-amyloid 25-35 into the hippocampus. All animals were divided into six groups: Normal, sham, AD model, HBO (2 atmosphere absolute; 60 min/d), EGB 761 (20 mg·kg-1·d-1 ), and HBO/EGB 761 groups. Morris water maze tests were used to assess cognitive, and memory capacities of rats; TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling staining and Western blotting were used to analyze apoptosis and NF-κB pathway-related proteins in hippocampus tissues. RESULTS: Morris water maze tests revealed that EGB 761 and HBO significantly improved the cognitive and memory ability of AD rats. In addition, the protective effect of combinational therapy (HBO/EGB 761) was superior to either HBO or EGB 761 alone. In line, reduced apoptosis with NF-κB pathway activation was observed in hippocampus neurons treated by HBO and EGB 761. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that HBO and EGB 761 improve cognitive and memory capacity in a rat model of AD. The protective effects are associated with the reduced apoptosis with NF-κB pathway activation in hippocampus neurons.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Ginkgo biloba/química , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Transtornos da Memória/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Memória/terapia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Doença de Alzheimer/induzido quimicamente , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Sci Rep ; 5: 8203, 2015 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25644143

RESUMO

Silicene has been synthesized recently, with experimental evidence showing possible superconductivity in the doped case. The noncoplanar low-buckled structure of this material inspires us to study the pairing symmetry of the doped system under a perpendicular external electric field. Our study reveals that the electric field induces an interesting quantum phase transition from the singlet chiral d + id'-wave superconducting phase to the triplet f-wave one. The emergence of the f-wave pairing results from the sublattice-symmetry-breaking caused by the electric field and the ferromagnetic-like intra-sublattice spin correlations at low dopings. Due to the enhanced density of states, the superconducting critical temperature of the system is enhanced by the electric field remarkably. Furthermore, we design a particular dc SQUID experiment to detect the quantum phase transition predicted here. Our results, if confirmed, will inject a new vitality to the familiar Si-based industry through adopting doped silicene as a tunable platform to study different types of exotic unconventional superconductivities.

16.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 20(23): 235219, 2008 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21694310

RESUMO

Using the φ-mapping method, we argue that ferromagnetic spin-triplet superconductors allow the formation of unstable magnetic monopoles. In particular, we show that the limit points and the bifurcation points of the φ-mapping will serve as the interaction points of these magnetic monopoles.

17.
Gene ; 391(1-2): 80-90, 2007 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17321073

RESUMO

ERF transcription factors can bind GCC boxes or non-GCC cis elements to regulate biotic and abiotic stress responses. Here, we report that an ERF transcription factor gene (GbERF2) was cloned by suppression subtraction hybridization from sea-island cotton after Verticillium dahliae attack. The GbERF2 cDNA has a total length of 1143 bp with an open reading frame of 597 bp. The genomic sequence of GbERF2 contains an intron of 515 bp. The gene encodes a predicated polypeptide of 198 amino acids with a molecular weight of 22.5 kDa and a calculated pI of 9.82. The GbERF2 protein has a highly conserved ERF domain while the nucleotide and amino acid sequences have low homology with other ERF plant proteins. An RNA blot revealed that GbERF2 is constitutively expressed in different tissues, but is higher in the leaves. High levels of GbERF2 transcripts rapidly accumulated when the plants were exposed to exogenous ethylene treatment and V. dahliae infection, while there was only a slight accumulation in response to salt, cold, drought and water stresses. In contrast, GbERF2 transcripts declined in response to exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. GbERF2 transgenic tobacco plants constitutively accumulated higher levels of pathogenesis-related gene transcripts, such as PR-1b, PR2 and PR4. The resistance of transgenic tobacco to fungal infection by Alternaria longipes was enhanced. However, the resistance to bacterial infection by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci was not improved. These results show that GbERF2 plays an important role in response to ethylene stress and fungal attack in cotton.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Gossypium/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tabaco/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia , Alternaria/patogenicidade , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/química , DNA Complementar/genética , Desastres , Gossypium/microbiologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Tabaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Tabaco/microbiologia , Água/farmacologia
19.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 20(1): 99-103, 2004 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15182633

RESUMO

AIM: To establish a stable and reliable method for fast cloning homologous genes of pollen allergens in allergen-containing plants. METHODS: Degenerate primers were designed based on the bioinformatic analysis of numerous allergens available from the database. Subsequent amplification of the allergen genes was conducted in the weed pollen cDNA pool by a selective PCR profile. Following the truncated gene cloning, RACE method was used to isolate full-length cDNA. Gene function was deduced by sequence alignment in GenBank database. The degenerate ability of the primer was compared with the full-length cDNA sequences. RESULTS: Three full-length cDNAs were obtained. Sequence analysis showed that these new genes shared as high as 79%-85% homology with a large amount of known allergen profilins and were hence regarded as members of panallergen profilin family. Comparing these genes with the degenerate primers that were initially used in truncated gene cloning revealed that alternative nucleotide degeneracy occurred beyond the degenerate site predesigned, suggesting that further degeneracy was expanded by Touchdown-gradient PCR. CONCLUSION: Cloning of homologous genes or allergen genes can be efficiently achieved by using the combination of degenerate primer with Touchdown-gradient RT-PCR in the species such as Humulus scandens that has not yet been investigated.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/genética , Humulus/imunologia , Pólen/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Clonagem Molecular , Primers do DNA , DNA Complementar/química , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
20.
Yi Chuan Xue Bao ; 30(2): 147-53, 2003 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12776603

RESUMO

We developed an EST (expressed sequence tag) clustering method, ESTClustering, to generate high-quality unique expressed sequence based on large-scale EST sequencing. The method uses consensus sequences to sequence analyze with megablast and assemble each cluster with phrap in clustering process. The clustering strategy can efficiently identify gene family and alternate splicing forms of expressed sequences. It can also reduce the adverse effects caused by sequence errors. The ESTClustering method tends to provide more expressed gene forms comparing with the UniGene clustering method of the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Analysis of the 112,256 ESTs of Arabidopsis with ESTClustering produced 23,581 EST clusters. Among these Arabidopsis EST clusters, 13,597 have corresponding genome coding sequences and this number is close to the number of genes predicted with Arabidopsis ESTs. Using this clustering method, a total of 147,191 rice ESTs were clustered into 33,896 groups.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Etiquetas de Sequências Expressas , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional/métodos , DNA Complementar/genética , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Oryza/genética
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