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1.
Microb Pathog ; : 105212, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597776

RESUMO

Lactobacillus fermentum (L. fermentum) YLF016 is a well-characterized probiotic with several favorable characteristics. This study aimed to analyze the probiotic characteristics of L. fermentum and uncover the genes implicated in its potential probiotic ability on the base of its genomics features. The complete genome of L. fermentum YLF016 was found to have a circular chromosome of 2,094,354 bp, and 51.46% G + C content without any plasmid. Its chromosome contained 2,130 predicted protein-encoding genes, 58 tRNA, and 15 rRNA-encoding genes. Also, it was found to have many other probiotic properties, such as a high survival rate in the gastrointestinal tract with strong adherence to intestinal cells, antibacterial activity against pathogens, and antioxidant activity. Moreover, the genome sequence analysis demonstrated specific genes coding for carbon metabolism pathway, genetic adaption, stress resistance, and adhesive ability. Further analysis revealed its non-hemolytic activity and its non-functional ability of virulence factors. In conclusion, L. fermentum YLF016 possesses many valuable probiotic properties that refer to its potential probiotic ability.

2.
Acta Otolaryngol ; : 1-5, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy and tonsillectomy with adenoidectomy are among the most common surgical procedures in otolaryngology practice, but the complications, especially the postoperative bleeding, are seriously troubling surgeons. Some authors had identified that gastroesophageal reflux and LPR are both risk factors for complications in tonsillectomy of children patients. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: Therefore, we designed this prospective study to assess the role of LPR in the development of complications following tonsillectomy in adult patients. We want to provide a basis for future clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We recruited a totally of 150 adult patients (18-60 years old) who had an indication of tonsillectomy because of recurrent tonsillitis and divided them into two groups, the laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) group and the control group identified by the results of Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and Reflux Finding Score (RFS). The complications that were observed and evaluated were pain, hemorrhage, fever, infection, and pulmonary problems. RESULT: All the patients complained of pain after surgery. The duration of the pain in the LPR group was much longer than that of the control group. In the LPR group, patients had a similar pain level on the first day after surgery. However, on the 7th day and 14th day after surgery, the pain level was obviously higher than that of the control group. We found that the body temperature mildly rose on the 1st day after surgery and gradually fell to normal level in both groups. No cases had bleeding within 24 h after surgery. There were nine cases of bleeding in the LPR group, while only one case of bleeding occurred in the control group. There were no cases of infection or pulmonary complications in either group. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: LPR is closely related to the complications followed by tonsillectomy and we also suggest that high dosages of proton pump inhibitors (PPI), alkaline water, and alginates should be proscribed to the patients with LPR during the perioperative period.

4.
Nanoscale ; 13(40): 16986-16994, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613321

RESUMO

Coupled with renewable electricity, electrochemical reduction of CO2 (CO2RR) is one of the sustainable strategies for the production of value-added carbon-containing chemicals. Cu-based catalysts are by far the most widely studied electrocatalytic materials for CO2RR, although they exhibit poor performance in CO selectivity. In this work, we have designed a Cu1.96S/Cu tandem structure via a combined electrospinning and calcination method. The catalyst enables CO2 reduction to CO with high selectivity >80% with a production rate of 34.6 µmol h-1 cm-2 at -0.68 V vs. RHE, which is superior to most of the Cu-based catalysts under the same operation conditions. Theoretical simulations show that the improved CO2RR performance stems from the Cu1.96S/Cu tandem structure in which Cu acts as a *CO-producing site and the neighboring Cu1.96S facilitates the following *CO desorption step. This work opens new possibilities for exploiting tandem catalysis mechanisms.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617132

RESUMO

Sponge iron (SFe) is a zero-valent iron (Fe0) composite with a high-purity and porous structure. In this study, SFe was coupled with microorganisms that were gradually domesticated to form a Fe0/iron-oxidizing bacteria system (Fe0-FeOB system). The enhancement effect of the Fe0-FeOB system on refractory organics was verified, the mechanism of its strengthening action was investigated, and the relationship and influencing factors between the Fe0 and microorganisms were revealed. The average removal rates of the Fe0-FeOB system were 8.98%, 5.69%, and 40.67% higher than those of the SBR system for AF, AN, and NB wastewater treatment, respectively. With the addition of SFe, the microbial community structure was gradually enhanced with a large number of FeOB were detected. Moreover, the bacteria with strong iron corrosion and Fe(II) oxidation abilities plays a critical role in improving the Fenton-like effect. Interestingly, the variation trend of ⋅OH was fairly consistent with that of Fe(II). Thus, the main drivers of the Fenton-like effect are biological corrosion and metabolism. Consequently, microbial degradation and Fenton-like effect contributed to the degradation performance of the Fe0-FeOB system. Among them, the microbial degradation accounted for 96.09%, of which the biogenic Fenton effect accounted for 8.9%, and the microbial metabolic activity accounted for 87.19%. However, the augmentation of the Fe0-FeOB system was strongly dependent on SFe for the strengthening effect of microorganisms disappeared after leaving the SFe 35 days.

6.
Clin Lab ; 67(9)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: D-dimer is a molecular marker of fibrin degradation and fibrinolytic system activation and is an effective indicator for early diagnosis of thrombotic diseases, monitoring of thrombolytic therapy, and efficacy evaluation; therefore, the accuracy of D-dimer test results is of great significance to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in clinical practice. METHODS: This paper reports two cases of pseudoelevation of plasma D-dimer levels by different test systems. RESULTS: In case 1, the abnormal increases in the results of the ACL TOP 700 analyzer were considered to be the pseudoelevation caused by interferences, and the abnormal increases in the STA-R Max results were considered to be the pseudoelevation caused by interferences in case 2. CONCLUSIONS: Laboratories should be equipped with two different brands of test systems and reagents to identify suspicious test results in a timely manner and avoid adverse events.


Assuntos
Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Trombose , Fibrina , Humanos , Terapia Trombolítica
7.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(5): 6262-6287, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer (BLCA) has a high rate of morbidity and mortality, and is considered as one of the most malignant tumors of the urinary system. Tumor cells interact with surrounding interstitial cells, playing a key role in carcinogenesis and progression, which is partly mediated by chemokines. CXC chemokines exert anti-tumor biological roles in the tumor microenvironment and affect patient prognosis. Nevertheless, their expression and prognostic values patients with BLCA remain unclear. METHODS: We used online tools, including Oncomine, UALCAN, GEPIA, GEO databases, cBioPortal, GeneMANIA, DAVID 6.8, Metascape, TRUST (version 2.0), LinkedOmics, TCGA, and TIMER2.0 to perform the relevant analysis. RESULTS: The mRNA levels of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL)1, CXCL5, CXCL6, CXCL7, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, CXCL13, CXCL16, and CXCL17 were increased significantly increased, and those of CXCL2, CXCL3, and CXCL12 were decreased significantly in BLCA tissues as assessed using the Oncomine, TCGA, and GEO databases. GEO showed that high levels of CXCL1, CXCL6, CXCL10, CXCL11, and CXCL13 mRNA expression are associated significantly with the poor overall survival (all p < 0.05), and similarly, those of CXCL2 and CXCL12 in the TCGA database (p < 0.05). The predominant signaling pathways involving the differentially expressed CXC chemokines are cell cycle, chemokine, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Moreover, transcription factors such as Sp1 transcription factor (SP1), nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 (NFKB1), and RELA proto-oncogene, NF-KB subunit (RELA) were likely play critical roles in regulating CXC chemokine expression. LYN proto-oncogene, src family tyrosine kinase (LYN) and LCK proto-oncogene, src family tyrosine kinase (LCK) were identified as the key targets of these CXC chemokines. MicroRNAs miR200 and miR30 were identified as the main microRNAs that interact with several CXC chemokines through an miRNA-target network. The expression of these chemokines is closely associated with the infiltration of six categories of immune cells. CONCLUSION: We explored the CXC chemokines superfamily-based biomarkers associated with BLCA prognosis using public databases, and provided possible chemokine targets for patients with BLCA.


Assuntos
Quimiocinas CXC , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(4): 1136, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466146

RESUMO

Varicocele is a common disease of the male reproductive system. Morinda (M.) officinalis is a Chinese herbal medicine, whose main bioactive component M. officinalis polysaccharide (MOP) is believed to have a therapeutic effect on varicocele; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms of this effect are poorly understood. In the present study, 24 rats were randomly divided into three groups: i) Control group; ii) experimental varicocele group; and iii) 300 mg/kg MOP administration group. Analysis of mRNA and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression in rat left testicular tissue was performed. The results suggested that a total of 144 mRNAs and 63 lncRNAs, 63 mRNAs and 148 lncRNAs, and 173 mRNAs and 54 lncRNAs were differentially expressed between the varicocele non-treatment and control groups, the varicocele treatment and varicocele non-treatment groups, and the varicocele treatment and control groups, respectively. Following validation by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, the Yip1 domain family member 7 (YIPF7) gene was identified as a key mediator of varicocele pathogenesis and repair effect of MOP. Additionally, genes such as purinergic receptor P2X 4 (P2RX4), transmembrane protein 225B (TMEM255B) and Wnt family member 9B (WNT9B) were confirmed to be differentially expressed between the varicocele non-treatment and control groups. We hypothesize that TMEM255B could be a potential novel diagnostic biomarker for varicocele; WNT9B and P2RX4 likely play notable roles in the pathophysiology of the disease through the Wnt signaling pathway and regulation of transmembrane ion channels, respectively. In summary, the present study delineated the molecular mechanisms underlying varicocele pathogenesis and the therapeutic effect of MOP, identified a potential novel diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for varicocele, and provided feasible directions for further studies in the future.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(36): 20444-20452, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494626

RESUMO

The formation of oxygen vacancies could affect various properties of oxides. Herein we have investigated the formation energies of an oxygen vacancy (VO) with the relevant charge states in bulk Pnma-Li2FeSiO4 using first-principles calculations. The formation energies of the VO are essentially dependent on the atomic chemical potentials that represent the experimental conditions. The calculated formation energies of an oxygen vacancy in different charge states indicate that it would be energetically favorable to fully ionize the oxygen vacancy in Li2FeSiO4. The presence of VO is accompanied by a distinct redistribution of the electronic charge densities only around the Fe and Si ions next to the O-vacancy site, which shows a very local influence on the host material arising from VO. This local characteristic is also confirmed by the calculated partial densities of states (PDOS). We also studied the influence of substitutional (MnFe and CoFe) and cation vacancy defects (i.e., VFe and VLi) in the vicinity of an O-vacancy on the formation of an O-vacancy, respectively. We find that the calculated interaction energies between these defects and the oxygen vacancy are all negative, which implies that the formation of an oxygen vacancy becomes easier when the above defects are introduced. Compared to the substitutional defects, the interaction energies between the vacancy defects and the oxygen vacancy are significantly larger. Among them, the interaction energy between VFe and VO is the largest.

10.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(18): 22361-22374, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542422

RESUMO

Endocervical adenocarcinoma (EAC) is an aggressive type of endocervical cancer. At present, molecular research on EAC mainly focuses on the genome and mRNA transcriptome, the investigation of small RNAs in EAC has not been fully described. Here, we systematically explored small RNAs in 14 EAC patients with different subtypes using small RNA sequencing. MiRNAs and tRNA-derived RNAs (tDRs) accounted for the majority of mapped reads and the total number of miRNAs and tDRs maintained a relative balance. To explore the correlations between small RNAs expression and EAC with different clinical characteristics, we performed the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and screened for hub small RNAs. From the key modules, we identified 9 small RNAs that were significantly related to clinical characteristics in EAC patients. Gene ontology and pathway analyses revealed that these molecules were involved in the pathogenesis of EAC. Our work provided new insights into EAC pathogenesis and successfully identified several small RNAs as candidate biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of EAC.

11.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(9): e0009785, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516560

RESUMO

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a mosquito-borne bunyavirus with a wide host range including ruminants and humans. RVFV outbreaks have had devastating effects on public health and the livestock industry in African countries. However, there is no approved RVFV vaccine for human use in non-endemic countries and no FDA-approved antiviral drug for RVFV treatment. The RVFV 78kDa protein (P78), which is a membrane glycoprotein, plays a role in virus dissemination in the mosquito host, but its biological role in mammalian hosts remains unknown. We generated an attenuated RVFV MP-12 strain-derived P78-High virus and a virulent ZH501 strain-derived ZH501-P78-High virus, both of which expressed a higher level of P78 and carried higher levels of P78 in the virion compared to their parental viruses. We also generated another MP-12-derived mutant virus (P78-KO virus) that does not express P78. MP-12 and P78-KO virus replicated to similar levels in fibroblast cell lines and Huh7 cells, while P78-High virus replicated better than MP-12 in Vero E6 cells, fibroblast cell lines, and Huh7 cells. Notably, P78-High virus and P78-KO virus replicated less efficiently and more efficiently, respectively, than MP-12 in macrophage cell lines. ZH501-P78-High virus also replicated poorly in macrophage cell lines. Our data further suggest that inefficient binding of P78-High virus to the cells led to inefficient virus internalization, low virus infectivity and reduced virus replication in a macrophage cell line. P78-High virus and P78-KO virus showed lower and higher virulence than MP-12, respectively, in young mice. ZH501-P78-High virus also exhibited lower virulence than ZH501 in mice. These data suggest that high levels of P78 expression attenuate RVFV virulence by preventing efficient virus replication in macrophages. Genetic alteration leading to increased P78 expression may serve as a novel strategy for the attenuation of RVFV virulence and generation of safe RVFV vaccines.

12.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 47(5): 1597-1610, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417918

RESUMO

Foxo1, a member of Foxo transcription factor family, is involved in a number of physiological processes including metabolism, cell cycle progression, aging, and apoptosis. In the ovarian granulosa cell of mouse, Foxo1 is implicated to inhibit the expression of Cyp19a1, a gene encoding the aromatase that converts androgens into estrogens. Currently, the information about the expression and physiological relevance of Foxo1 homologues in the ovary of teleosts is scarce. In the present study, cDNAs encoding two forms of Foxo1, Foxo1a and Foxo1b, were isolated from the orange-spotted grouper. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the orange-spotted groupers Foxo1a and Foxo1b were closely related to the counterparts of the ricefield eel. RT-PCR analysis showed that the orange-spotted groupers foxo1a and foxo1b were expressed in a wide range of tissues, with high levels detected in the brain regions, liver, and intestine. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed similar expression profiles for cyp19a1a, foxo1a, and foxo1b in the ovary during development from the primary growth to mature stages, with peak values detected at the vitellogenic stage. In situ hybridization detected mRNA of foxo1a, foxo1b, and cyp19a1a in granulosa cells surrounding vitellogenic oocytes. In vitro transfection showed that both Foxo1a and Foxo1b upregulated the orange-spotted grouper cyp19a1a promoter activities, possibly through the conserved Foxo binding site. Collectively, these results suggest that both Foxo1a and Foxo1b may be involved in the regulation of the ovarian functions in the orange-spotted grouper and the physiological roles of Foxo1 homologues in the ovary may be diversified in vertebrates.

13.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372594

RESUMO

Currently there is no FDA-licensed vaccine or therapeutic against Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV) infections. The largest ever reported 2014-2016 West Africa outbreak, as well as the 2021 outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, highlight the critical need for countermeasures against filovirus infections. A well-characterized small animal model that is susceptible to wild-type filoviruses would greatly add to the screening of antivirals and vaccines. Here, we infected signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 knock out (STAT-1 KO) mice with five different wildtype filoviruses to determine susceptibility. SUDV and Marburg virus (MARV) were the most virulent, and caused 100% or 80% lethality, respectively. Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BDBV), and Taï Forest ebolavirus (TAFV) caused 40%, 20%, and no mortality, respectively. Further characterization of SUDV in STAT-1 KO mice demonstrated lethality down to 3.1 × 101 pfu. Viral genomic material was detectable in serum as early as 1 to 2 days post-challenge. The onset of viremia was closely followed by significant changes in total white blood cells and proportion of neutrophils and lymphocytes, as well as by an influx of neutrophils in the liver and spleen. Concomitant significant fluctuations in blood glucose, albumin, globulin, and alanine aminotransferase were also noted, altogether consistent with other models of filovirus infection. Finally, favipiravir treatment fully protected STAT-1 KO mice from lethal SUDV challenge, suggesting that this may be an appropriate small animal model to screen anti-SUDV countermeasures.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ebolavirus/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Amidas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Ebolavirus/classificação , Ebolavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Ebolavirus/patogenicidade , Feminino , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/tratamento farmacológico , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pirazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Virais/genética
14.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 204, 2021 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is an important ailment limiting the production of the Tibetan pig industry. Dynamic balance of the intestinal microbiota is important for the physiology of the animal. The objective of this work was to study fungal diversity in the feces of early weaning Tibetan piglets in different health conditions. RESULTS: In the present study, we performed high-throughput sequencing to characterize the fungal microbial diversity in healthy, diarrheal and treated Tibetan piglets at the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. The four alpha diversity indices (Chao1, ACE, Shannon and Simpson) revealed no significant differences in the richness across the different groups (P > 0.05). In all samples, the predominant fungal phyla were Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Rozellomycota. Moreover, the healthy piglets showed a higher abundance of Ascomycota than the treated ones with a decreased level of Basidiomycota. One phylum (Rozellomycota) showed higher abundance in the diarrheal piglets than in the treated. At genus level, compared with that to the healthy group, the proportion of Derxomyces and Lecanicillium decreased, whereas that of Cortinarius and Kazachstania increased in the diarrheal group. The relative abundances of Derxomyces, Phyllozyma and Hydnum were higher in treated piglets than in the diarrheal ones. CONCLUSIONS: A decreased relative abundance of beneficial fungi (e.g. Derxomyces and Lecanicillium) may cause diarrhea in the early-weaned Tibetan piglets. Addition of probiotics into the feed may prevent diarrhea at this stage. This study presented the fungal diversity in healthy, diarrheal and treated early-weaned Tibetan piglets.

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(2): 887, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194565

RESUMO

Varicocele is a common disease of the male reproductive system and is the main cause of male infertility; however, the pathological mechanisms of varicocele remain unclear. The anchoring junctions (AJs) in the testies are located between Sertoli cells, or between Sertoli cells and germ cells. Intact and functional AJs are crucial for spermatogenesis. In the present study, the histomorphology, ultrastructure of AJ, cell cycle, expression of AJ structural proteins, and the level of AJ-associated signaling molecules were investigated in the left testes of experimental varicocele rats at 8 and 12 weeks after surgery. The results revealed that varicocele induced the loss of premature germ cells from the seminiferous epithelium. Furthermore, the results of the present study also revealed damage to the AJ ultrastructure, disorientation of the spermatid head, deregulation of the cell cycle, downregulation of AJ structural proteins, enhanced phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) at Tyr397 and its downstream adapter Src at Tyr416, and activation of the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1 (ERK1) signaling pathway. Thus, the present study demonstrated that varicocele disrupted the structure and function of AJs in the left testes of rats, and that enhancement of FAK phosphorylation may contribute to AJ damage by activating ERK1 signaling, disrupting actin-based filament networks, and altering the balance of the apical ectoplasmic specialization-blood testis barrier functional axis. These findings provide important insights into the pathological mechanisms through which varicocele contributes to male infertility and could help to identify new therapeutic targets for varicocele.

16.
Front Genet ; 12: 664498, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34276774

RESUMO

Background: Observational studies indicate that phospholipid fatty acids (FAs) have an impact on the etiology in cancers, but the results are conflicting. We aimed to investigate the causal association of phospholipid FAs with breast cancer and prostate cancer. Methods: Fourteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected as instrumental variables to predict the level of 10 phospholipid FAs from Genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We obtained the summary statistics for the latest and largest GWAS datasets for breast cancer (113,789 controls and 133,384 cases) and prostate cancer (61,106 controls and 79,148 cases) from the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC) and Prostate Cancer Association Group to Investigate Cancer Associated Alterations in the Genome (PRACTICAL) consortium. Two-sample Mendelian randomization analysis was applied. Results: The results demonstrate that the 10 individual plasma phospholipid FAs are not significantly associated with breast cancer risk and prostate cancer risk. Conclusion: The evidence is insufficient to support the causal association of the 10 individual plasma phospholipid FAs with breast cancer and prostate cancer.

17.
Gen Comp Endocrinol ; 312: 113871, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324842

RESUMO

Nr5a (Fushi tarazu factor 1, Ftz-F1) homologues belong to the nuclear receptor superfamily, and are involved in the regulation of reproduction in vertebrates. Four genes encoding Nr5a homologues were present in the genome of ricefield eel, which are designated as nr5a1a, nr5a1b, nr5a2, and nr5a5 in the present study. Alternatively spliced transcripts were identified for nr5a1a and nr5a1b genes. Sequence analysis indicated that nr5a5 is possibly a paralog of nr5a2, and nr5a1b is lost during evolution in some teleosts including tilapia and medaka. Ricefield eel nr5a genes exhibit tissue-specific expression patterns, with nr5a1a and nr5a1b resembling that of the SF-1/Ad4BP (NR5A1) subfamily, and nr5a2 and nr5a5 resembling that of the NR5A2/LRH/FTF subfamily. Transcriptomic analysis revealed parallel expression profiles of nr5a1a, foxl2, and cyp19a1a in ovarian follicles during vitellogenesis, with peak values at the late vitellogenic stage. Real-time PCR indicated that the expression levels of nr5a1a and foxl2 in gonads were decreased significantly during the sexual transition from female to the late intersexual stage. In vitro transient transfection assay showed that Nr5a1a up-regulated ricefield eel cyp19a1a promoter activities synergistically with Foxl2. However, Nr5a1b, Nr5a2, and Nr5a5 could neither activate ricefield eel cyp19a1a promoter alone nor enhance the stimulatory effects of Foxl2 on cyp19a1a promoter activities. Collectively, the above data suggest that Nr5a homologues may have diverse and differential roles in the tissues of ricefield eels. The up-regulation of gonadal nr5a1a and foxl2 during vitellogenesis may be important for the ovarian development whereas their down-regulation during the sexual transition period may be important for the sex change process of ricefield eels, possibly through the regulation of cyp19a1a gene expression.

18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2477-2484, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313066

RESUMO

The C, N and P stoichiometry are helpful to understand the capacity of carbon assimilation and nutrient utilization efficiency during plant growth, as well as to diagnose nutrient limitation status. There is still a knowledge gap about the effects of disease on plant stoichiometry. In this study, forage oats (Avena sativa) suffering from anthracnose were the object of research conducted in north Shanxi Province. The C, N and P stoichiometry in the shoot of oat were examined at different degrees of disease occurrence. We analyzed the relationship of plant stoichiometry with disease duration, cultivar, and cultivation methods. The results showed that C, N and P contents decreased with the increasing degree of disease occurrence. The C, N and P contents in the plants with serious disease were significantly lower than that of healthy plants with a decreasing rate of 5.4%, 20.0% and 24.2%, respectively. C:N and C:P showed an increasing trend with the increases of the degree of disease occurrence. C:N and C:P of the plants with serious disease were significantly increased by 18.5% and 22.2%, respectively, than that of healthy plants. There was no significant difference for C content among different sampling sites, which indicated that the three varieties of forage oats might have disease tolerance capacity to ensure crop production. However, the stoichiometric values of N and P varied from place to place. The longer the disease duration was, the more reduction of N and P contents. Compared with monoculture oats, the P utilization efficiency of mixture oats was decreased by anthracnose. In summary, anthracnose had negative impacts on carbon assimilation capacity of forage oats in northern Shanxi. Anthracnose increased the restriction of N and P nutrition on the aboveground parts. However, anthracnose significantly improved N and P utilization efficiency. For the production practice, it was recommended to take necessary control measures to reduce the adverse effects of diseases on the economic benefits and ecological functions of forage oats.


Assuntos
Avena , Grão Comestível , Carbono/análise , China , Produção Agrícola , Grão Comestível/química
19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4157, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230487

RESUMO

The episodic growth of high-elevation orogenic plateaux is controlled by a series of geodynamic processes. However, determining the underlying mechanisms that drive plateau growth dynamics over geological history and constraining the depths at which growth originates, remains challenging. Here we present He-CO2-N2 systematics of hydrothermal fluids that reveal the existence of a lithospheric-scale fault system in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau, whereby multi-stage plateau growth occurred in the geological past and continues to the present. He isotopes provide unambiguous evidence for the involvement of mantle-scale dynamics in lateral expansion and localized surface uplift of the Tibetan Plateau. The excellent correlation between 3He/4He values and strain rates, along the strike of Indian indentation into Asia, suggests non-uniform distribution of stresses between the plateau boundary and interior, which modulate southeastward growth of the Tibetan Plateau within the context of India-Asia convergence. Our results demonstrate that deeply-sourced volatile geochemistry can be used to constrain deep dynamic processes involved in orogenic plateau growth.

20.
Gland Surg ; 10(5): 1736-1743, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164317

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the sonographic features and pathological findings of cervical lymph node metastasis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). Methods: A total of 49 patients who had thyroid surgery and lateral or central cervical lymph node dissection from October to December 2019 in our hospital were selected. All the lymph nodes included in the dissection were examined by intraoperative ultrasound and were divided into 5 groups according to the sonographic characteristics (A: overall hyperechoic group; B: hypoechoic with punctate hyperechoic group; C: mass hyperechoic group; D: cystic degeneration group; E: hypoechoic group without punctate hyperecho). All samples were sent to the Pathology Department according to the area of origin and classified and numbered for comparative analysis of the microscopic pathology and the sonogram. Results: A total of 120 suspicious metastatic lymph nodes were finally screened out by intraoperative ultrasound. The sonographic signs of these suspicious metastatic lymph nodes in the lateral and central regions of the neck were significantly different from the normal lymph nodes. Besides, the indicators including sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of intraoperative ultrasound for detecting lateral and central lymph nodes were 89.04% vs. 82.98%, 93.83% vs. 80.00%, 90.97% vs. 81.10%, 92.86% vs. 70.91%, and 90.48% vs. 88.89%, respectively. The pathological features of metastatic lymph nodes were shown as follows: group A, diffuse distribution of follicular structure; group C, focal distribution of follicular structure; group B and E, atypical follicular epithelial cells with or without papillary structure. Necrosis and liquefaction were observed in group D. Conclusions: The relationship between sonographic features and follicular structure of metastatic lymph nodes are firmly related. A correct understanding of these features is practical to improve the diagnostic rate of conventional ultrasonography and reduce the incidences of misdiagnosis.

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