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1.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427447

RESUMO

The occurrence of high-level tigecycline resistance tet(X) variant genes represents a new transferable resistance crisis to food safety and human health. Here, we investigated the abundance of tet(X)-variant genes [tet(X), tet(X1) to tet(X6)] in 33 samples collected from layer manures, manured/un-manured soils, and corresponding lettuce from three provinces in China. The results showed the occurrence of tet(X)/(X2), tet(X3), and tet(X4) in 24 samples. The detection rate of tet(X)/(X2) (23/24) is higher than that of tet(X3) (7/24) and tet(X4) (2/24), and tet(X)/tet(X2) and tet(X3) were found to be enriched and more abundant in most manured soil and several lettuce samples from manured soils than that from manure samples. Twenty six tigecycline-resistant bacteria were isolated, and tet(X)-variant genes were found to be disseminated not only by bacterial clone spreading but also via multidrug resistance plasmids. The total concentrations of tet(X)-variant genes showed significantly positive correlations (R = 0.683, p < 0.001) with ISCR2. Two veterinary tetracyclines (tetracycline and oxytetracycline) and other classes of antimicrobials (enrofloxacin, azithromycin, thiamphenicol, and florfenicol) showed significant correlations with the total concentrations of tet(X)-variant genes (R = 0.35-0.516, p < 0.05). The findings indicate the transmission of tet(X)-variant genes from layer manures to their receiving environmental soils and lettuce and highlight the contribution of veterinary antimicrobials to the spread of tet(X)-variant genes.

2.
Dent Traumatol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Decoronation offers one of the best and most predictable clinical outcomes for dentoalveolar ankylosis. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with the efficacy and psychological impact of decoronation for bone preservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 42 paediatric patients with 42 infrapositioned replanted permanent teeth. Twelve of these teeth were decoronated. Variables such as the time of injury, stage of root development and the extent of infraposition were analysed. The vertical changes in the alveolar bone level of the decoronated teeth were assessed on radiographs using a three-point scoring system. Parents of 30 patients with teeth that were not decoronated completed a questionnaire addressing their considerations and concerns regarding the treatment of infraposition. RESULTS: Teeth with root development in stages 2 and 3 showed a significantly higher rate of severe infraposition during the follow-up visits. Decoronation was performed on 12 teeth within 1.5-5 years (mean 3.8 ± 1.3 years) after replantation and 11 of these cases developed a considerable alveolar bone level. The alveolar bone levels of boys and girls showed improvements of 2.2 and 3.2 mm, respectively. The optimal age for decoronation to have a considerable increase in bone level was 12.12 ± 0.83 years for boys and 11.25 ± 1.77 years for girls. Complicated treatments, followed by parents' lack knowledge regarding decoronation, children's fear, follow-up times, and cost were the major concerns regarding decoronation. CONCLUSION: The optimal time for decoronation should be decided after considering the age, gender, skeletal growth pattern, and the degree of infraposition at the time of decoronation.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404574

RESUMO

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as attractive materials for energy and environmental-related applications owing to their structural, chemical and functional diversity over the last two decades. It is known that the poor carrier mobility and low electrical conductivity of ordinary MOFs severely limit their utility in practical applications. In the past 10 years, several MOF materials with high carrier mobility and outstanding electrical conductivity have received a worldwide upsurge of research interest and many techniques and strategies have been used to synthesize such MOFs. In this critical review, we provide an overview of the significant advances in the development of conductive MOFs reported until now. Their theoretical and synthetic design strategies, conductive mechanisms, electrical transport measurements, and applications are systematically summarized and discussed. In addition, we will also give some discussions on challenges and perspectives in this exciting field.

4.
Free Radic Res ; : 1-30, 2021 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455488

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart attack, stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia, and other congenital heart diseases remain the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The leading cause of deaths in CVD is attributed to myocardial infarction due to the rupture of atherosclerotic plaque. Atherosclerosis refers a condition when restricted or even blockage of blood flow occurs due to the narrowing of blood vessels as a result of the buildup of plaques composed of oxidized lipids. It is well-established that free radical oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in lipoproteins or cell membranes, termed lipid peroxidation (LPO), plays a significant role in atherosclerosis. LPO products are involved in immune responses and cell deaths in this process, in which previous evidence supports the role of programmed cell death (apoptosis) and necrosis. Ferroptosis is a newly identified form of regulated cell death characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides to lethal levels, which exhibits distinct features from apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy in morphology, biochemistry and genetics. Emerging evidence appears to demonstrate that ferroptosis is also involved in CVD. In this review, we summarize the recent progress on ferroptosis in CVD and atherosclerosis, highlighting the role of free radical LPO. The evidence underlying the ferroptosis and challenges in the field will also be critically discussed.

5.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33398574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: POEM is a rescue endoscopic therapy for patients who had previously failed surgical or endoscopic treatment. However, data regarding its effectiveness after failed pneumatic dilation (PD) and its long-term effects are limited. We aimed to retrospectively investigate the long-term outcomes in patients who had undergone POEM after failed PD. METHODS: Data from 66 achalasia patients with a 2-year follow-up period were analyzed. Intraprocedural events were compared between the first POEM group (patients without prior-endoscopic intervention) and prior PD group (patients who had pre-POEM PD). Symptom evaluation, HRM and 24 h-pH DeMeester scores between the two groups were performed at 2 years after the POEM procedure. Muscularis externa samples were obtained from the lower esophagus using POEM to assess the muscle fibrosis with Azan-Mallory staining. RESULTS: POEM was successfully performed for all achalasia patients. During the 2-year follow-up period, the success rate of POEM was 96.15% (25/26) for patients with prior PD and 95% (38/40) with primary POEM. For patients with type II achalasia and who underwent prior PD, the post-procedure DeMeester score was higher compared to patients who underwent POEM only (P < 0.05). A larger number of patients who underwent primary POEM (27.50%, 11/40) complained of mild heartburn compared to patients who underwent POEM after PD (7.69%, 2/26) (P < 0.05). With regards to fibrosis, the majority of patients who underwent POEM only were classified as F-1 (45.00%, 18/40), while the majority of patients who underwent prior PD were classified as F-2 (42.3%, 11/26). The degree of fibrosis was significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.05). Both surgical time and prior PD were correlated with the degree of fibrosis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Despite the technical challenges, pre-POEM endoscopic treatment does not impact the safety and efficacy of POEM in achalasia patients. Longer follow-up studies using larger cohorts are needed to determine long-term outcomes and complications of POEM.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 248: 119269, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302217

RESUMO

Developing high performance fluorescent chemosensor for Al3+ detection is highly desirable, due to the excess of Al3+ will lead to many diseases. In this paper, a simple 2-hydroxynaphthalene-based fluorescent chemosensor has been synthesized and characterized by different spectroscopic methods. The compound exhibited an "turn-on-type" fluorescent chemosensing for the detection of Al3+, which was ascribed to the chelation-enhanced fluorescence (CHEF). The high selectivity and sensitivity of the compound for Al3+ were verified by fluorescence spectra in its DMF solution, and the enhancement of fluorescent intensity could be observed by naked-eye from non-fluorescence to green light. The detection limit of the compound for Al3+ was found to be 4.22 × 10-8 M and the stability constant was 4.82 × 104 M-1. The 1:1 binding stoichiometry of the compound to Al3+ was confirmed from the Job's plot based on fluorescence titrations. Additionally, the sensing process of the compound to Al3+ was chemically reversible by adding Na2EDTA. Importantly, the probe was successfully applied to quantitative analysis of Al3+ in real drug and potable water samples.

7.
Acta Physiol (Oxf) ; 231(2): e13555, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886850

RESUMO

AIM: By activating prostacyclin receptors (IP receptors), prostacyclin (PGI2 ) exerts cardiovascular protective effects such as vasodilation and inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. However, IP receptors are dysfunctional under pathological conditions, and PGI2 produces detrimental effects that are opposite to its physiological protective effects via thromboxane-prostanoid (TP) receptors. This attempted to investigate whether or not IP receptor dysfunction facilitates the shift of PGI2 action. METHODS: The effects of PGI2 and its stable analog iloprost on VSMC phenotypic transformation and proliferation were examined in A10 cells silencing IP receptors, in human aortic VSMCs (HAVSMCs) knocked down IP receptor by CRISPR-Cas9, or in HAVSMCs transfected with a dysfunctional mutation of IP receptor IPR212C . RESULTS: PGI2 /iloprost treatment stimulated cell proliferation, upregulated synthetic proteins and downregulated contractile proteins, suggesting that PGI2 /iloprost promotes VSMC phenotypic transformation in IP-deficient cells. The effect of PGI2 /iloprost was prevented by TP antagonist S18886 or TP knockdown, indicating that the VSMC detrimental effect of PGI2 is dependent on TP receptor. RNA sequencing and Western blotting results showed that RhoA/ROCKs, MEK1/2 and JNK signalling cascades were involved. Moreover, IP deficiency increased the distribution of TP receptors at the cell membrane. CONCLUSION: PGI2 induces VSMC phenotypic transformation when IP receptors are impaired. This is attributed to the activation of TP receptor and its downstream signaling cascades, and to the increased membrane distribution of TP receptors. The VSMC detrimental effect of PGI2 medicated by IP dysfunction and TP activation might probably exacerbate vascular remodelling, accelerating cardiovascular diseases.

8.
Life Sci ; 264: 118634, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148419

RESUMO

AIMS: Exercise training has a neuroprotective effect against ischaemic injury, but the underlying mechanism is not completely clear. This study explored the potential mechanisms underlying the protective effects of treadmill training and caveolin-1 regulation against mitochondrial dysfunction in cerebral ischaemic injury. MAIN METHODS: After middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) surgery, rats were subjected to treadmill training and received daidzein injections and combined therapy. A series of analyses, including neurological function scoring; body weight measurement; Nissl, haematoxylin and eosin staining; cerebral infarction volume assessment; mitochondrial morphology examination; caveolin-1, cytoplasmic and mitochondrial cytochrome C (CytC), and translocase of outer membrane 20 (TOM20) expression analysis; apoptosis index analysis; and transmission electron microscopy were conducted. KEY FINDINGS: Treadmill training increased caveolin-1 expression, reduced neurobehavioral scores and cerebral infarction volumes, improved tissue morphology, reduced neuronal loss, inhibited mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) through the caveolin-1 pathway, prevented excessive Cyt-C release from mitochondria, and reduced the degrees of apoptosis and mitochondrial damage. In addition, treadmill training increased the expression of TOM20 through the caveolin-1 pathway and maintained import signal function, thereby protecting mitochondrial integrity. SIGNIFICANCE: Treadmill exercise protected mitochondrial integrity and inhibited the endogenous mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. The damage of cerebral ischaemia was alleviated in rats through enhancement of caveolin-1 by treadmill exercise.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Animais , Apoptose , Peso Corporal , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Teste de Esforço , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 320(1): H364-H380, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275526

RESUMO

Pathological cardiac remodeling is a leading cause of mortality in patients with diabetes. Given the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders (GLDs) in patients with diabetes, it is urgent to conduct a comprehensive study of the myocardial damage under GLDs and find key mechanisms. Apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice, low-density lipoprotein receptor heterozygote (Ldlr+/-) Syrian golden hamsters, or H9C2 cells were used to construct GLDs models. GLDs significantly promoted cardiomyocyte fibrosis, apoptosis, and hypertrophy in vivo and in vitro, but inhibition of galectin-3 (Gal-3) could significantly reverse this process. Then, the signal transmission pathways were determined. It was found that GLDs considerably inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt at Thr308/Ser473, whereas the silencing of Gal-3 could reverse the inhibition of Akt activity through phosphoinositide 3-kinase-AktThr308 (PI3K-AktThr308) and AMP-activated protein kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2-AktSer473 (AMPK-mTOR2-AktSer473) pathways. Finally, the PI3K, mTOR, AMPK inhibitor, and Akt activator were used to investigate the role of pathways in regulating cardiac remodeling. Phospho-AktThr308 could mediate myocardial fibrosis, whereas myocardial apoptosis and hypertrophy were regulated by both phospho-AktThr308 and phospho-AktSer473. In conclusion, Gal-3 was an important regulatory factor in GLDs-induced cardiac remodeling, and Gal-3 could suppress the phosphorylation of Akt at different sites in mediating cardiomyocyte fibrosis, apoptosis, and hypertrophy.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Studies on the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiac remodeling are highly desired. Glucose and lipid metabolism are both disordered in diabetes. Glucose and lipid metabolism disturbances promote myocardial fibrosis, apoptosis, and hypertrophy through galectin-3. Galectin-3 promotes cardiac remodeling by inhibiting phosphorylation of AktThr308 or AktSer473. The present study finds that glucose and lipid metabolism disorders are important causes for myocardial damage and provides novel ideas for the prevention and treatment of diabetic cardiac remodeling.

10.
Food Funct ; 12(1): 278-290, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300526

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammation are crucial contributors to liver damage and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adulthood in offspring affected by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Resveratrol (RSV) has been reported to treat and/or prevent hepatic diseases under various pathological conditions. However, the therapeutic and/or preventive effects of RSV on hepatic abnormality in IUGR adults have not been investigated until now. The effects of IUGR and RSV on the hepatic metabolic status, mitochondrial function, redox homeostasis and inflammation in pigs in adulthood were investigated. A total of 36 pairs of IUGR and normal birth weight piglets were orally fed with 80 mg RSV per kg body weight per d or vehicle (0.5% carboxymethylcellulose) for 7-21 d after birth. And then the offspring were fed with a basal diet supplemented with 300 mg RSV per kg feed or a basal diet from weaning to slaughter at 150 d. The plasma and liver samples were collected for subsequent analysis. RSV exerted beneficial effects on hepatic injury and metabolic alterations in IUGR pigs, which may be due to improved mitochondrial function and fatty acid oxidation by intensified mitochondrial biogenesis, enhanced antioxidant levels such as glutathione reductase and total superoxide dismutase activities, increased interleukin 10 gene expression and repolarization of macrophages. RSV alleviated hepatic lipid accumulation in IUGR pigs by improving mitochondrial function, redox status and inflammation, implying that it is a potential candidate for further development as an effective clinical treatment for NAFLD associated with IUGR.

11.
Neurol Res ; 43(1): 9-14, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Readmission within 30 days of index acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after hospitalization increases the burden on patients and healthcare expense. The purpose of our study was to investigate predictors and causes of 30-day readmission after AIS and investigate hospitalization expenses, length of stay (LOS) and in-hospital mortality of 30-day readmission. METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective study. AIS were captured by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnosis codes, patients with readmitted within 30 days after discharge were identified as readmission group. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of 30-day readmissions. Hospitalization expenses, LOS and in-hospital mortality were compared for index admission and readmission. RESULTS: We identified 2371 patients with AIS, 176 patients died before discharge, 504(23.0%) patients were admitted within 30 days. Older age, prior stroke, non-neurology floor during index admission, indwelling urinary catheter and diabetes were independently associated with increased risk of 30-day readmission (P<0.05). The most common causes for 30-day readmission were infection (28.8%) and recurrent stroke and TIA (22.8%). Patients with 30-day readmission have longer LOS and higher hospitalization expenses on readmission compared with the mean of these metrics on index admission (P<0.001). The in-hospital mortality after a within 30-day readmission was higher than index admission (13.1% vs 8.0%; OR 1.88, 95% CI 2.5-5.3; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older age, stroke severity, prior stroke, diabetes, indwelling urinary catheter and admission to non-neurology floor during index admission were associated with 30-day readmission. 30-readmission after AIS increased hospitalization expenses, LOS and in-hospital mortality.

12.
Clin Rheumatol ; 40(1): 151-165, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody treatments targeting systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are complex, variable, and often have disappointing outcomes. High levels of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its ligands (PD-L1, PD-L2) or CD80/CD86 on B cell surfaces are markers of increased B cell activity. However, their expression levels on CD19+CD20+/- B cells and their clinical significance for SLE dynamics have not been carefully investigated. METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, CD80, and CD86 on CD19+CD20+/- B cells in peripheral blood from SLE patients and healthy controls (HCs). The amount of anti-dsDNA and immunoglobin G (IgG) secreted by CD19+CD20+/- B cells was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: CD19+CD20- B cell frequency was significantly higher in SLE patients than in HCs (P < 0.001), and was positively correlated with disease activity. In SLE patients, frequencies of PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, and CD86 on CD19+CD20- B cells were significantly higher than CD19+CD20+ B cells (P ≤ 0.002) and were significantly correlated with individual laboratory and clinically based parameters (P < 0.05). In vitro tests, we found that the levels of anti-dsDNA and IgG secreted by CD19+CD20- B cells from patients with SLE were significantly higher than the HC group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We found abnormal frequency of CD19+CD20- B cells and increased expression of surface markers on these cells from SLE patients. And the CD19+CD20- B cells had the ability to proliferate and secrete anti-dsDNA and IgG. Additionally, our results suggested that CD19+CD20- B cells from SLE patients may be the activated B cells and caused poor efficacy of rituximab. Key Points • CD19+CD20- B cell frequencies were significantly higher in SLE patients. • Frequencies of PD-1 and its ligands on CD19+CD20- B cells increased significantly in SLE patients. • CD19+CD20- B cells in SLE patients had the ability to secrete anti-dsDNA and IgG. • CD19+CD20- B cells in SLE patients may be the activated B cells and caused poor efficacy of rituximab.

13.
Virus Res ; 291: 198220, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152381

RESUMO

Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a main sensor used to detect microbial DNA in the cytoplasm, which subsequently induces the production of interferon (IFN) via the cGAS/STING/IRF3 signaling pathway, leading to an antiviral response. However, some viruses have evolved multiple strategies to escape this process. Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a double-stranded DNA virus belonging to the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily, which can cause serious damage to the porcine industry. Many herpesvirus components have been reported to counteract IFN production, whereas little is known of PRV. In the present study, we found that PRV glycoprotein E (gE) was involved in counteracting cGAS/STING-mediated IFN production. Ectopic expression of gE decreased cGAS/STING-mediated IFN-ß promoter activity and the level of mRNA expression. Moreover, gE targeted at or downstream of IRF3 was found to inhibit IFN-ß production. However, gE did not affect the phosphorylation, dimerization and nuclear translocation of IRF3. Furthermore, gE is located on the nuclear membrane and could subsequently degrade CREB-binding protein (CBP). MG132, a proteasome inhibitor, decreased CBP degradation and restored the IFN-ß production induced by gE. Finally, gE-deleted PRV induced a higher level of IFN-ß production and reduced CBP degradation compared to wild-type PRV. Together, these results demonstrate that PRV gE can inhibit cGAS/STING-mediated IFN-ß production by degrading CBP to interrupt the enhanced assembly of IRF3 and CBP.

14.
Food Chem ; 339: 128078, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152871

RESUMO

The purpose of this work was to characterize the dynamic texture perception and study the mechanisms occurring in bolus from chewing to swallowing during white bread oral processing. Results indicated that the microstructural and chemical composition properties determined the oral processing behaviors. At the initial stage of oral processing, the roughness, hardness, and dryness perception were the dominant attributes. At the end of oral processing the adhesiveness and softness perception were dominant, which correlated to the higher bolus water content and adhesive properties. The softness and adhesiveness perception were the key factors that trigger swallowing. In vitro artificial mastication experiments confirmed that mucin rapidly increased the adhesive force of bolus at the initial stage of oral processing, whereas α-amylase gradually increased the adhesive force. These results can help to better understand the dynamic texture perception and its change mechanisms during oral processing.


Assuntos
Pão , Deglutição , Mastigação , Sensação , Adesividade , Dureza , Humanos , Triticum
15.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117018, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142579

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs), as emerging green solvents, provide a new opportunity for the biorefinement of biomass, component extraction, and cellulose nanofibrillation. Herein, different carboxylic acid-based DESs were applied for preparation of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) from cellulose raw materials accompanied by simultaneous esterification modifications of CNFs. The results showed that pretreatment of DESs combined with mechanical treatment can swell and esterify the cellulose materials, producing CNFs with widths less than 100 nm. The DES pretreatment temperature played important roles in the esterification modifications and nanofibrillation of cellulose. The esterification modifications of cellulose prevented the over-hydrolysis and dissolution of cellulose during the DES pretreatment, guaranteeing CNFs with high yields of 72 %-88 % and maintaining the cellulose I crystal structure. Moreover, the esterified CNFs were used as a reinforcement to prepare CNF-strengthened polylactic acid (PLA) composites. The surface esterification of the CNFs improved their dispersibility and interfacial compatibility with PLA, thereby achieving the mechanical enhancement of CNF/PLA composites.

16.
Talanta ; 222: 121522, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167232

RESUMO

Herein, a sensitive fluorescence (FL) biosensor for the assay of ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) was established based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between MoS2 quantum dots (MQDs) and CoOOH nanoflakes. CoOOH nanoflakes as effective FL quencher could quench the FL signal of MQDs on the basis of FRET. When ascorbic acid (AA) was added to the MQDs/CoOOH nanoflakes system, the FL signal was restored due to the redox reaction between CoOOH nanoflakes and AA, in which CoOOH nanoflakes were reduced to Co2+ by AA. In the presence of AAO, the recovered FL signal of MQDs was quenched again because of the enzymatic catalytically reaction between AAO and AA, in which AA was oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and then prevented the decomposition of CoOOH nanoflakes. Under the optimal experimental conditions, this developed fluorescence method exhibited good linear ranges from 2 to 10 mU mL-1 and 10-40 mU mL-1 with a low detection of limit of 0.8 mU mL-1 for AAO detection. And the limit of quantification (LOQ) of 2.6 mU mL-1 was obtained. The proposed biosensor showed high sensitivity and selectivity, and was successfully applied for AAO determination in human serum samples.

17.
Plant Cell Environ ; 44(1): 234-246, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978825

RESUMO

Spontaneous fertility reversion has been documented in cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) plants of several species, influenced in frequency by nuclear genetic background. In this study, we found that MutS HOMOLOG1 (MSH1) mediates fertility reversion via substoichiometric shifting (SSS) of the CMS-associated mitochondrial Open Reading Frame 220 (ORF220), a process that may be regulated by pollination signalling in Brassica juncea. We show that plants adjust their growth and development in response to unsuccessful pollination. Measurable decrease in MSH1 transcript levels and evidence of ORF220 SSS under non-pollination conditions suggest that this nuclear-mitochondrial interplay influences fertility reversion in CMS plants in response to physiological signals. Suppression of MSH1 expression induced higher frequency SSS in CMS plants than occurs normally. Transcriptional analysis of floral buds under pollination and non-pollination conditions, and the response of MSH1 expression to different sugars, supports the hypothesis that carbon flux is involved in the pollination signalling of fertility reversion in CMS plants. Our findings suggest that facultative gynodioecy as a reproductive strategy may incorporate environmentally responsive genes like MSH1 as an "on-off" switch for sterility-fertility transition under ecological conditions of reproductive isolation.

18.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 16: 2943-2959, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299316

RESUMO

Purpose: Consensus is lacking on the management of treatment-resistant depression (TRD), resulting in significant variations on how TRD patients are being managed in real-world practice. A survey explored how clinicians managed TRD across Asia, followed by an expert panel that interpreted the survey results and provided recommendations on how TRD could be managed in real-world clinical settings. Methods: Between March and July 2018, 246 clinicians from Hong Kong, Japan, Mainland China, South Korea, and Taiwan completed a survey related to their treatment approaches for TRD. Results: The survey showed physicians using more polytherapy (71%) compared to maintaining patients on monotherapy (29%). The most commonly (23%) administered polytherapy involved antidepressant augmentation with antipsychotics that 19% of physicians also indicated as their most important approach for managing TRD. The highest number of physicians (34%) ranked switching to another class of antidepressants as their most important approach, while 16% and 9% chose antidepressant combinations and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), respectively. Conclusion: Taking into account the survey results, the expert panel made general recommendations on the management of TRD. TRD partial-responders to antidepressants should be considered for augmentation with second-generation antipsychotics. For non-responders, switching to another class of antidepressants ought to be considered. TRD patients achieving remission with acute treatment should consider continuing their antidepressants for at least another 6 months to prevent relapse. ECT is a treatment consideration for patients with severe depression or persistent symptoms despite multiple adequate trials of antidepressants. Physicians should also consider the response, tolerability and adherence to the current and previous antidepressants, the severity of symptoms, comorbidities, concomitant medications, preferences, and cost when choosing a TRD treatment approach for each individual patient.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23803, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371155

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI), which has a high morbidity, is closely associated with the recurrence and rehabilitation of ischemic stroke. There are 2 different stages of PSCI, including post-stroke cognitive impairment with no dementia (PSCIND) and post-stroke dementia (PSD). The latter has a significantly higher mortality rate than the previous one. Therefore, preventing the onset of PSD is of vital importance. However, there is no unequivocally effective prevention or treatment for PSCI, except intensive secondary prevention of stroke. The primary aim of this protocol is to explore whether acupuncture can improve cognitive function of patients with PSCIND and reduce the chances of developing PSD. On this bias, we also want to explore its possible mechanisms. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A prospective, multicenter, large sample, randomized controlled trial will be conducted. A total of 360 eligible patients will be recruited from 5 different hospitals and randomly allocated into the acupuncture group (AG), sham acupuncture group (NAG), and waiting-list group (WLG) in a 1:1:1 ratio. The intervention period of NAG and AG will last 3 months (30 minutes per day, 3 times per week). Primary and secondary outcomes will be measured at baseline, 12 weeks (at the end of the intervention), 24 weeks (after the 12-week follow-up period), and 36 weeks (after the 24-week follow-up period). Resting-state and task-state functional MRI will be conducted at baseline and 12 weeks. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The ethic committee of First Teaching Hospital of University of Traditional Chinese Medicine approved the study. Study results will be first informed to each participant and later disseminated to researchers, and the general public through courses, presentations and the internet, regardless of the magnitude or direction of effect. The results will also be documented in a published peer-reviewed academic journal. REGISTRATION: We have registered at ClinicalTrials.gov(ChiCTR2000033801).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placebos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Neurol ; : 1-6, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341815

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic disease globally. The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College has adopted telestroke to make stroke care accessible in remote areas. During the period January 2020 to March 2020, there was no COVID-19 case reported in our stroke center. A significant reduction of stroke admission was observed between the ischemic stroke group (235 vs. 588 cases) and the intracerebral hemorrhage group (136 vs. 150 cases) when compared with the same period last year (p < 0.001). The mean door-to-needle time (DNT) and door-to-puncture time (DPT) was 62 and 124 min, respectively. Compared to the same period last year, a significant change was observed in DNT (62 ± 12 vs. 47 ± 8 min, p = 0.019) but not in DPT (124 ± 58 vs. 135 ± 23 min, p = 0.682). A total of 46 telestroke consultations were received from network hospitals. Telestroke management in the central hospital was performed on 17 patients. Of them, 3 (17.6%) patients had brain hernia and died in hospital and 8 (47.1%) patients were able to ambulation at discharge and had a modified Rankin Scale of 0-2 at 3 months. The COVID-19 pandemic impacted stroke care significantly in our hospital, including prehospital and in-hospital settings, resulting in a significant drop in acute ischemic stroke admissions and a delay in DNT. The construction of a telestroke network enabled us to extend health-care resources and make stroke care accessible in remote areas. Stroke education and public awareness should be reinforced during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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